CiteWeb

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Publications in 1996

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On-line fingerprint verification

We describe the design and implementation of an online fingerprint verification system which operates in two stages: (i) minutia extraction and (ii) minutia matching. An improved minutia extraction algorithm that is much faster and more accurate than...

Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters

We present a new class of long-period fiber gratings that can be used as in-fiber, low-loss, band-rejection filters. Photoinduced periodic structures written in the core of standard communication-grade fibers couple light from the fundamental guided mode...

Questions of Cultural Identity

Jessica Jacobson, Stuart Hall, Paul du Gay

A cone complementarity linearization algorithm for static output-feedback and related problems

This paper describes a linear matrix inequality (LMI)-based algorithm for the static and reduced-order output-feedback synthesis problems of n-th order linear time invariant (LTI) systems with n/sub u/ (resp. n/sub y/) independent inputs (resp. outputs)....

Organic electroluminescent devices with improved stability

Highly stable organic electroluminescent devices based on vapor‐deposited Alq thin films have been achieved. The improvement in stability is derived from several factors including: (1) a multilayer thin‐film structure with a CuPc stabilized hole‐injection...

Bias caused by template annealing in the amplification of mixtures of 16S rRNA genes by PCR.

The PCR is used widely for the study of rRNA genes amplified from mixed microbial populations. These studies resemble quantitative applications of PCR in that the templates are mixtures of homologs and the relative abundance of amplicons is thought to...

Sticky Places in Slippery Space: A Typology of Industrial Districts

As advances in transportation and information obliterate distance, cities and regions face a tougher time anchoring income-generating activities. In probing the conditions under which some manage to remain "sticky" places in "slippery" space, this paper...

Preferential Formation of Benzo[a]pyrene Adducts at Lung Cancer Mutational Hotspots in P53

Cigarette smoke carcinogens such as benzo[ a ]pyrene are implicated in the development of lung cancer. The distribution of benzo[ a ]pyrene diol epoxide (BPDE) adducts along exons of the P53 gene in BPDE-treated HeLa cells and bronchial epithelial cells...

Essential role of Stat6 in IL-4 signalling

Kiyoshi Takeda, Takashi Tanaka, Wei Shi, Makoto Matsumoto, Masashi Minami, Shin-ichiro Kashiwamura, Kenji Nakanishi, Nobuaki Yoshida, Tadamitsu Kishimoto, Shizuo Akira

AN APPLICATION OF PREFRONTAL CORTEX FUNCTION THEORY TO COGNITIVE AGING

The purpose of this review is to extend the existing application of the frontal lobe hypothesis of cognitive aging beyond the limited work on inhibitory control (F. N. Dempster, 1992) to include memory processes supported by the prefrontal cortex. To...

Monte Carlo Filter and Smoother for Non-Gaussian Nonlinear State Space Models

A new algorithm for the prediction, filtering, and smoothing of non-Gaussian nonlinear state space models is shown. The algorithm is based on a Monte Carlo method in which successive prediction, filtering (and subsequently smoothing), conditional probability...

Localization of Matrix Metalloproteinase MMP-2 to the Surface of Invasive Cells by Interaction with Integrin αvβ3

Cellular invasion depends on cooperation between adhesive and proteolytic mechanisms. Evidence is provided that the matrix metalloproteinase MMP-2 can be localized in a proteolytically active form on the surface of invasive cells, based on its ability...

A mammalian histone deacetylase related to the yeast transcriptional regulator Rpd3p

Trapoxin is a microbially derived cyclotetrapeptide that inhibits histone deacetylation in vivo and causes mammalian cells to arrest in the cell cycle. A trapoxin affinity matrix was used to isolate two nuclear proteins that copurified with histone deacetylase...

Synthesis of nanosized gold-silica core-shell particles

Luis M. Liz-Marzán, Michael Giersig, Paul Mulvaney

Multifaceted impact of self-efficacy beliefs on academic functioning.

Albert Bandura, Claudio Barbaranelli, Gian Vittorio Caprara, Concetta Pastorelli

Coordinated supply chain management

Historically, the three fundamental stages of the supply chain, procurement, production and distribution, have been managed independently, buffered by large inventories. Increasing competitive pressures, and market globalization are forcing firms to develop...

Frontiers of electronic commerce

Ravi Kalakota, Andrew B. Whinston

The Lorel Query Language for Semistructured Data

We present the Lorel language, designed for querying semistructured data. Semistructured data is becoming more and more prevalent, e.g., in structured dots such as HTML and when performing simple integration of data from multiple sources. Traditional...

Neural Substrates for the Effects of Rehabilitative Training on Motor Recovery After Ischemic Infarct

Substantial functional reorganization takes place in the motor cortex of adult primates after a focal ischemic infarct, as might occur in stroke. A subtotal lesion confined to a small portion of the representation of one hand was previously shown to result...

A review of target decomposition theorems in radar polarimetry

In this paper, we provide a review of the different approaches used for target decomposition theory in radar polarimetry. We classify three main types of theorem; those based on the Mueller matrix and Stokes vector, those using an eigenvector analysis...

Molecular Cloning and Disease Association of Hepatitis G Virus: A Transfusion-Transmissible Agent

An RNA virus, designated hepatitis G virus (HGV), was identified from the plasma of a patient with chronic hepatitis. Extension from an immunoreactive complementary DNA clone yielded the entire genome (9392 nucleotides) encoding a polyprotein of 2873...

The new work order : behind the language of the new capitalism

James Paul Gee, Glynda Hull, Colin Lankshear

Equivariant adaptive source separation

Source separation consists of recovering a set of independent signals when only mixtures with unknown coefficients are observed. This paper introduces a class of adaptive algorithms for source separation that implements an adaptive version of equivariant...

A comparison of models for calculating nuclear magnetic resonance shielding tensors

The direct (recomputation of two‐electron integrals) implementation of the gauge‐including atomic orbital (GIAO) and the CSGT (continuous set of gauge transformations) methods for calculating nuclear magnetic shieldingtensors at both the Hartree‐Fock...

Generation of mature dendritic cells from human blood An improved method with special regard to clinical applicability

Two methods to generate human dendritic cells from hematopoietic precursor cells in peripheral blood have recently been published. One approach utilizes the rare CD34+ precursors and GM-CSF plus TNF-α. The other method makes use of the more abundant...

Engineering green fluorescent protein for improved brightness, longer wavelengths and fluorescence resonance energy transfer

Background: Variants of the green fluorescent protein (GFP) with different colors would be very useful for simultaneous comparisons of multiple protein fates, developmental lineages and gene expression levels. The simplest way to shift the emission color...

Communication Systems and Techniques

Mischa Schwartz, William R. Bennett, S. Stein

Keying Hash Functions for Message Authentication

The use of cryptographic hash functions like MD5 or SHA-1 for message authentication has become a standard approach in many applications, particularly Internet security protocols. Though very easy to implement, these mechanisms are usually based on ad...

Regulation of rate of cartilage differentiation by Indian hedgehog and PTH-related protein

Proper regulation of chondrocyte differentiation is necessary for the morphogenesis of skeletal elements, yet little is known about the molecular regulation of this process. A chicken homolog of Indian hedgehog (Ihh), a member of the conserved Hedgehog...

Understanding Economic Policy Reform

One of the eventual consequences of the global debt crisis was a wave of market-oriented economic reforms. This paper discusses the state of our knowledge on the political economy of this process. Why were inefficient, and often unsustainable policies...

An Integrative Model for the Study of Developmental Competencies in Minority Children

Cynthia Garcia Coll, Keith Crnic, Gontran Lamberty, Renee R. Jenkins, Heidie Vázquez García, Harriet Pipes McAdoo

The Report of the Ecological Society of America Committee on the Scientific Basis for Ecosystem Management

Norman L. Christensen, Ann M. Bartuska, James H. Brown, Stephen R. Carpenter, Carla M. D'Antonio, Rober Francis, Jerry F. Franklin, James A. MacMahon, Reed F. Noss, David J. Parsons, Charles H. Peterson, Monica G. Turner, Robert G. Woodmansee

Binding of GSK3β to the APC-β-Catenin Complex and Regulation of Complex Assembly

The adenomatous polyposis coli gene ( APC ) is mutated in most colon cancers. The APC protein binds to the cellular adhesion molecule β-catenin, which is a mammalian homolog of ARMADILLO, a component of the WINGLESS signaling pathway in Drosophila development....

Optimal Capital Structure, Endogenous Bankruptcy, and the Term Structure of Credit Spreads

This paper examines the optimal capital structure of a firm which can choose both the amount and maturity of its debt. Bankruptcy is determined endogenously rather than by the imposition of a positive net worth condition or by a cash flow constraint....

Bulk parameterization of air‐sea fluxes for Tropical Ocean‐Global Atmosphere Coupled‐Ocean Atmosphere Response Experiment

Christopher W. Fairall, E. F. Bradley, David P. Rogers, James B. Edson, George S. Young

The lipocalin protein family: structure and function

The lipocalin protein family is a large group of small extracellular proteins. The family demonstrates great diversity at the sequence level; however, most lipocalins share three characteristic conserved sequence motifs, the kernel lipocalins, while a...

A validation of object-oriented design metrics as quality indicators

This paper presents the results of a study in which we empirically investigated the suite of object-oriented (OO) design metrics introduced in (Chidamber and Kemerer, 1994). More specifically, our goal is to assess these metrics as predictors of fault-prone...

Querying Heterogeneous Information Sources Using Source Descriptions

We witness a rapid increase in the number of structured information sources that are available online, especially on the WWW. These sources include commercial databases on product information, stock market information, real estate, automobiles, and entertainment....

Nucleotide sequence of the Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (HHV8)

James J. Russo, Roy A. Bohenzky, Ming-Cheng Chien, Jing Chen, Ming Yan, Dawn Maddalena, J. Preston Parry, Daniela Peruzzi, Isidore S. Edelman, Yuan Chang, Patrick S. Moore

Ecological immunology: costly parasite defences and trade-offs in evolutionary ecology

In the face of continuous threats from parasites, hosts have evolved an elaborate series of preventative and controlling measures - the immune system - in order to reduce the fitness costs of paras ...

Empirics for economic growth and convergence

The convergence hypothesis has generated a huge empirical literature: this paper critically reviews some of the earlier key ndings, claries their implications, and relates them to more recent results. Particular atten- tion is devoted to interpreting...

Molecular control of vertebrate iron metabolism: mRNA-based regulatory circuits operated by iron, nitric oxide, and oxidative stress

As anessential nutrient anda potential toxin, ironposes anexquisite regulatory problem inbiology andmedicine. Atthecellular level, thebasicmolecular framework fortheregulation ofironuptake, storage, and utilization hasbeendefined. Twocytoplasmic RNA-binding...

Multi-user detection for DS-CDMA communications

Direct-sequence code-division multiple access (DS-CDMA) is a popular wireless technology. In DS-CDMA communications, all of the users' signals overlap in time and frequency and cause mutual interference. The conventional DS-CDMA detector follows a single-user...

Knowledge and the firm: Overview

J.-C. Spender, Robert M. Grant

Interaction of Nitric Oxide Synthase with the Postsynaptic Density Protein PSD-95 and α1-Syntrophin Mediated by PDZ Domains

Neuronal nitric oxide synthase (nNOS) is concentrated at synaptic junctions in brain and motor endplates in skeletal muscle. Here, we show that the N-terminus of nNOS, which contains a PDZ protein motif, interacts with similar motifs in postsynaptic density–95...

FOREIGN ENTRY, CULTURAL BARRIERS, AND LEARNING

This paper examines the longevity of foreign entries. Hypotheses are developed on the mode (start-ups vs. acquisitions) and ownership structure (wholly owned vs. joint ventures) in relation to cultural distance. The hypotheses are tested within a framework...

Enhanced Growth of Mice Lacking the Cyclin-Dependent Kinase Inhibitor Function of p27Kip1

Disruption of the cyclin-dependent kinase–inhibitory domain of p27 enhances growth of mice. Growth is attributed to an increase in cell number, due to increased cell proliferation, most obviously in tissues that ordinarily express p27 at the highest...

The robust estimation of multiple motions: parametric and piecewise-smooth flow fields

Most approaches for estimating optical flow assume that, within a finite image region, only a single motion is present. Thissingle motion assumptionis violated in common situations involving transparency, depth discontinuities, independently moving objects,...

A Method for Assessing Hydrologic Alteration within Ecosystems

Brian D. Richter, Jeffrey V. Baumgartner, Jennifer Powell, David Braun

Channel assignment schemes for cellular mobile telecommunication systems: a comprehensive survey

This article provides a detailed discussion of wireless resource and channel allocation schemes. The authors provide a survey of a large number of published papers in the area of fixed, dynamic, and hybrid allocation schemes and compare their trade-offs...

Loss of morphine-induced analgesia, reward effect and withdrawal symptoms in mice lacking the |[micro]|-opioid-receptor gene

Rafael Maldonado, Frédéric Simonin, Susan Slowe, Ian Kitchen, Katia Befort, Marianne Le Meur, Pascal Dollé, Eleni T. Tzavara, Jacques Hanoune, Bernard P. Roques, Brigitte L. Kieffer

A Syndrome of Multiorgan Hyperplasia with Features of Gigantism, Tumorigenesis, and Female Sterility in p27Kip1-Deficient Mice

Targeted disruption of the murine p27 Kip1 gene caused a gene dose–dependent increase in animal size without other gross morphologic abnormalities. All tissues were enlarged and contained more cells, although endocrine abnormalities were not evident....

Microbial decolorization of textile-dyecontaining effluents: A review

Water-pollution control is presently one of the major areas of scientific activity. While coloured organic compounds generally impart only a minor fraction of the organic load to wastewater their colour renders them aesthetically unacceptable. Effluent...

The Kindness of Strangers: The Usefulness of Electronic Weak Ties for Technical Advice

use weak ties—relationships with acquaintances or strangers—to seek help unavailable from friends or col- leagues. Yet in the absence of personal relationships or the expectation of direct reciprocity, help from weak ties might not be forthcoming...

Functions of Ceramide in Coordinating Cellular Responses to Stress

Sphingolipid metabolites participate in key events of signal transduction and cell regulation. In the sphingomyelin cycle, a number of extracellular agents and insults (such as tumor necrosis factor, Fas ligands, and chemotherapeutic agents) cause the...

Another Puzzle: The Growth in Actively Managed Mutual Funds

Mutual funds represent one of the fastest growing type of financial intermediary in the American economy. The question remains as to why mutual funds and in par- ticular actively managed mutual funds have grown so fast, when their performance on average...

Regulation of transcription by MAP kinase cascades

Kinases belonging to the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) family are used throughout evolution to control the cellular responses to external signals such as growth factors, nutrient status, stress or inductive signals. Many important substrates...

A p300/CBP-associated factor that competes with the adenoviral oncoprotein E1A

Xiang-Jiao Yang, Vasily Ogryzko, Nishikawa J, Bruce H. Howard, Yoshihiro Nakatani

T cell interleukin-17 induces stromal cells to produce proinflammatory and hematopoietic cytokines.

François Fossiez, O Djossou, Pascale Chomarat, L Flores-Romo, Smina Ait-Yahia, C Maat, Jiang Pin, Pierre Garrone, Eric Garcia, Sem Saeland, D Blanchard, C Gaillard, B Das Mahapatra, E Rouvier, P Golstein, Jacques Banchereau, Serge Lebecque

The role of xanthophyll cycle carotenoids in the protection of photosynthesis

The use of solar energy in photosynthesis depends on the ability to safely dissipate excess energy. The key dissipation process employed by plants in their natural environment is mediated by a particular group of carotenoids. Multiple levels of control...

Achieving 100% throughput in an input-queued switch

It is well known that head-of-line blocking limits the throughput of an input-queued switch with first-in-first-out (FIFO) queues. Under certain conditions, the throughput can be shown to be limited to approximately 58.6%. It is also known that if non-FIFO...

The natural history of pollination.

Michael C. F. Proctor, Yeo Pb, Andrew Lack

Growth, Income Distribution, and Democracy: What the Data Say

This paper investigates the relationship between income distribution, democratic institutions, and growth. It does so by addressing three main issues: the properties and reliability of the income distribution data, the robustness of the reduced form relationships...

Proton conductivity: Materials and applications

In this review the phenomenon of proton conductivity in materials and the elements of proton conduction mechanismsproton transfer, structural reorganization and diffusional motion of extended moietiesare discussed with special emphasis on proton chemistry....

The NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children Version 2.3 (DISC-2.3): Description, Acceptability, Prevalence Rates, and Performance in the MECA Study

ObjectiveTo describe the NIMH Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC) Version 2.3 and to provide data on its performance characteristics in the Methods for the Epidemiology of Child and Adolescent Mental Disorders (MECA) Study.MethodData were...

4-Year COBE DMR Cosmic Microwave Background Observations: Maps and Basic Results

In this Letter we present a summary of the spatial properties of the cosmic microwave background radiation based on the full 4 yr ofCOBEDifferential Microwave Radiometer (DMR) observations, with additional details in a set of companion Letters. The anisotropy...

X-ray and NMR structure of human Bcl-xL, an inhibitor of programmed cell death.

Steven W. Muchmore, Sattler M, Heng Liang, Robert Meadows, J.E Harlan, Ho Sup Yoon, David G. Nettesheim, Brian S. Chang, Craig B. Thompson, S.L Wong, S. L. Ng, Stephen W. Fesik

Image representation using 2D Gabor wavelets

This paper extends to two dimensions the frame criterion developed by Daubechies for one-dimensional wavelets, and it computes the frame bounds for the particular case of 2D Gabor wavelets. Completeness criteria for 2D Gabor image representations are...

Thermal field theory

Le Bellac, Michel

Filled Skutterudite Antimonides: A New Class of Thermoelectric Materials

A class of thermoelectric materials has been synthesized with a thermoelectric figure of merit ZT (where T is temperature and Z is a function of thermopower, electrical resistivity, and thermal conductivity) near 1 at 800 kelvin. Although these materials...

Motivated Closing of the Mind: "Seizing" and "Freezing"

A theoretical framework is outlined in which the key construct is the need for (nonspecific) cognitive closure. The need for closure is a desire for definite knowledge on some issue. It represents a dimen­ sion of stable individual differences as well...

Evolutionary algorithms for constrained parameter optimization problems

Evolutionary computation techniques have received a great deal of attention regarding their potential as optimization techniques for complex numerical functions. However, they have not produced a significant breakthrough in the area of nonlinear programming...

Phase II study of weekly intravenous recombinant humanized anti-p185HER2 monoclonal antibody in patients with HER2/neu-overexpressing metastatic breast cancer.

José Baselga, Debasish Tripathy, J Mendelsohn, S. A. Baughman, Christopher C. Benz, L Dantis, Nancy Sklarin, Andrew D. Seidman, Clifford A. Hudis, J Moore, Paul Peter Rosen, T. Twaddell, I. C. Henderson, Larry Norton

Relation Between Folate Status, a Common Mutation in Methylenetetrahydrofolate Reductase, and Plasma Homocysteine Concentrations

Background Methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) synthesizes 5-methyltetrahydrofolate, the major carbon donor in remethylation of homocysteine to methionine. A common MTHFR mutation, an alanine-to-valine substitution, renders the enzyme thermolabile...

Interleukin 5 deficiency abolishes eosinophilia, airways hyperreactivity, and lung damage in a mouse asthma model.

Summary Airways inflammation is thought to play a central role in the pathogenesis of asthma. However, the precise role that individual inflammatory cells and mediators play in the development of airways hyperreactivity and the morphological changes of...

Household Saving: Micro Theories and Micro Facts

In this survey, we review the recent theoretical and empirical literature on household saving and consumption. The discussion is structured around a list of motives for saving and how well the standard theory captures these motives. We show that almost...

Targeted Disruption of the Stat1 Gene in Mice Reveals Unexpected Physiologic Specificity in the JAK-STAT Signaling Pathway

The JAK–STAT signaling pathway has been implicated in mediating biologic responses induced by many cytokines. However, cytokines that promote distinct cellular responses often activate identical STAT proteins, thereby raising the question of how specificity...

Technology, Employment, and the Business Cycle: Do Technology Shocks Explain Aggregate Fluctuations?

Using data for the G7 countries, conditional correlations of employment and productivity are estimated, based on a decomposition of the two series into technology and non-technology components. The picture that emerges is hard to reconcile with the predictions...

Male reproductive health and environmental xenoestrogens.

EHP is a publication of the U.S. government. Publication of EHP lies in the public domain and is therefore without copyright.Research articles from EHP may be used freely; however, articles from the News section of EHP may contain photographs or figures...

Enhancing teaching through constructive alignment

Two lines of thinking are becoming increasingly important in higher education- al practice. The first derives from constructivist learning theory, and the second from the instructional design literature. Constructivism comprises a family of theories but...

An oxysterol signalling pathway mediated by the nuclear receptor LXR|[alpha]|

Bethany A Janowski, Patricia J. Willy, T. R. Devi, J. R. Falck, David J. Mangelsdorf

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