CiteWeb

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Publications in 1996

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The Emotional Stroop Task and Psychopathology

J. Mark, Andrew Mathews, Colin MacLeod

The progression from hypertension to congestive heart failure.

Objective. —To study the relative and population-attributable risks of hypertension for the development of congestive heart failure (CHF), to assess the time course of progression from hypertension to CHF, and to identify risk factors that contribute...

Cognition in Practice

How may we conceive of cognition in practice? What kind of thinking and reflection animate the accomplishment of action? These problems are usually settled by an intellectualist argument: to perform an action is mainly to execute decisions, to carry out...

Resource-based View of Strategic Alliance Formation: Strategic and Social Effects in Entrepreneurial Firms

Why do firms form strategic alliances? The traditional theoretical answer has been transaction cost explanations. Yet, these explanations which center on transaction characteristics, static efficiency, and routine situations do not capture the strategic...

Ab initio study of solvated molecules: a new implementation of the polarizable continuum model

We have implemented an efficient version of the polarizable continuum solvation model in the GAUSSIAN94 package. This version exploits a new definition of surface elements area, and a direct formulation of the electrostatic self-consistent problem. Non-electrostatic...

The population genetic consequences of habitat fragmentation for plants

Habitat fragmentation reduces the size and increases the spatial isolation of plant populations. Initial predictions have been that such changes will be accompanied by an erosion of genetic variation and increased interpopulation genetic divergence due...

The theory of hybrid automata

We summarize several recent results about hybrid automata. Our goal is to demonstrate that concepts from the theory of discrete concurrent systems can give insights into partly continuous systems, and that methods for the verification of finite-state...

Structural and Functional Aspects of Metal Sites in Biology

R. H. Holm, P. Kennepohl, Edward I. Solomon

Distance education : a systems view

Michael G. Moore, Greg Kearsley

A receptor in pituitary and hypothalamus that functions in growth hormone release

Small synthetic molecules termed growth hormone secretagogues (GHSs) act on the pituitary gland and the hypothalamus to stimulate and amplify pulsatile growth hormone (GH) release. A heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein (G protein)-coupled receptor (GPC-R)...

SEISMIC DESIGN AND RETROFIT OF BRIDGES

Mjn Priestley, Gian Michele Calvi

Curves and Surfaces for Computer-Aided Geometric Design: A Practical Code

From the Publisher:This book will be of interest to computer graphics enthusiasts, software developers for CAD/CAM systems, geometric modeling researchers, graphics programmers, academicians, and many others throughout the graphics community. Assuming...

A Fast Flexible Docking Method using an Incremental Construction Algorithm

We present an automatic method for docking organic ligands into protein binding sites. The method can be used in the design process of specific protein ligands. It combines an appropriate model of the physico-chemical properties of the docked molecules...

M theory as a matrix model: A Conjecture

: We suggest and motivate a precise equivalence between uncompactified eleven dimensional M-theory and the N = infinity limit of the supersymmetric matrix quantum mechanics describing D0-branes. The evidence for the conjecture consists of several correspondences...

Two decades of array signal processing research: the parametric approach

The quintessential goal of sensor array signal processing is the estimation of parameters by fusing temporal and spatial information, captured via sampling a wavefield with a set of judiciously placed antenna sensors. The wavefield is assumed to be generated...

Investigation of equilibria in solution. Determination of equilibrium constants with the HYPERQUAD suite of programs.

A new suite of 10 programs concerned with equilibrium constants and solution equilibria is described. The suite includes data preparation programs, pretreatment programs, equilibrium constant refinement and post-run analysis. Data preparation is facilitated...

The economics of networks

We analyze the salient features of networks and point out the similarities between the economic structure of networks and the structure of vertically related industries. The analysis focuses on positive consumption and production externalities, commonly...

An introduction to modal logic

G. E. Hughes, M. J. Cresswell

Data mining: an overview from a database perspective

Mining information and knowledge from large databases has been recognized by many researchers as a key research topic in database systems and machine learning, and by many industrial companies as an important area with an opportunity of major revenues....

TRADD-TRAF2 and TRADD-FADD Interactions Define Two Distinct TNF Receptor 1 Signal Transduction Pathways

Tumor necrosis factor (TNF) can induce apoptosis and activate NF-κB through signaling cascades emanating from TNF receptor 1 (TNFR1). TRADD is a TNFR1-associated signal transducer that is involved in activating both pathways. Here we show that TRADD...

The KDD process for extracting useful knowledge from volumes of data

Usama Fayyad, Gregory Piatetsky-Shapiro, Padhraic Smyth

A Unified Statistical Approach for Determining Significant Signals in Images of Cerebral Activation

We present a unified statistical theory for assessing the significance of apparent signal observed in noisy difference images. The results are usable in a wide range of applications, including NRI, but are discussed with particular reference to PET images...

Numerical distribution functions for unit root and cointegration tests

This paper employs response surface regressions based on simulation experiments to calculate distribution functions for some well-known unit root and cointegration test statistics. The principal contributions of the paper are a set of data files that...

Simplified Reference Tissue Model for PET Receptor Studies

The reference tissue model allows for quantification of receptor kinetics without measuring the arterial input function, thus avoiding arterial cannulation and time-consuming metabolite measurements. The model contains four parameters, of which the binding...

Requirement for ceramide-initiated SAPK/JNK signalling in stress-induced apoptosis

Ron Bose, Xin Hua Lin, Bei Yao, W. David Jarvis, Steven Grant, Michael J. Birrer, Eva Szabo, Leonard I. Zon, John M. Kyriakis, Adriana Haimovitz-Friedman, Richard Kolesnick

Deformable models in medical image analysis: a survey.

This article surveys deformable models, a promising and vigorously researched computerassisted medical image analysis technique. Among model-based techniques, deformable models offer a unique and powerful approach to image analysis that combines geometry,...

Organizing Care for Patients with Chronic Illness

Edward H. Wagner, Brian T. Austin, Michael Von Korff

A Meta-Analytic Examination of the Correlates of the Three Dimensions of Job Burnout

This meta-analysis examined how demand and resource correlates and behavioral and attitudinal correlates were related to each of the 3 dimensions of job burnout. Both the demand and resource correlates were more strongly related to emotional exhaustion...

Out of Control: Visceral Influences on Behavior

Understanding discrepancies between behavior and perceived self-interest has been one of the major, but largely untackled, theoretical challenges confronting decision theory from its infancy to the present. People often act against their self-interest...

A sense of self for Unix processes

A method for anomaly detection is introduced in which ``normal'' is defined by short-range correlations in a process' system calls. Initial experiments suggest that the definition is stable during normal behavior for standard UNIX programs. Further, it...

Introduction to the Theory of Computation

From the Publisher:Michael Sipser's philosophy in writing this book is simple: make the subject interesting and relevant, and the students will learn. His emphasis on unifying computer science theory - rather than offering a collection of low-level details...

Total carbon and nitrogen in the soils of the world

Summary The soil is important in sequestering atmospheric C02 and in emitting trace gases (e.g. C02, C€L, and N20) that are radiatively active and enhance the ‘greenhouse’ effect. Land use changes and predicted global warming, through their effects...

CDNA CLONING AND EXPRESSION OF A NOVEL ADIPOSE SPECIFIC COLLAGEN-LIKE FACTOR, APM1 (ADIPOSE MOST ABUNDANT GENE TRANSCRIPT 1)

Kazuhisa Maeda, Kousaku Okubo, Iichiro Shimomura, Tohru Funahashi, Yuji Matsuzawa, Kenichi Matsubara

Motion control for advanced mechatronics

Motion control is now recognized as a key technology in mechatronics. The robustness of motion control will be represented as a function of stiffness and a basis for practical realization. Target of motion is parameterized by control stiffness which could...

XTcf-3 Transcription Factor Mediates β-Catenin-Induced Axis Formation in Xenopus Embryos

XTcf-3 is a maternally expressed Xenopus homolog of the mammalian HMG box factors Tcf-1 and Lef-1. The N-terminus of XTcf-3 binds to β-catenin. Microinjection of XTcf-3 mRNA in embryos results in nuclear translocation of β-catenin. The β-catenin–XTcf-3...

Handbook of software reliability engineering

Handbook of software reliability engineering

Multirate Digital Signal Processing

From the Publisher:This title is no longer being mass-produced. It is now being printed on demand by the publisher. While this process keeps information readily available, the print quality of these books is generally that of a copier and not of a normal...

A Pedagogy of Multiliteracies: Designing Social Futures

THE NEW LONDON GROUP 1 In this article, the New London Group presents a theoretical overoiew of the connec­ tions between the changing social environment facing students and teachers and a new approach to literacy pedagogy that they call "multiliteracies....

Large-scale synthesis of aligned carbon nanotubes

Large-scale synthesis of aligned carbon nanotubes was achieved by using a method based on chemical vapor deposition catalyzed by iron nanoparticles embedded in mesoporous silica. Scanning electron microscope images show that the nanotubes are approximately...

Electrophysiological studies of face perception in humans

Event-related potentials (ERPs) associated with face perception were recorded with scalp electrodes from normal volunteers. Subjects performed a visual target detection task in which they mentally counted the number of occurrences of pictorial stimuli...

Diffusion tensor MR imaging of the human brain.

PURPOSE: To assess intrinsic properties of water diffusion in normal human brain by using quantitative parameters derived from the diffusion tensor, D, which are insensitive to patient orientation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Maps of the principal diffusivities...

The Spemann Organizer Signal noggin Binds and Inactivates Bone Morphogenetic Protein 4

Signals released by the Spemann organizer of the amphibian gastrula can directly induce neural tissue from ectoderm and can dorsalize ventral mesoderm to form muscle. The secreted polypeptide noggin mimics these activities and is expressed at the appropriate...

Inequality and Growth

Using two unifying models and an empirical exercise, this paper presents and extends the main theories linking income distribution and growth, as well the relevant empirical evidence.

SAFE AND CONVENIENT PROCEDURE FOR SOLVENT PURIFICATION

This contribution describes a general method for the purification of solvents for use with air and moisture sensitive reactions. This procedure provides a nonhazardous alternative to distillations and vacuum transfers and does not require undue supervision...

Familial Hemiplegic Migraine and Episodic Ataxia Type-2 Are Caused by Mutations in the Ca2+ Channel Gene CACNL1A4

Genes for familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM) and episodic ataxia type-2 (EA-2) have been mapped to chromosome 19p13. We characterized a brain-specific P/Q-type Ca 2+ channel α1-subunit gene, CACNL1A4, covering 300 kb with 47 exons. Sequencing of all...

AML1, the target of multiple chromosomal translocations in human leukemia, is essential for normal fetal liver hematopoiesis.

The AML1–CBFβ transcription factor is the most frequent target of chromosomal rearrangements in human leukemia. To investigate its normal function, we generated mice lacking AML1. Embryos with homozygous mutations in AML1 showed normal morphogenesis...

Currency crashes in emerging markets: an empirical treatment

We use a panel of annual data for over one hundred developing countries from 1971 through 1992 to characterize currency crashes. We define a currency crash as a large change of the nominal exchange rate that is also a substantial increase in the rate...

Random-Matrix Theory of Quantum Transport

This is a review of the statistical properties of the scattering matrix of a mesoscopic system. Two geometries are contrasted: A quantum dot and a disordered wire. The quantum dot is a confined region with a chaotic classical dynamics, which is coupled...

Large magnetic‐field‐induced strains in Ni2MnGa single crystals

Strains of nearly 0.2% have been induced along [001] in unstressed crystals of Ni2MnGa with magnetic fields of 8 kOe applied at 265 K. These stains are associated with the superelastic motion of twin boundaries in the martensitic phase...

The CXC chemokine SDF-1 is the ligand for LESTR/fusin and prevents infection by T-cell-line-adapted HIV-1

Estelle Oberlin, Amara A, F. Bachelerie, Christine Bessia, Jean-Louis Virelizier, Fernando Arenzana-Seisdedos, O. Schwartz, J.-M. Heard, Ian Clark-Lewis, Daniel F. Legler, Marcel Loetscher, Marco Baggiolini, Bernhard Moser

Fractionally integrated generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity

The new class of Fractionally Integrated Generalized AutoRegressive Conditionally Heteroskedastic (FIGARCH) processes is introduced. The conditional variance of the process implies a slow hyperbolic rate of decay for the influence of lagged squared innovations....

An ambulatory surgical procedure under local anesthesia for treatment of female urinary incontinence.

An ambulatory surgical procedure under local anesthesia for treatment of female urinary incontinence.

Signal processing

We survey signal processing algorithms that are being and will be applied to wireless communications systems, with particular reference to developments reported in VTC '96 signal processing sessions. Major trends are reviewed, in particular low bit rate...

Nonlocal Boundary Layer Vertical Diffusion in a Medium-Range Forecast Model

In this paper, the incorporation of a simple atmospheric boundary layer diffusion scheme into the NCEP Medium-Range Forecast Model is described. A boundary layer diffusion package based on the Troen and Mahrt nonlocal diffusion concept has been tested...

Is it an Agent, or Just a Program?: A Taxonomy for Autonomous Agents

The advent of software agents gave rise to much discussion of just what such an agent is, and of how they differ from programs in general. Here we propose a formal definition of an autonomous agent which clearly distinguishes a software agent from just...

Reopening the Convergence Debate: A New Look at Cross-Country Growth Empirics

There are two sources of inconsistency in existing cross-country empirical work on growth: correlated individual effects and endogenous explanatory variables. We estimate a variety of cross-country growth regressions using a generalized method of moments...

RAGE and amyloid-beta peptide neurotoxicity in Alzheimer's disease.

Shi Du Yan, Xi Chen, Jin Fu, Ming Chen, Huaijie Zhu, Alex Roher, Timothy Slattery, Lei Zhao, Mariko Nagashima, John Morser, Antonio Migheli, Peter P. Nawroth, David M. Stern, Ann Marie Schmidt

Plant roots: the hidden half

Y. Waisel, Amram Eshel, U. Kafkafi

Ligation of CD40 on dendritic cells triggers production of high levels of interleukin-12 and enhances T cell stimulatory capacity: T-T help via APC activation.

Summary We investigated the possibility that T helper cells might enhance the stimulatory function of dendritic cells (DCs). We found that ligation of CD40 by CD40L triggers the production of extremely high levels ofbioactive IL-12. Other stimuli such...

Dissection of TNF Receptor 1 Effector Functions: JNK Activation Is Not Linked to Apoptosis While NF-κB Activation Prevents Cell Death

Through its type 1 receptor (TNFR1), the cytokine TNF elicits an unusually wide range of biological responses, including inflammation, tumor necrosis, cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis. We investigated how TNFR1 activates different effector...

Peculiar Localized State at Zigzag Graphite Edge

Mitsutaka Fujita, Katsunori Wakabayashi, Kyoko Nakada, Koichi Kusakabe

Mining quantitative association rules in large relational tables

We introduce the problem of mining association rules in large relational tables containing both quantitative and categorical attributes. An example of such an association might be "10% of married people between age 50 and 60 have at least 2 cars". We...

Macintosh Program performs time‐series analysis

Didier Paillard, Laurent Labeyrie, Pascal Yiou

Friedreich's Ataxia: Autosomal Recessive Disease Caused by an Intronic GAA Triplet Repeat Expansion

Friedreich's ataxia (FRDA) is an autosomal recessive, degenerative disease that involves the central and peripheral nervous systems and the heart. A gene, X25 , was identified in the critical region for the FRDA locus on chromosome 9q13. The gene encodes...

Experiential Avoidance and Behavioral Disorders: A Functional Dimensional Approach to Diagnosis and Treatment

Syndromal classification is a well-developed diagnostic system but has failed to deliver on its promise of the identification of functional pathological processes. Functional analysis is tightly connected to treatment but has failed to develop testable....

Spatio-temporal coding for wireless communications

Multipath signal propagation has long been viewed as an impairment to reliable communication in wireless channels. This paper shows that the presence of multipath greatly improves achievable data rate if the appropriate communication structure is employed....

Positional cloning of a novel potassium channel gene: KVLQT1 mutations cause cardiac arrhythmias.

Qing Wang, Mark E. Curran, Igor Splawski, T.C. Burn, John M. Millholland, T.J. VanRaay, Jiaxiang Shen, Katherine W. Timothy, G.M. Vincent, T. de Jager, Peter J. Schwartz, Jeffrey A. Towbin, Arthur J. Moss, Donald L. Atkinson, G.M. Landes, Timothy D. Connors, Mark T. Keating

Long-term acceptance of skin and cardiac allografts after blocking CD40 and CD28 pathways.

Christian P. Larsen, Eric T. Elwood, Diane Z. Alexander, Hendrix R, Carol Tucker-Burden, Hong Rae Cho, Alejandro Aruffo, Diane Hollenbaugh, P S Linsley, Kevin J. Winn, Thomas C. Pearson

Using redundant internal coordinates to optimize equilibrium geometries and transition states

Chunyang Peng, Philippe Y. Ayala, H. Bernhard Schlegel, Michael J. Frisch

Entry, Exit, Growth, and Innovation over the Product Life Cycle

Regularities concerning how entry, exit, market structure, and innovation vary from the birth of technologically progressive industries through maturity are summarized. A model emphasizing differences in firm innovative capabilities and the importance...

INFERENCE WHEN A NUISANCE PARAMETER IS NOT IDENTIFIED UNDER THE NULL HYPOTHESIS

The authors study the asymptotic distribution of econometric tests involving nuisance parameters that are not identified under the null hypotheses. In general, the asymptotic distributions depend upon a large number of unknown parameters. The authors...

Inflation Forecast Targeting: Implementing and Monitoring Inflation Targets

The paper discusses the implementation of inflation-targeting across countries. It argues that the intermediate variable under an inflation target is, in effect, the inflation forecast. Such a regime is shown to confer benefits over other regimes, such...

Obesity/insulin resistance is associated with endothelial dysfunction. Implications for the syndrome of insulin resistance.

Helmut O. Steinberg, H Chaker, R Leaming, A Johnson, Ginger Brechtel, Alain D. Baron

B lymphocytes secrete antigen-presenting vesicles.

Summary Antigen-presenting cells contain a specialized late endocytic compartment, MIIC (major histocompatibility complex [MHC] class II-enriched compartment), that harbors newly synthesized MHC class II molecules in transit to the plasma membrane. MIICs...

Networks versus Markets in International Trade

I propose a network/search view of international trade in differentiated products. I present evidence that supports the view that proximity and common language/colonial ties are more important for differentiated products than for products traded on organized...

Contagious Currency Crises

Barry Eichengreen, Andrew K. Rose, Charles Wyplosz

Accessing Genetic Information with High-Density DNA Arrays

Rapid access to genetic information is central to the revolution taking place in molecular genetics. The simultaneous analysis of the entire human mitochondrial genome is described here. DNA arrays containing up to 135,000 probes complementary to the...

Trust in Large Organizations

Several authors suggest that trust is an important determinant of cooperation between strangers in a society, and therefore of performance of social institutions. We argue that trust should be particularly important for the performance of large organizations....

Errors in protein structures

Rob W. W. Hooft, Gert Vriend, Chris Sander, Enrique E. Abola

Using discriminant eigenfeatures for image retrieval

This paper describes the automatic selection of features from an image training set using the theories of multidimensional discriminant analysis and the associated optimal linear projection. We demonstrate the effectiveness of these most discriminating...

Multi-modal volume registration by maximization of mutual information

A new information-theoretic approach is presented for finding the registration of volumetric medical images of differing modalities. Registration is achieved by adjustment of the relative position and orientation until the mutual information between the...

Total Antioxidant Capacity of Fruits

The total antioxidant activity of 12 fruits and 5 commercial fruit juices was measured in this study using automated oxygen radical absorbance capacity (ORAC) assay. On the basis of the wet weight of the fruits (edible portion), strawberry had the highest...

Catalytic Chemistry of Heteropoly Compounds

This chapter describes the essence of the catalytic chemistry of heteropoly compounds in solution and in the solid state. The catalytic properties of heteropoly compounds have drawn wide attention, owing to the versatility of these compounds as catalysts,...

Enhancement of antitumor immunity by CTLA-4 blockade.

One reason for the poor immunogenicity of many tumors may be that they cannot provide signals for CD28-mediated costimulation necessary to fully activate T cells. It has recently become apparent that CTLA-4, a second counterreceptor for the B7 family...

Toward a quantitative assessment of diffusion anisotropy

Indices of diffusion anisotropy calculated from diffusion coefficients acquired in two or three perpendicular directions are rotationally variant. In living monkey brain, these indices severely underestimate the degree of diffusion anisotropy. New indices...

The impact of environmental management on firm performance

Environmental management has the potential to play a pivotal role in the financial performance of the firm. Many individuals suggest that profitability is hurt by the higher production costs of environmental management initiatives, while others cite anecdotal...

Isolation of Angiopoietin-1, a Ligand for the TIE2 Receptor, by Secretion-Trap Expression Cloning

TIE2 is a receptor-like tyrosine kinase expressed almost exclusively in endothelial cells and early hemopoietic cells and required for the normal development of vascular structures during embryogenesis. We report the identification of a secreted ligand...

A novel vascular endothelial growth factor, VEGF-C, is a ligand for the Flt4 (VEGFR-3) and KDR (VEGFR-2) receptor tyrosine kinases.

Vladimir Joukov, Katri Pajusola, Arja Kaipainen, D Chilov, Lahtinen I, Eola Kukk, Olli Saksela, Nisse Kalkkinen, Kari Alitalo

IMPULSE RESPONSE ANALYSIS IN NONLINEAR MULTIVARIATE MODELS

This paper presents a unified approach to impulse response analysis which can be used for both linear and nonlinear multivariate models. After discussing the advantages and disadvantages of traditional impulse response functions for nonlinear models,...

Rationale for mixing exact exchange with density functional approximations

Density functional approximations for the exchange‐correlation energy E DFA xc of an electronic system are often improved by admixing some exact exchange E x: E xc≊E DFA xc+(1/n)(E x−E DFA x). This procedure is justified when the error in E DFA...

Structure of staphylococcal alpha-hemolysin, a heptameric transmembrane pore.

The structure of the Staphylococcus aureus α-hemolysin pore has been determined to 1.9 A resolution. Contained within the mushroom-shaped homo-oligomeric heptamer is a solvent-filled channel, 100 A in length, that runs along the sevenfold axis and ranges...

Linear Systems Analysis of Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Human V1

The linear transform model of functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) hypothesizes that fMRI responses are proportional to local average neural activity averaged over a period of time. This work reports results from three empirical tests that support...

Coassembly of KVLQT1 and minK (IsK) proteins to form cardiac IKS potassium channel

Michael C. Sanguinetti, Mark E. Curran, Zou A, Shen J, Peter S. Spector, Atkinson Dl, Mark T. Keating

Assessing agreement on classification tasks: the kappa statistic

Currently, computational linguists and cognitive scientists working in the area of discourse and dialogue argue that their subjective judgments are reliable using several different statistics, none of which are easily interpretable or comparable to each...

Blood pressure and end stage renal disease in men

Background End-stage renal disease in the United States creates a large burden for both individuals and society as a whole. Efforts to prevent the condition require an understanding of modifiable risk factors. Methods We assessed the development of end-stage...

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