CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 1996

Page 3
IP Mobility Support

This document specifies protocol enhancements that allow transparent routing of IP datagrams to mobile nodes in the Internet. Each mobile node is always identified by its home address, regardless of its current point of attachment to the Internet. While...

A New Equation of State for Carbon Dioxide Covering the Fluid Region from the Triple‐Point Temperature to 1100 K at Pressures up to 800 MPa

This work reviews the available data on thermodynamic properties of carbon dioxide and presents a new equation of state in the form of a fundamental equation explicit in the Helmholtz free energy. The function for the residual part of the Helmholtz free...

What Americans know about politics and why it matters

Michael X. Delli Carpini, Scott Keeter

A nonequilibrium equality for free energy differences

An expression is derived for the classical free energy difference between two configurations of a system, in terms of an ensemble of finite-time measurements of the work performed in parametrically switching from one configuration to the other. Two well-known...

Randomised study of screening for colorectal cancer with faecal-occult-blood test

Summary Background Case-control studies and a voluntary-based follow-up study have suggested that repeated screening with faecal-occult-blood (FOB) tests can lead to a reduction in mortality from colorectal cancer (CRC). The aim of this randomised study...

Understanding normal and impaired word reading: computational principles in quasi-regular domains.

We develop a connectionist approach to processing in quasi-regular domains, as exemplifiedby English word reading. A consideration of the shortcomings of a previous implementation (Seidenberg & McClelland, 1989, Psych. Rev.) in reading nonwords leads...

Understanding Radical Organizational Change: Bringing Together the Old and the New Institutionalism

The complexity of political, regulatory, and technological changes confronting most organizations has made radical organizational change and adaptation a central research issue. This article sets out a framework for understanding organizational changes...

Iterative decoding of binary block and convolutional codes

Iterative decoding of two-dimensional systematic convolutional codes has been termed "turbo" (de)coding. Using log-likelihood algebra, we show that any decoder can be used which accepts soft inputs-including a priori values-and delivers soft outputs that...

An approach to fuzzy control of nonlinear systems: stability and design issues

Presents a design methodology for stabilization of a class of nonlinear systems. First, the authors represent a nonlinear plant with a Takagi-Sugeno fuzzy model. Then a model-based fuzzy controller design utilizing the concept of the so-called "parallel...

Development of an upper extremity outcome measure: The DASH (disabilities of the arm, shoulder, and head)

This paper describes the development of an evaluative outcome measure for patients with upper extremity musculoskeletal conditions. The goal is to produce a brief, self-administered measure of symptoms and functional status, with a focus on physical function,...

The Empirical Case for Two Systems of Reasoning

Distinctions have been proposed between systems of reasoning for centuries. This article distills properties shared by many of these distinctions and characterizes the resulting systems in light of recent findings and theoretical developments. One system...

Long-term lymphohematopoietic reconstitution by a single CD34-low/negative hematopoietic stem cell

Hematopoietic stem cells (HSCs) supply all blood cells throughout life by making use of their self-renewal and multilineage differentiation capabilities. A monoclonal antibody raised to the mouse homolog of CD34 (mCD34) was used to purify mouse HSCs to...

Data mining: an overview from a database perspective

Mining information and knowledge from large databases has been recognized by many researchers as a key research topic in database systems and machine learning, and by many industrial companies as an important area with an opportunity of major revenues....

GPOWER: A general power analysis program

weaknesses of existing power analysis tools. In the second part ofthis article, GPOWER, a new power analy­ sis program, is presented as an alternative. We report GPOWER's algorithms and their precision. The final part ofthe paper describes the scope,...

Synthesis and characterization of strongly luminescing ZnS-capped CdSe nanocrystals

We describe the synthesis of ZnS-capped CdSe semiconductor nanocrystals using organometallic reagents by a two-step single-flask method. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy and optical absorption are consistent with nanocrystals...

Defects of B-cell lymphopoiesis and bone-marrow myelopoiesis in mice lacking the CXC chemokine PBSF/SDF-1

Takashi Nagasawa, Seiichi Hirota, Kazunobu Tachibana, Nobuyuki Takakura, Shin-Ichi Nishikawa, Yukihiko Kitamura, Nobuaki Yoshida, Hitoshi Kikutani, Tadamitsu Kishimoto

Organization of 'nanocrystal molecules' using DNA

A. Paul Alivisatos, Kai Johnsson, Xiaogang Peng, Troy E. Wilson, Colin J. Loweth, Peter G. Schultz

SPIDER and WEB: processing and visualization of images in 3D electron microscopy and related fields.

The SPIDER system has evolved into a comprehensive tool set for image processing, making use of modern graphics interfacing in the VMS and UNIX environment. SPIDER and WEB handle the complementary tasks of batch processing and visualization of the results....

DNA recovery from soils of diverse composition.

Asimple,rapidmethodforbacteriallysisanddirectextractionofDNAfromsoilswithminimalshearingwas developed to address the risk of chimera formation from small template DNA during subsequent PCR. The method was based on lysis with a high-salt extraction buffer...

Complete Genome Sequence of the Methanogenic Archaeon, Methanococcus jannaschii

The present application describes the complete 1.66-megabase pair genome sequence of an autotrophic archaeon, Methanococcus jannaschii, and its 58- and 16-kilobase pair extrachromosomal elements. Also described are 1738 predicted protein-coding genes.

Beyond accuracy: what data quality means to data consumers

Poor data quality (DQ) can have substantial social and economic impacts. Although firms are improving data quality with practical approaches and tools, their improvement efforts tend to focus narrowly on accuracy. We believe that data consumers have a...

Searching for Common Threads: Understanding the Multiple Effects of Diversity in Organizational Groups

In this article, we review and evaluate recent management research on the effects of different types of diversity in group composition at various organizational levels (i.e., boards of directors, top management groups, and organizational task groups)...

Microscopic origin of the Bekenstein-Hawking entropy

The Bekenstein-Hawking area-entropy relation Sau = A/4 is derived for a class of five-dimensional extremal black holes in string theory by counting the degeneracy of BPS so&on bound states.

The lumigraph

Richard Szeliski, Michael F. Cohen

Multilevel converters-a new breed of power converters

Multilevel voltage source converters are emerging as a new breed of power converter options for high-power applications. The multilevel voltage source converters typically synthesize the staircase voltage wave from several levels of DC capacitor voltages....

Effectiveness correlates of transformational and transactional leadership: A meta-analytic review of the mlq literature

A meta-analysis of the transformational leadership literature using the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) was conducted to (a) integrate the diverse findings, (b) compute an average effect for different leadership scales, and (c) probe for certain...

Involvement of MACH, a Novel MORT1/FADD-Interacting Protease, in Fas/APO-1- and TNF Receptor–Induced Cell Death

Fas/APO-1 and p55 tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor (p55-R) activate cellular mechanisms that result in cell death. Upon activation of these receptors, Fas/APO-1 binds a protein called MORT1 (or FADD) and p55-R binds a protein called TRADD. MORT1 and...

The Art of Molecular Dynamics Simulation

In this Second Edition an extensive series of detailed case studies introduces the reader to solutions to a variety of problems connected with the way molecular interactions and motions determine the properties of matter. The methods are widely used in...

Renal-cell carcinoma

Robert J. Motzer, Neil H. Bander, David M. Nanus

Imprint Lithography with 25-Nanometer Resolution

A high-throughput lithographic method with 25-nanometer resolution and smooth vertical sidewalls is proposed and demonstrated. The technique uses compression molding to create a thickness contrast pattern in a thin resist film carried on a substrate,...

The lymphocyte chemoattractant SDF-1 is a ligand for LESTR/fusin and blocks HIV-1 entry

Conrad C. Bleul, Michael Farzan, Hyeryun Choe, Cristina Parolin, Ian Clark-Lewis, Joseph Sodroski, Timothy A. Springer

Meshless methods: An overview and recent developments

Meshless approximations based on moving least-squares, kernels. and partitions of unity are examined. It is shown that the three methods are in most cases identical except for the important fact that partitions of unity enable p-adaptivity to be achieved....

Human Resource Management, Manufacturing Strategy, and Firm Performance

Mark A. Youndt, Scott A. Snell, James W. Dean, David P. Lepak

Suppression of Intestinal Polyposis in ApcΔ716 Knockout Mice by Inhibition of Cyclooxygenase 2 (COX-2)

Two cyclooxygenase isozymes catalyze conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandin H 2 : constitutive COX-1 and inducible COX-2. To assess the role of COX-2 in colorectal tumorigenisis, we determined the effects of COX-2 gene ( Ptgs2 ) knockouts and...

Effectiveness correlates of transformational and transactional leadership: A meta-analytic review of the MLQ literature

A meta-analysis of the transformational leadership literature using the Multifactor Leadership Questionnaire (MLQ) was conducted to (a) integrate the diverse findings, (b) compute an average effect for different leadership scales, and (c) probe for certain...

Fuzzy logic = computing with words

As its name suggests, computing with words (CW) is a methodology in which words are used in place of numbers for computing and reasoning. The point of this note is that fuzzy logic plays a pivotal role in CW and vice-versa. Thus, as an approximation,...

The New Politics of the Welfare State

The much-discussed crisis of the welfare state is now two decades old. The tremendous twentieth-century expansion of social programs has been a remarkable feature of advanced industrial societies. In all these countries the welfare state is a core institution,...

A Dual-Tropic Primary HIV-1 Isolate That Uses Fusin and the β-Chemokine Receptors CKR-5, CKR-3, and CKR-2b as Fusion Cofactors

Here, we show that the β-chemokine receptor CKR-5 serves as a cofactor for M-tropic HIV viruses. Expression of CKR-5 with CD4 enables nonpermissive cells to form syncytia with cells expressing M-tropic, but not T-tropic, HIV-1 env proteins. Expression...

ERβ: Identification and characterization of a novel human estrogen receptor

A novel estrogen receptor (hereinafter referred to as ERβ) was cloned using degenerate PCR primers. A comparison of the amino acid sequence of ERβ with the ‘classical’ ER (ERα) shows a high degree of conservation of the DNA-binding domain (96%),...

A New Learning Algorithm for Blind Signal Separation

Shun-ichi Amari, Andrzej Cichocki, Howard Hua Yang

DPC4, a candidate tumor suppressor gene at human chromosome 18q21.1.

About 90 percent of human pancreatic carcinomas show allelic loss at chromosome 18q. To identify candidate tumor suppressor genes on 18q, a panel of pancreatic carcinomas were analyzed for convergent sites of homozygous deletion. Twenty-five of 84 tumors...

Phase synchronization of chaotic oscillators.

Michael G. Rosenblum, Arkady Pikovsky, Jürgen Kurths

Angiotensin II-mediated hypertension in the rat increases vascular superoxide production via membrane NADH/NADPH oxidase activation. Contribution to alterations of vasomotor tone.

Sanjay Rajagopalan, Sabine Kurz, Thomas Münzel, Margaret M. Tarpey, Bruce A. Freeman, Kathy K. Griendling, David G. Harrison

Genetic restriction of HIV-1 infection and progression to AIDS by a deletion allele of the CKR5 structural gene

The chemokine receptor 5 (CKR5) protein serves as a secondary receptor on CD4+ T lymphocytes for certain strains of human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1). The CKR5 structural gene was mapped to human chromosome 3p21, and a 32-base pair deletion...

Molecular characterization of an enzyme that degrades neuromodulatory fatty-acid amides

Benjamin F. Cravatt, Dan K. Giang, Stephen P. Mayfield, Dale L. Boger, Richard A. Lerner, Norton B. Gilula

Bose-Einstein Condensation in a Gas of Sodium Atoms

Kendall B. Davis, M.-O. Mewes, Matthew Andrews, N. J. van Druten, D.M. Kurn, W. Ketterle

Cell cycle checkpoints: preventing an identity crisis.

Cell cycle checkpoints are regulatory pathways that control the order and timing of cell cycle transitions and ensure that critical events such as DNA replication and chromosome segregation are completed with high fidelity. In addition, checkpoints respond...

The posttraumatic growth inventory: Measuring the positive legacy of trauma

The development of the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory, an instrument for assessing positive outcomes reported by persons who have experienced traumatic events, is described. This 21-item scale includes factors of New Possibilities, Relating to Others,...

A YIELD‐FACTOR MODEL OF INTEREST RATES

This paper presents a consistent and arbitrage-free multifactor model of the term structure of interest rates in which yields at selected fixed maturities follow a parametric muitivariate Markov diffusion process with "stochastic volatility." the yield...

THE BASAL GANGLIA: FOCUSED SELECTION AND INHIBITION OF COMPETING MOTOR PROGRAMS

The basal ganglia comprise several nuclei in the forebrain, diencephalon, and midbrain thought to play a significant role in the control of posture and movement. It is well recognized that people with degenerative diseases of the basal ganglia suffer...

Evidence That the Diabetes Gene Encodes the Leptin Receptor: Identification of a Mutation in the Leptin Receptor Gene in db/db Mice

OB-R is a high affinity receptor for leptin, an important circulating signal for the regulation of body weight. We identified an alternatively spliced transcript that encodes a form of mouse OB-R with a long intracellular domain. db / db mice also produce...

Multiple Imputation After 18+ Years

Multiple imputation was designed to handle the problem of missing data in public-use data bases where the data-base constructor and the ultimate user are distinct entities. The objective is valid frequency inference for ultimate users who in general have...

Reasoning the Fast and Frugal Way: Models of Bounded Rationality

Humans and animals make inferences about the world under limited time and knowledge. In contrast, many models of rational inference treat the mind as a Laplacean Demon, equipped with unlimited time, knowledge, and computational might. Following H. Simon’s...

The instructive role of innate immunity in the acquired immune response.

Innate immunity has been considered only to provide rapid, incomplete antimicrobial host defense until the slower, more definitive acquired immune response develops. However, innate immunity may have an additional role in determining which antigens the...

The partition of unity finite element method: Basic theory and applications

The paper presents the basic ideas and the mathematical foundation of the partition of unity finite element method (PUFEM). We will show how the PUFEM can be used to employ the structure of the differential equation under consideration to construct effective...

Cation-π Interactions in Chemistry and Biology: A New View of Benzene, Phe, Tyr, and Trp

Cations bind to the π face of an aromatic structure through a surprisingly strong, noncovalent force termed the cation-π interaction. The magnitude and generality of the effect have been established by gas-phase measurements and by studies of model...

Physiology of the neurotrophins.

The neurotrophins are a small group of dimeric proteins that profoundly affect the development of the nervous system of vertebrates. Recent studies have established clear correlations between the survival requirements for different neurotrophins of functionally...

Systems Analysis of Adverse Drug Events

To the Editor. —There is no question that the contributions made by Dr Bates and colleagues1 and Dr Leape and colleagues2 are important to our knowledge and understanding of adverse drug events. Their research could make a real difference in the health...

Parallel human genome analysis: microarray-based expression monitoring of 1000 genes

Mark Schena, Dari Shalon, Renu A. Heller, Andrew Chai, Patrick O. Brown, R W Davis

Cloning of a Novel Estrogen Receptor Expressed in Rat Prostate and Ovary

George G. J. M. Kuiper, Eva Enmark, Markku Pelto-Huikko, Stefan Nilsson, Jan-ke Gustafsson

Shape-Controlled Synthesis of Colloidal Platinum Nanoparticles

The shapes and sizes of platinum nanoparticles were controlled by changes in the ratio of the concentration of the capping polymer material to the concentration of the platinum cations used in the reductive synthesis of colloidal particles in solution...

The dielectric properties of biological tissues: III. Parametric models for the dielectric spectrum of tissues

A parametric model was developed to describe the variation of dielectric properties of tissues as a function of frequency. The experimental spectrum from 10 Hz to 100 GHz was modelled with four dispersion regions. The development of the model was based...

Randomised controlled trial of vitamin E in patients with coronary disease: Cambridge Heart Antioxidant Study (CHAOS)

SummaryBackground Vitamin E (α-tocopherol) is thought to have a role in prevention of atherosclerosis, through inhibition of oxidation of low-density lipoprotein. Some epidemiological studies have shown an association between high dietary intake or high...

Suppression of TNF-α-Induced Apoptosis by NF-κB

Tumor necrosis factor α (TNF-α) signaling gives rise to a number of events, including activation of transcription factor NF-κB and programmed cell death (apoptosis). Previous studies of TNF-α signaling have suggested that these two events occur independently....

Statistical Digital Signal Processing and Modeling

From the Publisher:The main thrust is to provide students with a solid understanding of a number of important and related advanced topics in digital signal processing such as Wiener filters, power spectrum estimation, signal modeling and adaptive filtering....

Region competition: unifying snakes, region growing, and Bayes/MDL for multiband image segmentation

We present a novel statistical and variational approach to image segmentation based on a new algorithm, named region competition. This algorithm is derived by minimizing a generalized Bayes/minimum description length (MDL) criterion using the variational...

Hypoxia-mediated selection of cells with diminished apoptotic potential in solid tumours.

Thomas G. Graeber, Cynthia Osmanian, Tyler Jacks, David E. Housman, Cameron J. Koch, Scott W. Lowe, Amato J. Giaccia

Convex analysis and minimization algorithms

Jean-Baptiste Hiriart-Urruty, Claude Lemaréchal

Methods and Techniques of Adaptive Hypermedia

Adaptive hypermedia is a new direction of research within the area of adaptive and user model-based interfaces. Adaptive hypermedia (AH) systems build a model of the individual user and apply it for adaptation to that user, for example, to adapt the content...

Mobilization, participation, and democracy in America

Steven J. Rosenstone, John Mark Hansen

IRS-1-Mediated Inhibition of Insulin Receptor Tyrosine Kinase Activity in TNF-α- and Obesity-Induced Insulin Resistance

Tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) is an important mediator of insulin resistance in obesity and diabetes through its ability to decrease the tyrosine kinase activity of the insulin receptor (IR). Treatment of cultured murine adipocytes with TNF-α was...

Receptor Specificity of the Fibroblast Growth Factor Family

Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are essential molecules for mammalian development. The nine known FGF ligands and the four signaling FGF receptors (and their alternatively spliced variants) are expressed in specific spatial and temporal patterns. The...

CC CKR5: A RANTES, MIP-1α, MIP-1β Receptor as a Fusion Cofactor for Macrophage-Tropic HIV-1

Human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) entry requires fusion cofactors on the CD4+ target cell. Fusin, a heterotrimeric GTP-binding protein (G protein)-coupled receptor, serves as a cofactor for T cell line-tropic isolates. The chemokines RANTES,...

Paradox Lost? Firm-Level Evidence on the Returns to Information Systems Spending

The "productivity paradox" of information systems IS is that, despite enormous improvements in the underlying technology, the benefits of IS spending have not been found in aggregate output statistics. One explanation is that IS spending may lead to increases...

The Ambivalent Sexism Inventory : Differentiating hostile and benevolent sexism

The authors present a theory of sexism formulated as ambivalence toward women and validate a corresponding measure, the Ambivalent Sexism Inventory (ASI). The ASI taps 2 positively correlated components of sexism that nevertheless represent opposite evaluative...

A Strategic Model of Social and Economic Networks

We study the stability and efficiency of social and economic networks, when self-interested individuals have the discretion to form or sever links. First, in the context of two stylized models, we characterize the sets of stable networkds (immune to incentives...

Direct least squares fitting of ellipses

This paper presents a new efficient method for fitting ellipses to scattered data. Previous algorithms either fitted general conics or were computationally expensive. By minimizing the algebraic distance subject to the constraint 4ac-b/sup 2/=1 the new...

Modularity, flexibility, and knowledge management in product and organization design

This pczper investigcztes irzterrelationslzi~~s of product design, orgcznization design, processes for leartlirzg and managing knowledge, arzd competitive strategy. This paper uses the principles of nearly decotnposable systems to investigate the ability...

Abnormal splicing of the leptin receptor in diabetic mice.

Lee Gh, Proenca R, Jason M. Montez, Carroll Km, J. Darvishzadeh, Lee Ji, J. Friedman

The Impact of Human Resource Management Practices on Perceptions of Organizational Performance

In 590 for-profit and nonprofit firms from the National Organizations Survey, we found positive associations between human resource management (HRM) practices, such as training and staffing selectivity, and perceptual firm performance measures. Results...

Cross-national epidemiology of major depression and bipolar disorder

Objective. —To estimate the rates and patterns of major depression and bipolar disorder based on cross-national epidemiologic surveys.Design and Setting. —Population-based epidemiologic studies using similar methods from 10 countries: the United States,...

Satisfaction and Comparison Income

This paper attempts to test the hypothesis that utility depends on income relative to a ‘comparison’ or reference level. Using data on 5,000 British workers, it provides two findings. First, workers' reported satisfaction levels are shown to be inversely...

Relation of Threatened Egotism to Violence and Aggression: The Dark Side of High Self-Esteem

Conventional wisdom has regarded low self-esteem as an important cause of violence, but the opposite view is theoretically viable. An interdisciplinary review of evidence about aggression, crime, and violence contradicted the view that low self-esteem...

Comprehensive heterocyclic chemistry II

Alan R. Katritzky, Charles W. (Charles Wayne) Rees, Eric F. Scriven

A Reexamination of the Determinants of Consumer Satisfaction

Richard A. Spreng, Scott B. MacKenzie, Richard W. Olshavsky

Characterization of individual polynucleotide molecules using a membrane channel

We show that an electric field can drive single-stranded RNA and DNA molecules through a 2.6-nm diameterionchannelinalipidbilayermembrane.Becausethe channel diameter can accommodate only a single strand of RNA or DNA, each polymer traverses the membrane...

The ferritins: molecular properties, iron storage function and cellular regulation.

The iron storage protein, ferritin, plays a key role in iron metabolism. Its ability to sequester the element gives ferritin the dual functions of iron detoxification and iron reserve. The importance of these functions is emphasised by ferritin's ubiquitous...

An empirical study of smoothing techniques for language modeling

We present an extensive empirical comparison of several smoothing techniques in the domain of language modeling, including those described by Jelinek and Mercer (1980), Katz (1987), and Church and Gale (1991). We investigate for the first time how factors...

A high-performance, portable implementation of the MPI message passing interface standard

MPI (Message Passing Interface) is a specification for a standard library for message passing that was defined by the MPI Forum, a broadly based group of parallel computer vendors, library writers, and applications specialists. Multiple implementations...

Visualizing an Olfactory Sensory Map

We have developed a genetic approach to visualize axons from olfactory sensory neurons expressing a given odorant receptor, as they project to the olfactory bulb. Neurons expressing a specific receptor project to only two topographically fixed loci among...

Artificial Life

From the Publisher:Artificial Life is the study of synthetic systems that exhibit behaviors characteristic of natural living systems.It complements the tarditional biological sciences concerned with the analysis of living organisms by attempting to synthesize...

The Effectiveness of Right Heart Catheterization in the Initial Care of Critically III Patients

Objective. —To examine the association between the use of right heart catheterization (RHC) during the first 24 hours of care in the intensive care unit (ICU) and subsequent survival, length of stay, intensity of care, and cost of care.Design. —Prospective...

(Ga,Mn)As: A new diluted magnetic semiconductor based on GaAs

A new GaAs‐based diluted magnetic semiconductor, (Ga,Mn)As, was prepared by molecular beam epitaxy. The lattice constant of (Ga,Mn)As films was determined by x‐ray diffraction and shown to increase with the increase of Mn composition, x. Well‐aligned...

cag, a pathogenicity island of Helicobacter pylori, encodes type I-specific and disease-associated virulence factors

Stefano Censini, Christina Lange, Zhaoying Xiang, Jean E. Crabtree, Paolo Ghiara, Mark Borodovsky, Rino Rappuoli, Antonello Covacci

A CBP Integrator Complex Mediates Transcriptional Activation and AP-1 Inhibition by Nuclear Receptors

Nuclear receptors regulate gene expression by direct activation of target genes and inhibition of AP-1. Here we report that, unexpectedly, activation by nuclear receptors requires the actions of CREB-binding protein (CBP) and that inhibition of AP-1 activity...

« Prev. Next »
First ... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 ... Last

© 2016-2018 CiteWeb.info — WorldWeb citation database

Up ↑