CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 1996

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Cyclopia and defective axial patterning in mice lacking Sonic hedgehog gene function

Chin Chiang, Ying Litingtung, Eric Lee, Keith E. Young, Corden Jl, Heiner Westphal, Philip A. Beachy

Activation of vascular endothelial growth factor gene transcription by hypoxia-inducible factor 1.

Janice Forsythe, Biao Jiang, Narayan V. Iyer, Faton A. Agani, S W Leung, Robert D. Koos, Gregg L Semenza

Homozygous Defect in HIV-1 Coreceptor Accounts for Resistance of Some Multiply-Exposed Individuals to HIV-1 Infection

Rare individuals have been multiply exposed to HIV-1 but remain uninfected. The CD4 + T-cells of two of these individuals, designated EU2 and EU3, are highly resistant in vitro to the entry of primary macrophage-tropic virus but are readily infectable...

The Mathematica Book

From the Publisher:Mathematica has defined the state of the art in technical computing for over a decade, and has become a standard in many of the world's leading companies and universities. From simple calculator operations to large-scale programming...

Efficient Implementation of Weighted ENO Schemes

In this paper, we further analyze, test, modify, and improve the high order WENO (weighted essentially non-oscillatory) finite difference schemes of Liu, Osher, and Chan. It was shown by Liuet al.that WENO schemes constructed from therth order (inL1norm)...

ROBUST ADAPTIVE CONTROL

P.A. Ioannou, Jing Sun

The New Governance: Governing without Government1

The term ’governance‘ is popular but imprecise. It has at least six uses, referring to: the minimal state; corporate governance: the new public management; ‘good governance’: socio-cybernetic systems: and self-organizing networks. I stipulate...

Classification and grading of Gastritis

Michael F. Dixon, Robert M. Genta, John H. Yardley, Pelayo Correa, Kenneth P. Batts, M. Isabel Filipe, Rodger C. Haggitt, P. K. Hui, Juan Lechago, Lewin Kj, Johan Offerhaus, Sixto Recavarren, Robert H. Riddell, Enrico Solcia, Manfred Stolte, Hidenobu Watanabe

AQUA and PROCHECK-NMR: programs for checking the quality of protein structures solved by NMR.

Roman A. Laskowski, Rullmannn Ja, Malcolm W. MacArthur, R. Kaptein, J. M. Thornton

The standardization of terminology of female pelvic organ prolapse and pelvic floor dysfunction

This article presents a standard system of terminology recently approved by the International Continence Society, the American Urogynecologic Society, and the Society of Gynecologic Surgeons for the description of female pelvic organ prolapse and pelvic...

Meta-analysis of how well measures of bone mineral density predict occurrence of osteoporotic fractures.

Objective : To determine the ability of measurements of bone density in women to predict later fractures.Design : Meta-analysis of prospective cohort studies published between 1985 and end of 1994 with a baseline measurement of bone density in women and...

Qualitative data analysis (2nd ed)

Qualitative data analysis (2nd ed)

An Essential Role for NF-κB in Preventing TNF-α-Induced Cell Death

Studies on mice deficient in nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) subunits have shown that this transcription factor is important for lymphocyte responses to antigens and cytokine-inducible gene expression. In particular, the RelA (p65) subunit is required...

Identification of a major co-receptor for primary isolates of HIV-1

Hongkui Deng, Rong Liu, Wilfried Ellmeier, Sunny Choe, Derya Unutmaz, Michael Burkhart, Paola Di Marzio, Shoshana Marmon, Richard E. Sutton, C. Mark Hill, Craig B. Davis, Stephen C. Peiper, Thomas J. Schall, Dan R. Littman, Nathaniel R. Landau

A comparative study of texture measures with classification based on featured distributions

This paper evaluates the performance both of some texture measures which have been successfully used in various applications and of some new promising approaches proposed recently. For classification a method based on Kullback discrimination of sample...

Texture features for browsing and retrieval of image data

Image content based retrieval is emerging as an important research area with application to digital libraries and multimedia databases. The focus of this paper is on the image processing aspects and in particular using texture information for browsing...

Mechanisms behind green photoluminescence in ZnO phosphor powders

We explore the interrelationships between the green 510 nm emission, the free‐carrier concentration, and the paramagnetic oxygen‐vacancy density in commercial ZnO phosphors by combining photoluminescence, optical‐absorption, and electron‐paramagnetic‐resonance...

Requisite Role of Angiopoietin-1, a Ligand for the TIE2 Receptor, during Embryonic Angiogenesis

Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), which acts via members of a family of endothelial-specific receptor tyrosine kinases, is the only factor that has been shown definitively to play a role in the formation of the embryonic vasculature. Only one...

Life with 6000 genes.

The genome of the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been completely sequenced through a worldwide collaboration. The sequence of 12,068 kilobases defines 5885 potential protein-encoding genes, approximately 140 genes specifying ribosomal RNA, 40 genes...

A maximum entropy approach to natural language processing

The concept of maximum entropy can be traced back along multiple threads to Biblical times. Only recently, however, have computers become powerful enough to permit the widescale application of this concept to real world problems in statistical estimation...

Improving the Quality of Reporting of Randomized Controlled Trials: The CONSORT Statement

THE RANDOMIZED controlled trial (RCT), more than any other methodology, can have a powerful and immediate impact on patient care. Ideally, the report of such an evaluation needs to convey to the reader relevant information concerning the design, conduct,...

Perspectives on the Physical Chemistry of Semiconductor Nanocrystals

Semiconductor nanocrystals exhibit a wide range of size-dependent properties. Variations in fundamental characteristics ranging from phase transitions to electrical conductivity can be induced by controlling the size of the crystals. The present status...

FACS-optimized mutants of the green fluorescent protein (GFP)

We have constructed a library in Escherichia coli of mutant gfp genes (encoding green fluorescent protein, GFP) expressed from a tightly regulated inducible promoter. We introduced random amino acid (aa) substitutions in the twenty aa flanking the...

Causes and Consequences of Earnings Manipulation: An Analysis of Firms Subject to Enforcement Actions by the SEC

This study investigates firms subject to accounting enforcement actions by the Securities and Exchange Commission for alleged violations of Generally Accepted Accounting Principles. We investigate: (i) the extent to which the alleged earnings manipulations...

Ecology: individuals, populations and communities

Michael Begon, John L. Harper, Colin R. Townsend

Social psychology : handbook of basic principles

Arie W. Kruglanski, E. Tory Higgins

On the LambertW function

Robert M. Corless, Gaston H. Gonnet, David J. Jeffrey, Donald E. Knuth

Automaticity of Social Behavior: Direct Effects of Trait Construct and Stereotype Activation on Action

Previous research has shown that trait concepts and stereotypes become active automatically in the presence of relevant behavior or stereotyped-group features. Through the use of the same priming procedures as in previous impression formation research,...

The Processing-Speed Theory of Adult Age Differences in Cognition

A theory is proposed to account for some of the age-related differences reported in measures of Type A or fluid cognition. The central hypothesis in the theory is that increased age in adulthood is associated with a decrease in the speed with which many...

ASSESSING THE WORK ENVIRONMENT FOR CREATIVITY

Teresa M. Amabile, Regina Conti, H. Coon, J. Lazenby, Michael C. Herron

Consensus guidelines for the clinical and pathologic diagnosis of dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) Report of the consortium on DLB international workshop

I.G. McKeith, Douglas Galasko, K. Kosaka, Elaine K. Perry, Dennis W. Dickson, Lawrence A. Hansen, D.P. Salmon, James Lowe, Suzanne S. Mirra, E.J. Byrne, G. Lennox, N. P. Quinn, J.A. Edwardson, Paul G. Ince, C. Bergeron, A. Burns, Bruce L. Miller, Simon Lovestone, Daniel Collerton, E.N.H. Jansen, C. Ballard, R. De Vos, Gordon K. Wilcock, K. A. Jellinger, R.H. Perry

Principles of Mobile Communication

Principles of Mobile Communication, Third Edition, is an authoritative treatment of the fundamentals of mobile communications. This book stresses the "fundamentals" of physical-layer wireless and mobile communications engineering that are important for...

Near optimum error correcting coding and decoding: turbo-codes

This paper presents a new family of convolutional codes, nicknamed turbo-codes, built from a particular concatenation of two recursive systematic codes, linked together by nonuniform interleaving. Decoding calls on iterative processing in which each component...

Systemic Acquired Resistance.

One reaction of plants to pathogen infection is the induction of a long-lasting, broad-spectrum, systemic resistance to subsequent infections. This induced disease-resistance response has been known for many years under different names such as physiological...

The eyes have it: a task by data type taxonomy for information visualizations

A useful starting point for designing advanced graphical user interfaces is the visual information seeking Mantra: overview first, zoom and filter, then details on demand. But this is only a starting point in trying to understand the rich and varied set...

A simulation study of the number of events per variable in logistic regression analysis

We performed a Monte Carlo study to evaluate the effect of the number of events per variable (EPV) analyzed in logistic regression analysis. The simulations were based on data from a cardise trial of 673 patients in which 252 deaths occurred and seven...

Local polynomial modelling and its applications

Data-analytic approaches to regression problems, arising from many scientific disciplines are described in this book. The aim of these nonparametric methods is to relax assumptions on the form of a regression function and to let data search for a suitable...

Techniques for data hiding

Walter Bender, Daniel Gruhl, Norishige Morimoto, Aiguo Lu

Phenotypic Analysis of Antigen-Specific T Lymphocytes

Identification and characterization of antigen-specific T lymphocytes during the course of an immune response is tedious and indirect. To address this problem, the peptide-major histocompatability complex (MHC) ligand for a given population of T cells...

Strategic alliances and interfirm knowledge transfer

David C. Mowery, Joanne E. Oxley, Brian S. Silverman

The Endogeneity of the Optimum Currency Area Criteria

A country’s suitability for entry into a currency union depends on a number of economic conditions. These include, inter alia, the intensity or trade with other potential members of the currency union, and the extent to which domestic business cycles...

All-silica single-mode optical fiber with photonic crystal cladding

We report the fabrication of a new type of optical waveguide: the photonic crystal fiber. It consists of a pure silica core surrounded by a silica–air photonic crystal material with a hexagonal symmetry. The fiber supports a single robust low-loss guided...

The dielectric properties of biological tissues: II. Measurements in the frequency range 10 Hz to 20 GHz

Three experimental techniques based on automatic swept-frequency network and impedance analysers were used to measure the dielectric properties of tissue in the frequency range 10 Hz to 20 GHz. The technique used in conjunction with the impedance analyser...

Light field rendering

Marc Levoy, Pat Hanrahan

Functional interaction of beta-catenin with the transcription factor LEF-1

The cytoplasmic proteins beta-catenin of vertebrates and armadillo of Drosophila have two functions: they link the cadherin cell-adhesion molecules to the cytoskeleton, and they participate in the wnt/wingless signal pathway. Here we show, in a yeast...

Regulation of Myosin Phosphatase by Rho and Rho-Associated Kinase (Rho-Kinase)

The small guanosine triphosphatase Rho is implicated in myosin light chain (MLC) phosphorylation, which results in contraction of smooth muscle and interaction of actin and myosin in nonmuscle cells. The guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-bound, active form...

Climate change 1995 : the science of climate change

John Theodore Houghton, Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change

Being digital

From the Publisher:Being Digital decodes the mysteries and debunks the hype surrounding bandwidth, multimedia, virtual reality, and the Internet. It forecasts technologies that will make your telephone as context-sensitive as an English butler and replace...

The quickhull algorithm for convex hulls

The convex hull of a set of points is the smallest convex set that contains the points. This article presents a practical convex hull algorithm that combines the two-dimensional Quickhull algorithm with the general-dimension Beneath-Beyond Algorithm....

What Firms Do? Coordination, Identity, and Learning

Firms are organizations that represent social knowledge of coordination and learning. But why should their boundaries demarcate quantitative shifts in the knowledge and capability of their members? Should not knowledge reside also in a network of interacting...

HIV-1 dynamics in vivo: Virion clearance rate, infected cell life-span, and viral generation time

Using a new mathematical model to analyze a detailed set of viral load data collected from five infected patients after the administration of a potent inhibitor of HIV-1 protease, it was estimated that productively infected cells have, on average, a lifespan...

Nanometre diameter fibres of polymer, produced by electrospinning

Electrospinning uses electrical forces to produce polymer fibres with nanometre-scale diameters. Electrospinning occurs when the electrical forces at the surface of a polymer solution or melt overcome the surface tension and cause an electrically charged...

A tutorial on visual servo control

This article provides a tutorial introduction to visual servo control of robotic manipulators. Since the topic spans many disciplines our goal is limited to providing a basic conceptual framework. We begin by reviewing the prerequisite topics from robotics...

Probabilistic roadmaps for path planning in high-dimensional configuration spaces

A new motion planning method for robots in static workspaces is presented. This method proceeds in two phases: a learning phase and a query phase. In the learning phase, a probabilistic roadmap is constructed and stored as a graph whose nodes correspond...

PSYCHOMETRIC PROPERTIES OF THE PTSD CHECKLIST (PCL)

The psychometric properties of the PTSD Checklist (PCL), a new, brief, self-report instrument, were determined on a population of 40 motor vehicle accident victims and sexual assault victims using diagnoses and scores from the CAPS (Clinician Administered...

Microstructural and physiological features of tissues elucidated by quantitative-diffusion-tensor MRI ☆

Quantitative-diffusion-tensor MRI consists of deriving and displaying parameters that resemble histological or physiological stains, i.e., that characterize intrinsic features of tissue microstructure and microdynamics. Specifically, these parameters...

Solving ordinary differential equations II: stiff and differential-algebraic problems

The subject of this book is the solution of stiff differential equations and of differential-algebraic systems (differential equations with constraints). The book is divided into four chapters. The beginning of each chapter is of introductory nature,...

Multicopper Oxidases and Oxygenases

Edward I. Solomon, Uma M. Sundaram, Timothy E. Machonkin

Serine Phosphorylation of Death Agonist BAD in Response to Survival Factor Results in Binding to 14-3-3 Not BCL-XL

Extracellular survival factors alter a cell's susceptibility to apoptosis, often through posttranslational mechanisms. However, no consistent relationship has been established between such survival signals and the BCL-2 family, where the balance of death...

A New Data Set Measuring Income Inequality

This article presents a new data set on inequality in the distribution of income. The authors explain the criteria they applied in selecting data on Gini coefficients and on individual quintile groups' income shares. Comparison of the new data set with...

A Probabilistic Theory of Pattern Recognition

Luc Devroye, László Györfi, Gábor Lugosi

Political science and the three new institutionalisms

The ‘new institutionalism’ is a term that now appears with growing frequency in political science. However, there is considerable confusion about just what the ‘new institutionalism’ is, how it differs from other approaches, and what sort of promise...

FLICE, A Novel FADD-Homologous ICE/CED-3–like Protease, Is Recruited to the CD95 (Fas/APO-1) Death-Inducing Signaling Complex

To identify CAP3 and CAP4, components of the CD95 (Fas/APO-1) death-inducing signaling complex, we utilized nano-electrospray tandem mass spectrometry, a recently developed technique to sequence femtomole quantities of polyacrylamide gel–separated proteins....

Resistance to HIV-1 infection in caucasian individuals bearing mutant alleles of the CCR-5 chemokine receptor gene.

HIV-1 and related viruses require co-receptors, in addition to CD4, to infect target cells. The chemokine receptor CCR-5 (ref. 1) was recently demonstrated to be a co-receptor for macrophage-tropic (M-tropic) HIV-1 strains(2-6), and the orphan(7) receptor...

A fast quantum mechanical algorithm for database search

: Imagine a phone directory containing N names arranged in completely random order. In order to find someone's phone number with a 50% probability, any classical algorithm (whether deterministic or probabilistic) will need to look at a minimum of N/2...

Democracy and Growth

Growth and democracy (subjective indexes of political freedom) are analyzed for a panel of about 100 countries from 1960 to 1990. The favorable effects on growth include maintenance of the rule of law, free markets, small government consumption, and high...

NUCLEUS-INDEPENDENT CHEMICAL SHIFTS : A SIMPLE AND EFFICIENT AROMATICITY PROBE

P. Von Rague Schleyer, Christoph Maerker, Alk Dransfeld, H. Jaio, N. J. R. Van Eikema Hommes

Being There: Putting Brain, Body, and World Together Again

From the Publisher:The old opposition of matter versus mind stubbornly persists in the way we study mind and brain. In treating cognition as problem solving, Andy Clark suggests, we may often abstract too far from the very body and world in which our...

Computer visualization of three-dimensional image data using IMOD.

We have developed a computer software package, IMOD, as a tool for analyzing and viewing three-dimensional biological image data. IMOD is useful for studying and modeling data from tomographic, serial section, and optical section reconstructions. The...

Extremely low frequency plasmons in metallic mesostructures.

The plasmon is a well established collective excitation of metals in the visible and near UV, but at much lower frequencies dissipation destroys all trace of the plasmon and typical Drude behavior sets in. We propose a mechanism for depression of the...

A COMMON GENETIC VARIATION IN THE 3-UNTRANSLATED REGION OF THE PROTHROMBIN GENE IS ASSOCIATED WITH ELEVATED PLASMA PROTHROMBIN LEVELS AND AN INCREASE IN VENOUS THROMBOSIS

We have examined the prothrombin gene as a candidate gene for venous thrombosis in selected patients with a documented familial history of venous thrombophilia. All the exons and the 5′- and 3′-UT region of the prothrombin gene were analyzed by polymerase...

The effect of pravastatin on coronary events after myocardial infarction in patients with average cholesterol levels. Cholesterol and Recurrent Events Trial investigators.

Jennifer C. Davis, Jamie J. Arnold, Wayne Warnica, Geoff G. Cole, Eugene Braunwald, Jean L. Rouleau, Tara L. Brown, Frank M. Sacks, Lawrence M. Pfeffer, Wun Cc, Nicola J. Rutherford, Aaron L. Moye

TNF- and Cancer Therapy-Induced Apoptosis: Potentiation by Inhibition of NF-κB

Many cells are resistant to stimuli that can induce apoptosis, but the mechanisms involved are not fully understood. The activation of the transcription factor nuclear factor-kappa B (NF-κB) by tumor necrosis factor (TNF), ionizing radiation, or daunorubicin...

Fast discovery of association rules

Rakesh Agrawal, Heikki Mannila, Ramakrishnan Srikant, Hannu Toivonen, A. Inkeri Verkamo

Unreliable failure detectors for reliable distributed systems

We introduce the concept of unreliable failure detectors and study how they can be used to solve Consensus in asynchronous systems with crash failures. We characterise unreliable failure detectors in terms of two properties—completeness and accuracy....

Firm Performance and Mechanisms to Control Agency Problems between Managers and Shareholders

This paper examines the use of seven mechanisms to control agency problems between managers and shareholders. These mechanisms are: shareholdings of insiders, institutions, and large blockholders; use of outside directors; debt policy; the managerial...

Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry

Alfred M. Freedman, Harold I. Kaplan

Tcl and the Tk Toolkit

From the Book:Tcl was born of frustration. In the early 1980s my students and I developed a number of interactive tools at the University of California at Berkeley, mostly for integrated circuit design, and we found ourselves spending a lot of time building...

Two decades of array signal processing research: the parametric approach

The quintessential goal of sensor array signal processing is the estimation of parameters by fusing temporal and spatial information, captured via sampling a wavefield with a set of judiciously placed antenna sensors. The wavefield is assumed to be generated...

Isolation and functional properties of murine hematopoietic stem cells that are replicating in vivo.

Margaret A. Goodell, K Brose, Gilles Paradis, A S Conner, R C Mulligan

Role of leptin in the neuroendocrine response to fasting

Rexford S. Ahima, Daniel Prabakaran, Mantzoros Cs, Daqing Qu, Lowell Bb, Eleftheria Maratos-Flier, J S Flier

The Ambidextrous Organizations: Managing Evolutionary and Revolutionary Change

Organizations evolve through periods of incremental or evolutionary change punctuated by discontinuous or revolutionary change. The challenge for managers is to adapt the culture and strategy of their organizations to its current environment, but to do...

Why Do More Open Economies Have Bigger Governments

This paper demonstrates that there is a robust empirical association between the extent to which an economy is exposed to trade and the size of its government sector. This association holds for a large cross-section of countries, in low- as well as high-income...

The β-Chemokine Receptors CCR3 and CCR5 Facilitate Infection by Primary HIV-1 Isolates

We examined the ability of chemokine receptors and related G protein–coupled receptors to facilitate infection by primary, clinical HIV-1 isolates. CCR5, when expressed along with CD4, the HIV-1 receptor, allowed cell lines resistant to most primary...

Randomised trial of effect of alendronate on risk of fracture in women with existing vertebral fractures

Summary Background Previous studies have shown that alendronate can increase bone mineral density (BMD) and prevent radiographically defined (morphometric) vertebral fractures. The Fracture Intervention Trial aimed to investigate the effect of alendronate...

Decentralized trust management

We identify the trust management problem as a distinct and important component of security in network services. Aspects of the trust management problem include formulating security policies and security credentials, determining whether particular sets...

Knockout of Glutamate Transporters Reveals a Major Role for Astroglial Transport in Excitotoxicity and Clearance of Glutamate

Three glutamate transporters have been identified in rat, including astroglial transporters GLAST and GLT-1 and a neuronal transporter EAAC1. Here we demonstrate that inhibition of the synthesis of each glutamate transporter subtype using chronic antisense...

A new variant of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease in the UK

BACKGROUND: Epidemiological surveillance of Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease (CJD) was reinstituted in the UK in 1990 to identify any changes in the occurrence of this disease after the epidemic of bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE) in cattle.METHODS: Case...

Laser Capture Microdissection

Laser capture microdissection (LCM) under direct microscopic visualization permits rapid one-step procurement of selected human cell populations from a section of complex, heterogeneous tissue. In this technique, a transparent thermoplastic film (ethylene...

A Resource-Based Theory of the Firm: Knowledge Versus Opportunism

This paper develops a resource-based—knowledge-based—theory of the firm. Its thesis is that the organizational mode through which individuals cooperate affects the knowledge they apply to business activity. We focus on the polar cases of organization...

The lifting scheme : A custom-design construction of biorthogonal wavelets

We present the lifting scheme, a new idea for constructing compactly supported wavelets with compactly supported duals. The lifting scheme uses a simple relationship between all multiresolution analyses with the same scaling function. It isolates the...

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