CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 1993

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Apolipoprotein E polymorphism and Alzheimer's disease

SummaryApolipoprotein E (apoE) is associated with Alzheimer's neurofibrillary tangles and β-amyloid protein in senile plaques. It also appears to play an important part in the redistribution of lipids that follows deafferentation and neurodegeneration...

Database mining: a performance perspective

The authors' perspective of database mining as the confluence of machine learning techniques and the performance emphasis of database technology is presented. Three classes of database mining problems involving classification, associations, and sequences...

Arabidopsis ethylene-response gene ETR1 : similarity of product to two-component regulators

Ethylene behaves as a hormone in plants, regulating such aspects of growth and development as fruit ripening, flower senescence, and abscission. Ethylene insensitivity is conferred by dominant mutations in the ETR1 gene early in the ethylene signal transduction...

Rapid estimate of adult literacy in medicine: a shortened screening instrument.

Terry C. Davis, Long Sw, Robert H. Jackson, Mayeaux Ej, Peggy W. Murphy, Crouch Ma

Techniques for pollination biologists

Carol Ann Kearns, David W. Inouye

Endogenous Innovation in the Theory of Growth

This paper makes the case that purposive, profit-seeking investments in knowledge play a critical role in the long-run growth process. First, we review the implications of neoclassical growth theory and the more recent theories of 'endogenous growth'....

DNA vaccines: protective immunizations by parenteral, mucosal, and gene-gun inoculations

Ellen F. Fynan, Robert G. Webster, Deborah H. Fuller, Joel R. Haynes, Santoro Jc, Harriet L. Robinson

The p53-mdm-2 autoregulatory feedback loop.

X Wu, J H Bayle, D Olson, Levine Aj

Preliminary criteria for the classification of Sjögren's syndrome. Results of a prospective concerted action supported by the European community

Claudio Vitali, Stefano Bombardieri, Moutsopoulos Hm, Robert M. Bernstein, Salvatore De Vita, Drosos Aa, Ehrenfeld M, Pierre Yves Hatron, Elaine M. Hay, David A. Isenberg, Joachim R. Kalden, Louis Kater, Yrjö T. Konttinen, Maini Rn, Manthorpe R, Olivier Meyer, Pierantonio Ostuni, Jan Ulrik Prause, Andrea Richards, Sauvezie B, Schiødt M, Sciuto M, Crispian Scully, Yehuda Shoenfeld, Josef S. Smolen, M. L. Snaith, Moshe Tishler, Guido Valesini, Patrick J Venables, Marie J. Wattiaux, Pierre Youinou

From value chain to value constellation: designing interactive strategy.

In today's fast-changing competitive environment, strategy is no longer a matter of positioning a fixed set of activities along that old industrial model, the value chain. Successful companies increasingly do not just add value, they reinvent it. The...

Spontaneous loss of T-cell tolerance to glutamic acid decarboxylase in murine insulin-dependent diabetes

Daniel L. Kaufman, Michael J. Clare-Salzler, Jide Tian, Thomas G. Forsthuber, Grace S. P. Ting, Paul Robinson, Mark A. Atkinson, Eli E. Sercarz, Allan J. Tobin, Paul V. Lehmann

Connectionist learning procedures

A major goal of research on networks of neuronlike processing units is to discover efficient learning procedures that allow these networks to construct complex internal representations of their environment. The learning procedures must be capable of modifying...

Immune response in mice that lack the interferon-gamma receptor

Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma) exerts pleiotropic effects, including antiviral activity, stimulation of macrophages and natural killer cells, and increased expression of major histocompatibility complex antigens. Mice without the IFN-gamma receptor had...

An Empirical Assessment of the Proximity-Concentration Tradeoff between Multinational Sales and Trade

This paper examines the extent to which multinational location decisions reflect a trade-off between achieving proximity to customers and concentrating production to achieve scale economies. It finds that overseas production by multinationals increases...

Market Liquidity and Performance Monitoring

This paper studies the value of the stock market as a monitor of managerial performance. It shows that the stock price incorporates performance information that cannot be extracted from the firm's current or future profit data. The additional information...

Discrete particle simulation of two-dimensional fluidized bed

Y. Tsuji, Takazo Kawaguchi, Takaaki Tanaka

Pvm 3 user's guide and reference manual

Alexander Geist, Adam Beguelin, Jack Dongarra, Weicheng Jiang, Robert Manchek, Vaidy Sunderam

View interpolation for image synthesis

Image-space simplifications have been used to accelerate the calculation of computer graphic images since the dawn of visual simulation. Texture mapping has been used to provide a means by which images may themselves be used as display primitives. The...

Revised NIOSH equation for the design and evaluation of manual lifting tasks

In 1985, the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) convened an ad hoc committee of experts who reviewed the current literature on lifting, recommend criteria for defining lifting capacity, and in 1991 developed a revised lifting...

Faster sequential genetic linkage computations.

R.W. Cottingham, Ramana M. Idury, Alejandro A. Schäffer

Value Orientations, Gender, and Environmental Concern

Paul C. Stern, Thomas Dietz, Linda Kalof

Technique to improve chronic motor deficit after stroke.

Edward Taub, Neal E. Miller, Thomas A. Novack, Edwin W. Cook, Fleming Wc, Nepomuceno C, Jean E. Crago

A geometric model for active contours in image processing

We propose a new model for active contours based on a geometric partial differential equation. Our model is intrinsec, stable (satisfies the maximum principle) and permits a rigorous mathematical analysis. It enables us to extract smooth shapes (we cannot...

Regulation of endogenous fat and carbohydrate metabolism in relation to exercise intensity and duration

tracers and indirect calorimetry were used to evaluate the regulation of endogenous fat and glucose metabolism in relation to exercise intensity and duration. Five trained subjects were studied during exercise intensities of 25, 65, and 85% of maximal...

Motivation in the Classroom: Reciprocal Effects of Teacher Behavior and Student Engagement across the School Year.

On the basis of a new model of motivation, we examined the effects of 3 dimensions of teacher (n = 14) behavior (involvement, structure, and autonomy support) on 144 children's (Grades 3-5) behavioral and emotional engagement across a school year. Correlational...

r-sub(wg): An assessment of within-group interrater agreement.

Lawrence R. James, Robert G. Demaree, Gerrit Wolf

Reducing mortality from colorectal cancer by screening for fecal occult blood. Minnesota Colon Cancer Control Study.

Jack S. Mandel, John H. Bond, Timothy R. Church, Dale C. Snover, Guy Bradley, Leonard M. Schuman, Fred Ederer

Estimating Mediated Effects in Prevention Studies

The purpose of this article is to describe statistical procedures to assess how prevention and intervention programs achieve their effects. The analyses require the measurement of intervening or mediating variables hypothesized to represent the causal...

Beneficial effects of metoprolol in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy

Several small studies have suggested beneficial effects of long-term β-blocker treatment in idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Our large multicentre study aimed to find out whether metoprolol improves overall survival and morbidity in this disorder....

A Practical Guide to Usability Testing

From the Publisher:Written in plain English and filled with examples from many types of products and tests, the book discusses the full range of testing options from quick studies with a few subjects to more formal tests with carefully designed controls....

Assessing the Dimensionality and Structure of the Consumption Experience: Evaluation, Feeling, and Satisfaction

This article examines the underlying dimensionality of three aspects of the post-consumption experience—product evaluation, product-elicited affect, and product satisfaction. In addition, the article integrates these concepts through a suggested causal...

Biodiversity and ecosystem function

E.-D. Schulze, Harold A. Mooney

Shape Complementarity at Protein/Protein Interfaces

A new statistic Sc, which has a number of advantages over other measures of packing, is used to examine the shape complementarity of protein/protein interfaces selected from the Brookhaven Protein Data Bank. It is shown using Sc that antibody/antigen...

Quantitative effects of grazing on vegetation and soils over a global range of environments

Multiple regression analyses were performed on a worldwide 236—site data set compiled from studies that compared species composition, aboveground net primary production (ANPP), root biomass, and soil nutrients of grazed vs. protected, ungrazed sites....

The Highly Irregular Firing of Cortical Cells Is Inconsistent with Temporal Integration of Random EPSPs

How random is the discharge pattern of cortical neurons? We examined recordings from primary visual cortex (Vl; Knierim and Van Essen, 1992) and extrastriate cortex (MT; Newsome et al., 1989a) of awake, behaving macaque monkey and compared them to analytical...

A Review and an Integration of Research on Job Burnout

Burnout is a unique type of stress syndrome, characterized by emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and diminished personal accomplishment. Although burnout has been shown to be potentially very costly in the helping professions, such as nursing, education,...

Introduction to plant population biology

Silvertown, J.W.Lovett Doust, J.

The O-Ring Theory of Economic Development

This paper proposes a production function describing processes subject to mistakes in any of several tasks. It shows that high-skill workers—those who make few mistakes—will be matched together in equilibrium, and that wages and output will rise steeply...

Stable adaptive fuzzy control of nonlinear systems

A direct adaptive fuzzy controller that does not require an accurate mathematical model of the system under control, is capable of incorporating fuzzy if-then control rules directly into the controllers, and guarantees the global stability of the resulting...

Chemical composition and evolution of the upper continental crust: Contrasting results from surface samples and shales

The average chemical composition of juvenile upper continental crust (UC) as a function of age is estimated from chemical analyses, geologic maps, stratigraphic sections and isotopic ages. High plutonic/supracrustal ratios in Archean UC may reflect in...

Toolglass and magic lenses: the see-through interface

Eric A. Bier, Ken Pier, Bill Buxton, Tony DeRose

A Triple Dissociation of Memory Systems: Hippocampus, Amygdala, and Dorsal Striatum

This study investigated the respective roles of the hippocampus, the amygdala, and the dorsal striatum in learning and memory. A standard set of experimental conditions for studying the effects of lesions to the three brain areas using an 8-arm radial...

SIMULATOR SICKNESS QUESTIONNAIRE: AN ENHANCED METHOD FOR QUANTIFYING SIMULATOR SICKNESS.

Simulator sickness (SS) in high-fidelity visual simulators is a byproduct of modem simulation technology. Although it involves symptoms similar to those of motion-induced sickness (MS), SS tends to be less severe, to be of lower incidence, and to originate...

Separate Spheres Bargaining and the Marriage Market

This paper introduces the 'separate spheres' bargaining model, a new model of distribution within marriage. It differs from divorce threat bargaining models in that the threat point is not divorce but a noncooperative equilibrium within marriage; this...

Dimensional Reduction in Quantum Gravity

: The requirement that physical phenomena associated with gravitational collapse should be duly reconciled with the postulates of quantum mechanics implies that at a Planckian scale our world is not 3+1 dimensional. Rather, the observable degrees of freedom...

Lipschitzian optimization without the Lipschitz constant

We present a new algorithm for finding the global minimum of a multivariate function subject to simple bounds. The algorithm is a modification of the standard Lipschitzian approach that eliminates the need to specify a Lipschitz constant. This is done...

A revolution morphometrics

We are now in the midst of a revolution in morphometric methodology. The new approaches are more effective in capturing information about the shape of an organism and result in more powerful statistical procedures for testing for differences in s shape....

A novel domain within the 55 kd TNF receptor signals cell death

L A Tartaglia, T.Merrill Ayres, Grace H.W. Wong, David V. Goeddel

Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy with [111In-DTPA-d-Phe1]- and [123I-Tyr3]-octreotide: the Rotterdam experience with more than 1000 patients

Various tumours, classically specified as either neuroendocrine or non-neuroendocrine, contain high numbers of somatostatin receptors, which enable in vivo localization of the primary tumour and its me- tastases by scintigraphy with the radiolabelled...

The Unified Medical Language System

Donald A. B. Lindberg, Betsy L. Humphreys, Alexa T. McCray

A survey of the nature and extent of bullying in junior/middle and secondary schools

Summary As part of a survey service developed to assess bullying in schools, anonymous questionnaires were given to over 6,000 pupils in 17 junior/middle and seven secondary schools in the Sheffield LEA. The results are analysed in terms of frequencies...

Abnormal behavior associated with a point mutation in the structural gene for monoamine oxidase A

Genetic and metabolic studies have been done on a large kindred in which several males are affected by a syndrome of borderline mental retardation and abnormal behavior.The types of behavior that occurred include impulsive aggression, arson, attempted...

Commitment and employee behavior: comparison of affective commitment and continuance commitment with perceived organizational support

The social exchange view of commitment (R. Eisenberger, R. Huntington, S. Hutchison, & D. Sowa, 1986) suggests that employees' perceptions of the organization's commitment to them (perceived organizational support, or POS) creates feelings of obligation...

Broadcast Encryption

We introduce new theoretical measures for the qualitative and quantitative assessment of encryption schemes designed for broadcast transmissions. The goal is to allow a central broadcast site to broadcast secure transmissions to an arbitrary set of recipients...

Serum Prostate-Specific Antigen in a Community-Based Population of Healthy Men: Establishment of Age-Specific Reference Ranges

Objective. —To define the characteristics of serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA) in a population of healthy men without clinically evident prostate cancer, but who are at risk for developing the malignancy. The influence of patient age and prostatic...

FINITE‐SAMPLE SIZES OF JOHANSEN's LIKELIHOOD RATIO TESTS FOR COINTEGRATION

This study examines the finite-sample bias of S. Johansen's likelihood ratio tests for cointegration using the Monte Carlo method. Response surface analysis is employed to obtain approximations to the finite-sample critical values and illustrate the individual...

Women and Men in Management

Gary N. Powell, Lisa A. Mainiero

Plasticity in the frequency representation of primary auditory cortex following discrimination training in adult owl monkeys

Previous studies have shown that the tonotopic organization of primary auditory cortex is altered subsequent to restricted cochlear lesions (Robertson and Irvine, 1989) and that the topographic reorganization of the primary somatosensory cortex is correlated...

Does Studying Economics Inhibit Cooperation

In this paper we investigate whether exposure to the self-interest model commonly used in economics alters the extent to which people behave in self-interested ways. First, we report the results of several empirical studies—some our own, some by others—that...

Oncoprotein MDM2 conceals the activation domain of tumour suppressor p53

Jonathan D. Oliner, Jennifer A. Pietenpol, Sam Thiagalingam, Jeno Gyuris, Kenneth W. Kinzler, Bert Vogelstein

Progress in supervised neural networks

Theoretical results concerning the capabilities and limitations of various neural network models are summarized, and some of their extensions are discussed. The network models considered are divided into two basic categories: static networks and dynamic...

Age and Gender Differences in Children's Self- and Task Perceptions during Elementary School.

Jacquelynne S. Eccles, Allan Wigfield, Rena D. Harold, Phyllis C. Blumenfeld

Association of the APC tumor suppressor protein with catenins

Mutations of APC appear to initiate sporadic and inherited forms of human colorectal cancer. Although these mutations have been well characterized, little is known about the function of the APC gene product. Two cellular proteins that associate with APC...

An osmosensing signal transduction pathway in yeast

Yeast genes were isolated that are required for restoring the osmotic gradient across the cell membrane in response to increased external osmolarity. Two of these genes, HOG1 and PBS2, encode members of the mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAP kinase)...

Core based trees (CBT)

One of the central problems in one-to-many wide-area communications is forming the delivery tree - the collection of nodes and links that a multicast packet traverses. Significant problems remain to be solved in the area of multicast tree formation, the...

Nosocomial pneumonia in ventilated patients: a cohort study evaluating attributable mortality and hospital stay.

Jean-Yves Fagon, Jean Chastre, Allan J. Hance, Philippe Montravers, Ana Novara, Claude Gibert

NITRIC OXIDE (NO) AND NOCICEPTIVE PROCESSING IN THE SPINAL CORD

There is considerable evidence to implicate (NMDA) receptor activation in the mechanisms that underly thermal hyperalgesia in the spinal cord. As many of the effects of NMDA receptor activation appear to be ultimately mediated through production of nitric...

A functionally conserved homolog of the Drosophila segment polarity gene hh is expressed in tissues with polarizing activity in zebrafish embryos

The segment polarity gene hedgehog (hh) encodes a novel signaling protein that mediates local cell-cell interactions in the developing Drosophila embryo. Here we describe the existence of an hh-related gene family in the zebrafish, Brachydanio rerio....

What is Strategy - And Does it Matter?

In his introduction to this book on corporate strategy, Richard Whittington makes the point that the great number of published books on strategic management all cover much the same ground and present similar recipes for success, and few indulge in self-questioning....

Does Fairness Prevent Market Clearing? An Experimental Investigation

This paper reports the results of an experiment that was designed to test the impact of fairness on market prices. Prices were determined in a one-sided oral auction, with buyers as price-makers. Upon acceptance of an offer, sellers determined the quality...

The American college of rheumatology preliminary core set of disease activity measures for rheumatoid arthritis clinical trials

David T. Felson, Jennifer J. Anderson, Maarten Boers, Claire Bombardier, Miriam Chernoff, Fried B, Daniel Furst, Charles Goldsmith, Stephanie Kieszak, Robert Lightfoot, Paulus He, Peter Tugwell, Weinblatt Me, Rudolph Widmark, H. James Williams, Frederick Wolfe

Vague sets

A vague set is a set of objects, each of which has a grade of membership whose value is a continuous subinterval of

Affect, Cognition, and Awareness: Affective Priming With Optimal and Suboptimal Stimulus Exposures

The affective primacy hypothesis (R. B. Zajonc, 1980) asserts that positive and negative affective reactions can be evoked with minimal stimulus input and virtually no cognitive processing. The present work tested this hypothesis by comparing the effects...

"Diabodies": small bivalent and bispecific antibody fragments

Philipp Holliger, Terence Prospero, Greg Winter

The SRF accessory protein Elk-1 contains a growth factor-regulated transcriptional activation domain.

Summary The Elk-l and SRF transcription factors form a ternary complex at the c-fos serum response element (SRE). Growth factor stimulation rapidly induces a reversible change in the electrophoretic mobility of the ternary complex, accompanied by increased...

Collapsin: A protein in brain that induces the collapse and paralysis of neuronal growth cones

SummaryRepulsive guidance cues can steer neuronal growth cones during development and prevent mature axons from regenerating. We have identified a 100 kd glycoprotein in the chick brain that is a good candidate for a repulsive cue. Since it induces the...

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