CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 1993

Page 4
Nitric oxide activates cyclooxygenase enzymes.

Salvemini D, Thomas P. Misko, Jaime L. Masferrer, Karen Seibert, Mark G. Currie, Needleman P

Mesorectal excision for rectal cancer

Concern about world wide local recurrence rates for rectal cancer of 20-45%, together with anxiety at the recent proliferation of adjuvant therapies, led us to review the efficacy of total mesorectal excision (TME) with which no adjuvant therapy had been...

Neural Networks for Optimization and Signal Processing

From the Publisher:Artificial neural networks can be employed to solve a wide spectrum of problems in optimization, parallel computing, matrix algebra and signal processing. Taking a computational approach, this book explains how ANNs provide solutions...

PNA HYBRIDIZES TO COMPLEMENTARY OLIGONUCLEOTIDES OBEYING THE WATSON-CRICK HYDROGEN-BONDING RULES

DNA ANALOGUES are currently being intensely investigated owing to their potential as gene-targeted drugs1-3. Furthermore, their properties and interaction with DNA and RNA could provide a better understanding of the structural features of natural DNA...

Fiscal Policy and Economic Growth: An Empirical Investigation

This paper describes the empirical regularities relating fiscal policy variables, the level of development and the rate of growth. We employ historical data, recent cross-section data, and newly constructed public investment series. Our main findings...

Comprehensive geriatric assessment: a meta-analysis of controlled trials

Andreas E. Stuck, Albert L. Siu, Gabriele Wieland, Laurence Z. Rubenstein, John L. Adams

Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol

The Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) provides a framework for passing configuration information to hosts on a TCPIP network. DHCP is based on the Bootstrap Protocol (BOOTP) [7], adding the capability of automatic allocation of reusable network...

Lethal effect of the anti-Fas antibody in mice.

Jun Ogasawara, Rie Watanabe-Fukunaga, Masashi Adachi, Akio Matsuzawa, Tsutomu Kasugai, Yukihiko Kitamura, Naoto Itoh, Takashi Suda, Shigekazu Nagata

Central Bank Independence and Macroeconomic Performance: Some Comparative Evidence

This note uses information on a sample of sixteen OECD countries to assess the relationship between central bank independence and macroeconomic performance. As previous work suggests, politically controlled central banks are more likely to pursue policies...

Policy change and learning : an advocacy coalition approach

Alasdair S. Roberts, Paul A. Sabatier, Hank C. Jenkins-Smith

ECONOMETRIC METHODS FOR FRACTIONAL RESPONSE VARIABLES WITH AN APPLICATION TO 401 (K) PLAN PARTICIPATION RATES

We offer simple quasi-likelihood methods for estimating regression models with a fractional dependent variable and for performing asymptotically valid inference. Compared with log-odds type procedures, there is no difficulty in recovering the regression...

Mutation of human short tandem repeats

James L. Weber, Carmen P. Wong

Integrins αvβ3 and αvβ5 promote adenovirus internalization but not virus attachment

Adenovirus contains a heterodimeric protein complex consisting of 186 kd fiber protein that mediates high affinity virus attachment to cells and a 400 kd pentavalent subunit (penton base) that contains five Arg-Gly-Asp sequences, implying a role for integrins...

Direct formation of quantum‐sized dots from uniform coherent islands of InGaAs on GaAs surfaces

The 2D–3D growth mode transition during the initial stages of growth of highly strained InGaAs on GaAs is used to obtain quantum‐sized dot structures. Transmission electron micrographs reveal that when the growth of In0.5Ga0.5As is interrupted exactly...

Rational design of potent sialidase-based inhibitors of influenza virus replication

Mark von Itzstein, Wen-Yang Wu, Gaik B. Kok, Michael S. Pegg, Jeffrey C. Dyason, Betty Jin, Tho Van Phan, Mark L. Smythe, Hume F. White, Stuart Oliver, P.M. Colman, Joseph N. Varghese, D. Michael Ryan, Jacqueline M. Woods, Richard C. Bethell, Vanessa J. Hotham, Janet M. Cameron, Charles R. Penn

Narrow molecular weight resins by a free radical polymerization process

Michael K. Georges, Richard P. N. Veregin, Peter M. Kazmaier, Gordon K. Hamer

Transforming growth factor beta 1 null mutation in mice causes excessive inflammatory response and early death.

A B Kulkarni, Chan Guk Huh, D Becker, Geiser Ag, M Lyght, Kathleen C. Flanders, Anita B. Roberts, Michael B. Sporn, Jerrold M. Ward, Stefan Karlsson

Are there positive spillovers from direct foreign investment? : Evidence from panel data for Morocco

Many developing countries now actively solicit foreign investment, offering income tax holidays, import duty exemptions, and subsidies to foreign firms. One reason for subsidizing these firms is the positive spillover from transferring technology to domestic...

The Association of Changes in Physical-Activity Level and Other Lifestyle Characteristics with Mortality among Men

The authors analyze the association between mortality and changes in the physical activity level of U.S. males. The data concern Harvard University alumni originally interviewed in 1962 or 1967 reinterviewed in 1977 and followed up in 1985. The results...

Germ-line mutations of the RET proto-oncogene in multiple endocrine neoplasia type 2A

Lois M. Mulligan, John Kwok, Catherine S. Healey, M Elsdon, Sara E. Mole, Julie K. Moore, Laura Papi

Conducting Interorganizational Research Using Key Informants

In this article, we examine the use of the key informant methodology by researchers investigating interorganizational relationships. Authors have advocated the use of multiple informants to increase the reliability and validity of informant’s reports....

Model-Based Gaussian and Non-Gaussian Clustering

Jeffrey D. Banfield, Adrian E. Raftery

How coping mediates the effect of optimism on distress: a study of women with early stage breast cancer.

Charles S. Carver, Christina Pozo, Suzanne D. Harris, Victoria Noriega, Michael F. Scheier, David S. Robinson, Alfred S. Ketcham, Frederick L. Moffat, Kimberley C. Clark

Institutional conditions for diffusion

David Strang, John W. Meyer

The use of the L-curve in the regularization of discrete ill-posed problems

Regularization algorithms are often used to produce reasonable solutions to ill-posed problems. The L-curve is a plot—for all valid regularization parameters—of the size of the regularized solution versus the size of the corresponding residual. Two...

Electron transfer reactions in chemistry. Theory and experiment

Electron transfer reactions in chemistry. Theory and experiment

Genetics of bacteriocins produced by lactic acid bacteria

Lactic acid bacteria produce a variety of bacteriocins that have recently come under detailed investigation. The biochemical and genetic characteristics of these antimicrobial proteins are reviewed and common elements are discussed between the different...

High-spin molecules : [Mn12O12(O2CR)16(H2O)4]

Roberta Sessoli, Hui-Lien Tsai, Ann R. Schake, Sheyi Wang, John B. Vincent, Kirsten Folting, Dante Gatteschi, George Christou, D. N. Hendrickson

Galton's fallacy and tests of the convergence hypothesis

Recent tests for the convergence hypothesis derive from regressing average growth rates on initial levels: a negative initial level coefficient is interpreted as convergence. These tests turn out to be plagued by Galton's classical fallacy of regression...

Do Neighborhoods Influence Child and Adolescent Development

The effects of neighborhood characteristics on the development of children and adolescents are estimated, using two data sets, each of which contains information gathered about individual children and the families and neighborhoods in which they reside....

Micromachining a miniaturized capillary electrophoresis-based chemical analysis system on a chip

Micromachining technology was used to prepare chemical analysis systems on glass chips (1 centimeter by 2 centimeters or larger) that utilize electroosmotic pumping to drive fluid flow and electrophoretic separation to distinguish sample components. Capillaries...

Mice deficient for the 55 kd tumor necrosis factor receptor are resistant to endotoxic shock, yet succumb to L. monocytogenes infection

The multiple biological activities of tumor necrosis factor (TNF) are mediated by two distinct cell surface receptors of 55 kd (TNFRp55) and 75 kd (TNFRp75). Using gene targeting, we generated a TNFRp55-deficient mouse strain. Cells from TNFRp55-/- mutant...

Requirement of salicylic acid for the induction of systemic acquired resistance

It has been proposed that salicylic acid acts as an endogenous signal responsible for inducing systemic acquired resistance in plants. The contribution of salicylic acid to systemic acquired resistance was investigated in transgenic tobacco plants harboring...

Cooling functions for low-density astrophysical plasmas

Ralph S. Sutherland, Michael A. Dopita

An essential role for interferon gamma in resistance to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection.

JoAnne L. Flynn, John Chan, Triebold Kj, D K Dalton, T A Stewart, Bloom Br

Dispersion-relation-preserving finite difference schemes for computational acoustics

Acoustics problems are governed by the linearized Euler equations. According to wave propagation theory, the number of wave modes and their wave propagation characteristics are all encoded in the dispersion relations of the governing equations. Thus one...

Quantum Inverse Scattering Method and Correlation Functions

: The book contain detailed explanation of Bethe Ansatz, Quantum Inverse Scattering Method and Algebraic Bether Ansatz as well. Main Models are Nonlinear Schrodinger equation (one dimensional Bose gas), Sine-Gordon and Thiring models. Heisenberg Antiferromagnet...

Brief interventions for alcohol problems: a review

Thomas H. Bien, William R. Miller, J. Scott Tonigan

The role of secondary brain injury in determining outcome from severe head injury.

Chesnut Rm, Lawrence F. Marshall, Melville R. Klauber, B. A. Blunt, Baldwin N, Howard M. Eisenberg, John A. Jane, Anthony Marmarou, Mary A. Foulkes

Nonholonomic motion planning: steering using sinusoids

Methods for steering systems with nonholonomic c.onstraints between arbitrary configurations are investigated. Suboptimal trajectories are derived for systems that are not in canonical form. Systems in which it takes more than one level of bracketing...

Massive covert infection of helper T lymphocytes and macrophages by HIV during the incubation period of AIDS

Janet Embretson, Mary Zupancic, Jorge L. Ribas, Alien Burke, Paul Racz, Klara Tenner-Racz, Ashley T. Haase

Capital Inflows and Real Exchange Rate Appreciation in Latin America: The Role of External Factors

The characteristics of recent capital inflows into Latin America are discussed. It is argued that these inflows are partly explained by conditions outside the region, like the recession in the United States and lower international interest rates. The...

Hypercholesterolemia increases endothelial superoxide anion production.

Indirect evidence suggests accelerated degradation of endothelium-derived nitric oxide (EDNO) by superoxide anion (°2) in hypercholesterolemic vessels (HV). To directly measure0 2 production by normal vessels (NV) and HV, we used an assay for 02 based...

Dielectric polarizabilities of ions in oxides and fluorides

A set of 61 ion polarizabilities has been derived from the dielectric constants of 129 oxides and 25 fluorides using a least squares refinement technique in conjunction with the Clausius–Mosotti equation. These polarizabilities can be used to estimate...

Programmed cell death and the control of cell survival: lessons from the nervous system

During the development of the vertebrate nervous system, up to 50 percent or more of many types of neurons normally die soon after they form synaptic connections with their target cells. This massive cell death is thought to reflect the failure of these...

Theory of polarization of crystalline solids.

R. D. King-Smith, David Vanderbilt

Coupled cluster theory for high spin, open shell reference wave functions

The coupled cluster method restricted to single and double excitations (CCSD) is considered for the case of a spin restricted Hartree–Fock open shell reference determinant. A spin–orbital based formulation, in which the cluster operator spans exactly...

Carbon monoxide: A putative neural messenger

Carbon monoxide, an activator of guanylyl cyclase, is formed by the action of the enzyme heme oxygenase. By in situ hybridization in brain slices, discrete neuronal localization of messenger RNA for the constitutive form of heme oxygenase throughout the...

The performance of a family of density functional methods

ab initio methods Hartree-Fock, second-order Moller-Plesset, and quadratic configuration interaction with single and double substitutions (QCISD). The standard 6-31G* basis set was used for orbital expansion, and self-consistent Kohn-Sham orbitals were...

The extracellular matrix as a cell survival factor.

J Meredith, B. Fazeli, Martin A. Schwartz

The analysis of observed chaotic data in physical systems

Reggie Brown, John J. Sidorowich, Lev S. Tsimring

LogP: towards a realistic model of parallel computation

A vast body of theoretical research has focused either on overly simplistic models of parallel computation, notably the PRAM, or overly specific models that have few representatives in the real world. Both kinds of models encourage exploitation of formal...

Finite-element methods for active contour models and balloons for 2-D and 3-D images

The use of energy-minimizing curves, known as "snakes" to extract features of interest in images has been introduced by Kass, Witkin and Terzopoulos (1987). A balloon model was introduced by Cohen (1991) as a way to generalize and solve some of the problems...

Variable selection via Gibbs sampling

A crucial problem in building a multiple regression model is the selection of predictors to include. The main thrust of this article is to propose and develop a procedure that uses probabilistic considerations for selecting promising subsets. This procedure...

Timid choices and bold forecasts: a cognitive perspective on risk taking

Decision makers have a strong tendency to consider problems as unique. They isolate the current choice from future opportunities and neglect the statistics of the past in evaluating current plans. Overly cautious attitudes to risk result from a failure...

Structure of the Actin−Myosin Complex and Its Implications for Muscle Contraction

Muscle contraction consists of a cyclical interaction between myosin and actin driven by the concomitant hydrolysis of adenosine triphosphate (ATP). A model for the rigor complex of F actin and the myosin head was obtained by combining the molecular structures...

Local Quantum Physics

Meinhard E. Mayer

Sex and depression in the National Comorbidity Survey I: Lifetime prevalence, chronicity and recurrence ☆

Basic epidemiologic prevalence data are presented on sex differences in DSM-III-R major depressive episodes (MDE). The data come from the National Comorbidity Survey (NCS), the first survey in the U.S. to administer a structured psychiatric interview...

Terrestrial ecosystem production: A process model based on global satellite and surface data

Christopher Potter, James T. Randerson, Christopher B. Field, Pamela A. Matson, Peter M. Vitousek, H. A. Mooney

Do Obese Children Become Obese Adults? A Review of the Literature

Background. Obese children may be at increased risk of becoming obese adults. To examine the relationship between obesity in childhood and obesity in adulthood, we reviewed the epidemiologic literature published between 1970 and July 1992. Comparison...

Cloning the differences between two complex genomes

The analysis of the differences between two complex genomes holds promise for the discovery of infectious agents and probes useful for genetic studies. A system was developed in which subtractive and kinetic enrichment was used to purify restriction endonuclease...

Psychological impact of biculturalism: Evidence and theory.

Teresa D. LaFromboise, Hardin L. K. Coleman, Jennifer Gerton

Cambridge Studies in Advanced Mathematics 39

Winfried Bruns, Jürgen Herzog, Cohen-macaulay Rings

Molecular profile of reactive astrocytes—Implications for their role in neurologic disease

The central nervous system responds to diverse neurologic injuries with a vigorous activation of astrocytes. While this phenomenon is found in many different species, its function is obscure. Understanding the molecular profile characteristic of reactive...

Minimum Wages and Employment: A Case Study of the Fast Food Industry in New Jersey and Pennsylvania

On April 1, 1992, New Jersey's minimum wage rose from $4.25 to $5.05 per hour. To evaluate the impact of the law, the authors surveyed 410 fast-food restaurants in New Jersey and eastern Pennsylvania before and after the rise. Comparisons of employment...

RELATIONS BETWEEN WORK GROUP CHARACTERISTICS AND EFFECTIVENESS: IMPLICATIONS FOR DESIGNING EFFECTIVE WORK GROUPS

Five common themes were derived from the literature on effective work groups, and then characteristics representing the themes were related to effectivness criteria. Themes included job design, interdependence, composition, context, and process. They...

X-ray interactions: Photoabsorption, scattering, transmission, and reflection at E = 50-30,000 eV, Z = 1-92

The primary interactions of low-energy x-rays within condensed matter, viz. photoabsorption and coherent scattering, have been described for photon energies outside the absorption threshold regions by using atomic scattering factors. The atomic scattering...

Thioflavine T interaction with synthetic Alzheimer's disease β‐amyloid peptides: Detection of amyloid aggregation in solution

~~~~ ~ ~~~~ ~~~~ Abstract Thioflavine T (ThT) associates rapidly with aggregated fibrils of the synthetic PjACderived peptides p( 1-28) and p(1-40), giving rise to a new excitation (ex) (absorption) maximum at 450 nm and enhanced emission (em) at 482...

Real-Coded Genetic Algorithms and Interval-Schemata

In this paper we introduce interval-schemata as a tool for analyzing real-coded genetic algorithms (GAs). We show how interval-schemata are analogous to Holland's symbol-schemata and provide a key to understanding the implicit parallelism of real-valued...

Early, postnatal experience alters hypothalamic corticotropin-releasing factor (CRF) mRNA, median eminence CRF content and stress-induced release in adult rats

Rat pups 2–14 days of age were exposed daily to handling (15 min of separation from mother and home cage), maternal separation (MS; 180 min of comparable separation), or were left entirely undisturbed (non-handled; NH). As adults, MS rats showed increased...

Proline biosynthesis and osmoregulation in plants

Ashton J. Delauney, Desh Pal S. Verma

Database mining: a performance perspective

The authors' perspective of database mining as the confluence of machine learning techniques and the performance emphasis of database technology is presented. Three classes of database mining problems involving classification, associations, and sequences...

Analysis of genetic mosaics in developing and adult Drosophila tissues

We have constructed a series of strains to facilitate the generation and analysis of clones of genetically distinct cells in developing and adult tissues of Drosophila. Each of these strains carries an FRT element, the target for the yeast FLP recombinase,...

A simple distributed autonomous power control algorithm and its convergence

For wireless cellular communication systems, one seeks a simple effective means of power control of signals associated with randomly dispersed users that are reusing a single channel in different cells. By effecting the lowest interference environment,...

Genotypic and phenotypic characterization of HIV-1 patients with primary infection

Better characterization of human immunodeficiency virus-type 1 (HIV-1) in patients with primary infection has important implications for the development of an acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) vaccine because vaccine strategies should target viral...

Bcl-2 inhibition of neural death: decreased generation of reactive oxygen species

The proto-oncogene bcl-2 inhibits apoptotic and necrotic neural cell death. Expression of Bcl-2 in the GT1-7 neural cell line prevented death as a result of glutathione depletion. Intracellular reactive oxygen species and lipid peroxides rose rapidly...

Parts and wholes in face recognition

Are faces recognized using more holistic representations than other types of stimuli? Taking holistic representation to mean representation without an internal part structure, we interpret the available evidence on this issue and then design new empirical...

Nutrition Intervention Trials in Linxian, China: Supplementation With Specific Vitamin/Mineral Combinations, Cancer Incidence, and Disease-Specific Mortality in the General Population

William J. Blot, Jun-Yao Li, Philip R. Taylor, Wande Guo, Sanford M. Dawsey, Guoqing Wang, Chung S. Yang, Su-Fang Zheng, Mitchell H. Gail, Guangyi Li, Yu Yu, Buo-Qi Liu, Joseph A. Tangrea, Yuhai Sun, Liu Fs, Joseph F. Fraumeni, Youhui Zhang, Bing Li

« Prev. Next »
First ... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ... Last

© 2016-2018 CiteWeb.info — WorldWeb citation database

Up ↑