Generalized Expectancies for Internal versus External Control of Reinforcement

Generalized Expectancies for Internal versus External Control of Reinforcement

The theory of consumer behavior in deterministic situations as set out by, say, Debreu (1959, 1960) or Uzawa (1960) is a thing of great aesthetic beauty, a jewel set in a glass case. The product of a long process of refinement from the nineteenth-century...

Maxwell's equations are replaced by a set of finite difference equations. It is shown that if one chooses the field points appropriately, the set of finite difference equations is applicable for a boundary condition involving perfectly conducting surfaces....

Freddie Bray, J. Ferlay, M. Laversanne, Dorothy Brewster, C. Gombe Mbalawa, B. Kohler, M. Piñeros, E. Steliarova-Foucher, R. Swaminathan, S. Antoni, I. Soerjomataram, Forman Dt

Richard C. Graham, Morris J. Karnovsky

A method is deseribed for quantitative analysis of proteins with a charge differing from that of the bulk of the immunoglobulins. The method utilizes the difference between the rate of electrophoretic migration of proteins and of their antibody complexes...

This chapter focuses on international investment and international trade in the product cycle. It is a mistake to assume that equal access to scientific principles in all the advanced countries means equal probability of the application of these principles...

In this edition of Introduction to the Rock-Forming Minerals, most of the commonly occurring minerals of igneous, metamorphic and sedimentary rocks are discussed in terms of structure, chemistry, optical and other physical properties, distinguishing features...

Ferdinand de Saussure, Charles Bally, Albert Sechehaye, Albert Riedlinger, Wade Baskin

The methods used by collaborators in the International Streptomyces Project (ISP) for emendation of descriptions of type and neotype strains of the genus Streptomyces (Actinomycetales) are presented.

Jan Tauc, R. Grigorovici, A. Vancu

4 modes of reacting to the late adolescent identity crisis were described, measured, and validated. Criteria for inclusion in 1 of 4 identity statuses were the presence of crisis and commitment in the areas of occupation and ideology. Statuses were determined...

Information content may be used as a measure of the diversity of a many-species biological collection. The diversity of small collections, all of whose members can be identified and counted, is defined by Brillouin's measure of information. With larger...

This paper investigates the properties of a market for risky assets on the basis of a simple model of general equilibrium of exchange, where individual investors seek to maximize preference functions over expected yield and variance of yield on their...

Статья нобелевского лауреата Герберта Саймона посвящена критике абсолютной рациональности и максимизирующего поведения и предложению...

SUMMARY This paper is concerned with the representation of a multivariate sample of size n as points P1, P2, ..., PI in a Euclidean space. The interpretation of the distance A(Pi, Pj) between the ith andjth members of the sample is discussed for some...

SUMMARY A collection of 267 strains, representing many of the principal biotypes among aerobic pseudomonads, has been subjected to detailed study, with particular emphasis on biochemical, physiological and nutritional characters. A total of 146 different...

A method is suggested for the calculation of the matrix elements of the logarithm of an operator which gives the exact wavefunction when operating on the wavefunction in the one‐electron approximation. The method is based on the use of the creation...

Daniel E. Koshland, Némethy G, David L. Filmer

Examines empirical evidence on allocative efficiency in economics. Comparison of the merit of allocative efficiency with X-efficiency, an unindentified type of efficiency which has motivation as its major element; Analysis of the magnitude and nature...

Richard F. Thompson, William A. Spencer

A. M. Gordon, A. F. Huxley, F J Julian

The model, Yij = μ1 + β1Ij + δij, defines stability parameters that may be used to describe the performance of a variety over a series of environments. Yij is the variety mean of the ith variety at the jth environment, µ1 is the ith variety mean over...

A sensitive method to determine the free amino groups in proteins is presented that makes use of the reagent 2,4,6-trinitrobenzenesulfonic acid. The relationship between absorbance and concentration (up to 1 mg/ml) was linear and the color was developed...

This paper is a review of the theory-of laser beams and resonators. It is meant to be tutorial in nature and useful in scope. No attempt is made to be exhaustive in the treatment. Rather, emphasis is placed on formulations and derivations which lead to...

The approximate self‐consistent molecular orbital theory with complete neglect of differential overlap (CNDO) presented in earlier papers has been modified in two ways. (a) Atomic matrix elements are chosen empirically using data on both atomic ionization...

J. M. Tanner, R. H. Whitehouse, Masahiro Takaishi

A theoretical development is presented which results in a relationship between the expectation value of the standard deviation of the frequency fluctuations for any finite number of data samples and the infinite time average value of the standard deviation,...

Ravenstein presented his celebrated paper on the laws of migration before the Royal Statistical Society on March 17 1885. His papers have stood the test of time and remain the starting point for work in migration theory. Ravensteins laws are summarized...

L. D. Metcalfe, Audrey Schmitz, J. R. Pelka

The behavior of each of a series of proteins during chromatography on columns of Sephadex G-200 may be correlated with the Stokes radius of the protein, but does not correlate with molecular weight. Proteins with Stokes radii as high as 107 A or molecular...

The consequences to fitness of several types of small age-specific effects on mortality are formulated mathematically. An effect of given form always has a larger consequence, or at least one as large, when it occurs earlier. By reference to a model in...

A quantitative theory is presented which describes the kinetics of coagulation of colloidal systems containing more than one dispersed species. A general expression has been derived to describe the potential energy of interaction between dissimilar spherical...

The linear response theory has given a general proof of the fluctuation-dissipation theorem which states that the linear response of a given system to an external perturbation is expressed in terms of fluctuation properties of the system in thermal equilibrium....

A procedure is described that gives almost quantitative separation of clean nuclei from a homogenate of rat liver. It is a modification of methods that use concentrated sucrose solutions rather than citric acid or detergents and, therefore, permits further...

George Rouser, A. N. Siakotos, Sidney Fleischer

The cell type responsible for inhibition by antigen of migration in vitro of peritoneal exudate cells obtained from tuberculin-hypersensitive guinea pigs was studied. Exudate populations were separated into component cell types, the lymphocyte and the...

ELIZA is a program operating within the MAC time-sharing system of MIT which makes certain kinds of natural language conversation between man and computer possible. Input sentences are analyzed on the basis of decomposition rules which are triggered by...

An approach to the sediment transport problem from general physics

Frederic M. Lord, Melvin R. Novick, Allan Birnbaum

Leonard E. Baum, Ted Petrie

Olof Vesterberg, Harry Svensson, R. Nevald, V. Frank, J. Brunvoll, E. Bunnenberg, Carl Djerassi, Ruth Records

These observations indicate that the long-lasting trace of an experience is not completely fixed, consolidated, or coded at the time of the experience. Consolidation requires time, and under at least some circumstances the processes of consolidation appear...

Ellis B. Page, Eugene Webb, Donald T. Campell, Richard D. Schwart, Lee Sechrest

If a person is shown a long list of familiar words and is then asked to recall the list, he can recall some words, but not all of them. It can be assumed that the person learns each single word at the time of its presentation, in the sense that the probability...

Bert F. Green, Philip J. Stone, Dexter Dunphy, Marshall S. Smith, Daniel M. Ogilvie

Following the Burdine approach, based on a model developed by Wyllie and Spangler, a theory is presented that develops the functional relationships among saturation, pressure difference, and permeabilities of air and liquid in terms of hydraulic properties...

Joseph H. Flynn, Leo A. Wall

Z. Placer, Linda L. Cushman, B. Connor Johnson

The essential features of the branch-and-bound approach to constrained optimization are described, and several specific applications are reviewed. These include integer linear programming (Land-Doig and Balas methods), nonlinear programming (minimization...

Gerald P. Bodey, Monica Buckley, Y. S. Sathe, Emil J. Freireich

Bernard Berelson, Paul F. Lazarsfeld, William N. McPhee

William Kubicek, Karnegis Jn, R.P. Patterson, D. A. Witsoe, R.H. Mattson

CULTURAL THOUGHT PATTERNS IN INTER‐CULTURAL EDUCATION

Patricia J. McConahey, Frank J. Dixon

Elliott F. Osserman, Dolores P. Lawlor

The "tip of the tongue" (TOT) phenomenon is a state in which one cannot quite recall a familiar word but can recall words of similar form and meaning. Several hundred such states were precipitated by reading to Ss the definitions of English words of low...

Surface diffusion of tungsten adatoms on several smooth, low‐index planes of the tungsten lattice has for the first time been followed by direct observation of individual atoms in the field‐ion microscope. Contrary to expectation, the mobility at...

Orkand Rk, Stephen W. Kuffler

Often in control design it is necessary to construct estimates of state variables which are not available by direct measurement. If a system is linear, its state vector can be approximately reconstructed by building an observer which is itself a linear...

The application of a new Fourier transform technique to magnetic resonancespectroscopy is explored. The method consists of applying a sequence of short rf pulses to the sample to be investigated and Fourier‐transforming the response of the system. The...

A. Ashkin, G. D. Boyd, R. G. Smith, A. A. Ballman, J. J. Levinstein, K. Nassau

The problem of obtaining the infrared spectrum of a molecular monolayer adsorbed on a bulk metal is discussed. The intensity of an infrared absorption band in radiation reflected from the surface is calculated for (a) various optical constants of the...

Volume changes of a granite, a marble, and an aplite were measured during deformation in triaxial compression at confining pressure of as much as 8 kb. Stress-volumetric strain behavior is qualitatively the same for these rocks and a wide variety of other...

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