CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Sociology

Page 5
Societal Change and Change in Family Violence from 1975 to 1985 as Revealed by Two National Surveys.

Comparisons between two national surveys conducted in 1975 and 1985 on the rates of physical violence against children and spouses are presented in this article. The sample consisted of 2143 families in 1975 and 3520 families in 1985. Findings showed...

Cities and the Geographies of “Actually Existing Neoliberalism”

This essay elaborates a critical geographical perspective on neoliberalism that emphasizes (a) the path–dependent character of neoliberal reform projects and (b) the strategic role of cities in the contemporary remaking of political–economic space....

Trust in leadership: Meta-analytic findings and implications for research and practice

In this study, the authors examined the findings and implications of the research on trust in leadership that has been conducted during the past 4 decades. First, the study provides estimates of the primary relationships between trust in leadership and...

A Standard International Socio-Economic Index of Occupational Status

In this paper we present an International Socio-Economic Index of occupational status (ISEI), derived from the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO), using comparably coded data on education, occupation, and income for 73,901 full-time...

Learning from Abroad: The Role of Policy Transfer in Contemporary Policy‐Making

In recent years there has been a growing body of literature within political science and international studies that directly and indirectly uses, discusses and analyzes the processes involved in lesson-drawing, policy convergence, policy diffusion and...

The Study of Boundaries in the Social Sciences

▪ Abstract In recent years, the concept of boundaries has been at the center of influential research agendas in anthropology, history, political science, social psychology, and sociology. This article surveys some of these developments while describing...

Economies of Signs and Space

This is a novel account of social change that supplants conventional understandings of `society' and presents a sociology that takes as its main unit of analysis flows through time and across space.Developing a comparative analysis of the UK and US, the...

Corporate Social Responsibility Theories: Mapping the Territory

The Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) field presents not only a landscape of theories but also a proliferation of approaches, which are controversial, complex and unclear. This article tries to clarify the sit- uation, ''mapping the territory'' by...

When Choice is Demotivating: Can One Desire Too Much of a Good Thing?

Current psychological theory and research affirm the positive affective and motivational consequences of having personal choice. These findings have led to the popular notion that the more choice, the better—that the human ability to manage, and the...

Method Variance in Organizational Research Truth or Urban Legend

It has become widely accepted that correlations between variables measured with the same method, usually self-report surveys, are inflated due to the action of common method variance (CMV), despite a number of sources that suggest the problem is overstated....

Rethinking assimilation theory for a new era of immigration.

We argue that assimilation theory has not lost its utility for the study of contemporary immigration to the United States. In making our case we review critically the canonical account of assimilation provided by Milton Gordon and others; we refer to...

An Evolutionary Approach to Norms

Iorms provide a powerful mechanism for regulating conflict in groups, even when there are more than two people and no central authority. This paper investigates the emergence and stability of behavioral norms in the context of a game played by people...

Developing fully functional E-government: A four stage model

Literature reports the experiences with e-government initiatives as chaotic and unmanageable, despite recent numerous initiatives at different levels of government and academic and practitioners’ conferences on e-government. E-government presents a...

Rationality and power : democracy in practice

"It's like the story of Little Town," an influential actor says in Rationality and Power when choosing a metaphor to describe how he manipulated rationality to gain power, "The bell ringer . . . has to set the church clock. So he calls the telephone exchange...

The Worldwide Governance Indicators: Methodology and Analytical Issues

This paper summarizes the methodology of the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) project, and related analytical issues. The WGI cover over 200 countries and territories, measuring six dimensions of governance starting in 1996: Voice and Accountability,...

The handbook of economic sociology

Neil J. Smelser, Richard Swedberg

Qualitative methods for health research

Judith Green, Nicki Thorogood

Toward a Conceptual Framework for Mixed-Method Evaluation Designs

Jennifer C. Greene, Valerie J. Caracelli, Wendy F. Graham

The Contours of Positive Human Health

The primary objectives of this article are (a) to put forth an explicit operational formulation of positive human health that goes beyond prevailing "absence of illness" criteria; (b) to clarify that positive human health does not derive from extant medical...

A theory of migration.

Ravenstein presented his celebrated paper on the laws of migration before the Royal Statistical Society on March 17 1885. His papers have stood the test of time and remain the starting point for work in migration theory. Ravensteins laws are summarized...

The New Mobilities Paradigm

Primera sessio del seminari 'Mobilities and Futures' a carrec del professor convidat John Urry, de la Universitat de Lancaster, sobre mobilitat, celebrat a Girona els dies 9 a 12 de juliol de 2012

Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants Part 1

Part one of this paper highlights how students today think and process information fundamentally differently from their predecessors, as a result of being surrounded by new technology. The author compares these “digital natives” with the older generation...

Contributing knowledge to electronic knowledge repositories: an empirical investigation

Organizations are attempting to leverage their knowledge resources by employing knowledge management (KM) systems, a key form of which are electronic knowledge repositories (EKRs). A large number of KM initiatives fail due to the reluctance of employees...

THE COHORT AS A CONCEPT IN THE STUDY OF SOCIAL CHANGE

Society persists despite the mortality of its individual members, through processes of demographic metabolism and particularly the annual infusion of birth cohorts. These may pose a threat to stability but they also provide the opportunity for societal...

A Framework for the Comparative Analysis of Organizations

Complex organizations are conceptualized in terms of their technologies, or the work done on raw materials. Two aspects of technology vary independently: the number of exceptions that must be handled, and the degree to which search is an analyzable or...

Habermas and the public sphere

The relationship between civil society and public life is in the forefront of contemporary discussion. No single scholarly voice informs this discussion more than that of Jurgen Habermas. His contributions have shaped the nature of debates over critical...

Resources and Relationships: Social Networks and Mobility in the Workplace

We examine how the structure and content of individuals' networks in the workplace affect intraorganizational mobility. Consistent with prior research, we find that an individual's mobility is enhanced by having a large, sparse network of informal ties...

Institutional conditions for diffusion

David Strang, John W. Meyer

Staff burn-out.

Herbert J. Freudenberger

Gender differences in risk taking : A meta-analysis

James P. Byrnes, David C. Miller, William D. Schafer

Narrative configuration in qualitative analysis

Narrative inquiry refers to a subset of qualitative research designs in which stories are used to describe human action. The term narrative has been employed by qualitative researchers with a variety of meanings. In the context of narrative inquiry, narrative...

Social Vulnerability to Environmental Hazards

County-level socioeconomic and demographic data were used to construct an index of social vulnerability to environmental hazards, called the Social Vulnerability Index (SoVI) for the United States based on 1990 data. Copyright (c) 2003 by the Southwestern...

Toward a Theory of Minority Group Relations.

Edgar F. Borgatta, Hubert M. Blalock

Reconsidering Baron and Kenny: Myths and Truths about Mediation Analysis

Baron and Kenny’s procedure for determining if an independent variable affects a dependent variable through some mediator is so well known that it is used by authors and requested by reviewers almost reflexively. Many research projects have been terminated...

The Epidemiologic Transition: A Theory of the Epidemiology of Population Change

Although d emography c ontinues t o b e t he most prominent discipline concerned with population dynamics, involvement of other disciplines is highly desirable. The case for a multidisciplinary approach to population theory has been aptly stated by Kurt...

SOCIAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE INTERNET

The Internet is a critically important research site for sociologists testing theories of technology diffusion and media effects, particularly because it is a medium uniquely capable of integrating modes of communication and forms of content. Current...

Political action: Mass participation in five western democracies

Samuel H. Barnes, Klaus R. Allerbeck, Barbara G. Farah, Felix J. Heunks, M. Kent Jennings, Hans Dieter Klingemann, Alan H. Marsh, Leopold Rosenmayr

Social Structure from Multiple Networks. I. Blockmodels of Roles and Positions

Networks of several distinct types of social tie are aggregated by a dual model that partitions a population while simultaneously identifying patterns of relations. Concepts and algorithms are demonstrated in five case studies involving up to 100 persons...

Development of a Short Acculturation Scale for Hispanics

Gerardo Marin, Fabio Sabogal, Barbara Vanoss Marin, Regina Otero-Sabogal, Eliseo J. Pérez-Stable

The closing of the American mind

Allan David Bloom, Saul Bellow, Andrew Ferguson

Why Doesn't This Feel Empowering? Working Through the Repressive Myths of Critical Pedagogy

Elizabeth Ellsworth finds that critical pedagogy, as represented in her review of the literature, has developed along a highly abstract and Utopian line which does not necessarily sustain the daily workings of the education its supporters advocate. The...

The nature of theory in information systems

The aim of this research essay is to examine the structural nature of theory in Information Systems. Despite the importance of theory, questions relating to its form and structure are neglected in comparison with questions relating to epistemology. The...

SOCIAL NETWORKS AND STATUS ATTAINMENT

▪ Abstract This essay traces the development of the research enterprise, known as the social resources theory, which formulated and tested a number of propositions concerning the relationships between embedded resources in social networks and socioeconomic...

Individualism and economic order

In this collection of writings, Nobel laureate Friedrich A. Hayek discusses topics from moral philosophy and the methods of the social sciences to economic theory as different aspects of the same central issue: free markets versus socialist planned economies....

The Rhetoric of Economics

Donald Nansen McCloskey

European Integration from the 1980s: State-Centric v. Multi-level Governance*

This article takes initial steps in evaluating contending models of EU governance. We argue that the sovereignty of individual states is diluted in the European arena by collective decision-making and by supranational institutions. In addition, European...

Culture and Consumption: A Theoretical Account of the Structure and Movement of the Cultural Meaning of Consumer Goods

Cultural meaning in a consumer society moves ceaselessly from one location to another. In the usual trajectory, cultural meaning moves first from the culturally constituted world to consumer goods and then from these goods to the individual consumer....

Factors Predicting the Subjective Well-Being of Nations

Ed Diener, Marissa L. Diener, Carol Diener

The psychology of reading

Keith Rayner, Alexander Pollatsek

Overcoming Resistance to Change

Lester Coch, John R. P. French

Who Is This we . Levels of Collective Identity and Self Representations

Cross-cultural perspectives have brought renewed interest in the social aspects of the self and the extent to which individuals define themselves in terms of their relationships to others and to social groups. This article provides a conceptual review...

Florencio Lopez de Silanes and Andrei Shleifer

Edward L. Glaeser, Rafael Laporta

Job Satisfaction and the Good Soldier: The Relationship Between Affect and Employee “Citizenship”

A measure of a wide array of employee activities on the job was completed by employees' supervisors at two points in time; employees reported their own job satisfaction via the Job Descriptive Index. Implications of relationships much higher than typically...

Racism and the press

Teun A. van Dijk

EMBEDDEDNESS IN THE MAKING OF FINANCIAL CAPITAL: HOW SOCIAL RELATIONS AND NETWORKS BENEFIT FIRMS SEEKING FINANCING *

The article investigates how social embeddedness affects an organization's acquisition and cost of financial capital in middle-market banking-a lucrative but understudied financial sector. Using existing theory and original fieldwork, Author develops...

Comparative Studies of Acculturative Stress.

John W. Berry, Uichol Kim, Doris Mok

Self-Generated Validity and Other Effects of Measurement on Belief, Attitude, Intention, and Behavior

Drawing from recent developments in social cognition, cognitive psychology, and behavioral decision theory, we analyzed when and how the act of measuring beliefs, attitudes, intentions, and behaviors affects observed correlations among them. Belief, attitude,...

Knowledge Networks as Channels and Conduits: The Effects of Spillovers in the Boston Biotechnology Community

We contend that two important, nonrelational, features of formal interorganizational networks-geographic propinquity and organizational form-fundamentally alter the flow of information through a network. Within regional economies, contractual linkages...

The cohort as a concept in the study of social change.

Society persists despite the mortality of its individual members, through processes of demographic metabolism and particularly the annual infusion of birth cohorts. These may pose a threat to stability but they also provide the opportunity for societal...

Equity, Equality, and Need: What Determines Which Value Will Be Used as the Basis of Distributive Justice?

Equity, Equality, and Need: What Determines Which Value Will Be Used as the Basis of Distributive Justice?

The Laws of Emotion

It is argued that emotions are lawful phe- nomena and thus can be described in terms of a set of laws of emotion. These laws result from the operation of emotion mechanisms that are accessible to intentional control to only a limited extent. The law of...

Optimizing well-being: the empirical encounter of two traditions.

Subjective well-being (SWB) is evaluation of life in terms of satisfaction and balance between positive and negative affect; psychological well-being (PWB) entails perception of engagement with existential challenges of life. The authors hypothesized...

Leadership development:: A review in context

Interest in leadership development is strong, especially among practitioners. Nonetheless, there is conceptual confusion regarding distinctions between leader and leadership development, as well as disconnection between the practice of leadership development...

« Prev. Next »
First ... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ... Last

© 2016-2018 CiteWeb.info — WorldWeb citation database

Up ↑