CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Sociology

Page 4
Bringing the State Back In

Peter B. Evans, Dietrich Rueschemeyer, Theda Skocpol

FOUNDATION FOR A GENERAL STRAIN THEORY OF CRIME AND DELINQUENCY

This paper presents a general strain theory of crime and delinquency that is capable of overcoming the criticisms of previous strain theories. In the first section, strain theory is distinguished from social control and differential association/social...

The New Politics of the Welfare State

The much-discussed crisis of the welfare state is now two decades old. The tremendous twentieth-century expansion of social programs has been a remarkable feature of advanced industrial societies. In all these countries the welfare state is a core institution,...

TOWARD A STEWARDSHIP THEORY OF MANAGEMENT

Recent thinking about top management has been influenced by alternative models of man.' Economic approaches to governance such as agency theory tend to assume some form of homo-economicus, which depict subordinates as individualistic, opportunistic, and...

A General Theory of Network Governance: Exchange Conditions and Social Mechanisms

A phenomenon of the last 20 years has been the rapid rise of the network form of governance. This govemance form has received significant scholarly attention, but, to date, no comprehensive theory for it has been advanced, and no sufficiently detailed...

A Behavioral Approach to Law and Economics

Авторы расширяют стандартный подход к экономическому анализу права (базирующийся на предпосылках экономической теории), основывая свой...

A Life-Span, Life-Space Approach to Career Development

A career is defined as the combination and sequence of roles played by a person during the course of a lifetime. These roles include those of child, pupil or student, leisurite, citizen, worker, spouse, homemaker, parent, and pensioner, positions with...

Determining Validity in Qualitative Inquiry

John W. Creswell, Dana L. Miller

Stories of Experience and Narrative Inquiry

F. Michael Connelly, D. Jean Clandinin

A Relational Model of Authority in Groups

This chapter focuses on one particular aspect of authoritativeness: voluntary compliance with the decisions of authorities. Social psychologists have long distinguished between obedience that is the result of coercion, and obedience that is the result...

The Network Paradigm in Organizational Research: A Review and Typology

In this paper, we review and analyze the emerging network paradigm in organizational research. We begin with a conventional review of recent research organized around recognized research streams. Next, we analyze this research, developing a set of dimensions...

The support of autonomy and the control of behavior.

In this article we suggest that events and contexts relevant to the initiation and regulation of intentional behavior can function either to support autonomy (i.e., to promote choice) or to control behavior (i.e., to pressure one toward specific outcomes)....

The logic of social exchange: Has natural selection shaped how humans reason? Studies with the Wason selection task

In order to successfully engage in social exchange—cooperation between two or more individuals for mutual benefit—humans must be able to solve a number of complex computational problems, and do so with special efficiency. Following Marr (1982), Cosmides...

Taking Preferences Seriously: A Liberal Theory of International Politics

This article reformulates liberal international relations (IR) theory in a nonideological and nonutopian form appropriate to empirical social science. Liberal IR theory elaborates the insight that state-society relations—the relationship of states to...

Patterns of cognitive appraisal in emotion.

There has long been interest in describing emotional experience in terms of underlying dimensions, but traditionally only two dimensions, pleasantness and arousal, have been reliably found. The reasons for these findings are reviewed, and integrating...

Human Migration and the Marginal Man

Migrations, with all the incidental collision, conflicts, and fusions of peoples and of cultures which they occasion, have been accounted among the decisive forces in history. Every advance in culture, it has been said, commences with a new period of...

Assessing social support: The Social Support Questionnaire

A measure of social support, the Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ), is described, and four empirical studies employing it are presented. The SSQ yields scores for (a) perceived number of social supports and (b) satisfaction with social support that is...

Normative Power Europe: A Contradiction in Terms?

Twenty years ago, in the pages of the Journal of Common Market Studies, Hedley Bull launched a searing critique of the European Community’s ‘civilian power’ in international affairs. Since that time the increasing role of the uropean Union (EU)in...

Design Experiments in Educational Research

Paul Cobb, Jere Confrey, Andrea A. diSessa, Richard Lehrer, Leona Schauble

Developing and Testing an Integrative Model of the Work-Family Interface

An integrative model of the work–family interface was developed and tested. This model extends prior work by Frone, Russell, and Cooper (1992a). Although the present model adopts the distinction between work-to-family and family-to-work conflict, several...

American Apartheid: Segregation and the Making of the Underclass.

Roberto M. Fernandez, Douglas S. Massey, Nancy A. Denton

The boundaryless career : a new employment principle for a new organizational era

Including contributions from leading scholars at Harvard Business School, Yale, and MIT's Sloan School of Management, this book explores the ways that careers have changed for workers as their firms reorganize to meet global competition. As firms re-engineer,...

Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English

Dan Douglas, Kathleen M. Broussard

THE CONCEPT OF A TOURIST AREA CYCLE OF EVOLUTION: IMPLICATIONS FOR MANAGEMENT OF RESOURCES

The concept of a recognizable cycle in the evolution of tourist areas is presented, using a basic s curve to illustrate their waving and waning popularity. Specific stages in the evolutionary sequence are described, along with a range of possible future...

Governing the market : economic theory and the role of government in East Asian industrialization

Published originally in 1990 to critical acclaim, Robert Wade's Governing the Market quickly established itself as a standard in contemporary political economy. In it, Wade challenged claims both of those who saw the East Asian story as a vindication...

Media Discourse and Public Opinion on Nuclear Power: A Constructionist Approach

Media discourse and public opinion are treated as two parallel systems of constructing meaning. This paper explores their relationship by analyzing the discourse on nuclear power in four general audience media: television news coverage, newsmagazine accounts,...

A Pragmatic View of Knowledge and Boundaries: Boundary Objects in New Product Development

This study explores the premise that knowledge in new product development proves both a barrier to and a source of innovation. To understand the problematic nature of knowledge and the boundaries that result, an ethnographic study was used to understand...

Techniques to Identify Themes

Gery W. Ryan, H. Russell Bernard

Labor and Monopoly Capital

This book first took shape in my mind as little more than a study of occupational shifts in the United States. I was interested in the structure of the working class, and the manner in which it had changed. That portion of the population employed in manufacturing...

FROM SOCIAL INTEGRATION TO HEALTH: DURKHEIM IN THE NEW MILLENNIUM

It is widely recognized that social relationships and affiliation have powerful effects on physical and mental health. When investigators write about the impact of social relationships on health, many terms are used loosely and interchangeably including...

The idea of justice

The author discusses his personal relationship with Mahbub ul Haq, an influential and world renowned Pakistani economist. He explains his closeness with Mahbub by giving information on some of their conversations about the process of economic planning...

Ethnography in/of the World System: The Emergence of Multi-Sited Ethnography

This review surveys an emergent methodological trend in anthropological research that concerns the adaptation of long-standing modes of ethnographic practices to more complex objects of study. Ethnography moves from its conventional single-site location,...

Theories of International Migration: A Review and Appraisal

Douglas S. Massey, Joaquín Arango Vila-Belda, Graeme Hugo, Ali Kouaouci, Adela Pellegrino

Enchantment and Disenchantment: The Role of Community in Natural Resource Conservation

The poor conservation outcomes that followed decades of intrusive resource management strategies and planned development have forced policy makers and scholars to reconsider the role of community in resource use and conservation. In a break from previous...

The Economic Role of Political Institutions: Market-Preserving Federalism and Economic Development

Thriving markets require not only an appropriately designed economic system, but a secure political foundation that limits the ability of the state to confiscate wealth. This requires a form of limited government, that is, political institutions that...

The Intuitive Psychologist And His Shortcomings: Distortions in the Attribution Process1

Publisher SummaryAttribution theory is concerned with the attempts of ordinary people to understand the causes and implications of the events they witness. It deals with the “naive psychology” of the “man in the street” as he interprets his own...

Seats and Votes: The Effects and Determinants of Electoral Systems

Michael C. Munger, Rein Taagepera, Matthew Soberg Shugart

Unskilled and Unaware of It: How Difficulties in Recognizing One's Own Incompetence Lead to Inflated Self-Assessments

People tend to hold overly favorable views of their abilities in many social and intellectual domains. The authors suggest that this overestimation occurs, in part, because people who are unskilled in these domains suffer a dual burden: Not only do these...

Consumer Culture Theory (CCT): Twenty Years of Research

This article provides a synthesizing overview of the past 20 yr. of consumer research addressing the sociocultural, experiential, symbolic, and ideological aspects of consumption. Our aim is to provide a viable disciplinary brand for this research tradition...

The study of transnationalism: pitfalls and promise of an emergent research field

This introductory article defines the concept of transnationalism, provides a typology of this heterogeneous set of activities, and reviews some of the pitfalls in establishing and validating the topic as a novel research field. A set of guidelines to...

Biased Assimilation and Attitude Polarization: The Effects of Prior Theories on Subsequently Considered Evidence

People who hold strong opinions on complex social issues are likely to examine relevant empirical evidence in a biased manner. They are apt to accept "confirming" evidence at face value while subjecting "discontinuing" evidence to critical evaluation,...

Emergence: From Chaos to Order

From the Publisher:From one of today's most innovative thinkers comes the first book to carefully explore emergence - a surprisingly simple notion (the whole is more than the sum of its parts) with enormous implications for science, business, and the...

Labor supply: A review of alternative approaches

This chapter surveys existing approaches to modeling labor supply and identifies important gaps in the literature that could be addressed in future research. The discussion begins with a look at recent policy reforms and labor market facts that motivate...

Interpersonal relations : a theory of interdependence

Donald A. Hansen, Harold H. Kelley, John Thibaut

A Faster Algorithm for Betweenness Centrality

The betweenness centrality index is essential in the analysis of social networks, but costly to compute. Currently, the fastest known algorithms require ( n 3 ) time and ( n 2 ) space, where n is the number of actors in the network. Motivated by the fast-growing...

The Silenced Dialogue: Power and Pedagogy in Educating Other People's Children

Lisa Delpit uses the debate over process-oriented versus skills-oriented writing instruction as the starting-off point to examine the "culture of power" that exists in society in general and in the educational environment in particular. She analyzes five...

What Is Agency?1

This article aims (1) to analytically disaggregate agency into its several component elements (though these are interrelated empirically), (2) to demonstrate the ways in which these agentic dimensions interpenetrate with forms of structure, and (3) to...

Social Contagion and Innovation: Cohesion versus Structural Equivalence

Two classes of network models are used to reanalyze a sociological classic often cited as evidence of social contagion in the diffusion of technological innovation: Medical Innovation. Debate between the cohesion and structural equivalence models poses...

Toward A Universal Psychological Structure of Human Values

We constructed a theory of the universal types of values as criteria by viewing values as cognitive representations of three universal requirements: (a) biological needs, (b) interactional requirements for interpersonal coordination, and (c) societal...

Research methods in the social sciences

David Nachmias, Chava Nachmias

Emergence: from chaos to order

From the Publisher:From one of today's most innovative thinkers comes the first book to carefully explore emergence - a surprisingly simple notion (the whole is more than the sum of its parts) with enormous implications for science, business, and the...

Teacher Efficacy: Its Meaning and Measure

Megan Tschannen-Moran, Anita Woolfolk Hoy, Wayne K. Hoy

Toward a theory of organizational socialization

"To appear in: Barry Staw (ed.) Annual review of research in organizational behavior, vol. 1, New York: JIP Press, 1978."

Individualism and Collectivism: Cross-Cultural Perspectives on Self-Ingroup Relationships

The individualism and collectivism constructs are theoretically analyzed and linked to certain hypothesized consequences (social behaviors, health indices). Study 1 explores the meaning of these constructs within culture (in the United States), identifying...

Constructions of masculinity and their influence on men's well-being: a theory of gender and health

On average men in the US die nearly 7 years younger than women and have higher death rates for all 15 leading causes of death. Health-related beliefs and behaviors are important contributors to these differences. Men in the US are more inclined to adopt...

A history and theory of informed consent

Fred M. Frohock, Ruth R. Faden, Tom L. Beauchamp

The teacher's soul and the terrors of performativity

This paper is the latest in a short series on the origins, processes and effects of performativity in the public sector. Performativity, it is argued, is a new mode of state regulation which makes it possible to govern in an ‘advanced liberal’ way....

The Institutional Dynamics of International Political Orders

The history of international political orders is written in terms of continuity and change in domestic and international political relations. As a step toward understanding such continuity and change, we explore some ideas drawn from an institutional...

Actor Network Theory and After

David Stark, John Hassard

The Development of Epistemological Theories: Beliefs About Knowledge and Knowing and Their Relation to Learning

There have been a number of research programs that have investigated students' thinking and beliefs about the nature of knowledge and knowing, including definitions of knowledge, how knowledge is constructed, and how knowledge is evaluated. However, these...

Non-negative Matrices and Markov Chains

This book is a photographic reproduction of the book of the same title published in 1981, for which there has been continuing demand on account of its accessible technical level. Its appearance also helped generate considerable subsequent work on inhomogeneous...

Determinants of Innovative Behavior: A Path Model of Individual Innovation in the Workplace

?The present study integrated a number of streams of research on the antecedents of innovation to develop and test a model of individual innovative behavior. Hypothesizing that leadership, individual problem-solving style, and work group relations affect...

Technological transitions as evolutionary reconfiguration processes: a multi-level perspective and a case-study

This paper addresses the question of how technological transitions (TT) come about? Are there particular patterns and mechanisms in transition processes? TT are defined as major, long-term technological changes in the way societal functions are fulfilled....

Non-negative Matrices and Markov Chains

This book is a photographic reproduction of the book of the same title published in 1981, for which there has been continuing demand on account of its accessible technical level. Its appearance also helped generate considerable subsequent work on inhomogeneous...

Trust And Distrust: New Relationships and Realities

We propose a new theoretical framework for understanding simultaneous trust and distrust within relationships. grounded in assumptions of multidimensionality and the inherent tensions of relationships. and we separate this research from prior work grounded...

Reconsidering Research on Learning from Media

Recent meta-analyses and other studies of media's influence on learning are reviewed. Consistent evidence is found for the generali- zation that there are no learning benefits to be gained from employing any specific medium to deliver instruction. Research...

Being Different: Relational Demography and Organizational Attachment.

Anne S. Tsui, Terri D. Egan, Charles A. O'Reilly

The causes of land-use and land-cover change: moving beyond the myths

Common understanding of the causes of land-use and land-cover change is dominated by simplifications which, in turn, underlie many environment-development policies. This article tracks some of the major myths on driving forces of land-cover change and...

Growing up Digital: The Rise of the Net Generation

From the Publisher:The bestselling book announcing the arrival of the Net Generation—those kids who are growing up digital—now in paperback. Heraled by Library Journal as one of the Best Business Books of 1997,Growing Up Digital tells how the N-Generation...

Chronic illness as biographical disruption

The paper is based on semi-structured interviews with a series of rheumatoid arthritis patients. Chronic illness is conceptualised as a particular type of disruptive event. This disruption highlights the resources (cognitive and material) available to...

River Magic: Extraordinary Experience and the Extended Service Encounter

This article explores the provision of extraordinary hedonic experiences on commercial, multiday river rafting trips in the Colorado River basin. White water river rafting provides a dramatic illustration of some of the complex features of delivering...

Doctor-patient communication: A review of the literature

Communication can be seen as the main ingredient in medical care. In reviewing doctor-patient communication, the following topics are addressed: (1) different purposes of medical communication; (2) analysis of doctor-patient communication; (3) specific...

CULTURE AND COGNITION

Recent work in cognitive psychology and social cognition bears heavily on concerns of sociologists of culture. Cognitive research confirms views of culture as fragmented; clarifies the roles of institutions and agency; and illuminates supraindividual...

A General Inductive Approach for Analyzing Qualitative Evaluation Data.

A general inductive approach for analysis of qualitative evaluation data is described. The purposes for using an inductive approach are to (a) condense raw textual data into a brief, summary format; (b) establish clear links between the evaluation or...

The second image reversed: the international sources of domestic politics

The international system is not only an expression of domestic structures, but a cause of them. Two schools of analysis exploring the impact of the international system upon domestic politics (regime types, institutions, coalitions, policies) may be distinguished:...

« Prev. Next »
First ... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 ... Last

© 2016-2018 CiteWeb.info — WorldWeb citation database

Up ↑