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Sociology

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Five Misunderstandings About Case-Study Research

This examines five common misunderstandings about case-study research: (a) theoretical knowledge is more valuable than practical knowledge; (b) one cannot generalize from a single case, therefore, the single-case study cannot contribute to scientific...

Discrete multivariate analysis : theory and practice

"At last, after a decade of mounting interest in log-linear and related models for the analysis of discrete multivariate data, particularly in the form of multidimensional tables, we now have a comprehensive text and general reference on the subject....

Stereotypes and Prejudice: Their Automatic and Controlled Components

University of Wisconsin--Madis on Three studies tested basic assumptions derived from a theoretical model based on the dissociation ofantomatic and controlled processes involved in prejudice. Study I supported the model's assumption that high- and low-prejudice...

Cognitive, Emotional, and Sociocultural Processes in Consumption

This article examines deliberative, emotional, and sociocultural processes in consumption. The authors draw upon basic processes from two leading theories in social psychology, the theory of planned behavior (TPB) and the model of goal-directed behavior...

The theory of the growth of the firm

There are not many books that are genuine classics, and only a handful in business and management whose insights and ideas last for 50 years and more. This book is one of the very few 'must reads' for anybody seriously interested in the role of management...

International Norm Dynamics and Political Change

Norms have never been absent from the study of international politics, but the sweeping “ideational turn” in the 1980s and 1990s brought them back as a central theoretical concern in the field. Much theorizing about norms has focused on how they create...

Civil Society and Political Theory.

Jean-Louis Cohen, Andrew Arato

Toward an Experimental Ecology of Human Development.

A broader approach to research in hu- j man development is proposed that focuses on the pro- \ gressive accommodation, throughout the life span, between the growing human organism and the changing environments in which it actually lives and grows. \ The...

Digital Natives, Digital Immigrants

It is amazing to me how in all the hoopla and debate these days about the decline of education in the US we ignore the most fundamental of its causes. Our students have changed radically. Today’s students are no longer the people our educational system...

American apartheid : segregation and the making of the underclass

This article argues that racial segregation is crucial to explaining the emergence of the urban underclass during the 1970s. A strong interaction between rising rates of poverty and high levels of residential segregation explains where, why and in which...

The Rise of the Western World : A New Economic History

A radically new interpretation, offering a unified explanation for the growth of Western Europe between 900 A. D. and 1700, provides a general theoretical framework for institutional change geared to the general reader. North and Thomas seek to explain...

The psychology of sex differences

Eleanor E. Maccoby, Carol Nagy Jacklin

The Rise of the Western World : A New Economic History

A radically new interpretation, offering a unified explanation for the growth of Western Europe between 900 A. D. and 1700, provides a general theoretical framework for institutional change geared to the general reader. North and Thomas seek to explain...

A thousand plateaus : capitalism and schizophrenia

Gilles Deleuze, Félix Guattari, Brian Massumi

Immigrant America : a portrait

Alejandro Portes, Rubén G. Rumbaut

Stereotype Threat and the Intellectual Test Performance of African Americans

Stereotype threat is being at risk of confirming, as self-characte ristic, a negative stereotype about one's group. Studies 1 and 2 varied the stereotype vulnerability of Black participants taking a difficult verbal test by varying whether or not their...

Interpreting qualitative data : methods for analysing talk, text and interaction

This a much expanded and updated version of David Silvermans best-selling introductory textbook for the beginning qualitative researcher. Features of the New Edition: • Takes account of the flood of qualitative work since the 1990s • All chapters...

The Dialogic Imagination: Four Essays

Edward Wasiolek, M. M. Bakhtin, Michael Holquist, Caryl Emerson

Power : a radical view

In 1974 Steven Lukes published Power: A radical View. Its re-issue in 2005 with the addition of two new essays is much to be welcomed. In this new edition the author reproduces the original text and adds two new chapters in which he clarifies and expands...

The case research strategy in studies of information systems

This article defines and discusses one of these qualitative methods - the case research strategy. Suggestions are provided for researchers who wish to undertake research employing this approach. Criteria for the evaluation of case research are established...

Self-Perception Theory

Individuals come to “know” their own attitudes, emotions, and other internal states partially by inferring them from observations of their own overt behavior and/ or the circumstances in which this behavior occurs. Thus, to the extent that internal...

The duality of technology: rethinking the concept of technology in organizations

This paper develops a new theoretical model with which to examine the interaction between technology and organizations. Early research studies assumed technology to be an objective, external force that would have deterministic impacts on organizational...

Families and family therapy

Sylvia Clavan, Salvador Minuchin

CULTURE IN ACTION: SYMBOLS AND STRATEGIES*

Culture influences action not by providing the ultimate values toward which action is oriented, but by shaping a repertoire or "tool kit" of habits, skills, and styles from which people construct "strategies of action." Two models of cultural influence...

From Max Weber : essays in sociology

Max Weber, H. Gerth, Charles W. Mills

A Threat in the Air How Stereotypes Shape Intellectual Identity and Performance

A general theory of domain identification is used to de­ scribe achievement barriers still faced by women in ad­ vanced quantitative areas and by African Americans in school. The theory assumes that sustained school success requires identification with...

What Is Coefficient Alpha? An Examination of Theory and Applications

Coefficient alpha (Cronbach, 1951) is certainly one of the most important and pervasive statistics in research involving test construction and use. A review of the Social Sciences Citations Index for the literature from 1966 to 1990 revealed that Cronbach's...

A set of principles for conducting and evaluating interpretive field studies in information systems

This article discusses the conduct and evaluatoin of interpretive research in information systems. While the conventions for evaluating information systems case studies conducted according to the natural science model of social science are now widely...

Corporate Social and Financial Performance: A Meta-Analysis

Most theorizing on the relationship between corporate social/environmental performance (CSP) and corporate financial performance (CFP) assumes that the current evidence is too fractured or too variable to draw any generalizable conclusions. With this...

The seasons of a man's life

Daniel Levinson, Judy D. Levinson

Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: A Critical Review of the Theoretical and Empirical Literature and Suggestions for Future Research

The rapid growth of research on organizational citizenship behaviors (OCBs) has resulted in some conceptual confusion about the nature of the construct, and made it difficult for all but the most avid readers to keep up with developments in this domain....

What Good Are Positive Emotions

This article opens by noting that positive emotions do not fit existing models of emotions. Consequently, a new model is advanced to describe the form and function of a subset of positive emotions, including joy, interest, contentment, and love. This...

World Society and the Nation‐State

The authors analyze the nation‐state as a worldwide institution constructed by worldwide cultural and associational processes, developing four main topics: (1) properties of nation‐states that result from their exogenously driven construction, including...

The World Factbook

The World Factbook ofrece informacion sobre la historia, la gente, gobierno, economia, geografia, comunicaciones, transporte, militar y cuestiones transnacionales de 267 entidades del mundo. Nuestra cuenta de referencia incluye: mapas de las principales...

JUSTICE AT THE MILLENNIUM: A META ANALYTIC REVIEW OF 25 YEARS OF ORGANIZATIONAL JUSTICE RESEARCH

The field of organizationa l justice continues to be marked by several important research questions, including the size of relationships among justice dimensions, the relative importance of different justice criteria, and the unique effects of justice...

Toward a More General Theory of Regulation

In previous literature, George Stigler asserts a law of diminishing returns to group size in politics: Beyond some point it becomes counterproductive to dilute the per capita transfer. Since the total transfer is endogenous, there is a corollary that...

The Unbearable Automaticity of Being

What was noted by E. J. hanger (1978) remains true today: that much of contemporary psychological research is based on the assumption that people are consciously and systematically processing incoming information in order to construe and interpret their...

The New Governance: Governing without Government1

The term ’governance‘ is popular but imprecise. It has at least six uses, referring to: the minimal state; corporate governance: the new public management; ‘good governance’: socio-cybernetic systems: and self-organizing networks. I stipulate...

An introduction to latent semantic analysis

Latent Semantic Analysis (LSA) is a theory and method for extracting and representing the contextual‐usage meaning of words by statistical computations applied to a large corpus of text (Landauer & Dumais, 1997). The underlying idea is that the aggregate...

Organizational images and member identification

Jane E. Dutton, Janet M. Dukerich, Celia V. Harquail

Theories of International Migration: A Review and Appraisal

The configuration of developed countries has become today diverse and multiethnic due to international migration. A single coherent theoretical explanation for international migration is lacking. The aim of this discussion was the generation and integration...

The American occupational structure

Peter M. Blau, Otis Dudley Duncan

Toward a Model of Organizations as Interpretation Systems

A comparative model of organizations as interpretation systems is proposed. The model describes four interpretation modes: enacting, discovering, undirected viewing, and conditioned viewing. Each mode is determined by (I) management's beliefs about the...

From Managerialism to Entrepreneurialism: The Transformation in Urban Governance in Late Capitalism

In recent years, urban governance has become in- creasingly preoccupied with the exploration of new ways in which to foster and encourage local development and employment growth. Such an entrepreneurial stance contrasts with the mana- gerial practices...

Human Agency in Social Cognitive Theory

The present article examines the nature and function of human agency within the conceptual model of triadic reciprocal causation. In analyzing the operation of human agency in this interactional causal structure, social cognitive theory accords a central...

Longitudinal Field Research on Change: Theory and Practice

This paper reveals the author's theory of method for conducting longitudinal field research on change. The paper also discusses a range of practical problems in carrying out time-series research in organisational settings. The practical problems include...

Expansive Learning at Work: Toward an activity theoretical reconceptualization

Cultural-historical activity theory has evolved through three generations of research. The emerging third generation of activity theory takes two interacting activity systems as its minimal unit of analysis, inviting us to focus research efforts on the...

Ethnic Groups in Conflict

J. A. Laponce, Donald L. Horowitz

Dynamics of a Stressful Encounter: Cognitive Appraisal, Coping, and Encounter Outcomes

Despite the importance that is attributed to coping as a factor in psychological and somatic health outcomes, little is known about actual coping processes, the variables that influence them, and their relation to the outcomes of the stressful encounters...

Introduction: epistemic communities and international policy coordination

The growing technical uncertainties and complexities of problems of global concern have made international policy coordination not only increasingly necessary but also increasingly difficult. If decision makers are unfamiliar with the technical aspects...

Individual Differences in Two Emotion Regulation Processes: Implications for Affect, Relationships, and Well-Being

Five studies tested two general hypotheses: Individuals differ in their use of emotion regulation strategies such as reappraisal and suppression, and these individual differences have implications for affect, wellbeing, and social relationships. Study...

THE AGENDA-SETTING FUNCTION OF MASS MEDIA

Maxwell E. McCombs, Donald L. Shaw

Bad is stronger than good

Roy F. Baumeister, Ellen Bratslavsky, Catrin Finkenauer, Kathleen D. Vohs

A resource-based perspective on information technology capability and firm performance: an empirical investigation

The resource-based view of the firm attributes superior financial performance to organizational resources and capabilities. This paper develops the concept of IT as an organizational capability and empirically examines the association between IT capability...

Urbanism as a Way of Life

The urbanization of the world, which is one of the most impressive facts of modern times, has wrought profound changes in virtually every phase of social life. The recency and rapidity of urbanization in the United States accounts for the acuteness of...

Political power beyond the State: problematics of government

This paper sets out an approach to the analysis of political power in terms of problematics of government. It argues against an overvaluation of the ‘problem of the State’ in political debate and social theory. A number of conceptual tools are suggested...

Embeddedness and Immigration: Notes on the Social Determinants of Economic Action

This article contributes to the reemerging field of economic sociology by (1) delving into its classic roots to refine current concepts and (2) using examples from the immigration literature to explore the different forms in which social structures affect...

Structural Holes and Good Ideas1

This article outlines the mechanism by which brokerage provides social capital. Opinion and behavior are more homogeneous within than between groups, so people connected across groups are more familiar with alternative ways of thinking and behaving. Brokerage...

From mobilization to revolution

From mobilization to revolution

The savage mind

Claude Lévi-Strauss

Psychological Conditions of Personal Engagement and Disengagement at Work

This study began with the premise that people can use varying degrees of their selves. physically. cognitively. and emotionally. in work role performances. which has implications for both their work and experi­ ences. Two qualitative. theory-generating...

Capturing the Complexity in Advanced Technology Use: Adaptive Structuration Theory

The past decade has brought advanced information technologies, which include electronic messaging systems, executive information systems, collaborative systems, group decision support systems, and other technologies that use sophisticated information...

Ecology of the Family as a Context for Human Development: Research Perspectives

This review collates and examines critically a theoretically convergent but widely dispersed body of research on the influence of external environments on the functioning of families as contexts of human development. Investigations falling within this...

History of economic analysis

Joseph A. Schumpeter, Elizabeth Boody Schumpeter

Why should i share? examining social capital and knowledge contribution in electronic networks of practice

Electronic networks of practice are computer-mediated discussion forums focused on problems of practice that enable individuals to exchange advice and ideas with others based on common interests. However, why individuals help strangers in these electronic...

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