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CiteWeb id: 19960000078

CiteWeb score: 5352

Background Many clinical trials have evaluated the benefit of long-term use of antiplatelet drugs in reducing the risk of clinical thrombotic events. Aspirin and ticlopidine have been shown to be effective, but both have potentially serious adverse effects. Clopidogrel, a new thienopyridine derivative similar to ticlopidine, is an inhibitor of platelet aggregation induced by adenosine diphosphate. Methods CAPRIE was a randomised, blinded, international trial designed to assess the relative efficacy of clopidogrel (75 mg once daily) and aspirin (325 mg once daily) in reducing the risk of a composite outcome cluster of ischaemic stroke, myocardial infarction, or vascular death; their relative safety was also assessed. The population studied comprised subgroups of patients with atherosclerotic Vascular disease manifested as either recent ischaemic stroke, recent myocardial infarction, or symptomatic peripheral arterial disease. Patients were followed for 1 to 3 years. Findings 19 185 patients, with more than 6300 in each of the clinical subgroups, were recruited over 3 years, with a mean follow-up of 1 . 91 years. There were 1960 first events included in the outcome cluster on which an intention-to-treat analysis showed that patients treated with clopidogrel had an annual 5 . 32% risk of ischaemic stroke, myocardial infarction, or vascular death compared with 5 . 83% with aspirin. These rates reflect a statisticaly significant (p=0 . 043) relative-risk reduction of 8 . 7% in favour of clopidogrel (95% CI 0 . 3-16 . 5). Corresponding on-treatment analysis yielded a relative-risk reduction of 9 . 4%. There were no major differences in terms of safety. Reported adverse experiences in the clopidogrel and aspirin groups judged to be severe included rash (0 . 26% vs 0 . 10%), diarrhoea (0 . 23% vs 0 . 11%), upper gastrointestinal discomfort (0 . 97% vs 1 . 22%), intracranial haemorrhage (0 . 33% vs 0 . 47%), and gastrointestinal haemorrhage (0 . 52% vs 0 . 72%), respectively. There were ten (0 . 10%) patients in the clopidogrel group with significant reductions in neutrophils (<1 . 2 X 10(9)/L) and 16 (0 . 17%) in the aspirin group. Interpretation Long-term administration of clopidogrel to patients with atherosclerotic vascular disease is more effective than aspirin in reducing the combined risk of ischaemic stroke, myocardial infarction, or vascular death. The overall safety profile of clopidogrel is at least as good as that of medium-dose aspirin.

The publication "A randomised, blinded, trial of Clopidogrel versus aspirin in patients at risk of ischaemic events (CAPRIE)" is placed in the Top 10000 of the best publications in CiteWeb. Also in the category Medicine it is included to the Top 1000. Additionally, the publicaiton "A randomised, blinded, trial of Clopidogrel versus aspirin in patients at risk of ischaemic events (CAPRIE)" is placed in the Top 100 among other scientific works published in 1996.
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