CiteWeb

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Publications in 2016

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MONOPOLY UNIONS AND THE LIBERALISATION OF INTERNATIONAL TRADE

The authors examine the effects of removing tariffs and trade barriers on the behavior of utilitarian trade unio ns using a two-country macroeconomic model. A "hump-shaped" relationshi p between wages and the degree of corporatism emerges here, analogousl...

How Reading Begins: A Study of Preschoolers' Print Identification Strategies

This investigation examined the strategies employed by preschool children when identifying noncommercial print appearing in their kindergartens (names on personal lockers). In contrast to previous research that has relied heavily on commercial materials,...

Medical Sociology and the Study of Severe Mental Illness: Reflections on Past Accomplishments and Directions for Future Research*

Over the past 40 years, the mental health care system has been radically transformed from one focused on institutionalized care to one centered on treatment in community settings. While medical sociology has played a prominent role in the study of psychiatric...

HARNACK'S INEQUALITY FOR SUM OF SQUARES OF VECTOR FIELDS PLUS A POTENTIAL

Giovanna Citti, Nicola Garofalo, Ermanno Lanconelli

ASTROPHYSICAL IMPLICATIONS OF THE BINARY BLACK HOLE MERGER GW150914

The discovery of the gravitational-wave source GW150914 with the Advanced LIGO detectors provides the first observational evidence for the existence of binary black-hole systems that inspiral and merge within the age of the Universe. Such black-hole mergers...

Effects and Costs of Day-Care Services for the Chronically Ill A Randomized Experiment

and homemaker services-were studied in a randomized experiment to test the effects on patient outcomes and costs of using these new services. This article reports findings for day care. Patients' physical, psychosocial and health functions were assessed...

Sociocultural and social-psychological factors affecting personal responses to psychological disorder.

SOCIOLOGISTS and social psychologists have given considerable attention in recent decades to the processes leading to the identification of mental disorders in the community and to factors affecting help-seeking. Such work was given impetus almost twenty...

SOCIAL WORKERS' POLITICAL PARTICIPATION: STRENGTHENING THE POLITICAL CONFIDENCE OF SOCIAL WORK STUDENTS

This article reports on a survey of the political activity of 242 professional social workers. The research found that social workers are more politically active than the general public. Survey respondents engaged in a range of activities from voting...

SEXUAL SIZE DIMORPHISM AND AGE-RELATED SIZE VARIATION IN BALD EAGLES

Patterns of size variation between sex and among plumage classes of bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) were examined by measuring 10 variables on museum study skins. Using multivariate statis- tical techniques, a field method was devised to correctly...

LEVEL STRUCTURE OF DUAL-RESONANCE MODELS.

S. Fubini, Gabriele Veneziano

Vegetation litter: an underestimated variable in hydrology and geomorphology

The influence of vegetation litter on a variety of geomorphological and hydrological processes is stressed, notably as regards retention of rainfall, evaporation and drought in soils, overland flow, rainsplash erosion, weathering, soil characteristics,...

Distress Syndromes, Illness Behavior, Access to Care and Medical Utilization in a Defined Population

This article examines the use of general medical services in a representative sample from a defined geographic area and in a sample of persons seeking psychiatric care from the same area. Psychiatric patients made 100 per cent more general medical care...

Archaeologies that hurt; descendants that matter: a pragmatic approach to collaboration in the public interpretation of African-American archaeology

Pragmatism's anti-essentialist emphasis on contingency and plurality and its notion of truthas-created (not discovered) have important implications for the interpretation of archaeological data, and for the 'public presentation' of archaeological research....

WEIGHTED POINCARE AND SOBOLEV INEQUALITIES AND ESTIMATES FOR WEIGHTED PEANO MAXIMAL FUNCTIONS

1. Introduction. In this paper, we derive local Poincare and Sobolev inequalities involving two weight functions. The estimates we obtain include those proved by Fabes, Kenig and Serapioni in [8] for the one weight function case. We also consider the...

The personal service society

(psychotherapists, caseworkers, and so on) have exerted a substantial moral influence on the so-called personal service professions of our time. Let me explain the meaning of this term. Consider first the professions of the clergy, doctors, nurses, teachers,...

Inflation and World Equity Selection

Although much has been written about inflation and stock returns in the United States and the United Kingdom, little is known about the impact of inflation on a broader menu of countries. Consistent with previous research examining time series of inflation...

Justice Beyond the Individual: A Future with Legitimation*

In the past, social psychologists focused on issues pertaining to variation in perceptions of distributive and procedural justice and in reactions to perceived injustice of both types. That work, however, focused primarily on justice in terms of individual...

Quantum scars of classical closed orbits in phase space

When the orbits of a classical system are chaotic, it is natural to conjecture that in the semiclassical limit of small Planck's constant h the quantum eigenstates are associated with the whole energy surface explored ergodically by the orbits. This is...

FUNCTION THEORY ON CARTAN DOMAINS AND THE BEREZIN-TOEPLITZ SYMBOL CALCULUS*

Cn with dv(z) normalized Lebesgue measure on 9. We let L = L2(Q, dv) be the usual space of Lebesgue square-integrable complex-valued functions on 9. By H2 = H2(Q, dv) we denote the Bergman subspace of L2 consisting of holomorphic functions. The orthogonal...

AN INVESTIGATION OF PHONOLOGICAL INTERFERENCE

1. The ease or difficulty of learning phonological categories, experienced by a speaker of language X attempting to learn language Y, has been attributed by linguists to (1) the competing phonemic categories of native language (N) and target language...

PERIODS OF INTEGRALS ON ALGEBRAIC MANIFOLDS, II. (Local Study of the Period Mapping)

PERIODS OF INTEGRALS ON ALGEBRAIC MANIFOLDS, II. (Local Study of the Period Mapping)

STABILITY PROPERTIES OF SOLUTIONS TO SYSTEMS OF REACTION-DIFFUSION EQUATIONS*

This paper primarily treats the stability properties of uniform steady solutions to systems of reaction-diffusion equations subject to Neumann boundary data. The importance of such stability questions for physical problems has been made by Turing, Othmer...

THE PRESTIGE OF CRIMINAL AND CONVENTIONAL OCCUPATIONS: A SUBCULTURAL MODEL OF CRIMINAL ACTIVITY*

We explore the prestige of criminal and conventional occupations using a longitudinal design and ratings from unemployed drug addicts and ex-offenders in seven major metropolitan areas of the United States. These prestige ratings allow us to (1) search...

"Leveraged" Decision Making in Advertising: The Flat Maximum Principle and Its Implications

Donald S. Tull, Van R. Wood, Dale F. Duhan, Tom Gillpatrick, Kim R. Robertson, James G. Helgeson

CHROMOSOME NUMBERS OF SOME SACCHARUM SPECIES HYBRIDS AND THEIR CELL SUSPENSION CULTURES1

A B S T R A C T Chromosome numbers of five Saccharum species hybrids and their cell suspension cultures were determined. The chromosome number was stable in four parental clones (2n = 122, 114, 114, and 112), but was variable in another (2n = 108-128)....

The origin and palaeoenvironment of the Namib Desert biome

The desert conditions along the coast of South West Africa between 15?S and 33?S are caused by the multiple aridifying effects of the SouthAtlantic anticyclone, the cold Bengutela Current, the upwelling of cold South Atlantic Central Water and the divergence...

CLASS AND POLITICS IN THE FAMILY BACKGROUNDS OF STUDENT POLITICAL ACTIVISTS

Analysis of data gathered from university student political organizations representing the far left and far right suggests that leftist students come predominantly from upper-middle-class backgrounds, while those on the political right are more likely...

An interpretation of the quantification debate in British geography

This paper describes recent trends in British geography from a sociological perspective. The quantification debate is thus interpreted as a conflict within a scientific 'community'. The initial hierarchical structure is briefly outlined and the process...

THE CONJUGATE LOCUS OF A RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLD.

Introduction. The conjugate locus (considered as a subset of the tangeit space to a point of a Rliemannian mauiifold) splits naturally into two subsetsthe regular locus and the singular locus; the latter, roughly speaking, consists of those points which...

The ticks (Acari: Ixodida: Argasidae, Ixodidae) of Brazil

The tick species found in Brazil are reviewed. Today, 61 species belonging to nine genera ( Argas (1 sp.), Antricola (3 spp.), Carios (10 spp.), Ornithodoros (3 spp.), Amblyomma (30 spp.), Dermacentor (1 sp.), Haemaphysalis (3 spp.), Ixodes...

Typology of Main Message Strategies for Television Commercials

A number of classification schemes have been developed to aid researchers, practitioners, and educators in identifying various types of message strategies employed in the advertising of consumer goods. These classification schemes range from simple dichotomies...

Strategic Decisions on Candidacy In U.S. Congressional Districts

This paper tests Jacobson and Kernell's strategic decision-making theory by examining individual candidacy decisions in four congressional elections. The partisan balance in a district appears to be an important variable for predicting what type of challenger...

ON THE UNIQUENESS OF GENERALIZED AXIALLY SYMMETRIC POTENTIALS1

(k denoting an arbitrary real constant) shall be answered. We shall discuss the behavior of these functions in the neighborhood of the singular hyperplane Xn = 0.

GUIDELINES FOR PRE-OPERATIVE CARDIAC RISK ASSESSMENT AND PERIOPERATIVE CARDIAC MANAGEMENT IN NON-CARDIAC SURGERY

Guidelines for pre-operative cardiac risk assessment and perioperative cardiac management in non-cardiac surgery.

CHILD WELFARE WORKERS: AN INNOVATIVE APPROACH FOR INTERACTING WITH SECONDARY TRAUMA

Although child welfare workers (CWW) are assigned a critical role to protect children, little focus has been placed on helping them cope with stress and secondary trauma that can occur when they observe and hear the affect-laden experiences described...

A Child's Guide to Rational Expectations

Rodney Maddock, Michael T. Carter

Estimated Levels of Induced Abortion In Six Latin American Countries

In countries where abortion is illegal a range of approximate levels of induced abortion can be calculated from data on the number of women hospitalized for treatment of abortion complications after correcting for underreporting and misreporting and adjusting...

A FRAMEWORK FOR EVALUATING CONSUMER INFORMATION REGULATION

Michael B. Mazis, Richard Staelin, Howard Beales, Steven C. Salop

Incentive Contracting for National Defense: A Problem of Optimal Risk Sharing

This paper analyzes risk sharing in defense contracting within an insurance framework with moral hazard present. The positive model specifies conditions under which risk sharing between the firm and the government can be expected to occur, and identifies...

Interval Estimation under Two Study Designs for Kappa with Binary Classifications

SUMMARY Cornfield's test-based method of setting a confidence interval on a parameter associated with a twoby-two contingency table is adapted for use with the measure of agreement kappa. One-sided confidence intervals derived in this way are compared...

The Pree inent Role of Government Intervention in China's Family Revolution

This article argues that changes in family patterns in China are largely a result of direct government intervention rather than an inevitable byproduct of industrialization urbanization and other forms of modern social change. The author bases his argument...

Reproductive health matters

You do not need to be a psychologist to know that reproductive health plays an important role in society and that individual psychological, behavioural and social factors affect reproductive health and vice versa. What you may not know is that psychological...

Reproductive failure in females

M.R. Jainudeen, B. Hafez

UK Renal Registry 15th Annual Report: Chapter 5 Survival and Causes of Death of UK Adult Patients on Renal Replacement Therapy in 2011: National and Centre-Specific Analyses

Introduction: These analyses examine: a) survival from the start of renal replacement therapy (RRT); b) survival amongst all prevalent dialysis patients alive on 31st December 2011; c) the cause of death for incident and prevalent patients and d) the...

POLITICAL PRACTICA: EDUCATING SOCIAL WORK STUDENTS FOR POLICYMAKING

Social workers have a history of ambivalence regarding the profession's involvement in the political process. Many argue that if social workers are to become more politically active, schools of social work must play a vital role. This article examines...

Observations on the History of Cohort Fertility in the United States

This article has exploited a valuable set of data: completed parity distributions for the cohorts of 1867 through 1955 for women in the US. The history is a familiar one: long-term decline with a transitory reversal about a generation ago. In considering...

THE CORE AND THE STABILITY OF GROUP CHOICE IN SPATIAL VOTING GAMES

Norman Schofield, Bernard Grofman, Scott L. Feld, Stony Brook

Measuring household food insecurity in selected local government areas of Lagos and Ibadan Nigeria.

Food security is defined in its most basic form as access to adequate safe and nutritious food required for healthy and active life by all people at all times. Availability of food and access are two essential determinants of food security. A number of...

A STOCHASTIC STUDY OF THE LIFE TABLE AND ITS APPLICATIONS: I. PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS OF THE BIOMETRIC FUNCTIONS'

The life table is one of the oldest, most useful, and best-known topics in the field of statistics. It has many applications in various areas of research where birth, death, and illness may take place. The earliest life tables date as far back as the...

Beyond "Little Taipei": The Development of Taiwanese Immigrant Businesses in Los Angeles1

Both in their choice to settle in predominantly noncoethnic neighborhoods and in their economic development, recent Taiwanese immigrants in Los Angeles represent a fundamental break with the past. It is this new type of economic development that brings...

Risk, Information, and the Effects of Special Accounting Items on Capital Market Equilibrium

Equilibrium prices of firms' ownership shares are dependent upon assessed distribution functions of the dollar returns per share. Such distribution functions are, in turn, dependent upon the available information on firms' production-investment ("operating")...

A Case Survey of Bureaucratic Effectiveness in U.S. Cabinet Agencies: Preliminary Results1

The question of bureaucratic effectiveness has been an issue of great concern and disagreement in the field of American politics and public administration. Various "schools of thought" and competing hypotheses vie for acceptance, while case studies are...

FINITE-DIMENSIONAL REALIZATIONS OF DISCRETE-TIME WEIGHTING PATTERNS*

The extensive use of weighting patterns in the analysis and synthesis of linear, finite-dimensional systems relies heavily on a realizability result involving a decomposition of the weighting pattern $W( t,\tau )$ into an inner product of two vector terms...

Performance Benchmarking For Taiwan’s International Tourist Hotels

Jhis study proposes an alternative data envelopment analysis (DEA) method to explore the managerial performance, the input congestion, and the benchmarks of intemational tourist hotels (ITHs) for a small open economy, Taiwan. Several empirical results...

Classification Based on Dichotomous and Continuous Variables

A Bayes procedure for classifying an observation consisting of one dichotomous variable (X) and a continuous vector Y is applied to a model assuming that the conditional distribution of Y given X is normal. The procedure reduces to two linear discriminant...

THE AUTOMORPHISM GROUPS OF THE BRAID GROUPS

In the first of two papers published in the Annals in 1947 [3] Emil Artin mentioned the problem of determining all automorphisms of the braid groups (of the Euclidean plane), and in the second [4] took a first step towards a solution. The main result...

Shacking Up: Cohabitation in the 1970s*

Richard Clayton, Harwin L. Voss

Cohesion and Adaptability in Mexican-American and Anglo Families

This article reports data from a community sample of Anglos and Mexican Americans concerning two dimensions of family functioning: cohesion and adaptability. The Family Adaptability and Cohesion Evaluation Scales-II (FACES) were used with a sample of...

LETTING THE INTUITIVE BEAR ON THE FORMAL; A DIDACTICAL APPROACH FOR THE UNDERSTANDING OF THE LIMIT OF A SEQUENCE

This theoretical paper provides: (1) a presentation of some tasks that may be regarded as typical sources for forming students' intuitions and first understandings about limiting processes of real sequences, (2) an analysis of the formal definition of...

HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF PHYSICAL ACTIVITY IN INDIVIDUALS WITH SPINAL CORD INJURY: A LITERATURE REVIEW

Physical activity has demonstrated beneficial effects on health and longevity in the general population, and physically active individuals are at lower risk for many chronic diseases compared to their sedentary peers. Individuals with disabilities in...

Sustained Decreases in Risk Exposure and Youth Problem Behaviors After Installation of the Communities That Care Prevention System in a Randomized Trial

J. David Hawkins, Sabrina Oesterle, Eric C. Brown, Kathryn C. Monahan, Robert D. Abbott, Michael W. Arthur, Richard F. Catalano

Local Computation: Lower and Upper Bounds

The question of what can be computed, and how efficiently, is at the core of computer science. Not surprisingly, in distributed systems and networking research, an equally fundamental question is what can be computed in a distributed fashion. More precisely,...

Rapid Spread of Zika Virus in The Americas - Implications for Public Health Preparedness for Mass Gatherings at the 2016 Brazil Olympic Games

We discuss the global spread of the Zika virus (ZIKV) since its first discovery in 1947 in Uganda to the current outbreak in the Americas which has been declared a ‘Global emergency’ by the World Health Organization.

Syndrome and Outbreak Detection Using Chief-Complaint Data — Experience of the Real-Time Outbreak and Disease Surveillance Project

This paper summarizes the experience of the Real-Time Outbreak and Disease Surveillance (RODS) project in collecting and analyzing free-text emergency department (ED) chief complaints. The technical approach involves real-time transmission of chief-complaint...

Decision Support for Patient Preference-based Care Planning: Effects on Nursing Care and Patient Outcomes

Objective: While preference elicitation techniques have been effective in helping patients make decisions consistent with their preferences, little is known about whether information about patient preferences affects clinicians in clinical decision making...

Husband-Wife Influence in Purchase Decisions-A Confirmation and Extension

This article provides two kinds of information about the measurement of husband-wife influence in family decision making. First, confirmatory support is given to certain conclusions by Davis [4] in his study of alternative measures of relative spousal...

Antithrombotic Therapy for VTE Disease: CHEST Guideline and Expert Panel Report

Clive Kearon, Elie A. Akl, Joe Ornelas, Allen J. Blaivas, D. Jiménez, Henri Bounameaux, Menno V. Huisman, Christopher S. King, Timothy A. Morris, Namita Sood, Scott M. Stevens, Janine R.E. Vintch, Philip S. Wells, Scott C. Woller, Lisa K. Moores

Parabolic Equations for Curves on Surfaces: Part II. Intersections, Blow-up and Generalized Solutions

We describe a theory for parabolic equations for immersed curves on surfaces, which generalizes the curve shortening or flow-by-mean-curvature problem, as well as several models in the theory of phase transitions in two dimensions. A class of equations...

Urodynamics in Radical Retropubic Prostatectomy

Urodynamic examinations were performed on 19 patients undergoing radical retropubic prostatectomy for localized prostatic carcinoma. Altogether 16 urodynamic parameters were analyzed preoperatively and 6 months afterwards. There was a significant decrease...

COMPUTING NORMS IN GROUP C*-ALGEBRAS.*

Every discrete group G generates a C*-algebra 9Q1(G) of operators on the Hilbert space L2(G) of square summable complex valued functions on G. 9Q1(G), in which elements are written as formal (generally infinite) complex linear combinations ExE -GaXx,...

Mentoring Teachers: What Are the Issues?

Nancy L. Zimpher, Susan R. Rieger

Food and Feeding Preferences of Rainbow and Brown Trout in Southern Appalachian Streams

The stomach contents of Age 1 and older rainbow (Salmo gairdnert) and brown trout (S. trutta) in five southern Appalachian soft-water streams were compared with concurrent drift samples. A wide range of food items was consumed, and no prey genus comprised...

IT HAPPENED HERE: POLITICAL OPPORTUNITY, THE NEW INSTITUTIONALISM, AND THE TOWNSEND MOVEMENT*

The Townsend movement, which soughtpensionsfor the elderly in the GreatDepression, was much larger in some states than others and its size fluctuated in the 1930s. Frustration or grievance theory predicts that the movement would be stronger when and where...

Following Steve Scott: Physiological Changes Accompanying Training

In brief: American mile record holder Steve Scott was tested for maximal aerobic capacity and running economy on three occasions over nine months, a period that included off-season, preseason, the indoor season, and the early part of the outdoor season....

SIR RONALD FISHER AND THE DESIGN OF EXPERIMENTS

Sir Ronald Fisher is rightly regarded as the founder of the modern methods of design and analysis of experiments. It would be wrong, however, to imagine that there had been no development of experimental design before Fisher. In agricultural field trials,...

Ancestors and identity in the later prehistory of Atlantic Scotland: the reuse and reinvention of Neolithic monuments and material culture

The Neolithic chambered cairns of Atlantic Scotland were monumental constructions. To an observer living in the later prehistoric period they would have seemed impressive structures, but dark, subterranean and gloomy. The human remains and cultural relics...

Sovereign individuals of capitalism

Nicholas Abercrombie, Stephen Hill, Bryan S. Turner

Chromosome distribution: experiments on cell hybrids and in vitro

Ostergren (I95I) provided a simple explanation for both chromosome distribution in mitosis and chromosome segregation in meiosis, and more recently a molecular extension of his hypothesis has been possible. This report focuses on experimental tests of...

HOPF ALGEBRAS AND MULTIPLICATIVE FIBRATIONS II.

This paper is a continuation of [13] which we refer to as I. In I we introduced some Hopf algebra techniques which together with the spectral sequence of [8] allowed us to deduce various results for stable Postnikov systems. Our objective in this paper...

Macroeconomic Conditions and Fluctuations of Presidential Popularity: The Question of Lagged Effects *

Time-series studies assuming distributed lag models have demonstrated strong effects of the economy on presidential popularity. How justified are these assumptions in view of the nonstationary behavior and autocorrelation typical of economic and popularity...

Three-Year Maintenance of Improved Diet and Physical Activity

Participants: We studied 3714 (73%) of the initial CATCH cohort of 5106 students from ethnically diverse backgrounds in California, Louisiana, Minnesota, and Texas at grades 6, 7, and 8.

THE CORRELATION BETWEEN EDUCATION AND EARNINGS: WHAT DOES IT SIGNIFY?

This paper examines three alternative explanations of the basic finding that amounts of education and personal earnings are positively correlated in some 30 countries studied. Arbitrarily labelled (1) the "economic", (2) the "sociological" and (3) the...

THE POLITICAL LIMITS OF THE RIGHTS FRAME: THE CASE OF SAME-SEX MARRIAGE IN HAWAII

This article uses public debates over same-sex marriage in Hawaii to address gaps in the framing perspective on social movements. Drawing on both elite and nonelite discourses in the debates over same-sex marriage, the analysis demonstrates the dominance...

Market Institutions, East European Reform, and Economic Theory

It has been more than two years since Poland introduced "shock therapy" by following the orthodox precepts of economic reform: tight monetary policy, restricted fiscal policy, and exportled growth.1 Shock therapy was taken from the development approach...

There exist inequivalent knots with the same complement

The study and classification of knots has been based upon invariants of the knot complement. In this paper we give examples of inequivalent smooth spherical knots with diffeomorphic complements. These examples will also not be reflections, inversions...

POVERTY AND PRAYER: SPIRITUAL NARRATIVES OF ELDERLY AFRICAN-AMERICAN WOMEN*

Fifty elderly African-American women living in poverty were interviewed for a research project entitled, "Chronic Poverty and the Self in Later Life." Using four illustrative case studies from the 50 respondents, this paper explores the women's faith...

MENTAL HEALTH AND THE INTERPERSONAL ENVIRONMENT: A REEXAMINATION OF SOME EFFECTS OF SOCIAL STRUCTURE ON MENTAL HEALTH*

Despite much speculation in classical sociological theory, urbanization and industrialization are not systematically related to individual mental health. The "interpersonal environment" mediates between larger system properties and individual realities....

Classification with Noisy Labels by Importance Reweighting

In this paper, we study a classification problem in which sample labels are randomly corrupted. In this scenario, there is an unobservable sample with noise-free labels. However, before being observed, the true labels are independently flipped with a...

Digital Reference Services in Academic Libraries

To identify the proportion of libraries conducting digital reference service and to examine the characteristics of those services, we conducted a survey of 150 academic library Web sites. Approximately 45 percent of the sur veyed libraries offered digital...

Norms and Cohesion as Adaptive Responses To Potential Conflict: An Experimental Study*

The Prisoners' Dilemma (PD) game is a prototype of two central concerns of sociology, the problem of order and the problem of collective action, which are both types of conflict between individual and collective goals. An index of dilemma, D, is developed...

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