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Publications in 2016

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The Relationship of God Control and Internal Locus of Control to Intrinsic Religious Motivation, Coping and Purpose in Life*

Prior studies examining the relationship among the variables of God control, personal control, religious involvement, and coping, have all used white samples. The purpose of the present study was to examine the validity of these relationships in a black...

Body and Mind: The Effect of Exercise, Overweight, and Physical Health on Psychological Well-Being*

Physical characteristics maY affect psychological well-being by wa yv of the social meaning of the attribute and subsequent social evaluation by others (the social evaluation perspective), or through processes iw'ithin the individual, not mediated b '...

Reviews, Reputation, and Revenue: The Case of Yelp.com

Do online consumer reviews affect restaurant demand? I investigate this question using a novel dataset combining reviews from the website Yelp.com and restaurant data from the Washington State Department of Revenue. Because Yelp prominently displays a...

The Cross-Section and Time-Series of Stock and Bond Returns

We propose a three-factor model that jointly prices the cross-section of returns on portfolios of stocks sorted on book-to-market dimension, the cross-section of government bonds sorted by maturity, and time series variation in expected stock and bond...

Models of Data: A Theory of How People Evaluate Data

This article reports the results of a study investigating how undergraduates evaluate realistic scientific data in the domains of geology and paleontology. The results are used to test several predictions of a theory of data evaluation, which we call...

Bayesian and Non-Bayesian Analysis of Switching Regressions and of Random Coefficient Regression Models

Quandt [20] analyzed the problem of discontinuous shifts in regression regimes at unknown points in the data series. We note that Quandt's statistical approach based solely on the likelihood function can be misleading, whereas the Bayesian method based...

Estimating the Underground Economy using MIMIC Models

MIMIC models are being used to estimate the size of the underground economy or the tax gap in various countries. In this paper, I examine critically both the method in general, and three applications of the method by Giles and Tedds (2002), Bajada and...

The rate of spread and population increase of forest trees during the postglacial

The last major ice-sheets in northern Europe and northern North America reached their maximum extent about 18000 years ago. With the retreat of the ice-sheets, changing climates permitted many plants to expand their ranges onto freshly deglaciated ground....

Elk of North America: Ecology and Management.

Jack Ward Thomas, Dale E. Toweill, Kelker Streets

Automating Complex Guidelines for Chronic Disease: Lessons Learned

There is scant published experience with implementing complex, multistep computerized practice guidelines for the long-term management of chronic diseases. We have implemented a system for creating, maintaining, and navigating computer-based clinical...

Family versus Individually Oriented Intervention for Weight Loss in Mexican American Women

Jennifer H. Cousins, David S. Rubovits, J. Kay Dunn, Rebecca S. Reeves, Amelie G. Ramirez, John P. Foreyt

Exponential sums and Newton polyhedra: Cohomology and estimates

Alan Adolphson, Steven Sperber, Bernard Dwork

Sex Differences in Urban Commuting Patterns

This paper takes a new look, both theoretical and empirical, at the general question of what determines the pattern of urban workers' commuting journeys and at the specific question of how women workers' commuting journeys differ from those of men. Commuting...

Experimental Study of Industrial Buyer Behavior

pected this preference to be greater in high-risk than lowrisk purchase situations. We also hypothesized that procurement managers would prefer bidders whose advertisements provided more information about themselves to firms whose ads provided less, and...

8 - BILATERAL TRADING PROCESSES, PAIRWISE OPTIMALITY, AND PARETO OPTIMALITY

costly and multilateral trades difficult or impossible, optimality is problematical. In this paper we will consider a pure exchange economy in which bilateral trades are costless, but multilateral trades are infinitely costly. We will show that under...

BODY SIZE, PREY SIZE, AND ECOLOGICAL SEGREGATION IN FIVE SYMPATRIC TROPICAL TERNS (AVES: LARIDAE)

Collection and analysis of food samples permitted comparison of the diets of five species of terns that occur together on Christmas Island, Pacific Ocean. All the terns feed mainly while flying, catching fish and squid chased to the surface by predatory...

FACTORS ASSOCIATED WITH TYPES OF MATHEMATICS ANXIETY IN COLLEGE STUDENTS

This article investigates the interrelatedness of various types of mathematics anxiety with attitudes toward mathematics, learning preferences, study motives, and strategies. An 80-item version of the Mathematics Anxiety Rating Scale (MARS) was completed...

Variations on Variable-Metric Methods

In unconstrained minimization of a functions, the method of Davidon-Fletcher- Powell (a "variable-metric" method) enables the inverse of the Hessian H of f to be ap- proximated stepwise, using only values of the gradient of f. It is shown here that, by...

ADJACENCY PARAMETERS IN PHONOLOGY

One motivation for nonlinear phonology is the potential for eliminating the devices of linear phonology needed to allow rules to apply to nonadjacent segments. Imposing hierarchical structure on the organization of features within a segment and allowing...

Reciprocal Influences of Family and Religion in a Changing World

This paper documents an important web of reciprocal causal interrelationships between family structure and religious institutions and values. Religious beliefs had significant effects on family life in the past and are important factors in family structure...

The application of finance theory to public utility rate cases

The purpose of this paper is to formulate the implications of finance theory for rate of return regulation. A variety of problems in finance and the law and economics of regulation are reviewed. Also, a regulatory procedure based on finance theory is...

Statistical inference in the Lexis diagram

The Lexis diagram is a (time, age) coordinate system, representing individual lives by line segments of unit slope, joining (time, age) of birth and death. The main theme of this paper is non-parametric continuous-time statistical analysis on the Lexis...

Factors Affecting Self-esteem, Depression, and Negative Behaviors in Sexually Abused Female Adolescents

A symbolic interaction theoreticalframework was utilized to predict the association of seven variables with the self-esteem, depression level, and negative behaviors of 101 female adolescent incest victims. Multiple regression analyses revealed that the...

Spiritual Conversion: A Study of Religious Change Among College Students

This study examined the nature of spiritual conversion in a sample of 130 Christian coUege students. More specifically, this study offered a definition of spiritual conversion and tested it by comparing the ways in which spiritual conversion differs from...

The Effects of Misclassification on the Bias in the Difference Between Two Proportions and the Relative Odds in the Fourfold Table

It is shown elsewhere [15] that the false negative and false positive rates associated with medical screening techniques do not follow any general or simple models; and that the usual assumptions made for analytical purposes are violated. The effects...

Some Critical Notes on “Governance”

We begin with William Walters' interrogation of the concept of governance. Walters notes that this concept has replaced that of "government" in many political arenas: we speak of "global governance" when discussing international organizations and relations;...

Inventory Replenishment Policy for Increasing Demand

will guarantee that these general features are present. The paper is not concerned with particular functional forms forf(t) and first considers demandsf(t) which are increasing in time. Note that the optimal replenishment strategy leads to reorder times...

MULTIVARIATE SHAPE ANALYSIS

SUMMARY. This paper reviews the present state of the art in shape analysis, as well as introducing a few new ideas. The paper begins with a definition of size and then various coordi nate systems for shape are considered - the QR decomposition and Bookstein...

Cenozoic volcanic rocks of Saudi Arabia

R.G. Coleman, R.T. Gregory, G.F. Brown

BIOLOGICAL DIVERSIFICATION AND ITS CAUSES1

Three major patterns of diversity are defined and a general hypothesis proposed to explain them. These patterns include (a) macroevolutionary diversity, encompassing temporal changes in species richness within and among clades, (b) global diversity, in...

The direct extension of ADMM for multi-block convex minimization problems is not necessarily convergent

The alternating direction method of multipliers (ADMM) is now widely used in many fields, and its convergence was proved when two blocks of variables are alternatively updated. It is strongly desirable and practically valuable to extend the ADMM directly...

The Origins and Early Development of Possessive Behavior

Possessive attitudes and behaviors are an important constituent in political life. This paper discusses the nature of possession-related behavior, with an emphasis on its developmental origins in early childhood. Possession is analyzed in relation to...

Comparative Pathogenesis of Serotype 1 and Variant Serotype 1 Isolates of Infectious Bursal Disease Virus and their Effect on Humoral and Cellular Immune Competence of Specific-Pathogen-Free Chickens

isolate IM of infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) were examined for mitogenic response to T-cell mitogens, primary and secondary antibody response to sheep erythrocytes and Brucella abortus, and gross and histologic lesions in thymus and bursa. Both...

Existence of codimension-one foliations

A codimension-k foliation of a manifold Mn is a geometric structure which is formally defined by an atlas {qf: U. - Mn}, with U c Rn-k x R , such that the transition functions have the form 9pj(x, y) = (f(x, y), g(y)), [x e Rnk, y e Rk]. Intuitively,...

Middlemen in Limit Order Markets

We model high-frequency traders in electronic markets. We ask how the presence of such middlemen may affect welfare. We find that middlemen process public information faster than the average investor. As such, they can play a positive or a negative role....

Measurements of the Higgs boson production and decay rates and coupling strengths using $pp$ collision data at $\sqrt{s}=7$ and $8$ TeV in the ATLAS experiment

Combined analyses of the Higgs boson production and decay rates as well as its coupling strengths to vector bosons and fermions are presented. The combinations include the results of the analyses of the [Formula: see text] and [Formula: see text] decay...

THE KAKEYA MAXIMAL FUNCTION AND THE SPHERICAL SUMMATION MULTIPLIERS.

obvious cases: n = 1 or p =2; and also Fefferman [4] proved that TX is bounded on L P (Rn) provided that p (X) (n - 1)/4. This result has been sharpened by Tomas [15] to X > (n - 1)/2(n + 1). Finally Carleson and Sjolin [3], Fefferman [6] and Hormander...

Bounding homotopy types by geometry

Karsten Grove, Peter Petersen

THE PRIVATIZATION OF SOCIAL SECURITY AND WOMEN'S WELFARE: Gender Effects of the Chilean Reform*

The study shows that the new privately managed pension system in Chile has increased gender inequalities. Women are worse off than they were under the old pay-as-you-go system of social security, in which the calculation of benefits for men and women...

Overseeing Oversight: New Departures and Old Problems

In this article, we analyze recent scholarly writing on legislative control of bureaucracy. Once a neglected area of research, this literature has expanded substantially and has become more sophisticated. Still, many basic problems remain unresolved....

Elasticity of Product Bias

When entering the U.S. market, every foreign producer faces certain tangible barriers such as quotas and tariffs. In addition, foreign sellers may face serious intangible barriers like consumer bias based on product origin [3]. Eventually unwarranted...

Salience-Based Content Characterisation of Text Documents

Summarisation is poised to become a generally accepted solution to the larger problem of content analysis. We offer an alternative perspective on this problem, by tackling the complementary task of content characterisation; our motivation for doing so...

Statistical atlases and computational models of the heart

Oscar Camara, Tommaso Mansi, Mihaela Pop, Kawal Rhode, Maxime Sermesant, Alistair A. Young

Autologistic Model of Spatial Pattern of Phytophthora Epidemic in Bell Pepper: Effects of Soil Variables on Disease Presence

The autologistic model is a flexible model for predicting presence or absence of disease in an agricultural field, based on soil variables, while taking spatial correlation into account. In the autologistic model, the log odds of disease in a particular...

THE COMPARATIVE BIOLOGY OF PARASITE SPECIES DIVERSITY: INTERNAL HELMINTHS OF FRESHWATER FISH

SUMMARY (1) This paper describes and analyses the mean number of parasitic helminth species per host individual among Canadian freshwater fish. (2) Helminth diversity varies among host species. (3) The diversities of different taxa of helminths are correlated...

ON FINITE GROUPS WITH CYCLIC SYLOW SUBGROUPS FOR ALL ODD PRIMES.

The purpose of this paper is to determine the structure of some finite groups in which all Sylow subgroups of odd order are cyclic. This assumption on Sylow subgroups simplifies the structure of groups considerably, but the structure of 2-Sylow subgroups...

Circulation phenomena and frontal dynamics of the Norwegian coastal current

After a short general description of the Norwegian Coastal Current, some recent investigations concerning its variability are reviewed. The variability caused by meteorological effects and fresh water fluxes is shown to be the dominant feature. The coastal...

MIGRATION PATTERNS AND INCOME CHANGE: IMPLICATIONS FOR THE HUMAN CAPITAL APPROACH TO MIGRATION*

sideration of specific SMSA destinations rather than a census region; study of more recent migration using the 1970 Census; and analysis of West-North and North-North migrants as well as South-North movers. The basic income change patterns observed in...

Wireless Sensor Networks

WSNs are made to facilitate military surveillance purposes but its application has since broadened to areas such as monitoring, traffic, security, construction, health and etc. A WSN contains hundreds or even thousands of sensor nodes. Each sensor node...

Set theoretic foundations for constructive analysis

We introduce an extensional set theoretic formalism B, a subsystem of Zermelo set theory based on intuitionistic logic, which provides a set theoretic foundation for constructive analysis which is strikingly analogous to the usual set theoretic foundations...

Trade and Pollution Linkages: Piecemeal Reform and Optimal Intervention

We demonstrate how coordinated trade and environmental policy can achieve ef- ficiency and pollution mitigation gains superior to those obtained without such coordination. We show how trade and environment linkages give rise to complex second-best policy...

Toward a Formal Theory of Transactions and Transvections

> This article presents the initial steps in the formalization of a partial theory of marketing. The partial theory pertains to the movement of goods and information through marketing channels, and the theory utilizes two basic concepts of marketing system...

Retailer, Manufacturers, and Individual Consumers: Modeling the Supply Side in the Ketchup Marketplace

The authors construct a model of the local ketchup market in a Texas city that accounts for household, manufacturer, and retailer decisions. That is, the model develops both demand and supply sides of the market. The authors model the demand side through...

Mental Disorders and Violence in a Total Birth Cohort

trol subjects to be violent. Persons with at least 1 of these 3 disorders constituted one fifth of the sample, but they accounted for half of the sample’s violent crimes (10% of violence risk was uniquely attributable to schizophrenia-spectrum disorder)....

Developing readers' knowledge through analogy*

UNFAMILIAR INFORMATION is often introduced to readers through analogy. The effect of this practice was investigated by examining three possible explanations of analogy's function: to activate specific analogous knowledge, to activate generally related...

A Usability Analysis of Company Websites

Web usability advocates stress the importance of clarity, simplicity, and consistency in web design so that users can perform desired operations efficiently and effectively. If a website lacks these characteristics, users may become confused or frustrated...

Adaptive Cluster Sampling: Designs with Primary and Secondary Units

SUMMARY In adaptive cluster sampling designs, an initial probability sample is selected and, whenever the observed value of the variable of interest satisfies a given condition, units in the neighborhood of that observation are added to the sample. In...

HEURISTIC APPROACHES TO SPATIAL ANALYSIS IN ARCHAEOLOGY

This article discusses an approach to spatial analysis which is more closely tailored to archaeological objectives and archaeological data than are more "traditional" quantitative techniques such as nearest neighbor analysis. Heuristic methods, methods...

Do Drinkers Earn Less

Theoretical work by Becker and others on human capital led initially to empirical research on the determinates of earnings. Interest in human capital has now spread to other areas, especially health. This movement is in conjunction with societal concerns...

Dichotomy and Duality: Reconceptualizing the Relationship Between Policy and Administration in Council-Manager Cities

fairs have grappled with the perplexities of the relationship between policy and administration. Woodrow Wilson's formulation, simplified over time as the dichotomy of policy and administration, defined the terms for discussing the relative roles and...

Changes in Marriage Roles Accompanying the Acculturation of the Mexican-American Wife*

The processes of acculturation, as they effect marriage roles, are examined in the Mexican-American wife population of the United States Southwest. Two groups, representing more-and lessacculturated populations, but roughly equivalent in age, are compared....

The {Q,r) Inventory System With An Unreliable Supplier

This paper examines the impact on operating costs of having an unreliable supplier in a continuous review, fixed order quantity (Q) — reorder point (r) inventory system. We assume Poisson demand and exponentially distributed lengths of the supplier’s...

The Halogen Bond.

The halogen bond occurs when there is evidence of a net attractive interaction between an electrophilic region associated with a halogen atom in a molecular entity and a nucleophilic region in another, or the same, molecular entity. In this fairly extensive...

2015 ESC Guidelines for the management of acute coronary syndromes in patients presenting without persistent ST-segment elevation: Task Force for the Management of Acute Coronary Syndromes in Patients Presenting without Persistent ST-Segment Elevatio

Marco Roffi, Carlo Patrono, Collet Jp, Christian Mueller, Marco Valgimigli, Felicita Andreotti, Jeroen J. Bax, Michael A. Borger, Gerd Hasenfuss, Keld Kjeldsen, Patrizio Lancellotti, Ulf Landmesser, Julinda Mehilli, Debabrata Mukherjee, Robert F. Storey, Stephan Windecker, Helmut Baumgartner, Oliver Gaemperli, Stephan Achenbach, Stefan Agewall, Lina Badimon, Colin Baigent, Raffaele Bugiardini, Scipione Carerj, Filip Casselman, Thomas Cuisset, Cetin Erol, Donna Fitzsimons, Martin Halle, Christian W. Hamm, David Hildick-Smith, Kurt Huber, Efstathios K. Iliodromitis, Stefan James, Basil S. Lewis, Gregory Y.H. Lip, Massimo F. Piepoli, Dimitrios Richter, Thomas Rosemann, Udo Sechtem, Philippe Gabriel Steg, Christian Vrints

On the Mathematical Foundations of MACBETH

MACBETH (Measuring Attractiveness by a Categorical Based Evaluation Technique) is a multicriteria decision analysis approach that requires only qualitative judgements about differences of value to help an individual or a group quantify the relative attractiveness...

Reliability and validity of survey data on sexual behaviour

The contribution of structured interview surveys to the monitoring of changes in risk behaviour is a crucial issue for the evaluation of HIV control programmes. A review is made of studies that have attempted to assess the reliability and validity of...

MATHEMATICS LEARNING IN ENGLISH AS A SECOND LANGUAGE

When the language of instruction is English, the learning of mathematics by students for whom English is a second language raises some important issues. The complex process of learning a second language becomes especially difficult when the language forms...

Paul Simon's Graceland, South Africa, and the Mediation of Musical Meaning

The presence of style indicates strong community, an intense sociability that has been given shape through time, an assertion of control over collective feelings so powerful that any expressive innovator will necessarily put his or her content into that...

Household Formation in Developed Societies

A variety of demographic phenomena common to developed societies (e.g. declining fertility rising divorce rising proportions living alone) are viewed as part of a general trend toward separate living and smaller households and as different forms of an...

MECHANISMS RESPONSIBLE FOR POPULATION REGULATION IN YOUNG MIGRATORY TROUT, SALMO TRUTTA. I. THE CRITICAL TIME FOR SURVIVAL

SUMMARY (1) A 22-year study (1967-88) of migratory trout, Salmo trutta L., in Black Brows Beck (English Lake District) showed that population density is regulated chiefly by densitydependent survival in the early life-stages. Sampling in 8 years was more...

Technological Innovation, Resource Allocation and Growth

We propose a new measure of the economic importance of each innovation. Our measure uses newly collected data on patents issued to US rms in the 1926 to 2010 period, combined with the stock market response to news about patents. Our patentlevel estimates...

Queer Visibility in Commodity Culture

or a lesbian and gay political project that has had to combat the heteronormative tyranny of the empirical in order to claim a public existence at all, how visibility is conceptualized matters. Like "queer," "visibility" is a struggle term in gay and...

Effect Of Macroeconomic Variables On Stock Market Returns For Four Emerging Economies: Brazil, Russia, India, And China

The relationship between share prices and macroeconomic variables is well documented for the United States and other major economies.  However, what is the relationship between share prices and economic activity in emerging economies?  The goal of this...

The Politics of Judicial Reform in Eastern Europe

What kind of judicial institutions is likely to emerge in countries undergoing democratization? What are the conditions for successful judicial reform in new democracies? The relevance of these questions for comparative political science was not always...

Using problem-based learning to prepare educational leaders

Criticisms of current programs for preparing educational leaders abound (Griffiths, Stout, & Forsyth, 1988). In the vast majority of traditional programs, there are few meaningful connections forged among theory, research, and practice. Students learn...

Nonlinear approximation and the space BV (R 2)

Given a function/ ? ?2(0), Q '= (0, l)2 and a real number t > 0, let U(f,t) := infg?BV(g) 11/ ? ??ll/^/) + 'Vgig), where the infimum is taken over all functions g G BV of bounded variation on /. This...

THE ROLE OF PROTECTED AREAS AS ECOLOGICAL BASELINES

Learning to manage wildlife communities and ecosystems for stability, dynamic change or yield is an endeavor of general value, but we are not yet proficient at meeting these objectives. We argue for managing a representative number of protected areas...

Effects of species on nutrient cycles and soil change

Effects of species on nutrient cycles and soil change

Dysplastic Nevus Syndrome

An almost fortuitous discovery of a close association between a familial subtype of malignant melanoma and the dysplastic nevus syndrome not only has facilitated early diagnosis and cure of some melanomas but has provided oncologists with a highly useful...

Self-focusing of nonlinear ion acoustic waves and solitons in magnetized plasmas IV

: Early results concerning the shape and stability of ion acoustic waves are generalized to propagation at an angle to the magnetic field lines. Known results are recovered as special cases.

Vertebrate palaeodistributional patterns and continental drift

The patterns of distribution of vertebrates (primarily terrestrial forms) are analysed from the Silurian onwards, using palaeogeographical maps which show epicontinental seas as well as intercontinental oceans. Silurian vertebrates (fish) are known almost...

One-Sided Sequential Stopping Boundaries for Clinical Trials: A Decision-Theoretic Approach

SUMMARY We address one-sided stopping rules for clinical trials, or more generally, drug development programs, from a decision-theoretic point of view. If efflcacy results are sufflciently negative then the trial will be stopped. But regardless of how...

Simulation Based Inference in Models with Heterogeneity

In this paper we discuss the usefulness, for models with heterogeneity, of simulation techniques in inference procedures, like maximum likelihood method, generalized moments method or pseudo maximum likelihood methods. These proce dures are studied from...

Does Family Interaction Prevent Adolescent Pregnancy

Summary This study uses data from the 1982 National Survey of Family Growth to ascertain whether family interaction can avert adolescent sexual activity, pregnancy, childbearing and parenthood. The results obtained from using logistic regression procedures...

Design standards and technology adoption: welfare effects of increasing environmental fines when the number of firms is endogenous

This paper examines the consequences of an increase in the expected fine for non-compliance with an environmental design standard for an industry with Cournot competition and free entry. Our analysis is quite timely, given recent policy proposals to raise...

Studies on the transmission and prevalence of Bancroftian filariasis in four coastal villages of Tanzania

In surveys of Bancroftian filariasis in four coastal villages in Tanzania, microfilaria rates varied between 28·3 and 15·6% and hydrocoele rates in males over 20 years between 78–5 and 61–3%.Quantitative studies on the intensity of transmission...

Gender divisions and gentrification: a critique

This article presents a critique of the treatment of gender issues within analyses of gentrification. Despite frequent references to the importance of changes in the position of women in the labour market and the family, very few studies examine the possibility...

MODALITIES AND INTENSIONAL LANGUAGES

The subject of this paper is the foundations of modal logic. By founda tions, we generally mean the underlying assumptions, the underpinnings. There is a normative sense in which it has been claimed that modal logic is without foundation. Professor Quine,...

Segmenting the public: an application of value orientations to wildlife planning in Colorado

The values of stakeholders and other publics represent important information for an inte- grative approach to wildlife planning. However, because fundamental values held by the public tend to be similar, integrating them into wildlife planning is problematic....

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