V. Srinivasan, William S. Lovejoy, David Beach

V. Srinivasan, William S. Lovejoy, David Beach

This article establishes conditions sufficient to ensure that a decision of a firm is judged to be desirable by any one shareholder (e.g., the firm's manager) if and only if every shareholder judges it to be desirable. One such condition is that the decision...

Measuring the social gains from recent technological advances is difficult because there are no output indexes from some important adopters. Measurement methods that infer the willingness-to-pay of theadopting industries from the derived demand curve...

In this study, fundamentalism, extrinsic, intrinsic, and quest religious orientations were used to predict discriminatory attitudes toward blacks, women, homosexual persons, and communists. The four discriminations yielded a strong "general tendency to...

An extension of the kappa coeHicient is proposed which is appropriate for use with multiple observations per subject (not necessarily an equal number) and for multiple response choices per observation. Computational methods and nonasymptotic, nonnull...

This revised edition of Memes of Translation includes updates that relate the book's themes to more recent research in Translation Studies. The book contributes to the debate about whether it is worth seeking a coherent theory of translation, by proposing...

Macroeconomics teaches students to be young economists, providing a contemporary approach to the subject and a wealth of real-life case studies to allow students to understand how economics works in practice. Responding to the financial crisis, this text...

Objective: To evaluate the effect of an automatic alerting system on the time until treatment is ordered for patients with critical laboratory results. Design: Prospective randomized controlled trial. Intervention: A computer system to detect critical...

We present a method for proving the existence of Kiihler-Einstein metrics of positive scalar curvature on certain compact complex manifolds, and use the method to produce a large class of examples of compact Kiihler-Einstein manifolds of positive scalar...

descent from parliamentary democracy into the Nazi dictatorship. No such radical change of regime occurred in the United States. Yet the "New Deal" of Franklin Delano Roosevelt's first two presidential terms (1933-1940) was one of the most innovative...

We estimate the demand for health plans by employees in 17 Minneapolis firms. The data set has approximately 900 employees who chose a single-coverage health plan and 2,100 employees who chose family coverage. A nested logit model is empirically shown...

(p. 83) In this paper the palynological examination of sediment cores from Lake Zeribar and Lake Mirabad in the Zagros Mountains of western Iran is discussed. Radiocarbon dates suggest that the Lake Zeribar pollen record covers the last 40,000 years,...

This paper examines the relationship between brand associations (anything in the consumer's mind linked to a specific team brand) and brand loyalty in US professional sport. To study the relationship between 13 brand association dimensions and brand loyalty,...

Goffinan is credited with enriching our understanding of the details of interaction, but not with challenging our theoretical understanding of social organization. While Goffman's position is not consistent, the outlines for a theory of an interaction...

SUMMARY A method of discrimination, based on maximum likelihood estimation, is described. On a variety of mathematical models, including and extending the models most commonly assumed in discriminant theory, the discriminant reduces to multivariate logistic...

This paper is concerned mainly with two-stage Max-Min problems, in which the minimizing “player” acts after the maximizing “player” and with full knowledge of the choice of the maximizing player. Such problems arise in operations research for...

Health-related quality of life is a multidimensional concept with five broad domains: opportunity/resilience, health perception, functional states, impairments/diseases, and duration of life. It addresses the tradeoff between how long and how well people...

Leann M. Tigges, Irene Browne, Gary Paul Green

ONLY RECENTLY has the idea become accepted that the consumers of medical care, as well as the providers, should be consulted as to their attitudes, concerns, and satisfactions with the medical care they receive. Patient satisfaction or dissatisfaction...

This study examines a multivariate model of the effect of life events and transitions, intrafamily strain, marital adjustment, and appraisal on family well-being. Data from 1,140 families were analyzed by LISREL Vlprogram. The model was tested and modified...

The association between teenage childbearing and neonatal mortality is often interpreted as evidence of true age effects. A corresponding expectation is that neonatal mortality will be reduced by prevention of teenage pregnancy. These views are reconsidered...

The methods described in an earlier article devoted to control methods for two related variables are extended to the case of more than two related variables. The concept of matrix notation is introduced because of the resultant simplification in multivariate...

A. S. Oliveira Melo, G. Malinger, R F Ximenes, Patricia Oliveira Szejnfeld, S. Alves Sampaio, A. M. Bispo de Filippis

This interactive feature offers a case vignette accompanied by essays that support either watchful waiting with close observation or lumpectomy with or without radiation. Share your comments and vote at NEJM.org.

A multiple comparison rank sum test, for the simultaneous comparison of all pairs of treatments in a one-way classification with equal numbers of observations, is presented. An example is worked and tables of critical values are given. Computation of...

Many lines of evidence suggest that oxidative stress resulting in reactive oxygen species (ROS) generation and infl ammation play a pivotal role in the age-associated cognitive decline and neuronal loss in neurodegenerative diseases including Alzheimer’s...

This paper discusses one of the uses to which two powerful techniques of modem time series analysis may be put in economics: namely, the study of the precise effects of seasonal adjustment procedures on the characteristics of the series to which they...

SUMMARY Cohort mortality data is represented by a probabilistic combination of competing risks (diseases). Each risk is described by an age-at-death distribution and a net probability of occurrence. This representation is illustrated by a set of pathology...

ON ANALYTIC FAMILIES OF POLARIZED ABELIAN VARIETIES AND AUTOMORPHIC FUNCTIONS

homology and homotopy groups. The terminology for semi-simplicial complexes will follow John Moore [7]. In particular the face and degeneracy maps of K will be denoted by d: Kn Kn-1 and si:K. -> Kn+1 respectively. 1. The definition

The study of data on sex differences in mortality and morbidity obtained from Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) indicated the weaknesses in using cross-national aggregate data for examination of gender differences. The data did confirm a continuing...

This paper deals with the stability of systems of linear inequalities in partially ordered Banach spaces when the data are subjected to small perturbations. We show that a certain condition is necessary and sufficient for such stability. For some of the...

Web-HIPRE is a Java applet for multiple criteria decision analysis. Being located on the WWW, it can be accessed from everywhere in the world. This has opened up a completely new era and dimension in decision support. Web-HIPRE provides a common platform...

Purushottam Papatla, Lakshman Krishnamurthi

Lourdes Benería, Günseli Berik, Maria Floro

Craig A. Pedersen, Philip J. Schneider, Douglas J. Scheckelhoff

Linear one step methods of a novel design are given for the numerical solution of stiff systems of ordinary differential equations. These methods permit fast integration with increments h of the independent variable adjusted to the slowly varying, dominant...

SUMMARY Two new indices are presented for the measurement of distances between populations on the basis of attribute data. The intermediate variables used to obtain these indices help to analyse attribute data in almost all the ways in which quantitative...

The main and interactive effects of age, period, and cohort are not estimable, although certain combinations of those effects are. A method used to obtain estimates of the effects of these variables involves the assumption of additivity and the imposition...

SUMMARY General definitions of demographic and environmental variances as well as demographic covariance are given from first principles. The sum of the environmental variance and the demographic covariance is the covariance betweeen two individuals'...

Summary Various distance-based methods of testing for randomness in a population of spatially distributed events are described. Special emphasis is placed upon preliminary analysis in which the complete enumeration of the events within the study area...

The paper describes a geographical solution to the scale and aggregation problems frequently encountered in studies of spatially aggregated data. Instead of trying to model the effects of scale and aggregation, the problem is inverted. An attempt is made...

There have been two main contributions to the theory of operator algebras on Hilbert space. In a series of five memoirs, Murray and von Neumann have made important strides toward the structure theory of the weakly closed case. In work begun by the Russian...

What is already known about this topic? An outbreak of Zika virus infection a flavivirus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes was first recognized in northeastern Brazil in early 2015. In September a sharp increase in the number of reported cases of microcephaly...

The scope of this article is to show the central role of proximity played over the management of small sized enterprises (small and very small enterprises) based upon the Law of proximity of Abraham Moles and E. Rohmer, thus providing and analytical frame...

> Deal proneness is a function of both the consumer's buying behavior and the frequency with which a given brand is sold on a deal basis. A method is developed for combining these factors in a statistical measure of deal proneness for an individual consumer....

Peter J. Edwards, Peter J. Grubb

We discuss model-fitting methods for analyzing simultaneously the joint and marginal distributions of multivariate categorical responses. The models are members of a broad class of generalized logit and loglinear models. We fit them by improving a maximum...

Mario Micallef, John Douglas Moore

or lexical host, must also necessarily be the phonological host. This paper shows that the structural and phonological hosts need not be the same; i.e., clitics can simultaneously attach syntactically to a structural host, while attaching independently...

Variance estimators under several sample designs are proposed and compared when auxiliary information is available. Improvement of the bias and mean squared error over some estimators commonly used in practice is illustrated. A Monte Carlo comparison...

precise definition of structural stability given in ? 5 is somewhat stronger; it demands that the conjugacy 9q can be found within an arbitrary CO neighborhood of the identity when g is sufficiently close to f.) The idea of this definition is that qualitative...

Recent investigations of the history of Chinese have given new support to the view that sound change diffuses gradually across the lexicon. Yet instrumental studies of sound change in progress support the Neogrammarian position that change affects all...

Summary. Circumscription of Flacourtiaceae was investigated with a phylogenetic analysis of plastid rbcL DNA sequences, and the family was found to be composed of two clades that are more closely related to other families in Malpighiales than to each...

Andrew Crane, Dirk Matten

Judith E. Tintinalli, J. Stephan Stapczynski, O. John Ma, David M. Cline, Garth D. Meckler, Donald M. Yealy

In marketing there are basically two sets of criteria for measurement: managerial and scientific. Managerial needs obviously take precedence in marketing decisions, but they cannot be met over the long term if the scientific needs are ignored. This article...

The prices of death benefit guarantees and maturity benefit guarantees under equity-linked contracts are obtained under conditions of market equilibrium using some recent results from the theory of finance. The model provides a theoretical basis for pricing...

of temporary intrinsics rules out the possibility that objects endure through change.' Lewis maintains that to account for temporary intrinsics we should say that objects do not endure through change, but rather perdure.2 I disagree; Lewis's arguments...

We propose a new approach to analyzing gender differences in wages. This approach identifies several alternative explanatory mechanisms to account for the sorting of women and men into different types of jobs that offer different levels of reward. Because...

The level of measurement of the dependent variable (nominal, ordinal, interval) crucially affects the selection of statistical techniques. Conventional wisdom further restricts the choice of an appropriate technique. In this Workshop paper, we compare...

In this paper, the discursive practices through which males and females are created as opposites and through which people become identifiably one or the other are analysed. It is shown how gender is created by individuals and within individuals as they...

This paper examines the choice of an insurance contract when insurance is of the deductible type. This optimal choice is shown to be directly related to the insured's degree of risk aversion. Under certain assumptions, it is shown that an individual with...

served by SB treatment in a majority of cell lines, and ICAM-1 was expressed in fewer cell lines. Essentially the same results were obtained using other HDACIs such as FR901228, trichostatin A, and trapoxin A. Quantitation of transcripts of CD86 accompanied...

The present study extends previous research in this area by providing a more elaborate and theoretical description of students' solution strategies and errors in dealing with 3-D cube arrays. It describes several cognitive constructions and operations...

at old ages is compared with the schedule for a population that enjoys better material conditions (usually including access to better medical care) and in which death rates are low in the early and middle years, the death rates in the less favoured population,...

It is a well-established principle in manifold topology that by studying codimension-1 objects and their complementary pieces one obtains a great deal of topological and geometric information about the manifold itself. This is particularly true for 3-dimensional...

John Kitching, Louise Muntz, F. J. Ebling

Objective: To assess physician-patient communication patterns associated with use of an electronic medical record (EMR) system in an outpatient setting and provide an empirical foundation for larger studies. Design: An exploratory, observational study...

Techniques for pragmatically interpreting arrays of radiocarbon dates are given. These include weighted averaging, statistical rejection of data, and the evaluation of contemporaneity. Commonly encountered situations are discussed with several actual...

François Ledrappier, Lai-Sang Young

Written just one hundred years ago, Thorstein Veblen's Theory of the Leisure Class ([1899] 1994) still represents a powerful critique of the neoclassical theory of consumption. In contrast to the individual's static maximization of utility according to...

It is well known that, in languages of the world, the passive expression is related to constructions such as reflexives and reciprocals. This paper pays special attention to the less familiar correlations of passives to spontaneous, potential, honorific,...

This paper is concerned with the topological structure of solvmanifolds i.e. spaces on which solvable Lie groups of transformations act transitively. The special case of nilmanifolds in which the group of transformations is nilpotent has been studied...

This research examines how ethical and unethical corporate behavior influence the perceived value of a firm's products, operationalized as the price consumers are willing to pay for that product relative to the competition. We propose that if consumers...

The 100 ka rhythm of orbital eccentricity has dominated large-amplitude climatic variations in the high-latitude North Atlantic during the Brunhes magnetic chron (**0**-**0**.735 Ma BP). Earlier, during the Matuyama chron (**0**.735-2.47...

In dry savannas, soil fertility has a controlling patterns of herbivory, the activities of prehistoric man and influence on the slope of the relation between annual nutrient cycling through trees and termite mounds. While rainfall and annual aboveground...

Yueh-Lin Lee, Jesper Kleis, Jan Rossmeisl, Dane Morgan

Summary The role of comparative bioavailability trials in testing for the bioequivaleslce of diJ0ferent formulations of a drug is discussed asad the statistical aspects of the design and analysis of such trials are reviewed. It is suggested that the design...

Sergej Kuksin, Jürgen Pöschel

Gaius R. Shaver, F. S. Chapin, Barbara L. GARTNERt

Intensive arable production normally involves an increasing frequency of cultivation, and hence an increasing probability of soil compaction, particularly if the soil is cultivated when it is wet. The effects on the potential ability of the soil to produce...

This chapter presents some of the complexities involved in the use of independent dates in archaeology. The general model and its associated concepts specify the temporal, spatial, and relational loci of some of the many variables that constrain the applicability...

Larry W. Isaac, Larry J. Griffin

This paper combines income tax returns with macroeconomic household balance sheets to estimate the distribution of wealth in the United States since 1913. We estimate wealth by capitalizing the incomes reported by individual taxpayers, accounting for...

This chapter presents the informational efficiency of monetary exchange. The focus is on the trading pair as an elementary unit of the exchange process at equilibrium prices. The result is a formal rationale for the budget balance restriction in bilateral...

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