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Publications in 2016

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ELECTROPHORETIC EVIDENCE AND PLANT SYSTEMATICS

The study of phenotypes and their variation often provides evidence for phylogenetic inferences in plant systematics. Therefore, it is critical that the phenotypes analyzed reflect as directly as possible the underlying genotypes. The equation between...

Bathtub and Related Failure Rate Characterizations

Sufficient conditions are obtained that ensure that a lifetime density has a bathtub-shaped failure rate. Analogous conditions handle increasing, decreasing, and upside-down bathtub-shaped failure rates. Application of these results to exponential families...

Trade Induced Technical Change? The Impact of Chinese Imports on Innovation, IT and Productivity

We examine the impact of Chinese import competition on broad measures of technical change—patenting, IT, and TFP—using new panel data across twelve European countries from 1996 to 2007. In particular, we establish that the absolute volume of innovation...

Public health law : power, duty, restraint

Lawrence O. Gostin, Lindsay F. Wiley

Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists clinical practice guidelines for the management of schizophrenia and related disorders

Background: The Royal Australian and New Zealand College of Psychiatrists is co-ordinating the development of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs) in psychiatry, funded under the National Mental Health Strategy (Australia) and the New Zealand Health Funding...

Insider Trading In A Rational Expectations Economy

It is often argued that efficiency considerations require society to freely permit insider trading. In this article, an opposing efficiency argument is formalized. The model incorporates an investment stage followed by a trading stage. If "outsiders"...

Real World Research

Real world research is a common responsibility of professionals and practitioners in a wide range of both public and private settings. These include teachers, social workers and health service professionals, managers and specialists in business, architects,...

The Origins of American Industrial Success, 1879-1940

The United States became the world's preeminent manufacturing nation at the turn of the twentieth century. This study considers the bases for this success by examining the factor content of trade in manufactured goods. Surprisingly, the most distinctive...

The micrometeorology of the urban forest

Urban trees occupy a wide variety of habitats, from a single specimen competing in the urban jungle to extensive remnant or planted forest stands. Each is shown to produce distinct micro- to local scale climates contributing to the larger urban climate...

Organizational Fields Past, Present and Future

Melissa Wooten, Andrew J. Hoffman

Welfare Reform and the Race to the Bottom: Theory and Evidence

Economists have argued that welfare migration leads to a race to the bottom in the choice of welfare benefits. Although a system of federal matching grants can remedy this problem, the recent welfare reform law replaced the existing matching-grant structure...

The monadic theory of order

We deal with the monadic (second-order) theory of order. We prove all known results in a unified way, show a general way of reduction, prove more results and show the limitation on extending them. We prove (CH) that the monadic theory of the real order...

The Role of Implicit Models in Solving Verbal Problems in Multiplication and Division

Arithmetical operations were assumed to remain attached to primitive behavioral models that influence tacitly the choice of an operation even after the learner has had solid formal-algorithmic training. The model for multiplication was conjectured to...

Managing Change: An Overview

As increasingly powerful informatics systems are designed, developed, and implemented, they inevitably affect larger, more heterogeneous groups of people and more organizational areas. In turn, the major challenges to system success are often more behavioral...

An Experimental Study of the Effects of Representational Guidance on Collaborative Learning Processes

The importance of both social processes and of representational aids for learning is well-established, yet few experimental studies have addressed the combination of these factors. The research reported in this article evaluates the influence of tools...

Evaluation of the Subjective Probabilities of Survival in the Health and Retirement Study

In the Health and Retirement Study respondents were asked about the chances they would live to 75 or to 85. We analyze these responses to determine if they behave like probabilities of survival, if their averages are close to average probabilities in...

The Neighborhood Context of Police Behavior

A number of researchers have hypothesized that neighborhood context may influence police behavior. Data from sixty neighborhoods located in three large U.S. cities were analyzed using bivariate and multivariate analyses of five measures of police behavior...

Responding to Student Writing

Most teachers estimate that it takes them at least 20 to 40 minutes to comment on an individual student paper, and those 20 to 40 minutes times 20 students per class, times 8 papers, more or less, during the course of a semester add up to an enormous...

Computer-based Guideline Implementation Systems: A Systematic Review of Functionality and Effectiveness

In this systematic review, the authors analyze the functionality provided by recent computer-based guideline implementation systems and characterize the effectiveness of the systems. Twenty-five studies published between 1992 and January 1998 were identified....

Passing the President's Program: Public Opinion and Presidential Influence in Congress*

Correlations between legislative support scores and presidential popularity do not accurately reflect the relationship between public opinion and presidential influence in Congress. Presidents make strategic choices to expend their public prestige to...

Small Business Finance: A Research Agenda

R. Richardson Pettit, Ronald F. Singer

Description of the NCAR Community Atmosphere Model (CAM 3.0)

Youngjiu Dai, Minghua Zhang, Cecilia M. Bitz, J. Rasch, W. J. Collins, A. Boville, James R. McCaa, P. Briegleb, T. Kiehl, L. Williamson, Shian-Jiann Lin

Incidence and Clinical Relevance of TEL/AML1 Fusion Genes in Children With Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia Enrolled in the German and Italian Multicenter Therapy Trials

over a period of 5 and 9 months, respectively. The overall incidence of the t(12;21) in pediatric ALL is 18.9%. The 63 with a favorable prognosis has been the hyperdiploid group (DNA index i1.16 o1.6). Our findings reinforce the need to cases positive...

Seismic data analysis

An approach for seismic data analysis is provided. In accordance with various embodiments, the active learning approaches are employed in conjunction with an analysis algorithm that is used to process the seismic data. Algorithms that may employ such...

HTTP Live Streaming

This document describes a protocol for transferring unbounded streamsof multimedia data. It specifies the data format of the files and theactions to be taken by the server (sender) and the clients (receivers)of the streams. It describes version 7 of this...

A General Attribution Theory for the Psychology of Religion

A formal theory demonstrating the applicability of attribution concepts and research findings to the psychology of religion is developed and discussed. First, an overview of attribution theory is presented, wherein it is argued that three basic needs...

SOME GLOBAL PROPERTIES OF CONTACT STRUCTURES

transformations in general and to the study of global contact transformations in the special case of euclidean space. In attempting to generalize Lie's results to more general manifolds, it becomes clear that there are intrinsic global differences between...

A critical analysis of the current knowledge of surgical anatomy related to optimization of cancer control and preservation of continence and erection in candidates for radical prostatectomy.

In 2010, we published a review summarising the available literature on surgical anatomy of the prostate and adjacent structures involved in cancer control and the functional outcome of prostatectomy.

Religion as Prosocial: Agent or Double Agent?*

Does religion promote prosocial behavior? A verdict is not clear. Methodological and theoretical weaknesses in recent studies correlating religious orientation with social values (e.g., prejudice) led to the proposal of a new three dimensional model of...

The Effects of Advertising on Brand Switching and Repeat Purchasing

In markets in which first-time purchases are rare, advertising, if it works at all, affects brand shares by either inducing switching or retaining customers who otherwise might switch. There are three possible consequences advertising exposure can have...

ASPECTS OF THE THEORY OF COMPREHENSION, MEMORY AND ATTENTION

This paper proposed a two-stage model to capture some basic relations between attention, comprehension and memory for sentences. According to the model, the first stage of linguistic processing is carried out in short-term memory (MI) and involves a superficial...

Risk Taking and Problem Context in the Domain of Losses: An Expected Utility Analysis

This paper presents an experimental investigation of risk taking in the domain of losses. The results are partly compatible with expected utility theory, assuming an inflection point in the utility function over losses. However, overweighting of low probabilities...

A Longitudinal Study of Invention and Understanding in Children's Multidigit Addition and Subtraction

This 3-year longitudinal study investigated the development of 82 children's understanding of multidigit number concepts and operations in Grades 1-3. Students were individually interviewed 5 times on a variety of tasks involving base-ten number concepts...

Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics—2016 Update

Each year, the American Heart Association (AHA), in conjunction with the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Institutes of Health, and other government agencies, brings together the most up-to-date statistics related to heart disease,...

Nomegrams for Calculating the Number of Patients Needed for a Clinical Trial With Survival as an Endpoint

This paper presents nomograIms for calculating the sample size for a clinical trial with survival as an endpoint. The nomograms are valid when survival is exponential and patients enter the study uniformly. 1. Considerations Aflfecting Sample Size This...

Tobacco Use Among Middle and High School Students - United States, 2011-2015.

Singh T, René A. Arrazola, Catherine G. Corey, Corinne G. Husten, Linda J. Neff, Brian A. King

A COMPARISON OF ALTERNATIVE STRATEGIES FOR ESTIMATING GENE FLOW FROM GENETIC MARKERS

The estimation of gene flow from the distribution of genetic markers in populations requires an indirect approach. Gene flow parameters are defined by demographic models, and population genetic models provide the link between these parameters and the...

EXISTENTIALS AND OTHER LOCATIVES

A theory is proposed that unites the universal locative paradigm consisting of the predicate locative, the existential, and the 'have' predication. This is accomplished by deriving all three from a single underlying structure in which a preposition is...

Stress, role captivity, and the cessation of caregiving.

Carol S. Aneshensel, Leonard I. Pearlin, Roberleigh Schuler

FINITENESS THEOREMS FOR RIEMANNIAN MANIFOLDS.

1. The purpose of this paper is to show that if one puts arbitrary fixed bounds on the size of certain geometrical quantities associated with a riemannian metric, then the set of diffeomorphism classes of compact ndimensional manifolds admitting a metric...

ABDUCTIVE AND DEDUCTIVE CHANGE

This article takes as its point of departure an unusual phonological change in a Czech dialect. It then propores a model of phonological change which would make possible the undentanding of structural innovationr in the phonology of a homogeneous speech...

Outcomes of Surgery in Patients 90 Years of Age and Older

11-year period 1975 through 1985, seven hundred ninety-five patients 90 years of age and older underwent operative procedures at the Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minn. Overall serious morbidity within 48 hours after surgery was 9.4%, and the mortality was...

Kinkeeping in the Familial Division of Labor

In a stratified random sample of adults aged 40 and older, interviewed in Hamilton, Ontario, more than half the respondents indicated that there was someone in their extended family who could be considered a "kinkeeper," someone who works at keeping family...

Emergence of plasmid-mediated colistin resistance mechanism MCR-1 in animals and human beings in China: a microbiological and molecular biological study

Until now, polymyxin resistance has involved chromosomal mutations but has never been reported via horizontal gene transfer. During a routine surveillance project on antimicrobial resistance in commensal Escherichia coli from food animals in China,...

The CMA Evolution Strategy: A Tutorial

: This tutorial introduces the CMA Evolution Strategy (ES), where CMA stands for Covariance Matrix Adaptation. The CMA-ES is a stochastic, or randomized, method for real-parameter (continuous domain) optimization of non-linear, non-convex functions. We...

Domestic Politics, Foreign Interests,, and International Trade Policy: Reply

This paper is directed at explaining the political choice of voluntary export restr aints as means of restriction of international trade. Tariffs are com pared with voluntary export restraints in a setting of competition be tween candidates for political...

Medical Image Databases: A Content-based Retrieval Approach

Information contained in medical images differs considerably from that residing in alphanumeric format. The difference can be attributed to four characteristics: (1) the semantics of medical knowledge extractable from images is imprecise; (2) image information...

Getting to the Top of Mind: How Reminders Increase Saving

We provide evidence from field experiments with three different banks that reminder messages increase commitment attainment for clients who recently opened commitment savings accounts. Messages that mention both savings goals and financial incentives...

Paul Krugman's Geographical Economics and Its Implications for Regional Development Theory: A Critical Assessment*

Economists, it seems, are discovering geography. Over the past decade, a "new trade theory" and "new economics of competitive advantage" have emerged which, among other things, assign a key importance to the role that the internal geography of a nation...

Calculus on arithmetic surfaces

In [A2] and [A3], Arakelov introduces an intersection calculus for arithmetic surfaces, that is, for stable models of curves over a number field. In this paper we intend to show that his intersection product has a lot of useful properties. More precisely,...

Measuring left right and libertarian- authoritarian values in the British electorate

A B S'I'RA C' I' Butler and Stokes' authoritative analysis of the British electorate concluded that in general voters' political attitudes were poorly formed and, in consequence, unstable and inconsistent. This paper re-examines this question by developing...

Oxyradical production as a pollution-mediated mechanism of toxicity in the common mussel, Mytilus edulis L., and other molluscs

Normal and pollution-enhanced oxy- radical (02-, H202, OH)* production in molluscs have been reviewed and discussed. Additionally, data are presented on the antioxidant enzyme responses and lipid peroxidation effects in diges- tive gland of Mytilus edulis...

Psychiatric Services and Medical Utilization in a Prepaid Health Plan Setting

IN TWO PREVIOUS STUDIES5 6 the psychiatric practitioner's contention that emotionally disturbed patients do not seek organic treatment for their complaints following the intervention of psychotherapy have been investigated. Although it has long been recognized...

Shopping Orientations and Product Usage Rates

BACKGROUND This article investigates the hypothesis that urban shoppers, in their search for identity, develop shopping orientations which are related to usage rates of some categories of products. This study evolved from our con

t TESTS AND INTERVALS FOR COTIPARISONS SUGGESTED BY THE DATA

SUMMARY The problem of testing a comparison c stuggested by the data is first identified with the mtultiple comparisons problem for the class C of a priori equally plauisible comparisonis. A multiple comparisons dilemma is then illustrated by a simple...

The Theory of the Multinational Firm: Optimal Behavior under Different Tariff and Tax Rates

This paper explores the profit-maximizing strategy for a monopolistic firm selling to two national markets simultaneously. The choice of how much to produce and sell in each country, how much to export between the two, and what transfer price to put on...

LANGUAGE LEARNING STRATEGIES: DOES THE WHOLE EQUAL THE SUM OF THE PARTS?

Two fundamentally different strategies may be employed by very young children learning their first language. The basic assumptions underlying the study of children's language development, however, have provided means for dealing with only one of these...

A Residue of Tradition: Jobs, Careers, and Spouses' Time in Housework

This study compares the amount of time dual-career husbands and wives spend in housework, relative to their same-sex counterparts in other dual-earner and single-earner households. Data on 1,565 white couples drawn from the 1976 wave of the Panel Study...

Solitary waves in plasmas and in the atmosphere

V I Petviashvili, Oa Pohkotelov, O. A. Pokhotelov

THE METHODS OF CYCLIC REDUCTION, FOURIER ANALYSIS AND THE FACR ALGORITHM FOR THE DISCRETE SOLUTION OF POISSON'S EQUATION ON A RECTANGLE*

The methods of cyclic reduction and Fourier analysis are reviewed together with the FACR algorithm which combines the two methods. It is shown that the asymptotic operation count of the FACR algorithm for an n X n grid is O(n2 1og2 1og2 n) which compares...

Guidelines for the Provision and Assessment of Nutrition Support Therapy in the Adult Critically Ill Patient: Society of Critical Care Medicine (SCCM) and American Society for Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition (A.S.P.E.N.).

Beth Taylor, Stephen A. McClave, Robert G. Martindale, Johnson Dr, Carol Braunschweig, Mary S. McCarthy, Evangelia Davanos, Gail Cresci, Jane M. Gervasio, Gordon S. Sacks, Pamela R. Roberts, Charlene Compher

Impact of Olfactory Impairment on Quality of Life and Disability

Takaki Miwa, Mitsuru Furukawa, Toshiaki Tsukatani, Richard M. Costanzo, Laurence J. DiNardo, Evan R. Reiter

The Internationalization of the Firm from an Entrepreneurial Perspective

There are 2 dominant views in international business research: the economic and the process view. In this study it is shown that these views give some insight into the complex phenomenon of the int ...

The Demand and Supply of Criminal Opportunities

Criminal opportunity theory provides a framework for examining the interaction between potential offenders and potential victims. Criminals' behavior influences the nature and amount of self-protective measures taken by potential victims, and changes...

Some effects of the nature and frequency of vocabulary instruction on the knowledge and use of words

TWO COMPONENTS of a successful vocabulary program, the nature of the instruction and the frequency of instructional encounters, were examined to determine their relative contribution in improving verbal processing skill. Fourth-grade children received...

The analysis and modelling of British invasions

The SCOPE programme on the ecology of biological invasions addresses three questions: What are the factors that determine whether a species will become an invader or not? What are the site properties which determine whether an ecological system will be...

THE ANALYSIS OF A CATCH CURVE

1. Summary The age distribution of a random sample, or the "catch curve" from a stationary animal or fish population, provides information on the annual survival rate of the population. The usual assumptions imply that the age distribution in such a population...

SUBSTITUTION VERSUS FIXED PRODUCTION COEFFICIENTS IN THE THEORY OF ECONOMIC GROWTH: A SYNTHESIS

Mosti growth models are based either on the assumption of fixed production coefficients for labour and capital or on the assumption of substitutability between factors. The present paper proposes a hypothesis which is a compromise between these extremes,...

Adjustment of Monthly or Quarterly Series to Annual Totals: An Approach Based on Quadratic Minimization

This article considers the problem of adjusting monthly or quarterly time series to make them accord with independent annual totals or averages without introducing artificial discontinuities. A general approach and some specific procedures involving constrained...

A Combined Adaptive Neural Network and Nonlinear Model Predictive Control for Multirate Networked Industrial Process Control

This paper investigates the multirate networked industrial process control problem in double-layer architecture. First, the output tracking problem for sampled-data nonlinear plant at device layer with sampling period $T_{d}$ is investigated using...

A One-Way Components of Variance Model for Categorical Data

A components of variance model for categorical data from unbalanced designs which is directly analogous to a one-way random effects ANO VA modelfor quantitative data is proposed. The variance components provide separate reliability measures for each of...

School Quality, School Cost, and the Public/Private School Choices of Low-Income Households in Pakistan

Variation in school attributes, proximity, and fees across neighborhoods is used to identify factors which affect whether poor households send their children to government school, private school, or no school. Analysis shows that even the poorest households...

Linkages Between Sexual Activity And Alcohol and Drug Use Among American Adolescents

Summary Among a nationally representative cohort of young men and women reaching maturity in the late 1970s and early 1980s, over three-fourths of males and half of females

TRUTH TESTS AND UTILITY TESTS: DECISION-MAKERS' FRAMES OF REFERENCE FOR SOCIAL SCIENCE RESEARCH*

In an effort to contribute to an empirically based "sociology of knowledge application," this paper explores the frames of reference that decision-makers employ in assessing the usefulness of social science research for their work. Analysis of responses...

The Analysis of Ranked Data Derived from Completely Randomized Factorial Designs

Summary This paper presents a method for the analysis of ranked data arising from completely randomized factorial designs. The procedure, which is an extension of the Kruskal-Wallis ranks test, allows for the calculation of interaction effects and linear...

Taxonomic diversity estimation using rarefaction

Benthic ecologists have successfully applied rarefaction techniques to the problem of compensating for the effect of sample size on apparent species diversity (= species richness). The same method can be used in studies of diversity at higher taxonomic...

The Caerphilly and Speedwell Collaborative Heart Disease Studies

Objective-To assess the rolesof plasmatriglyceride and highdensity lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentrations inpredicting ischaemicheart disease. Design-Two prospectivecohort studies withcommon core protocols. Setting and participants-Both cohorts...

Is the Stabilization of the Postwar Economy a Figment of the Data

This study of output data for the periods 1866-1914 and 1947-82 shows that much of the apparent stabilization of the postwar economy is an artifact of the way the historical data are constructed. When the methods used to form the historical index of industrial...

Discounts on Restricted Stock: The Impact of Illiquidity on Stock Prices

A simple statistical model explains price differences between securities that differ in resale provisions-in particular, restricted securities, which can be sold only after a two-year holding period, are compared with publicly traded securities of the...

An analogue of the prime number theorem for closed orbits of Axiom A flows

For an Axiom A flow restricted to a basic set we extend the zeta function to an open set containing W(s) > h where h is the topological entropy. This enables us to give an asymptotic formula for the number of closed orbits by adapting the Wiener-Ikehara...

Validation and Comparison of Eight Physical Activity Questionnaires

Several questionnaires are available for assessing physical activity, but few of these instruments have been validated, particularly with respect to energy balance. Twenty-one healthy men 28-55 years old participating in a free-living, controlled feeding...

Solar Neutrino Measurements in Super-Kamiokande-IV

K. Abe, Y. Haga, Y. Hayato, M. Ikeda, K. Iyogi, Jun Kameda, Yusuke Kishimoto, L. F. Marti, M. Miura, S. Moriyama, M. Nakahata, T. Nakajima, S. Nakayama, A. Orii, H. Sekiya, M. Shiozawa, Y. Sonoda, Akiko Takeda, Hajime Tanaka, Y. Takenaga, S. Tasaka, T. Tomura, Kazue Ueno, T. Yokozawa, Rita de Cássia Akutsu, T. Irvine, H. Kaji, T. Kajita, I. Kametani, K. Kaneyuki, K. P. Lee, Y. Nishimura, T. McLachlan, K. Okumura, E. Richard, L. Labarga, P. Fernandez, F. d. M. Blaszczyk, J. Gustafson, C. Kachulis, E. Kearns, J. L. Raaf, J. L. Stone, L. R. Sulak, S. Berkman, S. Tobayama, M. Goldhaber, K. Bays, G. Carminati, N. J. Griskevich

Maximum Likelihood Estimation of the Parameters of the Gamma Distribution and Their Bias

The numerical technique of the maximum likelihood method to estimate the parameters of Gamma distribution is examined. A convenient table is obtained to facilitate the maximum likelihood estimation of the parameters and the estimates of the variance-covariance...

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