CiteWeb

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Publications in 2016

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Cytogenetics of Modern Sugar Canes1

almost like diploids. The meiotic chromosome behavior of F1 hybrids and modern varieties indicates little or no genetic exchange between chromosomes of Saccharum officinarum and S. spontaneum. Irradiation may break linkages between desirable and undesirable...

The MNK Chert Factory Site, Olduvai Gorge, Tanzania

Pleistocene man was surely aware of what were good materials for the fabrication of lithic artefacts, but no systematic studies have been conducted to test this proposition. The situation at Olduvai in Bed II offers an opportunity to extend the work of...

Environmental microbiology: biodegradation

A genuinely new dimension to microbiology concerns the fate of synthetic compounds dispersed throughout the biosphere, with xenobiotic compounds representing a major challenge to the metabolic versatility of microorganisms. While microbial biodegradation...

Coastal Ecosystems: Atlempts to Manage a Threatened Resource

Tropical coastal zones are productive ecosystems that currently face severe environmental threats, particularly from organic pollution. The role of the coastal ecosystems is analyzed and the relationship between coastal ecosystem health and fisheries...

Social correlates of a linguistic variable: A study in a Spanish village

In this study, linguistic and anthropological research methods are employed in investigating the use of one salient feature in the speech of a small community in northern Spain. Though set in rural Spain, the study is of interest both to readers with...

Do High-Frequency Traders Anticipate Buying and Selling Pressure?

High-frequency traders (HFTs) account for a substantial fraction of equity trading, including 40% of NASDAQ dollar volume in 2009, but we know little about the source of their trading profits and how they affect other investors. This study tests the hypothesis...

Railroads and American Economic Growth: A “Market Access” Approach*

This paper examines the historical impact of railroads on the American economy. Expansion of the railroad network may have affected all counties directly or indirectly - an econometric challenge that arises in many empirical settings. However, the total...

Epizootiology of Newcastle Disease in Waterfowl

SUMMARY Antibodies to Newcastle disease virus (NDV) as measured by hemagglutination-inhibition and virus-neutralization tests were detected in 40/236 Canada geese captured while in their southward migration or in their wintering grounds. Antibodies were...

THE INCORPORATION OF A MARGINAL COMMUNITY WITHIN THE SINHALESE NATION

Escalating conflict between Sinhalese and Tamils has produced a polarization and homogenization of ethnic identities that threatens the reproduction of a distinct sense of community among marginal groups such as the Veddas, the reputed descendants of...

On the Bias of Commonly Used Measures of Association for 2 x 2 Tables

SUMMARY The odds ratio and the relative risk are commonly used as measures of association in a fourfold table. The bias of the standard point estimators of these parameters is investigated for small samples. Simple alternative estimators that possess...

The Effect of Legal Counsel on Admissions to a State Mental Hospital: A Confrontation of Professions

positive associations between the presence of a lawyer and (a) duration of the hearing, and (b) the likelihood of not hospitalizing the defendant. The influence of the lawyer persisted within three categories of severity of mental disturbance, as evaluated...

A Comparison of Three Measures of Species Diversity

Sununesar Two popular diversity indices, Simpson 's index Y and the InJoirinationl index H, are compared with a new measure Q based onl the inter-quartile slope oJ the cumulative species abundance curve. It is assumed that interest extends to characteriZing...

LOGIC MODELING: ATOOL FORTEACHING CRITICAL THINKING IN SOCIAL WORK PRACTICE

This article describes how logic models are used to teach critical thinking in social work courses. By breaking down the helping process into parts, logic modeling enables students to think about the clinical experience as a whole and to understand the...

TOLERANCE OF WHEAT AND PEA TO BORON IN IRRIGATION WATER

In a micro-plot experiment 1.5 ppm boron in the irrigation water was toxic for wheat. Its concentration in the soil solution increased to 1.53 ppm and in the plant tissue to 58 ppm. In pea plants 4 ppm B in the irrigation water was toxic with 2.00 ppm...

THE STRUCTURE OF LOCAL HOMEOMORPHISMS, III*1

In this paper, we continue the study of local homeomorphisms in Euclidean n-space begun in [13] and [14]. The main result to be proved here is that any C- volume preserving transformation defined in some neighborhood of the origin, keeping the origin...

Symposium: Queer Theory/Sociology: A Dialogue

into "sex" or accrue sexual meanings by means of discourses and institutional practices. Framing "sex" as social unavoidably makes it a political fact. Which sensations or acts are defined as sexual, what moral boundaries demarcate legitimate and illegitimate...

Neutrino physics and precision cosmology

Cosmology provides an excellent laboratory for testing various aspects of neutrino physics. Here, I review the current status of cosmological searches for neutrino mass, as well as other properties of neutrinos. Future cosmological probes of neutrino...

METEOROLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE AND ENVIRONMENTAL IDEAS IN TRADITIONAL AND MODERN SOCIETIES: THE CASE OF TIBET

Modern environmental knowledge differs from traditional environmental knowledge in being thoroughly quantitative. We exemplify this difference by comparing modem meteorology with traditional Tibetan knowledge about the weather. Modem meteorology understands...

Analytic Properties of Wave Fields

A. G. Kyurkchan, Nadezhda I. Smirnova

Update on Vaccine-Derived Polioviruses — Worldwide, January 2015–May 2016

Jaume Jorba, Ousmane M. Diop, Jane Iber, Roland W. Sutter, Steven G. F. Wassilak, Cara C. Burns

A Motivational Typology of Adult Learners

Barry R. Morstain, John C. Smart

Classification of the botanical origin of cinnamon by solid-phase microextraction and gas chromatography

SummaryThe conditions which affect the reproducibility of characteristic chromatographic profiles of semivolatile compounds from true cinnamon and cassia by headspace solid-phase microextraction are determined. Optimum conditions for sample amount, vial...

Parental Influence on Educational Goals

Analysis of data collected from ninth- and twelfth-grade boys and their parents is directed toward determining whether parent-child agreement on goals can be accepted as evidence of parental influence. The analysis leads to the following conclusions:...

Multifactorial Genetic Models for Q?vantitative Traits in Humans

SutHmary Quas1titative traits measured in hunlan families can be analyzed to partition the total population variance is1tO genetic and environmental components or to elucidate the genetic mechanisn1 involved. We review the estimation of variance compones1ts...

Identification of a new soybean rust resistance gene in PI 567102B

Soybean rust (SBR) caused by Phakopsora pachyrhizi Syd. and P. Syd. is one of the most economi- cally important diseases of soybean (Glycine max (L.) Merr.). Durable resistance to P. pachyrhizi is the most effective long-term strategy to control SBR....

Do Managers Do Good with Other Peoples' Money?

We find support for two key predictions of an agency theory of unproductive corporate social responsibility. First, increasing managerial ownership decreases measures of firm goodness. We use the 2003 Dividend Tax Cut to increase after-tax insider ownership....

Advantages of Examining Multicollinearities in Regression Analysis

Summary In this paper a regression analysis is performed with data on spinal cord injuries in order to demonstrate the benefits of determining which, if any, multicollinearities are present in prediction data. Existing muilticollinearities are shown to...

INDETERMINATE IDENTITY, CONTINGENT IDENTITY AND ABELARDIAN PREDICATES

Evans's reasoning provides, in essence, a conclusive argument for the view that indeterminacy in identity statements must be regarded as due to semantic indeterminacy and not as due to indeterminacy in the world. But there are various reasons why some...

Increase in reported prevalence of microcephaly in infants born to women living in areas with confirmed Zika virus transmission during the first trimester of pregnancy -- Brazil 2015.

What is already known about this topic? An outbreak of Zika virus disease caused by a flavivirus transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes occurred in Brazil in early 2015. An increase in the prevalence of infants born with microcephaly has been reported in Brazil...

PSEUDO-HARMONIC INTERPOLATION ON CONVEX DOMAINS*

Practical interpolation schemes for functions of more than one variable need not be finite-dimensional as in the case of univariate functions. The so-called "blending-function methods" are one example of such transfinite schemes. Another is the method...

On using the Box-Muller Transformation with Multiplicative Congruential Pseudo-random Number Generators

SUMMARY In a recent Monte Carlo study, a most unsatisfactory sampling distribution was obtained when supposedly standard techniques were employed to simulate a simple random sample from the standard normal distribution. A selection of observed and expected...

Accelerated proximal stochastic dual coordinate ascent for regularized loss minimization

We introduce a proximal version of the stochastic dual coordinate ascent method and show how to accelerate the method using an inner-outer iteration procedure. We analyze the runtime of the framework and obtain rates that improve state-of-the-art results...

The Status of Glaciers in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region

The study presented here was designed to develop comprehensive baseline information on the glaciers of the entire HKH region organised by major basins and sub-basins. The glacier inventory was prepared from satellite images taken within a short period...

YOUNG PEOPLES' IDEAS OF INFINITY

This paper considers views of infinity of young people prior to instruction in the methods mathematicians use in dealing with infinity. To avoid overlap with other papers in this special issue on infinity, reference to limit notions and Cantorian views...

THE NEW INDUSTRIAL AGRICULTURE: THE REGIONAL INTEGRATION OF SPECIALTY CROP PRODUCTION

Studies within the theoretical framework of "the new industrial geography" have depended on manufacturing and service industries, overlooking the primary sector. When compared with manufacture, agriculture exhibits similarities and distinctions which...

Skeletal analysis and theoretical complications

Archaeologists - feminist or otherwise - use biologically sexed human remains to make inferences about cultures' conceptions of gender. Creating an easy link between 'sex' and 'gender', however, is not without problems. Recent debates within the social...

An approach to northwestern Mediterranean recent prehistoric vegetation and ecologic implications

Recent prehistoric vegetation is studied by means of char- coal found in archaeological deposits. Such charcoal is the direct result of interaction between man and the plant environment because it comes from wood cut by man himself. Abundant samples allow...

CRITERIA OF AGE OF INCUBATED MALLARD, WOOD DUCK, AND BOB-WHITE QUAIL EGGS

Descriptions of a portable egg candler, an egg volumeter, and the technique of photographing incubated eggs with transmitted light have been presented elsewhere (Hanson, 1954, Journ. Wildl. Mgt., 18: in press). This report, primarily a continuation of...

Winning Hearts and Minds Through Development? Evidence from a Field Experiment in Afghanistan

In areas afflicted by civil conflict, development projects can potentially serve an important counterinsurgency function by redressing grievances of marginalized groups and reducing violence. Using a large-scale randomized field experiment in Afghanistan,...

Temporal Variability in Home Ranges of Eastern Chipmunks (Tamias striatus) in a South- eastern Ontario Woodlot

Home ranges of Tamias striatus were spatially concen- trated and most stable temporally in areas of woodlot habitat where some degree of transition existed between forest and field. Between 69-90% of all home ranges lay entirely within, or extended into,...

Sex, speech, and stereotypes: Why women use prestige speech forms more than men

It is widely reported that women use more prestige speech forms than men, and style-shift more dramatically than men. This article puts forward the view that this behavior of women is not a matter of selfpromotion, but of avoidance. Evidence from a survey...

Moduli space, heights and isospectral sets of plane domains*

Let Q be a plane domain of finite connectivity n with smooth boundary and choose a fixed domain 2 of the same type. Then there exists a flat metric g on 2 such that Q is isometric with 29g. In what follows we do not distinguish between isometric domains....

Population Trends and Policies in Vietnam

Vietnam in recent years has succeeded in lowering both its death and birth rates. The rate of natural increase has fallen somewhat, but was on the order of 2.4 or 2.5 percent per annum in 1980, sufficient if continued to double the population in about...

Sinusitis in Turkeys Associated with Respiratory Cryptosporidiosis

SUMMARY An outbreak of sinusitis due to cryptosporidial infection is described in 7-week-old turkeys. Infection of 3-week-old turkeys subsequently placed in the same environment is documented.

STUDIES ON DRUG RESISTANCE IN COCCIDIA

The addition of chemicals to poultry feed for preventing and controlling coccidiosis outbreaks has been widely and intensively applied in the United States during the past 6 years. This development has permitted the poultry-industry to expand greatly...

The Importance of Being Beautiful: A Reexamination and Racial Comparison'

This research note presents data from new samples of black and white women to compare with the findings presented by Elder and by Taylor and Glenn on the importance of feminine attractiveness versus education as a vehicle for upward mobility through marriage.

ASPECTS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BURYING BEETLES, NECROPHORUS SPP. AND THE MITE, POECILOCHIRUS NECROPHORI VITZ.

The various types of association between mites and other invertebrates, particularly insects, have been discussed by Vitzthum (1941) and Tragardh (1943), and more recently by Evans, Sheals & Macfarlane (1961). The associations fall into five broad categories,...

Towards a Theory of Religion: Religious Commitment

W e are launched on the immodest task of constructing a general theory of religion. We propose to deduce from a small set of axioms about what humans are like and how they behave, and from a larger number of definitions, a series of propositions explaining...

Assessment of Clinical Criteria for Sepsis For the Third International Consensus Definitions for Sepsis and Septic Shock (Sepsis-3)

RESULTS In the primary cohort, 148 907 encounters had suspected infection (n = 74 453 derivation; n = 74 454 validation), of whom 6347 (4%) died. Among ICU encounters in the validation cohort (n = 7932 with suspected infection, of whom 1289 [16%] died),...

CALLING STUDENTS TO SERVE THE HOMELESS: A PROJECTTO PROMOTE ALTRUISM AND COMMUNITY SERVICE

Americans' participation in community and civic activities has declined over the last several decades. This article describes a project in which social work faculty, practitioners, and students cooperated to develop and implement a local, college-based...

Pesticide resistance of Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Acari: Tetranychidae) in China: a review

This paper reviews the development of pesticide resistance in Tetranychus cinnabarinus (Boisduval) and studies on the genetics and management of pesticide resistance in China. This mite has developed resistance to at least 25 pesticides in China. It first...

Belgian Society of Pneumology. Guidelines on the management of spontaneous pneumothorax

P. De Leyn, M. Lismonde, V. Ninane, Marc Noppen, Hans Slabbynck, A. Van Meerhaeghe, P. Van Schil, Frank Vermassen

CONTEXTS OF CULTURAL CHANGE IN INSULAR CALIFORNIA

Archaeological and ethnohistorical researchers in California are reaping the rewards from a wealth of new information about precontact and early historical cultural diversity, technologies, and marine and terrestrial ecosystems. Our recent investigations...

When physical intuition fails

We analyze the problem-solving strategies of physics professors in a case where their physical intuition fails. A nonintuitive introductory-level problem was identified and posed to twenty physics professors. The problem placed the professors in a situation...

Traveling fronts in space-time periodic media

This paper is concerned with the existence of pulsating traveling fronts for the equation: ∂t u −∇· � A(t, x)∇u � + q(t,x) ·∇ u = f( t,x , u), (1) where the diffusion matrix A, the advection term q and the reaction term f are periodic...

GRADUATE SCHOOL AND THE SELF: A THEORETICAL VIEW OF SOME NEGATIVE EFFECTS OF PROFESSIONAL SOCIALIZATION*

Examinations of the professional socialization that accompanies graduate school training generally view this socialization as developmental and do not often explore its effect on the self of students. By proposing a conceptualization of this process as...

Prehensile Wear on Flint Tools

Microscopic functional research has mainly been focused on use-wear traces visible on working edges (active tool parts). Non-active parts have been largely neglected, although these parts may also carry traces worth exploring. Not only technological traces,...

Antidepressant Use During Pregnancy and the Risk of Autism Spectrum Disorder in Children

Takoua Boukhris, Odile Sheehy, Laurent Mottron, Anick Bérard

WOMEN, READING, AND CULTURAL AUTHORITY: SOME IMPLICATIONS OF THE AUDIENCE PERSPECTIVE IN CULTURAL STUDIES

thousands-of groups of middle-class women gather every month in members' homes to discuss books. They show in action how at least one sector of the reading public responds to the economic power of the modern book industry and to the cultural authority...

The Production of Auxin by Autolysing Tissues

Summary. Autolysing plant tissues are known to produce auxin when extracted with ether. It has been shown that autolysing plant, yeast and rat liver tissues produce auxin in vitro; this suggests that relatively unspecific mechanisms are involved. Furthermore,...

HIV- AND AIDS-RELATED STIGMA, DISCRIMINATION, AND HUMAN RIGHTS: A Critical Overview,

®Al over the world, the epidemics of HIV and AIDS have been capable of bringing out the best and the worst in people: the best, when, in solidarity, people join together to combat government, community, and individual denial, and to offer support and...

NOTHING VENTURED, NOTHING GAINED? CONCEPTUALIZING SOCIAL MOVEMENT "SUCCESS" IN THE LESBIAN AND GAY MOVEMENT

This article employs and expands a multidimensional framework for understanding movement effects that includes political, mobilization, and cultural outcomes. It compares lesbian and gay efforts to decriminalize sodomy between 1961 and 1977 and between...

A Synthesis: Accounting and Behavioral Science

In recent years, a new field of behavioral science has emerged that has as its focus the problems of how individuals search, code, weight, and combine information in order to form judgments and decisions. This field, which is at the intersection of psychology,...

On the Distribution of the Ratio of Two Random Variables Having Generalized Life Distributions

suggested that the Weibull distribution be used in studies of the life distribution of electron tubes. Others have suggested use of the gamma and log normal distributions for life studies. Zelen and Dannemiller [8] proposed a general life distribution...

The Incident Object Description Exchange Format v2

The Incident Object Description Exchange Format (IODEF) defines a data\nrepresentation that provides a framework for sharing information\ncommonly exchanged by Computer Security Incident Response Teams\n(CSIRTs) about computer security incidents. This...

MOTHERS MAKING TENURE

This study examines the experiences of 22 tenure track mothers in university social work programs who responded to a mail survey. Qualitative analysis is used to explore the mothers’ experiences combining the roles of academic and mother. Struggles...

Economic Effects of Clinical Chicken Anemia Agent Infection on Profitable Broiler Production

SUMMARY. An outbreak of anemia dermatitis syndrome caused by chicken anemia agent (CAA) occurred in 15 broiler flocks. An average of 29% of chickens in these flocks were derived from a common breeder flock. The breeder flock had no antibody to CAA at...

ON SPACE AS A CAPACITY

This article is about space and social relationships. More precisely, it is about the space of and in social relationships. It is also about the efficacy of social relationships in segregating their own contexts of meaning and value. The article also...

Paying for Public Inputs

With public consumption goods, Pareto optimality can be achieved in equilibrium through Lindahl pricing. This requires that each consumer pays a price proportional to his marginal utility from the public good. The marginal cost of providing the good is...

Outbreaks of aflatoxicoses in India

Mycotoxins particularly aflatoxins are gaining increasing importance due to their deleterious effects on human and animal health and also due to ubiquitous  presence  of aflatoxigenic fungi in all the agricultural commodities under field and storage...

RESPONSE OF BLACK BEARS TO FOREST MANAGEMENT IN THE SOUTHERN APPALACHIAN MOUNTAINS

We evaluated responses of black bears ( Ursus americanus) to changes in habitat in the Pisgah National For- est in North Carolina, USA. Changes in habitat were due to forest management, which affected bear habitat in complex ways. Harvested stands provided...

Breastfeeding in the 21st century: epidemiology, mechanisms, and lifelong effect

The importance of breastfeeding in low-income and middle-income countries is well recognised, but less consensus exists about its importance in high-income countries. In low-income and middle-income countries, only 37% of children younger than 6 months...

Frequency of hepatitis C in pregnancy and pregnancy outcome.

The objective was to determine the frequency of HCV infections in pregnant women to find out the risk factors for HCV infection in pregnant women and to compare pregnancy outcome of the sero-positive women with sero-negative women. Design: Case-control...

TELEOLOGICAL EXPLANATION IN BIOLOGY *t

EXPRESSIONs like ' function', ' purpose ',' role ' and ' in order to' occur in sentences in biology. For example: 'A function of liver is to secrete bile', ' The heart beats in order to circulate the blood', ' The role of the sodium chloride is to prevent...

A Critical Approach to Evaluating Clinical Efficacy, Adverse Events and Drug Interactions of Herbal Remedies

Angelo A. Izzo, Sung Hoon‐Kim, Rajan Radhakrishnan, Elizabeth M. Williamson

Ethnic identity and social mobility: A test of the "drawback model"*

The debate as to whether ethnic identity is a resource or a drawback for social mobility led the authors to compare Germans, Italians, Jews, and Ukrainians in Toronto to test four hypotheses. The study concludes with Tepperman, Darroch, and Herberg that...

Determinants of Undernutrition Among Homeless Adults

Fernando Alvarez, Amir Beshai, David Fischer, Daniel Garcia, Lillian Gelberg

Prediction, Linear Regression and the Minimum Sum of Relative Errors

relative errors (MSRE) is proposed as an alternative criterion to the minimization of the sum of squared errors (MSSE) and the minimization of the sum of absolute errors (MSAE). The problem is formulated as a linear programming problem and a solution...

Distributed Planning In Cellular Flexible Manufacturing Systems

This paper presents a novel approach concerning the design of distributed information systems in a computerized manufacturing environment, wliich consists of loosely coupled manufacturing cells. The planning and control in this environment is related...

Family Planning Knowledge, Attitudes And Practices of Males in llorin, Nigeria

Summary A household survey conducted between September 1988 and January 1989 in Ilorin, Nigeria, yielded data on the contraceptive knowledge, attitudes and practices of 1,022 men. Although the sample is not representative of the city, the data provide...

Flandrian relative sea-level changes in the Philorth valley, north-east Scotland

Landforms and deposits in the lower Philorth valley near Fraserburgh, are examined. The valley floor is extensively occupied by peat, within which colluvial, fluvial, and estuarine deposits occur. Pollen analysis is employed to establish a vegetational...

INTERVAL ESTIMATION OF THE SLOPE OF THE MAJOR AXIS OF A BIVARIATE NORMAL DISTRIBUTION IN THE CASE OF A SMALL SAMPLE

SUMMARY A small-sample procedure is proposed for the interval estimation of the slope of the major axis of a bivariate normal distribution: the interval covers the slopes of all hypothetical major axes such that each is not significantly correlated with...

Presidential Evaluations and Voting for Congress

elections constitute a referendum on the administration's performance. Some studies in psychology and in political science have suggested that negative cues are likely to be more potent than positive ones as influences on individual opinions and behavior....

Clinical reviews in allergy and immunology

Hypereosinophilic syndromes (HESs) are a diverse group of conditions characterized by clinical manifestations attributable to eosinophilia and eosinophilic infiltration of tissues. HESs are chronic disorders with significant morbidity and mortality. Although...

THE DISTRIBUTIONAL PATTERNS OF NEW WORLD NECTAR-FEEDING BATS'

Whereas in the Eastern Hemisphere, all nectar-feeding bats are members of the suborder Megachiroptera, in the tropical and subtropical portions of the Western Hemisphere (in the absence of megachiropterans) certain members of one family (Phyllostomidae)...

EXPLORING THE NATURE OF MATHEMATICAL ACTIVITY: USING THEORY, RESEARCH AND 'WORKING HYPOTHESES' TO BROADEN CONCEPTIONS OF MATHEMATICS KNOWING1

50s? ABSTRACT. What proficiencies are brought to bear when students work on mathematics problems? And to what extent may these be captured by knowledge categories? These are questions that I consider in this article, as I explore notions of competency,...

Inflation, Indexation, and Life Insurance Sales in Brazil

Insurance industries in a growing number of countries are experimenting with indexed life insurance policies, in an effort to mitigate the value erosion produced by inflation. The present study focuses on life insurance in Brazil, before and after the...

The psychodynamics of sex education.

For a period of years students in a university marriage course were assigned to write a family analysis in which they analyzed the internal dynamics of their own family of orientation. One item in the outline guide was "psychosexual development." In student...

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