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Publications in 2016

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NON-COOPERATIVE GAMES

we would call cooperative. This theory is based on an analysis of the interrelationships of the various coalitions which can be formed by the players of the game. Our theory, in contradistinction, is based on the absence of coalitions in that it is assumed...

A Description of the Advanced Research WRF Version 2

William C. Skamarock, Joseph B. Klemp, Jimy Dudhia, David Gill, Dale M. Barker, Wei Wang, Jordan G. Powers

ERC: A Theory of Equity, Reciprocity, and Competition

We demonstrate that a simple model, constructed on the premise that people are motivated by both their pecuniary payoff and their relative payoff standing, organizes a large and seemingly disparate set of laboratory observations as one consistent pattern....

Bose-Einstein condensation and superfluidity

Lev P. Pitaevskii, Sandro Stringari

NEW TABLES FOR MULTIPLE COMPARISONS WITH A CONTROL

Some time ago, a multiple comparison procedure for comparing several treatments simultaneously with a control or standard treatment was introduced by the present author (Dunnett [1955]). The procedure was designed to be used either to test the significance...

Image Segmentation Techniques

There are now a wide Abstract There are now a wide variety of image segmentation techniques, some considered general purpose and some designed for specific classes of images. These techniques can be classified as: measurement space guided spatial clustering,...

Racism and the press

Teun A. van Dijk

A LINEAR PROGRAMMING APPROACH TO THE CUTTING-STOCK PROBLEM

cost for specified numbers of lengths of material to be cut from given stock lengths of given cost. When expressed as an integer programming problem the large number of variables involved generally makes computation infeasible. This same difficulty persists...

Methodological Issues Related to the Estimation of Financial Distress Prediction Models

Researchers typically estimate financial distress prediction models on nonrandom samples. Estimating models on such samples can result in biased parameter and probability estimates if appropriate estimation techniques are not used. This paper examines...

Performance Outcomes of Purchasing Arrangements in Industrial Buyer-Vendor Relationships

Purchasing arrangements for repetitively used industrial supplies assume many different forms. Drawing on transaction cost analysis, the authors advance a conceptual framework that organizes these arrangements along a continuum of relationships. They...

Intergenerational Income Mobility in the United States

Social scientists and policy analysts have long expressed concern about the extent of intergenerational income mobility in the United States, but remarkably little empirical evidence is available. The few existing estimates of the intergenerational correlation...

ITERATIVE SOLUTION OF IMPLICIT APPROXIMATIONS OF MULTIDIMENSIONAL PARTIAL DIFFERENTIAL EQUATIONS

Summary. A new iterative method has been developed for solving the large sets of algebraic equations that arise in the approximate solution of multidimensional partial differential equations by implicit numerical techniques. This method has several advantages...

Endogenous Preferences: The Cultural Consequences of Markets and other Economic Institutions

Drawing on experimental economics, anthropology, social psychology, sociology, history, the theory of cultural evolution as well as more conventional economic sources, I review models and evidence concerning the impact of economic institutions on preferences,...

Executive Summary: Heart Disease and Stroke Statistics—2016 Update

We wish to thank Drs Brian Eigel and Michael Wolz for their valuable comments and contributions. We would like to acknowledge Tim Anderson and Tom Schneider for their editorial contributions and Karen Modesitt for her administrative assistance.Summary...

Probability plotting methods for the analysis of data

SUMMARY This paper describes and discusses graphical techniques, based on the primitive empirical cumulative distribution function and on quantile (Q-Q) plots, percent (P-P) plots and hybrids of these, which are useful in assessing a one-dimensional sample,...

The Rectilinear Steiner Tree Problem is $NP$-Complete

An optimum rectilinear Steiner tree for a set A of points in the plane is a tree which interconnects A using horizontal and vertical lines of shortest possible total length. Such trees correspond to single net wiring patterns on printed backplanes which...

Ties That Bind: A Social Contracts Approach to Business Ethics

John R. Rowan, Thomas Donaldson, Thomas W. Dunfee

Optimal Taxation and Public Production I: Production Eficiency

Optimal Taxation and Public Production I: Production Eficiency

In Defense of Multiplicative Terms In Multiple Regression Equations

Though the inclusion of multiplicative terms in multiple regression equations is often prescribed as a method for assessing interaction in multivariate relationships, the technique has been criticized for yielding results that are hard to interpret, unreliable...

The Transport Layer Security (TLS) Protocol Version 1.3

This document specifies version 1.3 of the Transport Layer Security(TLS) protocol. TLS allows client/server applications to communicateover the Internet in a way that is designed to prevent eavesdropping,tampering, and message forgery.

Cooperation in Public-Goods Experiments: Kindness or Confusion?

The persistence of cooperation in public-goods experiments has become an important puzzle for economists. This paper presents the first systematic attempt to separate the hypothesis that cooperation is due to kindness, altruism, or warm-glow from the...

TRANSNATIONAL ENTREPRENEURS: AN ALTERNATIVE FORM OF IMMIGRANT ECONOMIC ADAPTATION

The recent literature on immigrant transnationalism points to an alternative form of economic adaptation of foreign minorities in advanced societies that is based on the mobilization of their cross-country social networks. Case studies have noted the...

A LONGITUDINAL STUDY OF LEARNING TO USE CHILDREN'S THINKING IN MATHEMATICS INSTRUCTION

This study examined changes in the beliefs and instruction of 21 primary grade teachers over a 4-year period in which the teachers participated in a CGI (Cognitively Guided Instruction) teacher development program that focused on helping the teachers...

An analysis of cooperative research and development

I analyze the effects of cooperative research, whereby member firms agree to share the costs andfruits of a research project before they undertake it. In this model industrywide agreements tend to have socially beneficial effects when the degree ofproduct...

What Are Institutions

The use of the term institution has become widespread in the social sciences in recent years, reflecting the growth in institutional economics and the use of the institution concept in several other disciplines, including philosophy, sociology, politics,...

Real-variable methods in harmonic analysis

Alberto Torchinsky, Hyman Bass, Samuel Eilenberg

Evaluation of Experiments with Adaptive Interim Analyses

SUMMARY A general method for statistical testing in experiments with an adaptive interim analysis is proposed. The method is based on the observed error probabilities from the disjoint subsamples before and after the interim analysis. Formally, an intersection...

The Endowment EfFect, Loss Aversion, and Status Quo Bias

most (all?) behavior can be explained by assuming that agents have stable, well-defined preferences and make rational choices consistent with those preferences in markets that (eventually) clear. An empirical result qualifies as an anomaly if it is difficult...

CRC materials science and engineering handbook

James F. Shackelford, Young-Hwan Han, Sukyoung Kim, Se-Hun Kwon

The Equity Premium: It's Still a Puzzle

The paper examines the literature that attempts to resolve the equity premium and riskfree rate puzzles. It demonstrates that the puzzles will confront any model of asset prices that relies on three crucial assumptions: preferences have a particular parametric...

Generalised Additive Models for Location Scale and Shape

A general class of statistical models for a univariate response variable is presented which we call the generalized additive model for location, scale and shape (GAMLSS). The model assumes independent observations of the response variable "y" given the...

UNGULATE EFFECTS ON THE FUNCTIONAL SPECIES COMPOSITION OF PLANT COMMUNITIES: HERBIVORE SELECTIVITY AND PLANT TOLERANCE

Large mammalian herbivores not only depend on plant communities for their existence but cause major changes in plant community composition and structure. These changes have direct consequences for ecosystem processes, but recent studies of ungulate-ecosystem...

Nonparametric Maximum Likelihood Estimation of a Mixing Distribution

The nonparametric maximum likelihood estimate of a mixing distribution is shown to be self-consistent, a property which characterizes the nonparametric maximum likelihood estimate of a distribution function in incomplete data problems. Under various conditions...

Good reduction of abelian varieties

Jean-Pierre Serre, J. Tate

A steepest descent method for oscillatory Riemann-Hilbert problems. Asymptotics for the MKdV equation

In this article we present a new and general approach to analyzing the asymptotics of oscillatory Riemann-Hilbert problems. Such problems arise, in particular, when evaluating the long-time behavior of nonlinear wave equations solvable by the inverse...

Policy analysis : concepts and practice

David L. Weimer, Aidan R. Vining

Observation of Gravitational Waves from a Binary Black Hole Merger

On September 14, 2015 at 09:50:45 UTC the two detectors of the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory simultaneously observed a transient gravitational-wave signal. The signal sweeps upwards in frequency from 35 to 250 Hz with a peak gravitational-wave...

Commonsense Conceptions of Emergent Processes: Why Some Misconceptions Are Robust

This article offers a plausible domain-general explanation for why some concepts of processes are resistant to instructional remediation although other, apparently similar concepts are more easily understood. The explanation assumes that processes may...

QUESTIONS IN MONTAGUE ENGLISH

of ordinary English." Taking as building bricks basic linguistic items of the categories proper name (prn), formula (fml), one-place verb (lvb), two-place verb (2vb), common noun (cmn), adformula (adf), adverb (adv) and adjective (adj)2, he gives rules...

Self-Assessment of Health: A Longitudinal Study of Elderly Subjects*

Fifteen years after 270 persons 60 years of age and over were first studied in a multidisciplinary longitudinal study of aging, 83 panelists were available for a sixth observation. In an investigation of the relationship between self and physicians' assessment...

Influence of climate, soil moisture, and succession on forest carbon and nitrogen cycles

The interactions between the biotic processes of reproduction, growth, and death and the abiotic processes which regulate temperature and water availability, and the interplay between the biotic and abiotic processes regulating N and light availabilities...

THE NATION-STATE AND THE NATURAL ENVIRONMENT OVER THE TWENTIETH CENTURY

National activities to protect the natural environment are on the rise. Conventional explanations of the phenomenon emphasize domestic processes, set in motion by environmental degradation and economic affluence. We propose instead a top-down causal imagery...

ON ISOLATED RATIONAL SINGULARITIES OF SURFACES.

In 1934, DuVal [3] listed the configurations of curves which can be obtained by resolving certain isolated double points of embedded surfaces (they are depicted in the figure below). These configurations arise naturally in other contexts, for instance...

The Cerdà Plan for the Expansion of Barcelona: A Model for Modern City Planning

Modern city planning started with the Industrial Revolution and the scientific a dvances of the ??19th Century. At the time, Catalan engineer Idelfons Cerda coined the word "urbanism” as a new and necessary science to deal with cities, having three...

BUREAUCRACY AND GROWTH: A CROSS-NATIONAL ANALYSIS OF THE EFFECTS OF "WEBERIAN" STATE STRUCTURES ON ECONOMIC GROWTH*

The role of bureaucratic authority structures in facilitating economic growth has been a sociological concern since Max Weber's classic contributions almost 100 years ago. Using a recent and original data set, we examine the characteristics of core state...

Using Weather Variability To Estimate the Response of Savings to Transitory Income in Thailand

This paper measures the extent to which farmers are able to use savings and dissavings to smooth consumption in response to unexpected shocks to income. Time-series information on regional rainfall is used to construct estimates of transitory income due...

Design of Treatment Trials for Functional Gastrointestinal Disorders

Until recently many clinical trials of functional gastrointestinal disorders (FGIDs) suffered from important weaknesses in trial design, study execution, and data analysis. This makes it difficult to determine whether truly efficacious therapies exist...

Economics of monetary union

With the launch of the Euro, Europe's monetary landscape has changedfundamentally. Now in its fourth edition, this well-established textbook onmonetary integration has been significantly rewritten to take account of thesechanges.New issues include:Monetary...

Culture's consequences

This study broadens our understanding of the gender digital divide in India.Cultural factors create economic barriers for Indian women to own a mobile phone.Financially independent women cannot own some of the most inexpensive mobile phones. Economic...

ROBUST ESTIMATES, RESIDUALS, AND OUTLIER DETECTION WITH MULTIRESPONSE DATA

SUMMARY The paper gives an overview of concepts and techniques pertaining to (i) the robust estimation of multivariate location and dispersion; (ii) the analysis of two types of multidimensional residuals-namely those that occur in the context of principal...

Robustness of the Multidimensional Voting Model: Candidate Motivations, Uncertainty, and Convergence*

This analysis demonstrates that important implications of the multidimensional voting model are robust to significant changes in the model's assumptions. (1) If candidates in the model are allowed to be partially or totally interested in the election's...

Phases of alcohol addiction

In 1946 E. M. Jellinek, on the basis of a questionnaire study of members of Alcoholics Anonymous, first formulated his concept of phases in the drinking history of alcoholics. With the original publication1 of this concept Jellinek outlined a more detailed...

The Economic Burden of Schizophrenia in the United States in 2013.

Martin Cloutier, Myrlene Sanon Aigbogun, Annie Guérin, Roy Nitulescu, Agnihotram V. Ramanakumar, Siddhesh A. Kamat, Michael DeLucia, Ruth A. Duffy, Susan N. Legacy, Crystal Henderson, Clément François, Eric Wu

LONG-TERM CHRONOSEQUENCE OF FOREST SUCCESSION IN THE UPPER RIO NEGRO OF COLOMBIA AND VENEZUELA

SUMMARY (1) In the upper Rio Negro region of Colombia and Venezuela, a chronosequence of twenty-three stands ranging from recently abandoned fallows to mature forests in a 'tierra firme (unflooded) area was examined for species composition, structure...

Third-Degree Stochastic Dominance

Here F(x) and G(x) are less-than cumulative probability distributionis where x is a continuous or discrete random variable representing the outcome of a prospect. The closed interval [a, b] is the sample space of both prospects. The integral shown in...

Pelvic organ prolapse

#HASH##HASH##HASH##HASH# What you need to knowA woman’s lifetime risk of surgery for pelvic organ prolapse (POP) is 12-19% with over 300 000 prolapse surgeries performed annually in the US alone.1 2 3 POP accounts for about 15-18% of hysterectomies,...

NEWS AS PURPOSIVE BEHAVIOR: ON THE STRATEGIC USE OF ROUTINE EVENTS, ACCIDENTS, AND SCANDALS*

The manner in which access is accomplished can vary and these variations lead to a typology of event types: routines, accidents, scandals and serendipitous events. Each type of event tends to reveal different kinds of information about the ways society...

Family benefits and fertility: an econometric analysis.

quality of life of families, either financially or by allowing parents to combine more easily employment and family responsibilities. But while such policies have been welcomed by the electorate, we know very little about their actual effect. Few studies...

FACTORS CONTROLLING SUCCESSION FOLLOWING SLASH-AND-BURN AGRICULTURE IN AMAZONIA

SUMMARY (1) Vegetation dynamics during five years of succession following slash-and-burn agriculture in the upper Rio Negro region of the Amazon Basin were elucidated by combining (i) permanent plot studies of plant-replacement dynamics and productivity,...

The Steenrod algebra and its dual

1. Summary Let 57 * denote the Steenrod algebra corrresponding to an odd prime p. (See ? 2 for definitions.) Our basic results (? 3) is that 5i* is a Hopf

The Effect of the EEC and BETA on European Trade: A Temporal Cross-Section Analysis

Utilizing a cross-sectional trade flow model of the type developed by Hans Linnemann and Jan Tinbergen, this study attempts to isolate empirically the major forces which have shaped European trade relations over the period 1951-67. We first estimate via...

SELECTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF BOVINE AORTIC ENDOTHELIAL CELLS

SUMMARY This paper reports techniques for isolation, selection and long-term passage of bovine aortic endothelium (BAE). A [3H]thymidine-selection technique was developed to limit overgrowth of cultures by contaminating smooth-muscle cells. The resulting...

Resources for Physical Activity Participation: Does Availability and Accessibility Differ by Neighborhood Socioeconomic Status?

The purpose of this study was to determine whether the availability and accessibility of physical activity resources differed by neighborhood socioeconomic status (SES) in a small U.S. city (population = 133,046). U.S. census tracts (N = 32) were used...

Religious Practice: A Human Capital Approach*

This study uses the economic concepts of household production and human capital to develop and test a new model of religious participation. The model explains observed patterns in denoniinational mobility, religious intermarriage, conversion ages, the...

Forecasting International Equity Correlations

An important component of asset allocation decisions is the future correlation structure of equity returns. Other studies have found that correlations change through time. Examination of the changing cross-country correlations in the G-7 countries provides...

A proof of Langlands' conjecture on Plancherel measures; Complementary series for p-adic groups

analysis of p-adic reductive groups. Our first result, Theorem 7.9, proves a conjecture of Langlands on normalization of intertwining operators by means of local Langlands root numbers and L-functions, at least when the group is quasi-split and the inducing...

Evidence-based guidelines for treating bipolar disorder: Revised third edition recommendations from the British Association for Psychopharmacology

The British Association for Psychopharmacology guidelines specify the scope and targets of treatment for bipolar disorder. The third version is based explicitly on the available evidence and presented, like previous Clinical Practice Guidelines, as recommendations...

The Marketing book

The Marketing Book, 7th Edition revisits key concepts in marketing, from basic premises of the domain to new forms and context of marketing's influence and contribution to organisations and society.

Innate and Environmental Dispersal of Individual Vertebrates

Little is known about the rates of dispersal of the young of wild populations of vertebrates, because it is difficult to recover marked individuals after they have dispersed to breed elsewhere. Nevertheless, growing evidence suggests that the observed...

Effective Discussion Through a Computer-Mediated Anchored Forum

Computer-mediated discussion forums (such as newsgroups or those in instructional management software environments) are becoming common in higher education. Such forums are interesting because they are not only one ofthe easiest technologies to add to...

Postponement, Speculation and the Structure of Distribution Channels

>While the study of marketing has long been concerned with the creation of time, space, and possession utilities, much of the literature of the field has dealt with the problems of ownership. Issues involving space and time, in particular, have been scarcely...

THE CONTINGENT MEANING OF NEIGHBORHOOD STABILITY FOR RESIDENTS' PSYCHOLOGICAL WELLoBEING

nities and the individuals who live in them, and may be especially beneficial in poor neighborhoods. In contrast, a social isolation perspective proposes that neighborhood stability has negative effects on residents'psychological well-being in economically...

A MEASURE ASSOCIATED WITH AXIOM-A ATTRACTORS.

The future orbits of a diffeomorphism near an Axiom-A attrac- tor are investigated. It is found that their asymptotic behavior is in general described by a fixed probability measure yt carried by the attractor. The measure It has an exponential cluster...

Moral Imagination and Management Decision Making

Archie B. Carroll, Patricia H. Werhane

Stratified symplectic spaces and reduction

Let (M,!) be a Hamiltonian G-space with proper momentum map J : M ! g ⁄ . It is well-known that if zero is a regular value of J and G acts freely on the level set J i1 (0), then the reduced space M0 := J i1 (0)/G is...

Riemannian coverings and isospectral manifolds

Toshikazu Sunada, Yozo Matsushima

Colour as a Secondard Quality

Paul A. Boghossian, J. David Velleman

Metrics with exceptional holonomy

It is proved that there exist metrics with holonomy G2 and Spin(7), thus settling the remaining cases in Berger's list of possible holonomy groups. We first reformulate the "holonomy H" condition as a set of differential equations for an associated H-structure...

The HL7 Clinical Document Architecture

Many people know of Health Level 7 (HL7) as an organization that creates health care messaging standards. Health Level 7 is also developing standards for the representation of clinical documents (such as discharge summaries and progress notes). These...

Localization of nilpotent groups and spaces

Peter Hilton, Guido Mislin, Leopoldo Nachbin

ON THE STABILITY OF THE COMPETITIVE EQUILIBRIUM, I1

This paper is a sequel to "On the Stability of the Competitive Equilibrium, I," by K. J. Arrow and L. Hurwicz. It extends the results of "I" in several directions. In particular, it provides a proof of stability in the large (and not merely locally) when...

The Bias Due to Incomplete Matching

SUMMARY Observational studies comparing groups of treated and control units are often used to estimate the effects caused by treatments. Matching is a method for sampling a large reservoir of potential controls to produce a control group of modest size...

Statistical Methods for the Social and Behavioral Sciences

Statistical Methods for the Social and Behavioral Sciences consists of 50 chapters organized into 9 parts. In Parts III-VII, statistical procedures are presented by distribution: methods based on exact distributions (Part III), normal distribution (Part...

A Model of Mental Health, Life Events, and Social Supports Applicable to General Populations

This research addresses measurement issues, derives a model of the effects of life events on mental health, and tests hypotheses regarding the role of social supports in modifying these effects over time. Analyses were based on a longitudinal study of...

Holistic nursing : a handbook for practice

Barbara Montgomery Dossey, Lynn Keegan, Cynthia Barrere, Mary Helming, Deborah A Shields, Karen M Avino

Almost Everything You Wanted to Know about Recoveries on Defaulted Bonds

This study documents, for the first time, the severity of bond defaults stratified by Standard Industrial Classification sector and by debt seniority. The highest average recoveries came from public utilities (70 percent) and chemical, petroleum, and...

Getting Out the Vote: Participation in Gubernatorial Elections

Scholarship on electoral turnout has long emphasized two main themes: explanations of nonvoting in terms of individual characteristics and in terms of contextual variables. These investigations have deeply enriched our understanding of electoral participation,...

Iterated Cohen extensions and Souslin's problem*

We can characterize the real line, up to order isomorphism, by the following list of properties: R is order complete, order dense, has no first or last elements, and contains a countable dense subset. (One shows first that the countable dense subset is...

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