CiteWeb

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Publications in 2015

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Some Effects of Proportions on Group Life: Skewed Sex Ratios and Responses to Token Women

Proportions, that is, relative numbers of socially and culturally different people in a group, are seen as critical in shaping interaction dinamics, and four group types are identified in the basis of varying proportional compositions. "Skewed" groups...

Institutional Logics and the Historical Contingency of Power in Organizations: Executive Succession in the Higher Education Publishing Industry, 1958– 19901

This article examines the historical contingency of executive power and succession in the higher education publishing industry. We combine interview data with historical analysis to identify how institutional logics changed from an editorial to a market...

Hippocampal Volume and Depression: A Meta-Analysis of MRI Studies

Objective: Several studies have found reduced hippocampal volume in patients with unipolar depression, but discrepancies exist. The authors performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of volumetric studies of the hippocampus in patients with mood...

Resurrecting the (C)CAPM: A Cross-Sectional Test When Risk Premia Are Time-Varying

This paper explores the ability of conditional versions of the CAPM and the consumption CAPM—jointly the (C)CAPM—to explain the cross section of average stock returns. Central to our approach is the use of the log consumption–wealth ratio as a conditioning...

Towards the assessment of adolescent problem drinking.

Longitudinal data were obtained from a nonclinical sample of 1,308 male and female adolescents covering the age range from 12 to 21. Factor analyses of 52 symptoms and/or consequences of alcohol use yielded three problem dimensions. In addition, a unidimensional,...

Sources, Sinks, and Habitat Selection: A Landscape Perspective on Population Dynamics

In the model described, we attempt to link breeding-site selection to population dynamics for situations in which there is more than one distinct type of habitat. The distribution of individuals between habitat types depends on the selective abilities...

A Confutation of Convergent Realism

This essay contains a partial exploration of some key concepts associated with the epistemology of realist philosophies of science. It shows that neither reference nor approximate truth will do the explanatory jobs that realists expect of them. Equally,...

Implicit Contracts and Underemployment Equilibria

This paper studies an industry with demand uncertainty which prompts risk-neutral firms to act both as employers and as insurers of homogeneous, risk-averse laborers. The resulting contractual arrangements turn out, in their simplest form, to be more...

Path Analysis: Sociological Examples

Linear causal models are conveniently developed by the method of path coefficients proposed by Sewall Wright. Path analysis is useful in making explicit the rationale of conventional regression calculations. It may also have special usefulness in sociology...

Vertical Integration and Antitrust Policy

Vertical Integration and Antitrust Policy

Allocative Efficiency of Markets with Zero-Intelligence Traders: Market as a Partial Substitute for Individual Rationality

We report market experiments in which human traders are replaced by "zero-intelligence" programs that submit random bids and offers. Imposing a budget constraint (i.e., not permitting traders to sell below their costs or buy above their values) is sufficient...

Global Contrast Based Salient Region Detection

Automatic estimation of salient object regions across images, without any prior assumption or knowledge of the contents of the corresponding scenes, enhances many computer vision and computer graphics applications. We introduce a regional contrast based...

The Focused Organization of Social Ties

Sociologists since Simmel have been interseted in social circles as essential features of friendship networks. Although network analysis has been increasingly used to uncover patterns among social relationships, theoretical explanations of these patterns...

Immigrant Enclaves: An Analysis of the Labor Market Experiences of Cubans in Miami'

Data from a longitudinal sample of Cuban emigres are used to test competing hypotheses about the mode of incorporation of new immigrants into the U.S. labor market. Classic theories of assimilation assumed a unified economy in which immigrants started...

The Focused Interview

The focused interview is designed to determine the responses of persons exposed to a situation previously analyzed by the investigator. Its chief functions are to discover: (1) the significant aspects of the total situation to which response has occurred;...

The City as a Growth Machine: Toward a Political Economy of Place

A city and, more generally, any locality, is conceived as the areal expression of the interests of some land-based elite. Such an elite is seen to profit through the increasing intensification of the land use of the area in which its members hold a common...

Sectoral Shifts and Cyclical Unemployment

A substantial fraction of cyclical unemployment is better characterized as fluctuations of the "frictional" or "natural" rate than as deviations from some relatively stable natural rate. Shifts of employment demand between sectors of the economy necessitate...

Social Democracy, Christian Democracy, Constitutional Structure, and the Welfare State

The literature on the determinants of welfare state effort displays many inconsistencies and contradictins. This article takes imoprtant stepts toward resolving these issues with the use of pooled cross-sectional and time-series analyses. The findings...

Family Factors as Correlates and Predictors of Juvenile Conduct Problems and Delinquency

A meta-analysis was performed of concurrent and longitudinal studies on the relation of family factors to juvenile conduct problems and delinquency. Analyses of longitudinal data show that socialization variables, such as lack of parental supervision,...

HTSeq—a Python framework to work with high-throughput sequencing data

Motivation: A large choice of tools exists for many standard tasks in the analysis of high-throughput sequencing (HTS) data. However, once a project deviates from standard workflows, custom scripts are needed. Results: We present HTSeq, a Python library...

Age and Crime

The age-crime curve, increasing to a peak in the teenage years and then decreasing, is well-known. Less well-known is that it seems to reflect variations in prevalence (the proportion of persons who are offenders) rather than incidence (the rate of offending...

Job Turnover and Policy Evaluation: A General Equilibrium Analysis

Recent empirical work indicates that job creation and destruction rates are large, implying significant amounts of job reallocation across firms. This paper builds a general equilibrium model of this reallocation process, calibrates it using data on firm-level...

Remarriage as an Incomplete Institution

The higher divorce rate for remarriages after divorce than for first marriages, it is argued, is due to the incomplete institutionalization of remarriage after divorce in the United States. Persons who are remarried after a divorce and have children from...

Asset Pricing with Heterogeneous Consumers

Empirical difficulties encountered by representative-consumer models are resolved in an economy with heterogeneity in the form of uninsurable, persistent, and heteroscedastic labor income shocks. Given the joint process of arbitrage-free labor prices,...

PENELITIAN TINDAKAN KELAS

Pelatihan Penelitian Tindakan Kelas bagi Guru SMA Negeri 1 Pekanbaru.Pekanbaru 4 Maret 2014

Heparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia

Key Clinical PointsHeparin-Induced Thrombocytopenia Heparin-induced thrombocytopenia (HIT) is characterized by a decrease in the platelet count of more than 50% from the highest platelet count value after the start of heparin, an onset 5 to 10 days after...

Pay Equality and Industrial Politics

Personnel managers often argue that equitable pay treatment manifested as wage compression is useful because it reduces disharmony among workers. But it is far from obvious that a compressed salary structure is morale improving since better workers may...

Stages of progression in drug involvement from adolescence to adulthood: further evidence for the gateway theory.

Sequential stages of involvement in alcohol and/or cigarettes, marijuana, other illicit drugs and medically prescribed psychoactive drugs from adolescence to adulthood are investigated in a longitudinal cohort that has been followed from ages 15 to 35....

Money-Wage Dynamics and Labor-Market Equilibrium

This chapter discusses money-wage dynamics and labor-market equilibrium. A generalized excess-demand theory of the rate of change of the average money-wage rate has been developed for frictional labor markets that allocate heterogeneous jobs and workers...

Market, culture and authority: A comparative analysis of management and organization in the Far East.

Three frameworks purport to explain industrial arrangements and practices: a market approach that emphasizes economic characteristics, a cultural approach that sees organization as the expression of patterned values, and an authority approach that explains...

Ideals, Varieties, and Algorithms: An Introduction to Computational Algebraic Geometry and Commutative Algebra

This text covers topics in algebraic geometry and commutative algebra with a strong perspective toward practical and computational aspects. The first four chapters form the core of the book. A comprehensive chart in the Preface illustrates a variety of...

Models of Parasite Virulence

Several evolutionary processes influence virulence, the amount of damage a parasite causes to its host. For example, parasites are favored to exploit their hosts prudently to prolong infection and avoid killing the host. Parasites also need to use some...

The Social Structure of a National Securities Market

In this article, a national securities market-the stock options market-is characterized as a social structure represented by the networks of actors who traded options on the floor of a major securities exchange. Trading among actors exhibited distinct...

Spirometric Standards for Healthy Nonsmoking Adults1–3

Previous studies designed to establish normal standards for ventilatory testing have usually included substantial numbers of cigarette smokers and hospital patients. Forced expiratory flows and volumes were measured in 988 healthy nonsmoking men and women...

Generations and collective memory

Amy Corning, Howard Schuman

Cultural Capital, Educational Attainment, and Marital Selection.

Although Weber distinguished sharply between "class" (an individual's market position) and "status" (participation in a collectivity bound together by a shared status culture), only measures of the former have been included in most empirical analyses...

Structural Covariates of Homicide Rates: Are There Any Invariances Across Time and Social Space?

This study demonstrate that the empirical literature on the structural convariates of homicide rates contains inconsistent findings across different time periods and different geographical units. This apparent variance of findings may be due to statistical...

Conditions of Successful Degradation Ceremonies

Communicative work directed to transforming an individual's total identity lower in the group's scheme of social types is called a "status degradation ceremony." To reconstitute the other as a social object, the denouncer must get the witnesses to appreciate...

A Simple Test of Consumption Insurance

Are consumers effectively insured against idiosyncratic shocks to income or wealth, either by formal institutions such as charities, private insurance, and government programs or by informal mechanisms such as gifts and "loans" from relatives, friends,...

Financial Development and Economic Growth in Underdeveloped Countries

This chapter discusses the financial development and economic growth in underdeveloped countries. An observed characteristic of the process of economic development over time, in a market-oriented economy using the price mechanism to allocate resources,...

Plume-Generated Triple Junctions: Key Indicators in Applying Plate Tectonics to Old Rocks

Continental lithosphere-especially where stationary with respect to mantle plumes-is marked by plume-generated uplifts typically crested by volcanoes that rupture in three rifts at angles of about 120° to each other, perhaps because this configuration...

Understanding and Preventing Bullying

Bullying is repeated oppression, psychological or physical, of a less powerful person by a more powerful one. The prevalence of bullying by and of school children is quite high; in some studies, about half of children were bullies, and over half were...

MORPHOLOGICAL VARIATION AND WIDTH OF ECOLOGICAL NICHE

In six bird species convenient for study, niches are known to be broader on some islands than on the mainland. In every case there is also greater variation in a bill measurement on the islands, except for one species in which the niche on the Canary...

Grazing Lawns: Animals in Herds, Plant Form, and Coevolution

Many grazing animals in both terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems form dense herds that maintain the vegetation in their concentration areas at very low statures. Studies of the effects of large ungulates on the structure of grasslands in the Serengeti...

Users' guides to the medical literature : a manual for evidence-based clinical practice

Gordon H. Guyatt, Drummond Rennie, Maureen O. Meade, Deborah J. Cook

Men and Women at Work: Sex Segregation and Statistical Discrimination

This article develops and tests hypotheses about the determinants of sex segregation in occupations employing both men and women, analyzing data on a diverse sample of California establishments. In the few instances in which men and women perform similar...

Plate Tectonics and Geochemical Composition of Sandstones

Sandstones of the Paleozoic turbidite sequences of eastern Australia show a large variation in their major element geochemistry, reflecting the distinct sedimentary provenance and tectonic setting of each suite. On the basis of bulk composition, five...

Rape Trauma Syndrome

The authors interviewed and followed 146 patients admitted during a one-year period to the emergency ward of a city hospital with a presenting complaint of having been raped. Based upon an analysis of the 92 adult women rape victims in the sample, they...

Relevance of breast cancer hormone receptors and other factors to the efficacy of adjuvant tamoxifen: patient-level meta-analysis of randomised trials.

Background As trials of 5 years of tamoxifen in early breast cancer mature, the relevance of hormone receptor measurements (and other patient characteristics) to long-term outcome can be assessed increasingly reliably. We report updated meta-analyses...

Corporate Elite Networks and Governance Changes in the 1980s

Changes in corporate governance practices can be analyzed by linking the adaptations of individual firms to the structures of the networks in which firms' decision makers are embedded. Network structures determine the speed of adaptation and ultimate...

Statistical Methods for Comparing Regression Coefficients Between Models

Statistical methods are developed for comparing regression coefficients between models in the setting where one of the models is nested in the other. Comparisons of this kind are of interest whenever two explanations of a given phenomenon are specified...

Ecological Causes for the Evolution of Sexual Dimorphism: A Review of the Evidence

Can sexual dimorphism evolve because of ecological differences between the sexes? Although several examples of this phenomenon are well known from studies on birds, the idea has often been dismissed as lacking general applicability. This dismissal does...

The Analysis of The Stability of General Slip Surfaces

Synopsis Within the framework of limit equilibrium methods of stability analysis, no restriction need be placed at the outset upon the shape of the possible slip surface. In many cases, the critical surface may deviate significantly from a circle or a...

Tibetan, Variscan, and Precambrian Basement Reactivation: Products of Continental Collision

Extensive terranes of basement reactivation are interpreted as resulting from crustal thickening following continental collision. It is suggested that terranes, such as the Grenville Province and much of the Variscan orogenic belt in Europe, have their...

Bariatric Surgery Worldwide 2013

Luigi Angrisani, Antonella Santonicola, Paola Iovino, Giampaolo Formisano, Henry Buchwald, Scopinaro N

Speciation as a Stage in Evolutionary Divergence

By speciation is meant the fixation of discontinuity among organisms. Discontinuity is maintained by isolating mechanisms that prevent the interbreeding of carriers of different adaptive complexes of genes. A theory is suggested according to which the...

The Distribution of Power in Exchange Networks: Theory and Experimental Results

This paper presents a theoretical analysis of the structural determinants of power in exchange networks, along with research findings from laboratory experiments and a computer simulation of bargaining in network structures. Two theoretical traditions...

On The Yielding of Soils

Synopsis Hvorslev's equation for the shear strength of clay is shown to define a surface in a space of three variables σ′, e and τ. The progressive yielding of a sample defines a loading path in this space, and the paths taken by samples in differing...

The thickness of shear bands in granular materials

Cosserat's theory for granular materials under plane strain conditions of deformation is presented. The constitutive equations discussed are a generalization of the j2 deformation theory of plasticity for frictional materials with internal constraint....

Part 8: Post–Cardiac Arrest Care

There is increasing recognition that systematic post–cardiac arrest care after return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) can improve the likelihood of patient survival with good quality of life. This is based in part on the publication of results of...

Amphibian Metamorphosis: Growth Rate, Predation Risk, and the Optimal Size at Transformation

Many taxa have evolved complex life cycles featuring a dramatic shift in habitat or resource use at metamorphosis. Despite their prevalence and unique characteristics, we understand little about the adaptive properties and evolution of these life histories....

The Osteological Paradox: Problems of Inferring Prehistoric Health from Skeletal Samples [and Comments and Reply]

J. Wood, George R. Milner, Henry Harpending, Kenneth M. Weiss, Mark Nathan Cohen, Leslie E. Eisenberg, Dale L. Hutchinson, Rimantas Jankauskas, Gintautas Česnys, M. Anne Katzenberg, John R. Lukacs, Janet W. McGrath, Eric Abella Roth, Douglas H. Ubelaker, Richard G. Wilkinson

Health as a Theoretical Concept

This paper argues that the medical conception of health as absence of disease is a value-free theoretical notion. Its main elements are biological function and statistical normality, in contrast to various other ideas prominent in the literature on health....

Recruitment to High-Risk Activism: The Case of Freedom Summer

This article proposes and argues for the importance of a distinction between "low-" and "high-risk/cost activism" and outlines a model or recruitment to the latter. The model emphasizes the importance of both structural and individual motivational factors...

Identity Work Among the Homeless: The Verbal Construction and Avowal of Personal Identities

This paper elaborates processes of identity construction and avowal among homeless street people, with two underlying and interconected objectives in mind: to advance understanding of the manner in wich individuals at the bottom of status systems attempt...

Grounded theory

Grounded theory (GT) research method discussed in this chapter was developed by Barney Glaser and Anselm Strauss (1967). Rather than reviewing previous literature, developing a hypothesis and then testing it, the GT process starts with data collection,...

What's Driving Mexico-U.S. Migration? A Theoretical, Empirical, and Policy Analysis

Using data gathered in 25 Mexican communities, the authors link individual acts of migration to 41 theoretically defined individual-, household-, community-, and macroeconomic-level predictors. The indicators vary through time to yield a discrete-time...

Behavior, Purpose and Teleology

A. Rosenblueth, Julian Bigelow

Real Wages, Employment, and Inflation

Robert E. Lucas, Leonard A. Rapping

Mammals on Mountaintops: Nonequilibrium Insular Biogeography

to account for variation in the diversity of species on islands. This model, which attributes the number of species on an island to an equilibrium between rates of recurrent extinction and colonization, appears to account for the distribution of most...

Capital Market Equilibrium with Transaction Costs

A two-asset, intertemporal portfolio selection model is formulated incorporating proportional transaction costs. The demand for assets is shown to be sensitive to these costs. However, transaction costs have only a second-order effect on the liquidity...

Health Behavior, Health Knowledge, and Schooling

The positive correlation between schooling and good health is well documented. One explanation is that schooling helps people choose healthier life-styles by improving their knowledge of the relationships between health behaviors and health outcomes....

Criminal Deterrence Research at the Outset of the Twenty-First Century

Evidence for a substantial deterrent effect is much firmer than it was two decades ago. However, large gaps in knowledge on the links between policy actions and behavior make it difficult to assess the effectiveness of policy options for deterring crime....

The Effects of Education as an Institution

Education is usually seen as affecting society by socializing individuals. Recently this view has been attacked with the argument that education is a system of allocation, conferring success on some and failure on others. The polemic has obscured some...

The Distinction between Grain Size and Mineral Composition in Sedimentary-Rock Nomenclature

A system of grain-size nomenclature of terrigenous sediments and sedimentary rocks is introduced wherein fifteen major textural groups are defined on the ratios of gravel, sand, silt, and clay. Further subdivision of each class is based on the median...

The familial incidence of alcoholism: a review.

The familial incidence of alcoholism: a review.

Human Capital Investments or Norms of Role Transition? How Women's Schooling and Career Affect the Process of Family Formation

Proponents of the new home economics hypothesize that womens growing economic independence largely accounts for the rise in delayed marriage and motherhood in industrialized societies. This article assesses this hypothesis for the Federal Republic of...

Formation and Diagenesis of Weathering Profiles

Weathering reactions mainly involve the transformation of feldspars, phyllosilicates, amphiboles, pyroxenes, and volcanic glass to the secondary mineral groups, kandites, illites, smectites, vermiculites, and/or chlorites. Although mineralogical changes...

Evolution of Niche Width

A model is developed to predict evolution in a population which contains a variety of ecologically specialized phenotypes. Individuals of each phenotype are assumed to specialize on a specific region of a resource axis present in the environment. The...

Work in Progress Toward a New Paradigm for the Sociological Study of Religion in the United States

This article reviews recent literature on U.S. religious institutions and argues that a new paradigm is emerging in that field, the crux of which is that organized religion thrives in the United States in an open market system, an observation anomalous...

Intergenerational Consequences of Family Disruption

This paper examines the effects of childhood family disruption on adult family experience by applying proportional hazard models to data from the [1982 U.S.] National Survey of Family Growth (NSFG). The results provide strong evidence that women who...

The Endogeneity between Language and Earnings: International Analyses

This study is concerned with the determinants of dominant language fluency, its effects on earnings, and its endogeneity with earnings among immigrants. Dominant language fluency is hypothesized to be a function of three fundamental variables: exposure...

A Convex Model of Equilibrium Growth: Theory and Policy Implications

The authors' aim in this paper is to exposit a convex model of equilibrium growth. The model has two features that distinguish it from most other work on the subject: first, the model is convex on the technological side and, second, fixed factors are...

Teachers' Beliefs about Teaching and Learning: A Constructivist Perspective

Teachers are viewed as important agents of change in the reform effort currently under way in education and thus are expected to play a key role in changing schools and classrooms. Paradoxically, however, teachers are also viewed as major obstacles to...

Delinquent Peers Revisited: Does Network Structure Matter?1

This study examines whether structural properties of friendship networks condition the association between friends' delinquency and an individual's own delinquent behavior. Data from the Add Health allows a more accurate conceptualization of the peer...

Sacrifice and Stigma: Reducing Free-riding in Cults, Communes, and Other Collectives

This paper presents an economic analysis of religious behavior that accounts for the continuing success of groups with strange requirements and seemingly inefficient prohibitions. The analysis does not presuppose any special motives for religious activity....

Anarchy and its Breakdown

Anarchy, defined as a system in which participants can seize and defend resources without regulation from above, is not chaos but rather a spontaneous order. However, anarchy is fragile and may dissolve either into formless 'amorphy' or into a more organized...

Culture, Class, and Connections

Bourdieu's analysis of class and culture errs in neglecting two important aspects of social structure: social networks and class relations at work. He expects high-status culture to be useful in class because it is correlated with class, but culture used...

Processing Fads and Fashions: An Organization-Set Analysis of Cultural Industry Systems

Organizations engaged in the production and mass distribution of "cultural" items are often confronted by highly uncertain environments at their input and output boundaries. This paper outlines the structure and operation of entrepreneurial organizations...

The Informant in Quantitative Research

The anthropological use of the informant is distinguished from the social survey in that the respondents are selected not for their representativeness but rather on the bases of informedness and ability to communicate with the social scientist. As such,...

Making News by Doing Work: Routinizing the Unexpected

Noting that, on the one hand, variability in raw materials impedes routinizations and that, on the other hand, organizations impose routines to control the flow of work, this article explores two related questions: (1) How can an organization routinely...

Making sense of secondary science : research into children's ideas

Rosalind Driver, Ann Squires, Peter Rushworth, Valerie Wood-Robinson

Handbook of regional and urban economics

Gilles Duranton, J. Vernon Henderson, C. William Strange

The Volatility of Long-Term Interest Rates and Expectations Models of the Term Structure

Models which represent long-term interest rates as long averages of expected short-term interest rates imply, because of the smoothing implicit in the averaging, that long rates should not be too volatile. The volatility of actual long-term interest rates,...

Kaplan and Sadock's synopsis of psychiatry : behavioral sciences, clinical psychiatry

Kaplan and Sadock's Synopsis of Psychiatry: Behavioral Science/Clinical Psychiatry - Libros de Medicina - Psiquiatria General - 71,00

Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Arthur M. Nezu, Lauren M. Greenberg

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