CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 2014

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Glycosyltransferases in secondary plant metabolism: tranquilizers and stimulant controllers

.Plants are exposed to a wide range of toxic and bioactive low-molecular-weight molecules from both exogenous and endogenous sources. Glycosylation is one of the primary sedative mechanisms that plants utilise in order to maintain metabolic homeostasis....

Opportunistic Flooding in Low-Duty-Cycle Wireless Sensor Networks with Unreliable Links

Flooding service has been investigated extensively in wireless networks to efficiently disseminate network-wide commands, configurations, and code binaries. However, little work has been done on low-duty-cycle wireless sensor networks in which nodes stay...

Conservation of low-frequency hearing in cochlear implantation

Objective As results with cochlear implants have continued to improve, patients with some remaining cochlear function have become eligible for cochlear implantation. Thus, preservation of acoustic hearing after implantation has gained importance. Hearing...

Mitral-Valve Repair versus Replacement for Severe Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation

Background Ischemic mitral regurgitation is associated with a substantial risk of death. Practice guidelines recommend surgery for patients with a severe form of this condition but acknowledge that the supporting evidence for repair or replacement is...

Accuracy of three-dimensional measurements using cone-beam CT

Objectives: Lesions causing intraosseous defects in the head and neck region are difficult to diagnose using two-dimensional radiography, and three-dimensional (3D) data provided by CT is useful but often difficult to obtain. Recently, cone-beam CT...

Rh(III)- and Ir(III)-Catalyzed C-H Alkynylation of Arenes under Chelation Assistance

An efficient Rh(III)- and Ir(III)-catalyzed, chelation-assisted C–H alkynylation of a broad scope of (hetero)arenes has been developed using hypervalent iodine-alkyne reagents. Heterocycles, N-methoxy imines, azomethine imines, secondary carboxamides,...

Effects of Major Depression on Moment-in-Time Work Performance

OBJECTIVE: Although major depression is thought to have substantial negative effects on work performance, the possibility of recall bias limits self-report studies of these effects. The authors used the experience sampling method to address this problem...

Can available interventions end preventable deaths in mothers, newborn babies, and stillbirths, and at what cost?

SummaryProgress in newborn survival has been slow, and even more so for reductions in stillbirths. To meet Every Newborn targets of ten or fewer neonatal deaths and ten or fewer stillbirths per 1000 births in every country by 2035 will necessitate accelerated...

A Review on Multi-Label Learning Algorithms

Multi-label learning studies the problem where each example is represented by a single instance while associated with a set of labels simultaneously. During the past decade, significant amount of progresses have been made towards this emerging machine...

Sub-150 °C processed meso-superstructured perovskite solar cells with enhanced efficiency

The ability to process amorphous or polycrystalline solar cells at low temperature (<150 °C) opens many possibilities for substrate choice and monolithic multijunction solar cell fabrication. Organometal trihalide perovskite solar cells have evolved...

Big Data: A Survey

In this paper, we review the background and state-of-the-art of big data. We first introduce the general background of big data and review related technologies, such as could computing, Internet of Things, data centers, and Hadoop. We then focus on the...

Genome-wide binding of the CRISPR endonuclease Cas9 in mammalian cells

Xuebing Wu, David Arthur Scott, Andrea J. Kriz, Anthony Chiu, Patrick D. Hsu, Daniel B Dadon, Albert W. Cheng, Alexandro E. Trevino, Silvana Konermann, Sidi Chen, Rudolf Jaenisch, Feng Zhang, Phillip A. Sharp

Planning with Pattern Databases

Heuristic search planning effectively finds solutions for large planning problems, but since the estimates are either not admissible or too weak, optimal solutions are found in rare cases only. In contrast, heuristic pattern databases are known to significantly...

Improvement of open-circuit voltage and photovoltaic properties of 2D-conjugated polymers by alkylthio substitution

Low bandgap and two-dimensional (2D)-conjugated copolymers based on benzo[1,2-b:4,5-b′]dithiophene with conjugated thiophene side chains (BDTT) and thieno[3,4-b]thiophene with electron-withdrawing substituents (TT) are attractive high efficiency polymer...

Sentinel Lymph Node Biopsy for Patients With Early-Stage Breast Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Update

Purpose To provide evidence-based recommendations to practicing oncologists, surgeons, and radiation therapy clinicians to update the 2005 clinical practice guideline on the use of sentinel node biopsy (SNB) for patients with early-stage breast cancer....

Semantic Image Segmentation with Deep Convolutional Nets and Fully Connected CRFs

Liang-Chieh Chen, George Papandreou, Iasonas Kokkinos, Kevin Murphy, Alan Yuille

Effects of long-term exposure to air pollution on natural-cause mortality: an analysis of 22 European cohorts within the multicentre ESCAPE project

Few studies on long-term exposure to air pollution and mortality have been reported from Europe. Within the multicentre European Study of Cohorts for Air Pollution Effects (ESCAPE), we aimed to investigate the association between natural-cause mortality...

The European Randomized Study of Screening for Prostate Cancer – Prostate Cancer Mortality at 13 Years of Follow-up

Fritz H. Schröder, Jonas Hugosson, Monique J. Roobol, Teuvo L.J. Tammela, Marco Zappa, Vera Nelen, Maciej Kwiatkowski, Marcos Lujan, Lissa Määttänen, Hans Lilja, Louis Denis, Franz Recker, Alvaro Paez, Chris H. Bangma, Sigrid Carlsson, Donella Puliti, Arnauld Villers, Xavier Rebillard, Matti Hakama, Ulf-Håkan Stenman, Paula Kujala, Kimmo Taari, Gunnar Aus, Andreas R. Huber, Theo H. van der Kwast, Ron H.N. van Schaik R, Harry J. de Koning, Sue Moss, Anssi Auvinen

Intradermal, epidermal and transcutaneous vaccination: from immunology to clinical practice

The dermis and epidermis are alternative sites for prophylactic vaccination that have received renewed interest in recent years, not only because of the ease of access to the skin, but also its unique immunological properties. This review discusses the...

The long-term hazards of the treatment of thyroid cancer with radioiodine

Two-hundred and fifty-eight patients treated with highactivity 131 I for thyroid cancer and on prolonged follow-up have been reviewed to determine long-term hazards and their relation to the radiation dose received. The expectation of life of those dying...

Using Cognitive Tools to Represent Problems

The premise of this paper is that the key to problem solving is adequately representing the problem to be solved. Most research has focused on how problems are (re)presented to learners. The assumption that those external representations naturally map...

Chronic Hepatitis C Virus Infection in the United States, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003 to 2010

Maxine M. Denniston, Ruth Jiles, Jan Drobeniuc, R. Monina Klevens, John W. Ward, Geraldine M. McQuillan, Scott D. Holmberg

Sarcopenia in Asia: Consensus Report of the Asian Working Group for Sarcopenia

Sarcopenia, a newly recognized geriatric syndrome, is characterized by age-related decline of skeletal muscle plus low muscle strength and/or physical performance. Previous studies have confirmed the association of sarcopenia and adverse health outcomes,...

Lenalidomide Causes Selective Degradation of IKZF1 and IKZF3 in Multiple Myeloma Cells

Thalidomide, once infamous for its deleterious effects on fetal development, has re-emerged as a drug of great interest because of its beneficial immunomodulatory effects. A derivative drug called lenalidomide significantly extends the survival of patients...

A formal model of capacity limits in working memory

A mathematical model of working-memory capacity limits is proposed on the key assumption of mutual interference between items in working memory. Interference is assumed to arise from overwriting of features shared by these items. The model was fit to...

Galaxy And Mass Assembly (GAMA)

The GAMA survey aims to deliver 250,000 optical spectra (3–7 A resolution) over 250 sq. degrees to spectroscopic limits of r(AB) < 19.8 and K(AB) < 17.0 mag. Complementary imaging will be provided by GALEX, VST, UKIRT, VISTA, HERSCHEL...

An ultrasensitive method for quantitating circulating tumor DNA with broad patient coverage.

Aaron M. Newman, Scott V. Bratman, Jacqueline To, Jacob F. Wynne, Neville Eclov, L.A. Modlin, Chih Long Liu, Joel W. Neal, Heather A. Wakelee, Robert E. Merritt, Joseph B. Shrager, Billy W. Loo, Ash A. Alizadeh, Maximilian Diehn

Physiological measurements using ultra-high field fMRI: a review

Functional MRI (fMRI) has grown to be the neuroimaging technique of choice for investigating brain function. This topical review provides an outline of fMRI methods and applications, with a particular emphasis on the recent advances provided by ultra-high...

AZD9291, an Irreversible EGFR TKI, Overcomes T790M-Mediated Resistance to EGFR Inhibitors in Lung Cancer

Darren Cross, Susan Ashton, Serban Ghiorghiu, Cath Eberlein, Caroline Nebhan, Paula Spitzler, Orme Jp, M. Raymond V. Finlay, Richard A. Ward, Martine J. Mellor, Gareth Hughes, Amar Rahi, Vivien Jacobs, Monica Red Brewer, Eiki Ichihara, Jing Sun, Hailing Jin, Peter Ballard, Katherine Al-Kadhimi, Rachel Rowlinson, Teresa Klinowska, Graham Richmond, Mireille Cantarini, Dong-Wan Kim, Malcolm Ranson, William Pao

iNuc-PseKNC: a sequence-based predictor for predicting nucleosome positioning in genomes with pseudo k-tuple nucleotide composition

Motivation: Nucleosome positioning participates in many cellular activities and plays significant roles in regulating cellular processes. With the avalanche of genome sequences generated in the postgenomic age, it is highly desired to develop automated...

Clinical practice guideline on diagnosis and treatment of hyponatraemia

Hyponatraemia, defined as a serum sodium concentration <135 mmol/l, is the most common disorder of body fluid and electrolyte balance encountered in clinical practice. It can lead to a wide spectrum of clinical symptoms, from subtle to severe or even...

Mood Variability and the Psycho-social Adjustment of Adolescents

R. A. Larson, Mihaly Csikszentmihalyi, Ronald Graef

Laparoscopic surgery for diverticulitis

Background: Resection of diverticular disease may be quite challenging; the acute inflammatory process, thick sigmoid mesentery, and any associated fistula or abscess can make this procedure technically demanding. The aim of this study was to compare...

Biliary Anastomotic Complications in 400 Living Related Liver Transplantations

Hiroto Egawa, Yukihiro Inomata, Shinji Uemoto, Katsuhiro Asonuma, Tetsuya Kiuchi, Shiro Fujita, Michihiro Hayashi, María de los Ángeles Matamoros, Kyo Itou

Vitamin D supplementation for prevention of mortality in adults

Goran Bjelakovic, Lise Lotte Gluud, Dimitrinka Nikolova, Kate Whitfield, Jørn Wetterslev, Rosa G Simonetti, M. Bjelakovic, Christian Gluud

Big data analytics in healthcare: promise and potential

To describe the promise and potential of big data analytics in healthcare. The paper describes the nascent field of big data analytics in healthcare, discusses the benefits, outlines an architectural framework and methodology, describes examples reported...

Combinatorial Optimization and Applications

Peter Widmayer, Yinfeng Xu, Binhai Zhu

High versus Low Blood Pressure Target in Patients with Septic Shock

Background The Surviving Sepsis Campaign recommends targeting a mean arterial pressure of at least 65 mm Hg during initial resuscitation of patients with septic shock. However, whether this blood-pressure target is more or less effective than a higher...

Oxygen‐Deficient Hematite Nanorods as High‐Performance and Novel Negative Electrodes for Flexible Asymmetric Supercapacitors

Xihong Lu, Yinxiang Zeng, Minghao Yu, Teng Zhai, Chaolun Liang, Shilei Xie, Muhammad-Sadeeq Balogun, Yexiang Tong

Myocardial velocity gradients detected by Doppler imaging

Using a scanner whose colour Doppler mode has been adapted to display tissue motion (instead of blood flow), velocity gradients have been detected across the myocardium. A velocity gradient is a gradual spatial change in the value of velocity estimates....

Clinical examination is an inaccurate predictor of intraabdominal pressure.

Michael Sugrue, Adrian Bauman, Arthas Flabouris, Michael Parr, Ken Hillman, Stephen A. Deane

Medical management with or without interventional therapy for unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations (ARUBA): a multicentre, non-blinded, randomised trial

The clinical benefit of preventive eradication of unruptured brain arteriovenous malformations remains uncertain. A Randomised trial of Unruptured Brain Arteriovenous malformations (ARUBA) aims to compare the risk of death and symptomatic stroke in patients...

Association of Atrial Tissue Fibrosis Identified by Delayed Enhancement MRI and Atrial Fibrillation Catheter Ablation The DECAAF Study

RESULTS Atrial tissue fibrosis estimation by delayed enhancement MRI was successfully quantified in 272 of 329 enrolled patients (57 patients [17%] were excluded due to poor MRI quality). There were 260 patients who were followed up after the blanking...

Coral and algal changes after the 1998 coral bleaching: interaction with reef management and herbivores on Kenyan reefs

.Interaction between the El Nino and Indian Ocean dipole ocean–atmosphere quasi-periodic oscillations produced one of the warmest seawater temperatures on record in 1998. During the warm northeast monsoon in March and April, Kenya's shallow coral reefs...

Randomized trial of tacrolimus versus cyclosporin microemulsion in renal transplantation

Richard S. Trompeter, Guido Filler, Nicholas J. A. Webb, Alan R. Watson, David V. Milford, Tydén G, Ryszard Grenda, Jan Janda, David Hughes, Jochen H. H. Ehrich, Bernd Klare, Graziella Zacchello, Brekke Ib, Mary McGraw, Perner F, Lucian Ghio, Egon Balzar, Styrbjörn Friman, Rosanna Gusmano, Jochen Stolpe

Constraints on cosmology from the cosmic microwave background power spectrum of the 2500 deg2 SPT-SZ survey

We explore extensions to the ΛCDM cosmology using measurements of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) from the recent SPT-SZ survey, along with data from WMAP7 and measurements of H_0 and baryon acoustic oscillation (BAO). We check for consistency...

Highly sensitive and selective gas sensors using p-type oxide semiconductors: Overview

High-performance gas sensors prepared using p-type oxide semiconductors such as NiO, CuO, Cr 2 O 3 , Co 3 O 4 , and Mn 3 O 4 were reviewed. The ionized adsorption of oxygen on p-type oxide semiconductors leads to the formation of hole-accumulation layers...

The rock abrasion record at Gale Crater: Mars Science Laboratory results from Bradbury Landing to Rocknest

N. Bridges, Fred Calef, K. E. Herkenhoff, S. Le Mouélic, Claire E. Newman, D. L. Blaney, Miguel Angel de Pablo, G. Kocurek, K. W. Lewis, N. Mangold, Sylvestre Maurice, P. C. Pinet, Nilton De Oliveira Renno, M. E. Richardson, V. Sautter, Ronald S. Sletten, R. A. Yingst

Progress in flexible lithium batteries and future prospects

With the advent of flexible electronics, flexible lithium-ion batteries have attracted great attention as a promising power source in the emerging field of flexible and wearable electronic devices such as roll-up displays, touch screens, conformable active...

Positron Emission Tomography Imaging in Dementia

Positron emission tomography (PET) is a well-established imaging modality. Measurement of regional cerebral glucose metabolism (rCMRglc) using PET and [18F]-2-fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG) has become a standard technique in both oncology and dementia...

Pharmacological Treatment of Parkinson Disease: A Review

OBJECTIVE To provide an evidence-based review of the initial pharmacological management of the classic motor symptoms of Parkinson disease; describe management of medication-related motor complications (such as motor fluctuations and dyskinesia), and...

Some Shrinkage Techniques for Estimating the Mean

A procedure for lowering the mean square error (MSE) of the minimum variance unbiased linear estimator (MVULE) of the mean of a population is considered. The technique employed is shrinkage of the MVULE towards a natural origin, μ0, in the parameter...

Health at a Glance: Europe 2014

This third edition of Health at a Glance: Europe presents the latest information on health and health systems in 35 European countries, including all European Union Member States, candidate countries (with the exception of Albania due to limited data...

Comparison of Balloon-Expandable vs Self-expandable Valves in Patients Undergoing Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement: The CHOICE Randomized Clinical Trial

RESULTS Device success occurred in 116 of 121 patients (95.9%) in the balloon-expandable valve group and 93 of 120 patients (77.5%) in the self-expandable valve group (relative risk [RR], 1.24, 95% CI, 1.12-1.37,P < .001). This was attributed to a significantly...

Why Lead Methylammonium tri-IODIDE perovskite-based solar cells requires a mesoporous electron transporting scaffold (but not necessarily a hole conductor)

Eran Edri, Saar Kirmayer, Alex Henning, Sabyasachi Mukhopadhyay, Konstantin Gartsman, Yossi Rosenwaks, Gary Hodes, David Cahen

Clinical and epidemiological characteristics of a fatal case of avian influenza A H10N8 virus infection: a descriptive study

Human infections with different avian influenza viruses—eg, H5N1, H9N2, and H7N9—have raised concerns about pandemic potential worldwide. We report the first human infection with a novel reassortant avian influenza A H10N8 virus.

Permutation inference for the general linear model.

Permutation methods can provide exact control of false positives and allow the use of non-standard statistics, making only weak assumptions about the data. With the availability of fast and inexpensive computing, their main limitation would be some lack...

25th Anniversary Article: MXenes: A New Family of Two‐Dimensional Materials

Michael Naguib, Vadym N. Mochalin, Michel W. Barsoum, Yury Gogotsi

Enhancement of antigen-specific immunity via the TLR4 ligands MPL adjuvant and Ribi.529.

MPL™(Corixa) adjuvant is a chemically modified derivative of lipopolysaccharide that displays greatly reduced toxicity while maintaining most of the immunostimulatory activity of lipopolysaccharide. MPL adjuvant has been used extensively in clinical...

Adhesion, invasion and evasion: the many functions of the surface proteins of Staphylococcus aureus.

Timothy J. Foster, Joan A. Geoghegan, Vannakambadi K. Ganesh, Magnus Höök

Excitons versus free charges in organo-lead tri-halide perovskites

Excitonic solar cells, within which bound electron-hole pairs have a central role in energy harvesting, have represented a hot field of research over the last two decades due to the compelling prospect of low-cost solar energy. However, in such cells,...

The Design of Scaffolds for Use in Tissue Engineering

Problems: Tissue engineering (TE) is one of the modern strategies to provide a functional biological tissue equivalent to restore or improve the function of human tissues that lost by disease, traumatic events, or congenital abnormalities. Some essential...

Every Newborn: progress, priorities, and potential beyond survival

SummaryIn this Series paper, we review trends since the 2005 Lancet Series on Neonatal Survival to inform acceleration of progress for newborn health post-2015. On the basis of multicountry analyses and multi-stakeholder consultations, we propose national...

Making new contacts: the mTOR network in metabolism and signalling crosstalk

More than 20 years after its discovery, our understanding of target of rapamycin (TOR) signalling continues to grow. Recent global 'omics' studies have revealed physiological roles of mammalian TOR (mTOR) in protein, nucleotide and lipid synthesis. Furthermore,...

Structure of a Class C GPCR Metabotropic Glutamate Receptor 1 Bound to an Allosteric Modulator

G protein–coupled receptors (GPCRs) are membrane proteins that transduce extracellular signals to activate diverse signaling pathways. Significant insight into GPCR function has come from structures of three of four classes of GPCRs—A, B, and Frizzled....

Prevalence of Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes Among Children and Adolescents From 2001 to 2009

RESULTS In 2001, 4958 of 3.3 million youth were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes for a prevalence of 1.48 per 1000 (95% CI, 1.44-1.52). In 2009, 6666 of 3.4 million youth were diagnosed with type 1 diabetes for a prevalence of 1.93 per 1000 (95% CI, 1.88-1.97)....

Birds of New Guinea

Thane K. Pratt, Bruce McP Beehler, John C. Anderton, Szabolcs Kókay

Characterization of a novel human calicivirus that may be a naturally occurring recombinant

X. Jiang, Carlos Espul, Wei Zhong, Hector Cuello, David O. Matson

Cloud manufacturing: a new manufacturing paradigm

Combining with the emerged technologies such as cloud computing, the Internet of things, service-oriented technologies and high performance computing, a new manufacturing paradigm – cloud manufacturing CMfg – for solving the bottlenecks in the informatisation...

Graphene Plasmonics for Terahertz to Mid-Infrared Applications

In recent years, we have seen a rapid progress in the field of graphene plasmonics, motivated by graphene’s unique electrical and optical properties, tunability, long-lived collective excitation and its extreme light confinement. Here, we review the...

A systematic analysis of global anemia burden from 1990 to 2010

Nicholas Kassebaum, Rashmi Jasrasaria, Mohsen Naghavi, Sarah Wulf, Nicole Johns, Rafael Lozano, Mathilda Regan, D. J. Weatherall, David P. Chou, Thomas P. Eisele, Seth Flaxman, Rachel L. Pullan, Simon Brooker, Christopher Jl Murray

Photonic crystal lasers using wavelength-scale embedded active region

Lasers with ultra-low operating energy are desired for use in chip-to-chip and on-chip optical interconnects. If we are to reduce the operating energy, we must reduce the active volume. Therefore, a photonic crystal (PhC) laser with a wavelength-scale...

Global antibiotic consumption 2000 to 2010: an analysis of national pharmaceutical sales data

Findings Between 2000 and 2010, consumption of antibiotic drugs increased by 36% (from 54 083 964 813 standard units to 73 620 748 816 standard units). Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa accounted for 76% of this increase. In most countries,...

Global, regional, and national levels of neonatal, infant, and under-5 mortality during 1990-2013: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2013.

This study used data from the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study 2013 (GBD 2013) to assess levels and trends of child mortality, and to explore key factors associated with progress.

Towards integrability for

We review the recent progress towards applying worldsheet integrability techniques to the correspondence to find its all-loop S matrix and Bethe–Yang equations. We study in full detail the massive sector of superstrings supported by pure Ramond–Ramond...

Interferon-Stimulated Genes: A Complex Web of Host Defenses

Interferon-stimulated gene (ISG) products take on a number of diverse roles. Collectively, they are highly effective at resisting and controlling pathogens. In this review, we begin by introducing interferon (IFN) and the JAK-STAT signaling pathway to...

Field high-throughput phenotyping: the new crop breeding frontier

Constraints in field phenotyping capability limit our ability to dissect the genetics of quantitative traits, particularly those related to yield and stress tolerance (e.g., yield potential as well as increased drought, heat tolerance, and nutrient efficiency,...

The Dalton quantum chemistry program system.

Dalton is a powerful general-purpose program system for the study of molecular electronic structure at the Hartree-Fock, Kohn-Sham, multiconfigurational self-consistent-field, MOller-Plesset, configuration-interaction, and coupled-cluster levels of theory....

Frailty assessment in the cardiovascular care of older adults

Jonathan Afilalo, Karen P. Alexander, Michael J. Mack, Mathew S. Maurer, Philip Green, Jeffrey J. Popma, Luigi Ferrucci, Daniel E. Forman

Cohesin and CTCF differentially affect chromatin architecture and gene expression in human cells

Jessica Zuin, Jesse R. Dixon, Michael van der Reijden, Zhen Ye, Petros Kolovos, Rutger W. W. Brouwer, Mariëtte van de Corput, Harmen J. G. van de Werken, Tobias Knoch, Wilfred van IJcken, Frank Grosveld, Bing Ren, Kerstin S. Wendt

Ultra-high mobility transparent organic thin film transistors grown by an off-centre spin-coating method

Yongbo Yuan, Gaurav Giri, Alexander L. Ayzner, Arjan P. Zoombelt, Stefan C. B. Mannsfeld, Jihua Chen, Dennis Nordlund, Michael F. Toney, Jinsong Huang, Zhenan Bao

Plasma phospholipids identify antecedent memory impairment in older adults

Amrita K. Cheema, Massimo S. Fiandaca, Xiaogang Zhong, Timothy R. Mhyre, Linda MacArthur, William J. Hall, Susan G. Fisher, Derick R. Peterson, James M. Haley, Michael Nazar, Steven A. Rich, Dan J Berlau, Carrie B. Peltz, Ming Tan, Claudia H. Kawas, Howard J. Federoff

Radiographic examination of the temporomandibular joint using cone beam computed tomography

Cone beam CT (CBCT) is a new technique for maxillofacial imaging. We describe a reconstruction technique for radiographic examination of the temporomandibular joint (TMJ) using CBCT, and we further present four cases where the technique was employed....

Survival and Potential Years of Life Lost After Hip Fracture in Men and Age-matched Women

Hip fracture is associated with a higher mortality rate in men than in women. However, mean age of men and women with hip fracture differs markedly. Thus, some of the differences in the clinical pattern and outcome between genders could be related to...

Inhibition of Xanthine Oxidase by Flavonoids

Various dietary flavonoids were evaluated in vitro for their inhibitory effect on xanthine oxidase, which has been implicated in oxidative injury to tissue by ischemia-reperfusion. Xanthine oxidase activity was determined by directly measuring uric acid...

OPTN/SRTR 2012 Annual Data Report: kidney.

For most end-stage renal disease patients, successful kidney transplant provides substantially longer survival and better quality of life than dialysis, and preemptive transplant is associated with better outcomes than transplants occurring after dialysis...

Restricted versus liberal water intake for preventing morbidity and mortality in preterm infants

Patient AccessPatients and/or caregivers may access this content for use in relation to their own personal healthcare or that of a family member only. Terms and conditions will apply.

Role of central dopamine in pain and analgesia

Recent insights have demonstrated a central role for dopaminergic neurotransmission in modulating pain perception and natural analgesia within supraspinal regions, including the basal ganglia, insula, anterior cingulate cortex, thalamus and periaqueductal...

Fibromyalgia: A Clinical Review

Importance Fibromyalgia is present in as much as 2% to 8% of the population, is characterized by widespread pain, and is often accompanied by fatigue, memory problems, and sleep disturbances.Objective To review the epidemiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis,...

Modeling Urban Growth Effects on Surface Runoff with the Integration of Remote Sensing and GIS

A methodology is developed to relate urban growth studies to distributed hydrological modeling using an integrated approach of remote sensing and GIS. This linkage is possible because both studies share land-use and land- cover data. Landsat Thematic...

A 52-Week Placebo-Controlled Trial of Evolocumab in Hyperlipidemia

Background Evolocumab, a monoclonal antibody that inhibits proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin type 9 (PCSK9), significantly reduced low-density lipoprotein (LDL) cholesterol levels in phase 2 studies. We conducted a phase 3 trial to evaluate the safety...

Plastic Pollution in the World's Oceans: More than 5 Trillion Plastic Pieces Weighing over 250,000 Tons Afloat at Sea

Reports an estimate of the total number of plastic particles and their weight floating in the world’s oceans from 24 expeditions (2007–2013) across all five sub-tropical gyres, coastal Australia, Bay of Bengal and the Mediterranean Sea conducting...

Deep Learning Face Representation from Predicting 10,000 Classes

This paper proposes to learn a set of high-level feature representations through deep learning, referred to as Deep hidden IDentity features (DeepID), for face verification. We argue that DeepID can be effectively learned through challenging multi-class...

Electronic Cigarettes and Conventional Cigarette Use Among US Adolescents: A Cross-sectional Study

This study found that the use of e-cigarettes does not discourage, and may encourage, conventional cigarette use among US adolescents.

HDL cholesterol efflux capacity and incident cardiovascular events

Background It is unclear whether high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol concentration plays a causal role in atherosclerosis. A more important factor may be HDL cholesterol efflux capacity, the ability of HDL to accept cholesterol from macrophages,...

Impedance Spectroscopic Analysis of Lead Iodide Perovskite-Sensitized Solid-State Solar Cells

Amalie Dualeh, Thomas Moehl, Nicolas Tétreault, Joël Teuscher, Peng Gao, Mohammad K. Nazeeruddin

DeepPose: Human Pose Estimation via Deep Neural Networks

We propose a method for human pose estimation based on Deep Neural Networks (DNNs). The pose estimation is formulated as a DNN-based regression problem towards body joints. We present a cascade of such DNN regres- sors which results in high precision...

Encyclopedia of the solar system

Tilman Spohn, Doris Breuer, Torrence V. Johnson

Early erythropoietin for preventing red blood cell transfusion in preterm and/or low birth weight infants

Patient AccessPatients and/or caregivers may access this content for use in relation to their own personal healthcare or that of a family member only. Terms and conditions will apply.

Sudden infant death syndrome.

Sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) is a cause of sudden unexpected infant death (SUID) that is unexplained and separate from death resulting from other identifiable causes of SUID. The triple-risk model is a compelling hypothesis explaining the conditions...

Whole-genome analyses resolve early branches in the tree of life of modern birds

To better determine the history of modern birds, we performed a genome-scale phylogenetic analysis of 48 species representing all orders of Neoaves using phylogenomic methods created to handle genome-scale data. We recovered a highly resolved tree that...

The Human Phenotype Ontology project: linking molecular biology and disease through phenotype data

The Human Phenotype Ontology (HPO) project, available at http://www.human-phenotype-ontology.org, provides a structured, comprehensive and well-defined set of 10,088 classes (terms) describing human phenotypic abnormalities and 13,326 subclass relations...

o-Methoxy Substituents in Spiro-OMeTAD for Efficient Inorganic–Organic Hybrid Perovskite Solar Cells

Three spiro-OMeTAD derivatives have been synthesized and characterized by 1H/13C NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. The optical and electronic properties of the derivatives were modified by changing the positions of the two methoxy substituents in...

Health Care–Associated Infection After Red Blood Cell Transfusion: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis

RESULTS The pooled risk of all serious infections was 11.8% (95% CI, 7.0%-16.7%) in the restrictive group and 16.9% (95% CI, 8.9%-25.4%) in the liberal group. The risk ratio (RR) for the association between transfusion strategies and...

Whole body irradiation; radiobiology or medicine?

1. Suggested causes of death after single doses of radiation are briefly reviewed. Species differences are prominent. 2. The dose-mortality relation for mammals killed by radiation shows less variability than mammalian responses to other toxic agents....

Effect of treatment delay, age, and stroke severity on the effects of intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase for acute ischaemic stroke: a meta-analysis of individual patient data from randomised trials

Summary Background Alteplase is eff ective for treatment of acute ischaemic stroke but debate continues about its use after longer times since stroke onset, in older patients, and among patients who have had the least or most severe strokes. W e assessed...

The global burden of hip and knee osteoarthritis: estimates from the Global Burden of Disease 2010 study

To estimate the global burden of hip and knee osteoarthritis (OA) as part of the Global Burden of Disease 2010 study and to explore how the burden of hip and knee OA compares with other conditions.

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