CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 2014

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Radiation exposure to medical staff in interventional and cardiac radiology

The aim of this work has been to determine typical occupational dose levels in interventional radiology and cardiology installations and to relate doses to patient and occupational dosimetry through the dose-area product. An experimental correlation between...

Sequencing depth and coverage: key considerations in genomic analyses

Sequencing technologies have placed a wide range of genomic analyses within the capabilities of many laboratories. However, sequencing costs often set limits to the amount of sequences that can be generated and, consequently, the biological outcomes that...

The global burden of low back pain: estimates from the Global Burden of Disease 2010 study

Supported by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation (to Dr Hoy and ProfVos), the Australian Commonwealth Department of Health and Ageing (to Dr Smith(University of Sydney, Institute of Bone and Joint Research) and Prof March), theAustralian National Health...

A mouse phenome project

Kenneth Paigen, Janan T. Eppig

Elements of physical hydrology

George M. Hornberger, Patricia L. Wiberg, Raffensperger, Jeffrey Peter, 1963-, Paolo D'Odorico

Organohalide lead perovskites for photovoltaic applications

There are only few semiconducting materials that have been shaping the progress of third generation photovoltaic cells as much as perovskites. Although they are deceivingly simple in structure, the archetypal AMX3-type perovskites have built-in potential...

Long-term cardiac mortality after radiotherapy of breast cancer—application of the relative seriality model

Effects on the heart constitute a potentially significant and serious clinical problem in primary radiation therapy of early breast cancer. Increased cardiac mortality among irradiated patients may offset the potential benefit in terms of a reduced risk...

A Survey of Information-Centric Networking Research

The current Internet architecture was founded upon a host-centric communication model, which was appropriate for coping with the needs of the early Internet users. Internet usage has evolved however, with most users mainly interested in accessing (vast...

RADIATION DOSE-RATE. A FACTOR OF IMPORTANCE IN RADIOBIOLOGY AND RADIOTHERAPY.

A wide range of dose-rates has been used in radiobiology or radiotherapy, extending from a few rads per day to thousands of rads in a fraction of a second. At ultra-high dose-rates (pulses of micro or nanoseconds) a clear dose-rate effect has been demonstrated...

The origin of deep vein thrombosis: a venographic study

A venographic technique has been described which demonstrates the soleal veins in addition to the rest of the deep veins of the lower limb consistently in the presence or absence of thrombosis. In 127 consecutive patients, the soleal veins were demonstrated...

Functionals of finite Riemann surfaces

Menahem Schiffer, Donald Spencer

Corporate social responsibility and access to finance

We investigate whether superior performance on corporate social responsibility (CSR) strategies leads to better access to finance. We hypothesize that better access to finance can be attributed to (1) reduced agency costs due to enhanced stakeholder engagement...

Potential for primary prevention of Alzheimer's disease: an analysis of population-based data

Recent estimates suggesting that over half of Alzheimer's disease burden worldwide might be attributed to potentially modifiable risk factors do not take into account risk-factor non-independence. We aimed to provide specific estimates of preventive potential...

Regulated necrosis: the expanding network of non-apoptotic cell death pathways

Cell death research was revitalized by the understanding that necrosis can occur in a highly regulated and genetically controlled manner. Although RIPK1 (receptor-interacting protein kinase 1)- and RIPK3-MLKL (mixed lineage kinase domain-like)-mediated...

Visual Tracking: An Experimental Survey

There is a large variety of trackers, which have been proposed in the literature during the last two decades with some mixed success. Object tracking in realistic scenarios is a difficult problem, therefore, it remains a most active area of research in...

Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus in dromedary camels: an outbreak investigation

Summary Background Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus (MERS-CoV) causes severe lower respiratory tract infection in people. Previous studies suggested dromedary camels were a reservoir for this virus. We tested for the presence of MERS-CoV in...

Light propagation through atomic vapours

This tutorial presents the theory necessary to model the propagation of light through an atomic vapour. The history of atom–light interaction theories is reviewed, and examples of resulting applications are provided. A numerical model is developed and...

Effective dose from cone beam CT examinations in dentistry

Cone beam CT (CBCT) is becoming an increasingly utilized imaging modality for dental examinations in the UK. Previous studies have presented little information on patient dose for the range of fields of view (FOVs) that can be utilized. The purpose of...

Stenting and Medical Therapy for Atherosclerotic Renal-Artery Stenosis

Background Atherosclerotic renal-artery stenosis is a common problem in the elderly. Despite two randomized trials that did not show a benefit of renal-artery stenting with respect to kidney function, the usefulness of stenting for the prevention of major...

Cosmesis and body image after laparoscopic-assisted and open ileocolic resection for Crohn's disease

M. S. Dunker, R. A. van Hogezand, J. Ringers, G. Griffioen, Willem A. Bemelman

Microsoft COCO: Common Objects in Context

: We present a new dataset with the goal of advancing the state-of-the-art in object recognition by placing the question of object recognition in the context of the broader question of scene understanding. This is achieved by gathering images of complex...

2014 ESC Guidelines on the diagnosis and treatment of aortic diseases: Document covering acute and chronic aortic diseases of the thoracic and abdominal aorta of the adult. The Task Force for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Aortic Diseases of the Euro

R. Erbel, Victor Aboyans, C. Boileau, E. Bossone, R. D. Bartolomeo, H. Eggebrecht, Arturo Evangelista, H. Frank, M. Grabenwoger, A. Haverich, B. Iung, A. J. Manolis, F. Meijboom, Christoph A. Nienaber, M. Roffi, H. Rousseau, Udo Sechtem, Per Anton Sirnes, R. S. v. Allmen, C. J. Vrints, José Luis Zamorano, S. Achenbach, Jeroen J. Bax, H. Bueno, Veronica Dean, C. Deaton, Erol C, R. Ferrari, David Hasdai, Arno W. Hoes, P. Kirchhof, Juhani Knuuti, P. Kolh, P. Lancellotti, P. Nihoyannopoulos, M. F. Piepoli, Piotr Ponikowski, J. L. Tamargo, Michal Tendera, Adam Torbicki, W. Wijns, Stephan Windecker, M. Czerny, J. Deanfield, C. D. Mario, M. Pepi, Mirta Taboada, Marc van Sambeek, C. Vlachopoulos, M. Grimm

Emerging Device Applications for Semiconducting Two-Dimensional Transition Metal Dichalcogenides

: With advances in exfoliation and synthetic techniques, atomically thin films of semiconducting transition metal dichalcogenides have recently been isolated and characterized. Their two-dimensional structure, coupled with a direct band gap in the visible...

Spread of artemisinin resistance in Plasmodium falciparum malaria.

Background Artemisinin resistance in Plasmodium falciparum has emerged in Southeast Asia and now poses a threat to the control and elimination of malaria. Mapping the geographic extent of resistance is essential for planning containment and elimination...

Time Series Models for Business and Economic Forecasting

With a new author team contributing decades of practical experience, this fully updated and thoroughly classroom-tested second edition textbook prepares students and practitioners to create effective forecasting models and master the techniques of time...

Consumer behavior : implications for marketing strategy

Del I. Hawkins, Roger J. Best, Kenneth A. Coney

Virtual Reality in Stroke Rehabilitation: A Systematic Review of its Effectiveness for Upper Limb Motor Recovery

Purpose: It is estimated that 50% to 75% of individuals who experience a stroke have persistent impairment of the affected upper limb (UL). There is a need to identify the best training strategies for retraining motor function of the UL. One intervention...

The biodiversity of species and their rates of extinction, distribution, and protection

There has been substantial recent progress in determining the distributions and identity of vulnerable species, and in understanding how (and where) human activity is leading to extinctions. Pimm et al. review the current state of knowledge and ask what...

A Variational Formulation of Rate-Independent Phase Transformations Using an Extremum Principle

We propose a rate-independent, mesoscopic model for the hysteretic evolution of phase transformations in shape-memory alloys. The model uses the deformation and phase-indicator function as basic unknowns and the potentials for the elastic energy and for...

Quantum squeezed light in gravitational-wave detectors

This work is supported by theAustralian Research Council. This paper has the LIGO document number LIGO-P1400035.

Type 1 diabetes.

Type 1 diabetes is caused by autoimmune destruction of the pancreatic islet cells. Despite the significant improvement in diagnostic and management strategies of patients with type 1 diabetes, the cause of the disease is yet to be elucidated and the disease...

Aortic pulse wave velocity improves cardiovascular event prediction: an individual participant meta-analysis of prospective observational data from 17,635 subjects

Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Melissa Spears, Christopher Boustred, Margaret T May, Simon G. Anderson, Emelia J. Benjamin, Pierre Boutouyrie, James D. Cameron, Chen-Huan Chen, J. Kennedy Cruickshank, Shih-Jen Hwang, Stéphane Laurent, João Maldonado, Gary F. Mitchell, Samer S. Najjar, Anne B. Newman, Mitsuru Ohishi, Bruno Pannier, Telmo Pereira, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Tomoki Shokawa, Kim Sutton-Tyrell, Francis Verbeke, Kang-Ling Wang, David J. Webb, Tine W. Hansen, Sophia Zoungas, Carmel M. McEniery, John R. Cockcroft, Ian B. Wilkinson

Research on Science Teacher Knowledge

Jan H. Van Driel, Amanda Berry, Jacobiene Meirink

Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority

ACARA has recently developed a new tailored (multi-stage) test design of the National Assessment Plan for Literacy and Numeracy (NAPLAN) that will be administered digitally.

Effective dose: how should it be applied to medical exposures?

The effective dose (E) was created to provide a dose quantity that was related to the probability of health detriment due to stochastic effects from exposure to low doses of ionizing radiation. E is derived from the weighted sum of doses to tissues that...

Domain Decomposition Methods in Science and Engineering XXI

This volume contains a selection of papers presented at the 21st international conference on domain decomposition methods in science and engineering held in Rennes, France, June 25-29, 2012. Domain decomposition is an active and interdisciplinary research...

Millimeter-wave beamforming as an enabling technology for 5G cellular communications: theoretical feasibility and prototype results

The ever growing traffic explosion in mobile communications has recently drawn increased attention to the large amount of underutilized spectrum in the millimeter-wave frequency bands as a potentially viable solution for achieving tens to hundreds of...

Genome editing with Cas9 in adult mice corrects a disease mutation and phenotype

Hao Yin, Wen Xue, Sidi Chen, Roman L. Bogorad, Eric Benedetti, Markus Grompe, Victor Koteliansky, Phillip A. Sharp, Tyler Jacks, Daniel G. Anderson

Simeprevir with pegylated interferon alfa 2a plus ribavirin in treatment-naive patients with chronic hepatitis C virus genotype 1 infection (QUEST-1): a phase 3, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial

Findings Treatment with simeprevir, peginterferon alfa 2a, and ribavirin was superior to placebo, peginterferon alfa 2a, and ribavirin (SVR12 in 210 [80%] patients of 264 vs 65 [50%] of 130, respectively, adjusted diff erence 29·3% [95% CI 20·1–38·6;...

Recent intensification of wind-driven circulation in the Pacific and the ongoing warming hiatus

Shayne McGregor, Paul Spence, Gerald A. Meehl, Axel Timmermann, Wenju Cai, Alexander Sen Gupta, Michael J. McPhaden, Ariaan Purich, Agus Santoso

Introduction to the Theory of Nonlinear Optimization

This book serves as an introductory text to optimization theory in normed spaces and covers all areas of nonlinear optimization. It presents fundamentals with particular emphasis on the application to problems in the calculus of variations, approximation...

Percolation theory for flow in porous media

Allen G. Hunt, Robert P. Ewing, Behzad Ghanbarian

Large-scale meta-analysis of genome-wide association data identifies six new risk loci for Parkinson's disease

We conducted a meta-analysis of Parkinson's disease genome-wide association studies using a common set of 7,893,274 variants across 13,708 cases and 95,282 controls. Twenty-six loci were identified as having genome-wide significant association; these...

The Estimation of Probability Densities and Cumulatives by Fourier Series Methods

A class of estimators (referred to as the Fourier estimators m and m) of the probability density function f and the associated cumulative distribution function F are considered. Here m = Σmk=0 âkψk and m = Σmk=0 Âk...

The Psychology of Entrepreneurship

In this review of the psychology of entrepreneurship, we first present meta-analytic findings showing that personality dimensions, such as (general) self-efficacy and need for achievement, and entrepreneurial orientation are highly associated with entrepreneurship...

Percutaneous renal denervation in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension: final 3-year report of the Symplicity HTN-1 study

Summary Background Renal denervation (RDN) with radiofrequency ablation substantially reduces blood pressure in patients with treatment-resistant hypertension. We assessed the long-term antihypertensive eff ects and safety. Methods Symplicity HTN-1 is...

Molybdenum disulfide (MoS 2 ) as a broadband saturable absorber for ultra-fast photonics

The nonlinear optical property of few-layered MoS2 nanoplatelets synthesized by the hydrothermal exfoliation method was investigated from the visible to the near-infrared band using lasers. Both open-aperture Z-scan and balanced-detector measurement techniques...

Capital is Back: Wealth-Income Ratios in Rich Countries 1700–2010

How do aggregate wealth-to-income ratios evolve in the long run and why? We address this question using 1970–2010 national balance sheets recently compiled in the top eight developed economies. For the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, and France,...

Fast and broadband photoresponse of few-layer black phosphorus field-effect transistors.

Few-layer black phosphorus, a new elemental two-dimensional (2D) material recently isolated by mechanical exfoliation, is a high-mobility layered semiconductor with a direct bandgap that is predicted to strongly depend on the number of layers, from 0.35...

Defaunation in the Anthropocene

We live amidst a global wave of anthropogenically driven biodiversity loss: species and population extirpations and also, critically, declines in local abundance of species. Human impacts on animal biodiversity, particularly, are an under-recognized...

British Society of Gastroenterology guidelines on the diagnosis and management of Barrett's oesophagus

These guidelines provide a practical and evidence-based resource for the management of patients with Barrett’s oesophagus and related early neoplasia. The Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation (AGREE II) instrument was followed to provide...

A Survey on Device-to-Device Communication in Cellular Networks

Device-to-device (D2D) communications was initially proposed in cellular networks as a new paradigm for enhancing network performance. The emergence of new applications such as content distribution and location-aware advertisement introduced new user...

The origins and concentrations of water, carbon, nitrogen and noble gases on Earth

The isotopic compositions of terrestrial hydrogen and nitrogen are clearly different from those of the nebular gas from which the solar system formed, and also differ from most of cometary values. Terrestrial N and H isotopic compositions are in the range...

The role of constructs in psychological and educational measurement

Henry I. Braun, Douglas Northrop Jackson, David E. Wiley

IMG 4 version of the integrated microbial genomes comparative analysis system

Victor Markowitz, I-Min A. Chen, Krishna Palaniappan, Ken Chu, Ernest Szeto, Manoj Pillay, Anna Ratner, Jinghua Huang, Tanja Woyke, Marcel Huntemann, Iain D. Anderson, Konstantinos Billis, Neha Varghese, Konstantinos Mavromatis, Amrita Pati, Natalia Ivanova, Nikos C. Kyrpides

Cellular architecture and key technologies for 5G wireless communication networks

The fourth generation wireless communication systems have been deployed or are soon to be deployed in many countries. However, with an explosion of wireless mobile devices and services, there are still some challenges that cannot be accommodated even...

Wilson, James Q.

Carolyn D. Berry

A tutorial on human activity recognition using body-worn inertial sensors

The last 20 years have seen ever-increasing research activity in the field of human activity recognition. With activity recognition having considerably matured, so has the number of challenges in designing, implementing, and evaluating activity recognition...

The Psychology of Risk

Glynis M. (Glynis Marie) Breakwell

Clinical efficacy and safety of a novel tetravalent dengue vaccine in healthy children in Asia: a phase 3, randomised, observer-masked, placebo-controlled trial

Findings We randomly assigned 10 275 children to receive either vaccine (n=6851) or placebo (n=3424), of whom 6710 (98%) and 3350 (98%), respectively, were included in the primary analysis. 250 cases of virologically confi rmed dengue took place more...

Poultry coccidiosis: recent advancements in control measures and vaccine development

Coccidiosis is recognized as the major parasitic disease of poultry and is caused by the apicomplexan protozoan Eimeria. Coccidiosis seriously impairs the growth and feed utilization of infected animals resulting in loss of productivity. Conventional...

Advanced Virgo: a 2nd generation interferometric gravitational wave detector

Advanced Virgo is the project to upgrade the Virgo interferometric detector of gravitational waves, with the aim of increasing the number of observable galaxies (and thus the detection rate) by three orders of magnitude. The project is now in an advanced...

Fractional Flow Reserve–Guided PCI for Stable Coronary Artery Disease

Background We hypothesized that in patients with stable coronary artery disease and stenosis, percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) performed on the basis of the fractional flow reserve (FFR) would be superior to medical therapy. Methods In 1220 patients...

Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement Using a Self-Expanding Bioprosthesis in Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis at Extreme Risk for Surgery

Jeffrey J. Popma, David H. Adams, Michael J. Reardon, Steven J. Yakubov, Neal S. Kleiman, David A. Heimansohn, James Hermiller, G. Chad Hughes, J. Kevin Harrison, Joseph S. Coselli, Jose Diez, Ali Kafi, Theodore L. Schreiber, Thomas Gleason, John V. Conte, Maurice Buchbinder, G. Michael Deeb, Blase A. Carabello, Patrick W. Serruys, Sharla Chenoweth, Jae K. Oh

SRB measures for partially hyperbolic systems whose central direction is weakly expanding

We construct Sinai-Ruelle-Bowen (SRB) measures supported on partially hyperbolic sets of diffeomorphisms - the tangent bundle splits into two invariant subbundles, one of which is uniformly contracting - under the assumption that the complementary subbundle...

Thermal contact conductance.

Thermal contact conductance.

CTCF: an architectural protein bridging genome topology and function

The eukaryotic genome is organized in the three-dimensional nuclear space in a specific manner that is both a cause and a consequence of its function. This organization is partly established by a special class of architectural proteins, of which CCCTC-binding...

Accounting for cellular heterogeneity is critical in epigenome-wide association studies

Epigenome-wide association studies of human disease and other quantitative traits are becoming increasingly common. A series of papers reporting age-related changes in DNA methylation profiles in peripheral blood have already been published. However,...

Bright light-emitting diodes based on organometal halide perovskite

This is the author accepted manuscript and will be under embargo until 3/2/15. The final version is published in Nature Nanotechnology: http://www.nature.com/nnano/journal/vaop/ncurrent/full/nnano.2014.149l.

Narrow-band red-emitting Sr[LiAl3N4]:Eu2+ as a next-generation LED-phosphor material

Philipp Pust, Volker Weiler, Cora Hecht, Andreas Tücks, Angela S. Wochnik, Ann-Kathrin Henß, Detlef Uwe Wiechert, Christina Scheu, Peter J. Schmidt, Wolfgang Schnick

CEO Turnover and Relative Performance Evaluation

This paper shows that CEOs are fired after bad firm performance caused by factors beyond their control. Standard economic theory predicts that corporate boards filter out exogenous industry and market shocks from firm performance before deciding on CEO...

A Diet Low in FODMAPs Reduces Symptoms of Irritable Bowel Syndrome

Emma P Halmos, Victoria A. Power, Susan J. Shepherd, J. G. Muir

Reassessment of continental growth during the accretionary history of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt

We argue that the production of mantle-derived or juvenile continental crust during the accretionary history of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB) has been grossly overestimated. This is because previous assessments only considered the Palaeozoic...

Introduction to Biometrics

Biometric recognition, or simply biometrics, is the science of establishing the identity of a person based on physical or behavioral attributes. It is a rapidly evolving field with applications ranging from securely accessing ones computer to gaining...

Graphene and Graphene‐Based Materials for Energy Storage Applications

Jixin Zhu, Dan Yang, Zongyou Yin, Qingyu Yan, Hua Zhang

The RDoC framework: facilitating transition from ICD/DSM to dimensional approaches that integrate neuroscience and psychopathology.

In 2008, the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) included in its new Strategic Plan the following aim: “Develop, for research purposes, new ways of classifying mental disorders based on dimensions of observable behavior and neurobiological measures”....

Spreadable media: Creating value and meaning in a networked culture

Online Roundtable on Spreadable Media, by Henry Jenkins, Sam Ford, and Joshua Green, with participants Paul Booth, Kristina Busse, Melissa Click, Sam Ford, Henry Jenkins, Xiaochang Li, and Sharon Ross. Section 1 first published as the article "Spreadable...

Inhibition of Alpha-glucosidase and Amylase by Luteolin, a Flavonoid

Twenty-one naturally occurring flavonoids were tested for inhibitory activities against alpha-glucosidase (EC 3.2.1.20) and alpha-amylase (EC 3.2.1.1). Luteolin, amentoflavone, luteolin 7-O-glucoside, and daidzein were the strongest inhibitors among the...

DNA Sequencing versus Standard Prenatal Aneuploidy Screening

Background In high-risk pregnant women, noninvasive prenatal testing with the use of massively parallel sequencing of maternal plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA testing) accurately detects fetal autosomal aneuploidy. Its performance in low-risk women is unclear....

Semiconductor heterojunction photocatalysts: design, construction, and photocatalytic performances

Semiconductor-mediated photocatalysis has received tremendous attention as it holds great promise to address the worldwide energy and environmental issues. To overcome the serious drawbacks of fast charge recombination and the limited visible-light absorption...

A review on the occurrence of micropollutants in the aquatic environment and their fate and removal during wastewater treatment.

Micropollutants are emerging as a new challenge to the scientific community. This review provides a summary of the recent occurrence of micropollutants in the aquatic environment including sewage, surface water, groundwater and drinking water. The discharge...

Incidence of childhood obesity in the United States.

Background Although the increased prevalence of childhood obesity in the United States has been documented, little is known about its incidence. We report here on the national incidence of obesity among elementary-school children. Methods We evaluated...

Early palliative care for patients with advanced cancer: a cluster-randomised controlled trial

Patients with advanced cancer have reduced quality of life, which tends to worsen towards the end of life. We assessed the effect of early palliative care in patients with advanced cancer on several aspects of quality of life.

Acquired resistance and clonal evolution in melanoma during BRAF inhibitor therapy

BRAF inhibitors elicit rapid antitumor responses in the majority of patients with BRAF(V600)-mutant melanoma, but acquired drug resistance is almost universal. We sought to identify the core resistance pathways and the extent of tumor heterogeneity during...

DNA methylation and body-mass index: a genome-wide analysis

Obesity is a major health problem that is determined by interactions between lifestyle and environmental and genetic factors. Although associations between several genetic variants and body-mass index (BMI) have been identified, little is known about...

Electroactive phases of poly(vinylidene fluoride): Determination, processing and applications

Poly(vinylidene fluoride), PVDF, and its copolymers are the family of polymers with the highest dielectric constant and electroactive response, including piezoelectric, pyroelectric and ferroelectric effects. The electroactive properties are increasingly...

A Critical Review of the Risks to Water Resources from Unconventional Shale Gas Development and Hydraulic Fracturing in the United States

The rapid rise of shale gas development through horizontal drilling and high volume hydraulic fracturing has expanded the extraction of hydrocarbon resources in the U.S. The rise of shale gas development has triggered an intense public debate regarding...

A political economy of the Middle East

Alan Richards, John Waterbury

Prevalence, incidence and distribution of erosion.

There is evidence that the presence of erosion is growing steadily. Due to different scoring systems, samples and examiners, it is difficult to compare the different studies. Preschool children from 2 to 5 years showed erosion on deciduous teeth in 1...

International covenant on economic, social and cultural rights

Considering that, in accordance with the principles proclaimed in the Charter of the United Nations, recognition of the inherent dignity and of the equal and inalienable rights of all members of the human family is the foundation of freedom, justice and...

Progressive systemic sclerosis

Fifty-two cases of scleroderma have been investigated in the Diagnostic Radiology Department. The incidence of the various systemic manifestations has been discussed. It has been found that over 50 per cent of the patients had positive radiological changes...

Laparoscopic assisted colectomy

Leon H. Gellman, Barry Salky, Michael Edye

Precise and Ultrafast Molecular Sieving Through Graphene Oxide Membranes

Membranes based on graphene can simultaneously block the passage of very small molecules while allowing the rapid permeation of water. Joshi et al. (p. [752][1]; see the Perspective by [Mi][2]) investigated the permeation of ions and neutral molecules...

Grey Wolf Optimizer

This work proposes a new meta-heuristic called Grey Wolf Optimizer (GWO) inspired by grey wolves (Canis lupus). The GWO algorithm mimics the leadership hierarchy and hunting mechanism of grey wolves in nature. Four types of grey wolves such as alpha,...

Electrically tunable excitonic light-emitting diodes based on monolayer WSe2 p-n junctions

: Light-emitting diodes are of importance for lighting, displays, optical interconnects, logic and sensors. Hence the development of new systems that allow improvements in their efficiency, spectral properties, compactness and integrability could have...

A combined PET/CT scanner: the path to true image fusion

Software-based image fusion is used routinely for the alignment of functional and anatomical images of the brain. For other parts of the body, image registration is more problematic owing to differences in patient positioning, scanner bed profiles and...

Albumin Replacement in Patients with Severe Sepsis or Septic Shock

Background Although previous studies have suggested the potential advantages of albumin administration in patients with severe sepsis, its efficacy has not been fully established. Methods In this multicenter, open-label trial, we randomly assigned 1818...

Immunotherapy for recurrent miscarriage

Patient AccessPatients and/or caregivers may access this content for use in relation to their own personal healthcare or that of a family member only. Terms and conditions will apply.

Pain catastrophizing: a critical review

Pain catastrophizing is conceptualized as a negative cognitive–affective response to anticipated or actual pain and has been associated with a number of important pain-related outcomes. In the present review, we first focus our efforts on the conceptualization...

Microparticles as Vaccine Adjuvants and Delivery Systems

Adjuvants can be broadly divided into two groups, based on their principal mechanisms of action: vaccine delivery systems and immunostimulatory adjuvants. Vaccine delivery systems are generally particulate (e.g., emulsions, microparticles, immunostimulatory...

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