CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 2014

Page 14
Foreign Banks: Trends and Impact

Over the past two decades, foreign banks have become much more important in domestic financial intermediation, heightening the need to understand their behavior. We introduce a new, comprehensive database, made publicly available, on bank ownership (including...

Liver fibrosis and repair: immune regulation of wound healing in a solid organ.

Antonella Pellicoro, Prakash Ramachandran, John Iredale, Jonathan Fallowfield

Aortic pulse wave velocity improves cardiovascular event prediction

Yoav Ben-Shlomo, Melissa Spears, Christopher Boustred, Margaret T May, Simon G. Anderson, Emelia J. Benjamin, Pierre Boutouyrie, James D. Cameron, Chen-Huan Chen, J. Kennedy Cruickshank, Shih-Jen Hwang, Stéphane Laurent, João Maldonado, Gary F. Mitchell, Samer S. Najjar, Anne B. Newman, Mitsuru Ohishi, Bruno Pannier, Telmo Pereira, Ramachandran S. Vasan, Tomoki Shokawa, Kim Sutton-Tyrell, Francis Verbeke, Kang-Ling Wang, David J. Webb, Tine W. Hansen, Sophia Zoungas, Carmel M. McEniery, John R. Cockcroft, Ian B. Wilkinson

Tumour antigens recognized by T lymphocytes: at the core of cancer immunotherapy

In this Timeline, we describe the characteristics of tumour antigens that are recognized by spontaneous T cell responses in cancer patients and the paths that led to their identification. We explain on what genetic basis most, but not all, of these antigens...

Edwards FloTrac™ sensor and Vigileo™ monitor: easy, accurate, reliable cardiac output assessment using the arterial pulse wave

Edwards Lifesciences has recently introduced the FloTrac™ sensor and Vigileo™ monitor system for monitoring cardiac output continuously. It does not require thermodilution or dye dilution, but rather bases its calculations on arterial waveform characteristics...

A mid-term analysis of progress toward international biodiversity targets

The targets set by the Convention on Biological Diversity in 2010 focused international efforts to alleviate global biodiversity decline. However, many of the consequences of these efforts will not be evident by the 2020 deadline agreed to by governments...

Rare-Variant Association Analysis: Study Designs and Statistical Tests

Despite the extensive discovery of trait- and disease-associated common variants, much of the genetic contribution to complex traits remains unexplained. Rare variants can explain additional disease risk or trait variability. An increasing number of studies...

Classification Algorithms for Codes and Designs

A new starting-point and a new method are requisite, to insure a complete [classi?cation of the Steiner triple systems of order 15]. This method was furnished, and its tedious and di?cult execution und- taken, by Mr. Cole. F. N. Cole, L. D. Cummings,...

Bioactive composite materials for tissue engineering scaffolds

Synthetic bioactive and bioresorbable composite materials are becoming increasingly important as scaffolds for tissue engineering. Next-generation biomaterials should combine bioactive and bioresorbable properties to activate in vivo mechanisms of tissue...

Multiple Risk Factor Intervention Trial

Lynn E. Eberly, Jeremiah Stamler, Lewis H. Kuller, James D. Neaton

How do nutritional antioxidants really work: Nucleophilic tone and para-hormesis versus free radical scavenging in vivo

Assumptions of free radical scavenging by antioxidants in vivo are kinetically unsound.

Indigenous land rights, entrepreneurship, and economic development in Canada: "Opting-in" to the global economy

Indigenous people are struggling to reassert their nationhood within the post-colonial states in which they find themselves. Claims to their traditional lands and the right to use the resources of these lands are central to their drive to nationhood....

Pensamiento y acción en el profesor: de los estudios sobre la planificación al pensamiento práctico

ResumenEste articulo presenta una revision critica de la literatura de los ultimos diez anos sobre el tema del pensamiento y la intervencion practica del profesor. Se analiza la evolucion de los estudios e investigaciones desde los planteamientos mas...

Tuned-aperture computed tomography (TACT). Theory and application for three-dimensional dento-alveolar imaging.

Objectives: To introduce a new method for creating three-dimensional (3-D) radiographic displays based on optical aperture theory known as tuned-apertur e computed tomography (TACT™). With a number of advantages over conventional plain film and tomographic...

Timing and volume of fluid administration for patients with bleeding

Original article can be found at: http://www3.interscience.wiley.com Copyright John Wiley & Sons. ‘This review is published as a Cochrane Review in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2003, Issue 3. Cochrane Reviews are regularly updated as...

Ubiquitous Interplay between Charge Ordering and High-Temperature Superconductivity in Cuprates

Copper-oxide superconductors have a complex electronic structure. A charge density order has been observed in two cuprate families; however, it has been unclear whether such an order exists in Bi-based compounds (see the Perspective by [Morr][1] ). Comin...

Antioxidants for male subfertility.

Marian G Showell, Julie Brown, Anusch Yazdani, Marcin Stankiewicz, Roger Hart

Innovating Pedagogy 2014

This series of reports explores new forms of teaching, learning and assessment for an interactive world, to guide teachers and policy makers in productive innovation. The first report proposes ten innovations that are already in currency but have not...

Supramolecular polymers constructed from macrocycle-based host-guest molecular recognition motifs.

ConspectusSupramolecular polymers, fabricated via the combination of supramolecular chemistry and polymer science, are polymeric arrays of repeating units held together by reversible, relatively weak noncovalent interactions. The introduction of noncovalent...

Comparison of PET imaging with a 68Ga-labelled PSMA ligand and 18F-choline-based PET/CT for the diagnosis of recurrent prostate cancer

PurposePositron emission tomography (PET) with choline tracers has found widespread use for the diagnosis of prostate cancer (PC). However, choline metabolism is not increased in a considerable number of cases, whereas prostate-specific membrane antigen...

Nanoparticles of biodegradable polymers for new-concept chemotherapy

The current regimen of chemotherapy is far from satisfactory – its efficiency is limited and patients suffer from serious side effects. Various drug delivery devices have been under intensive investigation in the past few decades in attempts to develop...

Saliency Optimization from Robust Background Detection

Recent progresses in salient object detection have exploited the boundary prior, or background information, to assist other saliency cues such as contrast, achieving state-of-the-art results. However, their usage of boundary prior is very simple, fragile,...

The Network Structure of International Trade

Motivated by empirical evidence I uncover on the dynamics of French firms’ exports , I offer a novel theory of trade frictions. Firms export only into markets where they have a contact. They search directly for new trading partners, but also use their...

Deep Learning: Methods and Applications

This monograph provides an overview of general deep learning methodology and its applications to a variety of signal and information processing tasks. The application areas are chosen with the following three criteria in mind: (1) expertise or knowledge...

Polyaniline and polypyrrole pseudocapacitor electrodes with excellent cycling stability.

Conducting polymers such as polyaniline and polypyrrole have been widely used as pseudocapacitive electrode materials for supercapacitors. However, their structural instability resulting from repeated volumetric swelling and shrinking during charge/discharge...

Home and School Correlates of Early Interest in Literature

A composite measure was developed to identify kindergarten children from 21 classrooms who had a high or low interest in literature. Parent questionnaires, teacher evaluations, and tests provided information concern- ing children’s free-time home activities,...

Knowledge vault: a web-scale approach to probabilistic knowledge fusion

Recent years have witnessed a proliferation of large-scale knowledge bases, including Wikipedia, Freebase, YAGO, Microsoft's Satori, and Google's Knowledge Graph. To increase the scale even further, we need to explore automatic methods for constructing...

Minimal experimental requirements for definition of extracellular vesicles and their functions: a position statement from the International Society for Extracellular Vesicles

Secreted membrane-enclosed vesicles, collectively called extracellular vesicles (EVs), which include exosomes, ectosomes, microvesicles, microparticles, apoptotic bodies and other EV subsets, encompass a very rapidly growing scientific field in biology...

Tuning Reactivity and Mechanism in Oxidation Reactions by Mononuclear Nonheme Iron(IV)-Oxo Complexes

ConspectusMononuclear nonheme iron enzymes generate high-valent iron(IV)-oxo intermediates that effect metabolically important oxidative transformations in the catalytic cycle of dioxygen activation. In 2003, researchers first spectroscopically characterized...

Towards ultimate temporal and spatial resolutions with ultrafast single-electron diffraction

Ultrafast electron diffraction and microscopy can provide a four-dimensional visualization of atomic motion in space and time, but space charge effects limit the temporal resolution. In contrast to bright pulses with many electrons, single-electron wave...

ERPLAB: an open-source toolbox for the analysis of event-related potentials.

ERPLAB Toolbox is a freely available, open-source toolbox for processing and analyzing event-related potential (ERP) data in the MATLAB environment. ERPLAB is closely integrated with EEGLAB, a popular open-source toolbox that provides many EEG preprocessing...

NOD proteins: regulators of inflammation in health and disease

Dana J. Philpott, Matthew T. Sorbara, Susan J. Robertson, Kenneth Croitoru, Stephen E. Girardin

Low Band‐Gap Conjugated Polymers with Strong Interchain Aggregation and Very High Hole Mobility Towards Highly Efficient Thick‐Film Polymer Solar Cells

Zhenhui Chen, Ping Cai, Junwu Chen, Xuncheng Liu, Lianjie Zhang, Linfeng Lan, Junbiao Peng, Yuguang Ma, Yong Cao

Reduced Graphene Oxides: Light‐Weight and High‐Efficiency Electromagnetic Interference Shielding at Elevated Temperatures

Bo Wen, Mao-Sheng Cao, Ming-Ming Lu, Wen-Qiang Cao, Honglong Shi, Jia Liu, Xi-Xi Wang, Hai-Bo Jin, Wenzhong Wang, Jie Yuan

Nickel-Catalyzed Site-Selective Alkylation of Unactivated C(sp3)–H Bonds

The direct alkylation of unactivated sp3 C–H bonds of aliphatic amides was achieved via nickel catalysis with the assist of a bidentate directing group. The reaction favors the C–H bonds of methyl groups over the methylene C–H bonds and tolerates...

STOPP/START criteria for potentially inappropriate prescribing in older people: version 2

Purpose: screening tool of older people’s prescriptions (STOPP) and screening tool to alert to right treatment (START) criteria were first published in 2008. Due to an expanding therapeutics evidence base, updating of the criteria was required. Methods:...

Mechanical Force‐Driven Growth of Elongated Bending TiO2‐based Nanotubular Materials for Ultrafast Rechargeable Lithium Ion Batteries

Yuxin Tang, Yanyan Zhang, Jiyang Deng, J. Wei, Hong Le Tam, Bevita K. Chandran, Zhili Dong, Zhong Chen, Xiaodong Chen

Cannabis and schizophrenia: impact on onset, course, psychopathology and outcomes

Giuseppe Bersani, V. Orlandi, Georgios D. Kotzalidis, P. Pancheri

Early clinical PET imaging results with the novel PHF-tau radioligand [F18]-T808.

Aggregates of hyperphosphorylated tau (PHF-tau), such as neurofibrillary tangles, are linked to the degree of cognitive impairment in Alzheimer's disease. We have recently reported early clinical results of a novel PHF-tau targeting PET imaging agent,...

Potential for Zika virus transmission through blood transfusion demonstrated during an outbreak in French Polynesia, November 2013 to February 2014.

Didier Musso, Nhan T, Robin E, Claudine Roche, D. Bierlaire, Zisou K, Shan A, Van-Mai Cao-Lormeau, Julien Broult

Feasibility, accuracy, and clinical effect of point-of-care Xpert MTB/RIF testing for tuberculosis in primary-care settings in Africa: a multicentre, randomised, controlled trial

The Xpert MTB/RIF test for tuberculosis is being rolled out in many countries, but evidence is lacking regarding its implementation outside laboratories, ability to inform same-day treatment decisions at the point of care, and clinical effect on tuberculosis-related...

Multi-modal locomotion: from animal to application

The majority of robotic vehicles that can be found today are bound to operations within a single media (i.e. land, air or water). This is very rarely the case when considering locomotive capabilities in natural systems. Utility for small robots often...

Measuring the Effect of the Zero Lower Bound on Medium- and Longer-Term Interest Rates

According to standard macroeconomic models, the zero lower bound greatly reduces the effectiveness of monetary policy and increases the efficacy of fiscal policy. However, private-sector decisions depend on the entire path of expected future short-term...

Fully homomorphic SIMD operations

Fully homomorphic SIMD operations

Observation of Electron Neutrino Appearance in a Muon Neutrino Beam

The T2K experiment has observed electron neutrino appearance in a muon neutrino beam produced 295 km from the Super-Kamiokande detector with a peak energy of 0.6 GeV. A total of 28 electron neutrino events were detected with an energy...

How video production affects student engagement: an empirical study of MOOC videos

Videos are a widely-used kind of resource for online learning. This paper presents an empirical study of how video production decisions affect student engagement in online educational videos. To our knowledge, ours is the largest-scale study of video...

Oxytocin receptor antagonists for inhibiting preterm labour.

Vicki Flenady, Hanna E. Reinebrant, Helen Liley, Eashan Tambimuttu, Dimitri Papatsonis

SOAPdenovo-Trans: De novo transcriptome assembly with short RNA-Seq reads

Motivation: Transcriptome sequencing has long been the favored method for quickly and inexpensively obtaining a large number of gene sequences from an organism with no reference genome. Owing to the rapid increase in throughputs and decrease in costs...

Semi-crystalline photovoltaic polymers with efficiency exceeding 9% in a ∼300 nm thick conventional single-cell device

We report a series of semi-crystalline, low band gap (LBG) polymers and demonstrate the fabrication of highly efficient polymer solar cells (PSCs) in a thick single-cell architecture. The devices achieve a power conversion efficiency (PCE) of over 7%...

Understanding sustainable development

This new and expanded edition builds upon the first edition’s powerful multi-perspective approach and breath of coverage. A truly comprehensive introduction to sustainable development, it is designed specifically to allow access to the topic from a...

Pattern recognition and biomarker validation using quantitative 1H-NMR-based metabolomics

The collection of global metabolic data and their interpretation (both spectral and biochemical) using modern spectroscopic techniques and appropriate statistical approaches, are known as ‘metabolic profiling’, ‘metabonomics’ or ‘metabolomics’....

Hepatitis B and D Viruses Exploit Sodium Taurocholate Co-transporting Polypeptide for Species-Specific Entry into Hepatocytes

Yi Ni, Florian A. Lempp, Stefan Mehrle, Shirin Nkongolo, Christina L. Kaufman, Maria Fälth, Jan Stindt, Christian Königer, Michael Nassal, Ralf Kubitz, Holger Sültmann, Stephan Urban

All-oral daclatasvir plus asunaprevir for hepatitis C virus genotype 1b: a multinational, phase 3, multicohort study

An unmet need exists for interferon-free and ribavirin-free treatments for chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. In this study, we assessed all-oral therapy with daclatasvir (NS5A replication complex inhibitor) plus asunaprevir (NS3 protease inhibitor)...

Financial Literacy, Financial Education, and Downstream Financial Behaviors

Policy makers have embraced financial education as a necessary antidote to the increasing complexity of consumers’ financial decisions over the last generation. We conduct a meta-analysis of the relationship of financial literacy and of financial education...

Landscape of genomic alterations in cervical carcinomas

Akinyemi I. Ojesina, Lee Lichtenstein, Samuel S. Freeman, Chandra Sekhar Pedamallu, Ivan Imaz-Rosshandler, Trevor J. Pugh, Andrew D. Cherniack, Lauren Ambrogio, Kristian Cibulskis, Bjørn Bertelsen, Sandra Romero-Cordoba, Victor Treviño, Karla Vazquez-Santillan, Alberto Guadarrama, Alexi A. Wright, Mara Rosenberg, Fujiko Duke, Bethany Kaplan, Rui Wang, Elizabeth Nickerson, Heather M. Walline, Michael S. Lawrence, Chip Stewart, Scott L. Carter, Aaron McKenna, Irám Pablo Rodríguez-Sánchez, Magali Espinosa-Castilla, Kathrine Woie, Line Bjørge, Elisabeth Wik, Mari K. Halle, Erling A. Hoivik, Camilla Krakstad, Nayeli Belem Gabiño, Gabriela Sofía Gómez-Macías, Lezmes D. Valdez-Chapa, María de Lourdes Garza-Rodríguez, German Maytorena, Jorge A. Vazquez, Carlos Rodea, Adrian Cravioto, Maria L. Cortés, Heidi Greulich, Christopher P. Crum, Donna Neuberg, Alfredo Hidalgo-Miranda, Claudia Rangel Escareno, Lars A. Akslen, Thomas E. Carey, Olav Karsten Vintermyr

Resistance Mechanisms for the Bruton's Tyrosine Kinase Inhibitor Ibrutinib

Background Ibrutinib is an irreversible inhibitor of Bruton’s tyrosine kinase (BTK) and is effective in chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Resistance to irreversible kinase inhibitors and resistance associated with BTK inhibition have not been characterized....

Retinal gene therapy in patients with choroideremia: initial findings from a phase 1/2 clinical trial

Choroideremia is an X-linked recessive disease that leads to blindness due to mutations in the CHM gene, which encodes the Rab escort protein 1 (REP1). We assessed the effects of retinal gene therapy with an adeno-associated viral (AAV) vector encoding...

BICEP2 II: Experiment and Three-Year Data Set

We report on the design and performance of theBicep2 instrument and on its three-year data set.Bicep2 was designed to measure the polarization of the cosmic microwave background (CMB) on angular scales of 1 ◦ –5 ◦ (� = 40–200), near the expected...

Towards sustainable wastewater treatment by using microbial fuel cells-centered technologies

paradigm of sustainable wastewater treatment. In the past years, many good ideas/approaches have been proposed and investigated for MFC application, but information is scattered. Various review papers were published on MFC configuration, substrates, electrode...

The FNIH Sarcopenia Project: Rationale, Study Description, Conference Recommendations, and Final Estimates

Stephanie A. Studenski, Katherine W. Peters, Dawn E. Alley, Peggy M. Cawthon, Robert R. McLean, Tamara B. Harris, Luigi Ferrucci, Jack M. Guralnik, Maren S. Fragala, Anne M. Kenny, Douglas P. Kiel, Stephen B. Kritchevsky, Michelle Shardell, Thuy-Tien L. Dam, Maria T. Vassileva

Body-Mass Index and Mortality among Adults with Incident Type 2 Diabetes

Background The relation between body weight and mortality among persons with type 2 diabetes remains unresolved, with some studies suggesting decreased mortality among overweight or obese persons as compared with normal-weight persons (an “obesity paradox”)....

Medical image registration: a review.

This paper presents a review of automated image registration methodologies that have been used in the medical field. The aim of this paper is to be an introduction to the field, provide knowledge on the work that has been developed and to be a suitable...

High-Efficiency “Green” Quantum Dot Solar Cells

Semiconductor quantum dots (QDs) are extremely interesting materials for the development of photovoltaic devices, but currently the present the drawback is that the most efficient devices have been prepared with toxic heavy metals of Cd or Pb. Solar cells...

A Dosage System for Gamma Ray Therapy

A practical system of dosage measurement is described, applicable to all forms of radium therapy other than certain types of interstitial implantation. The international “r” unit is accepted as a satisfactory unit of quantity of gamma radiation, and...

Cobalt‐Embedded Nitrogen‐Rich Carbon Nanotubes Efficiently Catalyze Hydrogen Evolution Reaction at All pH Values

Xiaoxin Zou, Xiaoxi Huang, Rafael Silva, Bhaskar R. Sathe, Eliška Mikmeková, Tewodros Asefa

Principles of Physical Layer Security in Multiuser Wireless Networks: A Survey

This paper provides a comprehensive review of the domain of physical layer security in multiuser wireless networks. The essential premise of physical layer security is to enable the exchange of confidential messages over a wireless medium in the presence...

Transcriptional landscape of the prenatal human brain

Jeremy A. Miller, Song-Lin Ding, Susan M. Sunkin, Kimberly A. Smith, Lydia Ng, Aaron Szafer, Amanda Ebbert, Zackery L. Riley, Joshua J. Royall, Kaylynn Aiona, James M. Arnold, Crissa Bennet, Darren Bertagnolli, Krissy Brouner, Stephanie Butler, Shiella Caldejon, Anita Carey, Christine Cuhaciyan, Rachel A. Dalley, Nick Dee, Tim A. Dolbeare, Benjamin A. C. Facer, David Feng, Tim P. Fliss, Garrett Gee, Jeff Goldy, Lindsey Gourley, Benjamin W. Gregor, Guangyu Gu, Robert Howard, Jayson M. Jochim, Chihchau Kuan, Chris Lau, Chang-Kyu Lee, Felix Lee, Tracy Lemon, Phil Lesnar, Bergen McMurray, Naveed Mastan, Nerick Mosqueda, Theresa Naluai-Cecchini, Nhan-Kiet Ngo, Julie Nyhus, Aaron Oldre, Eric Olson, Jody Parente, Patrick D. Parker, Sheana E. Parry, Allison Stevens, Mihovil Pletikos

The Relation Between Tumour Lethal Doses and the Radiosensitivity of Tumour Cells

Dose: cure-rate curves for tumours have been calculated from dose: survival curves for single cells, on the assumption that if a tumour is to be cured, every cell in it must be deprived of the ability to continue to reproduce. Host factors have been neglected....

Risk of Geographic Atrophy in the Comparison of Age-related Macular Degeneration Treatments Trials

Juan E. Grunwald, Ebenezer Daniel, Jiayan Huang, Gui-Shuang Ying, Maureen G. Maguire, Cynthia A. Toth, Glenn J. Jaffe, Stuart L. Fine, Barbara A. Blodi, M. Klein, Alison A. Martin, Stephanie A. Hagstrom, Daniel F. Martin

Prospective, multicenter study of laparoscopic ventral hernioplasty

F. K. Toy, R. W. Bailey, S. Carey, Courtney Chappuis, Michel Gagner, Leon Josephs, E. C. Mangiante, A. E. Park, Alfons Pomp, Rory Smoot, Uddo Jf, G. R. Voeller

Kubios HRV - Heart rate variability analysis software

Kubios HRV is an advanced and easy to use software for heart rate variability (HRV) analysis. The software supports several input data formats for electrocardiogram (ECG) data and beat-to-beat RR interval data. It includes an adaptive QRS detection algorithm...

Added Sugar Intake and Cardiovascular Diseases Mortality Among US Adults

RESULTS Among US adults, the adjusted mean percentage of daily calories from added sugar increased from 15.7% (95% CI, 15.0%-16.4%) in 1988-1994 to 16.8% (16.0%-17.7%; P =. 02) in 1999-2004 and decreased to 14.9% (14.2%-15.5%;...

Lithium metal anodes for rechargeable batteries

Lithium (Li) metal is an ideal anode material for rechargeable batteries due to its extremely high theoretical specific capacity (3860 mA h g−1), low density (0.59 g cm−3) and the lowest negative electrochemical potential (−3.040...

Sorafenib in locally advanced or metastatic, radioactive iodine-refractory, differentiated thyroid cancer: a randomized, double-blind, phase 3 trial

Marcia S. Brose, Christopher M. Nutting, Barbara Jarzab, Rossella Elisei, Salvatore Siena, Lars Bastholt, Christelle de la Fouchardière, Furio Pacini, Ralf Paschke, Young KeeShong, Steven I. Sherman, Johannes W. A. Smit, John Chung, Christian Kappeler, Carol Pena, I Molnar, Martin Schlumberger

Research in supported housing

Walid K. H. Fakhoury, Alison Murray, Geoff Shepherd, Stefan Priebe

Cation-Induced Band-Gap Tuning in Organohalide Perovskites: Interplay of Spin-Orbit Coupling and Octahedra Tilting

Anna Amat, Edoardo Mosconi, Enrico Ronca, Claudio Quarti, Paolo Umari, Md. K. Nazeeruddin, Michael Graetzel, Filippo De Angelis

Determination of normal splenic volume on computed tomography in relation to age, gender and body habitus

P. Prassopoulos, Maria E. Daskalogiannaki, Maria Raissaki, Adam A. Hatjidakis, Nicholas Gourtsoyiannis

The A4 Study: Stopping AD before Symptoms Begin?

A new secondary prevention trial in older people with amyloid accumulation at high risk for Alzheimer’s disease dementia should provide insights into whether anti-amyloid therapy can delay cognitive decline.

Immune Modulation in Cancer with Antibodies

Ipilimumab is the prototypical immunomodulatory antibody, approved by the FDA in 2011 for advanced melanoma on the basis of survival benefit. Since that time, we have made significant strides in optimizing this therapy: we have characterized the spectrum...

Effectiveness and safety of novel oral anticoagulants as compared with vitamin K antagonists in the treatment of acute symptomatic venous thromboembolism: a systematic review and meta‐analysis

SummaryIntroductionNew direct oral anticoagulants (NOACs) constitute a novel treatment option for acute venous thromboembolism (VTE), with practical advantages. Individual studies have demonstrated comparable efficacy to that of vitamin K antagonists...

iRSpot-TNCPseAAC: Identify Recombination Spots with Trinucleotide Composition and Pseudo Amino Acid Components

Meiosis and recombination are the two opposite aspects that coexist in a DNA system. As a driving force for evolution by generating natural genetic variations, meiotic recombination plays a very important role in the formation of eggs and sperm. Interestingly,...

Medication administration errors in adult patients in the ICU.

Andrea Calabrese, Brian L. Erstad, Katherine Brandl, Jeffrey F Barletta, Sandra Kane, Deb Sherman

The Thiol-Michael Addition Click Reaction: A Powerful and Widely Used Tool in Materials Chemistry

The key attribute of the thiol-Michael addition reaction that makes it a prized tool in materials science is its modular “click” nature, which allows for the implementation of this highly efficient, “green” reaction in applications that vary from...

Safety evaluation and risk assessment of electronic cigarettes as tobacco cigarette substitutes: a systematic review

and Introduction Abstract Electronic cigarettes are a recent development in tobacco harm reduction. They are marketed as less harmful alternatives to smoking. Awareness and use of these devices has grown exponentially in recent years, with millions of...

Cloud-Based Augmentation for Mobile Devices: Motivation, Taxonomies, and Open Challenges

Recently, Cloud-based Mobile Augmentation (CMA) approaches have gained remarkable ground from academia and industry. CMA is the state-of-the-art mobile augmentation model that employs resource-rich clouds to increase, enhance, and optimize computing capabilities...

The Scale Issue in the Social and Natural Sciences

RESUMEL'echelle spatiale est un concept central dans les sciences qui s'interessent aux activites anthropiques et aux processus physiques qui se produisent a la surface de la terre. La litterature geographique est particulierement riche en discussions...

The Pathophysiology and Treatment of Glaucoma: A Review

Importance Glaucoma is a worldwide leading cause of irreversible vision loss. Because it may be asymptomatic until a relatively late stage, diagnosis is frequently delayed. A general understanding of the disease pathophysiology, diagnosis, and treatment...

Development of Optical Mesosphere Thermosphere Imagers (OMTI)

The Optical Mesosphere Thermosphere Imagers (OMTI) have been developed to investigate the dynamics of the upper atmosphere through nocturnal airglow emissions. The OMTI consist of an imaging Fabry-Perot interferometer, three all-sky cooled-CCD cameras,...

Sensors for Breath Testing: From Nanomaterials to Comprehensive Disease Detection

The analysis of volatile organic compounds in exhaled breath samples represents a new frontier in medical diagnostics because it is a noninvasive and potentially inexpensive way to detect illnesses. Clinical trials with spectrometry and spectroscopy techniques,...

Reagent and laboratory contamination can critically impact sequence-based microbiome analyses

The study of microbial communities has been revolutionised in recent years by the widespread adoption of culture independent analytical techniques such as 16S rRNA gene sequencing and metagenomics. One potential confounder of these sequence-based approaches...

The role of small cells, coordinated multipoint, and massive MIMO in 5G

5G will have to support a multitude of new applications with a wide variety of requirements, including higher peak and user data rates, reduced latency, enhanced indoor coverage, increased number of devices, and so on. The expected traffic growth in 10...

Mechanisms and applications of plant growth promoting rhizobacteria: Current perspective

Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria are the soil bacteria inhabiting around/on the root surface and are directly or indirectly involved in promoting plant growth and development via production and secretion of various regulatory chemicals in the vicinity...

Interleukin-17-producing innate lymphoid cells and the NLRP3 inflammasome facilitate obesity-associated airway hyperreactivity

Hye Young Kim, Hyun Jun Lee, Ya-Jen Chang, Muriel Pichavant, Stephanie A. Shore, Katherine A. Fitzgerald, Yoichiro Iwakura, Elliot Israel, Kenneth Bolger, John L. Faul, Rosemarie H. DeKruyff, Dale T. Umetsu

Autophagy and apoptosis dysfunction in neurodegenerative disorders

An overview of common neurodegenerative disorders, most of them prevalent at the older age.

Systematic review of the Hawthorne effect: New concepts are needed to study research participation effects

This study aims to (1) elucidate whether the Hawthorne effect exists, (2) explore under what conditions, and (3) estimate the size of any such effect.

Defect-Dominated Doping and Contact Resistance in MoS2

Achieving low resistance contacts is vital for the realization of nanoelectronic devices based on transition metal dichalcogenides. We find that intrinsic defects in MoS2 dominate the metal/MoS2 contact resistance and provide a low Schottky barrier independent...

The CRISPR/Cas9 system produces specific and homozygous targeted gene editing in rice in one generation

Hui Zhang, Jinshan Zhang, Pengliang Wei, Botao Zhang, Feng Gou, Zhengyan Feng, Yanfei Mao, Lan Yang, Heng Zhang, Nanfei Xu, Jian-Kang Zhu

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