CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 2014

Page 13
Extinction risk and conservation of the world's sharks and rays

The rapid expansion of human activities threatens ocean-wide biodiversity. Numerous marine animal populations have declined, yet it remains unclear whether these trends are symptomatic of a chronic accumulation of global marine extinction risk. We present...

Effects of an Anti-TSLP Antibody on Allergen-Induced Asthmatic Responses

Background Thymic stromal lymphopoietin (TSLP) is an epithelial-cell–derived cytokine that may be important in initiating allergic inflammation. AMG 157 is a human anti-TSLP monoclonal immunoglobulin G2λ that binds human TSLP and prevents receptor...

Prospective Study of Diagnostic Accuracy Comparing Prostate Cancer Detection by Transrectal Ultrasound–Guided Biopsy Versus Magnetic Resonance (MR) Imaging with Subsequent MR-guided Biopsy in Men Without Previous Prostate Biopsies

The current diagnosis of prostate cancer (PCa) uses transrectal ultrasound–guided biopsy (TRUSGB). TRUSGB leads to sampling errors causing delayed diagnosis, overdetection of indolent PCa, and misclassification. Advances in multiparametric magnetic...

A proteome-scale map of the human interactome network

Just as reference genome sequences revolutionized human genetics, reference maps of interactome networks will be critical to fully understand geno-type- phenotype relationships. Here, we describe a systematic map of similar to 14,000 high-quality human...

DIYABC v2.0: a software to make approximate Bayesian computation inferences about population history using single nucleotide polymorphism, DNA sequence and microsatellite data

Motivation: DIYABC is a software package for a comprehensive analysis of population history using approximate Bayesian computation on DNA polymorphism data. Version 2.0 implements a number of new features and analytical methods. It allows...

Posterior Distribution of Percentiles: Bayes' Theorem for Sampling From a Population

A Bayesian approach to inference about the percentiles and other characteristics of a finite population is proposed. The approach does not depend upon, though it need not exclude, the use of parametric models.Some related questions concerning the existence...

Breast Cancer Screening Using Tomosynthesis in Combination With Digital Mammography

mammography + tomosynthesis; difference, 1.3 (95% CI, 0.4-2.1; P = .004); for cancer detection, 4.2 (95% CI, 3.8-4.7) with digital mammography vs 5.4 (95% CI, 4.9-6.0) with digital mammography + tomosynthesis; difference,...

Information Systems Success: The Quest for the Independent Variables

In 1992, DeLone and McLean suggested that the dependent variable for information systems (IS) research is IS Success. Their research resulted in the widely cited DeLone and McLean (D&M) IS Success Model, in which System Quality, Information Quality, Use,...

Anion-exchange membranes in electrochemical energy systems†

This article provides an up-to-date perspective on the use of anion-exchange membranes in fuel cells, electrolysers, redox flow batteries, reverse electrodialysis cells, and bioelectrochemical systems (e.g. microbial fuel cells). The aim is to highlight...

Two-Dimensional Metal–Organic Framework with Wide Channels and Responsive Turn-On Fluorescence for the Chemical Sensing of Volatile Organic Compounds

We report a 2D layered metal−organic framework (MOF) with wide channels named NUS-1 and its activated analogue NUS-1a composed of Zn4O-like secondary building units and tetraphenylethene (TPE)- based ligand 4,4'-(2,2-diphenylethene-1,1-diyl)dibenzoic...

Emergence and management of drug-resistant enterococcal infections

The treatment of multidrug-resistant enterococcal infections continues to be a challenge for clinicians. Glycopeptide and β-lactam resistance is now a common feature of the majority of Enterococcus faecium hospital isolates, and resistance to aminoglycosides,...

The Flipped Classroom: A Course Redesign to Foster Learning and Engagement in a Health Professions School

Recent calls for educational reform highlight ongoing concerns about the ability of current curricula to equip aspiring health care professionals with the skills for success. Whereas a wide range of proposed solutions attempt to address apparent deficiencies...

A high efficiency solution processed polymer inverted triple-junction solar cell exhibiting a power conversion efficiency of 11.83%

High efficiency, solution-deposited polymer inverted double- and triple-junction solar cells are demonstrated. The devices are composed of three distinctive photosensitive materials in three distinct subcells, with minimal absorption spectral overlap,...

Treatment of Hepatitis C: A Systematic Review

OBJECTIVES To summarize published evidence on safety, efficacy (measured by a sustained virologic response [SVR], which is the treatment goal of undetectable plasma HCV RNA 12 or 24 weeks after therapy completion), and tolerability of current US Food...

The Dose-survival Relationship for Irradiation of Epithelial Cells of Mouse Skin

That skin will regenerate from a single epithelial cell surviving irradiation is probable. This provides a method for estimating the numbers of these cells surviving a dose of radiation. A technique is described whereby a dose-survival relationship for...

Cationic liposomes as vaccine adjuvants

The application of cationic liposomes as vaccine delivery systems and adjuvants has been investigated extensively over the last few decades. However, cationic liposomes are, in general, not sufficiently immunostimulatory, which is why the combination...

Gradient Magnitude Similarity Deviation: A Highly Efficient Perceptual Image Quality Index

It is an important task to faithfully evaluate the perceptual quality of output images in many applications, such as image compression, image restoration, and multimedia streaming. A good image quality assessment (IQA) model should not only deliver high...

Direct observation of the transition from indirect to direct bandgap in atomically thin epitaxial MoSe2

: Quantum systems in confined geometries are host to novel physical phenomena. Examples include quantum Hall systems in semiconductors and Dirac electrons in graphene. Interest in such systems has also been intensified by the recent discovery of a large...

Adsorptive separation on metal–organic frameworks in the liquid phase

While much attention of the MOF community has been devoted to adsorption and purification of gases, there is now also a vast body of data on the capability of MOFs to separate and purify liquid mixtures. Initial studies focused on separation of petrochemicals...

Wafer bonded four‐junction GaInP/GaAs//GaInAsP/GaInAs concentrator solar cells with 44.7% efficiency

Frank Dimroth, Matthias Grave, Paul Beutel, Ulrich Fiedeler, Christian Karcher, Thomas N. D. Tibbits, Eduard Oliva, Gerald Siefer, Michael Schachtner, A. Wekkeli, Andreas W. Bett, Rainer Krause, Matteo Piccin, Nicolas Blanc, Charlotte Drazek, Eric Guiot, Bruno Ghyselen, T. Salvetat, A. Tauzin, Thomas Signamarcheix, Anja Dobrich, Thomas Hannappel, Klaus Schwarzburg

Titanium Dioxide Nanomaterials for Photovoltaic Applications

Yu Bay, Filippo De Angelis, Juan Bisquert, Peng Wang

Changing concepts of working memory

Wei Ji Ma, Masud Husain, Paul M. Bays

Persistent HIV-1 replication is associated with lower antiretroviral drug concentrations in lymphatic tissues

Courtney V. Fletcher, Kathryn Staskus, Stephen W Wietgrefe, Meghan K Rothenberger, Cavan Reilly, Jeffrey G. Chipman, Greg J. Beilman, Alexander Khoruts, Ann Thorkelson, Thomas Schmidt, Jodi Anderson, Katherine E. Perkey, Mario Stevenson, Alan S. Perelson, Daniel C. Douek, Ashley T. Haase, Timothy W. Schacker

Ramucirumab plus paclitaxel versus placebo plus paclitaxel in patients with previously treated advanced gastric or gastro-oesophageal junction adenocarcinoma (RAINBOW): a double-blind, randomised phase 3 trial

VEGFR-2 has a role in gastric cancer pathogenesis and progression. We assessed whether ramucirumab, a monoclonal antibody VEGFR-2 antagonist, in combination with paclitaxel would increase overall survival in patients previously treated for advanced gastric...

Characteristics of a newly developed dentomaxillofacial X-ray cone beam CT scanner (CB MercuRay™): system configuration and physical properties

Results: The resolving power at a MTF of 0.1 in the D mode was over 2.0 lp mm 21 , suggesting that this system yields images of high resolution. The standard deviation of the CT value in water was approximately 80, which...

Observer-Based Adaptive Decentralized Fuzzy Fault-Tolerant Control of Nonlinear Large-Scale Systems With Actuator Failures

This paper investigates the adaptive fuzzy decentralized fault-tolerant control (FTC) problem for a class of nonlinear large-scale systems in strict-feedback form. The considered nonlinear system contains the unknown nonlinear functions, i.e., unmeasured...

Glycemic Control and Excess Mortality in Type 1 Diabetes

Background The excess risk of death from any cause and of death from cardiovascular causes is unknown among patients with type 1 diabetes and various levels of glycemic control. We conducted a registry-based observational study to determine the excess...

Significance of calcium phosphate coatings for the enhancement of new bone osteogenesis – A review

A systematic analysis of results available from in vitro , in vivo and clinical trials on the effects of biocompatible calcium phosphate (CaP) coatings is presented. An overview of the most frequently used methods to prepare CaP-based coatings was...

XSEDE: Accelerating Scientific Discovery

Computing in science and engineering is now ubiquitous: digital technologies underpin, accelerate, and enable new, even transformational, research in all domains. Access to an array of integrated and well-supported high-end digital services is critical...

Genome sequence of the cultivated cotton Gossypium arboreum

Fuguang Li, Guangyi Fan, Kunbo Wang, Fengming Sun, Youlu Yuan, Guoli Song, Qin Li, Zhiying Ma, Cairui Lu, Changsong Zou, Wenbin Chen, Xinming Liang, Haihong Shang, Weiqing Liu, Chengcheng Shi, Guanghui Xiao, Caiyun Gou, Wuwei Ye, Xun Xu, Xueyan Zhang, Hengling Wei, Zhifang Li, Guiyin Zhang, Junyi Wang, Kun Liu, Russell J. Kohel, Richard G. Percy, John Z. Yu, Yuxian Zhu, Jun Wang, Shuxun Yu

Tea Catechin Suppresses Adipocyte Differentiation Accompanied by Down-regulation of PPARγ2 and C/EBPα in 3T3-L1 Cells

Obesity is a serious health problem, and its prevention is promoted through life style including diet and exercise. In this study, we investigated the suppressive effects of tea catechin on the differentiation of 3T3-L1 preadipocytes to adipocytes. (−)-Catechin...

Engineering BiOX (X = Cl, Br, I) nanostructures for highly efficient photocatalytic applications

Heterogeneous photocatalysis that employs photo-excited semiconductor materials to reduce water and oxidize toxic pollutants upon solar light irradiation holds great prospects for renewable energy substitutes and environmental protection. To utilize solar...

Organic and inorganic contaminants removal from water with biochar, a renewable, low cost and sustainable adsorbent--a critical review.

Biochar is used for soil conditioning, remediation, carbon sequestration and water remediation. Biochar application to water and wastewater has never been reviewed previously. This review focuses on recent applications of biochars, produced from biomass...

Image Analysis and Processing II

This book contains the proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Data Analysis and Processing held in Cefalu' (Palermo, ITALY) on September 23-25 1987. The aim of this Conference, now at its fourth edition, was to give a general view of the actual...

Chemokines and Chemokine Receptors: Positioning Cells for Host Defense and Immunity

Chemokines are chemotactic cytokines that control the migratory patterns and positioning of all immune cells. Although chemokines were initially appreciated as important mediators of acute inflammation, we now know that this complex system of approximately...

A system of three quantum?particles with point-like interactions

Consider a?quantum three-particle system consisting of two fermions of unit mass and another particle of mass interacting in a point-like manner with the fermions. Such systems are studied here using the theory of self-adjoint extensions of symmetric...

Long-lived Isotopic Tracers in Oceanography, Paleoceanography, and Ice-sheet Dynamics

This chapter focuses on the basis for using authigenic neodymium, lead, and hafnium isotopes in oceanography and paleoceanography. In particular, it reviews in detail the currently available data on neodymium isotopes in the oceans in order to evaluate...

ABT-450, Ritonavir, Ombitasvir, and Dasabuvir Achieves 97% and 100% Sustained Virologic Response With or Without Ribavirin in Treatment-Experienced Patients With HCV Genotype 1b Infection

See Covering the Cover synopsis on page 257. BACKGROUND & AIMS: The interferon-free regimen of ABT450 (a protease inhibitor), ritonavir, ombitasvir (an NS5A inhibitor), dasabuvir (a non-nucleoside polymerase inhibitor), and ribavirin has shown efficacy...

Zika virus infection complicated by Guillain-Barre syndrome--case report, French Polynesia, December 2013.

Oehler E, Watrin L, Larre P, Isabelle Leparc-Goffart, Stephane Lastere, F Valour, Laure Baudouin, Hp Mallet, Didier Musso, Ghawche F

Influence of patient age on normalized effective doses calculated for CT examinations

Monte Carlo simulations of CT examinations have been performed to estimate effective doses, normalized to axial air kerma, for six mathematical phantoms representing ages from newborn to adult, and for three CT scanner models covering a range of designs....

Ultrafast charge transfer in atomically thin MoS2/WS2 heterostructures

: Van der Waals heterostructures have recently emerged as a new class of materials, where quantum coupling between stacked atomically thin two-dimensional (2D) layers, including graphene, hexagonal-boron nitride, and transition metal dichalcogenides (MX2),...

The Urban Funnel Model and the Spatially Heterogeneous Ecological Footprint

Urban ecological systems are characterized by complex interactions between the natural environment and humans at multiple scales; for an individual urban ecosystem, the strongest interactions may occur at the local or regional spatial scale. At the regional...

Transendocardial Mesenchymal Stem Cells and Mononuclear Bone Marrow Cells for Ischemic Cardiomyopathy: The TAC-HFT Randomized Trial

Importance Whether culture-expanded mesenchymal stem cells or whole bone marrow mononuclear cells are safe and effective in chronic ischemic cardiomyopathy is controversial.Objective To demonstrate the safety of transendocardial stem cell injection with...

Sofosbuvir and Ribavirin for Hepatitis C in Patients With HIV Coinfection

OBJECTIVE To determine the rates of HCV eradication (sustained virologic response (SVR)) and adverse events in patients with HCV-HIV coinfection receiving sofosbuvir and ribavirin treatment. RESULTS Among treatment-naive participants, 87 patients (76%)...

Occupational radiation doses in interventional cardiology: a 15-year follow-up

This report describes occupational radiation doses of interventional cardiologists over 15 years and assesses action undertaken to optimize radiation protection. Personal dosimetry records of nine staff cardiologists and eight interventional cardiology...

Becker, Howard S.

Don E. Lindley

Scan statistics and applications

Scan statistics are used in many areas of science and technology to analyze the occurence of observed clusters of events in time and space. The goal is to determine whether an observed cluster of events occurred by chance if it is assumed that the observed...

Reactions of metallocarbenes derived from N-sulfonyl-1,2,3-triazoles

Metal-stabilized carbenes derived from diazo compounds have become broadly useful reactive intermediates for organic synthesis. This tutorial review will describe the recent advances in using N-sulfonyl-1,2,3-triazoles as precursors for the formation...

Efficient charge generation by relaxed charge-transfer states at organic interfaces

Int erfaces between organic electron-donating (D) and electron-accepting (A) materials have the ability to generate charge carriers on illumination. Efficient organic solar cells require a high yield for this process, combined with a minimum of energy...

Role of Imaging in the Staging and Response Assessment of Lymphoma : Consensus of the International Conference on Malignant Lymphomas Imaging Working Group

Purpose Recent advances in imaging, use of prognostic indices, and molecular profiling techniques have the potential to improve disease characterization and outcomes in lymphoma. International trials are under way to test image-based response–adapted...

Face Alignment at 3000 FPS via Regressing Local Binary Features

This paper presents a highly efficient, very accurate regression approach for face alignment. Our approach has two novel components: a set of local binary features, and a locality principle for learning those features. The locality principle guides us...

Enabling Wireless Power Transfer in Cellular Networks: Architecture, Modeling and Deployment

Microwave power transfer (MPT) delivers energy wirelessly from stations called power beacons (PBs) to mobile devices by microwave radiation. This provides mobiles practically infinite battery lives and eliminates the need of power cords and chargers....

Opioid Prescribing: A Systematic Review and Critical Appraisal of Guidelines for Chronic Pain

Teryl K. Nuckols, Laura J. Anderson, Ioana Popescu, Allison L. Diamant, Brian J. Doyle, Paul Di Capua, Roger Chou

Exercise and mechanical loading increase periosteal bone formation and whole bone strength in C57BL/6J mice but not in C3H/Hej mice.

Y. Kodama, Yoshihisa Umemura, Wesley G. Beamer, Leah Rae Donahue, C. R. Rosen, David J. Baylink, J. R. Farley

Targeting RAF kinases for cancer therapy: BRAF-mutated melanoma and beyond

Matthew Holderfield, Marian M. Deuker, Frank McCormick, Martin McMahon

Photogenerated Charge Carriers and Reactive Oxygen Species in ZnO/Au Hybrid Nanostructures with Enhanced Photocatalytic and Antibacterial Activity

Semiconductor nanostructures with photocatalytic activity have the potential for many applications including remediation of environmental pollutants and use in antibacterial products. An effective way for promoting photocatalytic activity is depositing...

Oxygen Sensing, Hypoxia-Inducible Factors, and Disease Pathophysiology

Hypoxia-inducible factors (HIFs) are transcriptional activators that function as master regulators of oxygen homeostasis, which is disrupted in disorders affecting the circulatory system and in cancer. The role of HIFs in these diseases has been elucidated...

Urinary Sodium and Potassium Excretion, Mortality, and Cardiovascular Events

BackgroundThe optimal range of sodium intake for cardiovascular health is controversial. MethodsWe obtained morning fasting urine samples from 101,945 persons in 17 countries and estimated 24-hour sodium and potassium excretion (used as a surrogate for...

Structural modification strategies for the rational design of red/NIR region BODIPYs

This review focuses on classifying different types of long wavelength absorbing BODIPY dyes based on the wide range of structural modification methods that have been adopted, and on tabulating their spectral and photophysical properties. The structure–property...

Age-related decline in immunity: implications for vaccine responsiveness

Aging is associated with declines in immune system function, or ‘immunosenescence’, leading to progressive deterioration in both innate and adaptive immunity. These changes contribute to the decreased response to vaccines seen in many older adults,...

A Prospective, Molecular Epidemiology Study of EGFR Mutations in Asian Patients with Advanced Non–Small-Cell Lung Cancer of Adenocarcinoma Histology (PIONEER)

Yuankai Shi, Joseph S. K. Au, Sumitra Thongprasert, Sankar Srinivasan, Chun-Ming Tsai, Mai Trong Khoa, K. Heeroma, Yohji Itoh, G. Cornelio, Pan-Chyr Yang

Orodispersible tablets: An overview

Oral drug delivery remains the preferred route for administration of various drugs. Recent developments in the technology have prompted scientists to develop orally disintegrating tablets (ODTs) with improved patient compliance and convenience. ODTs are...

A standardised static in vitro digestion method suitable for food-an international consensus

Simulated gastro-intestinal digestion is widely employed in many fields of food and nutritional sciences, as conducting human trials are often costly, resource intensive, and ethically disputable. As a consequence, in vitro alternatives that determine...

Cytogenetics of B-Chromosomes

SUMMARYThe author intends to give this as a contribution in the discussion relating to a non-homogeneous group of chromosomes, variously known as accessory, B, extra or supernumerary. The term B-chromosome is considered the most appropriate. Moreover,...

Constraint-based models predict metabolic and associated cellular functions

The prediction of cellular function from a genotype is a fundamental goal in biology. For metabolism, constraint-based modelling methods systematize biochemical, genetic and genomic knowledge into a mathematical framework that enables a mechanistic description...

The p Factor: One General Psychopathology Factor in the Structure of Psychiatric Disorders?

Mental disorders traditionally have been viewed as distinct, episodic, and categorical conditions. This view has been challenged by evidence that many disorders are sequentially comorbid, recurrent/chronic, and exist on a continuum. Using the Dunedin...

Clinical validity of circulating tumour cells in patients with metastatic breast cancer: a pooled analysis of individual patient data

We aimed to assess the clinical validity of circulating tumour cell (CTC) quantification for prognostication of patients with metastatic breast cancer by undertaking a pooled analysis of individual patient data.

Quantitative X-ray tomography

X-ray computer tomography (CT) is fast becoming an accepted tool within the materials science community for the acquisition of 3D images. Here the authors review the current state of the art as CT transforms from a qualitative diagnostic tool to a quantitative...

Statistics without maths for psychology

Christine P. Dancey, John Reidy

Late effects of x irradiation in patients treated for metropathia haemorrhagica.

We have previously reported on the causes of death among 2,068 patients treated with X irradiation for metropathia haemorrhagica at three Scottish radiotherapy centres between 1940 and 1960 (Doll and Smith, 1968). This cohort of women has now been followed...

Metal-organic framework nanosheets as building blocks for molecular sieving membranes

There continues to be a lot of interest in developing membranes for gas separations that go beyond the current polymer membranes used commercially for this purpose. Peng et al. took a porous metal-organic framework material with a layered structure and...

Low incidence of off-target mutations in individual CRISPR-Cas9 and TALEN targeted human stem cell clones detected by whole-genome sequencing

Adrian Veres, Bridget S. Gosis, Qiurong Ding, Ryan Collins, Ashok Ragavendran, Harrison Brand, Serkan Erdin, Chad A. Cowan, Michael E. Talkowski, Kiran Musunuru

Vero cell platform in vaccine production: moving towards cell culture-based viral vaccines

The development of cell culture systems for virus propagation has led to major advances in virus vaccine development. Primary and diploid cell culture systems are now being replaced by the use of continuous cell lines (CCLs). These substrates are gaining...

Key advances in the chemical modification of nanocelluloses

Nanocelluloses, including nanocrystalline cellulose, nanofibrillated cellulose and bacterial cellulose nanofibers, have become fascinating building blocks for the design of new biomaterials. Derived from the must abundant and renewable biopolymer, they...

Current trends in Smart City initiatives: Some stylised facts

The concept of Smart City (SC) as a means to enhance the life quality of citizen has been gaining increasing importance in the agendas of policy makers. However, a shared definition of SC is not available and it is hard to identify common global trends....

Ester Formation by Alcohol Acetyltransferase from Brewers’ Yeast

Alcohol acetyltransferase responsible for the formation of acetate esters during beer fermentation was found to be localized at the cell membrane of brewers’ yeast. This cell membrane-bound enzyme was purified 120-fold by solubilization with Triton...

Multidrug-resistant Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii: resistance mechanisms and implications for therapy

Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Acinetobacter baumannii are major nosocomial pathogens worldwide. Both are intrinsically resistant to many drugs and are able to become resistant to virtually any antimicrobial agent. An increasing prevalence of infections caused...

Prevention of muscular dystrophy in mice by CRISPR/Cas9–mediated editing of germline DNA

†Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) is an inherited X-linked disease caused by mutations in the gene encoding dystrophin, a protein required for muscle fiber integrity. DMD is characterized by progressive muscle weakness and a shortened life span, and...

A Case of Severe Ebola Virus Infection Complicated by Gram-Negative Septicemia

Summary Ebola virus disease (EVD) developed in a patient who contracted the disease in Sierra Leone and was airlifted to an isolation facility in Hamburg, Germany, for treatment. During the course of the illness, he had numerous complications, including...

Introduction of surgical safety checklists in Ontario, Canada.

Background Evidence from observational studies that the use of surgical safety checklists results in striking improvements in surgical outcomes led to the rapid adoption of such checklists worldwide. However, the effect of mandatory adoption of surgical...

Throughput Maximization in Wireless Powered Communication Networks

This paper studies the newly emerging wireless powered communication network in which one hybrid access point (H-AP) with constant power supply coordinates the wireless energy/information transmissions to/from a set of distributed users that do not have...

Efficient and Uniform Planar‐Type Perovskite Solar Cells by Simple Sequential Vacuum Deposition

Chang-Wen Chen, Hao-Wei Kang, Sheng-Yi Hsiao, Po‐Fan Yang, K. N. Chiang, Hao-Wu Lin

Biomass-to-bioenergy and biofuel supply chain optimization: Overview, key issues and challenges

This article describes the key challenges and opportunities in modeling and optimization of biomass-to-bioenergy supply chains. It reviews the major energy pathways from terrestrial and aquatic biomass to bioenergy/biofuel products as well as power and...

Fundamentals of futures and options markets

Fundamentals of futures and options markets

Fitness vs. Fatness on All-Cause Mortality: A Meta-Analysis

The purpose of this study was to quantify the joint association of cardiorespiratory fitness (CRF) and weight status on mortality from all causes using meta-analytical methodology. Studies were included if they were (1) prospective, (2) objectively measured...

Exfoliation of Graphite into Graphene in Aqueous Solutions of Inorganic Salts

Mass production of high-quality graphene sheets is essential for their practical application in electronics, optoelectronics, composite materials, and energy-storage devices. Here we report a prompt electrochemical exfoliation of graphene sheets into...

Adjuvant Endocrine Therapy for Women With Hormone Receptor–Positive Breast Cancer: American Society of Clinical Oncology Clinical Practice Guideline Focused Update

Purpose To update the ASCO clinical practice guideline on adjuvant endocrine therapy on the basis of emerging data on the optimal duration of treatment, particularly adjuvant tamoxifen. Methods ASCO convened the Update Committee and conducted a systematic...

Functions of Matrices

Matrix functions are used in many areas of linear algebra and arisein numerous applications in science and engineering.The most common matrix function is the matrix inverse;it is not treated specifically in this chapter,but is covered in Section~1.5 and...

Landsat-8: Science and Product Vision for Terrestrial Global Change Research

Landsat 8, a NASA and USGS collaboration, acquires global moderate-resolution measurements of the Earth's terrestrial and polar regions in the visible, near-infrared, short wave, and thermal infrared. Landsat 8 extends the remarkable 40 year Landsat...

A de novo convergence of autism genetics and molecular neuroscience

Niklas Krumm, Brian J. O’Roak, Jay Shendure, Evan E. Eichler

THE FAMILIAL RISK OF AUTISM

Importance Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) aggregates in families, but the individual risk and to what extent this is caused by genetic factors or shared or nonshared environmental factors remains unresolved.Objective To provide estimates of familial aggregation...

Capacitive energy storage in micro-scale devices: recent advances in design and fabrication of micro-supercapacitors

Miniaturized energy storage is essential for the continuous development and further miniaturization of electronic devices. Electrochemical capacitors (ECs), also called supercapacitors, are energy storage devices with a high power density, fast charge...

Fossil Mammals of Riversleigh, Northwestern Queensland: Preliminary Overview of Biostratigraphy, Correlation and Environmental Change

Aspects of the results of studies of the fossil-rich Cainozoic deposits of Riversleigh, northwestern Queensland, are reviewed. A summary of five selected Riversleigh faunas representing the primary periods of the region's Cainozoic history is provided....

International Geomagnetic Reference Field—the tenth generation

The International Geomagnetic Reference Field (IGRF) 10th Generation was adopted in 2004 by the International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy (IAGA) Working Group V-MOD. It is the latest version of a standard mathematical description of the Earth’s...

Separation and Purification Technology

Porous assembly of MnO2 nanosheets has been prepared via a simple redox co-precipitation method using Mn(OAc)2 and KMnO4. The material has been characterized by XRD, XPS, FESEM, TEM, FTIR, and N2-adsorption–desorption analyses. The as-prepared MnO2...

Gene expression regulation mediated through reversible m6A RNA methylation

Cellular RNAs carry diverse chemical modifications that used to be regarded as static and having minor roles in 'fine-tuning' structural and functional properties of RNAs. In this Review, we focus on reversible methylation through the most prevalent mammalian...

A Comparative Encyclopedia of DNA Elements in the Mouse Genome

The laboratory mouse shares the majority of its protein-coding genes with humans, making it the premier model organism in biomedical research, yet the two mammals differ in significant ways. To gain greater insights into both shared and species-specific...

Simple Mastectomy and Radiotherapy in the Treatment of Breast Cancer

An account has been presented of the work commenced in Edinburgh in 1941 in an effort to develop an improved method of treatment of breast cancer. Reasons have been given for the adoption of the present method. It should be noted that simple mastectomy...

Breed Susceptibility for Developmental Orthopedic Diseases in Dogs

A large-scale epidemiological study was conducted to determine breeds at risk for 12 developmental orthopedic diseases (DODs). Developmental orthopedic diseases investigated included canine hip dysplasia (CHD); craniomandibular osteopathy (CMO); fragmented...

Bilayer Phosphorene: Effect of Stacking Order on Bandgap and its Potential Applications in Thin-Film Solar Cells

Phosphorene, a monolayer of black phosphorus, is promising for nanoelectronic applications not only because it is a natural p-type semiconductor but also because it possesses a layer-number-dependent direct bandgap (in the range of 0.3...

Deriving Hounsfield units using grey levels in cone beam computed tomography

Objectives: An in vitro study was performed to investigate the relationship between grey levels in dental cone beam CT (CBCT) and Hounsfield units (HU) in CBCT scanners. Methods: A phantom containing 8 different materials of known composition and density...

Cytochrome P450 Enzymes

Cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes play dominant roles in the metabolism of toxic chemicals, as well as drugs, steroids, and several other important groups of compounds. The human genome contains 57 P450 ( CYP ) genes, about one-fourth of which can play potential...

« Prev. Next »
First ... 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 ... Last

© 2016-2018 CiteWeb.info — WorldWeb citation database

Up ↑