CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 2012

Page 6
Guidelines on Prostate Cancer

Axel Heidenreich, Michel Bolla, Steven Joniau, Vsevolod Matveev, Nicolas Mottet, Thomas Wiegel, Filiberto Zattoni

New Sonographic Criteria for Recommending Fine-Needle Aspiration Biopsy of Nonpalpable Solid Nodules of the Thyroid

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of our study was to provide new sonographic criteria for fine-needle aspiration biopsy of nonpalpable solid thyroid nodules.MATERIALS AND METHODS. Sonographic scans of 155 nonpalpable thyroid nodules in 132 patients were prospectively...

Tidal Volume Reduction for Prevention of Ventilator-induced Lung Injury in Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome

Because animal studies have demonstrated that mechanical ventilation at high volume and pressure can be deleterious to the lungs, limitation of airway pressure, allowing hypercapnia if necessary, is already used for ventilation of acute respiratory distress...

Muscles, exercise and obesity: skeletal muscle as a secretory organ

During the past decade, skeletal muscle has been identified as a secretory organ. Accordingly, we have suggested that cytokines and other peptides that are produced, expressed and released by muscle fibres and exert either autocrine, paracrine or endocrine...

Correlates of physical activity: why are some people physically active and others not?

SummaryPhysical inactivity is an important contributor to non-communicable diseases in countries of high income, and increasingly so in those of low and middle income. Understanding why people are physically active or inactive contributes to evidence-based...

Porphyrin-sensitized solar cells

Nature has chosen chlorophylls in plants as antennae to harvest light for the conversion of solar energy in complicated photosynthetic processes. Inspired by natural photosynthesis, scientists utilized artificial chlorophylls – the porphyrins – as...

Normal polysomnographic values for children and adolescents

Although polysomnography is routinely performed to evaluate children and adolescents with sleep-disordered breathing, normal polysomnographic values for the pediatric age group have not yet been established. We therefore performed overnight polysomnography...

Experimental adaptation of an influenza H5 HA confers respiratory droplet transmission to a reassortant H5 HA/H1N1 virus in ferrets

Highly pathogenic avian H5N1 influenza A viruses occasionally infect humans, but currently do not transmit efficiently among humans. The viral haemagglutinin (HA) protein is a known host-range determinant as it mediates virus binding to hostspecific cellular...

Submerged aquatic vegetation in relation to different nutrient regimes

Submerged vegetation respond to increased nutrient loading through a shift from slow-growing seagrasses and large macroalgae to fast-growing macroalgae, and the ultimate dominance of phytoplankton at high nutrient loadings. This shift reflects a change...

Systemic oxidative stress in asthma, COPD, and smokers.

An imbalance between oxidants and antioxidants is proposed in smokers and in patients with airways diseases. We tested this hypothesis by measuring the Trolox equivalent antioxidant capacity (TEAC) of plasma and the levels of products of lipid peroxidation...

The Attention System of the Human Brain: 20 Years After

Here, we update our 1990 Annual Review of Neuroscience article, “The Attention System of the Human Brain.” The framework presented in the original article has helped to integrate behavioral, systems, cellular, and molecular approaches to common problems...

A Macroeconomic Model with a Financial Sector

This paper studies the full equilibrium dynamics of an economy with nancial frictions. Due to highly non-linear amplication eects, the economy is prone to instability and occasionally enters volatile episodes. Risk is endogenous and asset price correlations...

Budesonide/Formoterol Combination Therapy as Both Maintenance and Reliever Medication in Asthma

Asthma control is improved by combining inhaled corticosteroids with long-acting β2-agonists. However, fluctuating asthma control still occurs. We hypothesized that in patients receiving low maintenance dose budesonide/formoterol (bud/form), replacing...

Upconversion nanophosphors for small-animal imaging

Rare-earth upconversion nanophosphors (UCNPs), when excited by continuous-wave near-infrared light, exhibit a unique narrow photoluminescence with higher energy. Such special upconversion luminescence makes UCNPs promising as bioimaging probes with attractive...

Dividend Policy: An Empirical Analysis

Starting with the “partial adjustment model” suggested by Lintner [10, 11], this paper examines the dividend policies of individual firms. The Lintner model, in which the change in dividends from year t-1 to year t is regressed on a constant, the...

Tumor microenvironment induces innate RAF-inhibitor resistance through HGF secretion

Ravid Straussman, Teppei Morikawa, Kevin Shee, Michal Barzily-Rokni, Zhi Rong Qian, Jinyan Du, Ashli Davis, Margaret M. Mongare, Joshua Gould, Dennie T. Frederick, Zachary A. Cooper, Paul B. Chapman, David B. Solit, Antoni Ribas, Roger S. Lo, Keith T. Flaherty, Shuji Ogino, Jennifer A. Wargo, Todd R. Golub

Drotrecogin alfa (activated) in adults with septic shock.

DrotAA did not significantly reduce mortality at 28 or 90 days, as compared with placebo, in patients with septic shock. (Funded by Eli Lilly; PROWESS-SHOCK ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT00604214.).

Postoperative radiotherapy after radical prostatectomy for high-risk prostate cancer: long-term results of a randomised controlled trial (EORTC trial 22911)

We report the long-term results of a trial of immediate postoperative irradiation versus a wait-and-see policy in patients with prostate cancer extending beyond the prostate, to confirm whether previously reported progression-free survival was sustained.

Chronic Cough: The Spectrum and Frequency of Causes, Key Components of the Diagnostic Evaluation, and Outcome of Specific Therapy

A successful, systematic, anatomic, diagnostic protocol for evaluating patients with chronic cough was presented in 1981. To determine whether it was still valid, we prospectively evaluated, over a 22-month interval, 102 consecutive and unselected immunocompetent...

The Economic Design of X Charts Used to Maintain Current Control of a Process

This paper establishes a criterion that measures approximately the average net income of a process under surveillance of an X chart when the process is subject to random shifts in the process mean. The quality control rule assumed is that an assignable...

Researching the visual

This exciting Second Edition provides an overview of the field of visual research by drawing on the contributions of traditions as diverse as semiotics, ethnomethodology, symbolic interactionism and material culture studies and by demonstrating their...

Nosocomial pneumonia in patients receiving continuous mechanical ventilation : Prospective analysis of 52 episodes with use of a protected specimen brush and quantitative culture techniques

Epidemiologic studies of nosocomial bacterial pneumonia in patients requiring mechanical ventilation have been limited because of the poor reliability of diagnosis procedures in this setting. To determine prognostic and descriptive factors of ventilator-associated...

An improved Greengenes taxonomy with explicit ranks for ecological and evolutionary analyses of bacteria and archaea

Reference phylogenies are crucial for providing a taxonomic framework for interpretation of marker gene and metagenomic surveys, which continue to reveal novel species at a remarkable rate. Greengenes is a dedicated full-length 16S rRNA gene database...

Performance comparison of benchtop high-throughput sequencing platforms

Three benchtop high-throughput sequencing instruments are now available. The 454 GS Junior (Roche), MiSeq (Illumina) and Ion Torrent PGM (Life Technologies) are laser-printer sized and offer modest set-up and running costs. Each instrument can generate...

A Nonlinear Analysis Method for Performance‐Based Seismic Design

A relatively simple nonlinear method for the seismic analysis of structures (the N2 method) is presented. It combines the pushover analysis of a multi‐degree‐of‐freedom (MDOF) model with the response spectrum analysis of an equivalent single‐degree‐of‐freedom...

Hydroxyethyl Starch or Saline for Fluid Resuscitation in Intensive Care

BackgroundThe safety and efficacy of hydroxyethyl starch (HES) for fluid resuscitation have not been fully evaluated, and adverse effects of HES on survival and renal function have been reported. MethodsWe randomly assigned 7000 patients who had been...

A review and synthesis of the first 20 years of PET and fMRI studies of heard speech, spoken language and reading

The anatomy of language has been investigated with PET or fMRI for more than 20 years. Here I attempt to provide an overview of the brain areas associated with heard speech, speech production and reading. The conclusions of many hundreds of studies were...

Education and power

Michael W. Apple

Design aspects of network assisted device-to-device communications

Device-to-device (D2D) communications underlaying a cellular infrastructure has been proposed as a means of taking advantage of the physical proximity of communicating devices, increasing resource utilization, and improving cellular coverage. Relative...

Comparison of Next-Generation Sequencing Systems

With fast development and wide applications of next-generation sequencing (NGS) technologies, genomic sequence information is within reach to aid the achievement of goals to decode life mysteries, make better crops, detect pathogens, and improve life...

Frontal EEG asymmetry moderates the effects of stressful life events on internalizing symptoms in children at familial risk for depression

This study examined whether frontal alpha electroencephalographic (EEG) asymmetry moderates the association between stressful life events and depressive symptoms in children at familial risk for depression. Participants included 135 children ages 6 to...

A Basis for the Selection of a Response Surface Design

The general problem is considered of choosing a design such that (a) the polynomial f(ξ) = f(ξ1, ξ2, · · ·, ξ k ) in the k continuous variables ξ' = (ξ1, ξ2, · · ·, ξ k ) fitted by the method of least squares most closely represents the...

Electrode Materials for Rechargeable Sodium‐Ion Batteries: Potential Alternatives to Current Lithium‐Ion Batteries

Lithium (Li)-ion batteries (LIB) have governed the current worldwide rechargeable battery market due to their outstanding energy and power capability. In particular, the LIB’s role in enabling electric vehicles (EVs) has been highlighted to replace...

Definition and Impact of Pathologic Complete Response on Prognosis After Neoadjuvant Chemotherapy in Various Intrinsic Breast Cancer Subtypes

Purpose The exact definition of pathologic complete response (pCR) and its prognostic impact on survival in intrinsic breast cancer subtypes is uncertain. Methods Tumor response at surgery and its association with long-term outcome of 6,377 patients with...

The Kaldi Speech Recognition Toolkit

Daniel Povey, Arnab Ghoshal, Gilles Boulianne, Ondrej Glembek, Nagendra Goel, Mirko Hannemann, Petr Motlicek, Yanmin Qian, Petr Schwarz, Jan Silovsky, Georg Stemmer, Karel Vesely

ROBUST MODELING WITH ERRATIC DATA

An attractive alternative to least‐squares data modeling techniques is the use of absolute value error criteria. Unlike the least‐squares techniques the inclusion of some infinite blunders along with the data will hardly affect the solution to an...

Femtocells: Past, Present, and Future

Femtocells, despite their name, pose a potentially large disruption to the carefully planned cellular networks that now connect a majority of the planet's citizens to the Internet and with each other. Femtocells - which by the end of 2010 already outnumbered...

Making Social Science Matter

If we want to empower and re-enchant social scientific research, we need to do three things. First, we must drop all pretence, however indirect, at emulating the success of the natural sciences in producing cumulative and predictive theory, for their...

The Probability Plot Correlation Coefficient Test for Normality

This paper introdLlces the normal probability plot correlation coefficient as a test statistic in complete samples for the composite hypothesis of normality. The proposed test statistic is conceptnally simple, is compntationally convenient, and is readily...

Ischemia–Reperfusion–induced Lung Injury

Ischemia–reperfusion–induced lung injury is characterized by nonspecific alveolar damage, lung edema, and hypoxemia occurring within 72 hours after lung transplantation. The most severe form may lead to primary graft failure and remains a significant...

Mitochondrial Fission, Fusion, and Stress

Mitochondria—the powerhouses of the cell—are autonomous organelles with their own genomes. Within cells, mitochondria are remarkably dynamic, continually moving around the cytoplasm and undergoing fusion and fission reactions. Youle and van der Bliek...

From Utterance to Text: The Bias of Language in Speech and Writing

In this far-ranging essay David Olson attempts to reframe current controversies over several aspects of language, including meaning, comprehension, acquisition, reading, and reasoning. Olson argues that in all these cases the conflicts are rooted in differing...

Oral literature in Africa

This revised edition makes Finnegan’s ground-breaking research available to the next generation of scholars. It includes a new introduction, additional images and an updated bibliography, as well as its original chapters on poetry, prose, "drum language”...

IMPROVING THE NUMERICAL PERFORMANCE OF STATIC AND DYNAMIC AGGREGATE DISCRETE CHOICE RANDOM COEFFICIENTS DEMAND ESTIMATION

The widely used estimator of Berry, Levinsohn, and Pakes (1995) produces estimates of consumer preferences from a discrete-choice demand model with random coefficients, market-level demand shocks, and endogenous prices. We derive numerical theory results...

A Landscape of Driver Mutations in Melanoma

SummaryDespite recent insights into melanoma genetics, systematic surveys for driver mutations are challenged by an abundance of passenger mutations caused by carcinogenic UV light exposure. We developed a permutation-based framework to address this challenge,...

Metal Oxide Hollow Nanostructures for Lithium‐ion Batteries

Zhiyu Wang, Liang Zhou, Xiong Wen (David) Lou

Tests of the Hypothesis That a Linear Regression System Obeys Two Separate Regimes

Several approaches are explored for testing the hypothesis that no switch has occurred in the true values of the parameters of a linear regression system. The distribution of the relevant likelihood ratio λ is analyzed on the basis of the empirical distribution...

Trevo versus Merci retrievers for thrombectomy revascularisation of large vessel occlusions in acute ischaemic stroke (TREVO 2): a randomised trial

Summary Background Present mechanical devices are unable to achieve recanalisation in up to 20–40% of large vessel occlusion strokes. We compared effi cacy and safety of the Trevo Retriever, a new stent-like device, with its US Food and Drug Administration-cleared...

Non-Gaussian State—Space Modeling of Nonstationary Time Series

A non-Gaussian state—space approach to the modeling of nonstationary time series is shown. The model is expressed in state—space form, where the system noise and the observational noise are not necessarily Gaussian. Recursive formulas of prediction,...

Performance and Reliability Analysis of Computer Systems: An Example-Based Approach Using the SHARPE Software Package

Performance and Reliability Analysis of Computer Systems: An Example-Based Approach Using the SHARPE Software Package provides a variety of probabilistic, discrete-state models used to assess the reliability and performance of computer and communication...

Using Degradation Measures to Estimate a Time-to-Failure Distribution

Some life tests result in few or no failures. In such cases, it is difficult to assess reliability with traditional life tests that record only time to failure. For some devices, it is possible to obtain degradation measurements over time, and these measurements...

RET, ROS1 and ALK fusions in lung cancer

Kengo Takeuchi, Manabu Soda, Yuki Togashi, Ritsuro Suzuki, Seiji Sakata, Satoko Hatano, Reimi Asaka, Wakako Hamanaka, Hironori Ninomiya, Hirofumi Uehara, Young Lim Choi, Yukitoshi Satoh, Sakae Okumura, Ken Nakagawa, Hiroyuki Mano, Yuichi Ishikawa

Tietz textbook of clinical chemistry and molecular diagnostics

Carl A. Burtis, Edward R. Ashwood, David E. Bruns, N W Tietz

Use of Cumulative Sums of Squares for Retrospective Detection of Changes of Variance

This article studies the problem of multiple change points in the variance of a sequence of independent observations. We propose a procedure to detect variance changes based on an iterated cumulative sums of squares (ICSS) algorithm. We study the properties...

Face detection, pose estimation, and landmark localization in the wild

We present a unified model for face detection, pose estimation, and landmark estimation in real-world, cluttered images. Our model is based on a mixtures of trees with a shared pool of parts; we model every facial landmark as a part and use global mixtures...

Approaching a state shift in Earth/'s biosphere

Anthony D. Barnosky, Elizabeth A. Hadly, Jordi Bascompte, Eric L. Berlow, James H. Brown, Mikael Fortelius, John Harte, Alan Hastings, Pablo A. Marquet, Neo D. Martinez, Arne Ø. Mooers, Peter D. Roopnarine, Geerat J. Vermeij, John W. Williams, Rosemary G. Gillespie, Justin Kitzes, Charles Marshall, Nicholas J. Matzke, David P. Mindell, Eloy Revilla, Adam B. Smith

Association between omega-3 fatty acid supplementation and risk of major cardiovascular disease events: a systematic review and meta-analysis

Context Considerable controversy exists regarding the association of omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) and major cardiovascular end points.Objective To assess the role of omega-3 supplementation on major cardiovascular outcomes.Data Sources...

The mutational landscape of lethal castration-resistant prostate cancer

Characterization of the prostate cancer transcriptome and genome has identified chromosomal rearrangements and copy number gains and losses, including ETS gene family fusions, PTEN loss and androgen receptor (AR) amplification, which drive prostate cancer...

A Procedure for Objective Respondent Selection within the Household

In modern survey methods growing emphasis is placed on the objective selection of the sample. For surveys of the general population, increasing use is made of area sampling to obtain probability samples of households. Heretofore, scant attention has been...

Probabilistic reasoning in expert systems: theory and algorithms

This text is a reprint of the seminal 1989 book Probabilistic Reasoning in Expert systems: Theory and Algorithms, which helped serve to create the field we now call Bayesian networks. It introduces the properties of Bayesian networks (called causal networks...

Gold nanoparticles in biomedical applications: recent advances and perspectives

Gold nanoparticles (GNPs) with controlled geometrical, optical, and surface chemical properties are the subject of intensive studies and applications in biology and medicine. To date, the ever increasing diversity of published examples has included genomics...

Support Vector Machines for Pattern Classification

A guide on the use of SVMs in pattern classification, including a rigorous performance comparison of classifiers and regressors. The book presents architectures for multiclass classification and function approximation problems, as well as evaluation criteria...

The Next GME Accreditation System — Rationale and Benefits

The American Council of Graduate Medical Education is moving from accrediting residency programs every 5 years to a new system for the annual evaluation of trends in measures of performance.

A review on the visible light active titanium dioxide photocatalysts for environmental applications

Fujishima and Honda (1972) demonstrated the potential of titanium dioxide (TiO2) semiconductor materials to split water into hydrogen and oxygen in a photo-electrochemical cell. Their work triggered the development of semiconductor photocatalysis for...

FREAK: Fast Retina Keypoint

A large number of vision applications rely on matching keypoints across images. The last decade featured an arms-race towards faster and more robust keypoints and association algorithms: Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT)[17], Speed-up Robust Feature...

Prevalence and characteristics of nutritional depletion in patients with stable COPD eligible for pulmonary rehabilitation.

Prevalence and characteristics of nutritional depletion were established by body composition measurements in 255 COPD patients in stable clinical condition admitted to a pulmonary rehabilitation center. Depletion of body weight, fat-free mass (using bioelectrical...

Guidelines on the management of valvular heart disease (version 2012) The Joint Task Force on the Management of Valvular Heart Disease of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC) and the European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery (EACTS)

Alec Vahanian, Ottavio Alfieri, Felicita Andreotti, Manuel J. Antunes, Gonzalo Barón-Esquivias, Helmut Baumgartner, Michael A. Borger, Thierry Carrel, Michele De Bonis, Arturo Evangelista, Volkmar Falk, Bernard Iung, Patrizio Lancellotti, Luc Pierard, Hans-Joachim Schäfers, Gerhard Schuler, Janina Stępińska, Karl Swedberg, Ulrich Von Oppell, Stephan Windecker, Jose Luis Zamorano, Marian Zembala, Jeroen J. Bax, Claudio Ceconi, Veronica Dean, Christi Deaton, Robert Fagard, Christian Funck-Brentano, David Hasdai, Paulus Kirchhof, Juhani Knuuti, Philippe Kolh, Theresa McDonagh, Cyril Moulin, Bogdan A. Popescu, Željko Reiner, Udo Sechtem, Per Anton Sirnes, Michal Tendera, Adam Torbicki, Document Reviewers, Matjaž Bunc, M. Claeys, Niksa Drinkovic, Gerasimos Filippatos, Gilbert Habib, A. Pieter Kappetein, Roland Kassab, Gregory Y.H. Lip, Neil Moat

A Method for Comparing Two Hierarchical Clusterings

This article concerns the derivation and use of a measure of similarity between two hierarchical clusterings. The measure, Bk , is derived from the matching matrix, [mij ], formed by cutting the two hierarchical trees and counting the number of matching...

Double-blind, Placebo-controlled Trial of Pirfenidone in Patients with Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) is a fatal disorder without an effective therapy to date. In a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial, 107 patients were prospectively evaluated for efficacy of a novel compound, pirfenidone. The difference...

医学インフラマソームを介した腸内細菌叢異常(dysbiosis)はNAFLDおよび肥満の進行を調節する

Jorge Henao-Mejia, Eran Elinav, Chengcheng Jin, Liming Hao, Wajahat Z. Mehal, Till Strowig, Christoph A. Thaiss, Andrew L. Kau, Stephanie C. Eisenbarth, Michael J. Jurczak, João-Paulo G. Camporez, Gerald I. Shulman, Jeffrey I. Gordon, Hal M. Hoffman, Richard A. Flavell

Diagnostic Exome Sequencing in Persons with Severe Intellectual Disability

de Ligt, Joep Willemsen, Marjolein H van Bon, Bregje W M Kleefstra, Tjitske Yntema, Helger G Kroes, Thessa Vulto-van Silfhout, Anneke T Koolen, David A de Vries, Petra Gilissen, Christian del Rosario, Marisol Hoischen, Alexander Scheffer, Hans de Vries,...

Synthesis and facet-dependent photoreactivity of BiOCl single-crystalline nanosheets.

BiOCl single-crystalline nanosheets with exposed {001} and {010} facets were selectively synthesized via a facile hydrothermal route. The resulting BiOCl single-crystalline nanosheets with exposed {001} facets exhibited higher activity for direct semiconductor...

Towards automated crystallographic structure refinement with phenix.refine

phenix.refine is a program within the PHENIX package that supports crystallographic structure refinement against experimental data with a wide range of upper resolution limits using a large repertoire of model parameterizations. It has several automation...

New Trade Models, Same Old Gains?

Micro-level data have had a profound influence on research in international trade over the last ten years. In many regards, this research agenda has been very successful. New stylized facts have been uncovered and new trade models have been developed...

Graphene Quantum Dots Derived from Carbon Fibers

Graphene quantum dots (GQDs), which are edge-bound nanometer-size graphene pieces, have fascinating optical and electronic properties. These have been synthesized either by nanolithography or from starting materials such as graphene oxide (GO) by the...

A restricted cell population propagates glioblastoma growth after chemotherapy

Jian Chen, Yanjiao Li, Tzong-Shiue Yu, Renée M. McKay, Dennis K. Burns, Steven G. Kernie, Luis F. Parada

Are we ready for autonomous driving? The KITTI vision benchmark suite

Today, visual recognition systems are still rarely employed in robotics applications. Perhaps one of the main reasons for this is the lack of demanding benchmarks that mimic such scenarios. In this paper, we take advantage of our autonomous driving platform...

2012 ACCF/AHA Focused Update of the Guideline for the Management of Patients With Unstable Angina/Non–ST-Elevation Myocardial Infarction (Updating the 2007 Guideline and Replacing the 2011 Focused Update) A Report of the American College of Cardiol

Hani Jneid, Jeffrey L. Anderson, R. Scott Wright, Cynthia D. Adams, Charles R. Bridges, Donald E. Casey, Steven M. Ettinger, Francis M. Fesmire, Theodore G. Ganiats, A. Michael Lincoff, Eric D. Peterson, George J. Philippides, Pierre Théroux, Nanette K. Wenger, James P. Zidar

Intramolecular vibrational redistribution: from high-resolution spectra to real-time dynamics

Intramolecular vibrational redistribution is a fundamental phenomenon observed in polyatomic molecules when sufficiently excited vibrationally. In this paper, results mostly from the last two decades of research on this subject are summarized, obtained...

The Hat Matrix in Regression and ANOVA

In least-squares fitting it is important to understand the influence which a data y value will have on each fitted y value. A projection matrix known as the hat matrix contains this information and, together with the Studentized residuals, provides a...

Simple Models for the Analysis of Association in Cross-Classifications Having Ordered Categories

A class of models is proposed for the analysis of association in a contingency table with ordered rows and ordered columns. Association is measured in terms of the odds-ratios in 2 × 2 subtables formed from adjacent rows and adjacent columns. This class...

Annealing Markov chain Monte Carlo with applications to ancestral inference

Markov chain Monte Carlo (MCMC; the Metropolis-Hastings algorithm) has been used for many statistical problems, including Bayesian inference, likelihood inference, and tests of significance. Though the method generally works well, doubts about convergence...

An Official American Thoracic Society/European Respiratory Society Statement: Pulmonary Function Testing in Preschool Children

Nicole Beydon, Stephanie D. Davis, Enrico Lombardi, Julian L. Allen, H.G.M. Arets, Paul Aurora, Hans Bisgaard, G. Michael Davis, Francine M. Ducharme, Howard Eigen, Monika Gappa, Claude Gaultier, Per Gustafsson, Zoltán Hantos, Michael Healy, Marcus H. Jones, Bent Klug, Karin C. Lødrup Carlsen, Sheila A. McKenzie, Françcois Marchal, Oscar H. Mayer, P.J.F.M. Merkus, Mohy G. Morris, Ellie Oostveen, J. Jane Pillow, Michael Silverman, Peter D. Sly, Janet Stocks, Robert S. Tepper, Daphna Vilozni

Handbook of pulsar astronomy

D. R. Lorimer, M. Krämer

Quantum simulations with ultracold quantum gases

Calculate or simulate? Predicting the evolution of a multicomponent system is often a challenge that can be solved either by direct mathematical analysis or by a device that simulates its behaviour. In many cases the latter approach may offer a faster...

Incidence and Prevalence of Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Rationale: Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis is a chronic interstitial lung disease of unknown etiology; its epidemiology in the United States has not been well characterized.Objective: To estimate the annual incidence and prevalence of idiopathic pulmonary...

Knowledge translation of research findings

One of the most consistent findings from clinical and health services research is the failure to translate research into practice and policy. As a result of these evidence-practice and policy gaps, patients fail to benefit optimally from advances in healthcare...

P2-type Nax[Fe1/2Mn1/2]O2 made from earth-abundant elements for rechargeable Na batteries

Naoaki Yabuuchi, Masataka Kajiyama, Junichi Iwatate, Heisuke Nishikawa, Shuji Hitomi, Ryoichi Okuyama, Ryo Usui, Yasuhiro Yamada, Shinichi Komaba

Mitochondria: in sickness and in health.

Mitochondria perform diverse yet interconnected functions, producing ATP and many biosynthetic intermediates while also contributing to cellular stress responses such as autophagy and apoptosis. Mitochondria form a dynamic, interconnected network that...

Spanner: Google's globally-distributed database

Spanner is Google's scalable, multi-version, globally-distributed, and synchronously-replicated database. It is the first system to distribute data at global scale and support externally-consistent distributed transactions. This paper describes how Spanner...

Adjusting for Nonignorable Drop-Out Using Semiparametric Nonresponse Models

Consider a study whose design calls for the study subjects to be followed from enrollment (time t = 0) to time t = T, at which point a primary endpoint of interest Y is to be measured. The design of the study also calls for measurements...

Contemporary Sociological Theory

George Ritzer, William Yagatich

Diversity, stability and resilience of the human gut microbiota

Trillions of microbes inhabit the human intestine, forming a complex ecological community that influences normal physiology and susceptibility to disease through its collective metabolic activities and host interactions. Understanding the factors that...

Smart Grid — The New and Improved Power Grid: A Survey

The Smart Grid, regarded as the next generation power grid, uses two-way flows of electricity and information to create a widely distributed automated energy delivery network. In this article, we survey the literature till 2011 on the enabling technologies...

The Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease Exacerbations by Salmeterol/Fluticasone Propionate or Tiotropium Bromide

Rationale: Exacerbations are key drivers of morbidity and mortality in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).Objectives: We compared the relative efficacy of the long-acting inhaled bronchodilator/antiinflammatory combination (salmeterol/fluticasone...

Targeted data extraction of the MS/MS spectra generated by data independent acquisition: a new concept for consistent and accurate proteome analysis

Ludovic C. Gillet, Pedro Cabrera Navarro, Stephen A. Tate, Hannes L. Röst, Nathalie Selevsek, Lukas Reiter, Ron Bonner, Ruedi Aebersold

A survey of information-centric networking

The information-centric networking (ICN) concept is a significant common approach of several future Internet research activities. The approach leverages in-network caching, multiparty communication through replication, and interaction models decoupling...

On Bayesian Modeling of Fat Tails and Skewness

We consider a Bayesian analysis of linear regression models that can account for skewed error distributions with fat tails. The latter two features are often observed characteristics of empirical datasets, and we formally incorporate them in the inferential...

Comparisons between different polychemotherapy regimens for early breast cancer: meta-analyses of long-term outcome among 100,000 women in 123 randomised trials.

Richard Peto, C Davies, John Godwin, Richard Gray, M Clarke, D Cutter, Sarah C. Darby, Paul McGale, C J Taylor, Yue Wang, Jonas Bergh, Angelo Di Leo, Kathy S. Albain, S Swain, Martine Piccart-Gebhart, Kathleen I. Pritchard

Racial Differences in Exposure and Reactivity to Daily Family Stressors

and physical symptoms associated with family arguments lasted into the next day. The findings provide evidence for racial similarities and differences, suggesting that family relationships are universally stressful, whereas the negative effects of family...

The human microbiome: at the interface of health and disease

Interest in the role of the microbiome in human health has burgeoned over the past decade with the advent of new technologies for interrogating complex microbial communities. The large-scale dynamics of the microbiome can be described by many of the tools...

Intraaortic Balloon Support for Myocardial Infarction with Cardiogenic Shock

In this randomized, prospective, open-label, multicenter trial, we randomly assigned 600 patients with cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction to intraaortic balloon counterpulsation (IABP group, 301 patients) or no intraaortic balloon...

A Universal Method to Produce Low–Work Function Electrodes for Organic Electronics

To operate efficiently, organic devices—such as light-emitting diodes—require electrodes that emit or take up electrons at low applied voltages (that is, have low work functions). Often these electrodes are metals, such as calcium, that are not stable...

Risk of Natalizumab-Associated Progressive Multifocal Leukoencephalopathy

Background Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) is associated with natalizumab treatment. We quantified the risk of PML in patients with multiple sclerosis, according to the presence or absence of three risk factors: positive status with respect...

Mapping the hallmarks of lung adenocarcinoma with massively parallel sequencing.

Lung adenocarcinoma, the most common subtype of non-small cell lung cancer, is responsible for more than 500,000 deaths per year worldwide. Here, we report exome and genome sequences of 183 lung adenocarcinoma tumor/normal DNA pairs. These analyses revealed...

Predictions of Channel and Boundary-Layer Flows with a Low-Reynolds-Number Turbulence Model

2~5 However, the effects of the kinematic viscosity on the turbulence structure were ignored in many of these treatments. Consequently, the exact boundary conditions at the wall cannot be used when the turbulence Reynolds number is not high as, e.g.,...

AD Model Builder: using automatic differentiation for statistical inference of highly parameterized complex nonlinear models

Many criteria for statistical parameter estimation, such as maximum likelihood, are formulated as a nonlinear optimization problem. Automatic Differentiation Model Builder (ADMB) is a programming framework based on automatic differentiation, aimed at...

The political economy of terrorism

The Political Economy of Terrorism presents a widely accessible political economy approach to the study of terrorism. It applies economic methodology – theoretical and empirical – combined with political analysis and realities to the study of domestic...

CRITICAL QUESTIONS FOR BIG DATA

The era of Big Data has begun. Computer scientists, physicists, economists, mathematicians, political scientists, bio-informaticists, sociologists, and other scholars are clamoring for access to the massive quantities of information produced by and about...

Non-targeted and Delayed Effects of Exposure to Ionizing Radiation: I. Radiation-Induced Genomic Instability and Bystander Effects In Vitro

Morgan, W. Non-targeted and Delayed Effects of Exposure to Ionizing Radiation: I. Radiation-Induced Genomic Instability and Bystander Effects In Vitro. Radiat. Res. 159, 567–580 (2003). A long-standing dogma in the radiation sciences is that energy...

« Prev. Next »
First ... 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 ... Last

© 2016 CiteWeb.info — WorldWeb citation database

Up ↑