# Publications in 2012

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RGB-D cameras (such as the Microsoft Kinect) are novel sensing systems that capture RGB images along with per-pixel depth information. In this paper we investigate how such cameras can be used for building dense 3D maps of indoor environments. Such maps...

Objective: To determine whether hospitals with a good organisation of care (such as improved nurse staffing and work environments) can affect patient care and nurse workforce stability in European countries.Design: Cross sectional surveys of patients...

The American Cancer Society (ACS) publishes Nutrition and Physical Activity Guidelines to serve as a foundation for its communication, policy, and community strategies and, ultimately, to affect dietary and physical activity patterns among Americans....

article i nfo Functional near-infrared spectroscopy Functional near-infrared topography Hemodynamic response Optical imaging Cortical activation This review is aimed at celebrating the upcoming 20th anniversary of the birth of human functional near- infrared...

When interdependence of disturbances is present in a regression model, the pattern of sample residuals contains information which is useful in prediction of post-sample drawings. This information, which is often overlooked, is exploited in the best linear...

We consider an estimation problem when only the k largest observations of a sample of size n are available. It is assumed that the underlying distribution function F belongs to the domain of attraction of a known extreme-value distribution and that k...

Gary J. Patti, Oscar Yanes, Gary Siuzdak

Background The consumption of beverages that contain sugar is associated with overweight, possibly because liquid sugars do not lead to a sense of satiety, so the consumption of other foods is not reduced. However, data are lacking to show that the replacement...

The transport of sand and dust by wind is a potent erosional force, creates sand dunes and ripples, and loads the atmosphere with suspended dust aerosols. This paper presents an extensive review of the physics of wind-blown sand and dust on Earth and...

Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β)/bone morphogenic protein (BMP) signaling is involved in a vast majority of cellular processes and is fundamentally important throughout life. TGF-β/BMPs have widely recognized roles in bone formation during mammalian...

Nanoporous organic polymer networks are a class of materials consisting solely of the lighter elements in the periodic table. These materials have potential uses in areas such as storage, separation, and catalysis. Here, we review the different classes...

Using criteria designed for invasive aspergillosis (IA) in patients with cancer, we aimed to determine the impact of IA in patients without malignancy in a medical intensive care unit (ICU). In this retrospective study, 127 patients out of 1,850 admissions...

We review several aspects of the analysis of time sequences, and concentrate on recent methods using concepts from the theory of nonlinear dynamical systems. In particular, we discuss problems in estimating attractor dimensions, entropies, and Lyapunov...

Lone cryptogenic fibrosing alveolitis (CFA) is a progressive interstitial lung disease, with a median survival of 3 to 6 yr from the onset of dyspnea. CFA can be subdivided into prognostically significant histopathologic patterns, including nonspecific...

David A. Lewis, Allison A. Curley, Jill R. Glausier, David W. Volk

Summary Higher-order chromosomal organization for transcription regulation is poorly understood in eukaryotes. Using genome-wide Chromatin Interaction Analysis with Paired-End-Tag sequencing (ChIA-PET), we mapped long-range chromatin interactions associated...

Diffuse panbronchiolitis (DPB) is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways with a high rate of mortality despite treatment with a combination of antibiotics and the use of supportive therapy such as oxygen administration. Low-dose erythromycin therapy...

Here, we discuss three RNA-based therapeutic technologies exploiting various oligonucleotides that bind to RNA by base pairing in a sequence-specific manner yet have different mechanisms of action and effects. RNA interference and antisense oligonucleotides...

We measured separate cosmic-ray electron and positron spectra with the Fermi Large Area Telescope. Because the instrument does not have an onboard magnet, we distinguish the two species by exploiting the Earth's shadow, which is offset in opposite directions...

Cheng Wang, Teng Zhang, Wenbin Lin

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) has a high mortality and is associated with significant morbidity. Prior outcome studies have focused predominant on short-term outcomes (6–12 months). We assessed longitudinal neurocognitive, emotional, and...

A large part of the excitement behind microfluidics is in its potential for producing practical devices, but surprisingly few lab-on-a-chip based technologies have been successfully introduced into the market. Here, we review current work in commercializing...

Rationale: Phosphodiesterase type 5 (PDE5) inhibition has been proposed for the treatment for pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH). Objective: This study compared adding sildenafil, a PDE5 inhibitor, to conventional treatment with the current practice...

Women’s empowerment and economic development are closely related: in one direction, development alone can play a major role in driving down inequality between men and women; in the other direction, empowering women may benefit development. Does this...

A technique for fitting multilinear and quasi-multilinear mathematical expressions or models to two-, three-, and many-dimensional data arrays is described. Principal component analysis and three-way PARAFAC factor analysis are examples of bilinear and...

Hypertension is a common complication of obstructive sleep apnea in adults. However, hypertension has not been studied systematically in children with the obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS). We therefore measured blood pressure (BP) during polysomnography...

A central function of the endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is to coordinate protein biosynthetic and secretory activities in the cell. Alterations in ER homeostasis cause accumulation of misfolded/unfolded proteins in the ER. To maintain ER homeostasis, eukaryotic...

Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the most common tumour type in both sexes combined in Western countries. Although screening programmes including the implementation of faecal occult blood test and colono ...

Answer questions and earn CME/CNECancer survivors are often highly motivated to seek information about food choices, physical activity, and dietary supplements to improve their treatment outcomes, quality of life, and overall survival. To address these...

Rationale: Evidence suggests that tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α plays an important role in the pathophysiology of sarcoidosis.Objectives: To assess the efficacy of infliximab in sarcoidosis.Methods: A phase 2, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled...

Andrzej S Nowak, Kevin R Collins

The main goal of this study was to investigate the potential of hyperspectral imaging in the near-infrared (NIR) range of 900–1700 nm for non-destructive prediction of chemical composition in lamb meat. Hyperspectral images were acquired for lamb samples...

SUMMARY RNA-binding proteins (RBPs) determine RNA fate from synthesis to decay. Employing two complementary protocols for covalent UV crosslinking of RBPs to RNA, we describe a systematic, unbiased, and comprehensive approach, termed ‘‘interactome...

This communication describes the development of a mild method for the cross-coupling of arylboronic acids with CF3I via the merger of photoredox and Cu catalysis. This method has been applied to the trifluoromethylation of electronically diverse aromatic...

Holger J. Schünemann, Roman Jaeschke, Deborah J. Cook, William F. Bria, Ali El-Solh, Armin Ernst, Bonnie Fahy, Michael K. Gould, Kathleen L. Horan, Jerry A. Krishnan, Constantine A. Manthous, Janet R. Maurer, Walter T. McNicholas, Andrew D Oxman, Gordon D. Rubenfeld, Gerard M. Turino, Gordon H. Guyatt

Drug delivery is an interdisciplinary and independent field of research and is gaining the attention of pharmaceutical researchers, medical doctors and industry. A safe and targeted drug delivery could improve the performance of some classic medicines...

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is the most common endocrine disorder in females, with a high prevalence. The etiology of this heterogeneous condition remains obscure, and its phenotype expression varies. Two widely cited previous ESHRE/ASRM sponsored...

Eduard Hergenreider, Susanne Heydt, Karine Tréguer, Thomas Boettger, Anton J.G. Horrevoets, Margot P. Scheffer, Achilleas S. Frangakis, Xiaoke Yin, Manuel Mayr, Thomas Braun, Carmen Urbich, Reinier A. Boon, Stefanie Dimmeler

Injectable hydrogels with biodegradability have in situ formability which in vitro/in vivo allows an effective and homogeneous encapsulation of drugs/cells, and convenient in vivo surgical operation in a minimally invasive way, causing smaller scar size...

Renaissance Washington, Neil O. Fishman

Takashi Kohno, Hitoshi Ichikawa, Yasushi Totoki, Masaki Hiramoto, Takao Nammo, Hiromi Sakamoto, Koji Tsuta, Koh Furuta, Yoko Shimada, Reika Iwakawa, Hideaki Ogiwara, Takahiro Oike, Masato Enari, Aaron J. Schetter, Hirokazu Okayama, Aage Haugen, Vidar Skaug, Suenori Chiku, Itaru Yamanaka, Yasuhito Arai, Shun-ichi Watanabe, Ikuo Sekine, Seishi Ogawa, Curtis C. Harris, Hitoshi Tsuda, Teruhiko Yoshida, Jun Yokota, Tatsuhiro Shibata

The genetic cause of intellectual disability in most patients is unclear because of the absence of morphological clues, information about the position of such genes, and suitable screening methods. Our aim was to identify de-novo variants in individuals...

This paper unifies and extends previously published characterizations of moving average, geometric moving average, and cumulative sum control chart procedures. It presents comparable characterizations of two procedures based on tests described but not...

Purpose – To analyze the direct effect of perceived value dimensions (monetary, convenience, social, emotional, conditional and epistemic value) on attitudinal and behavioral components of loyalty: commitment and behavioral intentions to use location‐based...

This paper proposes techniques to fabricate synthetic gecko foot-hairs as dry adhesives for future wall-climbing and surgical robots, and models for understanding the synthetic hair design issues. Two nanomolding fabrication techniques are proposed: the...

SUMMARY Discrete choice experiments (DCEs) have become a commonly used instrument in health economics. This paper updates a review of published papers between 1990 and 2000 for the years 2001–2008. Based on this previous review, and a number of other...

Panu Artimo, Manohar Jonnalagedda, Konstantin Arnold, Delphine Baratin, Gábor Csárdi, Edouard de Castro, Séverine Duvaud, Volker Flegel, Arnaud Fortier, Elisabeth Gasteiger, Aurélien Grosdidier, Céline Hernandez, Vassilios Ioannidis, Dmitry Kuznetsov, Robin Liechti, Sébastien Moretti, Khaled Mostaguir, Nicole Redaschi, Grégoire Rossier, Ioannis Xenarios, Heinz Stockinger

This paper proposes an empirical methodology to measure systemic risk. We associate the systemic risk of a financial institution with its contribution to the deterioration of the system capitalization that would be experienced in a crisis. In order to...

Sandra A. Graham-Bermann, Lana E. Castor, Laura E. Miller, Kathryn H. Howell

This paper is concerned with the problem of designing a stabilizing controller for a class of uncertain dynamical systems. The vector of uncertain parameters $q( \cdot )$ is time-varying, and its values $q(t)$ lie within a prespecified bounding set Q...

Peter Q. Eichacker, Eric Gerstenberger, Steven M. Banks, Xizhong Cui, Charles Natanson

Methods In the randomised, double-blind JUPITER trial, 17 603 men and women without previous cardiovascular disease or diabetes were randomly assigned to rosuvastatin 20 mg or placebo and followed up for up to 5 years for the primary endpoint (myocardial...

Matteo Carandini, David J. Heeger

tion with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) often blamed for this resurgence. Although a sub,qzbe aQ- stantial part of the increase may well be due to concomitant HIV infection, significant social, economic, and historical factors contributed to...

Book synopsis: Research Methods in Psychology has been substantially revised in its fourth edition. Continuing to offer enviable coverage of the research methods that psychology students at intermediate levels need to cover in their course, the textbook...

The proteins encoded by the two major breast cancer susceptibility genes, BRCA1 and BRCA2, work in a common pathway of genome protection. However, the two proteins work at different stages in the DNA damage response (DDR) and in DNA repair. BRCA1 is a...

In this work, unmodified carbon nanodots are demonstrated as novel and environmentally-friendly fluorescence probes for the sensing of Hg2+ and biothiols with high sensitivity and selectivity.

Techniques of fitting are said to be resistant when the result is not greatly altered in the case a small fraction of the data is altered: techniques of fitting are said to be robust of efficiency when their statistical efficiency remains high for conditions...

Responds to the widely‐reported methodological problems which have arisen in research into corporate social and environmental reporting. Reports on an attempt to build a database of UK company social and environmental disclosure. The motivation behind...

The problem of how complex quantum systems eventually come to rest lies at the heart of statistical mechanics. The maximum-entropy principle describes which quantum states can be expected in equilibrium, but not how closed quantum many-body systems dynamically...

This article describes a comprehensive meta- analysis that was conducted to estimate the prevalence of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD), as defined by the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disor- ders, fourth edition (DSM-IV)....

Rationale: Recent literature in mechanical ventilation includes strong evidence from randomized trials. Little information is available regarding the influence of these trials on usual clinical practice.Objectives: To describe current mechanical ventilation...

This paper studies the problem of simultaneously aligning a batch of linearly correlated images despite gross corruption (such as occlusion). Our method seeks an optimal set of image domain transformations such that the matrix of transformed images can...

A small number of rare, recurrent genomic copy number variants (CNVs) are known to substantially increase susceptibility to schizophrenia. As a consequence of the low fecundity in people with schizophrenia and other neurodevelopmental phenotypes to which...

We describe a simulation-based method of inference for parametric measurement error models in which the measurement error variance is known or at least well estimated. The method entails adding additional measurement error in known increments to the data,...

Veerle Rottiers, Anders M. Näär

Trevor J. Pugh, Shyamal Dilhan Weeraratne, Tenley C. Archer, Daniel A. Pomeranz Krummel, Daniel Auclair, James Bochicchio, Mauricio O. Carneiro, Scott L. Carter, Kristian Cibulskis, Rachel L. Erlich, Heidi Greulich, Michael S. Lawrence, Niall J. Lennon, Aaron McKenna, James Meldrim, Alex H. Ramos, Michael G. Ross, Carsten Russ, Erica Shefler, Andrey Sivachenko, Brian Sogoloff, Petar Stojanov, Pablo Tamayo, Jill P. Mesirov, Vladimir Amani, Natalia Teider, Soma Sengupta, Jessica Pierre Francois, Paul A. Northcott, Michael D. Taylor, Furong Yu, Gerald R. Crabtree, Amanda G. Kautzman, Stacey Gabriel, Gad Getz, Natalie Jäger, David T. Jones, Peter Lichter, Stefan M. Pfister, Thomas M. Roberts, Matthew Meyerson, Scott L. Pomeroy, Yoon-Jae Cho

Jagdeep Singh Chhokar, Felix C. Brodbeck, Robert J. House, Global Leadership

In the four regions (North America, Europe, Japan, and Asia Pacific) we examine, there are value premiums in average stock returns that, except for Japan, decrease with size. Except for Japan, there is return momentum everywhere, and spreads in average...

Tropospheric ozone can be dangerous to human health, can be harmful to vegetation, and is a major contributor to climate warming. Black carbon also has significant negative effects on health and air quality and causes warming of the atmosphere. Shindell...

Rationale: T-cell responses during tuberculosis (TB) help contain Mycobacterium tuberculosis in vivo but also cause collateral damage to host tissues. Immune regulatory mechanisms may limit this immunopathology, and suppressed cellular immune responses...

The relationship between biodiversity and the rapidly expanding research and policy field of ecosystem services is confused and is damaging efforts to create coherent policy. Using the widely accepted Convention on Biological Diversity definition of biodiversity...

Sonneveld, Pieter Schmidt-Wolf, Ingo G H van der Holt, Bronno El Jarari, Laila Bertsch, Uta Salwender, Hans Zweegman, Sonja Vellenga, Edo Broyl, Annemiek Blau, Igor W Weisel, Katja C Wittebol, Shulamiet Bos, Gerard M J Stevens-Kroef, Marian Scheid, Christof...

Cultured lung epithelial cells release antibacterial activity upon contact with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA), which is impaired in cystic fibrosis (CF). In order to identify the factors responsible for killing PA by a biochemical approach, we purified...

We consider the optimal packet scheduling problem in a single-user energy harvesting wireless communication system. In this system, both the data packets and the harvested energy are modeled to arrive at the source node randomly. Our goal is to adaptively...

�Neuronal oscillations are ubiquitous in the brain and may contribute to cognition in several ways: for example, by segregating information and organizing spike timing. Recent data show that delta, theta and gamma oscillations are specifically engaged...

Richard B. Berry, Rohit Budhiraja, Daniel J. Gottlieb, David Gozal, Conrad Iber, Carole L. Marcus, Mehra R, Sairam Parthasarathy, Quan Sf, Susan Redline, Kingman P. Strohl, Davidson Ward Sl, Michelle M. Tangredi

Groenen, M. A. M., Archibald, A. L., Uenishi, H., Tuggle, C. K., Takeuchi, Y., Rothschild, M. F., Rogel-Gaillard, C., Park, C., Milan, D., Megens, H-J., Li, S., Larkin, D. M., Kim, H., Frantz, L. A. F., Caccamo, M., Ahn, H., Aken, B. L., Anselmo, A.,...

Véronique Ouellet, Sébastien M. Labbé, Denis P. Blondin, Serge Phoenix, Brigitte Guérin, François Haman, Eric Turcotte, Denis Richard, André C. Carpentier

Gerald S. Falchook, Georgina V. Long, Razelle Kurzrock, Kevin B. Kim, Hendrik-Tobias Arkenau, Michael P. Brown, Omid Hamid, J. R. Infante, Michael Millward, Anna C. Pavlick, Steven J. O’Day, Samuel C. Blackman, C.M. Curtis, Peter F. Lebowitz, Bo Ma, Daniele Ouellet, Richard Kefford

In this tutorial review, the fundamental concepts underlying the principles of green and sustainable chemistry - atom and step economy and the E factor - are presented, within the general context of efficiency in organic synthesis. The importance of waste...

Shannon M. Bates, Ian A. Greer, Saskia Middeldorp, Anne-Marie Prabulos, Per Olav Vandvik

This paper summarizes the three robust feature detection methods: Scale Invariant Feature Transform (SIFT), Principal Component Analysis (PCA–SIFT) and Speeded Up Robust Features (SURF). This paper uses KNN (K-Nearest Neighbor) and Random Sample Consensus...

Propensity score matching refers to a class of multivariate methods used in comparative studies to construct treated and matched control samples that have similar distributions on many covariates. This matching is the observational study analog of randomization...

This article is concerned with predicting for Gaussian random fields in a way that appropriately deals with uncertainty in the covariance function. To this end, we analyze the best linear unbiased prediction procedure within a Bayesian framework. Particular...

Reduction of unnecessary energy consumption is becoming a major concern in wired networking, because of the potential economical benefits and of its expected environmental impact. These issues, usually referred to as "green networking", relate to embedding...

We propose uncertainty shocks as a new shock that drives business cycles. First, we demonstrate that microeconomic uncertainty is robustly countercyclical, rising sharply during recessions, particularly during the Great Recession of 2007-2009. Second,...

The receptor-interacting serine-threonine kinase 3 (RIP3) is a key signaling molecule in the programmed necrosis (necroptosis) pathway. This pathway plays important roles in a variety of physiological and pathological conditions, including development,...

Heat shock protein (Hsp) 90 is an ATP-dependent molecular chaperone that is exploited by malignant cells to support activated oncoproteins, including many cancer-associated kinases and transcription factors, and it is essential for oncogenic transformation....

Alec Vahanian, Ottavio Alfieri, Felicita Andreotti, Manuel J. Antunes, Gonzalo Barón-Esquivias, Helmut Baumgartner, Michael A. Borger, Thierry Carrel, M. De Bonis, Arturo Evangelista, Volkmar Falk, Bernard Iung, P. Lancellotti, Luc Pierard, Susanna Price, Hans-Joachim Schäfers, Gerhard Schuler, Janina Stępińska, Karl Swedberg, U. Von Oppell, Stephan Windecker, José Zamorano, Marian Zembala, Jeroen J. Bax, Claudio Ceconi, Christi Deaton, Robert Fagard, David Hasdai, Arno W. Hoes, Paulus Kirchhof, Juhani Knuuti, P. Kolh, Theresa McDonagh, Cyril Moulin, Bogdan A. Popescu, Zeljko Reiner, Sechtem U, Pa Sirnes, Michal Tendera, Adam Torbicki, Luigi P. Badano, M. Bunc, M. Claeys, Niksa Drinkovic, Gerasimos Filippatos, Gilbert Habib, Kappetein Ap, Roland Kassab, Gregory Y.H. Lip, Neil Moat

Background Dilated cardiomyopathy and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy arise from mutations in many genes. TTN, the gene encoding the sarcomere protein titin, has been insufficiently analyzed for cardiomyopathy mutations because of its enormous size. Methods...

This paper addresses the problem of large-scale image search. Three constraints have to be taken into account: search accuracy, efficiency, and memory usage. We first present and evaluate different ways of aggregating local image descriptors into a vector...

Supramolecular polymers, polymeric systems beyond the molecule, have attracted more and more attention from scientists due to their applications in various fields, including stimuli-responsive materials, healable materials, and drug delivery. Due to their...

A combined search for the Standard Model Higgs boson with the ATLAS experiment at the LHC using datasets corresponding to integrated luminosities from 1.04 fb−1 to 4.9 fb−1 of pp collisions collected at sqrt(s)=7 TeV is presented. The Higgs boson...

Background Questions persist concerning the comparative effectiveness of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary-artery bypass grafting (CABG). The American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) and the Society of Thoracic Surgeons (STS)...

This article describes a method of “grouping” and “collapsing” in using the Gibbs sampler and proves from an operator theory viewpoint that the method is in general beneficial. The norms of the forward operators associated with the corresponding...

Nanoparticle-based drug delivery systems have been developed to improve the efficacy and reduce the systemic toxicity of a wide range of drugs. Although clinically approved nanoparticles have consistently shown value in reducing drug toxicity, their use...

Patient AccessPatients and/or caregivers may access this content for use in relation to their own personal healthcare or that of a family member only. Terms and conditions will apply.

We propose a nonparametric method to perform functional principal components analysis for the case of sparse longitudinal data. The method aims at irregularly spaced longitudinal data, where the number of repeated measurements available per subject is...

The federal Healthy People 2020 initiative identified obesity as one of its leading health indicators and called for a reduction in the proportion of children and adolescents who are obese, but the United States has made little progress toward the target...

Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a disease of acute respiratory failure manifested by severe hypoxemia with a high mortality rate. Previous outcome studies of ARDS have assessed survival and/or pulmonary function as the primary outcome variables....

Hugen Yan, Xuesong Li, Bhupesh Chandra, George S. Tulevski, Yanqing Wu, Marcus Freitag, Wenjuan Zhu, Phaedon Avouris, Fengnian Xia

ERK1 and ERK2 are related protein-serine/threonine kinases that participate in the Ras-Raf-MEK-ERK signal transduction cascade. This cascade participates in the regulation of a large variety of processes including cell adhesion, cell cycle progression,...

The effects of respiration on upper airway caliber were studied using cine computed tomography (CT) in 15 normal subjects, 14 snorer/mildly apneic subjects, and 13 patients with obstructive sleep apnea. All sub­ jects were scanned in the supine position...

ENETS Consensus Guidelines for the Management of Patients with Liver and Other Distant Metastases from Neuroendocrine Neoplasms of Foregut, Midgut, Hindgut, and Unknown Primary

A major challenge of biology is understanding the relationship between molecular genetic variation and variation in quantitative traits, including fitness. This relationship determines our ability to predict phenotypes from genotypes and to understand...

Michael Oliver, Bob Sapey

The decision on whether or not to include a unit root in an autoregressive operator has profound implications. Formal tests for the presence of unit roots give analysts objective guidance in this decision. This article is a practical guide to the use...

The World Input-Output Database has been developed to analyse the effects of globalization on trade patterns, environmental pressures and socio-economic development across a wide set of countries. The database covers 27 EU countries and 13 other major...

David R. Holmes, Michael J. Mack, Sanjay Kaul, Arvind K. Agnihotri, Karen P. Alexander, Steven R. Bailey, John H. Calhoon, Blase A. Carabello, Milind Y. Desai, Fred H. Edwards, Gary S. Francis, Timothy J. Gardner, A. Pieter Kappetein, Jane A. Linderbaum, Chirojit Mukherjee, Debabrata Mukherjee, Carlos E. Ruiz, Ralph L. Sacco, Donnette Smith, James D. Thomas

Nutrition Board, Dan Glickman, Lynn Parker, Leslie J. Sim, Del Valle Cook H, Emily Ann Miller

Yajin Zhou, Zhi Wang, Wu Zhou, Xuxian Jiang

Edge detection is one of the most commonly used operations in image analysis, andthere are probably more algorithms in the literature for enhancing and detecting edgesthan any other single subject. The reason for this is that edges form the outline of...

The efforts to produce photocatalysts operating efficiently under visible light have led to a number of plasmonic photocatalysts, in which noble metal nanoparticles are deposited on the surface of polar semiconductor or insulator particles. In the metal–semiconductor...

The mixed model equations as presented by C. R. Henderson offers the base for a methodology that provides flexibility of fitting models with various fixed and random elements with the possible assumption of correlation among random effects. The advantage...

Approximate tests for a composite null hypothesis about a parameter θ may be obtained by referring a test statistic to an estimated critical value. Either asymptotic theory or bootstrap methods can be used to estimate the desired quantile. The simple...

Emerging organic contaminants (EOCs) detected in groundwater may have adverse effects on human health and aquatic ecosystems. This paper reviews the existing occurrence data in groundwater for a range of EOCs including pharmaceutical, personal care, ‘life-style’...

The extent to which birth defects after infertility treatment may be explained by underlying parental factors is uncertain.

In this article we develop the theoretical properties of the propensity function, which is a generalization of the propensity score of Rosenbaum and Rubin. Methods based on the propensity score have long been used for causal inference in observational...

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