CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 2012

Page 11
Bronchial Microbial Patterns in Severe Exacerbations of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Requiring Mechanical Ventilation

We carried out a comprehensive microbiological study of the upper and lower airways in patients with severe exacerbations of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) requiring mechanical ventilation in order to describe microbial patterns and analyze...

Effect of a Monoclonal Antibody to PCSK9 on LDL Cholesterol

Background Proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9), one of the serine proteases, binds to low-density lipoprotein (LDL) receptors, leading to their accelerated degradation and to increased LDL cholesterol levels. We report three phase 1 studies...

Increased Incidence of Asthmalike Symptoms in Girls Who Become Overweight or Obese during the School Years

The possibility of a causal relationship is suggested by recent concomitant increases in the prevalence of obesity and asthma. In a general population sample, prevalence and incidence of asthma symptoms, skin tests, and body mass index (BMI) were ascertained...

Fabrication of Single‐ and Multilayer MoS2 Film‐Based Field‐Effect Transistors for Sensing NO at Room Temperature

Hai Li, Zongyou Yin, Qiyuan He, Hong Li, Xiao Huang, Gang Lu, Derrick Wen Hui Fam, Alfred Iing Yoong Tok, Qing Zhang, Hua Zhang

Association Between a Chloride-Liberal vs Chloride-Restrictive Intravenous Fluid Administration Strategy and Kidney Injury in Critically Ill Adults

Context Administration of traditional chloride-liberal intravenous fluids may precipitate acute kidney injury (AKI).Objective To assess the association of a chloride-restrictive (vs chloride-liberal) intravenous fluid strategy with AKI in critically ill...

THE DIMENSIONAL FACT MODEL: A CONCEPTUAL MODEL FOR DATA WAREHOUSES

Data warehousing systems enable enterprise managers to acquire and integrate information from heterogeneous sources and to query very large databases efficiently. Building a data warehouse requires adopting design and implementation techniques completely...

Prevalence of chronic kidney disease in China: a cross-sectional survey

The prevalence of chronic kidney disease is high in developing countries. However, no national survey of chronic kidney disease has been done incorporating both estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) and albuminuria in a developing country with the...

Time Course of Sleep-related Breathing Disorders in First-Ever Stroke or Transient Ischemic Attack

To investigate the prevalence and behavior of sleep-related breathing disorders (SRBDs) associated with a first-ever stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA), we prospectively studied 161 consecutive patients admitted to our stroke unit. Complete neurological...

Bayesian CART model search

In this article we put forward a Bayesian approach for finding classification and regression tree (CART) models. The two basic components of this approach consist of prior specification and stochastic search. The basic idea is to have the prior induce...

Recent advances in micro-/nano-structured hollow spheres for energy applications: From simple to complex systems

Hollow micro-/nano-structured materials are now playing an important role in cutting edge innovations for energy conversion and storage technologies such as solar cells, fuel cells, lithium ion batteries and super capacitors. These materials show great...

Ten Years of Pathway Analysis: Current Approaches and Outstanding Challenges

Pathway analysis has become the first choice for gaining insight into the underlying biology of differentially expressed genes and proteins, as it reduces complexity and has increased explanatory power. We discuss the evolution of knowledge base-driven...

How Does Rubber Slide

Visual observations of contact areas between soft rubber sliders and hard tracks, and between hard sliders and soft rubber tracks, show that relative motion between the two frictional members is often only due to “waves of detachment” crossing the...

Dual Plasmonic Nanostructures for High Performance Inverted Organic Solar Cells

Xuanhua Li, Wallace C. H. Choy, Fengxian Xie, Wei Sha, Baofu Ding, Xia Guo, Yongfang Li, Jianhui Hou, Jingbi You, Yimin Yang

Multi-ethnic reference values for spirometry for the 3–95-yr age range: the global lung function 2012 equations

The aim of the Task Force was to derive continuous prediction equations and their lower limits of normal for spirometric indices, which are applicable globally. Over 160,000 data points from 72 centres in 33 countries were shared with the European Respiratory...

Multiscale InSAR Time Series (MInTS) analysis of surface deformation

[1] We present a new approach to extracting spatially and temporally continuous ground deformation fields from interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) data. We focus on unwrapped interferograms from a single viewing geometry, estimating ground...

Electrical energy storage for transportation—approaching the limits of, and going beyond, lithium-ion batteries

The escalating and unpredictable cost of oil, the concentration of major oil resources in the hands of a few politically sensitive nations, and the long-term impact of CO2 emissions on global climate constitute a major challenge for the 21st century....

Essentials of nursing research

Denise F. Polit, Cheryl Tatano Beck

The Examination and Analysis of Residuals

A number of methods for examining the residuals remaining after a conventional analysis of variance or least-squares fitting have been explored during the past few years. These give information on various questions of interest, and in particular, aid...

Epidemiology of Eating Disorders: Incidence, Prevalence and Mortality Rates

Eating disorders are relatively rare among the general population. This review discusses the literature on the incidence, prevalence and mortality rates of eating dis- orders. We searched online Medline/Pubmed, Embase and PsycINFO databases for articles...

Recognition of obstructive sleep apnea.

Kingman P. Strohl, Susan Redline

Interleukin-17 Orchestrates the Granulocyte Influx into Airways after Allergen Inhalation in a Mouse Model of Allergic Asthma

Interleukin (IL)-17 is produced by activated memory CD4+ cells and induces cytokines and chemokines that stimulate neutrophil generation and recruitment. Here, we investigated the involvement of IL-17 in the bronchial influx of neutrophils in experimental...

Crystal Structure of a Lipid G Protein–Coupled Receptor

Sphingosine 1-phosphate (S1P) is a sphingolipid that binds to the G protein–coupled receptor subtype 1 (S1P1) to activate signaling pathways involved in regulation of the vascular and immune systems. Hanson et al. (p. [851][1]) determined the crystal...

Moderate to vigorous physical activity and sedentary time and cardiometabolic risk factors in children and adolescents.

Sparse data exist on the combined associations between physical activity and sedentary time with cardiometabolic risk factors in healthy children.

The Small Sample Behavior of Some Statistics Which Test the Equality of Several Means

Four statistics which may be used to test the equality of population means are com-pared with respect to their robustness under heteroscedasticity, their power, and the overlap of their critical regions. The four are: the ANOVA F-statistic; a modified...

The SSN ontology of the W3C semantic sensor network incubator group

The W3C Semantic Sensor Network Incubator group (the SSN-XG) produced an OWL?2 ontology to describe sensors and observations - the SSN ontology, available at http://purl.oclc.org/NET/ssnx/ssn. The SSN ontology can describe sensors in terms of capabilities,...

Adverse Events During Radiofrequency Treatment of 582 Hepatic Tumors

OBJECTIVE. We describe the rates and potential risk factors of complications of radiofrequency ablation of hepatic tumors.SUBJECTS AND METHODS. Over a 5-year period, 312 patients underwent 350 sessions of radiofrequency ablation (124 intraoperative and...

Summary for policymakers

This Summary for Policymakers presents key findings from the Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX). The SREX approaches the topic by assessing the scientific literature on issues...

Designing Environments for Constructive Learning

This book focuses on constructivist pedagogy and the implications of that pedagogy for the principles and strategies of instructional design and for the use of technology in instruction. A constructivist pedagogy emphasizes the "situatedness" of learning....

Limits to reconstructing paleotopography from thermochronometer data

Stephanie M. Olen, Todd A. Ehlers, M. S. Densmore

Sample Quantiles in Statistical Packages

There are a large number of different definitions used for sample quantiles in statistical computer packages. Often within the same package one definition will be used to compute a quantile explicitly, while other definitions may be used when producing...

Sodium taurocholate cotransporting polypeptide is a functional receptor for human hepatitis B and D virus

Liver diseases related to the human hepatitis B virus (HBV) kill about 1 million people every year, and more than 350 million people around the world are infected with the virus. Some 15 million of these people are also infected with the hepatitis D virus...

Fluorescent chemodosimeters using “mild” chemical events for the detection of small anions and cations in biological and environmental media

Mild chemical processes of various analytes and detection methods involving revolutionary strategies in the fields of analytical chemistry, biology and environmental sciences have been extensively developed. This critical review focuses on representative...

Novel orthobunyavirus in Cattle, Europe, 2011.

Bernd Hoffmann, Matthias Scheuch, Dirk Höper, Ralf Jungblut, Mark Holsteg, Horst Schirrmeier, Michael Eschbaumer, Katja V. Goller, Kerstin Wernike, Melina Fischer, Angele Breithaupt, Thomas C. Mettenleiter, Martin Beer

Effect of daily aspirin on risk of cancer metastasis: a study of incident cancers during randomised controlled trials

Summary Background Daily aspirin reduces the long-term incidence of some adenocarcinomas, but eff ects on mortality due to some cancers appear after only a few years, suggesting that it might also reduce growth or metastasis. We established the frequency...

How Biased is the Apparent Error Rate of a Prediction Rule

A regression model is fitted to an observed set of data. How accurate is the model for predicting future observations? The apparent error rate tends to underestimate the true error rate because the data have been used twice, both to fit the model and...

Ridge Regression in Practice

Summary The use of biased estimation in data analysis and model building is discussed. A review of the theory of ridge regression and its relation to generalized inverse regression is presented along with the results of a simulation experiment and three...

Adverse childhood experiences, allostasis, allostatic load, and age-related disease

How do adverse childhood experiences get ‘under the skin’ and influence health outcomes through the life-course? Research reviewed here suggests that adverse childhood experiences are associated with changes in biological systems responsible for maintaining...

ROBPCA: A New Approach to Robust Principal Component Analysis

We introduce a new method for robust principal component analysis (PCA). Classical PCA is based on the empirical covariance matrix of the data and hence is highly sensitive to outlying observations. Two robust approaches have been developed to date. The...

Short-term effects of daily aspirin on cancer incidence, mortality, and non-vascular death: analysis of the time course of risks and benefits in 51 randomised controlled trials

Methods We studied individual patient data from randomised trials of daily aspirin versus no aspirin in prevention of vascular events. Death due to cancer, all non-vascular death, vascular death, and all deaths were assessed in all eligible trials. In...

Off the cliff and back? Credit conditions and international trade during the global financial crisis

We study the collapse of international trade flows during the global financial crisis using detailed data on monthly US imports. We show that credit conditions were an important channel through which the crisis affected trade volumes, by exploiting the...

User-Friendly Tail Bounds for Sums of Random Matrices

This paper presents new probability inequalities for sums of independent, random, self-adjoint matrices. These results place simple and easily verifiable hypotheses on the summands, and they deliver strong conclusions about the large-deviation behavior...

Topology of the human and mouse m6A RNA methylomes revealed by m6A-seq

Dan Dominissini, Sharon Moshitch-Moshkovitz, Schraga Schwartz, Mali Salmon-Divon, Lior Ungar, Sivan Osenberg, Karen Cesarkas, Jasmine Jacob-Hirsch, Ninette Amariglio, Martin Kupiec, Rotem Sorek, Gideon Rechavi

Granulocyte Inflammatory Markers and Airway Infection during Acute Exacerbation of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

There is increasing evidence that chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with chronic inflammation in the airways and lung parenchyma; however, little is known about the inflammatory response during acute COPD exacerbation. The objectives...

Prasugrel versus Clopidogrel for Acute Coronary Syndromes without Revascularization

Background The effect of intensified platelet inhibition for patients with unstable angina or myocardial infarction without ST-segment elevation who do not undergo revascularization has not been delineated. Methods In this double-blind, randomized trial,...

Leaky-Wave Antennas

This paper gives a basic review and a summary of recent developments for leaky-wave antennas (LWAs). An LWA uses a guiding structure that supports wave propagation along the length of the structure, with the wave radiating or “leaking” continuously...

Bayesian Data Mining in Large Frequency Tables, with an Application to the FDA Spontaneous Reporting System

A common data mining task is the search for associations in large databases. Here we consider the search for “interestingly large” counts in a large frequency table, having millions of cells, most of which have an observed frequency of 0...

The Intergenerational Transmission of Risk and Trust Attitudes

Recent theories endogenize the attitude endowments of individuals, assuming that they are shaped by the attitudes of parents and other role models. This paper tests empirically for the relevance of three aspects of the attitude transmission process highlighted...

A New Approach to Estimating Switching Regressions

In recent years much attention has been focussed on the problem of discontinuous shifts in regression regimes at unknown points in the data series. This article approaches this problem by assuming that nature chooses between regimes with probabilities...

Passage of intratracheally instilled ultrafine particles from the lung into the systemic circulation in hamster.

The mechanisms of particulate pollution-related cardiovascular morbidity and mortality are not well understood. We studied the passage of radioactively labeled ultrafine particles after their intratracheal instillation. Hamsters received a single intratracheal...

Intranasal Insulin Therapy for Alzheimer Disease and Amnestic Mild Cognitive Impairment: A Pilot Clinical Trial

Suzanne Craft, Laura D. Baker, Thomas J. Montine, Satoshi Minoshima, G. Stennis Watson, Amy Claxton, Matthew Arbuckle, Maureen Callaghan, Elaine Tsai, Stephen R. Plymate, Pattie S. Green, James B. Leverenz, Donna J. Cross, Brooke Gerton

Flexible Discriminant Analysis by Optimal Scoring

Fisher's linear discriminant analysis is a valuable tool for multigroup classification. With a large number of predictors, one can find a reduced number of discriminant coordinate functions that are “optimal” for separating the groups. With two such...

Size Allometry: Size and Shape Variables with Characterizations of the Lognormal and Generalized Gamma Distributions

Size-related shape changes in animals are studied within a general framework of size variables and shape vectors. Isometry, or independence of shape and size, is defined as the iindependence of some (all) shape vector(s) from a particular size variable....

A New Derivation of Postgel Properties of Network Polymers

The probability of a finite or dangling chain on an ideal polymer network has been derived by a simple recursive scheme. In contrast to the method of Dobson and Gordon, probability generating function formalism is not required. The general result, Equations...

Variable Kernel Estimates of Multivariate Densities

A class of density estimates using a superposition of kernels where the kernel parameter can depend on the nearest neighbor distances is studied by the use of simulated data. Their performance using several measures of error is superior to that of the...

Influential Observations in Linear Regression

Characteristics of observations which cause them to be influential in a least squares analysis are investigated and related to residual variances, residual correlations, and the convex hull of the observed values of the independent variables. It is shown...

Defining the mode of tumour growth by clonal analysis

Gregory Driessens, Benjamin Beck, Amélie Caauwe, Benjamin D. Simons, Cédric Blanpain

Toward Secure and Dependable Storage Services in Cloud Computing

Cloud storage enables users to remotely store their data and enjoy the on-demand high quality cloud applications without the burden of local hardware and software management. Though the benefits are clear, such a service is also relinquishing users' physical...

Context-Aware Saliency Detection

We propose a new type of saliency&#HASH#x2014;context-aware saliency&#HASH#x2014;which aims at detecting the image regions that represent the scene. This definition differs from previous definitions whose goal is to either identify fixation points or...

Stimulation of HIV-1-Specific Cytolytic T Lymphocytes Facilitates Elimination of Latent Viral Reservoir after Virus Reactivation

Highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) suppresses HIV-1 replication but cannot eliminate the virus because HIV-1 establishes latent infection. Interruption of HAART leads to a rapid rebound of viremia, so life-long treatment is required. Efforts...

Nitrogen‐Doped Porous Carbon Nanofiber Webs as Anodes for Lithium Ion Batteries with a Superhigh Capacity and Rate Capability

Long Qie, Wei-Min Chen, Zhao‐Hui Wang, Qing-Guo Shao, Xiang Li, Li-Xia Yuan, Xianluo Hu, Wuxing Zhang, Yunhui Huang

Toward a Practical Face Recognition System: Robust Alignment and Illumination by Sparse Representation

Many classic and contemporary face recognition algorithms work well on public data sets, but degrade sharply when they are used in a real recognition system. This is mostly due to the difficulty of simultaneously handling variations in illumination, image...

Phosphorus flame retardants: Properties, production, environmental occurrence, toxicity and analysis

► First review PFRs. ► PFR data in water, sediment and biota. ► Most recent production data PFRs.

EPOS 2012: European position paper on rhinosinusitis and nasal polyps 2012. A summary for otorhinolaryngologists.

The European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis and Nasal Polyps 2012 is the update of similar evidence based position papers published in 2005 and 2007. The document contains chapters on definitions and classification, we now also propose definitions for...

Inspiratory-to-Total Lung Capacity Ratio Predicts Mortality in Patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Static lung hyperinflation has important clinical consequences in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. We analyzed the power of lung hyperinflation as measured by the inspiratory capacity–to-total lung capacity ratio (IC/TLC) to predict...

Hospitalizations and Mortality in the Lung Health Study

This report deals with deaths and hospitalizations during the 5-year Lung Health Study, as documented by examination of appropriate records. There were 149 deaths (2.5%) during the study, caused largely by lung cancer and cardiovascular disease, particularly...

PLANET OCCURRENCE WITHIN 0.25 AU OF SOLAR-TYPE STARS FROM KEPLER Based in part on observations obtained at the W. M. Keck Observatory, which is operated by the University of California and the California Institute of Technology.

Andrew W. Howard, Geoffrey W. Marcy, Stephen T. Bryson, Jon M. Jenkins, Jason F. Rowe, Natalie Batalha, William J. Borucki, David G. Koch, Edward W. Dunham, Thomas N. Gautier, Jeffrey Van Cleve, William D. Cochran, David W. Latham, Jack J. Lissauer, Guillermo Torres, Timothy M. Brown, Ronald L. Gilliland, Lars A. Buchhave, Douglas A. Caldwell, Jorgen Christensen-Dalsgaard, David R. Ciardi, Francois Fressin, Michael R. Haas, Steve B. Howell, Hans Kjeldsen, Sara Seager, Leslie A. Rogers, Dimitar D. Sasselov, Jason H. Steffen, Gibor Basri, David Charbonneau, Jessie L. Christiansen, Bruce D. Clarke, Andrea K. Dupree, Daniel C. Fabrycky, Debra A. Fischer, Eric B. Ford, Jonathan J. Fortney, Jill C. Tarter, Forrest R. Girouard, Matthew J. Holman, John Asher Johnson, Todd C. Klaus, Pavel Machalek, Althea V. Moorhead, Robert C. Morehead, Darin Ragozzine, Peter Tenenbaum, Joseph D. Twicken, Samuel N. Quinn

Critical review: vegetables and fruit in the prevention of chronic diseases

BackgroundVegetables and fruit provide a significant part of human nutrition, as they are important sources of nutrients, dietary fibre, and phytochemicals. However, it is uncertain whether the risk of certain chronic diseases can be reduced by increased...

Hydrocarbon Separations in a Metal-Organic Framework with Open Iron(II) Coordination Sites

Petroleum processing initially yields a mixture of saturated and unsaturated hydrocarbons—the feedstocks for fuels, plastics, pharmaceuticals, and a wide range of other commercial products. At present, distillation is the primary means of separating...

Stent thrombosis with drug-eluting and bare-metal stents: evidence from a comprehensive network meta-analysis

The relative safety of drug-eluting stents and bare-metal stents, especially with respect to stent thrombosis, continues to be debated. In view of the overall low frequency of stent thrombosis, large sample sizes are needed to accurately estimate treatment...

Neural networks : tricks of the trade

Grégoire Montavon, Genevieve Orr, Klaus-Robert Müller

In vivo photodynamic therapy using upconversion nanoparticles as remote-controlled nanotransducers

Niagara Muhammad Idris, Muthu Kumara Gnanasammandhan, Jing Zhang, Paul C. Ho, Ratha Mahendran, Yong Zhang

Adalimumab Induces and Maintains Clinical Remission in Patients With Moderate-to-Severe Ulcerative Colitis

BACKGROUND & AIMS: Adalimumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody that binds tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-. Its efficacy as maintenance therapy for patients with ulcerative colitis has not been studied in a controlled, double-blind trial. METHODS: Ulcerative...

Spin-Orbit Coupled Degenerate Fermi Gases

In this Letter, we report the first experimental realization and investigation of a spin-orbit coupled Fermi gas. Both spin dephasing in spin dynamics and momentum distribution asymmetry of the equilibrium state are observed as hallmarks of spin-orbit...

Oxidized mitochondrial DNA activates the NLRP3 inflammasome during apoptosis

We report that in the presence of signal 1 (NF-κB), the NLRP3 inflammasome was activated by mitochondrial apoptotic signaling that licensed production of interleukin-1β (IL-1β). NLRP3 secondary signal activators such as ATP induced mitochondrial dysfunction...

Effect Size Estimates: Current Use, Calculations, and Interpretation

The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (American Psychological Association, 2001, American Psychological Association, 2010) calls for the reporting of effect sizes and their confidence intervals. Estimates of effect size are...

Default Mode Network Activity and Connectivity in Psychopathology

Neuropsychiatric disorders are associated with abnormal function of the default mode network (DMN), a distributed network of brain regions more active during rest than during performance of many attentiondemanding tasks and characterized by a high degree...

Temozolomide chemotherapy alone versus radiotherapy alone for malignant astrocytoma in the elderly: the NOA-08 randomised, phase 3 trial

Radiotherapy is the standard care in elderly patients with malignant astrocytoma and the role of primary chemotherapy is poorly defined. We did a randomised trial to compare the efficacy and safety of dose-dense temozolomide alone versus radiotherapy...

Long-term effect of resistant starch on cancer risk in carriers of hereditary colorectal cancer: an analysis from the CAPP2 randomised controlled trial

Summary Background Observational studies report that higher intake of dietary fi bre (a heterogeneous mix including nonstarch polysaccharides and resistant starches) is associated with reduced risk of colorectal cancer, but no randomised trials with prevention...

Predicting psychosis: meta-analysis of transition outcomes in individuals at high clinical risk.

Paolo Fusar-Poli, Ilaria Bonoldi, Alison R. Yung, Stefan Borgwardt, Matthew J. Kempton, Lucia Valmaggia, Francesco Barale, Edgardo Caverzasi, Philip McGuire

Personal Learning Environments, social media, and self-regulated learning: A natural formula for connecting formal and informal learning

A Personal Learning Environment or PLE is a potentially promising pedagogical approach for both integrating formal and informal learning using social media and supporting student self-regulated learning in higher education contexts. The purpose of this...

The Relationship Between the Comprehensiveness of Corporate Annual Reports and Firm Characteristics in Spain

Not much information exists in the international accounting literature on Spanish accounting. Spain is selected as a subject of study because it is different from those countries that are subjects of the research concerned with investigating the multivariate...

Microglia Sculpt Postnatal Neural Circuits in an Activity and Complement-Dependent Manner

SummaryMicroglia are the resident CNS immune cells and active surveyors of the extracellular environment. While past work has focused on the role of these cells during disease, recent imaging studies reveal dynamic interactions between microglia and...

Innovations in CT Dose Reduction Strategy: Application of the Adaptive Statistical Iterative Reconstruction Algorithm

OBJECTIVE. The purpose of this article is to discuss the application of a new CT reconstruction algorithm, adaptive statistical iterative reconstruction (ASIR), to reduce radiation dose at body CT and to provide imaging examples in comparison with low-dose...

The materiality of environmental information to users of annual reports

Reports on the results of a survey of various groups of annual report users as to the importance, or “materiality”, of environmental information to decisions they may wish to make. Also investigates how environmental information is ranked in importance...

Cigarette Smoking Impairs the Therapeutic Response to Oral Corticosteroids in Chronic Asthma

The study was designed to assess the effect of cigarette smoking on the therapeutic response to oral corticosteroids in chronic stable asthma. We performed a randomized, placebo-controlled, crossover study with prednisolone (40 mg daily) or placebo for...

Resampling Inference with Complex Survey Data

Methods for standard errors and confidence intervals for nonlinear statistics —such as ratios, regression, and correlation coefficients—have been extensively studied for stratified multistage designs in which the clusters are sampled with replacement,...

Clinical Pharmacokinetics of Valproic Acid - 1988

Gaetano Zaccara, Andrea Messori, Flavio Moroni

Softening of Rubber by Deformation

It has been known for many years that deformation results in softening of rubber and that the initial stress-strain curve determined during the first deformation is unique and cannot be retraced. Further the effect of repeated deformation is to cause...

Adapting educational and psychological tests for cross-cultural assessment

Ronald K. Hambleton, Peter Francis Merenda, Charles Donald Spielberger

Long-Range Incommensurate Charge Fluctuations in (Y,Nd)Ba2Cu3O6+x

There are strong indications that high-temperature superconductivity in the cuprates is formed amid competing orders, but only two have been observed unambiguously. The so-called stripe order has been observed in a Lanthanum-based cuprate family and consists...

Handbook of LHC Higgs Cross Sections: 2. Differential Distributions

This Report summarises the results of the second year's activities of the LHC Higgs Cross Section Working Group. The main goal of the working group was to present the state of the art of Higgs Physics at the LHC, integrating all new results that have...

Porous Doped Silicon Nanowires for Lithium Ion Battery Anode with Long Cycle Life

Porous silicon nanowires have been well studied for various applications; however, there are only very limited reports on porous silicon nanowires used for energy storage. Here, we report both experimental and theoretical studies of porous doped silicon...

Burnout and Satisfaction With Work-Life Balance Among US Physicians Relative to the General US Population

Methods: We conducted a national study of burnout in a large sample of US physicians from all specialty disciplines using the American Medical Association Physician Masterfile and surveyed a probability-based sample of the general US population for comparison....

Effect of nature and location of defects on bandgap narrowing in black TiO 2 nanoparticles

Alberto Naldoni, S. Santangelo, Marcello Marelli, F. Fabbri, S. Cappelli, C.L.M. Bianchi, Rinaldo Psaro, V. Dal Santo

Long-term inhalable particles and other air pollutants related to mortality in nonsmokers.

Long-term ambient concentrations of inhalable particles less than 10 μ m in diameter (PM10) (1973– 1992) and other air pollutants—total suspended sulfates, sulfur dioxide, ozone (O3), and nitrogen dioxide—were related to 1977–1992 mortality in...

Ultrathin and lightweight organic solar cells with high flexibility.

Martin Kaltenbrunner, Matthew S. White, Eric Daniel Głowacki, Tsuyoshi Sekitani, Takao Someya, Niyazi Serdar Sariciftci, Siegfried Bauer

Identification of patients with acute lung injury. Predictors of mortality.

Arecent North American-European Consensus Conference proposed new, uniform criteria for the def­ inition of acute lung injury, in part to facilitate earlier identification of patients for clinical trials. How­ ever, these criteria have not been evaluated...

Hierarchical Spatio-Temporal Mapping of Disease Rates

Maps of regional morbidity and mortality rates are useful tools in determining spatial patterns of disease. Combined with sociodemographic census information, they also permit assessment of environmental justice; that is, whether certain subgroups suffer...

Prediabetes: a high-risk state for diabetes development

Prediabetes (intermediate hyperglycaemia) is a high-risk state for diabetes that is defined by glycaemic variables that are higher than normal, but lower than diabetes thresholds. 5–10% of people per year with prediabetes will progress to diabetes,...

C-reactive Protein As a Predictor of Prognosis in Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Rationale: Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have an ongoing systemic inflammation, which can be assessed by measuring serum C-reactive protein (CRP).Objective: To determine whether increased serum CRP in individuals with airway...

Comparative Pharmacodynamics and Pharmacokinetics of Oral Direct Thrombin and Factor Xa Inhibitors in Development

For the past five decades, there has been little progress in the development of oral anticoagulants, with the choices being limited to the vitamin K antagonists (VKAs). The situation is changing with the development of orally active small molecules that...

Short-Chain Fatty Acids Stimulate Glucagon-Like Peptide-1 Secretion via the G-Protein–Coupled Receptor FFAR2

Interest in how the gut microbiome can influence the metabolic state of the host has recently heightened. One postulated link is bacterial fermentation of “indigestible” prebiotics to short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), which in turn modulate the release...

Bootstrapping a Regression Equation: Some Empirical Results

The bootstrap, like the jackknife, is a technique for estimating standard errors. The idea is to use Monte Carlo simulation based on a nonparametric estimate of the underlying error distribution. The main object of this article is to present the bootstrap...

Predictive factors of hospitalization for acute exacerbation in a series of 64 patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Hospitalizations for acute exacerbation in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have a great impact on health care expenditure. The aim of this study was to look at predictive factors of hospitalization for acute exacerbation in...

An anatomically comprehensive atlas of the adult human brain transcriptome

Neuroanatomically precise, genome-wide maps of transcript distributions are critical resources to complement genomic sequence data and to correlate functional and genetic brain architecture. Here we describe the generation and analysis of a transcriptional...

Determinants of the Corporate Decision to Disclose Social Information

The decision to disclose social information in annual reports is a voluntary one. A positive model of the factors that may influence firms′ decisions to disclose social information is proposed. It is hypothesised that the decision may be affected by...

Review: Marine natural products

John W. Blunt, Brent R. Copp, Murray H. G. Munro, Peter T. Northcote, Michèle R. Prinsep

Is Working Memory Training Effective

Working memory (WM) is a cognitive system that strongly relates to a person’s ability to reason with novel information and direct attention to goal-relevant information. Due to the central role that WM plays in general cognition, it has become the focus...

Estimation in Covariance Components Models

Estimation techniques for linear covariance components models are developed and illustrated with special emphasis on explaining computational processes. The estimation of fixed and random effects when the variances and covariances are known is presented...

« Prev. Next »
First ... 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 ... Last

© 2016-2018 CiteWeb.info — WorldWeb citation database

Up ↑