CiteWeb

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Publications in 2008

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A short history of SHELX

An account is given of the development of the SHELX system of computer programs from SHELX-76 to the present day. In addition to identifying useful innovations that have come into general use through their implementation in SHELX, a critical analysis...

Using thematic analysis in psychology

Thematic analysis is a poorly demarcated, rarely-acknowledged, yet widely-used qualitative analytic method within psychology. In this paper, we argue that it offers an accessible and theoretically-flexible approach to analysing qualitative data. We outline...

MapReduce: simplified data processing on large clusters

MapReduce is a programming model and an associated implementation for processing and generating large datasets that is amenable to a broad variety of real-world tasks. Users specify the computation in terms of a map and a reduce function, and the underlying...

Exploration and exploitation in organizational learning

Exploration and explotation in organizational learning - This paper considers the relation between the exploration of new possibilities and the exploitation of old certainties in organizational learning. It examines some complications in allocating resources...

Graph Theory

Graph theory is a flourishing discipline containing a body of beautiful and powerful theorems of wide applicability. Its explosive growth in recent years is mainly due to its role as an essential structure underpinning modern applied mathematics computer...

The Forms of Capital

Pierre Bourdieu

Experience and education

"Experience and Education offers educators and teachers a positive philosophy of education. It evaluates the practices of both the traditional and the progressive schools and lucidly sets forth the defects of each of them. The volume, however, is in no...

Introduction to Information Retrieval

Christopher D. Manning, Prabhakar Raghavan, Hinrich Schütze

Introduction to Magnetic Materials

Introduction to Magnetic Materials, 2nd Edition covers the basics of magnetic quantities, magnetic devices, and materials used in practice. While retaining much of the original, this revision now covers SQUID and alternating gradient magnetometers, magnetic...

Speeded-Up Robust Features (SURF)

This article presents a novel scale- and rotation-invariant detector and descriptor, coined SURF (Speeded-Up Robust Features). SURF approximates or even outperforms previously proposed schemes with respect to repeatability, distinctiveness, and robustness,...

Cancer Statistics, 2008

Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the number of new cancer cases and deaths expected in the United States in the current year and compiles the most recent data on cancer incidence, mortality, and survival based on incidence data from the...

The M06 suite of density functionals for main group thermochemistry, thermochemical kinetics, noncovalent interactions, excited states, and transition elements: two new functionals and systematic testing of four M06-class functionals and 12 other fun

We present two new hybrid meta exchange-correlation functionals, called M06 and M06-2X. The M06 functional is parametrized including both transition metals and nonmetals, whereas the M06-2X functional is a high-nonlocality functional with double the amount...

Sorafenib in advanced hepatocellular carcinoma

Background No effective systemic therapy exists for patients with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma. A preliminary study suggested that sorafenib, an oral multikinase inhibitor of the vascular endothelial growth factor receptor, the platelet-derived growth...

GROMACS 4: Algorithms for Highly Efficient, Load-Balanced, and Scalable Molecular Simulation.

Molecular simulation is an extremely useful, but computationally very expensive tool for studies of chemical and biomolecular systems. Here, we present a new implementation of our molecular simulation toolkit GROMACS which now both achieves extremely...

Building better batteries

M. Armand, Jean-Marie Tarascon

Review of Particle Physics

This biennial Review summarizes much of particle physics. Using data from previous editions., plus 2778 new measurements from 645 papers, we list, evaluate, and average measured properties of gauge bosons, leptons, quarks, mesons, and baryons. We also...

Surviving Sepsis Campaign: international guidelines for management of severe sepsis and septic shock: 2008.

Sponsoring organizations: American Association of Critical-Care Nurses, American College of Chest Physicians, American College of Emergency Physicians, American Thoracic Society, Asia Pacific Association of Critical Care Medicine, Australian and New Zealand...

Iron-based layered superconductor La[O(1-x)F(x)]FeAs (x = 0.05-0.12) with T(c) = 26 K.

We report that a layered iron-based compound LaOFeAs undergoes superconducting transition under doping with F- ions at the O2- site. The transition temperature (Tc) exhibits a trapezoid shape dependence on the F- content, with the highest Tc of ∼26...

The TOTEM Experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

The TOTEM Experiment will measure the total pp cross-section with the luminosity-independent method and study elastic and diffractive scattering at the LHC. To achieve optimum forward coverage for charged particles emitted by the pp collisions in the...

Cochrane handbook for systematic reviews of interventions

The Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions is the official document that describes in detail the process of preparing and maintaining Cochrane systematic reviews on the effects of healthcare interventions.

Materials for electrochemical capacitors

Electrochemical capacitors, also called supercapacitors, store energy using either ion adsorption (electrochemical double layer capacitors) or fast surface redox reactions (pseudo-capacitors). They can complement or replace batteries in electrical energy...

The ATLAS Experiment at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

The TOTEM Experiment will measure the total pp cross-section with the luminosity-independent method and study elastic and diffractive scattering at the LHC. To achieve optimum forward coverage for charged particles emitted by the pp collisions in the...

Intensive blood glucose control and vascular outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes.

This work has been made available to the staff and students of the University of Sydney for the purposes of research and study only. It constitutes material that is held by the University for the purposes of reporting for HERDC and the ERA. This work...

TiO2 photocatalysis and related surface phenomena

The field of photocatalysis can be traced back more than 80 years to early observations of the chalking of titania-based paints and to studies of the darkening of metal oxides in contact with organic compounds in sunlight. During the past 20 years,...

An Introduction To Compressive Sampling

Conventional approaches to sampling signals or images follow Shannon's theorem: the sampling rate must be at least twice the maximum frequency present in the signal (Nyquist rate). In the field of data conversion, standard analog-to-digital converter...

The brain’s default network: Anatomy, function, and relevance to disease

Thirty years of brain imaging research has converged to define the brain’s default network—a novel and only recently appreciated brain system that participates in internal modes of cognition. Here we synthesize past observations to provide strong...

Autophagy fights disease through cellular self-digestion

Noboru Mizushima, Beth Levine, Ana Maria Cuervo, Daniel J. Klionsky

Insulin-Like Growth Factors and Their Binding Proteins: Biological Actions*

I. Introduction THE insulin-like growth factors were discovered on the basis of their ability to stimulate cartilage sulfation and to replace the “sulfation factor activity” of GH, as determined using an in vivo assay, in an in vitro test system (1)....

Scheduling: Theory, Algorithms, and Systems

This book on scheduling covers theoretical models as well as scheduling problems in the real world. Author Michael Pinedo also includes a CD that contains slide-shows from industry and movies dealing with implementations of scheduling systems. The book...

Cutaneous wound healing.

The primary function of the skin is to serve as a protective barrier against the environment. Loss of the integrity of large portions of the skin as a result of injury or illness may lead to major disability or even death. Every year in the United States...

Mental Accounting and Consumer Choice

Anew model of consumer behavior is developed using a hybrid of cognitive psychology and microeconomics. The development of the model starts with the mental coding of combinations of gains and losses using the prospect theory value function. Then the evaluation...

A Practical Guide to Support Vector Classication

Support vector machine (SVM) is a popular technique for classication. However, beginners who are not familiar with SVM often get unsatisfactory results since they miss some easy but signicant steps. In this guide, we propose a simple procedure, which...

Mechanisms of Salinity Tolerance

The physiological and molecular mechanisms of tolerance to osmotic and ionic components of salinity stress are reviewed at the cellular, organ, and whole-plant level. Plant growth responds to salinity in two phases: a rapid, osmotic phase that inhibits...

Body-mass index and mortality in a prospective cohort of U.S. adults

Background Body-mass index (the weight in kilograms divided by the square of the height in meters) is known to be associated with overall mortality. We investigated the effects of age, race, sex, smoking status, and history of disease on the relation...

ESC guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2008: the Task Force for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2008 of the European Society of Cardiology. Developed in collaboration with the

Kenneth Dickstein, Cohen-Solal A, Gerasimos Filippatos, John J.V. McMurray, Piotr Ponikowski, Philip A. Poole-Wilson, Anna Strömberg, D.J. van Veldhuisen, Dan Atar, A.W. Hoes, Andre Keren, A. Mebazaa, Markku S. Nieminen, Silvia G. Priori, Karl Swedberg, Alec Vahanian, John Camm, R. De Caterina, Veronica Dean, Christian Funck-Brentano, Irene Hellemans, Kristensen Sd, Keith McGregor, Udo Sechtem, Sigmund Silber, Michal Tendera, Petr Widimsky, José Zamorano, Angelo Auricchio, Jeroen J. Bax, Michael Böhm, Ugo Corrà, P. Della Bella, P Elliott, Ferenc Follath, Gheorghiade M, Yonathan Hasin, Hernborg A, Tiny Jaarsma, Michel Komajda, Ran Kornowski, Massimo F. Piepoli, Luigi Tavazzi, Jean-Luc Vachiery, F.W.A. Verheugt, F. Zannad

EAU Guidelines on Prostate Cancer

To present a summary of the 2007 version of the European Association of Urology (EAU) guidelines on prostate cancer (PCa).

Carotid-Artery Intima and Media Thickness as a Risk Factor for Myocardial Infarction and Stroke in Older Adults

Background The combined thickness of the intima and media of the carotid artery is associated with the prevalence of cardiovascular disease. We studied the associations between the thickness of the carotid-artery intima and media and the incidence of...

Bigtable: A Distributed Storage System for Structured Data

Bigtable is a distributed storage system for managing structured data that is designed to scale to a very large size: petabytes of data across thousands of commodity servers. Many projects at Google store data in Bigtable, including web indexing, Google...

Opinion Mining and Sentiment Analysis

An important part of our information-gathering behavior has always been to find out what other people think. With the growing availability and popularity of opinion-rich resources such as online review sites and personal blogs, new opportunities and challenges...

An Introduction to Kolmogorov Complexity and Its Applications

The book is outstanding and admirable in many respects. ... is necessary reading for all kinds of readers from undergraduate students to top authorities in the field. Journal of Symbolic Logic Written by two experts in the field, this is the only comprehensive...

Cancer-related inflammation.

Alberto Mantovani, Paola Allavena, Antonio Sica, Frances R. Balkwill

OpenFlow: enabling innovation in campus networks

This whitepaper proposes OpenFlow: a way for researchers to run experimental protocols in the networks they use every day. OpenFlow is based on an Ethernet switch, with an internal flow-table, and a standardized interface to add and remove flow entries....

Wireless sensor network survey

A wireless sensor network (WSN) has important applications such as remote environmental monitoring and target tracking. This has been enabled by the availability, particularly in recent years, of sensors that are smaller, cheaper, and intelligent. These...

The Brain's Default Network

Randy L. Buckner, Jessica R. Andrews-Hanna, Daniel L. Schacter

Early Predictors of Job Burnout and Engagement

A longitudinal study predicted changes in burnout or engagement a year later by identifying 2 types of early indicators at the initial assessment. Organizational employees (N 466) completed measures of burnout and 6 areas of worklife at 2 times with a...

Thrombolysis with Alteplase 3 to 4.5 Hours after Acute Ischemic Stroke

Background: Intravenous thrombolysis with alteplase is the only approved treatment for acute ischemic stroke, but its efficacy and safety when administered more than 3 hours after the onset of symptoms have not been established. We tested the efficacy...

Reprogramming of human somatic cells to pluripotency with defined factors

Rui Zhao, Jason A. West, Akiko Yabuuchi, Hongguang Huo, Tan A. Ince, Paul H. Lerou, M. William Lensch

Fast unfolding of communities in large networks

We propose a simple method to extract the community structure of large networks. Our method is a heuristic method that is based on modularity optimization. It is shown to outperform all other known community detection methods in terms of computation time....

Fine structure constant defines visual transparency of graphene.

There are few phenomena in condensed matter physics that are defined only by the fundamental constants and do not depend on material parameters. Examples are the resistivity quantum, h/e2 (h is Planck's constant and e the electron charge), that appears...

Chaos in Classical and Quantum Mechanics

Martin C. Gutzwiller, Jorge V. José

Use of U.S. Croplands for Biofuels Increases Greenhouse Gases Through Emissions from Land-Use Change

Most prior studies have found that substituting biofuels for gasoline will reduce greenhouse gases because biofuels sequester carbon through the growth of the feedstock. These analyses have failed to count the carbon emissions that occur as farmers worldwide...

A Rapid Bootstrap Algorithm for the RAxML Web Servers

Despite recent advances achieved by application of high-performance computing methods and novel algorithmic techniques to maximum likelihood (ML)-based inference programs, the major computational bottleneck still consists in the computation of bootstrap...

Fundamentals of Queueing Theory

Praise for the Third Edition: "This is one of the best books available. Its excellent organizational structure allows quick reference to specific models and its clear presentation . . . solidifies the understanding of the concepts being presented."IIE...

GRADE: an emerging consensus on rating quality of evidence and strength of recommendations

Guidelines are inconsistent in how they rate the quality of evidence and the strength of recommendations. This article explores the advantages of the GRADE system, which is increasingly being adopted by organisations worldwide #HASH##HASH##HASH##HASH#...

Biosensing with plasmonic nanosensors.

Jeffrey N. Anker, W. Paige Hall, Olga Lyandres, Nilam C. Shah, Jing Zhao, Richard P. Van Duyne

LIBLINEAR: A Library for Large Linear Classification

LIBLINEAR is an open source library for large-scale linear classification. It supports logistic regression and linear support vector machines. We provide easy-to-use command-line tools and library calls for users and developers. Comprehensive documents...

Exploring the full spectrum of macrophage activation

Macrophages display remarkable plasticity and can change their physiology in response to environmental cues. These changes can give rise to different populations of cells with distinct functions. In this Review we suggest a new grouping of macrophage...

Telmisartan, ramipril, or both in patients at high risk for vascular events

This work has been made available to the staff and students of the University of Sydney for the purposes of research and study only. It constitutes material that is held by the University for the purposes of reporting for HERDC and the ERA. This work...

Complex thermoelectric materials.

Thermoelectric materials, which can generate electricity from waste heat or be used as solid-state Peltier coolers, could play an important role in a global sustainable energy solution. Such a development is contingent on identifying materials with higher...

The missing memristor found

Dmitri B. Strukov, Gregory S. Snider, R. Stanley Williams

A Fuzzy Relative of the ISODATA Process and Its Use in Detecting Compact Well-Separated Clusters

Two fuzzy versions of the k-means optimal, least squared error partitioning problem are formulated for finite subsets X of a general inner product space. In both cases, the extremizing solutions are shown to be fixed points of a certain operator T on...

An Argument for Basic Emotions

Emotions are viewed as having evolved through their adaptive value in dealing with fundamental life-tasks. Each emotion has unique features: signal, physiology, and antecedent events. Each emotion also has characteristics in common with other emotions:...

Symptomatic Gastroesophageal Reflux as a Risk Factor for Esophageal Adenocarcinoma

Background The causes of adenocarcinomas of the esophagus and gastric cardia are poorly understood. We conducted an epidemiologic investigation of the possible association between gastroesophageal reflux and these tumors. Methods We performed a nationwide,...

Introduction to Space-Time Wireless Communications

Wireless networks are under constant pressure to provide ever-higher data rates to increasing numbers of users with greater reliability. This book is an accessible introduction to every fundamental aspect of space-time wireless communications. Space-time...

High-performance lithium battery anodes using silicon nanowires

Candace K. Chan, Hailin Peng, Gao Liu, Kevin Mcilwrath, Xiao Feng Zhang, Robert A. Huggins, Yi Cui

The RAST Server: Rapid Annotations using Subsystems Technology

The number of prokaryotic genome sequences becoming available is growing steadily and is growing faster than our ability to accurately annotate them. We describe a fully automated service for annotating bacterial and archaeal genomes. The service identifies...

Long-Range Corrected Hybrid Density Functionals with Damped Atom-Atom Dispersion Corrections

We report re-optimization of a recently proposed long-range corrected (LC) hybrid density functional [J.-D. Chai and M. Head-Gordon, J. Chem. Phys., 2008, 128, 084106] to include empirical atom–atom dispersion corrections. The resulting functional,...

Spreading Dead Zones and Consequences for Marine Ecosystems

Dead zones in the coastal oceans have spread exponentially since the 1960s and have serious consequences for ecosystem functioning. The formation of dead zones has been exacerbated by the increase in primary production and consequent worldwide coastal...

Fluorine in medicinal chemistry

It has become evident that fluorinated compounds have a remarkable record in medicinal chemistry and will play a continuing role in providing lead compounds for therapeutic applications. This tutorial review provides a sampling of renowned fluorinated...

Business Process Management

Barbara Pernici, Mathias Weske

The impact of microRNAs on protein output

Daehyun Baek, Judit Villén, Fernando D. Camargo, Steven P. Gygi, David P. Bartel

A guide to modern econometrics.

Marno Verbeek, N. Loaiza Velázquez, M.I. González Lutz, J. Monge Nájera, T. Vilsack, C.Z.F. Clark, G. S. Maddala, J. LeSage, R.K. Pace, A. (ed.). Peltola, A. Barrantes Rodríguez, G. Salazar Cháves, A.L. Tineo Bermúdez, R. Arce, E. Chacón, G. Chaves, A. Tristán, G. Bull, W. Mabee, R. Scharpenberg, K. Lange, D. Sorensen, D. Gianola, Beja Santos, J.P. Gilreath, Rodolfo J Ricart Arbona, A.R. Pimentel, D.C. Montgomery, G.C. Runger, Fox. K.A., Andrew R. Baggaley, C. Mack, G.E. Noether, S.M. Ross, M. Hollander, D.A. Wolfe, D.R. Cox, P.J. Solomon, Kimberley Brownlee, A.D. Rickmers, H.N. Todd, A. Allen Ray, W.G. Cochran, S.R. Searle, C.C. Li, R.P. Gupta, C.A.B. Smith, R.G.D. Steel, J.H. Torrie, David A. Dickey

Density Functionals with Broad Applicability in Chemistry

Although density functional theory is widely used in the computational chemistry community, the most popular density functional, B3LYP, has some serious shortcomings: (i) it is better for main-group chemistry than for transition metals; (ii) it systematically...

Service-dominant logic: continuing the evolution

Since the introductory article for what has become known as the "service-dominant (S-D) logic of marketing, "" Evolving to a New Dominant Logic for Marketing," was published in the Journal of Marketing (Vargo, S. L., & Lusch, R. F. (2004a)), there has...

ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA)

Phil Schwartz, Caryn Muellerleile

Prevention of venous thromboembolism: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practice Guidelines (8th Edition).

This article discusses the prevention of venous thromboembolism (VTE) and is part of the Antithrombotic and Thrombolytic Therapy: American College of Chest Physicians Evidence-Based Clinical Practi ...

Mixed-effects modeling with crossed random effects for subjects and items

This paper provides an introduction to mixed-effects models for the analysis of repeated measurement data with subjects and items as crossed random effects. A worked-out example of how to use recent software for mixed-effects modeling is provided. Simulation...

Widespread changes in protein synthesis induced by microRNAs

Animal microRNAs (miRNAs) regulate gene expression by inhibiting translation and/or by inducing degradation of target messenger RNAs. It is unknown how much translational control is exerted by miRNAs on a genome-wide scale. We used a new proteomic approach...

From inflammation to sickness and depression: when the immune system subjugates the brain

In response to a peripheral infection, innate immune cells produce pro-inflammatory cytokines that act on the brain to cause sickness behaviour. When activation of the peripheral immune system continues unabated, such as during systemic infections, cancer...

Land Clearing and the Biofuel Carbon Debt

Increasing energy use, climate change, and carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions from fossil fuels make switching to lowcarbon fuels a high priority. Biofuels are a potential lowcarbon energy source, but whether biofuels offer carbon savings depends on how they...

Physical Activity in the United States Measured by Accelerometer

Purpose: To describe physical activity levels of children (6-11 yr), adolescents (12-19 yr), and adults (20+ yr), using objective data obtained with accelerometers from a representative sample of the U.S. population.Methods: These results were obtained...

Epidemiology and causes of preterm birth

This paper is the first in a three-part series on preterm birth, which is the leading cause of perinatal morbidity and mortality in developed countries. Infants are born preterm at less than 37 weeks' gestational age after: (1) spontaneous labour with...

The BCL-2 protein family: opposing activities that mediate cell death

BCL-2 family proteins, which have either pro- or anti-apoptotic activities, have been studied intensively for the past decade owing to their importance in the regulation of apoptosis, tumorigenesis and cellular responses to anti-cancer therapy. They control...

Estimates of the prevalence of arthritis and other rheumatic conditions in the United States: Part II

Reva C. Lawrence, David T. Felson, Charles G. Helmick, Lesley M. Arnold, Hyon K. Choi, Richard A. Deyo, Sherine E. Gabriel, Rosemarie Hirsch, Marc C. Hochberg, Gene G. Hunder, Joanne M. Jordan, Hilal Maradit Kremers, Frederick Wolfe

Maternal and child undernutrition: global and regional exposures and health consequences

SummaryMaternal and child undernutrition is highly prevalent in low-income and middle-income countries, resulting in substantial increases in mortality and overall disease burden. In this paper, we present new analyses to estimate the effects of the risks...

Understanding individual human mobility patterns

Marta C. González, Cesar A. Hidalgo, Albert-László Barabási

Femtocell networks: a survey

The surest way to increase the system capacity of a wireless link is by getting the transmitter and receiver closer to each other, which creates the dual benefits of higher-quality links and more spatial reuse. In a network with nomadic users, this inevitably...

Deciphering the Liquidity and Credit Crunch 2007-08

This paper summarizes and explains the main events of the liquidity and credit crunch in 2007-08. Starting with the trends leading up to the crisis, I explain how these events unfolded and how four different amplification mechanisms magnified losses in...

Biological effects of essential oils - a review.

Since the middle ages, essential oils have been widely used for bactericidal, virucidal, fungicidal, antiparasitical, insecticidal, medicinal and cosmetic applications, especially nowadays in pharmaceutical, sanitary, cosmetic, agricultural and food industries....

A break in the clouds: towards a cloud definition

This paper discusses the concept of Cloud Computing to achieve a complete definition of what a Cloud is, using the main characteristics typically associated with this paradigm in the literature. More than 20 definitions have been studied allowing for...

DESIGN AND SYNTHESIS OF SYNCHRONIZATION SKELETONS USING BRANCHING TIME TEMPORAL LOGIC

We Propose a method of constructing concurrent programs in which the synchronization skeleton of the program is automatically synthesized from a high-level (branching time) Temporal Logic specification. The synchronization skeleton is an abstraction...

Microeconometrics Using Stata

An outstanding introduction to microeconometrics and how to do microeconometric research using Stata, this book covers topics often left out of microeconometrics textbooks and omitted from basic introductions to Stata. Cameron and Trivedi provide the...

Computational Geometry: Algorithms and Applications

This well-accepted introduction to computational geometry is a textbook for high-level undergraduate and low-level graduate courses. The focus is on algorithms and hence the book is well suited for students in computer science and engineering. Motivation...

Microalgal Triacylglycerols as Feedstocks for Biofuel Production: Perspectives and Advances

Summary Microalgae represent an exceptionally diverse but highly specialized group of micro-organisms adapted to various ecological habitats. Many microalgae have the ability to produce substantial amounts (e.g. 20–50% dry cell weight) of triacylglycerols...

ESC Guidelines for the diagnosis and treatment of acute and chronic heart failure 2008

Guidelines and Expert Consensus Documents summarize and evaluate all currently available evidence on a particular issue with the aim of assisting physicians and other healthcare providers in selecting the best management strategies for a typical patient,...

Image retrieval: Ideas, influences, and trends of the new age

We have witnessed great interest and a wealth of promise in content-based image retrieval as an emerging technology. While the last decade laid foundation to such promise, it also paved the way for a large number of new techniques and systems, got many...

High yield production of graphene by liquid phase exfoliation of graphite

Fully exploiting the properties of graphene will require a method for the mass production of this remarkable material. Two main routes are possible: large-scale growth or large-scale exfoliation. Here, we demonstrate graphene dispersions with concentrations...

Heart disease and stroke statistics-2008 Update

We thank Drs Robert Adams, Gary Friday, Philip Gorelick, and Sylvia Wasserthiel-Smoller, members of Stroke Statistics Subcommittee; Drs Joe Broderick, Brian Eigel, Kimberlee Gauveau, Jane Khoury, Jerry Potts, Jane Newburger, and Kathryn Taubert; and Sean...

Physiological functions of glucocorticoids in stress and their relation to pharmacological actions.

Introduction and Background Modern glucocorticoid endocrinology is a colorful, richly varied, but formless discipline—a profusion of cellular, physiological and pharmacological effects, seemingly unrelated through any central hormonal function. A current...

Ad Hoc Networking

Ad hoc networks are to computing devices what Yahoo Personals are to single people: both help individuals communicate productively with strangers while maintaining security. Under the rules of ad hoc networking--which continue to evolve--your mobile phone...

Transformation of the Nitrogen Cycle: Recent Trends, Questions, and Potential Solutions

Humans continue to transform the global nitrogen cycle at a record pace, reflecting an increased combustion of fossil fuels, growing demand for nitrogen in agriculture and industry, and pervasive inefficiencies in its use. Much anthropogenic nitrogen...

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