CiteWeb

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Publications in 2007

Page 1
The rise of graphene

: Graphene is a rapidly rising star on the horizon of materials science and condensed matter physics. This strictly two-dimensional material exhibits exceptionally high crystal and electronic quality and, despite its short history, has already revealed...

Induction of Pluripotent Stem Cells from Adult Human Fibroblasts by Defined Factors

Successful reprogramming of differentiated human somatic cells into a pluripotent state would allow creation of patient- and disease-specific stem cells. We previously reported generation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, capable of germline transmission,...

A Brief History of Neoliberalism

Neoliberalism - the doctrine that market exchange is an ethic in itself, capable of acting as a guide for all human action - has become dominant in both thought and practice throughout much of the world since 1970 or so. Its spread has depended upon a...

PLINK: A Tool Set for Whole-Genome Association and Population-Based Linkage Analyses

Whole-genome association studies (WGAS) bring new computational, as well as analytic, challenges to researchers. Many existing genetic-analysis tools are not designed to handle such large data sets in a convenient manner and do not necessarily exploit...

The 2007 WHO classification of tumours of the central nervous system.

David N. Louis, Hiroko Ohgaki, Otmar D. Wiestler, Webster K. Cavenee, Peter C. Burger, Anne Jouvet, Bernd W. Scheithauer, Paul Kleihues

Three-Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations: Implications for Cosmology

A simple cosmological model with only six parameters (matter density, � mh 2 , baryon density, � bh 2 , Hubble con- stant, H0, amplitude of fluctuations,� 8, optical depth,� , and a slope for the scalar perturbation spectrum, ns) fits not only...

BEAST: Bayesian evolutionary analysis by sampling trees

The evolutionary analysis of molecular sequence variation is a statistical enterprise. This is reflected in the increased use of probabilistic models for phylogenetic inference, multiple sequence alignment, and molecular population genetics. Here we present...

Phaser crystallographic software

Phaser is a program for phasing macromolecular crystal structures by both molecular replacement and experimental phasing methods. The novel phasing algorithms implemented in Phaser have been developed using maximum likelihood and multivariate statistics....

The economics of climate change : the Stern Review

There is now clear scientific evidence that emissions from economic activity, particularly the burning of fossil fuels for energy, are causing changes to the Earth´s climate. A sound understanding of the economics of climate change is needed in order...

Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction

Myocardial infarction is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. Coronary atherosclerosis is a chronic disease with stable and unstable periods. During unstable periods with activated inflammation in the vascular wall, patients may develop a...

Synthesis of graphene-based nanosheets via chemical reduction of exfoliated graphite oxide

Reduction of a colloidal suspension of exfoliated graphene oxide sheets in water with hydrazine hydrate results in their aggregation and subsequent formation of a high-surface-area carbon material which consists of thin graphene-based sheets. The reduced...

Learning in Adulthood: A Comprehensive Guide

Sharan B. Merriam, Rosemary S. Caffarella

2007 Guidelines for the Management of Arterial Hypertension The Task Force for the Management of Arterial Hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC)

2007 Guidelines for the Management of Arterial Hypertension : The Task Force for the Management of Arterial Hypertension of the European Society of Hypertension (ESH) and of the European Society of Cardiology (ESC).

z-Tree: Zurich toolbox for ready-made economic experiments

z-Tree (Zurich Toolbox for Ready-made Economic Experiments) is a software for developing and conducting economic experiments. The software is stable and allows programming almost any kind of experiments in a short time. In this article, I present the...

The Benefits of Facebook ''Friends:'' Social Capital and College Students' Use of Online Social Network Sites

This study examines the relationship between use of Facebook, a popular online social network site, and the formation and maintenance of social capital. In addition to assessing bonding and bridging social capital, we explore a dimension of social capital...

BIODIESEL FROM MICROALGAE

Continued use of petroleum sourced fuels is now widely recognized as unsustainable because of depleting supplies and the contribution of these fuels to the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the environment. Renewable, carbon neutral, transport fuels are...

Inter-Society Consensus for the Management of Peripheral Arterial Disease (TASC II)

Lars Norgren, William R. Hiatt, J.A. Dormandy, Mark R. Nehler, Kenneth A. Harris

Discrete multivariate analysis : theory and practice

"At last, after a decade of mounting interest in log-linear and related models for the analysis of discrete multivariate data, particularly in the form of multidimensional tables, we now have a comprehensive text and general reference on the subject....

Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction

Kristian Thygesen, Joseph S. Alpert, Harvey D. White

What is Web 2.0: Design Patterns and Business Models for the Next Generation of Software

This paper was the first initiative to try to define Web2.0 and understand its implications for the next generation of software, looking at both design patterns and business modes. Web 2.0 is the network as platform,...

Clinical End Points in Coronary Stent Trials A Case for Standardized Definitions

Donald E. Cutlip, Stephan Windecker, Roxana Mehran, Ashley Boam, David J. Cohen, Gerrit-Anne van Es, Marie-Angèle Morel, Laura Mauri, Pascal Vranckx, Eugene P. McFadden, Alexandra Lansky, Martial Hamon, Mitchell W. Krucoff, Patrick W. Serruys

WSXM: A software for scanning probe microscopy and a tool for nanotechnology

In this work we briefly describe the most relevant features of WSXM, a freeware scanning probe microscopysoftware based on MS-Windows. The article is structured in three different sections: The introduction is a perspective on the importance of software...

AKT/PKB Signaling: Navigating Downstream

Brendan D. Manning, Lewis C. Cantley

Global Climate Projections

Gerald A. Meehl, T. F. Stocker, W. D. Collins, A. T. Friedlingstein, A. T. Gaye, J. M. Gregory, Akio Kitoh, Reto Knutti, J. M. Murphy, Akira Noda, S. C. B. Raper, Zhi-Qi Zhao

Generation of germline-competent induced pluripotent stem cells.

Keisuke Okita, Tomoko Ichisaka, Shinya Yamanaka

Many-Body Physics with Ultracold Gases

These are notes on a series of lectures on many-body phenomena in ultracold gases given at EPFL in the Fall 2012.

Exosome-mediated transfer of mRNAs and microRNAs is a novel mechanism of genetic exchange between cells

Exosomes are vesicles of endocytic origin released by many cells. These vesicles can mediate communication between cells, facilitating processes such as antigen presentation. Here, we show that exosomes from a mouse and a human mast cell line (MC/9 and...

Global Strategy for the Diagnosis, Management, and Prevention of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease GOLD Executive Summary

Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is a global health problem, and since 2001, the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) has published its strategy document for the diagnosis and management of COPD. This executive summary...

Consensus and Cooperation in Networked Multi-Agent Systems

This paper provides a theoretical framework for analysis of consensus algorithms for multi-agent networked systems with an emphasis on the role of directed information flow, robustness to changes in network topology due to link/node failures, time-delays,...

Physical Activity and Public Health Updated Recommendation for Adults From the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association

This work has been made available to the staff and students of the University of Sydney for the purposes of research and study only. It constitutes material that is held by the University for the purposes of reporting for HERDC and the ERA. This work...

Engineering design : a systematic approach

Gerhard Pahl, Wolfgang Beitz, Ken Wallace

New Introduction to Multiple Time Series Analysis

Vector time series analysis has become a standard tool in macroeconometrics and in empirical finance since the early 1980s. Over the last two decades, Helmut Liitkepohl has published extensively on virtually all topics covered in this book, which puts...

Acute Kidney Injury Network: report of an initiative to improve outcomes in acute kidney injury.

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a complex disorder for which currently there is no accepted definition. Having a uniform standard for diagnosing and classifying AKI would enhance our ability to manage these patients. Future clinical and translational research...

Explicating dynamic capabilities: the nature and microfoundations of (sustainable) enterprise performance

This paper draws on the social and behavioral sciences in an endeavor to specify the nature and microfoundations of the capabilities necessary to sustain superior enterprise performance in an open economy with rapid innovation and globally dispersed sources...

Inference of Macromolecular Assemblies from Crystalline State

We discuss basic physical–chemical principles underlying the formation of stable macromolecular complexes, which in many cases are likely to be the biological units performing a certain physiological function. We also consider available theoretical...

Randomization, bootstrap and Monte Carlo methods in biology

Randomization, bootstrap and Monte Carlo methods in biology

Signal Recovery From Random Measurements Via Orthogonal Matching Pursuit

This paper demonstrates theoretically and empirically that a greedy algorithm called orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP) can reliably recover a signal with m nonzero entries in dimension d given O(m ln d) random linear measurements of that signal. This...

Detection of individual gas molecules adsorbed on graphene

: The ultimate aspiration of any detection method is to achieve such a level of sensitivity that individual quanta of a measured value can be resolved. In the case of chemical sensors, the quantum is one atom or molecule. Such resolution has so far been...

High-resolution profiling of histone methylations in the human genome

SummaryHistone modifications are implicated in influencing gene expression. We have generated high-resolution maps for the genome-wide distribution of 20 histone lysine and arginine methylations as well as histone variant H2A.Z, RNA polymerase II, and...

THE EPIGENOMICS OF CANCER

Peter A. Jones, Stephen B. Baylin

American society of clinical oncology/college of american pathologists guideline recommendations for human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 testing in breast cancer

Antonio C. Wolff, M. Elizabeth, Hammond Hk, Jared N. Schwartz, Karen L. Hagerty, D. Craig Allred, Richard J. Cote, Mitchell Dowsett, Patrick L. Fitzgibbons, Wedad Hanna, Amy S. Langer, Lisa M. McShane, Soonmyung Paik, Mark Pegram, Edith A. Ferez, Anthony Rhodes, Catharine M. Sturgeon, Sheila E. Taube, Raymond R. Tubbs, Gail H. Vance, Marc van de Vijver, Thomas M. Wheeler, Daniel F. Hayes

Identification and expansion of human colon-cancer-initiating cells

Lucia Ricci-Vitiani, Dario Lombardi, Emanuela Pilozzi, Mauro Biffoni, Ruggero De Maria

Infectious Diseases Society of America/American Thoracic Society Consensus Guidelines on the Management of Community-Acquired Pneumonia in Adults

Lionel A. Mandell, Richard G. Wunderink, Antonio Anzueto, John G. Bartlett, G. Douglas Campbell, Nathan C. Dean, Scott F. Dowell, Thomas M. File, Daniel M. Musher, Michael S. Niederman, Antonio Torres, Cynthia G. Whitney

Projections of Primary and Revision Hip and Knee Arthroplasty in the United States from 2005 to 2030

Background: Over the past decade, there has been an increase in the number of revision total hip and knee arthroplasties performed in the United States. The purpose of this study was to formulate projections for the number of primary and revision total...

Changes in atmospheric constituents and in radiative forcing

Piers M. Forster, Richard Betts, James M. Haywood, Judith L. Lean, David Lowe, Gunnar Myhre, John Nganga, Ronald G. Prinn, G. B. Raga, Michael Schulz, Rob van Dorland, W. D. Collins, Thomas J. Conway, E. J. Dlugokencky, J. W. Elkins, D. M. Etheridge, Peter V. Foukal, P. J. Fraser, Marvyn Geller, F. Joos, Stefan Kinne, K. R. Lassey, Ulrike Lohmann, Ac Manning, Stephen A. Montzka, D. E. Oram, K. O'Shaughnessy, S. Piper, Gian-Kasper Plattner, M. Ponater, Navin Ramankutty, G. Reid, Karen H. Rosenlof, D. Schwarzkopf, S. K. Solanki, Garry Stenchikov, Nicola Stuber, T. Takemura, Christiane Textor, Ray Wang, Robert E. Weiss, T. Whorf

2007 guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension

G. Mancia, Gui De Backer, Af Dominiczak, R. Cifkova, Fagard R, Giuseppe Germano, G. Grassi, Heagerty Am, Kjeldsen Se, S. Laurent, Narkiewicz K, Luis M. Ruilope, Andrzej Rynkiewicz, Schmieder Re, H A Boudier, Zanchetti A

MET Amplification Leads to Gefitinib Resistance in Lung Cancer by Activating ERBB3 Signaling

The epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) kinase inhibitors gefitinib and erlotinib are effective treatments for lung cancers with EGFR activating mutations, but these tumors invariably develop drug resistance. Here, we describe a gefitinib-sensitive...

Assessment of Child and Adolescent Overweight and Obesity

Accurate appropriate assessment of overweight and obesity in children and adolescents is a critical aspect of contemporary medical care. However, physicians and other health care professionals may find this a somewhat thorny field to enter. The BMI has...

Updating P300: An Integrative Theory of P3a and P3b

The empirical and theoretical development of the P300 event-related brain potential (ERP) is reviewed by considering factors that contribute to its amplitude, latency, and general characteristics. The neuropsychological origins of the P3a and P3b subcomponents...

Identification and analysis of functional elements in 1% of the human genome by the ENCODE pilot project

We report the generation and analysis of functional data from multiple, diverse experiments performed on a targeted 1% of the human genomeas part of the pilot phase of the ENCODE Project. These data have been further integrated and augmented by a number...

A tutorial on spectral clustering

In recent years, spectral clustering has become one of the most popular modern clustering algorithms. It is simple to implement, can be solved efficiently by standard linear algebra software, and very often outperforms traditional clustering algorithms...

Energy Band-Gap Engineering of Graphene Nanoribbons

: We investigate electronic transport in lithographically patterned graphene ribbon structures where the lateral confinement of charge carriers creates an energy gap near the charge neutrality point. Individual graphene layers are contacted with metal...

Applications of ionic liquids in the chemical industry

In contrast to a recently expressed, and widely cited, view that “Ionic liquids are starting to leave academic labs and find their way into a wide variety of industrial applications”, we demonstrate in this critical review that there have been parallel...

A human colon cancer cell capable of initiating tumour growth in immunodeficient mice

Catherine A. O’Brien, Aaron Pollett, Steven Gallinger, John E. Dick

A second generation human haplotype map of over 3.1 million SNPs.

We describe the Phase II HapMap, which characterizes over 3.1 million human single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) genotyped in 270 individuals from four geographically diverse populations and includes 25-35% of common SNP variation in the populations...

MicroRNA Targeting Specificity in Mammals: Determinants Beyond Seed Pairing

Mammalian microRNAs (miRNAs) pair to 3′UTRs of mRNAs to direct their posttranscriptional repression. Important for target recognition are ∼7 nt sites that match the seed region of the miRNA. However, these seed matches are not always sufficient for...

The Nonconcept of Species Diversity: A Critique and Alternative Parameters

The recent literature on species diversity contains many semantic, conceptual, and technical problems. It is suggested that, as a result of these problems, species diversity has become a meaningless concept, that the term be abandoned, and that ecologists...

Comparing Media Systems: three models of media and politics

This book proposes a framework for comparative analysis of the relation between the media and the political system. Building on a survey of media institutions in eighteen West European and North American democracies, Hallin and Mancini identify the principal...

Nanocarriers as an emerging platform for cancer therapy

Dan Peer, Jeffrey M. Karp, Seungpyo Hong, Omid C. Farokhzad, Rimona Margalit, Robert Langer

The Power of Feedback

Feedback is one of the most powerful influences on learning and achievement, but this impact can be either positive or negative. Its power is frequently mentioned in articles about learning and teaching, but surprisingly few recent studies have systematically...

The Power of Feedback.

John Hattie, Helen Timperley

Estimates of the cancer incidence and mortality in Europe in 2006

Background: Monitoring the evolution of the cancer burden in Europe is of great value. Estimates of the cancer burden in Europe have been published for 2004 and estimates are now being presented for cancer incidence and mortality in Europe for 2006. Methods:...

Methods of numerical integration

Philip J. Davis, Philip Rabinowitz

Interaction design : beyond human-computer interaction

Accomplished authors, Preece, Rogers and Sharp, have written a key new textbook on this core subject area. Interaction Design deals with a broad scope of issues, topics and paradigms that has traditionally been the scope of Human-Computer Interaction...

Natural Products as Sources of New Drugs over the Last 25 Years

This review is an updated and expanded version of two prior reviews that were published in this journal in 1997 and 2003. In the case of all approved agents the time frame has been extended to include the 251/2 years from 01/1981 to 06/2006 for all diseases...

The Spread of Obesity in a Large Social Network over 32 Years

Background The prevalence of obesity has increased substantially over the past 30 years. We performed a quantitative analysis of the nature and extent of the person-to-person spread of obesity as a possible factor contributing to the obesity epidemic....

ENHANCEMENTS OF THE SIMPLE METHOD FOR PREDICTING INCOMPRESSIBLE FLUID FLOWS

Variations of the SIMPLE method of Patankar and Spalding have been widely used over the past decade to obtain numerical solutions to problems involving incompressible flows. The present paper shows several modifications to the method which both simplify...

Addressing Moderated Mediation Hypotheses: Theory, Methods, and Prescriptions

This article provides researchers with a guide to properly construe and conduct analyses of conditional indirect effects, commonly known as moderated mediation effects. We disentangle conflicting definitions of moderated mediation and describe approaches...

Multinational enterprise and economic analysis

The third edition of Multinational Enterprise and Economic Analysis surveys the contributions that economic analysis has made to our understanding of why multinational enterprises exist and what consequences they have for the workings of the national...

Overview of the Scalable Video Coding Extension of the H.264/AVC Standard

With the introduction of the H.264/AVC video coding standard, significant improvements have recently been demonstrated in video compression capability. The Joint Video Team of the ITU-T VCEG and the ISO/IEC MPEG has now also standardized a Scalable Video...

Quasi-maximum likelihood estimation and inference in dynamic models with time-varying covariances

We study the properties of the quasi-maximum likelihood estimator (QMLE) and related test statistics in dynamic models that jointly parameterize conditional means and conditional covariances, when a normal log-likelihood os maximized but the assumption...

Prevalence of Chronic Kidney Disease in the United States

Context The prevalence and incidence of kidney failure treated by dialysis and transplantation in the United States have increased from 1988 to 2004. Whether there have been changes in the prevalence of earlier stages of chronic kidney disease (CKD) during...

The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences

The On-Line Encyclopedia of Integer Sequences (or OEIS) is a database of some 130000 number sequences. It is freely available on the Web (http://www.research.att.com/~njas/sequences/) and is widely used.There are several ways in which it benefits research:...

Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation

David R. Patterson, Peter C. Esselman

In vitro reprogramming of fibroblasts into a pluripotent ES-cell-like state

Marius Wernig, Ruth Foreman, Tobias Brambrink, Manching Ku, Konrad Hochedlinger, Bradley E. Bernstein, Rudolf Jaenisch

High-Resolution Crystal Structure of an Engineered Human β2-Adrenergic G Protein–Coupled Receptor

Heterotrimeric guanine nucleotide–binding protein (G protein)–coupled receptors constitute the largest family of eukaryotic signal transduction proteins that communicate across the membrane. We report the crystal structure of a human β2-adrenergic...

Moses: open source toolkit for statistical machine translation

We describe an open-source toolkit for statistical machine translation whose novel contributions are (a) support for linguistically motivated factors, (b) confusion network decoding, and (c) efficient data formats for translation models and language models....

Marketing research : an applied orientation

The content of this 3rd edition marketing research textbook is practical and up to date and is based on an applied and managerially focused approach. Australian an New Zealand research and examples have been thoroughly intergrated into every chapter.

Quality criteria were proposed for measurement properties of health status questionnaires

Recently, an increasing number of systematic reviews have been published in which the measurement properties of health status questionnaires are compared. For a meaningful comparison, quality criteria for measurement properties are needed. Our aim was...

The structure of suspended graphene sheets

: The recent discovery of graphene has sparked significant interest, which has so far been focused on the peculiar electronic structure of this material, in which charge carriers mimic massless relativistic particle. However, the structure of graphene...

Fluorine in pharmaceuticals: looking beyond intuition.

Fluorine substituents have become a widespread and important drug component, their introduction facilitated by the development of safe and selective fluorinating agents. Organofluorine affects nearly all physical and adsorption, distribution, metabolism,...

Identification of Pancreatic Cancer Stem Cells

Emerging evidence has suggested that the capability of a tumor to grow and propagate is dependent on a small subset of cells within a tumor, termed cancer stem cells. Although data have been provided to support this theory in human blood, brain, and breast...

Guidelines for the Early Management of Adults With Ischemic Stroke A Guideline From the American Heart Association/American Stroke Association Stroke Council, Clinical Cardiology Council, Cardiovascular Radiology and Intervention Council, and the Ath

Harold P. Adams, Gregory J. del Zoppo, Mark J. Alberts, Deepak L. Bhatt, Lawrence M. Brass, Anthony J. Furlan, Robert L. Grubb, Randall T. Higashida, Edward C. Jauch, Chelsea S. Kidwell, Patrick D. Lyden, Lewis B. Morgenstern, Adnan I. Qureshi, Robert H. Rosenwasser, Phillip Scott

Guidelines for the Early Management of Adults With Ischemic Stroke

Purpose— Our goal is to provide an overview of the current evidence about components of the evaluation and treatment of adults with acute ischemic stroke. The intended audience is physicians and other emergency healthcare providers who treat patients...

Ontology Matching

Ontologies tend to be found everywhere. They are viewed as the silver bullet for many applications, such as database integration, peer-to-peer systems, e-commerce, semantic web services, or social networks. However, in open or evolving systems, such as...

Genome-wide maps of chromatin state in pluripotent and lineage-committed cells

Tarjei S. Mikkelsen, Manching Ku, David B. Jaffe, Biju Issac, Erez Lieberman, Georgia Giannoukos, Pablo Rebollo Álvarez, William Brockman, Tae-Kyung Kim, Richard Koche, William Lee, Eric M. Mendenhall, Aisling O’Donovan, Aviva Presser, Carsten Russ, Xiaohui Xie, Alexander Meissner, Marius Wernig, Rudolf Jaenisch, Chad Nusbaum, Eric S. Lander, Bradley E. Bernstein

Expert Committee Recommendations Regarding the Prevention, Assessment, and Treatment of Child and Adolescent Overweight and Obesity: Summary Report

To revise 1998 recommendations on childhood obesity, an Expert Committee, comprised of representatives from 15 professional organizations, appointed experienced scientists and clinicians to 3 writing groups to review the literature and recommend approaches...

Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification

Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration is expected to exceed 500 parts per million and global temperatures to rise by at least 2°C by 2050 to 2100, values that significantly exceed those of at least the past 420,000 years during which most extant marine...

Erlotinib Plus Gemcitabine Compared With Gemcitabine Alone in Patients With Advanced Pancreatic Cancer: A Phase III Trial of the National Cancer Institute of Canada Clinical Trials Group

Purpose Patients with advanced pancreatic cancer have a poor prognosis and there have been no improvements in survival since the introduction of gemcitabine in 1996. Pancreatic tumors often overexpress human epidermal growth factor receptor type 1 (HER1/EGFR)...

Spontaneous fluctuations in brain activity observed with functional magnetic resonance imaging

The majority of functional neuroscience studies have focused on the brain's response to a task or stimulus. However, the brain is very active even in the absence of explicit input or output. In this Article we review recent studies examining spontaneous...

Preparation and characterization of graphene oxide paper.

Dmitriy A. Dikin, Sasha Stankovich, Eric J. Zimney, Richard D. Piner, Geoffrey H. B. Dommett, Guennadi Evmenenko, SonBinh T. Nguyen, Rodney S. Ruoff

Market Liquidity and Funding Liquidity

We provide a model that links an asset's market liquidity; i.e., the ease with which it is traded; and traders' funding liquidity, i.e. the ease with which they can obtain funding. Traders provide market liquidity, and their ability to do so depends on...

CLUMPP: a cluster matching and permutation program for dealing with label switching and multimodality in analysis of population structure

Motivation: Clustering of individuals into populations on the basis of multilocus genotypes is informative in a variety of settings. In population-genetic clustering algorithms, such as BAPS, STRUCTURE and TESS, individual multilocus genotypes are partitioned...

Sparse MRI: The Application of Compressed Sensing for Rapid MR Imaging

The sparsity which is implicit in MR images is exploited to significantly undersample k -space. Some MR images such as angiograms are already sparse in the pixel representation; other, more complicated images have a sparse representation in some transform...

European guidelines on cardiovascular disease prevention in clinical practice: executive summary

Guidelines and Expert Consensus Documents summarize and evaluate all currently available evidence on a particular issue with the aim to assist physicians in selecting the best management strategies for a typical patient, suffering from a given condition,...

Efficient Tandem Polymer Solar Cells Fabricated by All-Solution Processing

Tandem solar cells, in which two solar cells with different absorption characteristics are linked to use a wider range of the solar spectrum, were fabricated with each layer processed from solution with the use of bulk heterojunction materials comprising...

Quantum Spin Hall Insulator State in HgTe Quantum Wells

Recent theory predicted that the quantum spin Hall effect, a fundamentally new quantum state of matter that exists at zero external magnetic field, may be realized in HgTe/(Hg,Cd)Te quantum wells. We fabricated such sample structures with low density...

Climate Change, 2007

Milton H. Saier

ALDH1 is a marker of normal and malignant human mammary stem cells and a predictor of poor clinical outcome.

Application of stem cell biology to breast cancer research has been limited by the lack of simple methods for identification and isolation of normal and malignant stem cells. Utilizing in vitro and in vivo experimental systems, we show that normal and...

Research criteria for the diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease: revising the NINCDS–ADRDA criteria

The NINCDS–ADRDA and the DSM-IV-TR criteria for Alzheimer’s disease (AD) are the prevailing diagnostic standards in research; however, they have now fallen behind the unprecedented growth of scientifi c knowledge. Distinctive and reliable biomarkers...

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