CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 2003

Page 1
Matrix computations

A large proportion of the scientific calculations performed on computers involves matrices. Partly, this is because of the ubiquity of matrices in the mathematics of scientific problems, but it is also partly due to the fact that the use of matrices is...

Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) Routing

The Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) routing protocol is intended for use by mobile nodes in an ad hoc network. It offers quick adaptation to dynamic link conditions, low processing and memory overhead, low network utilization, and determines unicast...

COMMON METHOD BIASES IN BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH: A CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND RECOMMENDED REMEDIES

Philip M. Podsakoff, Scott B. MacKenzie, Jeong-Yeon Lee, Nathan P. Podsakoff

MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models

Summary: MrBayes 3 performs Bayesian phylogenetic analysis combining information from different data partitions or subsets evolving under different stochastic evolutionary models. This allows the user to analyze heterogeneous data sets consisting of different...

Measuring inconsistency in meta-analyses

Cochrane Reviews have recently started including the quantity I 2 to help readers assess the consistency of the results of studies in meta-analyses. What does this new quantity mean, and why is assessment of heterogeneity so important to clinical practice?...

Latent dirichlet allocation

We describe latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA), a generative probabilistic model for collections of discrete data such as text corpora. LDA is a three-level hierarchical Bayesian model, in which each item of a collection is modeled as a finite mixture...

The structure and function of complex networks

Inspired by empirical studies of networked systems such as the Internet, social networks, and biological networks, researchers have in recent years developed a variety of techniques and models to help us understand or predict the behavior of these systems....

User acceptance of information technology: toward a unified view

Information technology (IT) acceptance research has yielded many competing models, each with different sets of acceptance determinants. In this paper, we (1) review user acceptance literature and discuss eight prominent models, (2) empirically compare...

Single-crystal structure validation with the program PLATON

The results of a single-crystal structure determination when in CIF format can now be validated routinely by automatic procedures. In this way, many errors in published papers can be avoided. The validation software generates a set of ALERTS detailing...

First Year Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) Observations: Determination of Cosmological Parameters

WMAP precision data enable accurate testing of cosmological models. We find that the emerging standard model of cosmology, a flat � -dominated universe seeded by a nearly scale-invariant adiabatic Gaussian fluctuations, fits the WMAP data. For the WMAP...

A simple, fast, and accurate algorithm to estimate large phylogenies by maximum likelihood

The increase in the number of large data sets and the complexity of current probabilistic sequence evolution models necessitates fast and reliable phylogeny reconstruction methods. We describe a new approach, based on the maximumlikelihood principle,...

Dynamic Programming

This classic book is an introduction to dynamic programming, presented by the scientist who coined the term and developed the theory in its early stages. In Dynamic Programming, Richard E. Bellman introduces his groundbreaking theory and furnishes a new...

RTP: A Transport Protocol for Real-Time Applications

This memorandum describes RTP, the real-time transport protocol. RTP provides end-to-end network transport functions suitable for applications transmitting real-time data, such as audio, video or simulation data, over multicast or unicast network services....

The biology of VEGF and its receptors

Napoleone Ferrara, Hans-Peter Gerber, Jennifer LeCouter

Social Cognitive Theory: An Agentic Perspective

▪ Abstract The capacity to exercise control over the nature and quality of one's life is the essence of humanness. Human agency is characterized by a number of core features that operate through phenomenal and functional consciousness. These include...

Report of the Expert Committee on the Diagnosis and Classification of Diabetes Mellitus

nosis of diabetes were warranted. The Committee met on multiple occasions and widely circulated a draft report of their findings and preliminary recommendations to the international diabetes community. Based on the numerous comments and suggestions received,...

Obesity is associated with macrophage accumulation in adipose tissue

Stuart P. Weisberg, Manisha Desai, Michael Rosenbaum, W Anthony Ferrante

Mfold web server for nucleic acid folding and hybridization prediction

The abbreviated name,‘mfold web server’,describes a number of closely related software applications available on the World Wide Web (WWW) for the prediction of the secondary structure of single stranded nucleic acids. The objective of this web server...

INNATE IMMUNE RECOGNITION

▪ Abstract The innate immune system is a universal and ancient form of host defense against infection. Innate immune recognition relies on a limited number of germline-encoded receptors. These receptors evolved to recognize conserved products of microbial...

THE ATTENTION SYSTEM OF THE HUMAN BRAIN

Michael I. Posner, Steven E. Petersen

The description logic handbook: theory, implementation, and applications

Description logics are embodied in several knowledge-based systems and are used to develop various real-life applications. Now in paperback, The Description Logic Handbook provides a thorough account of the subject, covering all aspects of research in...

Surface plasmon subwavelength optics

W. L. Barnes, Alain Dereux, Thomas W. Ebbesen

THE UBIQUITIN SYSTEM

▪ Abstract The selective degradation of many short-lived proteins in eukaryotic cells is carried out by the ubiquitin system. In this pathway, proteins are targeted for degradation by covalent ligation to ubiquitin, a highly conserved small protein....

Immunobiology of Dendritic Cells

Dendritic cells (DCs) are antigen-presenting cells with a unique ability to induce primary immune responses. DCs capture and transfer information from the outside world to the cells of the adaptive immune system. DCs are not only critical for the induction...

Testing for unit roots in heterogeneous panels

This paper proposes unit root tests for dynamic heterogeneous panels based on the mean of individual unit root statistics. In particular it proposes a standardized t -bar test statistic based on the (augmented) Dickey–Fuller statistics averaged across...

An introduction to variable and feature selection

Variable and feature selection have become the focus of much research in areas of application for which datasets with tens or hundreds of thousands of variables are available. These areas include text processing of internet documents, gene expression...

BIRDS OF A FEATHER: Homophily in Social Networks

■ Abstract Similarity breeds connection. This principle—the homophily principle—structures network ties of every type, including marriage, friendship, work, advice, support, information transfer, exchange, comembership, and other types of relationship....

Xen and the art of virtualization

Numerous systems have been designed which use virtualization to subdivide the ample resources of a modern computer. Some require specialized hardware, or cannot support commodity operating systems. Some target 100% binary compatibility at the expense...

Overview of the H.264/AVC video coding standard

H.264/AVC is newest video coding standard of the ITU-T Video Coding Experts Group and the ISO/IEC Moving Picture Experts Group. The main goals of the H.264/AVC standardization effort have been enhanced compression performance and provision of a "network-friendly"...

Statistical Inference

From the Publisher:Unified treatment of probability and statistics examines and analyzes the relationship between the two fields, exploring inferential issues. Numerous problems, examples, and diagrams--some with solutions--plus clear-cut, highlighted...

Chord: a scalable peer-to-peer lookup protocol for Internet applications

A fundamental problem that confronts peer-to-peer applications is the efficient location of the node that stores a desired data item. This paper presents Chord, a distributed lookup protocol that addresses this problem. Chord provides support for just...

Staging of brain pathology related to sporadic Parkinson’s disease

Sporadic Parkinson’s disease involves multiple neuronal systems and results from changes developing in a few susceptible types of nerve cells. Essential for neuropathological diagnosis are α-synuclein-immunopositive Lewy neurites and Lewy bodies. The...

Finding and evaluating community structure in networks

We propose and study a set of algorithms for discovering community structure in networks—natural divisions of network nodes into densely connected subgroups. Our algorithms all share two definitive features: first, they involve iterative removal of...

AN INTEGRATIVE THEORY OF PREFRONTAL CORTEX FUNCTION

▪ Abstract The prefrontal cortex has long been suspected to play an important role in cognitive control, in the ability to orchestrate thought and action in accordance with internal goals. Its neural basis, however, has remained a mystery. Here, we...

Exploration, normalization, and summaries of high density oligonucleotide array probe level data

some familiar features of the perfect match and mismatch probe (PM and MM) values of these data, and examine the variance‐mean relationship with probe-level data from probes believed to be defective, and so delivering noise only. We explain why we need...

NF-κB AND REL PROTEINS: Evolutionarily Conserved Mediators of Immune Responses

▪ Abstract The transcription factor NF-κB, more than a decade after its discovery, remains an exciting and active area of study. The involvement of NF-κB in the expression of numerous cytokines and adhesion molecules has supported its role as an...

Prevalence of Obesity, Diabetes, and Obesity-Related Health Risk Factors, 2001

Context Obesity and diabetes are increasing in the United States.Objective To estimate the prevalence of obesity and diabetes among US adults in 2001.Design, Setting, and Participants Random-digit telephone survey of 195 005 adults aged 18 years or older...

Computational complexity

Once we have developed an algorithm (q.v.) for solving a computational problem and analyzed its worst-case time requirements as a function of the size of its input (most usefully, in terms of the O-notation; see ALGORITHMS, ANALYSIS OF), it is inevitable...

A performance evaluation of local descriptors

In this paper we compare the performance of interest point descriptors. Many different descriptors have been proposed in the literature. However, it is unclear which descriptors are more appropriate and how their performance depends on the interest point...

The Surface Science of Titanium Dioxide

Titanium dioxide is the most investigated single-crystalline system in the surface science of metal oxides, and the literature on rutile (1 1 0), (1 0 0), (0 0 1),...

Face recognition: A literature survey

As one of the most successful applications of image analysis and understanding, face recognition has recently received significant attention, especially during the past several years. At least two reasons account for this trend: the first is the wide...

Unequal treatment : confronting racial and ethnic disparities in health care

Racial and ethnic disparities in health care are known to reflect access to care and other issues that arise from differing socioeconomic conditions. There is, however, increasing evidence that even after such differences are accounted for, race and ethnicity...

Cytoscape: A Software Environment for Integrated Models of Biomolecular Interaction Networks

Paul Shannon, Andrew Markiel, Owen Ozier, Nitin S. Baliga, Jonathan T. Wang, Daniel Ramage, Nada Amin, Benno Schwikowski, Trey Ideker

Social Capital: Its Origins and Applications in Modern Sociology

This paper reviews the origins and definitions of social capital in the writings of Bourdieu, Loury, and Coleman, among other authors. It distinguishes four sources of social capital and examines their dynamics. Applications of the concept in the sociological...

User cooperation diversity. Part I. System description

Mobile users' data rate and quality of service are limited by the fact that, within the duration of any given call, they experience severe variations in signal attenuation, thereby necessitating the use of some type of diversity. In this two-part paper,...

INTERLEUKIN-10 AND THE INTERLEUKIN-10 RECEPTOR

▪ Abstract Interleukin-10 (IL-10), first recognized for its ability to inhibit activation and effector function of T cells, monocytes, and macrophages, is a multifunctional cytokine with diverse effects on most hemopoietic cell types. The principal...

DnaSP, DNA polymorphism analyses by the coalescent and other methods

Summary: DnaSP is a software package for the analysis of DNA polymorphism data. Present version introduces several new modules and features which, among other options allow: (1) handling big data sets (∼5 Mb per sequence); (2) conducting a large number...

Emotion Circuits in the Brain

The field of neuroscience has, after a long period of looking the other way, again embraced emotion as an important research area. Much of the progress has come from studies of fear, and especially fear conditioning. This work has pinpointed the amygdala...

Marine natural products.

ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 200 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract, please click on HTML or PDF.

The vision of autonomic computing

A 2001 IBM manifesto observed that a looming software complexity crisis -caused by applications and environments that number into the tens of millions of lines of code - threatened to halt progress in computing. The manifesto noted the almost impossible...

Statistical significance for genomewide studies

With the increase in genomewide experiments and the sequencing of multiple genomes, the analysis of large data sets has become com- monplace in biology. It is often the case that thousands of features in a genomewide data set are tested against some null...

Image registration methods: a survey

This paper aims to present a review of recent as well as classic image registration methods. Image registration is the process of overlaying images (two or more) of the same scene taken at different times, from different viewpoints, and/or by different...

The Google file system

We have designed and implemented the Google File System, a scalable distributed file system for large distributed data-intensive applications. It provides fault tolerance while running on inexpensive commodity hardware, and it delivers high aggregate...

International physical activity questionnaire : 12-country reliability and validity

This work has been made available to the staff and students of the University of Sydney for the purposes of research and study only. It constitutes material that is held by the University for the purposes of reporting for HERDC and the ERA. This work...

Cloned Glutamate Receptors

Michael Hollmann, Stephen F. Heinemann

Phosphorylation Meets Ubiquitination: The Control of NF-κB Activity

NF-κB (nuclear factor-κB) is a collective name for inducible dimeric transcription factors composed of members of the Rel family of DNA-binding proteins that recognize a common sequence motif. NF-κB is found in essentially all cell types and is involved...

A comparison of normalization methods for high density oligonucleotide array data based on variance and bias

Motivation: When running experiments that involve multiple high density oligonucleotide arrays, it is important to remove sources of variation between arrays of non-biological origin. Normalization is a process for reducing this variation. It is common...

The DeLone and McLean Model of Information Systems Success: A Ten-Year Update

Ten years ago, we presented the DeLone and McLean Information Systems (IS) Success Model as a framework and model for measuring the complex-dependent variable in IS research. In this paper, we discuss many of the important IS success research contributions...

Framing Processes and Social Movements: An Overview and Assessment

■ Abstract The recent proliferation of scholarship on collective action frames and framing processes in relation to social movements indicates that framing processes have come to be regarded, alongside resource mobilization and political opportunity...

DAVID: Database for Annotation, Visualization, and Integrated Discovery

The distributed nature of biological knowledge poses a major challenge to the interpretation of genome-scale datasets, including those derived from microarray and proteomic studies. This report describes DAVID, a web-accessible program that integrates...

The Epidemiology of Major Depressive Disorder: Results From the National Comorbidity Survey Replication (NCS-R)

Context Uncertainties exist about prevalence and correlates of major depressive disorder (MDD).Objective To present nationally representative data on prevalence and correlates of MDD by Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition...

Coordination of groups of mobile autonomous agents using nearest neighbor rules

In a recent Physical Review Letters article, Vicsek et al. propose a simple but compelling discrete-time model of n autonomous agents (i.e., points or particles) all moving in the plane with the same speed but with different headings. Each agent's heading...

Research methods for business students

Mark N. K. Saunders, Philip Lewis, Adrian Thornhill

THE GREEN FLUORESCENT PROTEIN

▪ Abstract In just three years, the green fluorescent protein (GFP) from the jellyfish Aequorea victoria has vaulted from obscurity to become one of the most widely studied and exploited proteins in biochemistry and cell biology. Its amazing ability...

Biological identifications through DNA barcodes

Although much biological research depends upon species diagnoses, taxonomic expertise is collapsing. We are convinced that the sole prospect for a sustainable identification capability lies in the construction of systems that employ DNA sequences as taxon...

Polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites: a review from preparation to processing

A review is given of the academic and industrial aspects of the preparation, characterization, materials properties, crystallization behavior, melt rheology, and processing of polymer/layered silicate nanocomposites. These materials are attracting considerable...

Reticular synthesis and the design of new materials

Omar M. Yaghi, Michael O'Keeffe, Nathan W. Ockwig, Hee K. Chae, Mohamed Eddaoudi, Jaheon Kim

Short-Term Synaptic Plasticity

▪ Abstract Synaptic transmission is a dynamic process. Postsynaptic responses wax and wane as presynaptic activity evolves. This prominent characteristic of chemical synaptic transmission is a crucial determinant of the response properties of synapses...

Ethnicity, Insurgency, and Civil War

Between 1945 and 1999, about 3.33 million battle deaths occurred in the 25 interstate wars that killed at least 1,000 and had at least 100 dead on each side. These wars involved just 25 states that suffered casualties of at least 1,000 and had a median...

Markers of Inflammation and Cardiovascular Disease Application to Clinical and Public Health Practice: A Statement for Healthcare Professionals From the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American Heart Association

Thomas A. Pearson, George A. Mensah, R. Wayne Alexander, Jeffrey L. Anderson, Michael H. Criqui, Yazid Y. Fadl, Stephen P. Fortmann, Yuling Hong, Gary L. Myers, Sidney C. Smith, Kathryn A. Taubert, Russell P. Tracy, Frank Vinicor

Kernel-based object tracking

A new approach toward target representation and localization, the central component in visual tracking of nonrigid objects, is proposed. The feature histogram-based target representations are regularized by spatial masking with an isotropic kernel. The...

THE NF-κB AND IκB PROTEINS: New Discoveries and Insights

▪ Abstract The transcription factor NF-κB has attracted widespread attention among researchers in many fields based on the following: its unusual and rapid regulation, the wide range of genes that it controls, its central role in immunological processes,...

An automated method for neuroanatomic and cytoarchitectonic atlas-based interrogation of fMRI data sets

Analysis and interpretation of functional MRI (fMRI) data have traditionally been based on identifying areas of significance on a thresholded statistical map of the entire imaged brain volume. This form of analysis can be likened to a “fishing expedition.”...

Mechanisms of TGF-β Signaling from Cell Membrane to the Nucleus

TGF-β signaling controls a plethora of cellular responses and figures prominently in animal development. Recent cellular, biochemical, and structural studies have revealed significant insight into the mechanisms of the activation of TGF-β receptors...

SWISS-MODEL: an automated protein homology-modeling server

SWISS-MODEL (http://swissmodel.expasy.org) is a server for automated comparative modeling of three-dimensional (3D) protein structures. It pioneered the field of automated modeling starting in 1993 and is the most widely-used free web-based automated...

The psychology of criminal conduct

D. A. Andrews, James Bonta

The nuclear RNase III Drosha initiates microRNA processing

Yoontae Lee, Jinju Han, Hyounjeong Choi, Jae-Kwang Kim, Jeongbin Yim, Junho Lee, Patrick Provost, Olof Rådmark, Sunyoung Kim, V. Narry Kim

LATTICE BOLTZMANN METHOD FOR FLUID FLOWS

▪ Abstract We present an overview of the lattice Boltzmann method (LBM), a parallel and efficient algorithm for simulating single-phase and multiphase fluid flows and for incorporating additional physical complexities. The LBM is especially useful...

Digital Image Processing Using MATLAB

Rafael C. Gonzalez, Richard E. Woods, Steven L. Eddins

Inference of Population Structure Using Multilocus Genotype Data: Linked Loci and Correlated Allele Frequencies

We describe extensions to the method of Pritchard et al. for inferring population structure from multilocus genotype data. Most importantly, we develop methods that allow for linkage between loci. The new model accounts for the correlations between linked...

Osteoclast differentiation and activation

William J. Boyle, W. Scott Simonet, David L. Lacey

TOLL-LIKE RECEPTORS

▪ Abstract The innate immune system in drosophila and mammals senses the invasion of microorganisms using the family of Toll receptors, stimulation of which initiates a range of host defense mechanisms. In drosophila antimicrobial responses rely on...

Epigenetic regulation of gene expression: how the genome integrates intrinsic and environmental signals

Cells of a multicellular organism are genetically homogeneous but structurally and functionally heterogeneous owing to the differential expression of genes. Many of these differences in gene expression arise during development and are subsequently retained...

A review on polymer nanofibers by electrospinning and their applications in nanocomposites

Electrospinning has been recognized as an efficient technique for the fabrication of polymer nanofibers. Various polymers have been successfully electrospun into ultrafine fibers in recent years mostly in solvent solution and some in melt form. Potential...

ASCORBATE AND GLUTATHIONE: Keeping Active Oxygen Under Control.

▪ Abstract To cope with environmental fluctuations and to prevent invasion by pathogens, plant metabolism must be flexible and dynamic. Active oxygen species, whose formation is accelerated under stress conditions, must be rapidly processed if oxidative...

Tolerogenic dendritic cells.

▪ Abstract Dendritic cells (DCs) have several functions in innate and adaptive immunity. In addition, there is increasing evidence that DCs in situ induce antigen-specific unresponsiveness or tolerance in central lymphoid organs and in the periphery....

SALT AND DROUGHT STRESS SIGNAL TRANSDUCTION IN PLANTS

▪ Abstract Salt and drought stress signal transduction consists of ionic and osmotic homeostasis signaling pathways, detoxification (i.e., damage control and repair) response pathways, and pathways for growth regulation. The ionic aspect of salt stress...

Chronic inflammation in fat plays a crucial role in the development of obesity-related insulin resistance

Insulin resistance arises from the inability of insulin to act normally in regulating nutrient metabolism in peripheral tissues. Increasing evidence from human population studies and animal research has established correlative as well as causative links...

Trust and TAM in online shopping: an integrated model

A separate and distinct interaction with both the actual e-vendor and with its IT Web site interface is at the heart of online shopping. Previous research has established, accordingly, that online purchase intentions are the product of both consumer assessments...

Limit theorems for stochastic processes

Ditlev Monrad, Jean Jacod, A. N. Shiryaev

The Benefits of Being Present: Mindfulness and Its Role in Psychological Well-Being

Mindfulness is an attribute of consciousness long believed to promote well-being. This research provides a theoretical and empirical examination of the role of mindfulness in psychological well-being. The development and psychometric properties of the...

On Happiness and Human Potentials: A Review of Research on Hedonic and Eudaimonic Well-Being

▪ Abstract Well-being is a complex construct that concerns optimal experience and functioning. Current research on well-being has been derived from two general perspectives: the hedonic approach, which focuses on happiness and defines well-being in...

Can the Subaltern Speak

Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak

Repeated observation of breast tumor subtypes in independent gene expression data sets

Therese Sørlie, Robert Tibshirani, Joel S. Parker, Trevor Hastie, J. S. Marron, Andrew B. Nobel, Shibing Deng, Hilde Johnsen, Robert Pesich, Stephanie Geisler, Janos Demeter, Charles M. Perou, Per Eystein Lønning, Patrick O. Brown, Anne-Lise Børresen-Dale, David Botstein

Fingerprints of global warming on wild animals and plants

Terry L. Root, Jeff T. Price, Kimberly R. Hall, Stephen H. Schneider, Cynthia Rosenzweig, J. Alan Pounds

Cellular Motility Driven by Assembly and Disassembly of Actin Filaments

Motile cells extend a leading edge by assembling a branched network of actin filaments that produces physical force as the polymers grow beneath the plasma membrane. A core set of proteins including actin, Arp2/3 complex, profilin, capping protein, and...

Requirement of Hippocampal Neurogenesis for the Behavioral Effects of Antidepressants

Various chronic antidepressant treatments increase adult hippocampal neurogenesis, but the functional importance of this phenomenon remains unclear. Here, using genetic and radiological methods, we show that disrupting antidepressantinduced neurogenesis...

Video Google: a text retrieval approach to object matching in videos

We describe an approach to object and scene retrieval which searches for and localizes all the occurrences of a user outlined object in a video. The object is represented by a set of viewpoint invariant region descriptors so that recognition can proceed...

Calcium signalling: dynamics, homeostasis and remodelling

Ca 2+ is a highly versatile intracellular signal that operates over a wide temporal range to regulate many different cellular processes. An extensive Ca 2+ -signalling toolkit is used to assemble signalling systems with very different spatial and temporal...

Primary angioplasty versus intravenous thrombolytic therapy for acute myocardial infarction: a quantitative review of 23 randomized trials

Summary Background Many trials have been done to compare primary percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty (PTCA) with thrombolytic therapy for acute ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (AMI). Our aim was to look at the combined results of...

Applications of magnetic nanoparticles in biomedicine

The physical principles underlying some current biomedical applications of magnetic nanoparticles are reviewed. Starting from well-known basic concepts, and drawing on examples from biology and biomedicine, the relevant physics of magnetic materials and...

The Physiology of the Grid

Ian Foster, Carl Kesselman, Jeffrey M. Nick, Steven Tuecke

Multiple sequence alignment with the Clustal series of programs

The Clustal series of programs are widely used in molecular biology for the multiple alignment of both nucleic acid and protein sequences and for preparing phylogenetic trees. The popularity of the programs depends on a number of factors, including not...

Next »
1 2 3 4 5 6 ... Last

© 2016 CiteWeb.info — WorldWeb citation database

Up ↑