CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 2002

Page 1
Hierarchical linear models : applications and data analysis methods

Harvey Goldstein, Anthony S. Bryk, Stephen W. Raudenbush

A fast and elitist multiobjective genetic algorithm: NSGA-II

Multi-objective evolutionary algorithms (MOEAs) that use non-dominated sorting and sharing have been criticized mainly for: (1) their O(MN/sup 3/) computational complexity (where M is the number of objectives and N is the population size); (2) their non-elitism...

Wireless sensor networks: a survey

This paper describes the concept of sensor networks which has been made viable by the convergence of micro-electro-mechanical systems technology, wireless communications and digital electronics. First, the sensing tasks and the potential sensor networks...

Quantifying heterogeneity in a meta‐analysis

SUMMARY The extent of heterogeneity in a meta-analysis partly determines the diculty in drawing overall con- clusions. This extent may be measured by estimating a between-study variance, but interpretation is then specic to a particular treatment eect...

Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin

Background Type 2 diabetes affects approximately 8 percent of adults in the United States. Some risk factors — elevated plasma glucose concentrations in the fasting state and after an oral glucose load, overweight, and a sedentary lifestyle — are...

A survey on sensor networks

The advancement in wireless communications and electronics has enabled the development of low-cost sensor networks. The sensor networks can be used for various application areas (e.g., health, military, home). For different application areas, there are...

Capitalism and Freedom

Selected by the Times Literary Supplement as one of the "hundred most influential books since the war" How can we benefit from the promise of government while avoiding the threat it poses to individual freedom? In this classic book, Milton Friedman provides...

Risks and benefits of estrogen plus progestin in healthy postmenopausal women: principal results From the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled trial

Jacques E. Rossouw, Ross L. Prentice, Charles Kooperberg, Marcia L. Stefanick, Rebecca D. Jackson, Shirley A. A. Beresford, Barbara V. Howard, Karen C. Johnson, Jane Morley Kotchen, Judith K. Ockene

The statistical analysis of failure time data

John D. Kalbfleisch, Ross L. Prentice

Computer architecture: a quantitative approach

This best-selling title, considered for over a decade to be essential reading for every serious student and practitioner of computer design, has been updated throughout to address the most important trends facing computer designers today. In this edition,...

Ordinary differential equations

Ordinary differential equations

The Amyloid Hypothesis of Alzheimer's Disease: Progress and Problems on the Road to Therapeutics

It has been more than 10 years since it was first proposed that the neurodegeneration in Alzheimer's disease (AD) may be caused by deposition of amyloid β-peptide (Aβ) in plaques in brain tissue. According to the amyloid hypothesis, accumulation of...

Geant4—a simulation toolkit

G eant 4 is a toolkit for simulating the passage of particles through matter. It includes a complete range of functionality including tracking, geometry, physics models and hits. The physics processes offered cover a comprehensive range, including electromagnetic,...

Accurate normalization of real-time quantitative RT-PCR data by geometric averaging of multiple internal control genes

Gene-expression analysis is increasingly important in biological research, with real-time reverse transcription PCR (RT-PCR) becoming the method of choice for high-throughput and accurate expression profiling of selected genes. Given the increased sensitivity,...

Mean shift: a robust approach toward feature space analysis

A general non-parametric technique is proposed for the analysis of a complex multimodal feature space and to delineate arbitrarily shaped clusters in it. The basic computational module of the technique is an old pattern recognition procedure: the mean...

Cultivating Communities of Practice: A Guide to Managing Knowledge

From the Publisher:In Cultivating Communities of Practice, Etienne Wenger, Richard McDermott, and William M. Snyder argue that while communities form naturally, organizations need to become more proactive and systematic about developing and integrating...

Pluripotency of mesenchymal stem cells derived from adult marrow

We report here that cells co-purifying with mesenchymal stem cells—termed here multipotent adult progenitor cells or MAPCs—differentiate, at the single cell level, not only into mesenchymal cells, but also cells with visceral mesoderm, neuroectoderm...

An application-specific protocol architecture for wireless microsensor networks

Networking together hundreds or thousands of cheap microsensor nodes allows users to accurately monitor a remote environment by intelligently combining the data from the individual nodes. These networks require robust wireless communication protocols...

Organizational behavior

Course Technology ILT manuals facilitate your learning by providing structured interaction with the software itself. It provides text to explain difficult concepts, the hands-on activities are the focus of our courses. The basic approach of setting expectations,...

Coordination of groups of mobile autonomous agents using nearest neighbor rules

Vicsek et al. proposed (1995) a simple but compelling discrete-time model of n autonomous agents {i.e., points or particles} all moving in the plane with the same speed but with different headings. Each agent's heading is updated using a local rule based...

Carbon Nanotubes¿the Route Toward Applications

Many potential applications have been proposed for carbon nanotubes, including conductive and high-strength composites; energy storage and energy conversion devices; sensors; field emission displays and radiation sources; hydrogen storage media; and nanometer-sized...

Automated Anatomical Labeling of Activations in SPM Using a Macroscopic Anatomical Parcellation of the MNI MRI Single-Subject Brain

An anatomical parcellation of the spatially normalized single-subject high-resolution T1 volume provided by the Montreal Neurological Institute (MNI) (D. L. Collins et al., 1998, Trans. Med. Imag. 17, 463–468) was performed. The MNI single-subject...

Review of particle physics

This biennial Review summarizes much of particle physics. Using data from previous editions, plus 2658 new measurements from 644 papers, we list, evaluate, and average measured properties of gauge bosons, leptons, quarks, mesons, and baryons. We summarize...

A tutorial on particle filters for online nonlinear/non-Gaussian Bayesian tracking

Increasingly, for many application areas, it is becoming important to include elements of nonlinearity and non-Gaussianity in order to model accurately the underlying dynamics of a physical system. Moreover, it is typically crucial to process data on-line...

Refactoring: Improving the Design of Existing Code

Almost every expert in Object-Oriented Development stresses the importance of iterative development. As you proceed with the iterative development, you need to add function to the existing code base. If you are really lucky that code base is structured...

Machine learning in automated text categorization

The automated categorization (or classification) of texts into predefined categories has witnessed a booming interest in the last 10 years, due to the increased availability of documents in digital form and the ensuing need to organize them. In the research...

Multiresolution gray-scale and rotation invariant texture classification with local binary patterns

Presents a theoretically very simple, yet efficient, multiresolution approach to gray-scale and rotation invariant texture classification based on local binary patterns and nonparametric discrimination of sample and prototype distributions. The method...

Social Capital: Prospects for a New Concept

A growing number oi sociologists, political scientists, economists, and organizational theorists have invoked the concept of social capital in the search for answers to a broadening range of questions being confronted in their own fields. Seeking to clarify...

Bayesian measures of model complexity and fit

We consider the problem of comparing complex hierarchical models in which the number of parameters is not clearly defined. Using an information theoretic argument we derive a measure "p" "D" for the effective number of parameters in a model as the difference...

The particle swarm - explosion, stability, and convergence in a multidimensional complex space

The particle swarm is an algorithm for finding optimal regions of complex search spaces through the interaction of individuals in a population of particles. This paper analyzes a particle's trajectory as it moves in discrete time (the algebraic view),...

Analysis of longitudinal data

Peter J. Diggle, Patrick J. Heagerty, Kung-Yee Liang

The Impact of Trade on Intra-Industry Reallocations and Aggregate Industry Productivity

This paper develops a dynamic industry model with heterogeneous Þrms to analyze the intra-industry effects of international trade. The model shows how the exposure to trade will induce only the more productive Þrms to enter the export market (while...

New functions for the matrix metalloproteinases in cancer progression

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) have long been associated with cancer-cell invasion and metastasis. This provided the rationale for clinical trials of MMP inhibitors, unfortunately with disappointing results. We now know, however, that the MMPs have...

THE METABOLIC SYNDROME AND TOTAL AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE MORTALITY IN MIDDLE-AGED MEN

Hanna-Maaria Lakka, David E. Laaksonen, Timo A. Lakka, Leo Niskanen, Esko Kumpusalo, Jaakko Tuomilehto, Jukka T. Salonen

Pharmaceuticals, hormones, and other organic wastewater contaminants in U.S. streams, 1999-2000: A national reconnaissance

To provide the first nationwide reconnaissance of the occurrence of pharmaceuticals, hormones, and other organic wastewater contaminants (OWCs) in water resources, the U.S. Geological Survey used five newly developed analytical methods to measure concentrations...

The SIESTA method for ab initio order-N materials simulation

We have developed and implemented a selfconsistent density functional method using standard norm-conserving pseudopotentials and a flexible, numerical linear combination of atomic orbitals basis set, which includes multiple-zeta and polarization orbitals....

New Generation of Parton Distributions with Uncertainties from Global QCD Analysis

: A new generation of parton distribution functions with increased precision and quantitative estimates of uncertainties is presented. This work significantly extends previous CTEQ and other global analyses on two fronts: (i) a full treatment of available...

EPITHELIAL-MESENCHYMAL TRANSITIONS IN TUMOUR PROGRESSION

EPITHELIAL-MESENCHYMAL TRANSITIONS IN TUMOUR PROGRESSION

Cardiovascular morbidity and mortality in the Losartan Intervention For Endpoint reduction in hypertension study (LIFE): a randomised trial against atenolol

Blood pressure reduction achieved with β-blockers and diuretics is the best recorded intervention to date for prevention of cardiovascular morbidity and death in patients with hypertension. Left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) is a strong independent indicator...

Mutations of the BRAF gene in human cancer

Mutations of the BRAF gene in human cancer. Cancers arise owing to the accumulation of mutations in critical genes that alter normal programmes of cell proliferation, differentiation and death. As the first stage of a systematic genome-wide screen for...

Integrins: bidirectional, allosteric signaling machines.

In their roles as major adhesion receptors, integrins signal across the plasma membrane in both directions. Recent structural and cell biological data suggest models for how integrins transmit signals between their extracellular ligand binding adhesion...

World Reference Base for Soil Resources

Jozef Deckers, P. M. Driessen, O. Spaargaren

Unit root tests in panel data: asymptotic and finite-sample properties

We consider pooling cross-section time series data for testing the unit root hypothesis. The degree of persistence in individual regression error, the intercept and trend coefficient are allowed to vary freely across individuals. As both the cross-section...

Missing Data: Our View of the State of the Art

Joseph L. Schafer, John W. Graham

Prevalence of the Metabolic Syndrome Among US Adults: Findings From the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey

Context The Third Report of the National Cholesterol Education Program Expert Panel on Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Cholesterol in Adults (ATP III) highlights the importance of treating patients with the metabolic syndrome to prevent...

A comparison of methods to test mediation and other intervening variable effects.

A Monte Carlo study compared 14 methods to test the statistical significance of the intervening variable effect. An intervening variable (mediator) transmits the effect of an independent variable to a dependent variable. The commonly used R. M. Baron...

Brain–computer interfaces for communication and control

For many years people have speculated that electroencephalographic activity or other electrophysiological measures of brain function might provide a new non-muscular channel for sending messages and commands to the external world – a brain–computer...

CONTROL OF GOAL-DIRECTED AND STIMULUS-DRIVEN ATTENTION IN THE BRAIN

We review evidence for partially segregated networks of brain areas that carry out different attentional functions. One system, which includes parts of the intraparietal cortex and superior frontal cortex, is involved in preparing and applying goal-directed...

Ecological responses to recent climate change

There is now ample evidence of the ecological impacts of recent climate change, from polar terrestrial to tropical marine environments. The responses of both flora and fauna span an array of ecosystems and organizational hierarchies, from the species...

A comparison of methods for multiclass support vector machines

Support vector machines (SVMs) were originally designed for binary classification. How to effectively extend it for multiclass classification is still an ongoing research issue. Several methods have been proposed where typically we construct a multiclass...

A review of the source, behaviour and distribution of arsenic in natural waters

The range of As concentrations found in natural waters is large, ranging from less than 0.5 μg l−1 to more than 5000 μg l−1. Typical concentrations in freshwater are less than 10 μg l−1 and frequently less than 1 μg l−1. Rarely,...

A System for Stable Expression of Short Interfering RNAs in Mammalian Cells

Mammalian genetic approaches to study gene function have been hampered by the lack of tools to generate stable loss-of-function phenotypes efficiently. We report here a new vector system, named pSUPER, which directs the synthesis of small interfering...

First-principles simulation: ideas, illustrations and the CASTEP code

First-principles simulation, meaning density-functional theory calculations with plane waves and pseudopotentials, has become a prized technique in condensed-matter theory. Here I look at the basics of the suject, give a brief review of the theory, examining...

Antimicrobial peptides of multicellular organisms

Antimicrobial peptides of multicellular organisms

An energy-efficient MAC protocol for wireless sensor networks

This paper proposes S-MAC, a medium-access control (MAC) protocol designed for wireless sensor networks. Wireless sensor networks use battery-operated computing and sensing devices. A network of these devices will collaborate for a common application...

Human Adipose Tissue Is a Source of Multipotent Stem Cells

Min Zhu, Peter Ashjian, Daniel A. De Ugarte, Jerry I. Huang, Hiroshi Mizuno, Zeni Alfonso, John K. Fraser, Prosper Benhaim, Marc H. Hedrick

World report on violence and health

Etienne G. Krug, James A. Mercy, Linda L. Dahlberg, Anthony B. Zwi

The Design of Everyday Things

Revealing how smart design is the new competitive frontier, this innovative book is a powerful primer on how--and why--some products satisfy customers while others only frustrate them.

Peptidotriazoles on solid phase: [1,2,3]-triazoles by regiospecific copper(i)-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloadditions of terminal alkynes to azides.

The cycloaddition of azides to alkynes is one of the most important synthetic routes to 1H-[1,2,3]-triazoles. Here a novel regiospecific copper(I)-catalyzed 1,3-dipolar cycloaddition of terminal alkynes to azides on solid-phase is reported. Primary, secondary,...

The validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale An updated literature review

Objective: To review the literature of the validity of the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS). Method: A review of the 747 identified papers that used HADS was performed to address the following questions: (I) How are the factor structure, discriminant...

Communicating sequential processes

This paper suggests that input and output are basic primitives of programming and that parallel composition of communicating sequential processes is a fundamental program structuring method. When combined with a development of Dijkstra's guarded command,...

Lung Cancer, Cardiopulmonary Mortality, and Long-term Exposure to Fine Particulate Air Pollution

Context Associations have been found between day-to-day particulate air pollution and increased risk of various adverse health outcomes, including cardiopulmonary mortality. However, studies of health effects of long-term particulate air pollution have...

k -anonymity: a model for protecting privacy

Consider a data holder, such as a hospital or a bank, that has a privately held collection of person-specific, field structured data. Suppose the data holder wants to share a version of the data with researchers. How can a data holder release a version...

The Market for Corporate Control: The Scientific Evidence

This paper reviews much of the scientific literature on the market for corporate control. The evidence indicates that corporate takeovers generate positive gains, that target firm shareholders benefit, and that bidding firm shareholders do not lose. The...

A key-management scheme for distributed sensor networks

Distributed Sensor Networks (DSNs) are ad-hoc mobile networks that include sensor nodes with limited computation and communication capabilities. DSNs are dynamic in the sense that they allow addition and deletion of sensor nodes after deployment to grow...

Authentic happiness : using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfillment

Authentic happiness : using the new positive psychology to realize your potential for lasting fulfillment

Shape matching and object recognition using shape contexts

We present a novel approach to measuring similarity between shapes and exploit it for object recognition. In our framework, the measurement of similarity is preceded by: (1) solving for correspondences between points on the two shapes; (2) using the correspondences...

Quantum phase transition from a superfluid to a Mott insulator in a gas of ultracold atoms

Markus Greiner, Olaf Mandel, Tilman Esslinger, T. W. Hänsch, Immanuel Bloch

BLEU: a method for automatic evaluation of machine translation

Human evaluations of machine translation are extensive but expensive. Human evaluations can take months to finish and involve human labor that can not be reused. We propose a method of automatic machine translation evaluation that is quick, inexpensive,...

The Phosphoinositide 3-Kinase Pathway

Phosphorylated lipids are produced at cellular membranes during signaling events and contribute to the recruitment and activation of various signaling components. The role of phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K), which catalyzes the production of phosphatidylinositol-3,4,5-trisphosphate,...

Shape-controlled synthesis of gold and silver nanoparticles.

Monodisperse samples of silver nanocubes were synthesized in large quantities by reducing silver nitrate with ethylene glycol in the presence of poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) (PVP). These cubes were single crystals and were characterized by a slightly truncated...

Functional organization of the yeast proteome by systematic analysis of protein complexes

Most cellular processes are carried out by multiprotein complexes. The identification and analysis of their components provides insight into how the ensemble of expressed proteins (proteome) is organized into functional units. We used tandem-affinity...

Gene Selection for Cancer Classification using Support Vector Machines

DNA micro-arrays now permit scientists to screen thousands of genes simultaneously and determine whether those genes are active, hyperactive or silent in normal or cancerous tissue. Because these new micro-array devices generate bewildering amounts of...

Multidrug resistance in cancer: role of ATP-dependent transporters.

Michael M. Gottesman, Tito Fojo, Susan E. Bates

On Spectral Clustering: Analysis and an algorithm

Andrew Y. Ng, Michael I. Jordan, Yair Weiss

Investor Protection and Corporate Valuation

Rafael La Porta, Florencio Lopez-de-Silanes, Andrei Shleifer, Robert W. Vishny

Thumbs up?: sentiment classification using machine learning techniques

We consider the problem of classifying documents not by topic, but by overall sentiment, e.g., determining whether a review is positive or negative. Using movie reviews as data, we find that standard machine learning techniques definitively outperform...

Organic Thin Film Transistors for Large Area Electronics

Organic thin-film transistors (OTFTs) have lived to see great improvements in recent years. This review presents new insight into conduction mechanisms and performance characteristics, as well as opportunities for modeling properties of OTFTs. The shifted...

Hybrid Nanorod-Polymer Solar Cells

We demonstrate that semiconductor nanorods can be used to fabricate readily processed and efficient hybrid solar cells together with polymers. By controlling nanorod length, we can change the distance on which electrons are transported directly through...

The structure of haplotype blocks in the human genome.

Haplotype-based methods offer a powerful approach to disease gene mapping, based on the association between causal mutations and the ancestral haplotypes on which they arose. As part of The SNP Consortium Allele Frequency Projects, we characterized haplotype...

Normalization for cDNA microarray data: a robust composite method addressing single and multiple slide systematic variation

There are many sources of systematic variation in cDNA microarray experiments which affect the measured gene expression levels (e.g. differences in labeling efficiency between the two fluorescent dyes). The term normalization refers to the process of...

Estimation with Applications to Tracking and Navigation

From the Publisher:"Estimation with Applications to Tracking and Navigation treats the estimation of various quantities from inherently inaccurate remote observations. It explains state estimator design using a balanced combination of linear systems,...

Wireless sensor networks for habitat monitoring

We provide an in-depth study of applying wireless sensor networks to real-world habitat monitoring. A set of system design requirements are developed that cover the hardware design of the nodes, the design of the sensor network, and the capabilities for...

Rho GTPases in cell biology

Sandrine Etienne-Manneville, Alan Hall

The content analysis guidebook

Content analysis is one of the most important but complex research methodologies in the social sciences. In The Content Analysis Guidebook author Kimberly Neuendorf provides an accessible core text for upper-level undergraduates and graduate students...

Qualitative research & evaluation methods.

This book explains clearly conceptual issues and themes on qualitative research and evaluaton methods including: qualitative data, triangulated inquiry, qualitative inquiry, constructivism, constructionism, Complexity (chaos) theory, qualitative designs...

Institutions Rule: The Primacy of Institutions over Geography and Integration in Economic Development

We estimate the respective contributions of institutions, geography, and trade in determining income levels around the world, using recently developed instruments for institutions and trade. Our results indicate that the quality of institutions trumps'...

Youth risk behavior surveillance--United States, 2001.

Problem/Condition: Priority health-risk behaviors, which contribute to the leading causes of mortality and morbidity among youth and adults, often are established during youth, extend into adulthood, are interrelated, and are preventable.

A Survey of Mobility Models for Ad Hoc Network Research

In the performance evaluation of a protocol for an ad hoc network, the protocol should be tested under realistic conditions including, but not limited to, a sensible transmission range, limited buffer space for the storage of messages, representative...

Relative expression software tool (REST©) for group-wise comparison and statistical analysis of relative expression results in real-time PCR

Real-time reverse transcription followed by polymerase chain reaction (RT–PCR) is the most suitable method for the detection and quantification of mRNA. It offers high sensitivity, good reproducibility and a wide quantification range. Today, relative...

Naturally secreted oligomers of amyloid |[beta]| protein potently inhibit hippocampal long-term potentiation in vivo

Dominic M. Walsh, Igor Klyubin, Julia V. Fadeeva, William K. Cullen, Roger Anwyl, Michael S. Wolfe, Michael J. Rowan, Dennis J. Selkoe

Network Motifs: Simple Building Blocks of Complex Networks

Complex networks are studied across many fields of science. To uncover their structural design principles, we defined “network motifs,” patterns of interconnections occurring in complex networks at numbers that are significantly higher than those...

Probabilistic robotics

Planning and navigation algorithms exploit statistics gleaned from uncertain, imperfect real-world environments to guide robots toward their goals and around obstacles.

SPINS: security protocols for sensor networks

Wireless sensor networks will be widely deployed in the near future. While much research has focused on making these networks feasible and useful, security has received little attention. We present a suite of security protocols optimized for sensor networks:...

Comparative physiology of salt and water stress

Plant responses to salt and water stress have much in common. Salinity reduces the ability of plants to take up water, and this quickly causes reductions in growth rate, along with a suite of metabolic changes identical to those caused by water stress....

Understanding molecular simulation: from algorithms to applications

Second and revised edition Understanding Molecular Simulation: From Algorithms to Applications explains the physics behind the "recipes" of molecular simulation for materials science. Computer simulators are continuously confronted with questions concerning...

Detecting faces in images: a survey

Images containing faces are essential to intelligent vision-based human-computer interaction, and research efforts in face processing include face recognition, face tracking, pose estimation and expression recognition. However, many reported methods assume...

Prevalence and Trends in Overweight Among US Children and Adolescents, 1999-2000

Context The prevalence of overweight among children in the United States increased between 1976-1980 and 1988-1994, but estimates for the current decade are unknown.Objective To determine the prevalence of overweight in US children using the most recent...

Intercomparison of Atmospheric GCM Simulated Anomalies Associated with the 1997/98 El Nino

The atmospheric anomalies for the 1997/98 El Nino-Southern Oscillation (ENSO) period have been analyzed and intercompared using the data simulated by the atmospheric general circulation models (GCMs) of 11 groups participating in the Monsoon GCM Intercomparison...

The Human Genome Browser at UCSC

W. James Kent, Charles W. Sugnet, Terrence S. Furey, Krishna M. Roskin, Thomas H. Pringle, Alan M. Zahler, and David Haussler

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