CiteWeb

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Publications in 1999

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Statistical Learning Theory

Yuhai Wu, Vladimir Vapnik

System identification: theory for the user

Das Buch behandelt die Systemidentifizierung in dem theoretischen Bereich, der direkte Auswirkungen auf Verstaendnis und praktische Anwendung der verschiedenen Verfahren zur Identifizierung hat. Da ...

Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

Since the second edition of this text, the literature in inorganic chemistry has continued to grow at an extremely rapid rate. The work has been characterised by increasing sophistication in the use of physical methods as well as in concepts and insights....

A More Accurate Method To Estimate Glomerular Filtration Rate from Serum Creatinine: A New Prediction Equation

Andrew S. Levey, Juan P. Bosch, Julia B. Lewis, Tom Greene, Nancy Rogers, David Roth

Ad-hoc on-demand distance vector routing

An ad-hoc network is the cooperative engagement of a collection of mobile nodes without the required intervention of any centralized access point or existing infrastructure. We present Ad-hoc On Demand Distance Vector Routing (AODV), a novel algorithm...

Data clustering: a review

Clustering is the unsupervised classification of patterns (observations, data items, or feature vectors) into groups (clusters). The clustering problem has been addressed in many contexts and by researchers in many disciplines; this reflects its broad...

Genetic Algorithms

From the Publisher:Genetic algorithms are probabilistic search techniques based on the principles of biological evolution. As a biological organism evolves to more fully adapt to its environment, a genetic algorithm follows a path of analysis from which...

Object recognition from local scale-invariant features

An object recognition system has been developed that uses a new class of local image features. The features are invariant to image scaling, translation, and rotation, and partially invariant to illumination changes and affine or 3D projection. These features...

Antioxidant activity applying an improved ABTS radical cation decolorization assay

A method for the screening of antioxidant activity is reported as a decolorization assay applicable to both lipophilic and hydrophilic antioxidants, including flavonoids, hydroxycinnamates, carotenoids, and plasma antioxidants. The pre-formed radical...

Foundations of statistical natural language processing

Christopher D. Manning, Hinrich Schütze

Authoritative sources in a hyperlinked environment

The network structure of a hyperlinked environment can be a rich source of information about the content of the environment, provided we have effective means for understanding it. We develop a set of algorithmic tools for extracting information from the...

Fuzzy sets as a basis for a theory of possibility

The theory of possibility described in this paper is related to the theory of fuzzy sets by defining the concept of a possibility distribution as a fuzzy restriction which acts as an elastic constraint on the values that may be assigned to a variable....

Mild Cognitive Impairment: Clinical Characterization and Outcome

Results: The primary distinction between control subjects and subjects with MCI was in the area of memory, while other cognitive functions were comparable. However, when the subjects with MCI were compared with the patients with very mild AD, memory performance...

The PageRank Citation Ranking: Bringing Order to the Web.

The importance of a Web page is an inherently subjective matter, which depends on the readers interests, knowledge and attitudes. But there is still much that can be said objectively about the relative importance of Web pages. This paper describes PageRank,...

Probability-based protein identification by searching sequence databases using mass spectrometry data

Several algorithms have been described in the literature for protein identification by searching a sequence database using mass spectrometry data. In some approaches, the experimental data are peptide molecular weights from the digestion of a protein...

Plant Products as Antimicrobial Agents

The use of and search for drugs and dietary supplements derived from plants have accelerated in recent years. Ethnopharmacologists, botanists, microbiologists, and natural-products chemists are combing the Earth for phytochemicals and “leads” which...

Why do Some Countries Produce So Much More Output Per Worker than Others

Output per worker varies enormously across countries. Why? On an accounting basis, our analysis shows that differences in physical capital and educational attainment can only partially explain the variation in output per worker we find a large amount...

Aspect-Oriented Programming

Lodewijk Bergmans, Cristina Videira Lopes

Cognitive radio: making software radios more personal

Software radios are emerging as platforms for multiband multimode personal communications systems. Radio etiquette is the set of RF bands, air interfaces, protocols, and spatial and temporal patterns that moderate the use of the radio spectrum. Cognitive...

PSEUDO-SECOND ORDER MODEL FOR SORPTION PROCESSES

A literature review of the use of sorbents and biosorbents to treat polluted aqueous effluents containing dyes:organics or metal ions has been conducted. Over 70 systems have been reported since 1984 and over 43 of these reported the mechanism as being...

A Theory of Fairness, Competition, and Cooperation

\"There is strong evidence that people exploit their bargaining power in competitive markets but not in bilateral bargaining situations. There is also strong evidence that people exploit free-riding opportunities in voluntary cooperation games. Yet, when...

SIP: Session Initiation Protocol

This document describes Session Initiation Protocol (SIP), an application-layer control (signaling) protocol for creating, modifying, and terminating sessions with one or more participants. These sessions include Internet telephone calls, multimedia distribution,...

Simulation Modeling and Analysis

From the Publisher:This senior/graduate-level text is the classic text in its field and established itself as the authoritative source on the theory & practice of simulation over 15 years ago. It is used in most of the better schools of engineering and...

SIR97: a new tool for crystal structure determination and refinement

SIR97 is the integration of two programs, SIR92 and CAOS, the first devoted to the solution of crystal structures by direct methods, the second to refinement via least-squares–Fourier procedures. Several new features have been introduced in SIR97 with...

Ghrelin is a growth-hormone-releasing acylated peptide from stomach

Masayasu Kojima, Hiroshi Hosoda, Yukari Date, Masamitsu Nakazato, Hisayuki Matsuo, Kenji Kangawa

Corporate Ownership Around the World

We use data on ownership structures of large corporations in 27 wealthy economies to identify the ultimate controlling shareholders of these firms. We find that, except in economies with very good shareholder protection, relatively few of these firms...

How people learn : brain, mind, experience, and school

Bransford, John D., Ed., Brown, Ann L., Ed., Cocking, Rodney R., Ed.

The Unified Modeling Language user guide

In The Unified Modeling Language User Guide, the original developers of the UML--Grady Booch, James Rumbaugh, and Ivar Jacobson--provide a tutorial to the core aspects of the language in a two-color format designed to facilitate learning. Starting with...

Space-time block codes from orthogonal designs

We introduce space-time block coding, a new paradigm for communication over Rayleigh fading channels using multiple transmit antennas. Data is encoded using a space-time block code and the encoded data is split into n streams which are simultaneously...

Agency Cost Of Free Cash Flow, Corporate Finance, and Takeovers

The interests and incentives of managers and shareholders conflict over such issues as the optimal size of the firm and the payment of cash to shareholders. These conflicts are especially severe in firms with large free cash flows—more cash than profitable...

A Large mass hierarchy from a small extra dimension

: We propose a new higher-dimensional mechanism for solving the Hierarchy Problem. The Weak scale is generated from a large scale of order the Planck scale through an exponential hierarchy. However, this exponential arises not from gauge interactions...

Making large scale SVM learning practical

Training a support vector machine SVM leads to a quadratic optimization problem with bound constraints and one linear equality constraint. Despite the fact that this type of problem is well understood, there are many issues to be considered in designing...

Adaptive background mixture models for real-time tracking

A common method for real-time segmentation of moving regions in image sequences involves "background subtraction", or thresholding the error between an estimate of the image without moving objects and the current image. The numerous approaches to this...

Human papillomavirus is a necessary cause of invasive cervical cancer worldwide.

A recent report that 93% of invasive cervical cancers worldwide contain human papillomavirus (HPV) may be an underestimate due to sample inadequacy or integration of events affecting the HPV L1 gene which is the target of the polymerase chain reaction...

The Mechanisms of Governance

This book brings together in one place the work of one of our most respected economic theorists, on a field which he has played a large part in originating: the New Institutional Economics. Transaction cost economics, which studies the governance of contractual...

Extreme programming explained: embrace change

Software development projects can be fun, productive, and even daring. Yet they can consistently deliver value to a business and remain under control.Extreme Programming (XP) was conceived and developed to address the specific needs of software development...

Financial development and economic growth : views and agenda

The author argues that the preponderance of theoretical reasoning and empirical evidence suggests a positive first order relationship between financial development and economic growth. There is evidence that the financial development level is a good predictor...

An Experiment in Linguistic Synthesis with a Fuzzy Logic Controller

This paper describes an experiment on the “linguistic” synthesis of a controller for a model industrial plant (a steam engine). Fuzzy logic is used to convert heuristic control rules stated by a human operator into an automatic control strategy. The...

Commodities and Capabilities

Commodities and Capabilities presents a set of inter-related theses concerning the foundations of welfare economics, and in particular about the assessment of personal well-being and advantage. The argument presented focuses on the capability to function,...

Notch signaling: cell fate control and signal integration in development.

Notch signaling defines an evolutionarily ancient cell interaction mechanism, which plays a fundamental role in metazoan development. Signals exchanged between neighboring cells through the Notch receptor can amplify and consolidate molecular differences,...

Financial Development and Economic Growth: Views and Agenda

This critique argues that the preponderance of theoretical reasoning and empirical evidence suggests a positive, first-order relationship between financial development and economic growth. The body of work would push even most skeptics toward the belief...

[14] Analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of folin-ciocalteu reagent

This chapter discusses the analysis of total phenols and other oxidation substrates and antioxidants by means of Folin-Ciocalteu reagent. Analyses of the Folin-Ciocalteu (FC) type are convenient, simple, and require only common equipment and have produced...

Magnetism from conductors and enhanced nonlinear phenomena

We show that microstructures built from nonmagnetic conducting sheets exhibit an effective magnetic permeability /spl mu//sub eff/, which can be tuned to values not accessible in naturally occurring materials, including large imaginary components of /spl...

Food-Related Illness and Death in the United States

To better quantify the impact of foodborne diseases on health in the United States, we compiled and analyzed information from multiple surveillance systems and other sources. We estimate that foodborne diseases cause approximately 76 million illnesses,...

Electroluminescence in conjugated polymers

Richard H. Friend, R. W. Gymer, Andrew B. Holmes, J. H. Burroughes, R. N. Marks, C. Taliani, David K. Bradley, D.A. dos Santos, J. L. Bredas, M. Lögdlund, W. R. Salaneck

SENSE : sensitivity encoding for fast MRI

New theoretical and practical concepts are presented for considerably enhancing the performance of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) by means of arrays of multiple receiver coils. Sensitivity encoding (SENSE) is based on the fact that receiver sensitivity...

Coherent Measures of Risk

In this paper we study both market risks and nonmarket risks, without complete markets assumption, and discuss methods of measurement of these risks. We present and justify a set of four desirable properties for measures of risk, and call the measures...

Cognitive radio: making software radios more personal

Software radios are emerging as platforms for multiband multimode personal communications systems. Radio etiquette is the set of RF bands, air interfaces, protocols, and spatial and temporal patterns that moderate the use of the radio spectrum. Cognitive...

Fast and robust fixed-point algorithms for independent component analysis

Independent component analysis (ICA) is a statistical method for transforming an observed multidimensional random vector into components that are statistically as independent from each other as possible. We use a combination of two different approaches...

Differential Power Analysis

Cryptosystem designers frequently assume that secrets will be manipulated in closed, reliable computing environments. Unfortunately, actual computers and microchips leak information about the operations they process. This paper examines specific methods...

The twin crises: The causes of banking and balance of payments problems

In the wake of the Mexican and Asian currency turmoil, the subject of financial crises have come to the forefront of academic and policy discussions. This paper analyzes the links between banking and currency crises. The authors find that problems in...

Akt Promotes Cell Survival by Phosphorylating and Inhibiting a Forkhead Transcription Factor

Survival factors can suppress apoptosis in a transcription-independent manner by activating the serine/threonine kinase Akt, which then phosphorylates and inactivates components of the apoptotic machinery, including BAD and Caspase 9. In this study, we...

Using SeDuMi 1.02, A Matlab toolbox for optimization over symmetric cones

SeDuMi is an add-on for MATLAB, which lets you solve optimization problems with linear, quadratic and semidefiniteness constraints. It is possible to have complex valued data and variables in SeDuMi. Moreover, large scale optimization problems are solved...

The Science of Monetary Policy: a New Keynesian Perspective

This paper reviews the recent literature on monetary policy rules. We exposit the monetary policy design problem within a simple baseline theoretical framework. We then consider the implications of adding various real world complications. Among other...

Toward reliable density functional methods without adjustable parameters: The PBE0 model

We present an analysis of the performances of a parameter free density functional model (PBE0) obtained combining the so called PBE generalized gradient functional with a predefined amount of exact exchange. The results obtained for structural, thermodynamic,...

WHAT’S YOUR STRATEGY FOR MANAGING KNOWLEDGE?

M T Hansen, Nitin Nohria, Tanya Tierney

The quality of government

We investigate empirically the determinants of the quality of governments in a large cross-section of countries. We assess government performance using measures of government intervention, public sector efficiency, public good provision, size of government,...

Least Squares Support Vector Machine Classifiers

In this letter we discuss a least squares version for support vector machine (SVM) classifiers. Due to equality type constraints in the formulation, the solution follows from solving a set of linear equations, instead of quadratic programming for classical...

A review of current routing protocols for ad hoc mobile wireless networks

An ad hoc mobile network is a collection of mobile nodes that are dynamically and arbitrarily located in such a manner that the interconnections between nodes are capable of changing on a continual basis. In order to facilitate communication within the...

The Separation of Ownership and Control in East Asian Corporations

We examine the separation of ownership and control for 2,980 corporations in nine East Asian countries. In all countries, voting rights frequently exceed cash-flow rights via pyramid structures and cross-holdings. The separation of ownership and control...

Climate and atmospheric history of the past 420,000 years from the Vostok ice core, Antarctica

Jean Robert Petit, Jean Jouzel, D. Raynaud, N. I. Barkov, Jean Marc Barnola, Isabelle Basile, Michael L. Bender, J. Chappellaz, M. Davis, Gilles Delaygue, M. Delmotte, V. M. Kotlyakov, M. Legrand, Vladimir Ya. Lipenkov, Claude Lorius, Laurence Pépin, C. Ritz, E. Saltzman, M. Stievenard

DNA Methyltransferases Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b Are Essential for De Novo Methylation and Mammalian Development

The establishment of DNA methylation patterns requires de novo methylation that occurs predominantly during early development and gametogenesis in mice. Here we demonstrate that two recently identified DNA methyltransferases, Dnmt3a and Dnmt3b, are essential...

Multiobjective evolutionary algorithms: a comparative case study and the strength Pareto approach

Evolutionary algorithms (EAs) are often well-suited for optimization problems involving several, often conflicting objectives. Since 1985, various evolutionary approaches to multiobjective optimization have been developed that are capable of searching...

A review of central 5-HT receptors and their function

It is now nearly 5 years since the last of the currently recognised 5-HT receptors was identified in terms of its cDNA sequence. Over this period, much effort has been directed towards understanding the function attributable to individual 5-HT receptors...

The financial accelerator in a quantitative business cycle framework

This paper develops a dynamic general equilibrium model that is intended to help clarify the role of credit market frictions in business fluctuations, from both a qualitative and a quantitative standpoint. The model is a synthesis of the leading approaches...

EEG alpha and theta oscillations reflect cognitive and memory performance: a review and analysis

Evidence is presented that EEG oscillations in the alpha and theta band reflect cognitive and memory performance in particular. Good performance is related to two types of EEG phenomena (i) a tonic increase in alpha but a decrease in theta power, and...

Cortical Surface-Based Analysis

Several properties of the cerebral cortex, including its columnar and laminar organization, as well as the topographic organization of cortical areas, can only be properly understood in the context of the intrinsic two-dimensional structure of the cortical...

Towards a Better Understanding of Context and Context-Awareness

Gregory D. Abowd, Anind K. Dey, Peter Brown, Nigel Davies, Mark T. Smith, Pete Steggles

Dietary supplementation with n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamin E after myocardial infarction: results of the GISSI-Prevenzione trial

There is conflicting evidence on the benefits of foods rich in vitamin E (α-tocopherol), n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), and their pharmacological substitutes. We investigated the effects of these substances as supplements in patients who had...

Dielectric relaxation in solids

This review presents a wide-ranging broad-brush picture of dielectric relaxation in solids, making use of the existence of a `universality' of dielectric response regardless of a wide diversity of materials and structures, with dipolar as well as charge-carrier...

Internet: Diameter of the World-Wide Web

Réka Albert, Hawoong Jeong, Albert-László Barabási

Correlation between protein and mRNA abundance in yeast.

Steven P. Gygi, B. Robert Franza, Ruedi Aebersold

An Alternative to Compactification

Conventional wisdom states that Newton’s force law implies only four non-compact dimensions. We demonstrate that this is not necessarily true in the presence of a non-factorizable background geometry. The specific example we study is a single 3-brane...

A Comparative Study of Unit Root Tests with Panel Data and a New Simple Test

The panel data unit root test suggested by Levin and Lin (LL) has been widely used in several applications, notably in papers on tests of the purchasing power parity hypothesis. This test is based on a very restrictive hypothesis which is rarely ever...

Why Don't Physicians Follow Clinical Practice Guidelines? A Framework for Improvement

Context Despite wide promulgation, clinical practice guidelines have had limited effect on changing physician behavior. Little is known about the process and factors involved in changing physician practices in response to guidelines.Objective To review...

THE EFFECT OF SPIRONOLACTONE ON MORBIDITY AND MORTALITY IN PATIENTS WITH SEVERE HEART FAILURE. RANDOMIZED ALDACTONE EVALUATION STUDY INVESTIGATORS

Jolie Palensky, J Wittes, Sergio Pérez, Stephanie R. Cody, Bertram Pitt, Faiez Zannad, Espen W. Remme, José Antonio Pérez-Daga, A Castaigne, B. Pitt

Does Trade Cause Growth

Examining the correlation between trade and income cannot identify the direction of causation between the two. Countries' geographic characteristics, however, have important effects on trade and are plausibly uncorrelated with other determinants of income....

Simple heuristics that make us smart

Simple Heuristics That Make Us Smart invites readers to embark on a new journey into a land of rationality that differs from the familiar territory of cognitive science and economics. Traditional views of rationality tend to see decision makers as possessing...

The Cardiac insufficiency bisoprolol study II (CIBIS-II) : A randomized trial

In patients with heart failure, β-blockade has improved morbidity and left-ventricular function, but the impact on survival is uncertain. We investigated the efficacy of bisoprolol, a β, selective adrenoceptor blocker in decreasing all-cause mortality...

Sexual Dysfunction in the United States: Prevalence and Predictors

Context While recent pharmacological advances have generated increased public interest and demand for clinical services regarding erectile dysfunction, epidemiologic data on sexual dysfunction are relatively scant for both women and men.Objective To assess...

LARGE N FIELD THEORIES, STRING THEORY AND GRAVITY

We review the holographic correspondence between field theories and string/M theory, focusing on the relation between compactifications of string/M theory on Anti-de Sitter spaces and conformal field theories. We review the background for this correspondence...

Biodiesel production: a review1

Biodiesel has become more attractive recently because of its environmental benefits and the fact that it is made from renewable resources. The cost of biodiesel, however, is the main hurdle to commercialization of the product. The used cooking oils are...

The Disease Burden Associated With Overweight and Obesity

Aviva Must, Jennifer L Spadano, Eugenie Coakley, Alison E. Field, Graham A. Colditz, William H. Dietz

Immunization with amyloid-beta attenuates Alzheimer-disease-like pathology in the PDAPP mouse

Dale Schenk, Robin Barbour, W R Dunn, Grace Gordon, Henry Grajeda, Teresa Guido, Kang Hu, Jiping Huang, Kelly Johnson-Wood, Karen Khan, Dora Kholodenko, Mike Lee, Zhenmei Liao, Ivan Lieberburg, Ruth Motter, L. C. Mutter, Ferdie Soriano, George M. Shopp, Nicki Vasquez, Christopher Vandevert, Shannan Walker, Mark Wogulis, Ted A. Yednock, Dora Games, Peter Seubert

String Theory and Noncommutative Geometry

We extend earlier ideas about the appearance of noncommutative geometry in string theory with a nonzero B-field. We identify a limit in which the entire string dynamics is described by a minimally coupled (supersymmetric) gauge theory on a noncommutative...

The Theory and Practice of Corporate Finance: Evidence from the Field

We survey 392 CFOs about the cost of capital, capital budgeting, and capital structure. Large firms rely heavily on present value techniques and the capital asset pricing model, while small firms are relatively likely to use the payback criterion. Firms...

Design and synthesis of an exceptionally stable and highly porous metal-organic framework

Hailian Li, Mohamed Eddaoudi, Michael O'Keeffe, Omar M. Yaghi

Perceptual symbol systems

Prior to the twentieth century, theories of knowledge were inherently perceptual. Since then, developments in logic, statistics, and programming languages have inspired amodal theories that rest on principles fundamentally different from those underlying...

Measuring agreement in method comparison studies

Agreement between two methods of clinical measurement can be quantified using the differences between observations made using the two methods on the same subjects. The 95% limits of agreement, estimated by mean difference 1.96 standard deviation of the...

The broadcast storm problem in a mobile ad hoc network

Broadcasting is a common operation in a network to resolve many issues. In a mobile ad hoc network (MANET) in particular, due to host mobility, such operations are expected to be executed more frequently (such as finding a route to a particular host,...

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