CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 1996

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Generalized Gradient Approximation Made Simple

Generalized gradient approximations (GGA’s) for the exchange-correlation energy improve upon the local spin density (LSD) description of atoms, molecules, and solids. We present a simple derivation of a simple GGA, in which all parameters (other than...

Multiple regression: testing and interpreting interactions

Leona S. Aiken, Stephen G. West, Raymond R. Reno

Law and Finance

This paper examines legal rules covering protection of corporate shareholders and creditors, the origin of these rules, and the quality of their enforcement in 49 countries. The results show that common†law countries generally have the strongest,...

The NCEP/NCAR 40-Year Reanalysis Project

The NCEP and NCAR are cooperating in a project (denoted “reanalysis”) to produce a 40-year record of global analyses of atmospheric fields in support of the needs of the research and climate monitoring communities. This effort involves the recovery...

Applied linear statistical models

John Neter, Michael H. Kutner, Christopher J. Nachtsheim, William Wasserman

VMD : Visual molecular dynamics

VMD is a molecular graphics program designed for the display and analysis of molecular assemblies, in particular biopolymers such as proteins and nucleic acids. VMD can simultaneously display any number of structures using a wide variety of rendering...

Handbook of Applied Cryptography

Alfred Menezes, Scott A. Vanstone

Regression Shrinkage and Selection via the Lasso

SUMMARY We propose a new method for estimation in linear models. The 'lasso' minimizes the residual sum of squares subject to the sum of the absolute value of the coefficients being less than a constant. Because of the nature of this constraint it tends...

A Survey of Corporate Governance

This article surveys research on corporate governance, with special attention to the importance of legal protection of investors and of ownership concentration in corporate governance systems around the world. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE DEALS WITH the ways...

Assessing the quality of reports of randomized clinical trials: Is blinding necessary?

It has been suggested that the quality of clinical trials should be assessed by blinded raters to limit the risk of introducing bias into meta-analyses and systematic reviews, and into the peer-review process. There is very little evidence in the literature...

Semiconductor Clusters, Nanocrystals, and Quantum Dots

Current research into semiconductor clusters is focused on the properties of quantum dots-fragments of semiconductor consisting of hundreds to many thousands of atoms-with the bulk bonding geometry and with surface states eliminated by enclosure in a...

Evidence based medicine: what it is and what it isn't.

It's about integrating individual clinical expertise and the best external evidenceEvidence based medicine, whose philosophical origins extend back to mid-19th century Paris and earlier, remains a hot topic for clinicians, public health practitioners,...

Ant system: optimization by a colony of cooperating agents

An analogy with the way ant colonies function has suggested the definition of a new computational paradigm, which we call ant system (AS). We propose it as a viable new approach to stochastic combinatorial optimization. The main characteristics of this...

Total Carbon, Organic Carbon, and Organic Matter

D. W. Nelson, L. E. Sommers, D. L. Sparks, A. L. Page, P. A. Helmke, R. H. Loeppert, P. N. Soltanpour, M. A. Tabatabai, C. T. Johnston, M. E. Sumner

Dynamic source routing in ad hoc wireless networks

An ad hoc network is a collection of wireless mobile hosts forming a temporary network without the aid of any established infrastructure or centralized administration. In such an environment, it may be necessary for one mobile host to enlist the aid of...

An introduction to genetic algorithms

From the Publisher:"This is the best general book on Genetic Algorithms written to date. It covers background, history, and motivation; it selects important, informative examples of applications and discusses the use of Genetic Algorithms in scientific...

The Behavioral Consequences of Service Quality

Valarie A. Zeithaml, Leonard L. Berry, A. Parasuraman

Efficiency of ab-initio total energy calculations for metals and semiconductors using a plane-wave basis set

We present a detailed description and comparison of algorithms for performing ab-initio quantum-mechanical calculations using pseudopotentials and a plane-wave basis set. We will discuss: (a) partial occupancies within the framework of the linear tetrahedron...

THE FERRIC REDUCING ABILITY OF PLASMA (FRAP) AS A MEASURE OF “ANTIOXIDANT POWER”: THE FRAP ASSAY

A simple, automated test measuring the ferric reducing ability of plasma, the FRAP assay, is presented as a novel method for assessing `'antioxidant power.'' Ferric to ferrous ion reduction at low pH causes a colored ferrous-tripyridyltriazine complex...

Robust and optimal control

This paper will very briefly review the history of the relationship between modern optimal control and robust control. The latter is commonly viewed as having arisen in reaction to certain perceived inadequacies of the former. More recently, the distinction...

MOLMOL: a program for display and analysis of macromolecular structures.

MOLMOL is a molecular graphics program for display, analysis, and manipulation of three-dimensional structures of biological macromolecules, with special emphasis on nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) solution structures of proteins and nucleic acids. MOLMOL...

The Econometrics of Financial Markets

John Y. Campbell, Andrew W. Lo, A. Craig MacKinlay

Electronic transport in mesoscopic systems

Supriyo Datta, Henk van Houten

Toward a knowledge‐based theory of the firm

Given assumptions about the charcicteristics of knowledge acnd the knowledge requirements of production, the firm is conceptualized as an institution for integrating knowledge. The primary contribution of the paper is in exploring the coordination mechanisms...

Computer-aided verification

Theorem proving and model checking are powerful tools that can verify the logical correctness of today's ICs or find their hidden bugs. Today, the first computer-aided verification tools are becoming commercially available. They are based on methods that...

AFNI: software for analysis and visualization of functional magnetic resonance neuroimages

A package of computer programs for analysis and visualization of three-dimensional human brain functional magnetic resonance imaging (FMRI) results is described. The software can color overlay neural activation maps onto higher resolution anatomical scans....

EXPLORING INTERNAL STICKINESS: IMPEDIMENTS TO THE TRANSFER OF BEST PRACTICE WITHIN THE FIRM

The ability to transfer best practices internally is critical to a firtn's ability to build competitive advantage through the appropriation of rents from scarce internal knowledge. Just as a firm's distinctive competencies tnight be dificult for other...

Mass Spectrometric Sequencing of Proteins from Silver-Stained Polyacrylamide Gels

Proteins from silver-stained gels can be digested enzymatically and the resulting peptides analyzed and sequenced by mass spectrometry. Standard proteins yield the same peptide maps when extracted from Coomassie- and silver-stained gels, as judged by...

From Data Mining to Knowledge Discovery in Databases

■ Data mining and knowledge discovery in databases have been attracting a significant amount of research, industry, and media attention of late. What is all the excitement about? This article provides an overview of this emerging field, clarifying how...

Heart rate variability: standards of measurement, physiological interpretation and clinical use. Task Force of the European Society of Cardiology and the North American Society of Pacing and Electrophysiology

Camm Aj, M. Malik, Bigger Jt, Günter Breithardt, Sergio Cerutti, Richard J. Cohen, Coumel P, Ernest L. Fallen, Robert E. Kleiger, F. Lombardi, Alberto Malliani, Arthur J. Moss, Jeffrey N. Rottman, G. Schmidt, Peter J. Schwartz, Donald H. Singer

Experiments with a New Boosting Algorithm

In an earlier paper, we introduced a new "boosting" algorithm called AdaBoost which, theoretically, can be used to significantly reduce the error of any learning algorithm that con- sistently generates classifiers whose performance is a little better...

Induction of Apoptotic Program in Cell-Free Extracts: Requirement for dATP and Cytochrome c

A cell-free system based on cytosols of normally growing cells is established that reproduces aspects of the apoptotic program in vitro. The apoptotic program is initiated by addition of dATP. Fractionation of cytosol yielded a 15 kDa protein that is...

Cancer Cell Cycles

Uncontrolled cell proliferation is the hallmark of cancer, and tumor cells have typically acquired damage to genes that directly regulate their cell cycles. Genetic alterations affecting p16 INK4a and cyclin D1, proteins that govern phosphorylation of...

Advances in knowledge discovery and data mining

Usama Fayyad, Gregory Piatetsky-Shapiro, Padhraic Smyth, Ramasamy Uthurusamy

Financial Dependence and Growth

This paper examines whether financial development facilitates economic growth by scrutinizing one rationale for such a relationship: that financial development reduces the costs of external finance to firms. Specifically, the authors ask whether industrial...

A new, fast, and efficient image codec based on set partitioning in hierarchical trees

Embedded zerotree wavelet (EZW) coding, introduced by Shapiro (see IEEE Trans. Signal Processing, vol.41, no.12, p.3445, 1993), is a very effective and computationally simple technique for image compression. We offer an alternative explanation of the...

Multifactor Explanations of Asset Pricing Anomalies

Previous work shows that average returns on common stocks are related to firm characteristics like size, earnings/price, cash flow/price, book-to-market equity, past sales growth, long-term past return, and short-term past return. Because these patterns...

The Balanced Scorecard: Translating Strategy into Action

The rapid evolution of the Balanced Scorecard into a strategic managment system is reported on in this book. The Balanced Scorecard approach retains traditional financial measures which reflect past organizational acheivements, but adds three new measures...

Structure-antioxidant activity relationships of flavonoids and phenolic acids

The recent explosion of interest in the bioactivity of the the flavonoids of higher plants is due, at least in part, to the potential health benefits of these polyphenolic components of major dietary constituents. This review article discusses the biological...

Crystalline Ropes of Metallic Carbon Nanotubes

Fullerene single-wall nanotubes (SWNTs) were produced in yields of more than 70 percent by condensation of a laser-vaporized carbon-nickel-cobalt mixture at 1200°C. X-ray diffraction and electron microscopy showed that these SWNTs are nearly uniform...

Development and Testing of the OPLS All-Atom Force Field on Conformational Energetics and Properties of Organic Liquids

The parametrization and testing of the OPLS all-atom force field for organic molecules and peptides are described. Parameters for both torsional and nonbonded energetics have been derived, while the bond stretching and angle bending parameters have been...

Methylation-specific PCR: a novel PCR assay for methylation status of CpG islands

James G. Herman, Jeremy R. Graff, Sanna Myöhänen, Barry D. Nelkin, Stephen B. Baylin

Emotional Intelligence and the Identification of Emotion.

This article is concerned with individual differences in the ability to connect thoughts to emotions. People who are good at connecting thoughts to feelings may better “hear” the emotional implications of their own thoughts, as well as understand...

Mobility support in IPv6

This document specifies a protocol which allows nodes to remainreachable while moving around in the IPv6 Internet. Each mobile nodeis always identified by its home address, regardless of its currentpoint of attachment to the Internet. While situated away...

Harmonic Vibrational Frequencies: An Evaluation of Hartree-Fock, Møller-Plesset, Quadratic Configuration Interaction, Density Functional Theory, and Semiempirical Scale Factors

Scaling factors for obtaining fundamental vibrational frequencies, low-frequency vibrations, zero-point vibrational energies (ZPVE), and thermal contributions to enthalpy and entropy from harmonic frequencies determined at 19 levels of theory have been...

In Vivo Gene Delivery and Stable Transduction of Nondividing Cells by a Lentiviral Vector

A retroviral vector system based on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) was developed that, in contrast to a murine leukemia virus-based counterpart, transduced heterologous sequences into HeLa cells and rat fibroblasts blocked in the cell cycle, as...

Commutative algebra with a view toward algebraic geometry

Commutative Algebra is best understood with knowledge of the geometric ideas that have played a great role in its formation, in short, with a view towards algebraic geometry. The author presents a comprehensive view of commutative algebra, from basics,...

Higher market valuation of companies with a small board of directors

The author presents evidence consistent with theories that small boards of directors are more effective. Using Tobin's Q as an approximation of market valuation, he finds an inverse association between board size and firm value in a sample of 452 large...

Some genetic consequences of ice ages, and their role in divergence and speciation

The genetic effects of pleistocene ice ages are approached by deduction from paleoenvironmental information, by induction from the genetic structure of populations and species, and by their combination to infer likely consequences. (1) Recent palaeoclimatic...

Distributed Algorithms

In Distributed Algorithms, Nancy Lynch provides a blueprint for designing, implementing, and analyzing distributed algorithms. She directs her book at a wide audience, including students, programmers, system designers, and researchers.Distributed Algorithms...

Reinforcement learning: a survey

This paper surveys the field of reinforcement learning from a computer-science perspective. It is written to be accessible to researchers familiar with machine learning. Both the historical basis of the field and a broad selection of current work are...

Determinants of economic growth : a cross-country empirical study

Research on economic growth has exploded in the past decade. Hundreds of empirical studies on economic growth across countries have highlighted the correlation between growth and a variety of variables. Determinants of Economic Growth, based on Robert...

HIV-1 entry cofactor: functional cDNA cloning of a seven-transmembrane, G protein-coupled receptor.

A cofactor for HIV-1 (human immunodeficiency virus-type 1) fusion and entry was identified with the use of a novel functional complementary DNA (cDNA) cloning strategy. This protein, designated “fusin,” is a putative G protein-coupled receptor with...

Suppression subtractive hybridization: A method for generating differentially regulated or tissue-specific cDNA probes and libraries

A new and highly effective method, termed suppression subtractive hybridization (SSH), has been devel- oped for the generation of subtracted cDNA libraries. It is based primarily on a recently described technique called suppression PCR and combines normalization...

Role-based access control models

Security administration of large systems is complex, but it can be simplified by a role-based access control approach. This article explains why RBAC is receiving renewed attention as a method of security administration and review, describes a framework...

Determinants of Economic Growth: A Cross-Country Empirical Study

Empirical findings for a panel of around 100 countries from 1960 to 1990 strongly support the general notion of conditional convergence. For a given starting level of real per capita GDP, the growth rate is enhanced by higher initial schooling and life...

A randomised, blinded, trial of Clopidogrel versus aspirin in patients at risk of ischaemic events (CAPRIE)

Background Many clinical trials have evaluated the benefit of long-term use of antiplatelet drugs in reducing the risk of clinical thrombotic events. Aspirin and ticlopidine have been shown to be effective, but both have potentially serious adverse effects....

Stock Markets, Banks, and Economic Growth

Using data on 49 countries from 1976 to 1993, the authors investigate whether measures of stock market liquidity, size, volatility, and integration in world capital markets predict future rates of economic growth, capital accumulation, productivity improvements,...

Cloning of a novel receptor expressed in rat prostate and ovary

George G. J. M. Kuiper, Eva Enmark, Markku Pelto-Huikko, Stefan Nilsson, Jan Gustafsson

Nitric oxide, superoxide, and peroxynitrite: the good, the bad, and ugly

Nitric oxide contrasts with most intercellular messengers because it diffuses rapidly and isotropically through most tissues with little reaction but cannot be transported through the vasculature due to rapid destruction by oxyhemoglobin. The rapid diffusion...

HIV-1 entry into CD4+ cells is mediated by the chemokine receptor CC-CKR-5

Tatjana Dragic, Virginia M. Litwin, Graham P. Allaway, Scott R. Martin, Yaoxing Huang, Kirsten A. Nagashima, Charmagne Cayanan, Paul J. Maddon, Richard A. Koup, John P. Moore, William A. Paxton

Foundations of International Macroeconomics

Foundations of International Macroeconomics provides the first integrative modern treatment of the core issues in international macroeconomics and finance. It can be used as a text for first-year graduate macroeconomics or for second-year graduate international...

Heterozygous embryonic lethality induced by targeted inactivation of the VEGF gene

Napoleone Ferrara, Karen Carver-Moore, Helen Chen, Lucy Lu, Lyn Powell-Braxton, Kenneth J. Hillan, Mark Moore

The expanding universe of T-cell subsets: Th1, Th2 and more

Since their discovery nearly ten years ago, T helper 1 (Th1) and Th2 subsets have been implicated in the regulation of many immune responses. In this article, Tim Mosmann and Subash Sad discuss the increasing number of T-cell subsets defined by cytokine...

EuroQol: the current state of play

The EuroQol Group first met in 1987 to test the feasibility of jointly developing a standardised non-disease-specific instrument for describing and valuing health-related quality of life. From the outset the Group has been multi-country, multi-centre,...

Prospering in Dynamically-Competitive Environments: Organizational Capability as Knowledge Integration

Unstable market conditions caused by innovation and increasing intensity and diversity of competition have resulted in organizational capabilities rather than served markets becoming the primary basis upon which firms establish their long-term strategies....

Stock markets, banks, and economic growth

Using data on 49 countries from 1976 to 1993, the authors investigate whether measures of stock market liquidity, size, volatility, and integration in world capital markets predict future rates of economic growth, capital accumulation, productivity improvements,...

Treatment of electronic excitations within the adiabatic approximation of time dependent density functional theory

Time dependent density functional methods are applied in the adiabatic approximation to compute low-lying electronic excitations of N2, ethylene, formaldehyde, pyridine and porphin. Out of various local, gradient-corrected and hybrid (including exact...

Growing artificial societies: social science from the bottom up

How do social structures and group behaviors arise from the interaction of individuals? Growing Artificial Societies approaches this question with cutting-edge computer simulation techniques. Fundamental collective behaviors such as group formation, cultural...

The Molecular Biology of Axon Guidance

Neuronal growth cones navigate over long distances along specific pathways to find their correct targets. The mechanisms and molecules that direct this pathfinding are the topics of this review. Growth cones appear to be guided by at least four different...

The Revised Conflict Tactics Scales (CTS2) Development and Preliminary Psychometric Data

Murray A. Straus, Sherry L. Hamby, Sue Boney-McCoy, David B. Sugarman

Foundations of differential geometry

Shoshichi Kobayashi, Katsumi Nomizu

The Cochrane library

Cindy Farquhar, Patrick Vandekerckhove

TUTORIAL IN BIOSTATISTICS MULTIVARIABLE PROGNOSTIC MODELS: ISSUES IN DEVELOPING MODELS, EVALUATING ASSUMPTIONS AND ADEQUACY, AND MEASURING AND REDUCING ERRORS

SUMMARY Multivariable regression models are powerful tools that are used frequently in studies of clinical outcomes. These models can use a mixture of categorical and continuous variables and can handle partially observed (censored) responses. However,...

The American Customer Satisfaction Index: Nature, Purpose, and Findings

Claes Fornell, Michael D. Johnson, Eugene W. Anderson, Jaesung Cha, Barbara Everitt Bryant

Neuro-Dynamic Programming

Dimitri P. Bertsekas, John N. Tsitsiklis

The Java Language Specification

From the Publisher:Written by the inventors of the technology, The Java(tm) Language Specification, Second Edition is the definitive technical reference for the Java(tm) programming language. If you want to know the precise meaning of the language's constructs,...

Microglia: a sensor for pathological events in the CNS

The most characteristic feature of microglial cells is their rapid activation in response to even minor pathological changes in the CNS. Microglia activation is a key factor in the defence of the neural parenchyma against infectious diseases, inflammation,...

BIRCH: an efficient data clustering method for very large databases

Finding useful patterns in large datasets has attracted considerable interest recently, and one of the most widely studied problems in this area is the identification of clusters, or densely populated regions, in a multi-dimensional dataset. Prior work...

Multi-modality image registration by maximization of mutual information

Mutual information of image intensities has been proposed as a new matching criterion for automated multi-modality image registration. In this paper the authors give experimental evidence of the power and the generality of the mutual information criterion...

Oxidative stress, caloric restriction and aging

Under normal physiological conditions, the use of oxygen by cells of aerobic organisms generates potentially deleterious reactive oxygen metabolites. A chronic state of oxidative stress exists in cells because of an imbalance between prooxidants and antioxidants....

Premotor cortex and the recognition of motor actions

In area F5 of the monkey premotor cortex there are neurons that discharge both when the monkey performs an action and when he observes a similar action made by another monkey or by the experimenter. We report here some of the properties of these ‘mirror’...

Action recognition in the premotor cortex

We recorded electrical activity from 532 neurons in the rostral part of inferior area 6 (area F5) of two macaque monkeys. Previous data had shown that neurons of this area discharge during goal-directed hand and mouth movements. We describe here the properties...

Current-driven excitation of magnetic multilayers

A new mechanism is proposed for exciting the magnetic state of a ferromagnet. Assuming ballistic conditions and using WKB wave functions, we predict that a transfer of vectorial spin accompanies an electric current flowing perpendicular to two parallel...

Expression monitoring by hybridization to high density oligonucleotide arrays

This invention provides methods of monitoring the expression levels of a multiplicity of genes. The methods involve hybridizing a nucleic acid sample to a high density array of oligonucleotide probes where the high density array contains oligonucleotide...

Three-dimensional crustal structure of the southern Sierra Nevada from seismic fan profiles and gravity modeling

Traveltimedatafromthe1993SouthernSierraNevadaContinentalDynamicsseismic refractionexperimentreveallowcrustalvelocitiesinthesouthernSierraNevadaandBasin and Range province of California (6.0 to 6.6 km/s), as well as low upper mantle velocities...

A comprehensive genetic map of the human genome based on 5,264 microsatellites.

Fauré S, Cécile Fizames, Samson D, Nathalie Drouot, Alain Vignal, Philippe Millasseau, Sophie Marc, Jamilé Hazan, Eric Seboun, Mark Lathrop, Gabor Gyapay, J. Morissette, Jean Weissenbach

Hydrophobic, Highly Conductive Ambient-Temperature Molten Salts.

New, hydrophobic ionic liquids with low melting points (<−30 °C to ambient temperature) have been synthesized and investigated, based on 1,3-dialkyl imidazolium cations and hydrophobic anions. Other imidazolium molten salts with hydrophilic anions...

Abnormal blood vessel development and lethality in embryos lacking a single VEGF allele

Peter Carmeliet, Valérie Ferreira, Saskia Pollefeyt, Lena Kieckens, Marina Gertsenstein, M. Fahrig, Ann Vandenhoeck, Kendraprasad Harpal, Carmen Eberhardt, Lieve Moons, Désiré Collen, Werner Risau, Andras Nagy

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