CiteWeb

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Publications in 1995

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Particle swarm optimization

A concept for the optimization of nonlinear functions using particle swarm methodology is introduced. The evolution of several paradigms is outlined, and an implementation of one of the paradigms is discussed. Benchmark testing of the paradigm is described,...

Controlling the False Discovery Rate: a Practical and Powerful Approach to Multiple Testing

SUMMARY The common approach to the multiplicity problem calls for controlling the familywise error rate (FWER). This approach, though, has faults, and we point out a few. A different approach to problems of multiple significance testing is presented....

Neural Networks for Pattern Recognition

From the Publisher:This is the first comprehensive treatment of feed-forward neural networks from the perspective of statistical pattern recognition. After introducing the basic concepts, the book examines techniques for modelling probability density...

Design Patterns: Elements of Reusable Object-Oriented Software

The book is an introduction to the idea of design patterns in software engineering, and a catalog of twenty-three common patterns. The nice thing is, most experienced OOP designers will find out they've known about patterns all along. It's just that they've...

AFLP: a new technique for DNA fingerprinting

A novelDNAfingerprinting technique called AFLPis described. TheAFLPtechnique isbasedon the selective PCRamplification ofrestriction fragments fromatotal digest ofgenomicDNA.Thetechnique involves threesteps: (i) restriction oftheDNA and ligation ofoligonucleotide...

Artificial intelligence: a modern approach

The long-anticipated revision of this #HASH#1 selling book offers the most comprehensive, state of the art introduction to the theory and practice of artificial intelligence for modern applications. Intelligent Agents. Solving Problems by Searching. Informed...

Environmental Applications of Semiconductor Photocatalysis

Michael R. Hoffmann, Scot T. Martin, Wonyong Choi, D. Bahnemann

An Integrative Model Of Organizational Trust

Scholars in various disciplines have considered the causes, nature, and effects of trust. Prior approaches to studying trust are considered, including characteristics of the trustor, the trustee, and the role of risk. A definition of trust and a model...

Rough sets

Rough set theory, introduced by Zdzislaw Pawlak in the early 1980s [11, 12], is a new mathematical tool to deal with vagueness and uncertainty. This approach seems to be of fundamental importance to artificial intelligence (AI) and cognitive sciences,...

Manual of clinical microbiology

Patrick R. Murray, Ellen Jo Baron, James H. Jorgensen, Michael A. Pfaller, Robert H. Yolken

Support-Vector Networks

The support-vector network is a new learning machine for two-group classification problems. The machine conceptually implements the following idea: input vectors are non-linearly mapped to a very high-dimension feature space. In this feature space a linear...

Quantitative Monitoring of Gene Expression Patterns with a Complementary DNA Microarray

A high-capacity system was developed to monitor the expression of many genes in parallel. Microarrays prepared by high-speed robotic printing of complementary DNAs on glass were used for quantitative expression measurements of the corresponding genes....

The art of case study research

Karen E. Johnson, Robert E. Stake

A Second Generation Force Field for the Simulation of Proteins, Nucleic Acids, and Organic Molecules

We present the derivation of a new molecular mechanical force field for simulating the structures, conformational energies, and interaction energies of proteins, nucleic acids, and many related organic molecules in condensed phases. This effective two-body...

The need to belong: desire for interpersonal attachments as a fundamental human motivation.

A hypothesized need to form and maintain strong, stable interpersonal relationships is evaluated in light of the empirical literature. The need is for frequent, nonaversive interactions within an ongoing relational bond. Consistent with the belongingness...

NMRPipe: A multidimensional spectral processing system based on UNIX pipes*

Summary The NMRPipe system is a UNIX software environment of processing, graphics, and analysis tools designed to meet current routine and research-oriented multidimensional processing requirements, and to anticipate and accommodate future demands and...

Fast parallel algorithms for short-range molecular dynamics

Three parallel algorithms for classical molecular dynamics are presented. The first assigns each processor a fixed subset of atoms; the second assigns each a fixed subset of inter-atomic forces to compute; the third assigns each a fixed spatial region....

Intelligent Agents: Theory and Practice

The concept of an agent has become important in both artificial intelligence (AI) and mainstream computer science. Our aim in this paper is to point the reader at what we perceive to be the most important theoretical and practical issues associated with...

A new optimizer using particle swarm theory

The optimization of nonlinear functions using particle swarm methodology is described. Implementations of two paradigms are discussed and compared, including a recently developed locally oriented paradigm. Benchmark testing of both paradigms is described,...

WordNet: a lexical database for English

Because meaningful sentences are composed of meaningful words, any system that hopes to process natural languages as people do must have information about words and their meanings. This information is traditionally provided through dictionaries, and machine-readable...

Interpreting chromosomal DNA restriction patterns produced by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis: criteria for bacterial strain typing.

Fred C. Tenover, Robert D. Arbeit, Patricia A. Mickelsen, David H. Persing, B. Swaminathan

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder in the National Comorbidity Survey

Background: Data were obtained on the general population epidemiology of DSM-III-R posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), including information on estimated lifetime prevalence, the kinds of traumas most often associated with PTSD, sociodemographic correlates,...

Understanding Information Technology Usage: A Test of Competing Models

The Technology Acceptance Model and two variations of the Theory of Planned Behavior were compared to assess which model best helps to understand usage of information technology. The models were compared using student data collected from 786 potential...

Another look at the instrumental variable estimation of error-components models

This article develops a framework for efficient IV estimators of random effects models with information in levels which can accommodate predetermined variables. Our formulation clarifies the relationship between the existing estimators and the role of...

Decadal Trends in the North Atlantic Oscillation: Regional Temperatures and Precipitation

Greenland ice-core data have revealed large decadal climate variations over the North Atlantic that can be related to a major source of low-frequency variability, the North Atlantic Oscillation. Over the past decade, the Oscillation has remained in one...

The Stakeholder Theory of the Corporation: Concepts, Evidence, and Implications

?The stakeholder theory has been advanced and justified in the management literature on the basis of its descriptive accuracy, instrumental power, and normative validity. These three aspects of the theory, although interrelated, are quite distinct; they...

Physical activity and public health. A recommendation from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the American College of Sports Medicine.

Objective. —To encourage increased participation in physical activity among Americans of all ages by issuing a public health recommendation on the types and amounts of physical activity needed for health promotion and disease prevention.Participants....

Polymer photovoltaic cells : enhanced efficiencies via a network of internal donor-acceptor heterojunctions

The carrier collection efficiency (ηc) and energy conversion efficiency (ηe) of polymer photovoltaic cells were improved by blending of the semiconducting polymer with C60 or its functionalized derivatives. Composite films of poly(2-methoxy-5-(2′-ethyl-hexyloxy)-1,4-phenylene...

Opposing Effects of ERK and JNK-p38 MAP Kinases on Apoptosis

Apoptosis plays an important role during neuronal development, and defects in apoptosis may underlie various neurodegenerative disorders. To characterize molecular mechanisms that regulate neuronal apoptosis, the contributions to cell death of mitogen-activated...

De-noising by soft-thresholding

Donoho and Johnstone (1994) proposed a method for reconstructing an unknown function f on [0,1] from noisy data di=f(ti )+σzi, i=0, …, n-1,ti=i/n, where the zi are independent and identically distributed standard Gaussian...

Corruption and Growth

This paper analyzes a newly assembled data set consisting of subjective indices of corruption, the amount of red tape, the efficiency of the judicial system, and various categories of political stability for a cross section of countries. Corruption is...

Nonlinear and Adaptive Control Design

From the Publisher:Using a pedagogical style along with detailed proofs and illustrative examples, this book opens a view to the largely unexplored area of nonlinear systems with uncertainties. The focus is on adaptive nonlinear control results introduced...

Use of a Free Radical Method to Evaluate Antioxidant Activity

Tile antiradical activities of various antioxidants were determined using the free radical, 2.2-Diphenyl-l-pict3,1hydrazyl (DPPI-I°). In its radical form, DPPI-I ° has an absorption band at 515 nm which disappears upon reduction by an antiradical compound....

Active shape models—their training and application

Model-based vision is firmly established as a robust approach to recognizing and locating known rigid objects in the presence of noise, clutter, and occlusion. It is more problematic to apply model-based methods to images of objects whose appearance can...

Toward principles for the design of ontologies used for knowledge sharing

Recent work in Artificial Intelligence is exploring the use of formal ontologies as a way of specifying content-specific agreements for the sharing and reuse of knowledge among software entities. We take an engineering perspective on the development of...

Likelihood-Based Inference in Cointegrated Vector Autoregressive Models

This book gives a detailed mathematical and statistical analysis of the cointegrated vector autoregresive model. This model had gained popularity because it can at the same time capture the short-run dynamic properties as well as the long-run equilibrium...

DNA repair and mutagenesis

Errol C. Friedberg, Graham C. Walker

Pattern Recognition and Neural Networks

This book uses tools from statistical decision theory and computational learning theory to create a rigorous foundation for the theory of neural networks. On the theoretical side, Pattern Recognition and Neural Networks emphasizes probability and statistics....

Specificity of receptor tyrosine kinase signaling: Transient versus sustained extracellular signal-regulated kinase activation

A number of different intracellular signaling pathways have been shown to be activated by receptor tyrosine kinases. These activation events include the phosphoinositide 3-kinase, 70 kDa S6 kinase, mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK), phospholipase...

An Introduction to Quantum Field Theory

Michael E. Peskin, Daniel V. Schroeder

An Introduction to the Kalman Filter

In 1960, R.E. Kalman published his famous paper describing a recursive solution to the discrete-data linear filtering problem. Since that time, due in large part to advances in digital computing, the Kalman filter has been the subject of extensive research...

The Impact of Human Resource Management Practices on Turnover, Productivity, and Corporate Financial Performance

This study comprehensively evaluated the links between systems of High Performance Work Practices and firm performance. Results based on a national sample of nearly one thousand firms indicate that these practices have an economically and statistically...

Mining sequential patterns

We are given a large database of customer transactions, where each transaction consists of customer-id, transaction time, and the items bought in the transaction. We introduce the problem of mining sequential patterns over such databases. We present three...

The composition of the Earth

Compositional models of the Earth are critically dependent on three main sources of information: the seismic profile of the Earth and its interpretation, comparisons between primitive meteorites and the solar nebula composition, and chemical and petrological...

A versatile vector for gene and oligonucleotide transfer into cells in culture and in vivo: polyethylenimine.

Otmane Boussif, Frank Lezoualc'h, Zanta Ma, Mergny Md, Barbara A. Demeneix, Jean-Paul Behr

Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems

Ed Brinksma, W. R. (Walter Rance) Cleaveland, Kim Guldstrand Larsen, T. (Ed.) Margari, Arne Skou, Bernhard Steffen

A study of cross-validation and bootstrap for accuracy estimation and model selection

We review accuracy estimation methods and compare the two most common methods crossvalidation and bootstrap. Recent experimental results on artificial data and theoretical re cults in restricted settings have shown that for selecting a good classifier...

A novel assay for apoptosis Flow cytometric detection of phosphatidylserine expression on early apoptotic cells using fluorescein labelled Annexin V

In the early stages of apoptosis changes occur at the cell surface, which until now have remained difficult to recognize. One of these plasma membrane alterations is the translocation of phosphatidylserine (PS) from the inner side of the plasma membrane...

How Does Foreign Direct Investment Affect Economic Growth

We test the effect of foreign direct investment (FDI) on economic growth in a cross-country regression framework, utilizing data on FDI flows from industrial countries to 69 developing countries over the last two decades. Our results suggest that FDI...

Whole-genome random sequencing and assembly of Haemophilus influenzae Rd

An approach for genome analysis based on sequencing and assembly of unselected pieces of DNA from the whole chromosome has been applied to obtain the complete nucleotide sequence (1,830,137 base pairs) of the genome from the bacterium Haemophilus influenzae...

Intelligence without representation

Brooks, R.A., Intelligence without representation, Artificial Intelligence 47 (1991) 139159. Artificial intelligence research has foundered on the issue of representation. When intelligence is approached in an incremental manner, with strict reliance...

A candidate genetic risk factor for vascular disease : a common mutation in methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase

P. Frosst, H.J. Blom, Renate Milos, Philippe Goyette, Colleen Sheppard, R.G. Matthews, G.H.J. Boers, M. den Heijer, L.A.J. Kluijtmans, L.P.W.J. van den Heuvel, Rima Rozen

GROMACS: A MESSAGE-PASSING PARALLEL MOLECULAR DYNAMICS IMPLEMENTATION

A parallel message-passing implementation of a molecular dynamics (MD) program that is useful for bio(macro)molecules in aqueous environment is described. The software has been developed for a custom-designed 32-processor ring GROMACS (GROningen MAchine...

Effects of the obese gene product on body weight regulation in ob/ob mice

C57BL/6J mice with a mutation in the obese (ob) gene are obese, diabetic, and exhibit reduced activity, metabolism, and body temperature. Daily intraperitoneal injection of these mice with recombinant OB protein lowered their body weight, percent body...

Reversible jump Markov chain Monte Carlo computation and Bayesian model determination

SUMMARY Markov chain Monte Carlo methods for Bayesian computation have until recently been restricted to problems where the joint distribution of all variables has a density with respect to some fixed standard underlying measure. They have therefore not...

Toward a New Conception of the Environment-Competitiveness Relationship

Accepting a fixed trade-off between environmental regulation and competitiveness unnecessarily raises costs and slows down environmental progress. Studies finding high environmental compliance costs have traditionally focused on static cost impacts, ignoring...

Query by image and video content: the QBIC system

Research on ways to extend and improve query methods for image databases is widespread. We have developed the QBIC (Query by Image Content) system to explore content-based retrieval methods. QBIC allows queries on large image and video databases based...

Revised calibration of the geomagnetic polarity timescale for the Late Cretaceous and Cenozoic

Recently reported radioisotopic dates and magnetic anomaly spacings have made it evident that modification is required for the age calibrations for the geomagnetic polarity timescale of Cande and Kent (1992) at the Cretaceous/Paleogene boundary and in...

Identification and inhibition of the ICE/CED-3 protease necessary for mammalian apoptosis

The protease responsible for the cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase and necessary for apoptosis has been purified and characterized. This enzyme, named apopain, is composed of two subunits of relative molecular mass (M(r)) 17K and 12K that are derived...

WHAT TO DO (AND NOT TO DO) WITH TIME-SERIES CROSS-SECTION DATA

We examine some issues in the estimation of time-series cross-section models, calling into question the conclusions of many published studies, particularly in the field of comparative political economy. We show that the generalized least squares approach...

Serial Analysis of Gene Expression

The characteristics of an organism are determined by the genes expressed within it. A method was developed, called serial analysis of gene expression (SAGE), that allows the quantitative and simultaneous analysis of a large number of transcripts. To demonstrate...

Stereotype Threat and the Intellectual Test Performance of African Americans

Stereotype threat is being at risk of confirming, as self-characte ristic, a negative stereotype about one's group. Studies 1 and 2 varied the stereotype vulnerability of Black participants taking a difficult verbal test by varying whether or not their...

Inhibition of glycogen synthase kinase-3 by insulin mediated by protein kinase B.

Darren A. E. Cross, Dario R. Alessi, Philip Cohen, Mirjana Andjelkovich, Brian A. Hemmings

Density Functional Theory of Time-Dependent Systems

E. K. U. Gross, C. A. Ullrich, U. J. Gossmann

Histological grading and staging of chronic hepatitis

Kamal G. Ishak, Amélia Baptista, Bianchi L, Francesco Callea, Gudat F, Helmut Denk, Valeer Desmet, Korb G, Roderick N. M. MacSween, M. James Phillips, Bernard Portmann, Hemming Poulsen, Peter J. Scheuer, Schmid M, Heribert Thaler

Rho, Rac, and Cdc42 GTPases regulate the assembly of multimolecular focal complexes associated with actin stress fibers, lamellipodia, and filopodia

Rho and rac, two members of the ras-related superfamily of small GTPases, regulate the polymerization of actin to produce stress fibers and lamellipodia, respectively. We report here that cdc42, another member of the rho family, triggers the formation...

Wide area traffic: the failure of Poisson modeling

Network arrivals are often modeled as Poisson processes for analytic simplicity, even though a number of traffic studies have shown that packet interarrivals are not exponentially distributed. We evaluate 24 wide area traces, investigating a number of...

Support-vector networks

Thesupport-vector network is a new learning machine for two-group classification problems. The machine conceptually implements the following idea: input vectors are non-linearly mapped to a very high-dimension feature space. In this feature space a linear...

A Measure of Population Subdivision Based on Microsatellite Allele Frequencies

A new measure of the extent of population subdivision as inferred from allele frequencies at microsatellite loci is proposed and tested with computer simulations. This measure, called R(ST), is analogous to Wright's F(ST) in representing the proportion...

Implicit Social Cognition: Attitudes, Self-Esteem, and Stereotypes

Social behavior is ordinarily treated as being under conscious (if not always thoughtful) control. However, considerable evidence now supports the view that social behavior often operates in an implicit or unconscious fashion. The identifying feature...

Economic Reform and the Process of Global Integration

Jeffrey D. Sachs, Andrew M. Warner, Anders Aslund, Stanley Fischer

A biomarker that identifies senescent human cells in culture and in aging skin in vivo.

Lee X, Basile G, Acosta M, Scott G, Medrano Ee, Olivia M. Pereira-Smith

Neuro-dynamic programming: an overview

We discuss a relatively new class of dynamic programming methods for control and sequential decision making under uncertainty. These methods have the potential of dealing with problems that for a long time were thought to be intractable due to either...

INSTITUTIONS AND ECONOMIC PERFORMANCE: CROSS‐COUNTRY TESTS USING ALTERNATIVE INSTITUTIONAL MEASURES

This paper compares more direct measures of the institutional environment with both the instability proxies used by Barro (1991) and the Gastil indices, by comparing their effects both on growth and private investment. The results provide substantial...

Tumor suppressor p53 is a direct transcriptional activator of the human bax gene

The bax gene promoter region contains four motifs with homology to consensus p53-binding sites. In co-transfection assays using p53-deficient tumor cell lines, wild-type but not mutant p53 expression plasmids transactivated a reporter gene plasmid that...

Identification and Expression Cloning of a Leptin Receptor, OB-R

Louis A. Tartaglia, Marlene Dembski, Xun Weng, Nanhua Deng, Janice A. Culpepper, Rene Devos, Grayson Richards, L. Arthur Campfield, Frederick T. Clark, Jim Deeds, Craig Muir, Sean Sanker, Ann Moriarty, Karen J. Moore, John S. Smutko, Gail G. Mays, Elizabeth A. Wool, Cheryl A. Monroe, Robert I. Tepper

Weight-reducing effects of the plasma protein encoded by the obese gene.

The gene product of the ob locus is important in the regulation of body weight. The ob product was shown to be present as a 16-kilodalton protein in mouse and human plasma but was undetectable in plasma from C57BL/6J ob/ob mice. Plasma levels of this...

Failure of blood-island formation and vasculogenesis in Flk-1-deficient mice.

Fouad Shalaby, Janet Rossant, Terry P. Yamaguchi, Marina Gertsenstein, Xiang-Fu Wu, Martin L. Breitman, Andre C. Schuh

Psychological contracts in organizations : understanding written and unwritten agreements

Psychological contracts in organizations : understanding written and unwritten agreements

Endarterectomy for Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Stenosis

To the Editor. —The authors of the ACAS1 concluded that patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis of 60% or more and who have an acceptable surgical risk will have a reduced 5-year risk of ipsilateral stroke if carotid endarterectomy is performed...

Cloning of a gene bearing missense mutations in early-onset familial Alzheimer's disease.

Some cases of Alzheimer's disease are inherited as an autosomal dominant trait. Genetic linkage studies have mapped a locus (AD3) associated with susceptibility to a very aggressive form of Alzheimer's disease to chromosome 14q24.3. We have defined a...

Computer self-efficacy: development of a measure and initial test

This paper discusses the role of individuals' beliefs about their abilities to competently use computers (computer self-efficacy) in the determination of computer use. A survey of Canadian managers and professionals was conducted to develop and validate...

Endarterectomy for Asymptomatic Carotid Artery Stenosis-Reply

To the Editor. —The authors of the ACAS1 concluded that patients with asymptomatic carotid artery stenosis of 60% or more and who have an acceptable surgical risk will have a reduced 5-year risk of ipsilateral stroke if carotid endarterectomy is performed...

Life on the Screen: Identity in the Age of the Internet

From the Publisher:A Question of IdentityLife on the Screen is a fascinating and wide-ranging investigation of the impact of computers and networking on society, peoples' perceptions of themselves, and the individual's relationship to machines. Sherry...

Dietary Modulation of the Human Colonic Microbiota: Introducing the Concept of Prebiotics

Prebiotics are non-digestible (by the host) food ingredients that have a beneficial effect through their selective metabolism in the intestinal tract. Key to this is the specificity of microbial changes. The present paper reviews the concept in terms...

The Glut athione S-Transferase Supergene Family: Regulation of GST and the Contribution of the lsoenzymes to Cancer Chemoprotection and Drug Resistance Part I

The glutathione S-transferases (GST) represent a major group of detoxification enzymes. All eukaryotic species possess multiple cytosolic and membrane-bound GST isoenzymes, each of which displays distinct catalytic as well as noncatalytic binding properties:...

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