CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 1992

Page 1
Regression Models and Life-Tables

The analysis of censored failure times is considered. It is assumed that on each individual are available values of one or more explanatory variables. The hazard function (age-specific failure rate) is taken to be a function of the explanatory variables...

A power primer.

One possible reason for the continued neglect of statistical power analysis in research in the behavioral sciences is the inaccessibility of or difficulty with the standard material. A convenient, although not comprehensive, presentation of required sample...

Alternative Ways of Assessing Model Fit

This article is concerned with measures of fit of a model. Two types of error involved in fitting a model are considered. The first is error of approximation which involves the fit of the model, with optimally chosen but unknown parameter values, to the...

The MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) I. Conceptual framework and item selection

The MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) I. Conceptual framework and item selection

Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods

Jill K. Welch, Michael Quinn Patton

Ordered mesoporous molecular sieves synthesized by a liquid-crystal template mechanism

C.T. Kresge, Michael E. Leonowicz, Wieslaw J. Roth, James C. Vartuli, Jeffrey S. Beck

The Cross-Section of Expected Stock Returns

Two easily measured variables, size and book-to-market equity, combine to capture the cross-sectional variation in average stock returns associated with market {3, size, leverage, book-to-market equity, and earnings-price ratios. Moreover, when the tests...

Basics of Qualitative Research

Julie L. Ozanne, Anselm L. Strauss, Juliet M. Corbin

A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth

This paper examines whether the Solow growth model is consistent with the international variation in the standard of living. It shows that an augmented Solow model that includes accumulation of human as well as physical capital provides an excellent description...

Knowledge of the Firm, Combinative Capabilities, and the Replication of Technology

How should we understand why firms exist? A prevailing view has been that they serve to keep in check the transaction costs arising from the self-interested motivations of individuals. We develop in this article the argument that what firms do better...

A New Family of Mesoporous Molecular Sieves Prepared with Liquid Crystal Templates

The synthesis, characterization, and proposed mechanism of formation of a new family of silicatelaluminosilicate mesoporous molecular sieves designated as M41S is described. MCM-41, one member of this family, exhibits a hexagonal arrangement of uniform...

Geography and Trade

"I have spent my whole professional life as an international economist thinking and writing about economic geography, without being aware of it," begins Paul Krugman in the readable and anecdotal style that has become a hallmark of his writings. Krugman...

Electron affinities of the first‐row atoms revisited. Systematic basis sets and wave functions

The calculation of accurate electron affinities (EAs) of atomic or molecular species is one of the most challenging tasks in quantum chemistry. We describe a reliable procedure for calculating the electron affinity of an atom and present results for hydrogen,...

Definitions for Sepsis and Organ Failure and Guidelines for the Use of Innovative Therapies in Sepsis

Roger C. Bone, R.A. Balk, Frank B. Cerra, R. Phillip Dellinger, Alan M. Fein, William A. Knaus, Roland M. H. Schein, Sibbald Wj

The MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36)

The SF-36® Health Survey is a 36-item instrument. The SF-36® Health Survey measures the following eight health concepts, which are relevant across age, disease, and treatment groups: Physical functioning; role limitations due to physical health problems;...

In Search of How People Change Applications to Addictive Behaviors

How people intentionally change addictive behaviors with and without treatment is not well understood by behavioral scientists. This article summarizes research on self-initiated and professionally facilitated change of addictive behaviors using the key...

Advances in prospect theory : Cumulative representation of uncertainty

We develop a new version of prospect theory that employs cumulative rather than separable decision weights and extends the theory in several respects. This version, called cumulative prospect theory, applies to uncertain as well as to risky prospects...

Nonlinear total variation based noise removal algorithms

A constrained optimization type of numerical algorithm for removing noise from images is presented. The total variation of the image is minimized subject to constraints involving the statistics of the noise. The constraints are imposed using Lanrange...

Accuracy of clinical diagnosis of idiopathic Parkinson's disease: a clinico-pathological study of 100 cases.

Few detailed clinico-pathological correlations of Parkinson's disease have been published. The pathological findings in 100 patients diagnosed prospectively by a group of consultant neurologists as having idiopathic Parkinson's disease are reported. Seventy...

Testing the Null Hypothesis of Stationarity Against the Alternative of a Unit Root: How Sure Are We That Economic Time Series Have a Unit Root?

The standard conclusion that is drawn from this empirical evidence is that many or most aggregate economic time series contain a unit root. However, it is important to note that in this empirical work the unit root is set up as the null hypothesis testing...

Numerical recipes in Fortran

William T. Vetterling, Saul A. Teukolsky, Brian P. Flannery

Differential display of eukaryotic messenger RNA by means of the polymerase chain reaction

Effective methods are needed to identify and isolate those genes that are differentially expressed in various cells or under altered conditions. This report describes a method to separate and clone individual messenger RNAs (mRNAs) by means of the polymerase...

Iterative minimization techniques for ab initio total-energy calculations : molecular dynamics and conjugate gradients

M. C. Payne, Michael P. Teter, Douglas C. Allan, Tomas A. Arias, John D. Joannopoulos

A training algorithm for optimal margin classifiers

A training algorithm that maximizes the margin between the training patterns and the decision boundary is presented. The technique is applicable to a wide variety of the classification functions, including Perceptrons, polynomials, and Radial Basis Functions....

A SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS OF CROSS-COUNTRY GROWTH REGRESSIONS

A vast literature uses cross-country regressions to search for empirical linkages between long-run growth rates and a variety of economic policy, political, and institutional indicators. This paper examines whether the conclusions from existing studies...

A Model of Growth through Creative Destruction

A model of endogenous growth is developed in which growth is driven by vertical innovations that involve creative destruction. Equilibrium is determined by a forward-looking difference equation, according to which the amount of research in any period...

A method for registration of 3-D shapes

The authors describe a general-purpose, representation-independent method for the accurate and computationally efficient registration of 3-D shapes including free-form curves and surfaces. The method handles the full six degrees of freedom and is based...

Higher-order implicit strong numerical schemes for stochastic differential equations

Higher-order implicit strong numerical schemes for stochastic differential equations

Mice deficient for p53 are developmentally normal but susceptible to spontaneous tumours

Lawrence A. Donehower, Michele Harvey, Betty L. Slagle, Mark J. McArthur, Charles A. Montgomery, Janet S. Butel, Allan Bradley

Information Systems Success: The Quest for the Dependent Variable

A large number of studies have been conducted during the last decade and a half attempting to identify those factors that contribute to information systems success. However, the dependent variable in these studies—I/S success—has been an elusive one...

Fully optimized contracted Gaussian basis sets for atoms Li to Kr

Various contracted Gaussian basis sets for atoms up to Kr are presented which have been determined by optimizing atomic self‐consistent field ground state energies with respect to all basis set parameters, i.e., orbital exponents and contraction coefficients.

Effect of captopril on mortality and morbidity in patients with left ventricular dysfunction after myocardial infarction : results of the survival and ventricular enlargement trial

Marc A. Pfeffer, Eugene Braunwald, Lemuel A. Moyé, Lofty L. Basta, Edward J. Brown, Cuddy Te, Barry R. Davis, Edward M. Geltman, Steven Goldman, Greg C. Flaker, Marc Klein, Gervasio A. Lamas, Milton Packer, Jacques Rouleau, Jean L. Rouleau, John D. Rutherford, John H. Wertheimer, C. Morton Hawkins

Intracellular signaling by hydrolysis of phospholipids and activation of protein kinase C.

Hydrolysis of inositol phospholipids by phospholipase C is initiated by either receptor stimulation or opening of Ca2+ channels. This was once thought to be the sole mechanism to produce the diacylglycerol that links extracellular signals to intracellular...

A Theory of Fads, Fashion, Custom, and Cultural Change as Informational Cascades

An informational cascade occurs when it is optimal for an individual, having observed the actions of those ahead of him, to follow the behavior of the preceding individual without regard to his own information. We argue that localized conformity of behavior...

Tight control of gene expression in mammalian cells by tetracycline-responsive promoters.

Control elements of the tetracycline-resistance operon encoded in Tn10 of Escherichia coli have been utilized to establish a highly efficient regulatory system in mammalian cells. By fusing the tet repressor with the activating domain of virion protein...

Non-invasive detection of endothelial dysfunction in children and adults at risk of atherosclerosis

Endothelial dysfunction is an early event in experimental studies of atherogenesis, preceding formation of plaques. We have devised a non-invasive method for testing endothelial function, to find out whether abnormalities are present in symptom-free children...

The Problem of Pattern and Scale in Ecology

It is argued that the problem of pattern and scale is the central problem in ecology, unifying population biology and ecosystems science, and marrying basic and applied ecology. Applied challenges, such as the prediction of the ecological causes and consequences...

Supersymmetry and supergravity

J. Wess, Jonathan Bagger

ARCH modeling in finance: A review of the theory and empirical evidence

Although volatility clustering has a long history as a salient empirical regularity characterizing high-frequency speculative prices, it was not until recently that applied researchers in finance have recognized the importance of explicitly modeling time-varying...

Efficient Tests for an Autoregressive Unit Root

This paper derives the asymptotic power envelope for tests of a unit autoregressive root for various trend specifications and stationary Gaussian autoregressive disturbances. A family of tests is proposed, members of which are asymptotically similar under...

Testing the null hypothesis of stationarity against the alternative of a unit root

Denis Kwiatkowski, Peter C.B. Phillips, Peter Schmidt, Yongcheol Shin

Computer and Robot Vision

From the Publisher:This two-volume set is an authoritative, comprehensive, modern work on computer vision that covers all of the different areas of vision with a balanced and unified approach. The discussion in "Volume I" focuses on image in, and image...

The small GTP-binding protein rho regulates the assembly of focal adhesions and actin stress fibers in response to growth factors

Actin stress fibers are one of the major cytoskeletal structures in fibroblasts and are linked to the plasma membrane at focal adhesions. rho, a ras-related GTP-binding protein, rapidly stimulated stress fiber and focal adhesion formation when microinjected...

Evolution and ecology of influenza A viruses.

Robert G. Webster, William J. Bean, Owen T. Gorman, Thomas M. Chambers, Yoshihiro Kawaoka

Compact finite difference schemes with spectral-like resolution

Finite difference schemes providing an improved representation of a range of scales (spectral-like resolution) in the evaluation of first, second, and higher order derivatives are presented and compared with well-known schemes. The schemes may be used...

Isolation and structure of a brain constituent that binds to the cannabinoid receptor

Arachidonylethanolamide, an arachidonic acid derivative in porcine brain, was identified in a screen for endogenous ligands for the cannabinoid receptor. The structure of this compound, which has been named "anandamide," was determined by mass spectrometry...

A survey of image registration techniques

Registration is a fundamental task in image processing used to match two or more pictures taken, for example, at different times, from different sensors, or from different viewpoints. Virtually all large systems which evaluate images require the registration...

BI-CGSTAB: a fast and smoothly converging variant of BI-CG for the solution of nonsymmetric linear systems

Recently the Conjugate Gradients-Squared (CG-S) method has been proposed as an attractive variant of the Bi-Conjugate Gradients (Bi-CG) method. However, it has been observed that CG-S may lead to a rather irregular convergence behaviour, so that in some...

The probabilistic method

The use of randomness is now an accepted tool in Theoretical Computer Science but not everyone is aware of the underpinnings of this methodology in Combinatorics - particularly, in what is now called the probabilistic Method as developed primarily by...

The active badge location system

A novel system for the location of people in an office environment is described. Members of staff wear badges that transmit signals providing information about their location to a centralized location service, through a network of sensors. The paper also...

Further Evidence on the Great Crash, the Oil-Price Shock, and the Unit-Root Hypothesis

Recently, Perron has carried out tests of the unit-root hypothesis against the alternative hypothesis of trend stationarity with a break in the trend occurring at the Great Crash of 1929 or at the 1973 oil-price shock. His analysis covers the Nelson–Plosser...

UFF, a full periodic table force field for molecular mechanics and molecular dynamics simulations

Rappe A, C. J. Casewit, K. S. Colwell, William A. Goddard, W. M. Skiff

Changes in Relative Wages, 1963–1987: Supply and Demand Factors

A simple supply and demand framework is used to analyze changes in the U. S. wage structure from 1963 to 1987. Rapid secular growth in the demand for more-educated workers, "more-skilled" workers, and females appears to be the driving force behind observed...

Protection for Sale

The authors develop a model in which special-interest groups make political contributions in order to influence an incumbent government's choice of trade policy. The interest groups bid for protection with their campaign support. Politicians maximize...

Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems: An Introductory Analysis with Applications to Biology, Control and Artificial Intelligence

From the Publisher:Genetic algorithms are playing an increasingly important role in studies of complex adaptive systems, ranging from adaptive agents in economic theory to the use of machine learning techniques in the design of complex devices such as...

The duality of technology: rethinking the concept of technology in organizations

This paper develops a new theoretical model with which to examine the interaction between technology and organizations. Early research studies assumed technology to be an objective, external force that would have deterministic impacts on organizational...

THE AGGRESSION QUESTIONNAIRE

A new questionnaire on aggression was constructed. Replicated factor analyses yielded 4 scales: Physical Aggression, Verbal Aggression, Anger, and Hostility. Correlational analysis revealed that anger is the bridge between both physical and verbal aggression...

A Bayesian Method for the Induction of Probabilistic Networks from Data

This paper presents a Bayesian method for constructing probabilistic networks from databases. In particular, we focus on constructing Bayesian belief networks. Potential applications include computer-assisted hypothesis testing, automated scientific discovery,...

Applied nonparametric regression

Applied Nonparametric Regression is the first book to bring together in one place the techniques for regression curve smoothing involving more than one variable. The computer and the development of interactive graphics programs have made curve estimation...

Technical details of intraoperative lymphatic mapping for early stage melanoma.

Donald L. Morton, Duan-Ren Wen, Jan H. Wong, James S. Economou, F. Kristian Storm, Leland J. Foshag, Alistair J. Cochran

The small GTP-binding protein rac regulates growth factor-induced membrane ruffling

The function of rac, a ras-related GTP-binding protein, was investigated in fibroblasts by microinjection. In confluent serum-starved Swiss 3T3 cells, rac1 rapidly stimulated actin filament accumulation at the plasma membrane, forming membrane ruffles....

A continuum method for modeling surface tension

A new method for modeling surface tension effects on fluid motion has been developed. Interfaces between fluids of different properties, or “colors,” are represented as transition regions of finite thickness, across which the color variable varies...

Characterization of signals from multiscale edges

A multiscale Canny edge detection is equivalent to finding the local maxima of a wavelet transform. The authors study the properties of multiscale edges through the wavelet theory. For pattern recognition, one often needs to discriminate different types...

Relationship Between Wind Speed and Gas Exchange Over the Ocean

Relationships between wind speed and gas transfer, combined with knowledge of the partial pressure difference of CO2 across the air-sea interface are frequently used to determine the CO2 flux between the ocean and the atmosphere. Little attention has...

Separate visual pathways for perception and action.

Accumulating neuropsychological, electrophysiological and behavioural evidence suggests that the neural substrates of visual perception may be quite distinct from those underlying the visual control of actions. In other words, the set of object descriptions...

Image coding using wavelet transform

A scheme for image compression that takes into account psychovisual features both in the space and frequency domains is proposed. This method involves two steps. First, a wavelet transform used in order to obtain a set of biorthogonal subclasses of images:...

Extrinsic and Intrinsic Motivation to Use Computers in the Workplace1

Fred D. Davis, Richard P. Bagozzi, Paul R. Warshaw

The Fifth Edition of the Addiction Severity Index

The Addiction Severity Index (ASZ) is 12 years old and has been revised to include a new section on family history of alcohol, drug, andpsychiatricproblems. New items were added in exist- ing sections to assess route of drug administration; additional...

A Capacity Theory of Comprehension: Individual Differences in Working Memory.

A theory of the way working memory capacity constrains comprehension is proposed. The theory proposes that both processing and storage are mediated by activation and that the total amount of activation available in working memory varies among individuals....

The Dynamics of Productivity in the Telecommunications Equipment Industry

Technological change and deregulation have caused a major restructuring of the telecommunications equipment industry over the last two decades. We estimate the parameters of a production function for the equipment industry and then use those estimates...

User’s guide to viscosity solutions of second order partial differential equations

: The notion of viscosity solutions of scalar fully nonlinear partial differential equations of second order provides a framework in which startling comparison and uniqueness theorems, existence theorems, and theorems about continuous dependence may now...

Photoinduced Electron Transfer from a Conducting Polymer to Buckminsterfullerene

Evidence for photoinduced electron transfer from the excited state of a conducting polymer onto buckminsterfullerene, C60, is reported. After photo-excitation of the conjugated polymer with light of energy greater than the π-π* gap, an electron transfer...

Density matrix formulation for quantum renormalization groups

Density matrix formulation for quantum renormalization groups

Molecular diversity of glutamate receptors and implications for brain function

The glutamate receptors mediate excitatory neurotransmission in the brain and are important in memory acquisition, learning, and some neurodegenerative disorders. This receptor family is classified in three groups: the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA), alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionate...

Singularity detection and processing with wavelets

The mathematical characterization of singularities with Lipschitz exponents is reviewed. Theorems that estimate local Lipschitz exponents of functions from the evolution across scales of their wavelet transform are reviewed. It is then proven that the...

A Simple Model of Herd Behavior

We analyze a sequential decision model in which each decision maker looks at the decisions made by previous decision makers in taking her own decision. This is rational for her because these other decision makers may have some information that is important...

Overexpression of a transporter gene in a multidrug-resistant human lung cancer cell line

The doxorubicin-selected lung cancer cell line H69AR is resistant to many chemotherapeutic agents. However, like most tumor samples from individuals with this disease, it does not overexpress P-glycoprotein, a transmembrane transport protein that is dependent...

Structure in the COBE differential microwave radiometer first year maps

George F. Smoot, R. F. Silverberg, E. S. Cheng, John C. Mather, T. Kelsall, Paul D. Jackson, J. Aymon, Nancy W. Boggess, G. De Amici, S. Gulkis, Michael G. Hauser, D. T. Wilkinson, A. Kogut, L. Tenorio, Stephan S. Meyer, S. H. Moseley, Charles L. Bennett, L. Rokke, E. L. Wright, P. Keegstra, Michael A. Janssen, K. Loewenstein, E. Kaita, T. L. Murdock, R. Weiss, Philip M. Lubin, G. Hinshaw

Entropy-based algorithms for best basis selection

Adapted waveform analysis uses a library of orthonormal bases and an efficiency functional to match a basis to a given signal or family of signals. It permits efficient compression of a variety of signals, such as sound and images. The predefined libraries...

Next »
1 2 3 4 5 6 ... Last

© 2016 CiteWeb.info — WorldWeb citation database

Up ↑