CiteWeb

WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 1991

Page 1
Firm Resources and Sustained Competitive Advantage

Understanding sources of sustained competitive advantage has be­ come a major area of research in strategic management. Building on the assumptions that strategic resources are heterogeneously distrib­ uted across firms and that these differences are...

The Theory of Planned Behavior

Research dealing with various aspects of* the theory of planned behavior (Ajzen, 1985, 1987) is reviewed, and some unresolved issues are discussed. In broad terms, the theory is found to be well supported by empirical evidence. Intentions to perform behaviors...

Elements of information theory

Thomas M. Cover, Joy A. Thomas

Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations

This paper presents specification tests that are applicable after estimating a dynamic model from panel data by the generalized method of moments (GMM), and studies the practical performance of these procedures using both generated and real data. Our...

Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation.

People in different cultures have strikingly different construals of the self, of others, and of the interdependence of the 2. These construals can influence, and in many cases determine, the very nature of individual experience, including cognition,...

Exploration and Exploitation in Organizational Learning

This paper considers the relation between the exploration of new possibilities and the exploitation of old certainties in organizational learning. It examines some complications in allocating resources between the two, particularly those introduced by...

The social system

THE present volume is an attempt to bring together, in systematic and generalized form, the main outlines of a conceptual scheme for the analysis of the structure and processes of social systems. In the nature of the case, within the frame of reference...

Principles of neural science

Eric R. Kandel, James H. Schwartz, Thomas M. Jessell

Neuropathological staging of Alzheimer-related changes

Neuropathological staging of Alzheimer-related changes

Optical coherence tomography

Optical coherence tomography (OCT) is a high-speed, three-dimensional optical imaging technique that provides cross-sectional images of tissue microstructure with contrast based on the changes in the optical properties (refractive index) of the tissue....

Handbook of genetic algorithms

This book sets out to explain what genetic algorithms are and how they can be used to solve real-world problems. The first objective is tackled by the editor, Lawrence Davis. The remainder of the book is turned over to a series of short review articles...

p53 mutations in human cancers

Mutations in the evolutionarily conserved codons of the p53 tumor suppressor gene are common in diverse types of human cancer. The p53 mutational spectrum differs among cancers of the colon, lung, esophagus, breast, liver, brain, reticuloendothelial tissues,...

Quantum cryptography based on Bell's theorem

Practical application of the generalized Bells theorem in the so-called key distribution process in cryptography is reported. The proposed scheme is based on the Bohms version of the Einstein-Podolsky-Rosen gedanken experiment and Bells theorem is used...

Estimation and Hypothesis Testing of Cointegration Vectors in Gaussian Vector Autoregressive Models

This paper contains the likelihood analysis of vector autoregressive models allowing for cointegration. The author derives the likelihood ratio test for cointegrating rank and finds it asymptotic distribution. He shows that the maximum likelihood estimator...

16S ribosomal DNA amplification for phylogenetic study.

William G. Weisburg, Susan M. Barns, Dale A. Pelletier, David J. Lane

Organizational Learning: The Contributing Processes and the Literatures

This paper differs from previous examinations of organizational learning in that it is broader in scope and more evaluative of the literatures. Four constructs related to organizational learning knowledge acquisition, information distribution, information...

Effect of enalapril on survival in patients with reduced left ventricular ejection fractions and congestive heart failure

The addition of an angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitor, enalapril, to conventional therapy, significantly reduced mortality and hospitalizations for heart failure in patients with congestive heart failure and reduced ejection fraction.

A rapid and simple method for measuring thymocyte apoptosis by propidium iodide staining and flow cytometry.

Corticosteroids, calcium ionophores and anti-CD3 monoclonal antibodies kill mouse thymocytes incubated in vitro. Cell death is preceded by extensive DNA fragmentation into oligonucleosomal subunits. This type of cell death (apoptosis), which physiologically...

The Resource-Based Theory of Competitive Advantage: Implications for Strategy Formulation

Recent contributions to strategic management and the theory of the firm collectively known as the "resource-based view of the firm" provide illuminating insights into the sources of profitability and the nature of competitive strategy. This article argues...

The New Institutionalism In Organizational Analysis

Alice O. Andrews, Walter W. Powell, Paul DiMaggio

The Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence: a revision of the Fagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire

We examine and refine the Pagerstrom Tolerance Questionnaire (PTQ Pagerstrom, 1978). The relation between each PTQ item and biochemical measures of heaviness of smoking was examined in 254 smokers. We found that the nicotine rating item and the inhalation...

Clinical significance: a statistical approach to defining meaningful change in psychotherapy research.

In 1984, Jacobson, Follette, and Revenstorf defined clinically significant change as the extent to which therapy moves someone outside the range of the dysfunctional population or within the range of the functional population. In the present article,...

Distributed Hierarchical Processing in the Primate Cerebral Cortex

In recent years, many new cortical areas have been identified in the macaque monkey. The number of identified connections between areas has increased even more dramatically. We report here on (1) a summary of the layout of cortical areas associated with...

Organizational Learning and Communities-of-Practice: Toward a Unified View of Working, Learning, and Innovation

Recent ethnographic studies of workplace practices indicate that the ways people actually work usually differ fundamentally from the ways organizations describe that work in manuals, training programs, organizational charts, and job descriptions. Nevertheless,...

Development of an Instrument to Measure the Perceptions of Adopting an Information Technology Innovation

This paper reports on the development of an instrument designed to measure the various perceptions that an individual may have of adopting an information technology IT innovation. This instrument is intended to be a tool for the study of the initial adoption...

Conditional heteroskedasticity in asset returns : A new approach

This paper introduces an ARCH model (exponential ARCH) that (1) allows correlation between returns and volatility innovations (an important feature of stock market volatility changes), (2) eliminates the need for inequality constraints on parameters,...

The production of space

The production of space

Protein folding and association: Insights from the interfacial and thermodynamic properties of hydrocarbons

We demonstrate in this work that the surface tension, water-organic solvent, transfer-free energies and the thermodynamics of melting of linear alkanes provide fundamen- tal insights into the nonpolar driving forces for protein folding and protein binding...

Efficient Capital Markets: II

SEQUELS ARE RARELY AS good as the originals, so I approach this review of the market efflciency literature with trepidation. The task is thornier than it was 20 years ago, when work on efficiency was rather new. The literature is now so large that a full...

STRATEGIC RESPONSES TO INSTITUTIONAL PROCESSES

This article applies the convergent insights of institutional and resource dependence perspectives to the prediction of strategic responses to institutional processes. The article offers a typology of strategic responses that vary in active organizational...

The Dendritic Cell System and its Role in Immunogenicity

Dendritic cells are a system of antigen presenting cells that function to initiate several immune responses such as the sensitization ofMHC -restric­ ted T cells, the rejection of organ transplants, and the formation of T­ dependent antibodies. Dendritic...

A dynamic subgrid‐scale eddy viscosity model

One major drawback of the eddy viscosity subgrid‐scale stress models used in large‐eddy simulations is their inability to represent correctly with a single universal constant different turbulent fields in rotating or sheared flows, near solid walls,...

Efficient selection for high-expression transfectants with a novel eukaryotic vector

We have developed a new expression vector which allows efficient selection for transfectants that express foreign genes at high levels. The vector is composed of a ubiquitously strong promoter based on the β-actin promoter, a 69% Subregion of the bovine...

Face recognition using eigenfaces

An approach to the detection and identification of human faces is presented, and a working, near-real-time face recognition system which tracks a subject's head and then recognizes the person by comparing characteristics of the face to those of known...

A Theory of Goal Setting and Task Performance

Henry L. Tosi, Edwin A. Locke, Gary P. Latham

Bond‐valence parameters for solids

Bond-valence parameters which relate bond valences and bond lengths have been derived for a large number of bonds. It is shown that there is a strong linear correlation between the parameters for bonds from cations to pairs of anions. This correlation...

Insulin resistance : a multifaceted syndrome responsible for NIDDM, obesity, hypertension, dyslipidemia, and atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease

Diabetes mellitus is commonly associated with systolic/diastolic hypertension, and a wealth of epidemiological data suggest that this association is independent of age and obesity. Much evidence indicates that the link between diabetes and essential hypertension...

Pathological prognostic factors in breast cancer. I. The value of histological grade in breast cancer: experience from a large study with long-term follow-up

Morphological assessment of the degree of differentiation has been shown in numerous studies to provide useful prognostic information in breast cancer, but until recently histological grading has not been accepted as a routine procedure, mainly because...

Incidence of adverse events and negligence in hospitalized patients. Results of the Harvard Medical Practice Study I.

Brennan Ta, Lucian L. Leape, N. M. Lairds, Liesi E. Hebert, R. Logalio, A. G. Lanwthers, Joseph P. Newhouse, Paul C. Weiler, Howard H. Hiatt

Mesenchymal stem cells

Mesenchymal stem cells

Detection theory : a user's guide

Neil A. Macmillan, C. Douglas Creelman

Segregation of a missense mutation in the amyloid precursor protein gene with familial Alzheimer's disease

A locus segregating with familial Alzheimer's disease (AD) has been mapped to chromosome 21, close to the amyloid precursor protein (APP) gene. Recombinants between the APP gene and the AD locus have been reported which seemed to exclude it as the site...

Watersheds in digital spaces: an efficient algorithm based on immersion simulations

A fast and flexible algorithm for computing watersheds in digital gray-scale images is introduced. A review of watersheds and related motion is first presented, and the major methods to determine watersheds are discussed. The algorithm is based on an...

The Consortium to Establish a Registry for Alzheimer's Disease (CERAD). Part II. Standardization of the neuropathologic assessment of Alzheimer's disease

Suzanne S. Mirra, Albert Heyman, Daniel W. McKeel, S. M. Sumi, Barbara J. Crain, Linda Brownlee, F. S. Vogel, James P. Hughes, G. van Belle, L. Berg, participating Cerad neuropathologists

Postmodernism, or, The cultural logic of late capitalism

Now in paperback, Fredric Jameson’s most wide-ranging work seeks to crystallize a definition of ”postmodernism.” Jameson’s inquiry looks at the postmodern across a wide landscape, from “high” art to “low” from market ideology to architecture,...

People, states and fear : an agenda for international security studies in the post-cold war era

The second edition of this widely acclaimed book takes as its main theme the question of how states and societies pursue freedom from threat in an environment in which competitive relations are inescapable across the political, economic, military, societal...

Growth in Cities

Recent theories of economic growth, including those of Romer, Porter, and Jacobs, have stressed the role of technological spillovers in generating growth. Because such knowledge spillovers are particularly effective in cities, where communication between...

A novel multigene family may encode odorant receptors: a molecular basis for odor recognition.

Summary The mammalian olfactory system can recognize and discriminate a large number of different odorant molecules. The detection of chemically distinct odorants presumably results from the association of odorous Ugands with specific receptors on olfactory...

The p53 tumour suppressor gene.

Arnold J. Levine, Jamil Momand, Cathy A. Finlay

Loss Aversion in Riskless Choice: A Reference-Dependent Model

Much experimental evidence indicates that choice depends on the status quo or reference level: changes of reference point often lead to reversals of preference. We present a reference-dependent theory of consumer choice, which explains such effects by...

EDGE deep seismic reflection transect of the eastern Aleutian arc-trench layered lower crust reveals underplating and continental growth

J. Casey Moore, John B. Diebold, M. A. Fisher, Sample Jh, Thomas M. Brocher, R. von Huene, C. Rowe, D. Stone, Chris Stevens, Dale S. Sawyer

Role of Oxidative Stress in Development of Complications in Diabetes

Nϵ-(carboxymethyl)lysine, Nϵ-(carboxymethyl)hydroxylysine, and the fluorescent cross-link pentosidine are formed by sequential glycation and oxidation reactions between reducing sugars and proteins. These compounds, termed glycoxidation products , accumulate...

A review of assessing the accuracy of classifications of remotely sensed data

This paper reviews the necessary considerations and available techniques for assessing the accuracy of remotely sensed data. Included in this review are the classification system, the sampling scheme, the sample size, spatial autocorrelation, and the...

Tolerance of normal tissue to therapeutic irradiation

The importance of knowledge on tolerance of normal tissue organs to irradiation by radiation oncologists cannot be overemphasized. Unfortunately, current knowledge is less than adequate. With the increasing use of 3-D treatment planning and dose delivery,...

Environmental Impacts of a North American Free Trade Agreement

In general, a reduction in trade barriers will affect the environment by expanding the scale of economic activity, by altering the composition of economic activity and by initiating a change in the techniques of production. We present empirical evidence...

On the capacity of a cellular CDMA system

It is shown that, particularly for terrestrial cellular telephony, the interference-suppression feature of CDMA (code division multiple access) can result in a many-fold increase in capacity over analog and even over competing digital techniques. A single-cell...

Instance-Based Learning Algorithms

Storing and using specific instances improves the performance of several supervised learning algorithms. These include algorithms that learn decision trees, classification rules, and distributed networks. However, no investigation has analyzed algorithms...

A Multistage Model of Customers' Assessments of Service Quality and Value

This article develops a model of how customers with prior experiences and expectations assess service performance levels, overall service quality, and service value. The model is applied to residential customers' assessments of local telephone service....

A gene encoding an antigen recognized by cytolytic T lymphocytes on a human melanoma

Many human melanoma tumors express antigens that are recognized in vitro by cytolytic T lymphocytes (CTLs) derived from the tumor-bearing patient. A gene was identified that directed the expression of antigen MZ2-E on a human melanoma cell line. This...

Groupware: some issues and experiences

Clarence A. Ellis, Simon Gibbs, Gail L. Rein

The Long‐Run Performance of initial Public Offerings

The underpricing of initial public offerings that has been widely documented appears to be a short-run phenomenon. Issuing firms during 1975-84 substantially underperformed a sample of matching firms from the closing price on the first day of public trading...

Distributive Politics and Economic Growth

We study the relationship between politics and economic growth in a simple model of endogenous growth with distributive conflict among agents endowed with varying capital/labor shares. We establish several results regarding the factor ownership of the...

Marketing services : competing through quality

Boris W. Becker, Leonard L. Berry, A. Parasuraman

Physical basis of cognitive alterations in Alzheimer's disease: synapse loss is the major correlate of cognitive impairment.

Robert D. Terry, Eliezer Masliah, David P. Salmon, Nelson Butters, Richard DeTeresa, Robert Hill

Participation of p53 Protein in the Cellular Response to DNA Damage

The inhibition of replicative DNA synthesis that follows DNA damage may be critical for avoiding genetic lesions that could contribute to cellular transformation. Exposure of ML-1 myeloblastic leukemia cells to non-lethal doses of the DNA damaging agents,...

[56] Molecular genetic analysis of fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe

This chapter describes techniques concerned with classical and molecular genetics, cell biology, and biochemistry that can be used with Schizosaccharomyces pombe . Conjugation and sporulation cannot take place in S. pombe except under conditions of...

A simple method for organotypic cultures of nervous tissue.

Hippocampal slices prepared from 2–23-day-old neonates were maintained in culture at the interface between air and a culture medium. They were placed on a sterile, transparent and porous membrane and kept in petri dishes in an incubator. No plasma clot...

Heteroskedasticity and Autocorrelation Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimation

This paper is concerned with the estimation of covariance matrices in the presence of heteroskedasticity and autocorrelation of unknown forms. Currently available estimators that are designed for this context depend upon the choice of a lag truncation...

Gaussian-2 theory for molecular energies of first- and second-row compounds

The Gaussian‐2 theoretical procedure (G2 theory), based on a b i n i t i o molecular orbital theory, for calculation of molecular energies (atomization energies, ionization potentials,electron affinities, and proton affinities) of compounds containing...

Measures of personality and social psychological attitudes

John P. Robinson, Phillip R. Shaver, Lawrence S. Wrightsman

The Embodied Mind: Cognitive Science and Human Experience

Francisco J. Varela, Evan Thompson, Eleanor Rosch

The APACHE III prognostic system. Risk prediction of hospital mortality for critically ill hospitalized adults.

Knaus Wa, Douglas P. Wagner, Elizabeth A. Draper, Jack E. Zimmerman, Marilyn Bergner, Paulo G. Bastos, Carl A. Sirio, Donald J. Murphy, Ted Lotring, Ann M. Damiano

Next »
1 2 3 4 5 6 ... Last

© 2016 CiteWeb.info — WorldWeb citation database

Up ↑