WorldWeb citation database

Publications in 1990

Page 1
Time Series Analysis, Forecasting and Control

From the Publisher:This is a complete revision of a classic, seminal, and authoritative book that has been the model for most books on the topic written since 1970. It focuses on practical techniques throughout, rather than a rigorous mathematical treatment...

Introduction To Automata Theory, Languages, And Computation

This book is a rigorous exposition of formal languages and models of computation, with an introduction to computational complexity. The authors present the theory in a concise and straightforward manner, with an eye out for the practical applications....


John G. K. Williams, Anne R. Kubelik, Kenneth J. Livak, J. Antoni Rafalski, Scott V. Tingey



Phase Annealing in SHELX-90: Direct Methods for Larger Structures

A number of extensions to the multisolution approach to the crystallographic phase problem are discussed in which the negative quartet relations play an important role. A phase annealing method, related to the simulated annealing approach in other optimization...

Reproduction in education, society and culture

Pierre Bourdieu, Richard Nice, Tom Bottomore

A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth

This paper examines whether the Solow growth model is consistent with the international variation in the standard of living. It shows that an augmented Solow model that includes accumulation of human as well as physical capital provides an excellent description...

PCR protocols: a guide to methods and applications.

Michael A. Innis, David H. Gelfand, John Sninsky, Thomas J. White

Increasing Returns and Economic Geography

This paper develops a two-region, two-sector general equilibriun model of location. The location of agricultural production is fixed, but ionopolistcally competitive manufacturing finns choose their location to maximize profits. If transportation costs...

Scale-space and edge detection using anisotropic diffusion

A new definition of scale-space is suggested, and a class of algorithms used to realize a diffusion process is introduced. The diffusion coefficient is chosen to vary spatially in such a way as to encourage intraregion smoothing rather than interregion...

Indexing by Latent Semantic Analysis

A new method for automatic indexing and retrieval is described. The approach is to take advantage of implicit higher-order structure in the association of terms with documents (“semantic structure”) in order to improve the detection of relevant documents...

A genetic model for colorectal tumorigenesis

Eric R. Fearon, Bert Vogelstein


Because of the “all-or-none” character of nervous activity, neural events and the relations among them can be treated by means of propositional logic. It is found that the behavior of every net can be described in these terms, with the addition of...

The self-organizing map

The self-organized map, an architecture suggested for artificial neural networks, is explained by presenting simulation experiments and practical applications. The self-organizing map has the property of effectively creating spatially organized internal...

Integer and Combinatorial Optimization

George L. Nemhauser, Laurence A. Wolsey

Systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment: RNA ligands to bacteriophage T4 DNA polymerase.

High-affinity nucleic acid ligands for a protein were isolated by a procedure that depends on alternate cycles of ligand selection from pools of variant sequences and amplification of the bound species. Multiple rounds exponentially enrich the population...

Comorbidity of mental disorders with alcohol and other drug abuse : results from the epidemiologic catchment area (ECA) study

The prevalence of comorbid alcohol, other drug, and mental disorders in the US total community and institutional population was determined from 20 291 persons interviewed in the National Institute of Mental Health Epidemiologic Catchment Area Program....

Increasing Returns and Economic Geography

This paper develops a two-region, two-sector general equilibriun model of location. The location of agricultural production is fixed, but ionopolistcally competitive manufacturing finns choose their location to maximize profits. If transportation costs...

Two-photon laser scanning fluorescence microscopy.

Molecular excitation by the simultaneous absorption of two photons provides intrinsic three-dimensional resolution in laser scanning fluorescence microscopy. The excitation of fluorophores having single-photon absorption in the ultraviolet with a stream...

Acts of meaning

Jerome Bruner argues that the cognitive revolution, with its current fixation on mind as "information processor;" has led psychology away from the deeper objective of understanding mind as a creator of meanings. Only by breaking out of the limitations...

New Colorimetric Cytotoxicity Assay for Anticancer-Drug Screening

Philip Skehan, Ritsa Storeng, Dominic A. Scudiero, Anne Monks, James B. McMahon, David T. Vistica, Jonathan R. Warren, Heidi R. Bokesch, Susan Kenney, Michael R. Boyd


This paper gives a systematic application of maximum likelihood inference concerning cointegration vectors in non-stationary vector valued autoregressive time series models with Gaussian errors, where the model includes a constant term and seasonal dummies....

Apparent hydroxyl radical production by peroxynitrite: implications for endothelial injury from nitric oxide and superoxide.

Superoxide dismutase reduces injury in many disease processes, implicating superoxide anion radical (O2-.) as a toxic species in vivo. A critical target of superoxide may be nitric oxide (NO.) produced by endothelium, macrophages, neutrophils, and brain...

Identification and control of dynamical systems using neural networks

It is demonstrated that neural networks can be used effectively for the identification and control of nonlinear dynamical systems. The emphasis is on models for both identification and control. Static and dynamic backpropagation methods for the adjustment...

Silicon quantum wire array fabrication by electrochemical and chemical dissolution of wafers

Indirect evidence is presented that free‐standing Si quantum wires can be fabricated without the use of epitaxialdeposition or lithography. The novel approach uses electrochemical and chemical dissolution steps to define networks of isolated wires out...

Finding Structure in Time

Time underlies many interesting human behaviors. Thus, the question of how to represent time in connectionist models is very important. One approach is to represent time implicitly by its effects on processing rather than explicitly (as in a spatial representation)....

Rapid and simple method for purification of nucleic acids.

R. Boom, C. J. A. Sol, M. M. M. Salimans, C. L. Jansen, P. M. E. Wertheim-van Dillen, J. van der Noordaa


Ultrafast computed tomography was used to detect and quantify coronary artery calcium levels in 584 subjects (mean age 48 ± 10 years) with (n = 109) and without (n = 475) clinical coronary artery disease. Fifty patients who underwent fluoroscopy and...

An all‐electron numerical method for solving the local density functional for polyatomic molecules

A method for accurate and efficient local density functional calculations (LDF) on molecules is described and presented with results. The method, Dmol for short, uses fast convergent three‐dimensional numerical integrations to calculate the matrix elements...

Spatial Econometrics: Methods and Models

Brian S. Yandell, Luc Anselin

A general theory of crime

Robert J. Sampson, Michael R. Gottfredson, Travis Hirschi

Sensitive measurement of optical nonlinearities using a single beam

A sensitive single-beam technique for measuring both the nonlinear refractive index and nonlinear absorption coefficient for a wide variety of materials is reported. The authors describe the experimental details and present a comprehensive theoretical...

Motivational and self-regulated learning components of classroom academic performance

A correlational study examined relationships between motivational orientation, self-regulated learning, and classroom academic performance for 173 seventh graders from eight science and seven English classes. A self-report measure of student self-efficacy,...

The American College of Rheumatology 1990 criteria for the classification of fibromyalgia: report of the Multicenter Criteria Committee

Claire Bombardier, Roger F Shere-Wolfe, Aryeh M Abeles, Smythe Ha, Jesse S. Campbell, P. J. Clark, Malcolm J. Bennett, Peter Tugwell, Fernando D. Goldenberg

Towards a natural system of organisms: proposal for the domains Archaea, Bacteria, and Eucarya.

Molecular structures and sequences are gen- erally more revealing of evolutionary relationships than are classical phenotypes (particularly so among microorganisms). Consequently, the basis for the definition of taxa has progres- sively shifted from the...

Use of T7 RNA polymerase to direct expression of cloned genes.

Studier Fw, Rosenberg Ah, John J. Dunn, Dubendorff Jw

Forecasting, Structural Time Series Models and the Kalman Filter

In this book, Andrew Harvey sets out to provide a unified and comprehensive theory of structural time series models. Unlike the traditional ARIMA models, structural time series models consist explicitly of unobserved components, such as trends and seasonals,...

Multicarrier modulation for data transmission: an idea whose time has come

The general technique of parallel transmission on many carriers, called multicarrier modulation (MCM), is explained. The performance that can be achieved on an undistorted channel and algorithms for achieving that performance are discussed. Ways of dealing...

Noise Trader Risk in Financial Markets

We present a simple overlapping generations model of an asset market in which irrational noise traders with erroneous stochastic beliefs both affect prices and earn higher expected returns. The unpredictability of noise traders’ beliefs creates a risk...

The wavelet transform, time-frequency localization and signal analysis

Two different procedures for effecting a frequency analysis of a time-dependent signal locally in time are studied. The first procedure is the short-time or windowed Fourier transform; the second is the wavelet transform, in which high-frequency components...

The R*-tree: an efficient and robust access method for points and rectangles

The R-tree, one of the most popular access methods for rectangles, is based on the heuristic optimization of the area of the enclosing rectangle in each inner node. By running numerous experiments in a standardized testbed under highly varying data, queries...

[1] Role of free radicals and catalytic metal ions in human diseases : an overview

This chapter discusses the role of free radicals and catalytic metal ions in human disease. The importance of transition metal ions in mediating oxidant damage naturally leads to the question as to what forms of such ions might be available to catalyze...

Principles and practice of infectious diseases

G. L. Mandell, R. Gordon Douglas

Patent Statistics as Economic Indicators: A Survey

This survey reviews the growing use of patent data in economic analysis. After describing some of the main characteristics of patents and patent data, it focuses on the use of patents as an indicator of technological change. Cross-sectional and time-series...

The american college of rheumatology 1990 criteria for the classification of fibromyalgia

Frederick Wolfe, Smythe Ha, Muhammad Yunus, Robert M. Bennett, Claire Bombardier, Don L. Goldenberg, Peter Tugwell, Stephen M. Campbell, Micha Abeles, Patricia Clark, Fam Ag, Stephen J. Farber, Justus J. Fiechtner, C. Michael Franklin, Daniel Hamaty, James L. Lessard, Alan S. Lichtbroun, Alfonse T. Masi, McCain Ga, W. John Reynolds, I. Jon Russell, Robert P. Sheon

CD14, a receptor for complexes of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and LPS binding protein.

Leukocytes respond to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) at nanogram per milliliter concentrations with secretion of cytokines such as tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha). Excess secretion of TNF-alpha causes endotoxic shock, an often fatal complication of...

Functional architecture of basal ganglia circuits: neural substrates of parallel processing

Concepts of basal ganglia organization have changed markedly over the past decade, due to significant advances in our understanding of the anatomy, physiology and pharmacology of these structures. Independent evidence from each of these fields has reinforced...

Blood pressure, stroke, and coronary heart disease. Part 1, Prolonged differences in blood pressure: prospective observational studies corrected for the regression dilution bias.

Stephen MacMahon, R Peto, J E Cutler, Rory Collins, P D Sorlie, James D. Neaton, R.P. Abbott, J Godwin, Jeremiah Stamler


Joseph L. Goldstein, Michael S. Brown

Property Rights and the Nature of the Firm

This paper provides a framework for addressing the question of when transactions should be carried out within a firm and when through the market. Following Grossman and Hart, we identify a firm with the assets that its owners control. We argue that the...

Electronic analog of the electro‐optic modulator

We propose an electron wave analog of the electro‐optic light modulator. The current modulation in the proposed structure arises from spin precession due to the spin‐orbit coupling in narrow‐gap semiconductors, while magnetized contacts are used...

Handbook of neuropsychology

François Boller, Jordan Grafman

An insertion/deletion polymorphism in the angiotensin I-converting enzyme gene accounting for half the variance of serum enzyme levels.

Rigat B, Charles Hubert, François Alhenc-Gelas, François Cambien, Pierre Corvol, Florent Soubrier

Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits

From the Publisher:A comprehensive treatment of analog integrated circuit analysis and design starting from the basics and through current industrial practices. The authors combine bipolar, CMOS and BiCMOS analog integrated-circuit design into a unified...

The Role of Consciousness in Second Language Learning1

Richard Schmidt presents on the role of consciousness in second language learning at the 1988 Second Language Research Forum (SLRF) held in at the University of Hawai‘i.

Feature-Oriented Domain Analysis (FODA) Feasibility Study

Kyo C. Kang, Sholom Cohen, James A. Hess, William E. Novak, A. Spencer Peterson

Structure of a cannabinoid receptor and functional expression of the cloned cDNA.

Lisa A. Matsuda, Stephen J. Lolait, Michael J. Brownstein, Alice C. Young, Tom I. Bonner

Probabilistic neural networks

By replacing the sigmoid activation function often used in neural networks with an exponential function, a probabilistic neural network (PNN) that can compute nonlinear decision boundaries which approach the Bayes optimal is formed. Alternate activation...

Additional evidence on equity ownership and corporate value

We investigate the relation between Tobin’s Q and the structure of equity ownership for a sample of 1,173 firms for 1976 and 1,093 firms for 1986. We find a significant curvilinear relation between Q and the fraction of common stock owned by corporate...

Bcl-2 is an inner mitochondrial membrane protein that blocks programmed cell death.

Hockenbery Dm, Gabriel Núñez, Curt L. Milliman, Schreiber Rd, Korsmeyer Sj

Blood pressure, stroke, and coronary heart disease. Part 2, Short-term reductions in blood pressure: overview of randomised drug trials in their epidemiological context.

Rory Collins, Richard Peto, Stephen MacMahon, Patricia R. Hebert, Nicholas H. Fiebach, K. A. Eberlein, Jon Godwin, Nawab Qizilbash, J.O Taylor, Hennekens Ch

Direct gene transfer into mouse muscle in vivo

RNA and DNA expression vectors containing genes for chloramphenicol acetyltransferase, luciferase, and beta-galactosidase were separately injected into mouse skeletal muscle in vivo. Protein expression was readily detected in all cases, and no special...

Development and validation of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire.

The present report describes the development of the Penn State Worry Questionnaire to measure the trait of worry. The 16-item instrument emerged from factor analysis of a large number of items and was found to possess high internal consistency and good...

A bridging model for parallel computation

The success of the von Neumann model of sequential computation is attributable to the fact that it is an efficient bridge between software and hardware: high-level languages can be efficiently compiled on to this model; yet it can be effeciently implemented...

[49] Determination of carbonyl content in oxidatively modified proteins

This chapter discusses methods to determine carbonyl content in oxidatively modified proteins. The methods described are (1) reduction of the carbonyl group to an alcohol with tritiated borohydride; (2) reaction of the carbonyl group with 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine...

Blood pressure, stroke, and coronary heart disease

Rory Collins, R Peto, Stephen MacMahon, J Godwin, P Hebert, K. Eberlein, Taylor Jo, Fiebach Nh

Primate models of movement disorders of basal ganglia origin

Movement disorders associated with basal ganglia dysfunction comprise a spectrum of abnormalities that range from the hypokinetic disorders (of which Parkinson's disease is the best-known example) at one extreme to the hyperkinetic disorders (exemplified...

MacroModel—an integrated software system for modeling organic and bioorganic molecules using molecular mechanics

Fariborz Mohamadi, Nigel G. J. Richards, Wayne C. Guida, Rob M. J. Liskamp, Mark Lipton, Craig E. Caufield, George Chang, Thomas F. Hendrickson, W. Clark Still

Criteria for diagnosis of Behçet's disease

B. Weichsler, Fereydoun Davatchi, Y. Mizushima, M. Hamza, N. Dilsen, Emin Kansu, Hasan Yazici, C. Barnes, M.A. Chamberlain, David G. James, T. Lehner, O'Duffy Jd, A. S. Rigby, J. Gregory, A. J. Silman

The case for motivated reasoning.

It is proposed that motivation may affect reasoning through reliance on a biased set of cognitive processes—that is, strategies for accessing, constructing, and evaluating beliefs. The motivation to be accurate enhances use of those beliefs and strategies...

Longitudinal Field Research on Change: Theory and Practice

This paper reveals the author's theory of method for conducting longitudinal field research on change. The paper also discusses a range of practical problems in carrying out time-series research in organisational settings. The practical problems include...

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