CiteWeb

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Publications in 1988

Page 1
Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems: Networks of Plausible Inference

From the Publisher:Probabilistic Reasoning in Intelligent Systems is a complete andaccessible account of the theoretical foundations and computational methods that underlie plausible reasoning under uncertainty. The author provides a coherent explication...

Social Capital in the Creation of Human Capital

In this paper, the concept of social capital is introduced and illustrated, its forms are described, the social structural conditions under which it arises are examined, and it is used in an analysis ol dropouts from high school. Use of the concept of...

Structural Equation Modeling in Practice: A Review and Recommended Two-Step Approach

In this article, we provide guidance for substantive researchers on the use of structural equation modeling in practice for theory testing and development. We present a comprehensive, two-step modeling approach that employs a series of nested models and...

A simple salting out procedure for extracting DNA from human nucleated cells

Shirley A. Miller, Dale D. Dykes, Herbert F. Polesky

DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF BRIEF MEASURES OF POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE AFFECT: THE PANAS SCALES

In recent studies of the structure of affect, positive and negative affect have consistently emerged as two dominant and relatively independent dimensions. A number of mood scales have been created to measure these factors; however, many existing measures...

PRIMER DIRECTED ENZYMATIC AMPLIFICATION OF DNA WITH A THERMOSTABLE DNA POLYMERASE

A thermostable DNA polymerase was used in an in vitro DNA amplification procedure, the polymerase chain reaction. The enzyme, isolated from Thermus aquaticus, greatly simplifies the procedure and, by enabling the amplification reaction to be performed...

Snakes: Active Contour Models

A snake is an energy-minimizing spline guided by external constraint forces and influenced by image forces that pull it toward features such as lines and edges. Snakes are active contour models: they lock onto nearby edges, localizing them accurately....

Improved tools for biological sequence comparison.

William R. Pearson, David J. Lipman

The Theory of Industrial Organization

The Theory of Industrial Organization is the first primary text to treat the new industrial organization at the advanced-undergraduate and graduate level. Rigorously analytical and filled with exercises coded to indicate level of difficulty, it provides...

On the evaluation of structural equation models

Criteria for evaluating structural equation models with latent variables are defined, critiqued, and illustrated. An overall program for model evaluation is proposed based upon an interpretation of converging and diverging evidence. Model assessment is...

SERVQUAL ; A Multiple-Item Scale for Measuring Consumer Perceptions of Service Quality

SERVQUAL ; A Multiple-Item Scale for Measuring Consumer Perceptions of Service Quality

Testing for a Unit Root in Time Series Regression

This paper proposes some new tests for detecting the presence of a unit root in quite general time series models. Our approach is nonparametric with respect to nuisance parameters and thereby allows for a very wide class of weakly dependent and possibly...

Role of Insulin Resistance in Human Disease

Resistance to insulin-stimulated glucose uptake is present in the majority of patients with impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) or non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) and in ∼25% of nonobese individuals with normal oral glucose tolerance. In...

Fronts propagating with curvature-dependent speed: algorithms based on Hamilton-Jacobi formulations

We devise new numerical algorithms, called PSC algorithms, for following fronts propagating with curvature-dependent speed. The speed may be an arbitrary function of curvature, and the front also can be passively advected by an underlying flow. These...

Psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory: Twenty-five years of evaluation

Research studies focusing on the psychometric properties of the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) with psychiatric and nonpsychiatric samples were reviewed for the years 1961 through June, 1986. A meta-analysis of the BDI's internal consistency estimates...

A novel potent vasoconstrictor peptide produced by vascular endothelial cells

Masashi Yanagisawa, Hiroki Kurihara, Sadao Kimura, Yoko Tomobe, Mieko Kobayashi, Youji Mitsui, Yoshio Yazaki, Katsutoshi Goto, Tomoh Masaki

STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF COINTEGRATION VECTORS

We consider a nonstationary vector autoregressive process which is integrated of order 1, and generated by i.i.d. Gaussian errors. We then derive the maximum likelihood estimator of the space of cointegration vectors and the likelihood ratio test of the...

A SIMPLE TECHNIQUE FOR QUANTITATION OF LOW LEVELS OF DNA DAMAGE IN INDIVIDUAL CELLS

Human lymphocytes were either exposed to X-irradiation (25 to 200 rads) or treated with H2O2 (9.1 to 291 μM) at 4 °C and the extent of DNA migration was measured using a single-cell microgel electrophoresis technique under alkaline conditions. Both...

An Inventory for Measuring Clinical Anxiety: Psychometric Properties.

Aaron T. Beck, Norman Epstein, Gary C. Brown, Robert A. Steer

Management Ownership and Market Valuation: An Empirical Analysis

We investigate the relationship between management ownership and market valuation of the firm, as measured by Tobin's Q. In a 1980 cross-section of 371 Fortune 500 firms, we find evidence of a significant nonmonotonic relationship. Tobin's Q first increases,...

Congestion avoidance and control

In October of '86, the Internet had the first of what became a series of 'congestion collapses'. During this period, the data throughput from LBL to UC Berkeley (sites separated by 400 yards and three IMP hops) dropped from 32 Kbps to 40 bps. Mike Karels...

Integer and combinatorial optimization

George L. Nemhauser, Laurence A. Wolsey

Term-weighting approaches in automatic text retrieval

The experimental evidence accumulated over the past 20 years indicates that text indexing systems based on the assignment of appropriately weighted single terms produce retrieval results that are superior to those obtainable with other more elaborate...

THE STEROID AND THYROID HORMONE RECEPTOR SUPERFAMILY

Analyses of steroid receptors are important for understanding molecular details of transcriptional control, as well as providing insight as to how an individual transacting factor contributes to cell identity and function. These studies have led to the...

Illusion and Well-Being: A Social Psychological Perspective on Mental Health

Many prominent theorists have argued that accurate perceptions of the self, the world, and the future are essential for mental health. Yet considerable research evidence suggests that overly positive selfevaluations, exaggerated perceptions of control...

Diplomacy and Domestic Politics: The Logic of Two-Level Games

Domestic politics and international relations are often inextricably entangled, but existing theories (particularly “state-centric” theories) do not adequately account for these linkages. When national leaders must win ratification (formal or informal)...

A social-cognitive approach to motivation and personality

Past work has documented and described major patterns of adaptive and maladaptive behavior: the mastery.oriented and the helpless patterns. In this article, we present a research-based model that accounts for these patterns in terms of underlying psychological...

The cognitive structure of emotions

Andrew Ortony, Gerald L. Clore, Allan Collins

Critical review of rate constants for reactions of hydrated electrons, hydrogen atoms and hydroxyl radicals (・OH/・O[-]) in aqueous solution

Kinetic data for the radicals H⋅ and ⋅OH in aqueous solution,and the corresponding radical anions, ⋅O− and e aq− , have been critically pulse radiolysis, flash photolysis and other methods. Rate constants for over 3500 reaction are tabulated,...

Giant magnetoresistance of (001)Fe/(001)Cr magnetic superlattices.

M. N. Baibich, J. M. Broto, A. Fert, F. Nguyen Van Dau, F. Petroff, P. Etienne, G. Creuzet, A. Friederich, J. Chazelas

Object-Oriented Software Construction

From the Publisher:Object-Oriented Software Construction, second edition is the comprehensive reference on all aspects of object technology, from design principles to Object-Oriented techniques, Design by Contract, Object-Oriented analysis, concurrency,...

The heat-shock proteins.

Susan Lindquist, Elizabeth A. Craig

Cellular neural networks: theory

A novel class of information-processing systems called cellular neural networks is proposed. Like neural networks, they are large-scale nonlinear analog circuits that process signals in real time. Like cellular automata, they consist of a massive aggregate...

A new and sensitive method for measuring thermal nociception in cutaneous hyperalgesia.

Kenneth M. Hargreaves, Ronald Dubner, Fred Brown, C. M. Flores, Jean L. Joris

Single-step purification of polypeptides expressed in Escherichia coli as fusions with glutathione S-transferase.

Plasmid expression vectors have been constructed that direct the synthesis of foreign polypeptides in Escherichia coli as fusions with the C terminus of Sj26, a 26-kDa glutathione S -transferase (GST; EC 2.5.1.18) encoded by the parasitic helminth...

Sources, Procedures, and Microeconomic Effects of Innovation

Sources, Procedures, and Microeconomic Effects of Innovation

Risk factors for falls among elderly persons living in the community

To study risk factors for falling, we conducted a one-year prospective investigation, using a sample of 336 persons at least 75 years of age who were living in the community. All subjects underwent detailed clinical evaluation, including standardized...

CDC definitions for nosocomial infections, 1988

The Centers for Disease Control (CDC) has developed a new set of definitions for surveillance of nosocomial infections. The new definitions combine specific clinical findings with results of laboratory and other tests that include recent advances in diagnostic...

Government Spending in a Simple Model of Endogenous Growth

One strand of endogenous-growth models assumes constant returns to a broad concept of capital. I extend these models to include tax- financed government services that affect production or utility. Growth and saving rates fall with an increase in utility-type...

Orthonormal Bases of Compactly Supported Wavelets

We construct orthonormal bases of compactly supported wavelets, with arbitrarily high regularity. The order of regularity increases linearly with the support width. We start by reviewing the concept of multiresolution analysis as well as several algorithms...

On ordered weighted averaging aggregation operators in multicriteria decisionmaking

The author is primarily concerned with the problem of aggregating multicriteria to form an overall decision function. He introduces a type of operator for aggregation called an ordered weighted aggregation (OWA) operator and investigates the properties...

The Sources of Innovation

The Sources of Innovation

Principles of Computerized Tomographic Imaging

Avinash C. Kak, Malcolm Slaney, I Medicine

The Effect of National Culture on the Choice of Entry Mode

Characteristics of national cultures have frequently been claimed to influence the selection of entry modes. This article investigates this claim by developing a theoretical argument for why culture should influence the choice of entry. Two hypotheses...

The protein kinase family: conserved features and deduced phylogeny of the catalytic domains.

In recent years, members of the protein kinase family have been discovered at an accelerated pace. Most were first described, not through the traditional biochemical approach of protein purification and enzyme assay, but as putative protein kinase amino...

Self-organized criticality.

Per Bak, Chao Tang, Kurt Wiesenfeld

Radiobiology for the radiologist

Radiobiology for the radiologist

Ru(II) polypyridine complexes: photophysics, photochemistry, eletrochemistry, and chemiluminescence

Alberto Juris, Vincenzo Balzani, Francesco Barigelletti, Sebastiano Campagna, P. Belser, A. Von Zelewsky

Novel regulators of bone formation: molecular clones and activities

Protein extracts derived from bone can initiate the process that begins with cartilage formation and ends in de novo bone formation. The critical components of this extract, termed bone morphogenetic protein (BMP), that direct cartilage and bone formation...

Apolipoprotein E: cholesterol transport protein with expanding role in cell biology

Apolipoprotein E is a plasma protein that serves as a ligand for low density lipoprotein receptors and, through its interaction with these receptors, participates in the transport of cholesterol and other lipids among various cells of the body. A mutant...

Possessions and the Extended Self

Our possessions are a major contributor to and reflection of our identities. A variety of evidence is presented supporting this simple and compelling premise. Related streams of research are identified and drawn upon in developing this concept and implications...

Outside directors and CEO turnover

This paper examines the relation between the monitoring of CEOs by inside and outside directors and CEO resignations. CEO resignations are predicted using stock returns and earnings changes as measures of prior performance. There is a stronger association...

The Dynamic Effects of Aggregate Demand and Supply Disturbances

We interpret fluctuations in GNP and unemployment as due to two types of disturbances: disturbances that have a permanent effect on output and disturbances that do not. We interpret the first as supply disturbances, the second as demand disturbances....

Fractals everywhere

Focusing on how fractal geometry can be used to model real objects in the physical world, this up-to-date edition featurestwo 16-page full-color inserts, problems and tools emphasizing fractal applications, and an answers section. A bonus CD of an IFS...

A sharper Bonferroni procedure for multiple tests of significance

SUMMARY A simple procedure for multiple tests of significance based on individual p-values is derived. This simple procedure is sharper than Holm's (1979) sequentially rejective procedure. Both procedures contrast the ordered p-values with the same set...

Navier-Stokes equations

P. Constantin, Ciprian Foias

A spiral model of software development and enhancement

A short description is given of software process models and the issues they address. An outline is given of the process steps involved in the spiral model, an evolving risk-driven approach that provides a framework for guiding the software process, and...

The Eclectic Paradigm of International Production: A Restatement and Some Possible Extensions

This article reviews some of the criticisms directed towards the eclectic paradigm of international production over the past decade, and restates its main tenets. The second part of the article considers a number of possible extensions of the paradigm...

Development of NASA-TLX (Task Load Index): Results of Empirical and Theoretical Research

The results of a multi-year research program to identify the factors associated with variations in subjective workload within and between different types of tasks are reviewed. Subjective evaluations of 10 workload-related factors were obtained from 16...

Joint ventures: Theoretical and empirical perspectives

This paper compares the perspectives of transaction costs and strategic behavior in explaining the motivation to joint venture. In addition, a theory of joint ventures as an instrument of organizational learning is proposed and developed. Existing studies...

The Determinants of Capital Structure Choice

This paper analyzes the explanatory power of some recent theories of optimal capital structure. The study extends empirical work on capital-structure theory in three ways. First, it examines a broader set of capital-structure theories, many of which have...

Learning to Predict by the Methods of Temporal Differences

This article introduces a class of incremental learning procedures specialized for prediction – that is, for using past experience with an incompletely known system to predict its future behavior. Whereas conventional prediction-learning methods assign...

The psychology of everyday things

"Product Description : Even the smartest among us can feel inept as we fail to figure our which light switch or oven burner to turn on, or whether to push, pull, or slide a door. The fault, argues this fascinating, ingenious—even liberating—book, lies...

Generating optimal topologies in structural design using a homogenization method

Optimal shape design of structural elements based on boundary variations results in final designs that are topologically equivalent to the initial choice of design, and general, stable computational schemes for this approach often require some kind of...

Normal keratinization in a spontaneously immortalized aneuploid human keratinocyte cell line.

Petra Boukamp, Petrussevska Rt, Dirk Breitkreutz, Jean-Pierre Hornung, A F Markham, Norbert E. Fusenig

Spin Glass Theory and Beyond

Marc Mezard, Giorgio Parisi, M. A. Virasoro, D J Thouless

Theoretical Stress-Strain Model for Confined Concrete

A stress‐strain model is developed for concrete subjected to uniaxial compressive loading and confined by transverse reinforcement. The concrete section may contain any general type of confining steel: either spiral or circular hoops; or rectangular...

New yeast-Escherichia coli shuttle vectors constructed with in vitro mutagenized yeast genes lacking six-base pair restriction sites

We describe the production of new alleles of the LEU 2 URA 3 and TRP 1 genes of Saccharomyces cerevisiae by in vitro mutagenesis. Each new allele, which lacks restriction enzyme recognition sequences found in the pUC19 multicloning site, was used...

Feasibility of Drug Screening with Panels of Human Tumor Cell Lines Using a Microculture Tetrazolium Assay

For the past 30 years strategies for the prcclinical discovery and development of potential anticancer agents have been based largely upon the testing of agents in mice bearing transplantable leukemias and solid tumors derived from a limited number of...

Cognitive Load During Problem Solving: Effects on Learning

Considerable evidence indicates that domain specific knowledge in the form of schemes is the primary factor distinguishing experts from novices in problemsolving skill. Evidence that conventional problem-solving activity is not effective in schema acquisition...

A user's guide to the General Health Questionnaire

David Goldberg, Williams, Paul, D.P.M

An Ecological Perspective on Health Promotion Programs

During the past 20 years there has been a dramatic increase in societal interest in preventing disability and death in the United States by changing individual behaviors linked to the risk of contracting chronic diseases. This renewed interest in health...

Routing of multipoint connections

The author addresses the problem of routing connections in a large-scale packet-switched network supporting multipoint communications. He gives a formal definition of several versions of the multipoint problem, including both static and dynamic versions....

A case for redundant arrays of inexpensive disks (RAID)

Increasing performance of CPUs and memories will be squandered if not matched by a similar performance increase in I/O. While the capacity of Single Large Expensive Disks (SLED) has grown rapidly, the performance improvement of SLED has been modest. Redundant...

Why Does Stock Market Volatility Change Over Time

This paper analyzes the relation of stock volatility with real and nominal macroeconomic volatility, financial leverage, stock trading activity, default risk, and firm profitability using monthly data from 1857-1986. An important fact, previously noted...

Connectionism and cognitive architecture: a critical analysis

This paper explores differences between Connectionist proposals for cognitive architecture and the sorts of models that have traditionally been assumed in cognitive science. We claim that the major distinction is that, while both Connectionist and Classical...

A Theory of Rational Addiction

We develop a theory of rational addiction in which rationality means a consistent plan to maximize utility over time. Strong addiction to a good requires a big effect of past consumption of the good on current consumption. Such powerful complementarities...

First Mover Advantages

Marvin B. Lieberman, David R. Montgomery

An efficient internally contracted multiconfiguration–reference configuration interaction method

A new internally contracted direct multiconfiguration–reference configuration interaction (MRCI) method is described which allows the use of much larger reference spaces than any previous MRCI method. The configurations with two electrons in the external...

Pragmatics of measuring recognition memory : applications to dementia and amnesia

SUMMARY This article has two purposes. The first is to describe four theoretical models of yesno recognition memory and present their associated measures of discrimination and response bias. These models are then applied to a set of data from normal subjects...

The leucine zipper: a hypothetical structure common to a new class of DNA binding proteins

A 30-amino-acid segment of C/EBP, a newly discovered enhancer binding protein, shares notable sequence similarity with a segment of the cellular Myc transforming protein. Display of these respective amino acid sequences on an idealized alpha helix revealed...

Chemical differentiation of the Earth: the relationship between mantle, continental crust, and oceanic crust

The average chemical compositions of the continental crust and the oceanic crust (represented by MORB), normalized to primitive mantle values and plotted as functions of the apparent bulk partition coefficient of each element, form surprisingly simple,...

Display of surfaces from volume data

The application of volume-rendering techniques to the display of surfaces from sampled scalar functions of three spatial dimensions is discussed. It is not necessary to fit geometric primitives to the sampled data; images are formed by directly shading...

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