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Publications in 1984

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Distinction : a social critique of the judgement of taste

We publish here the main part of Bourdieu text, which comprises of the fragments of his famous book “Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste” (D. Gruski is responsible for the pages for choice).

Clinical diagnosis of Alzheimer's disease Report of the NINCDS‐ADRDA Work Group* under the auspices of Department of Health and Human Services Task Force on Alzheimer's Disease

Alzheimer’s disease is a brain disorder characterized by a progressive dementia that occurs in middle or late life. The pathologic characteristics are degeneration of specific nerve cells, presence of neuritic plaques, and neurofibrillary tangles. Alterations...

A resource‐based view of the firm

Summary The paper explores the usefulness of analysing firms from the resource side rather than from the product side. In analogy to entry barriers and growth-share matrices, the concepts of resource position barrier and resource-product matrices are...

Molecular dynamics with coupling to an external bath

In molecular dynamics (MD) simulations the need often arises to maintain such parameters as temperature or pressure rather than energy and volume, or to impose gradients for studying transport properties in nonequilibrium MD. A method is described to...

Stochastic Relaxation, Gibbs Distributions, and the Bayesian Restoration of Images

We make an analogy between images and statistical mechanics systems. Pixel gray levels and the presence and orientation of edges are viewed as states of atoms or molecules in a lattice-like physical system. The assignment of an energy function in the...

A comprehensive set of sequence analysis programs for the VAX

John Devereux, Paul Haeberli, Oliver Smithies

Corporate Financing and Investment Decisions When Firms Have Informationthat Investors Do Not Have

This paper considers a firm that must issue common stock to raise cash to undertake a valuable investment opportunity. Management is assumed to know more about the firm's value than potential investors. Investors interpret the firm's actions rationally....

The second industrial divide : possibilities for prosperity

Two MacArthur Prize Fellows argue that to get out of its current economic crisis industry should abandon its attachment to standardized mass production for a system of flexible specialization

SOME MODELS FOR ESTIMATING TECHNICAL AND SCALE INEFFICIENCIES IN DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS

In management contexts, mathematical programming is usually used to evaluate a collection of possible alternative courses of action en route to selecting one which is best. In this capacity, mathematical programming serves as a planning aid to management....

Financial Intermediation and Delegated Monitoring

This paper develops a theory of financial intermediation based on minimizing the cost of monitoring information which is useful for resolving incentive problems between borrowers and lenders. It presents a characterization of the costs of providing incentives...

A unified formulation of the constant temperature molecular dynamics methods

Three recently proposed constant temperature molecular dynamics methods by: (i) Nose (Mol. Phys., to be published); (ii) Hoover e t a l. [Phys. Rev. Lett. 4 8, 1818 (1982)], and Evans and Morriss [Chem. Phys. 7 7, 63 (1983)]; and (iii) Haile and Gupta...

The practice of everyday life

Michel de Certeau, Steven Rendall

The role of protein kinase C in cell surface signal transduction and tumour promotion.

The role of protein kinase C in cell surface signal transduction and tumour promotion.

Trace elements in soils and plants

Alina Kabata-Pendias, Henryk Pendias

Statistical procedures for agricultural research

K. A. Gomez, A. A. Gomez, A.J. López Montes

R-trees: a dynamic index structure for spatial searching

In order to handle spatial data efficiently, as required in computer aided design and geo-data applications, a database system needs an index mechanism that will help it retrieve data items quickly according to their spatial locations However, traditional...

The postmodern condition : a report on knowledge

Jean-Francois Lyotard, Geoffrey Bennington, Brian Massumi, Fredric Jameson

Structural Inertia and Organizational Change

Theory and research on organization-environment relations from a population ecology perspective have been based on the assumption that inertial pressures on structure are strong. This paper attempts to clarify the meaning of structural inertia and to...

Petroleum formation and occurrence

Bernard P. Tissot, Dietrich H. Welte

Choices, Values, and Frames

We discuss the cognitive and the psy- chophysical determinants of choice in risky and risk- less contexts. The psychophysics of value induce risk aversion in the domain of gains and risk seeking in the domain of losses. The psychophysics of chance induce...

Communication in the presence of noise

A method is developed for representing any communication system geometrically. Messages and the corresponding signals are points in two "function spaces," and the modulation process is a mapping of one space into the other. Using this representation,...

Self-consistent molecular orbital methods 25. Supplementary functions for Gaussian basis sets

Standard sets of supplementary diffuse s and p functions, multiple polarization functions (double and triple sets of d functions), and higher angular momentumpolarization functions (f functions) are defined for use with the 6‐31G and 6‐311G basis...

Qualitative data analysis: a sourcebook of new methods

Linda S. Lotto, Matthew B. Miles, A. Michael Huberman

The invention of tradition

E. J. (Eric J.) Hobsbawm, Terence Ranger

Developments of a water-maze procedure for studying spatial learning in the rat.

Developments of an open-field water-maze procedure in which rats learn to escape from opaque water onto a hidden platform are described. These include a procedure (A) for automatically tracking the spatial location of a hooded rat without the use of attached...

A class of decomposable poverty measures

James E. Foster, Joel W. Greer, Erik Thorbecke

Trace Element Discrimination Diagrams for the Tectonic Interpretation of Granitic Rocks

Granites may be subdivided according to their intrusive settings into four main groups—ocean ridge granites (ORG), volcanic arc granites (VAG), within plate granites (WPG) and collision granites (COLG)—and the granites within each group may be further...

The nature and properties of soils

N. C. Brady, Ray R. Weil

UNIDENTIFIED CURVED BACILLI IN THE STOMACH OF PATIENTS WITH GASTRITIS AND PEPTIC ULCERATION

Biopsy specimens were taken from intact areas of antral mucosa in 100 consecutive consenting patients presenting for gastroscopy. Spiral or curved bacilli were demonstrated in specimens from 58 patients. Bacilli cultured from 11 of these biopsies were...

A new polynomial-time algorithm for linear programming

We present a new polynomial-time algorithm for linear programming. The running-time of this algorithm is O ( n 3-5 L 2 ), as compared to O ( n 6 L 2 ) for the ellipsoid algorithm. We prove that given a polytope P and a strictly interior point...

A new force field for molecular mechanical simulation of nucleic acids and proteins

Peter A. Kollman, David A. Case, U. C. Singh, Caterina Ghio, Giuliano Alagona

Practical cone-beam algorithm

A convolution-backprojection formula is deduced for direct reconstruction of a three-dimensional density function from a set of two-dimensional projections. The formula is approximate but has useful properties, including errors that are relatively small...

Electronic properties of doped semiconductors

B. I. (Boris Isaakovich) Shklovskiĭ, Al. L. Efros

The CD4 (T4) antigen is an essential component of the receptor for the AIDS retrovirus

Angus G. Dalgleish, Peter C. L. Beverley, Paul R. Clapham, Melvyn F. Greaves, Robin A. Weiss

Program Slicing

Program slicing is a method for automatically decomposing programs by analyzing their data flow and control flow. Starting from a subset of a program's behavior, slicing reduces that program to a minimal form which still produces that behavior. The reduced...

Handbook of reading research

Pearson, P. David, Ed.

The determinants of parenting: a process model

This essay is based on the assumption that a long-neglected topic of socialization the determinants of individual differences in parental functioning is illuminated by research on the etiology of child maltreatment. 3 domains of determinants are identified:...

Inositol trisphosphate and diacylglycerol as second messengers.

Inositol trisphosphate and diacylglycerol as second messengers.

Detecting alcoholism. The CAGE questionnaire.

Four clinical interview questions, the CAGE questions, have proved useful in helping to make a diagnosis of alcoholism. The questions focus on Cutting down, Annoyance by criticism, Guilty feeling, and Eye-openers. The acronym "CAGE" helps the physician...

Vector quantization

A vector quantizer is a system for mapping a sequence of continuous or discrete vectors into a digital sequence suitable for communication over or storage in a digital channel. The goal of such a system is data compression: to reduce the bit rate so as...

Negative affectivity: The disposition to experience aversive emotional states

A number of apparently diverse personality scales—variously called trait anxiety, neuroticism, ego strength, general maladjustment, repression-sensitization, and social desirability—are reviewed and are shown to be in fact measures of the same stable...

Cell cycle analysis of a cell proliferation-associated human nuclear antigen defined by the monoclonal antibody Ki-67.

Johannes Gerdes, Hilmar Lemke, H. Baisch, Wacker Hh, Ulrich Schwab, Harald Stein

Unidirectional digestion with exonuclease III creates targeted breakpoints for DNA sequencing

A method is described for the rapid generation and cloning of deletion derivatives well-suited for the sequencing of long stretches of DNA. This method is based on two useful features of exonuclease III: (1) processive digestion at a very uniform rate...

Electron–electron and electron-hole interactions in small semiconductor crystallites: The size dependence of the lowest excited electronic state

We model, in an elementary way, the excited electronic states of semiconductor crystallites sufficiently small (∼50 A diam) that the electronic properties differ from those of bulk materials. In this limit the excited states and ionization processes...

A method for the quantitative recovery of protein in dilute solution in the presence of detergents and lipids

A rapid method based on a defined methanol-chloroform-water mixture for the quantitative precipitation of soluble as well as hydrophobic proteins from dilute solutions (e.g., column chromatography effluents) has been developed. The effectiveness of this...

Toward a Model of Organizations as Interpretation Systems

A comparative model of organizations as interpretation systems is proposed. The model describes four interpretation modes: enacting, discovering, undirected viewing, and conditioned viewing. Each mode is determined by (I) management's beliefs about the...

Computational Fluid mechanics and heat transfer

Dale A. Anderson, John C. Tannehill

After virtue : a study in moral theory

Divulgacao dos SUMARIOS das obras recentemente incorporadas ao acervo da Biblioteca Ministro Oscar Saraiva do STJ. Em respeito a lei de Direitos Autorais, nao disponibilizamos a obra na integra. STJ00089700 17.023 M152a 3.ed. Reimpr. (2008)

Discrete-event system simulation

Jerry Banks, John H. Carson, Barry L. Nelson, D. M. Nicol

Detection, isolation, and continuous production of cytopathic retroviruses (HTLV-III) from patients with AIDS and pre-AIDS

A cell system was developed for the reproducible detection of human T-lymphotropic retroviruses (HTLV family) from patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or with signs or symptoms that frequently precede AIDS (pre-AIDS). The cells...

Strategies for multilocus linkage analysis in humans

Lathrop Gm, Lalouel Jm, Julier C, Jurg Ott

[12] Assays of glutathione peroxidase

To determine glutathione peroxidase reliably, some factors of potential pitfall have to be considered, for example, enzymatic side reactions of substrates (especially when crude tissue samples are assayed), high and variable spontaneous reaction rates...

Bettering operation of Robots by learning

Suguru Arimoto, Sadao Kawamura, Fumio Miyazaki

Heuristics: intelligent search strategies for computer problem solving

Heuristics: intelligent search strategies for computer problem solving

An Introduction to the aquatic insects of North America

Richard W. Merritt, Kenneth W. Cummins

Determination of DNA base composition by reversed‐phase high‐performance liquid chromatography

DNA base composition was determined by reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). DNA was hydrolysed into nucleosides with nuclease P1 and bacterial alkaline phosphatase. The mixture of nucleosides was applied to HPLC without any further...

Achievement Motivation: Conceptions of Ability, Subjective Experience, Task Choice, and Performance

Achievement behavior is denned as behavior directed at developing or demonstrating high rather than low ability. It is shown that ability can be conceived in two ways. First, ability can be judged high or low with reference to the individual's own past...

Reliability evaluation of power systems

Roy Billinton, Ronald N. Allan

Infinite conformal symmetry in two-dimensional quantum field theory

A. A. Belavin, A.M. Polyakov, A.B. Zamolodchikov

Mehlich 3 soil test extractant: A modification of Mehlich 2 extractant

The objectives of this study were to modify the Mehlich 2 (M2) extractant to include Cu among the extractable nutrients, retain or enhance the wide range of soils for which it is suitable and minimize it's corrosive properties. The substitution of nitrate...

Econometric Models for Count Data with an Application to the Patents-R&D Relationship

This paper focuses on developing and adapting statistical models of counts (non-negative integers) in the context of panel data and using them to analyze the relationship between patents and RD persistent individual (fixed or random) effects, and "noise"...

Towards a general theory of action and time

A formalism for reasoning about actions is proposed that is based on a temporal logic. It allows a much wider range of actions to be described than with previous approaches such as the situation calculus. This formalism is then used to characterize the...

Frequent detection and isolation of cytopathic retroviruses (HTLV-III) from patients with AIDS and at risk for AIDS.

Peripheral blood lymphocytes from patients with the acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) or with signs or symptoms that frequently precede AIDS (pre-AIDS) were grown in vitro with added T-cell growth factor and assayed for the expression and release...

An integrated procedure for the extraction of bacterial isoprenoid quinones and polar lipids

David E. Minnikin, Anthony G. O'Donnell, Michael Goodfellow, Grace Alderson, M. Athalye, A. Schaal, J. H. Parlett

The analysis of time series : an introduction

The analysis of time series : an introduction

Speech enhancement using a minimum-mean square error short-time spectral amplitude estimator

This paper focuses on the class of speech enhancement systems which capitalize on the major importance of the short-time spectral amplitude (STSA) of the speech signal in its perception. A system which utilizes a minimum mean-square error (MMSE) STSA...

Ethnography and qualitative design in educational research

Margaret D. LeCompte, Judith Preissle Goetz

Social psychological aspects of computer-mediated communication

Sara Kiesler, Jane Siegel, Timothy W. McGuire

Instantaneous Reactive Power Compensators Comprising Switching Devices without Energy Storage Components

The conventional reactive power in single-phase or three- phase circuits has been defined on the basis of the average value concept for sinusoidal voltage and current waveforms in steady states. The instantaneous reactive power in three-phase circuits...

The Structure of Images

In practice the relevant details of images exist only over a restricted range of scale. Hence it is important to study the dependence of image structure on the level of resolution. It seems clear enough that visual perception treats images on several...

Debt, Deficits and Finite Horizons

Many issues in macroeconomics, such as the level of the steady state interest rate, or the dynamic effects of government deficit finance, depend crucially on the horizon of economic agents. This paper develops a simple analytical model in which such issues...

Qualitative Process Theory

Objects more, collide, flow, bend, heat up, cool down, stretch, compress, and boil. These and other things that cause changes in objects over time are intuitively characterized as processes. To understand commonsense physical reasoning and make programs...

Decomposition of hardy functions into square integrable wavelets of constant shape

An arbitrary square integrable real-valued function (or, equivalently, the associated Hardy function) can be conveniently analyzed into a suitable family of square integrable wavelets of constant shape, (i.e. obtained by shifts and dilations from any...

Implementing remote procedure calls

Remote procedure calls (RPC) appear to be a useful paradig m for providing communication across a network between programs written in a high-level language. This paper describes a package providing a remote procedure call facility, the options that face...

All optimal Hankel-norm approximations of linear multivariable systems and their L, ∞ -error bounds†

The problem of approximating a multivariable transfer function G(s) of McMillan degree n, by Ĝ(s) of McMillan degree k is considered. A complete characterization of all approximations that minimize the Hankel-norm is derived. The solution involves a...

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