CiteWeb

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Publications in 1981

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Reconstructing reality in the courtroom : justice and judgment in American culture

Charles David Phillips, W. Lance Bennett, Martha S. Feldman

Dose-response characteristics for effects of insulin on production and utilization of glucose in man.

To determine the dose-response characteristics for the effects of insulin on glucose production, glucose utilization, and overall glucose metabolism in normal man, 15 healthy subjects were infused with insulin for 8 h at sequential rates ranging from...

Upper Ocean Response to a Hurricane

The upper ocean response to a moving hurricane is studied using historical air-sea data and a three-dimensional numerical ocean model. Sea surface temperature (SST) response is emphasized. The model has a surface mixed-layer (ML) that entrains according...

Accuracy of cancer death certificates and its effect on cancer mortality statistics.

A study to determine the accuracy of cancer mortality data was done using cancer deaths occurring during 1970 and 1971 in eight of the nine areas included in the Third National Cancer Survey (TNCS). Death certificates with an underlying cause of death...

People's Conceptions of Intelligence.

Barbara E Conway, Jerry L Ketron, Morty Bernstein

Deglycosylation of glycoproteins by trifluoromethanesulfonic acid.

Albert S.B. Edge, Connie R. Faltynek, Liselotte Hof, Leo E. Reichert, Peter Weber

Intra-industry trade in identical commodities

The usual approach to intra-industry trade is to assume such trade arises because slightly different commodities are produced and traded to satisfy consumers' tastes for variety. This paper shows there are reasons to expect two-way trade even in identical...

Yang-Baxter Equation and Representation Theory. 1.

P.P. Kulish, E. K. Sklyanin, N. Yu. Reshetikhin

A self-similar model for sedimentary rocks with application to the dielectric constant of fused glass beads

We develop a theory for dielectric response of water‐saturated rocks based on a realistic model of the pore space. The absence of a percolation threshold manifest in Archie’s law, porecasts, electron‐micrographs, and general theories of formation...

Nuclear chemical engineering

Manson Benedict, Hans Wolfgang Levi

Affinities of amino acid side chains for solvent water

Richard Wolfenden, L. Andersson, Pm Cullis, Christopher Southgate

The relation between forward prices and futures prices

This paper consolidates the results of some recent work on the relation between forward prices and futures prices. It develops a number of propositions characterizing the two prices. These propositions contain several testable implications about the difference...

Intraindustry Specialization and the Gains from Trade

Several recent empirical studies of trade suggest that interindustry specialization and trade, which reflect the conventional forces of comparative advantage, are also accompanied by intraindustry specialization, which reflects scale economies and consumers'...

Sequence specificity of methylation in higher plant DNA

Yosef Gruenbaum, Tally Naveh-Many, Howard Cedar, Aharon Razin

Characterization of bullous pemphigoid antigen: A unique basement membrane protein of stratified squamous epithelia

Bullous pemphigoid (BP) antigen is a normal basement membrane zone antigen of epidermis and other stratified squamous epithelia. It is defined immunologically by antibodies in the sera of patients with the subepidermal blistering disease BP. In this study...

Falls in old age: a study of frequency and related clinical factors.

A. J. Campbell, Reinken J, B. C. Allan, Gonzalo Serrano Martínez

Behavioral depression produced by an uncontrollable stressor: Relationship to norepinephrine, dopamine, and serotonin levels in various regions of rat brain

This paper presents two experiments that continue efforts to determine the neurochemical changes responsible for stress-induced behavioral depression. These expriments measured active motor behavior in a swim tank as well as levels of norepinephrine (NE),...

Stabilizing mechanisms preventing anterior dislocation of the glenohumeral joint.

We investigated the stabilizing mechanism of the glenohumeral joint that prevents anterior dislocation by anatomical dissections of the subscapularis, the shoulder capsule, and the superior, middle, and inferior glenohumeral ligaments in thirty-six shoulders...

Beyond Attribution Theory: Cognitive Processes in Performance Appraisal

Performance appraisal is construed as the outcome of a dual-process system of evaluation and decision making. Attention, categorization, recall, and information integration are carried out via either an automatic or a controlled process. In the automatic...

Non-smoking wives of heavy smokers have a higher risk of lung cancer: a study from Japan.

In a study in 29 health centre districts in Japan 91 540 non-smoking wives aged 40 and above were followed up for 14 years (1966-79), and standardised mortality rates for lung cancer were assessed according to the smoking habits of their husbands. Wives...

Occupational Self-Selection: A Human Capital Approach to Sex Differences in Occupational Structure

A rich and diverse literature exists concerning the distribution of labor incomes. One approach namely that of human capital concentrates on lifetime accumulation paths of "earnings capacity units" (human capital). Individual variations in human capital...

Applications, Basics, and Computing of Exploratory Data Analysis

A print on demand of these books and articles can be obtained from Cornell Business Services (CBS) Digital Services by sending e-mail to digital@cornell.edu or calling 607.255.2524. In the body of the message include the identifier.uri for the book or...

Ecological perspective on water quality goals

The central assumption of nonpoint source pollution control efforts in agricultural watersheds is that traditional erosion control programs are sufficient to insure high quality water resources. We outline the inadequacies of that assumption, especially...

Structure-induced equilibrium and legislative choice

Professor Tullock has raised a central question in the confrontation between abstract models of PMR and majority rule as practiced in real institutions. We believe the decision making stability of real-world legislatures lies in the way these legislatures...

Effects of methylation on a synthetic polynucleotide: the B--Z transition in poly(dG-m5dC).poly(dG-m5dC)

We have compared the behavior in solution of the synthetic polynucleotide poly(dG-m5dC)-poly(dG-m5dC) with that of the unmethylated polynucleotide poly(dG-dC)poly(dG- dC). In solutions containing high concentrations of salt, poly(dG- dC)-poly(dG-dC) is...

An oxygen isotope profile in a section of Cretaceous oceanic crust, Samail Ophiolite, Oman: Evidence for δ18O buffering of the oceans by deep (>5 km) seawater‐hydrothermal circulation at mid‐ocean ridges

Isotopic analyses of 75 samples from the Samail ophiolite indicate that pervasive subsolidus hydrothermal exchange with seawater occurred throughout the upper 75% of this 8-km-thick oceanic crustal section; locally, the H_2O even penetrated down into...

The essential trace elements

Essential trace elements are required by man in amounts ranging from 50 micrograms to 18 milligrams per day. Acting as catalytic or structural components of larger molecules, they have specific functions and are indispensable for life. Research during...

The Programming Language Aspects of ThingLab, a Constraint-Oriented Simulation Laboratory

Key Words and Phrases: constraints, constraint satisfaction, object-oriented languages, inheritance, part-whole hierarchies, Smalltalk, ThingLab CR Categories: 3.69, 4.22, 8.1, 8.2

On the crystallinity, probability of occurrence, and rheology of lava and magma

On the crystallinity, probability of occurrence, and rheology of lava and magma

Dependence graphs and compiler optimizations

Dependence graphs can be used as a vehicle for formulating and implementing compiler optimizations. This paper defines such graphs and discusses two kinds of transformations. The first are simple rewriting transformations that remove dependence arcs....

GRAFTING OF BURNS WITH CULTURED EPITHELIUM PREPARED FROM AUTOLOGOUS EPIDERMAL CELLS

The cells from a small piece of epidermis can be grown into a large number of cultured epithelia. Such epithelia, generated from autologous skin, were grafted onto full-thickness burn wounds in two patients. The cultured epithelia acquired an epidermal...

On the Dynamics of Droughts in Northeast Brazil: Observations, Theory and Numerical Experiments with a General Circulation Model

It is proposed that a possible mechanism for the occurrence of severe droughts over northeast Brazil is the establishment of a thermally direct local circulation which has its ascending branch at about 10°N and its descending branch over northeast Brazil...

A model of international asset pricing

Describes the construction of an intertemporal model of international asset pricing. Admission of differences in consumption opportunity sets across countries; Description of how the real expected excess return on a risky asset is proportional to the...

Analysis of data from the analytical ultracentrifuge by nonlinear least-squares techniques.

Michael L. Johnson, Correia Jj, David A. Yphantis, Halvorson Hr

Complement activation during cardiopulmonary bypass: evidence for generation of C3a and C5a anaphylatoxins.

Dennis E. Chenoweth, Steven W. Cooper, Robert W. Stewart, Eugene H. Blackstone, John W. Kirklin

New aspects of turbulent boundary-layer structure

M. R. Head, Probir K. Bandyopadhyay

A theoretical analysis of the properties of median filters

Necessary and sufficient conditions for a signal to be invariant under a specific form of median filtering are derived. These conditions state that a signal must be locally monotone to pass through a median filter unchanged. It is proven that the form...

A critical review of Henry’s law constants for chemicals of environmental interest

The Henry’s law constants (air‐water partition coefficients) of hydrophobicorganic compounds of environmental concern are reviewed. An outline of the thermodynamic principles which govern the relationships between vapor pressure,solubility and Henry’s...

Variational Iterative Methods for Nonsymmetric Systems of Linear Equations.

We consider a class of iterative algorithms for solving systems of linear equations where the coefficient matrix is nonsymmetric with positive-definite symmetric part. The algorithms are modelled after the conjugate gradient method, and are well suited...

The Jackknife Estimate of Variance

Bradley Efron, Charles Stein

Nonenzymatic browning in vivo: possible process for aging of long-lived proteins

The incubation of lens proteins with reducing sugars leads to the formation of fluorescent yellow pigments and cross-like similar to those reported in aging and cataractous human lenses. Called nonenzymatic browning or the Maillard reaction, this aging...

Automatic Planning of Manipulator Transfer Movements

The class of problems that involve finding where to place or how to move a solid object in the presence of obstacles is discussed. The solution to this class of problems is essential to the automatic planning of manipulator transfer movements, i.e., the...

Impaired left ventricular diastolic filling in patients with coronary artery disease: assessment with radionuclide angiography.

Robert O. Bonow, Stephen L. Bacharach, Michael V. Green, Kenneth M. Kent, Douglas R. Rosing, Lewis C. Lipson, Martin B. Leon, Stephen E. Epstein

Sensory Specific Satiety in Man

To investigate the specificity of satiety in man, subjects ( n =32) rated the pleasantness of the taste of eight foods, were then given one of the foods to eat for lunch, and re-rated the pleasantness of the taste of the eight foods 2 and 20 min after...

Primary fibromyalgia (Fibrositis) : clinical study of 50 patients with matched normal controls

Detailed clinical study of 50 patients with primary fibromyalgia and 50 normal matched controls has shown a characteristic syndrome. Primary fibromyalgia patients are usually females, aged 25–40 yr, who complain of diffuse musculoskeletal aches, pains...

Peak horizontal acceleration and velocity from strong-motion records including records from the 1979 imperial valley, California, earthquake

We have taken advantage of the recent increase in strong-motion data at close distances to derive new attenuation relations for peak horizontal acceleration and velocity. This new analysis uses a magnitude-independent shape, based on geometrical spreading...

Potentials of surfaces in space

In the last decade, large electrostatic potentials of the order of tens of kV have been measured on spacecraft in the Earth's magnetosphere. Observations in space have led to the inference of large potentials on natural objects in the Solar System. The...

Transport of energy in muscle: the phosphorylcreatine shuttle

In order to explain the insulin-like effect of exercise, it was proposed in 1951 that contracting muscle fibers liberate creatine, which acts to produce an acceptor effect--later called respiratory control--on the muscle mitochondria. The development...

Central noradrenergic pathways for the integration of hypothalamic neuroendocrine and autonomic responses

Immunohistochemical and axonal transport methods were used to describe the organization of a series of central noradrenergic pathways that interrelate the nucleus of the solitary tract, which receives primary visceral sensory information, and the paraventricular...

On the Mapping Problem

In array processors it is important to map problem modules onto processors such that modules that communicate with each other lie, as far as possible, on adjacent processors. This mapping problem is formulated in graph theoretic terms and shown to be...

Foraging Efficiency and Body Size: A Study of Optimal Diet and Habitat Use by Bluegills

A foraging model was developed to predict the optimal diet breadth and maximum energetic intake of a given—sized fish foraging in each of three aquatic habitats: the open water, vegetation, and bare sediments. Model parameters of prey encounter rates...

In vitro splicing of the ribosomal RNA precursor of Tetrahymena: involvement of a guanosine nucleotide in the excision of the intervening sequence.

Summary In previous studies of transcription and splicing of the ribosomal RNA precursor in isolated Tetrahymena nuclei, we found that the intervening sequence (IVS) was excised as a unique linear RNA molecule and was subsequently cyclized. In the present...

STABILITY OF SEMI-ARID SAVANNA GRAZING SYSTEMS

SUMMARY (2) The model is based on Walter's two layer hypothesis. Woody vegetation and grasses compete for water in the surface layers of the soil, but woody vegetation has exclusive access to a source of water relatively deep underground. Where there...

Complement reducible graphs

In this paper we study the family of graphs which can be reduced to single vertices by recursively complementing all connected subgraphs. It is shown that these graphs can be uniquely represented by a tree where the leaves of the tree correspond to the...

Self-Efficacy and Relapse in Smoking Cessation Programs

The utility and validity of Bandura's self-efficacy theory and Marlatt's theoretical model of relapse were evaluated in a study of 78 cigarette smokers from two different cessation programs. Pretreatment, posttreatment, and follow-up assessments of smoking...

Model for laser Doppler measurements of blood flow in tissue.

A theory is developed which relates quasi-elastic light scattering measurements to blood flow in tissue microvasculature. We assume that the tissue matrix surrounding the blood cells is a strong diffuser of light and that moving erythrocytes, therefore,...

Hydrodesulfurization catalysis by transition metal sulfides

The primary effect in the hydrodesulfurization of dibenzothiophene by transition metal sulfides is “electronic,” i.e., it is related to the position the metal occupies in the periodic table. This effect, which determines the ability of the transition...

The NP-Completeness of Edge-Coloring

We show that it is NP-complete to determine the chromatic index of an arbitrary graph. The problem remains NP-complete even for cubic graphs.

The Cornell program synthesizer: a syntax-directed programming environment

Programs are not text; they are hierarchical compositions of computational structures and should be edited, executed, and debugged in an environment that consistently acknowledges and reinforces this viewpoint. The Cornell Program Synthesizer demands...

IRON AND THE SEX DIFFERENCE IN HEART DISEASE RISK

Premenopausal women in affluent societies are protected from heart diseases which kill large numbers of men. The basis for this sex difference and the loss of protection with menopause is unknown. The hypothesis offered is that the greater incidence of...

The role of the right hippocampus in the recall of spatial location

Patients with left or right temporal lobectomies, the amnesic patient H.M. with bilateral mesial temporal-lobe damage, and normal control subjects were tested on the incidental recall of objects and their location, both immediately and after a delay....

Toward reform of program evaluation

D. Bob Gowin, Lee J. Cronbach, Sueann R. Ambron, Sanford M. Dornbusch, Robert D. Hess, Robert C. Hornik, Phillips D, D. F. Walker, Stanley Weiner

Characterization and measurement of dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate in rat brain

C. Corpéchot, Paul Robel, Magnus Axelson, Jan Sjövall, Etienne-Emile Baulieu

Flow of information in the light-triggered cyclic nucleotide cascade of vision.

Bernard Kwok-Keung Fung, James B. Hurley, Lubert Stryer

Complications of angiography.

This study was designed to assess the complications of angiography, including transfemoral, transaxillary, and translumbar approaches. Detailed questionnaires were completed by radiologists at 514 of the 2,066 hospitals surveyed. The radiologists reported...

Bad blood : the Tuskegee syphilis experiment

An account of the experiment conducted by the U.S. Public Health Service describes how medical treatment was withheld from Black sharecroppers infected with syphilis

Coping with crime : individual and neighborhood reactions

Jackson Toby, Wesley G. Skogan, Michael G. Maxfield

Thrust Loads and Foreland Basin Evolution, Cretaceous, Western United States

Two-dimensional modeling of loading during the for­ mation of the Idaho-Wyoming thrust belt shows that regional isostatic compensation by flexure of an elastic lithosphere is sufficient to control the formation of a foreland basin. The flexural rigidity...

The Manufacture of Knowledge

Karin D. Knorr-Cetina

A REVIEW OF WAVE MOTION IN ANISOTROPIC AND CRACKED ELASTIC-MEDIA

Recent developments in the theory and calculation of wave propagation in anisotropic media have been published in the geophysical literature and refer specifically to seismological applications. Anisotropic phenomena are comparatively common, and it is...

A Modern Course in Aeroelasticity

Earl H. Dowell, Robert H. Scanlan, Fernando Sisto, H. C. Curtiss, H. Saunders

Sex ratio evolution in a variable environment

R.L. Los-Den Hartogh, W. T. Jones, J. Van Den Assem

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