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Publications in 1981

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Displacement Measurement and Its Application in Interframe Image Coding

A new technique for estimating interframe displacement of small blocks with minimum mean square error is presented. An efficient algorithm for searching the direction of displacement has been described. The results of applying the technique to two sets...

The economics of justice

The economics of justice

Intertemporal Substitution in Consumption

One of the important determinants of the response of saving and consumption to the real interest rate is the elasticity of intertemporal substitution. That elasticity can be measured by the response of the rate of change of consumption to changes in the...

A system for shotgun DNA sequencing

Joachim Messing, Roberto Crea, Peter H. Seeburg

Open Ocean Momentum Flux Measurements in Moderate to Strong Winds

Measurements of the momentum flux were made by the Reynolds flux and dissipation methods on a deep water stable tower operated by the Bedford Institute of Oceanography, A modified Gill propeller-vane anemometer was used to measure the velocity. Drag coefficients...

Concurrency and Automata on Infinite Sequences

The paper is concerned with ways in which fair concurrency can be modeled using notations for omega-regular languages - languages containing infinite sequences, whose recognizers a.re modified forms of Buchi or Muller-McNaughton automata. There are characterization...

Carbon isotope fractionation in plants

Plants with the C3, C4, and crassulacean acid metabolism (CAM) photosynthetic pathways show characteristically different discriminations against 13C during photosynthesis. For each photosynthetic type, no more than slight variations are observed within...

The aging process

Denham Harman

Non-negative Matrices and Markov Chains

This book is a photographic reproduction of the book of the same title published in 1981, for which there has been continuing demand on account of its accessible technical level. Its appearance also helped generate considerable subsequent work on inhomogeneous...

Intertemporal Substitution in Consumption

Does a higher real interest rate induce significant postponement of consumption? According to the theory developed here, this question can be answered by studying the relation between the rate of growth of consumption and expected real interest rates....

The one phonon Raman spectrum in microcrystalline silicon

The red shift and the broadening of the Raman signal from microcrystalline silicon films is described in terms of a relaxation in the q-vector selection rule for the excitation of the Raman active optical phonons. The relationship between width and shift...

Projection pursuit regression

A new method for nonparametric multiple regression is presented. The procedure models the regression surface as a sum of general smooth functions of linear combinations of the predictor variables in an iterative manner. It is more general than standard...

Theories of learning

Gordon H. Bower, Ernest R. Hilgard

Applied Regression Analysis (2nd ed).

José Ferreira de Carvalho, Norman R. Draper, Harry Smith

Feedback and optimal sensitivity: Model reference transformations, multiplicative seminorms, and approximate inverses

In this paper, the problem of sensitivity, reduction by feedback is formulated as an optimization problem and separated from the problem of stabilization. Stable feedback schemes obtainable from a given plant are parameterized. Salient properties of sensitivity...

Toward a Theory of Intrinsically Motivating Instruction

Toward a Theory of Intrinsically Motivating Instruction

Multivariable feedback design: Concepts for a classical/modern synthesis

This paper presents a practical design perspective on multivariable feedback control problems. It reviews the basic issue-feedback design in the face of uncertainties-and generalizes known single-input, single-output (SISO) statements and constraints...

Deoxynucleoside phosphoramidites—A new class of key intermediates for deoxypolynucleotide synthesis

The development of a new class of nucleoside phosphites is described. These compounds are stable to normal laboratory conditions, are activated by mild acid treatment, and are observed to react essentially quantitatively with protected nucleosides.

tRNA punctuation model of RNA processing in human mitochondria

Deanna Ojala, Julio Montoya, Giuseppe Attardi

SV40-transformed simian cells support the replication of early SV40 mutants.

CV-1, an established line of simian cells permissive for lytic growth of SV40, were transformed by an origin-defective mutant of SV40 which codes for wild-type T antigen. Three transformed lines (COS-1, -3, -7) were established and found to contain T...

Inheritance of Alcohol Abuse: Cross-Fostering Analysis of Adopted Men

C. Robert Cloninger, Michael Bohman, Sören Sigvardsson

Sexual differentiation of the central nervous system

Sexual differentiation of reproductive and behavior patterns is largely effected by hormones produced by the gonads. In many higher vertebrates, an integral part of this process is the induction of permanent and essentially irreversible sex differences...

Axonal elongation into peripheral nervous system "bridges" after central nervous system injury in adult rats

The origin, termination, and length of axonal growth after focal central nervous system injury was examined in adult rats by means of a new experimental model. When peripheral nerve segments were used as "bridges" between the medulla and spinal cord,...

A gas-liquid solid phase peptide and protein sequenator.

A new miniaturized protein and peptide sequenator has been constructed which uses gas phase reagents at the coupling and cleavage steps of the Edman degradation. The sample is embedded in a matrix of Polybrene dried onto a porous glass fiber disc located...

Surfaces generated by moving least squares methods

Peter Lancaster, Kestutis Salkauskas

Gene organization and primary structure of a ribosomal RNA operon from Escherichia coli

Jürgen Brosius, Thomas J. Dull, Donald D. Sleeter, Harry F. Noller

SEVERAL TESTS FOR MODEL SPECIFICATION IN THE PRESENCE OF ALTERNATIVE HYPOTHESES

Several procedures are proposed for testing the specification of an econometric model when one or more models purport to explain the same phenomenon. These procedures are closely related, although not identical, to non-nested hypothesis tests proposed...

Random-matrix physics: spectrum and strength fluctuations

Tomas Brody, J. Flores, J. B. French, P. A. Mello, A. K. Pandey, S.S.M. Wong

A COGNITIVE PROCESS THEOTY OF WRITING

Linda Flower, John R. Hayes

Cubic convolution interpolation for digital image processing

Cubic convolution interpolation is a new technique for resampling discrete data. It has a number of desirable features which make it useful for image processing. The technique can be performed efficiently on a digital computer. The cubic convolution interpolation...

Absorbing Boundary Conditions for the Finite-Difference Approximation of the Time-Domain Electromagnetic-Field Equations

When time-domain electromagnetic-field equations are solved using finite-difference techniques in unbounded space, there must be a method limiting the domain in which the field is computed. This is achieved by truncating the mesh and using absorbing boundary...

Downward Comparison Principles in Social Psychology

The literature of social psychology contains a number of phenomena that appear to be paradoxical. For example, persons who face a threatening experience prefer to affiliate with threatened others rather than with nonthreatened others (Schachter, 1959),...

[1] Preparation of monoclonal antibodies: Strategies and procedures

This chapter discusses the strategies and procedures for the preparation of monoclonal antibodies (McAb). The derivation of permanent lines of hybrid cells, producing McAb, exhibiting certain desired properties, presents widely different degrees of difficulty....

Hyperfiltration in remnant nephrons: a potentially adverse response to renal ablation.

Micropuncture studies were performed in three groups of male Munich-Wistar rats 1 wk after surgery: group I, eight control rats that underwent laparotomy and were fed a normal diet; group II, nine rats that underwent right nephrectomy and segmental infarction...

Quantum Geometry of Bosonic Strings

We develop a formalism for computing sums over random surfaces which arise in all problems containing gauge invariance (like QCD, three-dimensional Ising model etc.). These sums are reduced to the exactly solvable quantum theory of the two-dimensional...

Sequence and gene organization of mouse mitochondrial DNA

The complete sequence of the 16,295 bp mouse L cell mitochondrial DNA genome has been determined. Genes for the 12S and 16S ribosomal RNAs; 22 tRNAs; cytochrome c oxidase subunits I, II and III; ATPase subunit 6; cytochrome b; and eight unidentified proteins...

Valence bond description of antiferromagnetic coupling in transition metal dimers

A single configuration model containing nonorthogonal magnetic orbitals is developed to represent the important features of the antiferromagnetic state of a transition metal dimer. A state of mixed spin symmetry and lowered space symmetry is constructed...

The Political Economy of Benefits and Costs: A Neoclassical Approach to Distributive Politics

This essay offers a rational political explanation for the notorious inefficiency of pork barrel projects with an optimization model of legislative behavior and legislative institutions. The model emphasizes the (economically arbitrary, from a welfare...

Alzheimer disease: Evidence for selective loss of cholinergic neurons in the nucleus basalis

Peter J. Whitehouse, Donald L. Price, Joseph T. Coyle, Mahlon R. DeLong

Why Is There Mandatory Retirement

This paper offers an explanation of the use of mandatory-retirement clauses in labor contracts. It argues that the date of mandatory retirement is chosen to correspond to the date of voluntary retirement, but the nature of the optimal wage profile results...

The ellipsoid method and its consequences in combinatorial optimization

Martin Grötschel, László Lovász, Alexander Schrijver

Comparison of phylogenetic trees

A metric on general phylogenetic trees is presented. This extends the work of most previous authors, who constructed metrics for binary trees. The metric presented in this paper makes possible the comparison of the many nonbinary phylogenetic trees appearing...

An introduction to behavioural ecology

John R. Krebs, N. B. Davies

Categorization of action slips

A slip is the error that occurs when a person does an action that is not intended. In this article I examine several collections of slips, primarily of actions, with the aim of devising a theoretical explication. A theory of action is outlined in which...

Tropospheric chemistry - A global perspective

Jennifer A. Logan, Michael J. Prather, Michael B. McElroy

Planetary-Scale Atmospheric Phenomena Associated with the Southern Oscillation

Atmospheric phenomena associated with the Southern Oscillation are examined, with emphasis on vertical structure and teleconnections to middle latitudes. This paper is specifically concerned with the interannual variability of seasonal means for the Northern...

Designing Research for Application

Two distinct types of generalizability are identified in consumer research. One entails the application of specific effects, whereas the other entails the application of general scientific theory. Effects application and theory application rest on different...

Personal Involvement as a Determinant of Argument-Based Persuasion

Richard E. Petty, John T. Cacioppo, Rachel Goldman

Search of Associative Memory.

Jeroen G. W. Raaijmakers, Richard M. Shiffrin

Relation between conductivity and transmission matrix

The dc conductance 1 of a finite system with static disorder is related to its transmission matrix t by the simple relation 1 = (e /2nt) Tr(t t). This relation is derived from the Kubo formula and is valid for any number of scattering channels with or...

Determination of ozone in water by the indigo method

The concentration of aqueous ozone can best be determined by the decolorization of indigo trisulfonate (600 nm, pH below 4) whenever the ozone cannot be measured directly by its u.v. absorption. The method is stoichiometric and extremely fast. The change...

Selective antagonists of benzodiazepines

Hunkeler W, H. Möhler, L. Pieri, Petar Polc, E.P. Bonetti, R. Cumin, Schaffner R, Haefely W

Reactivity of a monoclonal antibody with human ovarian carcinoma.

Bast Rc, Margaret E. Feeney, Herbert Lazarus, Lee M. Nadler, Robert C. Knapp

The Psychology of Social Impact

The author proposes a theory of social im- pact specifying the effect of other persons on an in- dividual. According to the theory, when other people are the source of impact and the individual is the target, impact should be a multiplicative function...

The importance of phase in signals

In the Fourier representation of signals, spectral magnitude and phase tend to play different roles and in some situations many of the important features of a signal are preserved if only the phase is retained. Furthermore, under a variety of conditions,...

A new prognostic classification of chronic lymphocytic leukemia derived from a multivariate survival analysis.

Binet Jl, Dighiero G, Chastang C, Piguet H, Goasguen J, Vaugier G, Potron G, Colona P, Oberling F, Thomas M, Jacquillat C, Boivin P, Lesty C, Duault Mt, S. Belabbes, Gremy F

Some Asymptotic Theory for the Bootstrap

Peter J. Bickel, David Freedman

Some empirical evidence on dynamic inconsistency

Individual discount rates are estimated from survey evidence. For gains, they are found to vary inversely with the size of the reward and the length of time to be waited. Rates are found to be much smaller for losses that for gains.

The Steady Linear Response of a Spherical Atmosphere to Thermal and Orographic Forcing

Motivated by some results from barotropic models, a linearized steady-state five-layer baroclinic model is used to study the response of a spherical atmosphere to thermal and orographic forcing. At low levels the significant perturbations are confined...

A greatly improved procedure for ruthenium tetroxide catalyzed oxidations of organic compounds

Per H. J. Carlsen, Tsutomu Katsuki, Víctor S. Martín, K. Barry Sharpless

A new achievable rate region for the interference channel

A new achievable rate region for the general interference channel which extends previous results is presented and evaluated. The technique used is a generalization of superposition coding to the multivariable case. A detailed computation for the Gaussian...

Direct Experience And Attitude-Behavior Consistency1

The chapter discusses the role of the manner of attitude formation. It focuses on the development of an attitude through direct behavioral experience with the attitude object and examines whether such attitudes better predict subsequent behavior than...

Job decision latitude, job demands, and cardiovascular disease: a prospective study of Swedish men.

The association between specific job characteristics and subsequent cardiovascular disease was tested using a large random sample of the male working Swedish population. The prospective development of coronary heart disease (CHD) symptoms and signs was...

Can dietary beta-carotene materially reduce human cancer rates?

Richard Peto, Richard Doll, Jonathan D. Buckley, Sporn Mb

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