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Publications in 1974

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A new look at the statistical model identification

The history of the development of statistical hypothesis testing in time series analysis is reviewed briefly and it is pointed out that the hypothesis testing procedure is not adequately defined as the procedure for statistical model identification. The...

Observational Study of Behavior: Sampling Methods

Seven major types of sampling for observational studies of social behavior have been found in the literature. These methods differ considerably in their suitability for providing unbiased data of various kinds. Below is a summary of the major recommended...

The Design and Analysis of Computer Algorithms

From the Publisher:With this text, you gain an understanding of the fundamental concepts of algorithms, the very heart of computer science. It introduces the basic data structures and programming techniques often used in efficient algorithms. Covers use...

A Film Detection Method for Tritium‐Labelled Proteins and Nucleic Acids in Polyacrylamide Gels

A simple method is described for detecting 3H in polyacrylamide gels by scintillation autography (fluorography) using X-ray film. The gel is dehydrated in dimethyl sulphoxide, soaked in a solution of 2,5-diphenyloxazole (PPO) in dimethylsulphoxide, dried...

Assessment of coma and impaired consciousness: a practical scale

A clinical scale has been evolved for assessing the depth and duration of impaired consciousness and coma. Three aspects of behaviour are independently measured—motor responsiveness, verbal performance, and eye opening. These can be evaluated consistently...

ON THE PRICING OF CORPORATE DEBT: THE RISK STRUCTURE OF INTEREST RATES*

Presented at the American Finance Association Meeting, New York, December 1973. (This abstract was borrowed from another version of this item.)

A decimal code for the growth stages of cereals.

J. C. Zadoks, T. T. Chang, C. F. Konzak

Semigroups of linear operators and applications to partial differential equations

Semigroups of linear operators and applications to partial differential equations

The measurement of psychological androgyny.

This article describes the development of a new sex-role inventory that treats masculinity and femininity as two independent dimensions, thereby making it possible to characterize a person as masculine, feminine, or "androgynous" as a function of the...

Are Government Bonds Net Wealth

The assumption that government bonds are perceived as net wealth by the private sector is crucial in demonstrating real effects of shifts in the stock of public debt. In particular, the standard effects of "expansionary" fiscal policy on aggregate demand...

Aims and methods of vegetation ecology

Dieter Mueller-Dombois, H. Ellenberg

Bergey's manual of determinative bacteriology.

Stiles, WalterLeach, William Parodi, Lorenzo Raimundo, Soriano, Alberto, tr., Escriche, B.Ferre, J. González-Cabrera, J. Herrero, S.

Spurious regressions in econometrics

It is very common to see reported in applied econometric literature time series regression equations with an apparently high degree of fit, as measured by the coefficient of multiple correlation R2 or the corrected coefficient R2, but with an extremely...

A Vector Space Model for Automatic Indexing

In a document retieval, or other pattern matching environment where stored entities (documents) are compared with each other, or with incoming patterns (search requests), it appears that the best indexing (property) space is one where each entity lies...

Solving least squares problems

Charles L. Lawson, Richard J. Hanson

An approach to environmental psychology

Albert Mehrabian, James A. Russell

A Highly Sensitive Adenylate Cyclase Assay

A highly sensitive adenylate cyclase assay method has been developed which employs sequential chromatography on columns of Dowex cation exchange resin and aluminum oxide. With the use of [a-“‘PIATP as substrate, this method permits the nearly complete...

Parent-Offspring Conflict

during the period of parental care, and offspring are expected to employ psychological weapons in order to compete with their parents. Detailed data on mother-offspring relations in mammals are consistent with the arguments presented. Conflict in some...

Power : a radical view

In 1974 Steven Lukes published Power: A radical View. Its re-issue in 2005 with the addition of two new essays is much to be welcomed. In this new edition the author reproduces the original text and adds two new chapters in which he clarifies and expands...

Estimating Causal Effects of Treatments in Randomized and Nonrandomized Studies

A discussion of matching, randomization, random sampling, and other methods of controlling extraneous variation is presented. The objective is to specify the benefits of randomization in estimating causal effects of treatments. The basic conclusion is...

Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness: measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years

The fat content of the human body has physiological and medical importance. It may influence morbidity and mortality, it may aIter the effectiveness of drugs and anaesthetics, and it may affect the ability to withstand exposure to cold and starvation....

The measurement of pessimism: The Hopelessness Scale

Aaron T. Beck, Arlene Weissman, David Lester, Larry Trexler

Does Economic Growth Improve the Human Lot? Some Empirical Evidence

This chapter discusses the association of income and happiness. The basic data consist of statements by individuals on their subjective happiness, as reported in thirty surveys from 1946 through 1970, covering nineteen countries, including eleven in Asia,...

The 3′-Terminal Sequence of Escherichia coli 16S Ribosomal RNA: Complementarity to Nonsense Triplets and Ribosome Binding Sites

With a stepwise degradation and terminal labeling procedure the 3′-terminal sequence of E. coli 16S ribosomal RNA is shown to be Pyd-A-C-C-U-C-C-U-U-AOH. It is suggested that this region of the RNA is able to interact with mRNA and that the 3′-terminal...

Raman spectra of pyridine adsorbed at a silver electrode

M. Fleischmann, P. J. Hendra, A.J. McQuillan

MEASUREMENT OF PAIN

Of the various methods for measuring pain the visual analogue scale seems to be the most sensitive. For assessing response to treatment a pain-relief scale has advantages over a pain scale. Pain cannot be said to have been relieved unless pain or pain...

Discrete Cosine Transform

A discrete cosine transform (DCT) is defined and an algorithm to compute it using the fast Fourier transform is developed. It is shown that the discrete cosine transform can be used in the area of digital processing for the purposes of pattern recognition...

Random sets and integral geometry

Random sets and integral geometry

PERIODATE-LYSINE-PARAFORMALDEHYDE FIXATIVE A NEW FIXATIVE FOR IMMUNOELECTRON MICROSCOPY

A new fixative which primarily stabilizes carbohydrate moieties was developed for immunoelectron microscopy. It contains periodate, lysine and paraformaldehyde. Theoretically, the carbohydrates are oxidized by periodate and cross-linked by lysine. The...

Pattern recognition principles

Julius T. Tou, Rafael C. Gonzalez

A Theory of Social Interactions

This essay incorporates a general treatment of social interactions into the modern theory of consumer demand. Section 1 introduces the topic and explores some of the existing perspectives on social interactions and their importance in the basic structure...

The Political Economy of the Rent-Seeking Society

Studies the impact of competitive import licenses on the economy. Value of rents associated with import licenses; Relationship between welfare cost of quantitative restrictions and tariff equivalents; Impact of wage legislation on equilibrium levels of...

Financial Deepening in Economic Development

Hans O. Schmitt, Edward B. Shaw

Prediction of protein conformation.

Peter Y. Chou, Gerald D. Fasman

Clinical manifestations of graft-versus-host disease in human recipients of marrow from HL-A-matched sibling donors

Glucksberg H, Rainer Storb, Fefer A, Buckner Cd, Neiman Pe, Clift Ra, Lerner Kg, Thomas Ed

Advertising as Information

This paper tries to show how the major features of the behavior of advertising can be explained by advertising's information function. For search qualities advertising provides direct information about the characteristics of a brand. For experience qualities...

Deep‐level transient spectroscopy: A new method to characterize traps in semiconductors

A new technique, deep‐level transient spectroscopy (DLTS), is introduced. This is a high‐frequency capacitance transient thermal scanning method useful for observing a wide variety of traps in semiconductors. The technique is capable of displaying...

A New Extended Model of Hadrons

Alan Chodos, K. Johnson, Charles B. Thorn, Victor F. Weisskopf, R.L. Jaffe

Buoyancy effects in fluids

J. S. Turner, Edward R. Benton

The String-to-String Correction Problem

The string-to-string correction problem is to determine the distance between two strings as measured by the minimum cost sequence of “edit operations” needed to change the one string into the other. The edit operations investigated allow changing...

A Theory of Marriage: Part II

I present in this paper the skeleton of a theory of marriage. The two basic assumptions are that each person tries to do as well as possible and that the "marriage market" is in equilibrium. With the aid of several additional simplifying assumptions,...

Toward a theory of automatic information processing in reading

A model of information processing in reading is described in which visual information is transformed through a series of processing stages involving visual, phonological and episodic memory systems until it is finally comprehended in the semantic system....

A Theory of Social Interactions

This essay incorporates a general treatment of social interactions into the modern theory of consumer demand. Section 1 introduces the topic and explores some of the existing perspectives on social interactions and their importance in the basic structure...

Diffusion of ions in sea water and in deep-sea sediments

The tracer-diffusion coefficient of ions in water, Dj0, and in sea water, , differ by no more than zero to 8 per cent. When sea water diffuses into a dilute solution of water, in order to maintain the electro-neutrality, the average diffusion coefficients...

The psychology of animal learning

Winfred F. Hill, N. J. Mackintosh

R Factor Transfer in Rhizobium leguminosarum

SUMMARY: R factors of the compatibility class P were transferred between strains of Escherichia colik12 and Rhizobium leguminosarum. These R factors were stable in R. leguminosarum and conferred similar levels of antibiotic resistance to those in the...

Resource Partitioning in Ecological Communities

To understand resource partitioning, essentially a community phenomenon, we require a holistic theory that draws upon models at the individual and population level. Yet some investigators are still content mainly to document differences between species,...

Theoretical aspects of DNA-protein interactions: Co-operative and non-co-operative binding of large ligands to a one-dimensional homogeneous lattice

The interaction of proteins binding non-specifically to DNA, as well as the properties of many other interacting ligand-lattice systems important in molecular biology, requires a fundamentally different type of theoretical analysis than that provided...

The hitch-hiking effect of a favourable gene

SUMMARY When a selectively favourable gene substitution occurs in a population, changes in gene frequencies will occur at closely linked loci. In the case of a neutral polymorphism, average heterozygosity will be reduced to an extent which varies with...

Rings and categories of modules

This book is intended to provide a self-contained account of much of the theory of rings and modules. The theme of the text throughout is the relationship between the one-sided ideal structure a ring may possess and the behavior of its categories of modules....

Culture Medium for Enterobacteria

A new minimal medium for enterobacteria has been developed. It supports growth of Escherichia coli and Salmonella typhimurium at rates comparable to those of any of the traditional media that have high phosphate concentrations, but each of the macronutrients...

Self-stabilizing systems in spite of distributed control

The synchronization task between loosely coupled cyclic sequential processes (as can be distinguished in, for instance, operating systems) can be viewed as keeping the relation “the system is in a legitimate state” invariant. As a result, each individual...

A uniform geometrical theory of diffraction for an edge in a perfectly conducting surface

A compact dyadic diffraction coefficient for electromagnetic waves obliquely incident on a curved edse formed by perfectly conducting curved ot plane surfaces is obtained. This diffraction coefficient remains valid in the transition regions adjacent to...

Light scattering in planetary atmospheres

This paper reviews scattering theory required for analysis of light reflected by planetary atmospheres. Section 1 defines the radiative quantities which are observed. Section 2 demonstrates the dependence of single-scattered radiation on the physical...

Approximation algorithms for combinatorial problems

Simple, polynomial-time, heuristic algorithms for finding approximate solutions to various polynomial complete optimization problems are analyzed with respect to their worst case behavior, measured by the ratio of the worst solution value that can be...

A Hierarchy of Turbulence Closure Models for Planetary Boundary Layers

Turbulence models centered on hypotheses by Rotta and Kolmogoroff are complex. In the present paper we consider systematic simplifications based on the observation that parameters governing the degree of anisotropy are small. Hopefully, we shall discern...

Labor and Monopoly Capital

This book first took shape in my mind as little more than a study of occupational shifts in the United States. I was interested in the structure of the working class, and the manner in which it had changed. That portion of the population employed in manufacturing...

Linear Optimal Control Systems

Huibert Kwakernaak, Raphael Sivan, Bjor N D. Tyreus

Reexamination of the Perfectness Concept for Equilibrium Points in Extensive Games

The concept of a perfect equilibrium point has been introduced in order to exclude the possibility that disequilibrium behavior is prescribed on unreached subgames. (Selten 1965 and 1973). Unfortunately this definition of perfectness does not remove all...

Theories of Economic Regulation

A major challenge to social theory is to explain the pattern of government intervention in the market - what we may call "economic regulation." Properly defined, the term refers to taxes and subsidies of all sorts as well as to explicit legislative and...

Application of fuzzy algorithms for control of simple dynamic plant

The paper describes a scheme in which a fuzzy algorithm is used to control plant, in this case, a laboratory-built steam engine. The algorithm is implemented as an interpreter of a set of rules expressed as fuzzy conditional statements. This implementation...

Corrections -Conformational Parameters for Amino Acids in Helical, β-Sheet , and Random Coil Regions Calculated from Proteins

The helix, s Applequist, 1963) in which the Zimm-Bragg parameters u and s are defined respectively as the cooperativity factor for helix initiation, and the equi- librium constant for converting a coil residue to a helical ~~~~

Cadmium in the environment.

Lars Friberg, Magnus Piscator, Gunnar F. Nordberg, Tord Kjellström

EDF Statistics for Goodness of Fit and Some Comparisons

This article offers a practical guide to goodness-of-fit tests using statistics based on the empirical distribution function (EDF). Five of the leading statistics are examined—those often labelled D, W 2, V, U 2, A 2—and three important situations:...

Controlled Sedation with Alphaxalone-Alphadolone

Alphaxalone-alphadolone (Althesin), diluted and administered as a controlled infusion, was used as a sedative for 30 patients in an intensive therapy unit. This technique allowed rapid and accurate control of the level of sedation. It had three particularly...

Design of ion-implanted MOSFET's with very small physical dimensions

This paper considers the design, fabrication, and characterization of very small Mosfet switching devices suitable for digital integrated circuits, using dimensions of the order of 1 /spl mu/. Scaling relationships are presented which show how a conventional...

The post-stroke hemiplegic patient. 1. a method for evaluation of physical performance.

I Anna S Olsson, Jääskö L, Leyman Ia, S Steglind, A Fügl

Determination of REE, Ba, Fe, Mg, Na and K in carbonaceous and ordinary chondrites

Precise determination of REE and Ba abundances in three carbonaceous (Orgueil Cl, Murchison C2 and Allende C3) and seven olivine-bronzite chondrites were carried out by mass spectrometric isotope dilution technique. Replicate analyses of standard rock...

PEROXIDASE-LABELED ANTIBODY A NEW METHOD OF CONJUGATION'

A new method of conjugating horseradish peroxidase with proteins was developed. The carbohydrate moiety of fluorodinitrobenzene-blocked peroxidase was oxidized with so- dium periodate to form aldehyde groups. The peroxidase-aldehyde was then bound to...

Monitors: an operating system structuring concept

This paper develops Brinch-Hansen's concept of a monitor as a method of structuring an operating system. It introduces a form of synchronization, describes a possible method of implementation in terms of semaphores and gives a suitable proof rule. Illustrative...

Carbon dioxide in water and seawater : the solubility of a non-ideal gas

Carbon dioxide in water and seawater : the solubility of a non-ideal gas

Ribonucleic acid isolated by cesium chloride centrifugation.

Vladimir Glišin, Radomir Crkvenjakov, Craig V. Byus

The genetics of human populations.

Cavalli-Sforza Ll, Walter F. Bodmer

The Infrared Spectra of Minerals

The principal concern of this book is the use of vibrational spectroscopy as a tool in identifying mineral species and in deriving information concerning the structure, composition and reactions of minerals and mineral products. This does not mean that...

Social Costs of Monopoly and Regulation

When an industry is monopolized, price rises above and output falls below the competitive level. Those who continue to buy the product at the higher price suffer a loss, but this loss is exactly offset by the additional revenue that the monopolist obtains...

Determination of Carbonate and Organic Matter in Calcareous Sediments and Sedimentary Rocks by Loss on Ignition: Comparison With Other Methods

A modified ignition loss method is described for determining organic and carbonate carbon in calcareous sedimentary materials using equipment found in most laboratories. The method has been found to equal or excel the accuracy and precision of other methods...

Amino Acid Difference Formula to Help Explain Protein Evolution

A formula for diference between amino acids combines properties that correlate best with protein residue substitution frequencies: composition, polarity, and molecular volume. Substitution frequencies agree much better with overall chemical difference...

Single tone parameter estimation from discrete-time observations

Estimation of the parameters of a single-frequency complex tone from a finite number of noisy discrete-time observations is discussed. The appropriate Cramer-Rao bounds and maximum-likelihood (MI.) estimation algorithms are derived. Some properties of...

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