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Electronic data interchange and small organizations: adoption and impact of technology

Many EDI researchers and practitioners have recognized the importance of high penetration levels for the success of EDI. Unfortunately, such penetration is partly impeded by the resistance of small companies to become EDI capable. To investigate this...

Aircraft control and simulation

Brian L. Stevens, Frank L. Lewis

Polymer solar cells with enhanced open-circuit voltage and efficiency

Hsiang-Yu Chen, Jianhui Hou, Shaoqing Zhang, Yongye Liang, Guanwen Yang, Yang Ym, Luping Yu, Yue Wu, Gang Li

Role of computerized physician order entry systems in facilitating medication errors.

Ross Koppel, Joshua P. Metlay, Abigail Cohen, Brian Abaluck, A. Russell Localio, Stephen E. Kimmel, Brian L. Strom

Understanding Reliability and Validity in Qualitative Research

The use of reliability and validity are common in quantitative research and now it is reconsidered in the qualitative research paradigm. Since reliability and validity are rooted in positivist perspective then they should be redefined for their use in...

Essentials of fuzzy modeling and control

From the Publisher:At last, here is a thorough introduction that offers complete coverage of all relevant theory and applications to the rapidly evolving field of fuzzy logic. While most other books on the subject tend to be loose collections of papers...

Genetic organization and diversity of the hepatitis C virus.

Q L Choo, K H Richman, Jang Han, K Berger, Charles Lee, Cheng-Zhi Dong, C Gallegos, Doris Coit, R Medina-Selby, Philip J. Barr

A powerful and efficient algorithm for numerical function optimization: artificial bee colony (ABC) algorithm

Swarm intelligence is a research branch that models the population of interacting agents or swarms that are able to self-organize. An ant colony, a flock of birds or an immune system is a typical example of a swarm system. Bees' swarming around their...

Electroluminescence from single monolayers of nanocrystals in molecular organic devices

Seth Coe, Wing-Keung Woo, Moungi G. Bawendi, Vladimir Bulovi&cacute

Cultural Beliefs and the Organization of Society: A Historical and Theoretical Reflection on Collectivist and Individualist Societies

This paper integrates game-theoretical and sociological concepts to conduct a comparative historical analysis of the relations between culture and institutions. It indicates the importance of culture, and in particular cultural beliefs, in determining...

Two varieties of long-latency positive waves evoked by unpredictable auditory stimuli in man.

Two distinct late-positive components of the scalp-recorded auditory evoked potential were identified which differed in their latency, scalp topography and psychological correlates. The earlier component, called “P 3a ” (latency about 240 msec), was...

Atomic Screening Constants from SCF Functions

The self‐consistent‐field function for atoms with 2 to 36 electrons are computed with a minimal basis set of Slater‐type orbitals. The orbital exponent of the atomic orbitals are optimized as to ensure the energy minimum. The analysis of the optimized...

Leptin stimulates fatty-acid oxidation by activating AMP-activated protein kinase

Yasuhiko Minokoshi, Young-Bum Kim, Odile D. Peroni, Lee G. D. Fryer, Corinna Müller, David Carling

Answering the Skeptics: Yes, Standard Volatility Models Do Provide Accurate Forecasts

A voluminous literature has emerged for modeling the temporal dependencies in financial market volatility using ARCH and stochastic volatility models. While most of these studies have documented highly significant in-sample parameter estimates and pronounced...

Introduction to modern statistical mechanics

David Chandler, Jerome K. Percus

A new pair of M13 vectors for selecting either DNA strand of double-digest restriction fragments.

The strategy of shotgun cloning with M13 is based on obtaining random fragments used for the rapid accumulation of sequence data. A strategy, however, is sometimes needed for obtaining subcloned sequences preferentially out of a mixture of fragments....

The estimation of the bactericidal power of the blood

Arnold Miles, S. S. Misra, J. O. Irwin

Commercial Applications of Microalgae

The first use of microalgae by humans dates back 2000 years to the Chinese, who used Nostoc to survive during famine. However, microalgal biotechnology only really began to develop in the middle of the last century. Nowadays, there are numerous commercial...

The druggable genome

Andrew L. Hopkins, Colin R. Groom

A Comparison of Document Clustering Techniques

Michael Steinbach, George Karypis, Vipin Kumar

Neurotrophins and Neuronal Plasticity

There is increasing evidence that neurotrophins (NTs) are involved in processes of neuronal plasticity besides their well-established actions in regulating the survival, differentiation, and maintenance of functions of specific populations of neurons....

Singular Perturbation Methods in Control: Analysis and Design

From the Publisher:Singular perturbations and time-scale techniques were introduced to control engineering in the late 1960s and have since become common tools for the modeling, analysis, and design of control systems. In this SIAM Classics edition of...

An Epidemic, Toxin Gene-Variant Strain of Clostridium difficile

background Recent reports suggest that the rate and severity of Clostridium difficile –associated disease in the United States are increasing and that the increase may be associated with the emergence of a new strain of C. difficile with increased virulence,...

RSVP: a new resource reservation protocol

Lixia Zhang, Stephen Deering, Deborah Estrin, Scott Shenker, Daniel Zappala

Response to cadmium in higher plants

The paper summarizes present knowledge in the field of higher plant responses to cadmium, an important environmental pollutant. The principal mechanisms reviewed here include phytochelatin-based sequestration and compartmentalization processes, as well...

Molecular Bases of the Acute Coronary Syndromes

The acute coronary syndromes, including unstable angina and acute myocardial infarction, currently constitute a major preoccupation of clinical cardiology. This century has witnessed a remarkable evolution in our clinical concepts of these syndromes....

LIGO: The Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory

The goal of the Laser Interferometric Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO) is to detect and study gravitational waves (GWs) of astrophysical origin. Direct detection of GWs holds the promise of testing general relativity in the strong-field regime, of...

Epidemiologic Study of Sleep Disturbances and Psychiatric Disorders: An Opportunity for Prevention?

As part of the National Institute of Mental Health Epidemiologic Catchment Area study, 7954 respondents were questioned at baseline and 1 year later about sleep complaints and psychiatric symptoms using the Diagnostic Interview Schedule. Of this community...

Normal Monthly Wind Stress Over the World Ocean with Error Estimates

Over 35 million surface observations covering the world ocean from 1870–1976 have been processed for the purpose of calculating monthly normals and standard errors of the eastward and northward components of the wind stress and work done by the winds...

To each plutonic rock its proper name

The paper comments on the recommendations on which the IUGS Subcommission on the Systematics of Igneous Rocks agreed at Montreal, August 1972.Plutonic rocks are classified and named according to mineral contents. For nomenclature are considered: Q = quartz,...

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