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A Tutorial on Support Vector Machines for Pattern Recognition

The tutorial starts with an overview of the concepts of VC dimension and structural risk minimization. We then describe linear Support Vector Machines (SVMs) for separable and non-separable data, working through a non-trivial example in detail. We describe...

Manual for the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory

The STAI serves as an indicator of two types of anxiety, the state and trait anxiety, and measure the severity of the overall anxiety level.The STAI, which is appropriate for those who have at least a sixth grade reading level, contains four-point Likert...

Advances in experimental social psychology

Berkowitz, Leonard, 1926-, Mark P. Zanna

A More Accurate Method To Estimate Glomerular Filtration Rate from Serum Creatinine: A New Prediction Equation

Andrew S. Levey, Juan P. Bosch, Julia B. Lewis, Tom Greene, Nancy Rogers, David Roth

Latent dirichlet allocation

We describe latent Dirichlet allocation (LDA), a generative probabilistic model for collections of discrete data such as text corpora. LDA is a three-level hierarchical Bayesian model, in which each item of a collection is modeled as a finite mixture...

A Simple Sequentially Rejective Multiple Test Procedure

This paper presents a simple and widely ap- plicable multiple test procedure of the sequentially rejective type, i.e. hypotheses are rejected one at a tine until no further rejections can be done. It is shown that the test has a prescribed level of significance...

Computer architecture: a quantitative approach

This best-selling title, considered for over a decade to be essential reading for every serious student and practitioner of computer design, has been updated throughout to address the most important trends facing computer designers today. In this edition,...

Induction of Pluripotent Stem Cells from Adult Human Fibroblasts by Defined Factors

Successful reprogramming of differentiated human somatic cells into a pluripotent state would allow creation of patient- and disease-specific stem cells. We previously reported generation of induced pluripotent stem (iPS) cells, capable of germline transmission,...

Early Goal-Directed Therapy in the Treatment of Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock

Background Goal-directed therapy has been used for severe sepsis and septic shock in the intensive care unit. This approach involves adjustments of cardiac preload, afterload, and contractility to balance oxygen delivery with oxygen demand. The purpose...

Energy-efficient communication protocol for wireless microsensor networks

Wireless distributed microsensor systems will enable the reliable monitoring of a variety of environments for both civil and military applications. In this paper, we look at communication protocols, which can have significant impact on the overall energy...

Reporting physisorption data for gas/solid systems with special reference to the determination of surface area and porosity (Recommendations 1984)

Reporting physisorption data for gas/solid systems with special reference to the determination of surface area and porosity (Recommendations 1984)

Hierarchical Grouping to Optimize an Objective Function

A procedure for forming hierarchical groups of mutually exclusive subsets, each of which has members that are maximally similar with respect to specified characteristics, is suggested for use in large-scale (n > 100) studies when a precise optimal solution...

A Contribution to the Theory of Economic Growth

I. Introduction, 65. — II. A model of long-run growth, 66. — III. Possible growth patterns, 68. — IV. Examples, 73. — V. Behavior of interest and wage rates, 78. — VI. Extensions, 85. — VII. Qualifications, 91.

Knowledge and Teaching: Foundations of the New Reform

Lee S. Shulman builds his foundation for teaching reform on an idea of teaching that emphasizes comprehension and reasoning, transformation and reflection. "This emphasis is justified," he writes, "by the resoluteness with which research and policy have...

Ad-hoc on-demand distance vector routing

An ad-hoc network is the cooperative engagement of a collection of mobile nodes without the required intervention of any centralized access point or existing infrastructure. We present Ad-hoc On Demand Distance Vector Routing (AODV), a novel algorithm...

Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries

In neoclassical growth models with diminishing returns to capital, a country's per capita growth rate tends to be inversely related to its initial level of income per person. This convergence hypothesis seems to be inconsistent with the cross-country...

Organic electroluminescent diodes

A novel electroluminescent device is constructed using organic materials as the emitting elements. The diode has a double‐layer structure of organic thin films, prepared by vapor deposition. Efficient injection of holes and electrons is provided from...

Textural Features for Image Classification

Texture is one of the important characteristics used in identifying objects or regions of interest in an image, whether the image be a photomicrograph, an aerial photograph, or a satellite image. This paper describes some easily computable textural features...

Learning with Kernels: Support Vector Machines, Regularization, Optimization, and Beyond

From the Publisher:In the 1990s, a new type of learning algorithm was developed, based on results from statistical learning theory: the Support Vector Machine (SVM). This gave rise to a new class of theoretically elegant learning machines that use a central...

The structure and function of complex networks

Inspired by empirical studies of networked systems such as the Internet, social networks, and biological networks, researchers have in recent years developed a variety of techniques and models to help us understand or predict the behavior of these systems....

Qualitative inquiry and research design : choosing among five traditions

This book explores the philosophical underpinnings, history and key elements of five qualitative inquiry traditions: biography, phenomenology, grounded theory, ethnography and case study. John W Creswell relates research designs to each of the traditions...

Specification Tests in Econometrics

Using the result that under the null hypothesis of no misspecification an asymptotically efficient estimator must have zero asymptotic covariance with its difference from a consistent but asymptotically inefficient estimator, specification tests are devised...

Microwave Mobile Communications

From the Publisher:IEEE Press is pleased to bring back into print this definitive text and reference covering all aspects of microwave mobile systems design. Encompassing ten years of advanced research in the field, this invaluable resource reviews basic...

Verbal Reports as Data.

K. Anders Ericsson, Herbert A. Simon

The Sequence of the Human Genome

A 2.91-billion base pair (bp) consensus sequence of the euchromatic portion of the human genome was generated by the whole-genome shotgun sequencing method. The 14.8-billion bp DNA sequence was generated over 9 months from 27,271,853 high-quality sequence...

Cancer Statistics, 2010

Each year, the American Cancer Society estimates the number of new cancer cases and deaths expected in the United States in the current year and compiles the most recent data regarding cancer incidence, mortality, and survival based on incidence data...

Harrison's Principles of internal medicine

Harrison, Tinsley Randolph, Fauci, Anthony S.

A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth

This paper examines whether the Solow growth model is consistent with the international variation in the standard of living. It shows that an augmented Solow model that includes accumulation of human as well as physical capital provides an excellent description...

Corporate Financing and Investment Decisions When Firms Have Informationthat Investors Do Not Have

This paper considers a firm that must issue common stock to raise cash to undertake a valuable investment opportunity. Management is assumed to know more about the firm's value than potential investors. Investors interpret the firm's actions rationally....

Observational Evidence from Supernovae for an Accelerating Universe and a Cosmological Constant

We present spectral and photometric observations of 10 Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) in the redshift range 0.16 ≤ z ≤ 0.62. The luminosity distances of these objects are determined by methods that employ relations between...

An Integrative Model Of Organizational Trust

Scholars in various disciplines have considered the causes, nature, and effects of trust. Prior approaches to studying trust are considered, including characteristics of the trustor, the trustee, and the role of risk. A definition of trust and a model...

Exploration and exploitation in organizational learning

Exploration and explotation in organizational learning - This paper considers the relation between the exploration of new possibilities and the exploitation of old certainties in organizational learning. It examines some complications in allocating resources...

How to do things with words

J. L. (John Langshaw) Austin, J. O. (James Opie) Urmson, Marina Sbisà

Longitudinal data analysis using generalized linear models

SUMMARY This paper proposes an extension of generalized linear models to the analysis of longitudinal data. We introduce a class of estimating equations that give consistent estimates of the regression parameters and of their variance under mild assumptions...

The second industrial divide : possibilities for prosperity

Two MacArthur Prize Fellows argue that to get out of its current economic crisis industry should abandon its attachment to standardized mass production for a system of flexible specialization

Lifetime and 12-month prevalence of DSM-III-R psychiatric disorders in the United States: Results from the National Comorbidity Survey

Background: This study presents estimates of lifetime and 12-monthprevalence of 14 DSM-III-Rpsychiatricdisorders from the National Comorbidity Survey, the first survey to administer a structured psychiatric interview to a national probability sample in...

User acceptance of information technology: toward a unified view

Information technology (IT) acceptance research has yielded many competing models, each with different sets of acceptance determinants. In this paper, we (1) review user acceptance literature and discuss eight prominent models, (2) empirically compare...

Comparative Protein Modelling by Satisfaction of Spatial Restraints

We describe a comparative protein modelling method designed to find the most probable structure for a sequence given its alignment with related structures. The three dimensional (3D) model is obtained by optimally satisfying spatial restraints derived...

Intensive blood-glucose control with sulphonylureas or insulin compared with conventional treatment and risk of complications in patients with type 2 diabetes (UKPDS 33)

UK Prospective Diabetes Study (UKPDS) Group* Summary Background Improved blood-glucose control decreases the progression of diabetic microvascular disease, but the effect on macrovascular complications is unknown. There is concern that sulphonylureas...

Human breast cancer : correlation of relapse and survival with amplification of the HER-2/neu oncogene

The HER-2/neu oncogene is a member of the erbB-like oncogene family, and is related to, but distinct from, the epidermal growth factor receptor. This gene has been shown to be amplified in human breast cancer cell lines. In the current study, alterations...

Rough sets

Rough set theory, introduced by Zdzislaw Pawlak in the early 1980s [11, 12], is a new mathematical tool to deal with vagueness and uncertainty. This approach seems to be of fundamental importance to artificial intelligence (AI) and cognitive sciences,...

Biodiversity hotspots for conservation priorities

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Statistical method for testing the neutral mutation hypothesis by DNA polymorphism.

The relationship between the two estimates of genetic variation at the DNA level, namely the number of segregating sites and the average number of nucleotide differences estimated from pairwise comparison, is investigated. It is found that the correlation...

A model of leptons

Steven Weinberg

Two-Dimensional Gas of Massless Dirac Fermions in Graphene

Quantum electrodynamics (resulting from the merger of quantum mechanics and relativity theory) has provided a clear understanding of phenomena ranging from particle physics to cosmology and from astrophysics to quantum chemistry1, 2, 3. The ideas underlying...

One-step inactivation of chromosomal genes in Escherichia coli K-12 using PCR products

We have developed a simple and highly efficient method to disrupt chromosomal genes in Escherichia coli in which PCR primers provide the homology to the targeted gene(s). In this procedure, recombination requires the phage λ Red recombinase, which is...

Investment under Uncertainty

How should firms decide whether and when to invest in new capital equipment, additions to their workforce, or the development of new products? Why have traditional economic models of investment failed to explain the behavior of investment spending in...

A Brief History of Neoliberalism

Neoliberalism - the doctrine that market exchange is an ethic in itself, capable of acting as a guide for all human action - has become dominant in both thought and practice throughout much of the world since 1970 or so. Its spread has depended upon a...

Establishing a standard definition for child overweight and obesity worldwide: international survey

This study aimed to develop an internationally acceptable definition of child overweight and obesity specifying the measurement reference population and age and sex specific cut off points. Data on body mass index (weight/height) were obtained from 6...

New guidelines to evaluate the response to treatment in solid tumors. European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer, National Cancer Institute of the United States, National Cancer Institute of Canada.

Ronald J. A. Wanders, Kiliaan A. P. C. van Wees, S. Kaplan, Mary E. Eisenhauer, Steve G. Gwyther, Marc Van Ranst, Patrick Therasse, Kimberly M. Christian, Jaco J. Verweij, Brigitte A. Bogert, Jay R. Kaplan

Climate Change 2001: The Scientific Basis

Jennifer Houghton, Y. Ding, David J. Griggs, P. J. Van der Linden, X. Dai, Kathy Maskell, Ca Johnson

The empirical mode decomposition and the Hilbert spectrum for nonlinear and non-stationary time series analysis

A new method for analysing nonlinear and non-stationary data has been developed. The key part of the method is the ‘empirical mode decomposition’ method with which any complicated data set can be decomposed into a finite and often small number of...

SOME MODELS FOR ESTIMATING TECHNICAL AND SCALE INEFFICIENCIES IN DATA ENVELOPMENT ANALYSIS

In management contexts, mathematical programming is usually used to evaluate a collection of possible alternative courses of action en route to selecting one which is best. In this capacity, mathematical programming serves as a planning aid to management....

Multilayer feedforward networks are universal approximators

This paper rigorously establishes that standard multilayer feedforward networks with as few as one hidden layer using arbitrary squashing functions are capable of approximating any Borel measurable function from one finite dimensional space to another...

Significance Tests and Goodness of Fit in the Analysis of Covariance Structures

Factor analysis, path analysis, structural equation modeling, and related multivariate statistical methods are based on maximum likelihood or generalized least squares estimation developed for covariance structure models. Large-sample theory provides...

MEGA3: Integrated software for Molecular Evolutionary Genetics Analysis and sequence alignment

With its theoretical basis firmly established in molecular evolutionary and population genetics, the comparative DNA and protein sequence analysis plays a central role in reconstructing the evolutionary histories of species and multigene families, estimating...

The genetical evolution of social behaviour. I.

A genetical mathematical model is described which allows for interactions between relatives on one another's fitness. Making use of Wright's Coefficient of Relationship as the measure of the proportion of replica genes in a relative, a quantity is found...

PCR protocols: a guide to methods and applications.

Michael A. Innis, David H. Gelfand, John Sninsky, Thomas J. White

A Feature-Integration Theory of Attention

A new hypothesis about the role of focused attention is proposed. The feature-integration theory of attention suggests that attention must be directed serially to each stimulus in a display whenever conjunctions of more than one separable feature are...

Analysis of nitrate, nitrite, and [15N]nitrate in biological fluids

A new automated system for the analysis of nitrate via reduction with a high-pressure cadmium column is described. Samples of urine, saliva, deproteinized plasma, gastric juice, and milk can be analyzed for nitrate, nitrite, or both with a lower limit...

Rapid object detection using a boosted cascade of simple features

This paper describes a machine learning approach for visual object detection which is capable of processing images extremely rapidly and achieving high detection rates. This work is distinguished by three key contributions. The first is the introduction...

A Contribution to the Empirics of Economic Growth

This paper examines whether the Solow growth model is consistent with the international variation in the standard of living. It shows that an augmented Solow model that includes accumulation of human as well as physical capital provides an excellent description...

The Market for “Lemons”: Quality Uncertainty and the Market Mechanism

I. Introduction, 488. — II. The model with automobiles as an example, 489. — III. Examples and applications, 492. — IV. Counteracting institutions, 499. — V. Conclusion, 500.

Economic Growth in a Cross Section of Countries

In neoclassical growth models with diminishing returns to capital, a country's per capita growth rate tends to be inversely related to its initial level of income per person. This convergence hypothesis seems to be inconsistent with the cross-country...

Targeted gene expression as a means of altering cell fates and generating dominant phenotypes

even-skipped represses wingless and transforms cells that would normally secrete naked cuticle into denticle secreting cells. The GAL4 system can thus be used to study regulatory interactions during embryonic development. In adults, targeted expression...

Ordinary differential equations

Ordinary differential equations

Generalized Expectancies for Internal versus External Control of Reinforcement

Generalized Expectancies for Internal versus External Control of Reinforcement

Innovation and Growth in the Global Economy

Traditional growth theory emphasizes the incentives for capital accumulation rather than technological progress. Innovation is treated as an exogenous process or a by-product of investment in machinery and equipment. Grossman and Helpman develop a unique...

The social system

THE present volume is an attempt to bring together, in systematic and generalized form, the main outlines of a conceptual scheme for the analysis of the structure and processes of social systems. In the nature of the case, within the frame of reference...

THE SOUND PATTERN OF ENGLISH.

Noam Chomsky, Morris Halle

Assessing the quality of reports of randomized clinical trials: Is blinding necessary?

It has been suggested that the quality of clinical trials should be assessed by blinded raters to limit the risk of introducing bias into meta-analyses and systematic reviews, and into the peer-review process. There is very little evidence in the literature...

Chord: A scalable peer-to-peer lookup service for internet applications

A fundamental problem that confronts peer-to-peer applications is to efficiently locate the node that stores a particular data item. This paper presents Chord , a distributed lookup protocol that addresses this problem. Chord provides support for just...

THE BRIEF PSYCHIATRIC RATING SCALE

John E. Overall, Donald R. Gorham

Recommendations for Chamber Quantification: A Report from the American Society of Echocardiography's Guidelines and Standards Committee and the Chamber Quantification Writing Group, Developed in Conjunction with the European Association of Echocardio

S. Michelle Bierig, Richard B. Devereux, Frank A. Flachskampf, Elyse Foster, Patricia A. Pellikka, Michael H. Picard, Mary J. Roman, Jack S. Shanewise, Scott D. Solomon, Kirk T. Spencer, Martin St. John Sutton, William J. Stewart

Risk Society: Towards a New Modernity

Ulrich Beck, Mark A. Ritter

The capacity of wireless networks

When n identical randomly located nodes, each capable of transmitting at W bits per second and using a fixed range, form a wireless network, the throughput λ(n) obtainable by each node for a randomly chosen destination is Θ(W/√(nlogn)) bits per second...

Knowledge of the Firm, Combinative Capabilities, and the Replication of Technology

How should we understand why firms exist? A prevailing view has been that they serve to keep in check the transaction costs arising from the self-interested motivations of individuals. We develop in this article the argument that what firms do better...

CLUSTERS AND THE NEW ECONOMICS OF COMPETITION

Paradoxically, the enduring competitive advantages in a global economy lie increasingly in local things – knowledge, relationships, and motivation that distant rivals cannot match. Untangling the paradox of location in a global economy offers insights...

Multi-Objective Optimization Using Evolutionary Algorithms

From the Publisher:Evolutionary algorithms are relatively new, but very powerful techniques used to find solutions to many real-world search and optimization problems. Many of these problems have multiple objectives, which leads to the need to obtain...

Image quality assessment: from error visibility to structural similarity

Objective methods for assessing perceptual image quality traditionally attempted to quantify the visibility of errors (differences) between a distorted image and a reference image using a variety of known properties of the human visual system. Under the...

Microsomal lipid peroxidation.

This chapter discusses microsomal lipid peroxidation. Lipid peroxidation is a complex process known to occur in both plants and animals. It involves the formation and propagation of lipid radicals, the uptake of oxygen, a rearrangement of the double bonds...

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