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Artificial intelligence: a modern approach

The long-anticipated revision of this #HASH#1 selling book offers the most comprehensive, state of the art introduction to the theory and practice of artificial intelligence for modern applications. Intelligent Agents. Solving Problems by Searching. Informed...

Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

Since the second edition of this text, the literature in inorganic chemistry has continued to grow at an extremely rapid rate. The work has been characterised by increasing sophistication in the use of physical methods as well as in concepts and insights....

Structural equations with latent variables

Clifford C. Clogg, Kenneth A. Bollen

Pattern classification and scene analysis

Michael Thompson, Richard O. Duda

The properties of gases and liquids

Robert C. Reid, J. M. Prausnitz, Bruce E. Poling

CAPITAL ASSET PRICES: A THEORY OF MARKET EQUILIBRIUM UNDER CONDITIONS OF RISK

One of the problems which has plagued thouse attempting to predict the behavior of capital marcets is the absence of a body of positive of microeconomic theory dealing with conditions of risk/ Althuogh many usefull insights can be obtaine from the traditional...

Introduction To Automata Theory, Languages, And Computation

This book is a rigorous exposition of formal languages and models of computation, with an introduction to computational complexity. The authors present the theory in a concise and straightforward manner, with an eye out for the practical applications....

Ordered mesoporous molecular sieves synthesized by a liquid-crystal template mechanism

C.T. Kresge, Michael E. Leonowicz, Wieslaw J. Roth, James C. Vartuli, Jeffrey S. Beck

A fast and elitist multiobjective genetic algorithm: NSGA-II

Multi-objective evolutionary algorithms (MOEAs) that use non-dominated sorting and sharing have been criticized mainly for: (1) their O(MN/sup 3/) computational complexity (where M is the number of objectives and N is the population size); (2) their non-elitism...

A method for obtaining digital signatures and public-key cryptosystems

An encryption method is presented with the novel property that publicly revealing an encryption key does not thereby reveal the corresponding decryption key. This has two important consequences: Couriers or other secure means are not needed to transmit...

Separation of Ownership and Control

ABSENT fiat, the form of organization that survives in an activity is the one that delivers the product demanded by customers at the lowest price while covering costs.1 Our goal is to explain the survival of organizations characterized by separation of...

Environmental Applications of Semiconductor Photocatalysis

Michael R. Hoffmann, Scot T. Martin, Wonyong Choi, D. Bahnemann

Induction of Decision Trees

The technology for building knowledge-based systems by inductive inference from examples has been demonstrated successfully in several practical applications. This paper summarizes an approach to synthesizing decision trees that has been used in a variety...

A new and rapid colorimetric determination of acetylcholinesterase activity.

A photometric method for determining acetylcholinesterase activity of tissue extracts, homogenates, cell suspensions, etc., has been described. The enzyme activity is measured by following the increase of yellow color produced from thiocholine when it...

Culture and the self: Implications for cognition, emotion, and motivation.

People in different cultures have strikingly different construals of the self, of others, and of the interdependence of the 2. These construals can influence, and in many cases determine, the very nature of individual experience, including cognition,...

Thought and language

A. Wilkes, L. S. Vygotsky, Eugenia Hanfmann, Gertrude Vakar

Human Problem Solving

Allen Newell, Herbert A. Simon

Support vector machines

Nello Cristianini, Elisa Ricci

Wireless sensor networks: a survey

This paper describes the concept of sensor networks which has been made viable by the convergence of micro-electro-mechanical systems technology, wireless communications and digital electronics. First, the sensing tasks and the potential sensor networks...

Self-organizing maps

Teuvo Kohonen, M. R. Schroeder, Tingwen Huang

Handbook of Applied Cryptography

Alfred Menezes, Scott A. Vanstone

Autoregressive Conditional Heteroscedasticity with Estimates of the Variance of United Kingdom Inflation

Traditional econometric models assume a constant one-period forecast variance. To generalize this implausible assumption, a new class of stochastic processes called autoregressive conditional heteroscedastic (ARCH) processes are introduced in this paper....

Discrete-time signal processing

For senior/graduate-level courses in Discrete-Time Signal Processing. THE definitive, authoritative text on DSP -- ideal for those with an introductory-level knowledge of signals and systems. Written by prominent, DSP pioneers, it provides thorough treatment...

Quantifying heterogeneity in a meta‐analysis

SUMMARY The extent of heterogeneity in a meta-analysis partly determines the diculty in drawing overall con- clusions. This extent may be measured by estimating a between-study variance, but interpretation is then specic to a particular treatment eect...

REVIEW OF PARTICLE PHYSICS

This biennial Review summarizes much of particle physics. Using data from previous editions, plus 2633 new measurements from 689 papers, we list, evaluate, and average measured properties of gauge bosons, leptons, quarks, mesons, and baryons. We also...

Constitution of binary alloys

Kurt Anderko, H. W. Salzberg

Politeness: Some universals in language usage

Penelope Brown, Stephen C. Levinson

DNA POLYMORPHISMS AMPLIFIED BY ARBITRARY PRIMERS ARE USEFUL AS GENETIC MARKERS

John G. K. Williams, Anne R. Kubelik, Kenneth J. Livak, J. Antoni Rafalski, Scott V. Tingey

Reduction in the incidence of type 2 diabetes with lifestyle intervention or metformin

Background Type 2 diabetes affects approximately 8 percent of adults in the United States. Some risk factors — elevated plasma glucose concentrations in the fasting state and after an oral glucose load, overweight, and a sedentary lifestyle — are...

Self-Determination Theory and the Facilitation of Intrinsic Motivation, Social Development, and Well-Being

Human beings can be proactive and engaged or, alternatively, passive and alienated, largely as a function of the social conditions in which they develop and function. Accordingly, research guided by self-determination theo~ has focused on the social-contextual...

Embryonic Stem Cell Lines Derived from Human Blastocysts

Human blastocyst-derived, pluripotent cell lines are described that have normal karyotypes, express high levels of telomerase activity, and express cell surface markers that characterize primate embryonic stem cells but do not characterize other early...

The Nature of the Firm

Наверное, это самая популярная и удивительная статья 20 в., которая фактически привела к созданию через полвека новой экономической дисциплины...

Self-interaction correction to density-functional approximations for many-electron systems

exchange and correlation, are not. We present two related methods for the self-interaction correction (SIC) of any density functional for the energy; correction of the self-consistent one-electron potenial follows naturally from the variational principle....

A low-viscosity epoxy resin embedding medium for electron microscopy.

A low-viscosity embedding medium based on ERL-4206 is recommended for use in electron microscopy. The composition is: ERL-4206 (vinyl cyclo-hexene dioxide) 10g, D.E.R. 736 (diglycidyl ether of polypropylene glycol) 6 g, NSA (nonenyl succinic anhydride)...

Situated Cognition and the Culture of Learning

Many teaching practices implicitly assume that conceptual knowledge can be abstracted from the situations in which it is learned and used. This article argues that this assumption inevitably limits the effectiveness of such practices. Drawing on recent...

Coot: model-building tools for molecular graphics

CCP4mg is a project that aims to provide a general-purpose tool for structural biologists, providing tools for X-ray structure solution, structure comparison and analysis, and publication-quality graphics. The map-fitting tools are available as a stand-alone...

CHARMM: A program for macromolecular energy, minimization, and dynamics calculations

Bernard R. Brooks, Robert E. Bruccoleri, Barry D. Olafson, David J. States, Soumya Swaminathan, Martin Karplus

SOFT SELF-CONSISTENT PSEUDOPOTENTIALS IN A GENERALIZED EIGENVALUE FORMALISM

SOFT SELF-CONSISTENT PSEUDOPOTENTIALS IN A GENERALIZED EIGENVALUE FORMALISM

Exploration and Exploitation in Organizational Learning

This paper considers the relation between the exploration of new possibilities and the exploitation of old certainties in organizational learning. It examines some complications in allocating resources between the two, particularly those introduced by...

The central role of the propensity score in observational studies for causal effects

SUMMARY The propensity score is the conditional probability of assignment to a particular treatment given a vector of observed covariates. Both large and small sample theory show that adjustment for the scalar propensity score is sufficient to remove...

A survey on sensor networks

The advancement in wireless communications and electronics has enabled the development of low-cost sensor networks. The sensor networks can be used for various application areas (e.g., health, military, home). For different application areas, there are...

Improved patch-clamp techniques for high-resolution current recording from cells and cell-free membrane patches

1.The extracellular patch clamp method, which first allowed the detection of single channel currents in biological membranes, has been further refined to enable higher current resolution, direct membrane patch potential control, and physical isolation...

The Satisfaction with Life Scale

This article reports the development and validation of a scale to measure global life satisfaction, the Satisfaction With Life Scale (SWLS). Among the various components of subjective well-being, the SWLS is narrowly focused to assess global life satisfaction...

Cluster analysis and display of genome-wide expression patterns

A system of cluster analysis for genome-wide expression data from DNA microarray hybridization is de- scribed that uses standard statistical algorithms to arrange genes according to similarity in pattern of gene expression. The output is displayed graphically,...

Measuring inconsistency in meta-analyses

Cochrane Reviews have recently started including the quantity I 2 to help readers assess the consistency of the results of studies in meta-analyses. What does this new quantity mean, and why is assessment of heterogeneity so important to clinical practice?...

Regression Shrinkage and Selection via the Lasso

SUMMARY We propose a new method for estimation in linear models. The 'lasso' minimizes the residual sum of squares subject to the sum of the absolute value of the coefficients being less than a constant. Because of the nature of this constraint it tends...

The Design and Analysis of Computer Algorithms

From the Publisher:With this text, you gain an understanding of the fundamental concepts of algorithms, the very heart of computer science. It introduces the basic data structures and programming techniques often used in efficient algorithms. Covers use...

Investigating Causal Relations by Econometric Models and Cross-Spectral Methods

There occurs on some occasions a difficulty in deciding the direction of causality between two related variables and also whether or not feedback is occurring. Testable definitions of causality and feedback are proposed and illustrated by use of simple...

The value of the world's ecosystem services and natural capital

Robert Costanza, Rudolf de Groot, Stephen Farberk, Monica Grasso, Bruce Hannon, Karin E. Limburg, Shahid Naeem, José M. Paruelo, Robert G. Raskin, Paul Suttonkk, Marjan van den Belt

Phase Annealing in SHELX-90: Direct Methods for Larger Structures

A number of extensions to the multisolution approach to the crystallographic phase problem are discussed in which the negative quartet relations play an important role. A phase annealing method, related to the simulated annealing approach in other optimization...

A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity

This paper presents a parameter covariance matrix estimator which is consistent even when the disturbances of a linear regression model are heteroskedastic. This estimator does not depend on a formal model of the structure of the heteroskedasticity. By...

User Acceptance of Computer Technology: A Comparison of Two Theoretical Models

Computer systems cannot improve organizational performance if they aren't used. Unfortunately, resistance to end-user systems by managers and professionals is a widespread problem. To better predict, explain, and increase user acceptance, we need to better...

The Cross-Section of Expected Stock Returns

Two easily measured variables, size and book-to-market equity, combine to capture the cross-sectional variation in average stock returns associated with market {3, size, leverage, book-to-market equity, and earnings-price ratios. Moreover, when the tests...

The general theory of employment, interest and money

The general theory of employment, interest and money

Improved tools for biological sequence comparison.

William R. Pearson, David J. Lipman

Apoptosis: A Basic Biological Phenomenon with Wide-ranging Implications in Tissue Kinetics

The term apoptosis is proposed for a hitherto little recognized mechanism of controlled cell deletion, which appears to play a complementary but opposite role to mitosis in the regulation of animal cell populations. Its morphological features suggest...

How to share a secret

In this paper we show how to divide data D into n pieces in such a way that D is easily reconstructable from any k pieces, but even complete knowledge of k - 1 pieces reveals absolutely no information about D. This technique enables the construction of...

A Dynamic Theory of Organizational Knowledge Creation

This paper proposes a paradigm for managing the dynamic aspects of organizational knowledge creating processes. Its central theme is that organizational knowledge is created through a continuous dialogue between tacit and explicit knowledge. The nature...

The Elements of Statistical Learning

Trevor Hastie, Robert Tibshirani, Jerome H. Friedman

Basics of Qualitative Research

Julie L. Ozanne, Anselm L. Strauss, Juliet M. Corbin

On the Mechanics of Economic Development

Thls paper considers the prospects for constructing a neoclassical theory of growth and international trade that is consistent with some of the main features of economic development. Three models are considered and compared to evidence: a model emphasizing...

Modern Information Retrieval

Ricardo Baeza-Yates, B. Ribeiro-Neto

MUSCLE: multiple sequence alignment with high accuracy and high throughput

We describe MUSCLE, a new computer program for creating multiple alignments of protein sequences. Elements of the algorithm include fast distance estimation using kmer counting, progressive alignment using a new profile function we call the logexpectation...

Capitalism and Freedom

Selected by the Times Literary Supplement as one of the "hundred most influential books since the war" How can we benefit from the promise of government while avoiding the threat it poses to individual freedom? In this classic book, Milton Friedman provides...

The Theory of Industrial Organization

The Theory of Industrial Organization is the first primary text to treat the new industrial organization at the advanced-undergraduate and graduate level. Rigorously analytical and filled with exercises coded to indicate level of difficulty, it provides...

On the evaluation of structural equation models

Criteria for evaluating structural equation models with latent variables are defined, critiqued, and illustrated. An overall program for model evaluation is proposed based upon an interpretation of converging and diverging evidence. Model assessment is...

Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics

Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics

SERVQUAL ; A Multiple-Item Scale for Measuring Consumer Perceptions of Service Quality

SERVQUAL ; A Multiple-Item Scale for Measuring Consumer Perceptions of Service Quality

Risks and benefits of estrogen plus progestin in healthy postmenopausal women: principal results From the Women's Health Initiative randomized controlled trial

Jacques E. Rossouw, Ross L. Prentice, Charles Kooperberg, Marcia L. Stefanick, Rebecca D. Jackson, Shirley A. A. Beresford, Barbara V. Howard, Karen C. Johnson, Jane Morley Kotchen, Judith K. Ockene

Positional cloning of the mouse obese gene and its human homologue.

Yiying Zhang, Ricardo Proenca, Margherita Maffei, Marisa Barone, Lori Leopold, J. Friedman

Histograms of oriented gradients for human detection

We study the question of feature sets for robust visual object recognition; adopting linear SVM based human detection as a test case. After reviewing existing edge and gradient based descriptors, we show experimentally that grids of histograms of oriented...

A simple transmit diversity technique for wireless communications

This paper presents a simple two-branch transmit diversity scheme. Using two transmit antennas and one receive antenna the scheme provides the same diversity order as maximal-ratio receiver combining (MRRC) with one transmit antenna, and two receive antennas....

Preferred reporting items for systematic reviews and meta-analyses: the PRISMA statement.

David Moher, Alessandro Liberati, Jennifer Tetzlaff, Douglas G. Altman

The statistical analysis of failure time data

John D. Kalbfleisch, Ross L. Prentice

A Survey of Corporate Governance

This article surveys research on corporate governance, with special attention to the importance of legal protection of investors and of ownership concentration in corporate governance systems around the world. CORPORATE GOVERNANCE DEALS WITH the ways...

Reproduction in education, society and culture

Pierre Bourdieu, Richard Nice, Tom Bottomore

Economic Growth In A Cross Section Of Countries

In neoclassical growth models with diminishing returns to capital, a country's per capita growth rate tends to be inversely related to its initial level of income per person. This convergence hypothesis seems to be inconsistent with the cross-country...

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