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Quantum Mechanics

From the Publisher:This book provides an introduction to the theoretical foundations of quantum mechanics for students of experimental physics. It is intended as an intermediate text for those who have already completed an introductory course in quantum...

Co-integration and error correction: representation, estimation, and testing

The relationship between co-integration and error correction models, first suggested in Granger (1981), is here extended and used to develop estimation procedures, tests, and empirical examples.If each element of a vector of time series xt first achieves...

Random Forests

Random forests are a combination of tree predictors such that each tree depends on the values of a random vector sampled independently and with the same distribution for all trees in the forest. The generalization error for forests converges a.s. to a...

A Computational Approach to Edge Detection

This paper describes a computational approach to edge detection. The success of the approach depends on the definition of a comprehensive set of goals for the computation of edge points. These goals must be precise enough to delimit the desired behavior...

A simple salting out procedure for extracting DNA from human nucleated cells

Shirley A. Miller, Dale D. Dykes, Herbert F. Polesky

Sample Selection Bias as a Specification Error (with an Application to the Estimation of Labor Supply Functions)

In this paper, I present a simple characterization of the sample selection bias problem that is also applicable to the conceptually distinct econometric problems that arise from truncated samples and from models with limited dependent variables. The problem...

Matrix computations

A large proportion of the scientific calculations performed on computers involves matrices. Partly, this is because of the ubiquity of matrices in the mathematics of scientific problems, but it is also partly due to the fact that the use of matrices is...

SPECIAL POINTS FOR BRILLOUIN-ZONE INTEGRATIONS

Hendrik J. Monkhorst, James D. Pack

A Behavioral Theory of the Firm

Richard M. Cyert, James G. March

The magical number seven, plus or minus two : Some limits on our capacity for processing information

First, the span of absolute judgment and the span of immediate memory impose severe limitations on the amount of information that we are able to receive, process, and remember. By organizing the stimulus input simultaneously into several dimensions and...

A new generation of Ca2+ indicators with greatly improved fluorescence properties.

A new family of highly fluorescent indicators has been synthesized for biochemical studies of the physiological role of cytosolic free Ca2+. The compounds combine an 8-coordinate tetracarboxylate chelating site with stilbene chromophores. Incorporation...

Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) Routing

The Ad hoc On-Demand Distance Vector (AODV) routing protocol is intended for use by mobile nodes in an ad hoc network. It offers quick adaptation to dynamic link conditions, low processing and memory overhead, low network utilization, and determines unicast...

A resource‐based view of the firm

Summary The paper explores the usefulness of analysing firms from the resource side rather than from the product side. In analogy to entry barriers and growth-share matrices, the concepts of resource position barrier and resource-product matrices are...

Strategic Management: THE STAKEHOLDER APPROACH

Strategic Management: THE STAKEHOLDER APPROACH

Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice

From the Publisher:The indispensable guide to wireless communications—now fully revised and updated!Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice, Second Edition is the definitive modern text for wireless communications technology and system design....

Estimation of the Concentration of Low-Density Lipoprotein Cholesterol in Plasma, Without Use of the Preparative Ultracentrifuge

A method for estimating the cholesterol content of the serum low-density lipoprotein fraction (Sf0-20) is presented. The method involves measurements of fasting plasma total cholesterol, triglyceride, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentrations,...

The rise of graphene

: Graphene is a rapidly rising star on the horizon of materials science and condensed matter physics. This strictly two-dimensional material exhibits exceptionally high crystal and electronic quality and, despite its short history, has already revealed...

The Iron Cage Revisited: Institutional Isomorphism and Collective Rationality in Organizational Fields

What makes organizations so similar? We contend that the engine of rationalization and bureaucratization has moved from the competitive marketplace to the state and the professions. Once a set of organizations emerges as a field, a paradox arises: rational...

The Protein Data Bank

The Protein Data Bank (PDB; http://www.rcsb.org/pdb/ ) is the single worldwide archive of structural data of biological macromolecules. This paper describes the goals of the PDB, the systems in place for data depo- sition and access, how to obtain further...

Alternative Ways of Assessing Model Fit

This article is concerned with measures of fit of a model. Two types of error involved in fitting a model are considered. The first is error of approximation which involves the fit of the model, with optimally chosen but unknown parameter values, to the...

DEVELOPMENT AND VALIDATION OF BRIEF MEASURES OF POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE AFFECT: THE PANAS SCALES

In recent studies of the structure of affect, positive and negative affect have consistently emerged as two dominant and relatively independent dimensions. A number of mood scales have been created to measure these factors; however, many existing measures...

The CCP4 suite: programs for protein crystallography

Collaborative Computational, Number 4

The MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) I. Conceptual framework and item selection

The MOS 36-Item Short-Form Health Survey (SF-36) I. Conceptual framework and item selection

Computer simulation of liquids

M. P. Allen, D. J. Tildesley

Principal component analysis

Principal component analysis

AFLP: a new technique for DNA fingerprinting

A novelDNAfingerprinting technique called AFLPis described. TheAFLPtechnique isbasedon the selective PCRamplification ofrestriction fragments fromatotal digest ofgenomicDNA.Thetechnique involves threesteps: (i) restriction oftheDNA and ligation ofoligonucleotide...

The NCEP/NCAR 40-Year Reanalysis Project

The NCEP and NCAR are cooperating in a project (denoted “reanalysis”) to produce a 40-year record of global analyses of atmospheric fields in support of the needs of the research and climate monitoring communities. This effort involves the recovery...

A theory for multiresolution signal decomposition: the wavelet representation

Multiresolution representations are effective for analyzing the information content of images. The properties of the operator which approximates a signal at a given resolution were studied. It is shown that the difference of information between the approximation...

A new method of classifying prognostic comorbidity in longitudinal studies: development and validation.

The objective of this study was to develop a prospectively applicable method for classifying comorbid conditions which might alter the risk of mortality for use in longitudinal studies. A weighted index that takes into account the number and the seriousness...

Learning internal representations by error propagation

David E. Rumelhart, Geoffrey E. Hinton, Ronald J. Williams

Handbook of qualitative research

Norman K. Denzin, Yvonna S. Lincoln

System identification: theory for the user

Das Buch behandelt die Systemidentifizierung in dem theoretischen Bereich, der direkte Auswirkungen auf Verstaendnis und praktische Anwendung der verschiedenen Verfahren zur Identifizierung hat. Da ...

MRBAYES: Bayesian inference of phylogenetic trees

Summary: The program MRBAYES performs Bayesian inference of phylogeny using a variant of Markov chain Monte Carlo. Availability: MRBAYES, including the source code, documentation, sample data files, and an executable, is available at http://brahms.biology.rochester.edu/software.html.

Electric Field Effect in Atomically Thin Carbon Films

We describe monocrystalline graphitic films, which are a few atoms thick but are nonetheless stable under ambient conditions, metallic, and of remarkably high quality. The films are found to be a two-dimensional semimetal with a tiny overlap between valence...

Gene ontology: tool for the unification of biology. The Gene Ontology Consortium.

Selina S. Dwight, David A. Davis, David P. Hill, John J. Matese, Martin Ringwald, R. M. Harris, Kara Dolinski, Stephen J. P. Blake, Nicquet M.J. Blake, Magnus J. E. Richardson, Nia C S Lewis, Hope C. Ball, P. H. Butler, J. Michael Cherry, Michael Ashburner, S. W. Lewis, David Botstein, R. Sherlock, Andrea J. Richardson, John J. Eppig, L. Michele Issel, G P Rubin, Andrew Kasarskis

The Pharmacological basis of therapeutics

Louis S. Goodman, Alfred Gilman

High resolution two-dimensional electrophoresis of proteins.

High resolution two-dimensional electrophoresis of proteins.

Some Tests of Specification for Panel Data: Monte Carlo Evidence and an Application to Employment Equations

This paper presents specification tests that are applicable after estimating a dynamic model from panel data by the generalized method of moments (GMM), and studies the practical performance of these procedures using both generated and real data. Our...

Dendritic cells and the control of immunity

Jacques Banchereau, Ralph M. Steinman

Comparison of simple potential functions for simulating liquid water

Classical Monte Carlo simulations have been carried out for liquid water in the NPT ensemble at 25 °C and 1 atm using six of the simpler intermolecular potential functions for the water dimer: Bernal–Fowler (BF), SPC, ST2, TIPS2, TIP3P, and TIP4P....

Improved M13 phage cloning vectors and host strains: nucleotide sequences of the M13mp18 and pUC19 vectors

Three kinds of improvements have been introduced into the M13-based cloning systems. (1) New Escherichia coli host strains have been constructed for the E. coli bacteriophage M13 and the high-copy-number pUC-plasmid cloning vectors. Mutations introduced...

COMMON METHOD BIASES IN BEHAVIORAL RESEARCH: A CRITICAL REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE AND RECOMMENDED REMEDIES

Philip M. Podsakoff, Scott B. MacKenzie, Jeong-Yeon Lee, Nathan P. Podsakoff

Hierarchical linear models : applications and data analysis methods

Harvey Goldstein, Anthony S. Bryk, Stephen W. Raudenbush

Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods

Jill K. Welch, Michael Quinn Patton

PRIMER DIRECTED ENZYMATIC AMPLIFICATION OF DNA WITH A THERMOSTABLE DNA POLYMERASE

A thermostable DNA polymerase was used in an in vitro DNA amplification procedure, the polymerase chain reaction. The enzyme, isolated from Thermus aquaticus, greatly simplifies the procedure and, by enabling the amplification reaction to be performed...

Advanced Inorganic Chemistry

Since the second edition of this text, the literature in inorganic chemistry has continued to grow at an extremely rapid rate. The work has been characterised by increasing sophistication in the use of physical methods as well as in concepts and insights....

C4.5: Programs for Machine Learning

From the Publisher:Classifier systems play a major role in machine learning and knowledge-based systems, and Ross Quinlan's work on ID3 and C4.5 is widely acknowledged to have made some of the most significant contributions to their development. This...

Generalized autoregressive conditional heteroskedasticity

The present paper proposes a generalization of the canonical AutoRegressive Conditional Heteroskedasticity (ARCH) model by extending the conditional variance equation toward past conditional variances. The stationarity conditions and autocorrelation structure...

PROCHECK-a program to check the stereochemical quality of protein structures

Roman A. Laskowski, Malcolm W. MacArthur, David S. Moss, Janet M. Thornton

MEASURING THE EFFICIENCY OF DECISION MAKING UNITS

A. Charnes, W. W. Cooper, Edward Rhodes

Observational Study of Behavior: Sampling Methods

Seven major types of sampling for observational studies of social behavior have been found in the literature. These methods differ considerably in their suitability for providing unbiased data of various kinds. Below is a summary of the major recommended...

Endogenous Technological Change

Growth in this model is driven by technological change that arises from intentional investment decisions made by profit-maximizing agents. The distinguishing feature of the technology as an input is that it is not a conventional good or a public good;...

Increasing Returns and Long-Run Growth

This paper presents a fully specified model of long-run growth in which knowledge is assumed to be an input in production that has increasing marginal productivity. It is essentially a competitive equilibrium model with endogenous technological change....

Compressed sensing

Suppose x is an unknown vector in Ropf m (a digital image or signal); we plan to measure n general linear functionals of x and then reconstruct. If x is known to be compressible by transform coding with a known transform, and we reconstruct via the nonlinear...

Multiple view geometry in computer vision

From the Publisher:A basic problem in computer vision is to understand the structure of a real world scene given several images of it. Recent major developments in the theory and practice of scene reconstruction are described in detail in a unified framework....

Nonlinear Fiber Optics

Govind P. Agrawal

Distribution of the Estimators for Autoregressive Time Series with a Unit Root

Let n observations Y 1, Y 2, ···, Y n be generated by the model Y t = pY t−1 + e t , where Y 0 is a fixed constant and {e t } t-1 n is a sequence of independent normal random variables with mean 0 and variance σ2....

MrBayes 3: Bayesian phylogenetic inference under mixed models

Summary: MrBayes 3 performs Bayesian phylogenetic analysis combining information from different data partitions or subsets evolving under different stochastic evolutionary models. This allows the user to analyze heterogeneous data sets consisting of different...

Applied linear statistical models

John Neter, Michael H. Kutner, Christopher J. Nachtsheim, William Wasserman

The Positive and Negative Syndrome Scale (PANSS) for Schizophrenia

Stanley R. Kay, Abraham Fiszbein, Lewis A. Opler

Common risk factors in the returns on stocks and bonds

This paper identities five common risk factors in the returns on stocks and bonds. There are three stock-market factors: an overall market factor and factors related to firm size and book-to-market equity. There are two bond-market factors. related to...

Time Series Analysis, Forecasting and Control

From the Publisher:This is a complete revision of a classic, seminal, and authoritative book that has been the model for most books on the topic written since 1970. It focuses on practical techniques throughout, rather than a rigorous mathematical treatment...

Fuzzy identification of systems and its applications to modeling and control

A mathematical tool to build a fuzzy model of a system where fuzzy implications and reasoning are used is presented. The premise of an implication is the description of fuzzy subspace of inputs and its consequence is a linear input-output relation. The...

Molecular dynamics with coupling to an external bath

In molecular dynamics (MD) simulations the need often arises to maintain such parameters as temperature or pressure rather than energy and volume, or to impose gradients for studying transport properties in nonequilibrium MD. A method is described to...

Crystallography & NMR system: A new software suite for macromolecular structure determination.

A new software suite, called Crystallography & NMR System (CNS), has been developed for macromolecular structure determination by X-ray crystallography or solution nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy. In contrast to existing structure determination...

Institutionalized Organizations: Formal Structure as Myth and Ceremony

Many formal organizational structures arise as reflections of rationalized institutional rules. The elaboration of such rules in modern states and societies accounts in part for the expansion and increased complexity of formal organizational structures....

The order of things : an archaeology of the human sciences

The order of things : an archaeology of the human sciences

Using thematic analysis in psychology

Thematic analysis is a poorly demarcated, rarely-acknowledged, yet widely-used qualitative analytic method within psychology. In this paper, we argue that it offers an accessible and theoretically-flexible approach to analysing qualitative data. We outline...

Snakes: Active Contour Models

A snake is an energy-minimizing spline guided by external constraint forces and influenced by image forces that pull it toward features such as lines and edges. Snakes are active contour models: they lock onto nearby edges, localizing them accurately....

Microfísica del poder

Michel Foucault, Julia Varela, Fernando Álvarez-Uría Rico

Induction of Pluripotent Stem Cells from Mouse Embryonic and Adult Fibroblast Cultures by Defined Factors

SummaryDifferentiated cells can be reprogrammed to an embryonic-like state by transfer of nuclear contents into oocytes or by fusion with embryonic stem (ES) cells. Little is known about factors that induce this reprogramming. Here, we demonstrate induction...

Initial sequencing and analysis of the human genome

The human genome holds an extraordinary trove of information about human development, physiology, medicine and evolution. Here we report the results of an international collaboration to produce and make freely available a draft sequence of the human genome....

VMD : Visual molecular dynamics

VMD is a molecular graphics program designed for the display and analysis of molecular assemblies, in particular biopolymers such as proteins and nucleic acids. VMD can simultaneously display any number of structures using a wide variety of rendering...

MapReduce: simplified data processing on large clusters

MapReduce is a programming model and an associated implementation for processing and generating large data sets. Users specify a map function that processes a key/value pair to generate a set of intermediate key/value pairs, and a reduce function that...

Determination of serum proteins by means of the biuret reaction.

Allan G. Gornall, C. J. Bardawill, Maxima M. David

Mining association rules between sets of items in large databases

We are given a large database of customer transactions. Each transaction consists of items purchased by a customer in a visit. We present an efficient algorithm that generates all significant association rules between items in the database. The algorithm...

MapReduce: simplified data processing on large clusters

MapReduce is a programming model and an associated implementation for processing and generating large datasets that is amenable to a broad variety of real-world tasks. Users specify the computation in terms of a map and a reduce function, and the underlying...

Use of Dinitrosalicylic Acid Reagent for Determination of Reducing Sugar

Use of Dinitrosalicylic Acid Reagent for Determination of Reducing Sugar

Stochastic Relaxation, Gibbs Distributions, and the Bayesian Restoration of Images

We make an analogy between images and statistical mechanics systems. Pixel gray levels and the presence and orientation of edges are viewed as states of atoms or molecules in a lattice-like physical system. The assignment of an energy function in the...

Meta-Analysis in Clinical Trials*

This paper examines eight published reviews each reporting results from several related trials. Each review pools the results from the relevant trials in order to evaluate the efficacy of a certain treatment for a specified medical condition. These reviews...

A simple method for displaying the hydropathic character of a protein

A computer program that progressively evaluates the hydrophilicity and hydrophobicity of a protein along its amino acid sequence has been devised. For this purpose, a hydropathy scale has been composed wherein the hydrophilic and hydrophobic properties...

An economic theory of democracy

Downs presents a rational calculus of voting that has inspired much of the later work on voting and turnout. Particularly significant was his conclusion that a rational voter should almost never bother to vote. This conclusion, especially as elaborated...

A comprehensive set of sequence analysis programs for the VAX

John Devereux, Paul Haeberli, Oliver Smithies

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