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Engineering

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Elements of information theory

Thomas M. Cover, Joy A. Thomas

Perceived usefulness, perceived ease of use, and user acceptance of information technology

Valid measurement scales for predicting user acceptance of computers are in short supply. Most subjective measures used in practice are unvalidated, and their relationship to system usage is unknown. The present research develops and validates new scales...

Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice

From the Publisher:The indispensable guide to wireless communications—now fully revised and updated!Wireless Communications: Principles and Practice, Second Edition is the definitive modern text for wireless communications technology and system design....

A survey on sensor networks

The advancement in wireless communications and electronics has enabled the development of low-cost sensor networks. The sensor networks can be used for various application areas (e.g., health, military, home). For different application areas, there are...

Microwave Mobile Communications

From the Publisher:IEEE Press is pleased to bring back into print this definitive text and reference covering all aspects of microwave mobile systems design. Encompassing ten years of advanced research in the field, this invaluable resource reviews basic...

Exploration and exploitation in organizational learning

Exploration and explotation in organizational learning - This paper considers the relation between the exploration of new possibilities and the exploitation of old certainties in organizational learning. It examines some complications in allocating resources...

The capacity of wireless networks

When n identical randomly located nodes, each capable of transmitting at W bits per second and using a fixed range, form a wireless network, the throughput λ(n) obtainable by each node for a randomly chosen destination is Θ(W/√(nlogn)) bits per second...

Competitive strategy : techniques for analyzing industries and competitors

Now nearing its 60th printing in English and translated into nineteen languages, Michael E. Porter's  Competitive Strategy has transformed the theory, practice, and teaching of business strategy throughout the world. Electrifying in its simplicity --...

Genetic Algorithms

From the Publisher:Genetic algorithms are probabilistic search techniques based on the principles of biological evolution. As a biological organism evolves to more fully adapt to its environment, a genetic algorithm follows a path of analysis from which...

A robust layered control system for a mobile robot

A new architecture for controlling mobile robots is described. Layers of control system are built to let the robot operate at increasing levels of competence. Layers are made up of asynchronous modules that communicate over low-bandwidth channels. Each...

Robust and optimal control

This paper will very briefly review the history of the relationship between modern optimal control and robust control. The latter is commonly viewed as having arisen in reaction to certain perceived inadequacies of the former. More recently, the distinction...

Microwave engineering

A brief history of microwave engineering is given. The impact of computer-aided design and monolithic microwave integrated circuits on microwave design is examined. The career potential of microwave engineering is discussed, along with suggestions for...

A discrete numerical model for granular assemblies

The distinct element method is a numerical model capable of describing the mechanical behaviour of assemblies of discs and spheres. The method is based on the use of an explicit numerical scheme in which the interaction of the particles is monitored contact...

An Introduction to MultiAgent Systems

The study of multi-agent systems (MAS) focuses on systems in which many intelligent agents interact with each other. These agents are considered to be autonomous entities such as software programs or robots. Their interactions can either be cooperative...

Tabu Search

From the Publisher:This book explores the meta-heuristics approach called tabu search, which is dramatically changing our ability to solve a hostof problems that stretch over the realms of resource planning,telecommunications, VLSI design, financial analysis,...

Working Knowledge: How Organizations Manage What They Know

From the Publisher:The definitive primer on knowledge management, this book will establish the enduring vocabulary and concepts and serve as the hands-on resource of choice for fast companies that recognize knowledge as the only sustainable source of...

Human capital

The original publication of Peopleware was a watershed event. With this influential track record, the new revision of Peopleware is likely to make a similar mark on the software community. This excerpt from the new edition, on human capital, provides...

An Architecture for Differentiated Service

This document defines an architecture for implementing scalable service differentiation in the Internet. This architecture achieves scalability by aggregating traffic classification state which is conveyed by means of IP-layer packet marking using the...

Practical Optimization

The recent escalation in fuel costs has resulted in a host of optimization problems which were non-existent when fuel was relatively inexpensive. Coupled with the increased costs have been more difficult operational constraints imposed by fuel vendors....

Design science in information systems research

Two paradigms characterize much of the research in the Information Systems discipline: behavioral science and design science. The behavioral-science paradigm seeks to develop and verify theories that explain or predict human or organizational behavior....

Cramming More Components Onto Integrated Circuits

The future of integrated electronics is the future of electronics itself. The advantages of integration will bring about a proliferation of electronics, pushing this science into many new areas. Integrated circuits will lead to such wonders as home computers—or...

Extreme programming explained: embrace change

Software development projects can be fun, productive, and even daring. Yet they can consistently deliver value to a business and remain under control.Extreme Programming (XP) was conceived and developed to address the specific needs of software development...

Systems Thinking, Systems Practice

Whether by design, accident or merely synchronicity, Checkland appears to have developed a habit of writing seminal publications near the start of each decade which establish the basis and framework for systems methodology research for that decade.""...

Discussion and conclusions

ated. The thermoelastic effects are exhibited as an nonuniform tem­ perature distribution which appears and grows on the blade edge. The loading concentrates at a region on the blade surface and this contact region moves due to the effects of wear and...

Mindstorms: children, computers, and powerful ideas

The Gears of My ChildhoodBefore I was two years old I had developed an intense involvement with automobiles. The names of car parts made up a very substantial portion of my vocabulary: I was particularly proud of knowing about the parts of the transmission...

Communication in the presence of noise

A method is developed for representing any communication system geometrically. Messages and the corresponding signals are points in two "function spaces," and the modulation process is a mapping of one space into the other. Using this representation,...

BIODIESEL FROM MICROALGAE

Continued use of petroleum sourced fuels is now widely recognized as unsustainable because of depleting supplies and the contribution of these fuels to the accumulation of carbon dioxide in the environment. Renewable, carbon neutral, transport fuels are...

OFDM for Wireless Multimedia Communications

From the Book:The manifestations of the mode of goodness can be experienced when all the gates of the body are illuminated by knowledge The Bhagavad Gita (14.11)During the joint supervision of a Master's thesis "The Peak-to-Average Power Ratio of OFDM,"...

Forecasting, Structural Time Series Models and the Kalman Filter

In this book, Andrew Harvey sets out to provide a unified and comprehensive theory of structural time series models. Unlike the traditional ARIMA models, structural time series models consist explicitly of unobserved components, such as trends and seasonals,...

The Design of Everyday Things

Revealing how smart design is the new competitive frontier, this innovative book is a powerful primer on how--and why--some products satisfy customers while others only frustrate them.

A Formal Basis for the Heuristic Determination of Minimum Cost Paths

Although the problem of determining the minimum cost path through a graph arises naturally in a number of interesting applications, there has been no underlying theory to guide the development of efficient search procedures. Moreover, there is no adequate...

Communication in the Presence of Noise

A method is developed for representing any communication system geometrically. Messages and the corresponding signals are points in two "function spaces," and the modulation process is a mapping of one space into the other. Using this representation,...

Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics

J. C. Jaeger, N.G.W. Cook

Design of Analog CMOS Integrated Circuits

The CMOS technology area has quickly grown, calling for a new text--and here it is, covering the analysis and design of CMOS integrated circuits that practicing engineers need to master to succeed. Filled with many examples and chapter-ending problems,...

The C++ Programming Language

From the Publisher:Written by Bjarne Stroustrup, the creator of C, this is the world's most trusted and widely read book on C.For this special hardcover edition, two new appendixes on locales and standard library exception safety have been added. The...

Business dynamics : systems thinking and modeling for a complex world

Todays problems often arise as unintended consequences of yesterdays solutions. Social systems often suffer from policy resistance, the tendency for well-intentioned interventions to be defeated by the response of the system to the intervention itself....

A versatile camera calibration technique for high-accuracy 3D machine vision metrology using off-the-shelf TV cameras and lenses

A new technique for three-dimensional (3D) camera calibration for machine vision metrology using off-the-shelf TV cameras and lenses is described. The two-stage technique is aimed at efficient computation of camera external position and orientation relative...

Software Architecture in Practice

The award-winning and highly influential Software Architecture in Practice, Third Edition, has been substantially revised to reflect the latest developments in the field. In a real-world setting, the book once again introduces the concepts and best practices...

Software Engineering: A Practitioner's Approach

From the Publisher:Well-suited for both the student and the working professional,Software Engineering A Practitioner's Approach recognizes the dramatic growth in the field of software engineering and emphasizes new and important methods and tools used...

Estimation with Applications to Tracking and Navigation

From the Publisher:"Estimation with Applications to Tracking and Navigation treats the estimation of various quantities from inherently inaccurate remote observations. It explains state estimator design using a balanced combination of linear systems,...

Exit, Voice, and Loyalty

Albert O. Hirschman

Adaptation in Natural and Artificial Systems: An Introductory Analysis with Applications to Biology, Control and Artificial Intelligence

From the Publisher:Genetic algorithms are playing an increasingly important role in studies of complex adaptive systems, ranging from adaptive agents in economic theory to the use of machine learning techniques in the design of complex devices such as...

Analysis of Crack Formation and Crack Growth in Concrete by Means of Fracture Mechanics and Finite Elements

A method is presented in which fracture mechanics is introduced into finite element analysis by means of a model where stresses are assumed to act across a crack as long as it is narrowly opened. This assumption may be regarded as a way of expressing...

The Finite Element Method in Electromagnetics

A new edition of the leading textbook on the finite element method, incorporating major advancements and further applications in the field of electromagneticsThe finite element method (FEM) is a powerful simulation technique used to solve boundary-value...

Engineering design : a systematic approach

Gerhard Pahl, Wolfgang Beitz, Ken Wallace

Managing Across Borders: The Transnational Solution

The first edition of Managing Across Borders was hailed as a landmark book, widely praised for its pioneering insights into the management of companies operating in an international environment. With the introduction of an entirely new organizational...

Introduction to Evolutionary Computing

The overall structure of this new edition is three-tier: Part I presents the basics, Part II is concerned with methodological issues, and Part III discusses advanced topics. In the second edition the authors have reorganized the material to focus on problems,...

Quality Engineering Using Robust Design

From the Publisher:Phadke was trained in robust design techniques by Genichi Taguchi, the mastermind behind Japanese quality manufacturing technologies and the father of Japanese quality control. Taguchi's approach is currently under consideration to...

The Virtual Community: Homesteading on the Electronic Frontier

From the Publisher:Praised as "one of the ten best books of the year" by Business Week, this lively and provocative look inside the development, inner workings and future of the Internet is a must-read for anyone hoping to understand the next wave of...

Analysis and Design of Analog Integrated Circuits

From the Publisher:A comprehensive treatment of analog integrated circuit analysis and design starting from the basics and through current industrial practices. The authors combine bipolar, CMOS and BiCMOS analog integrated-circuit design into a unified...

Variable structure systems with sliding modes

Variable structure systems consist of a set of continuous subsystems together with suitable switching logic. Advantageous properties result from changing structures according to this switching logic. Design and analysis for this class of systems are surveyed...

Feature-Oriented Domain Analysis (FODA) Feasibility Study

Kyo C. Kang, Sholom Cohen, James A. Hess, William E. Novak, A. Spencer Peterson

On the capacity of a cellular CDMA system

It is shown that, particularly for terrestrial cellular telephony, the interference-suppression feature of CDMA (code division multiple access) can result in a many-fold increase in capacity over analog and even over competing digital techniques. A single-cell...

Unscented filtering and nonlinear estimation

The extended Kalman filter (EKF) is probably the most widely used estimation algorithm for nonlinear systems. However, more than 35 years of experience in the estimation community has shown that is difficult to implement, difficult to tune, and only reliable...

Level Set Methods and Dynamic Implicit Surfaces

This book is an introduction to level set methods and dynamic implicit surfaces. These are powerful techniques for analyzing and computing moving fronts in a variety of different settings. While it gives many examples of the utility of the methods to...

Generating optimal topologies in structural design using a homogenization method

Optimal shape design of structural elements based on boundary variations results in final designs that are topologically equivalent to the initial choice of design, and general, stable computational schemes for this approach often require some kind of...

ROBUST ADAPTIVE CONTROL

P.A. Ioannou, Jing Sun

V-BLAST: an architecture for realizing very high data rates over the rich-scattering wireless channel

Information theory research has shown that the rich-scattering wireless channel is capable of enormous theoretical capacities if the multipath is properly exploited. In this paper, we describe a wireless communication architecture known as vertical BLAST...

Theoretical Stress-Strain Model for Confined Concrete

A stress‐strain model is developed for concrete subjected to uniaxial compressive loading and confined by transverse reinforcement. The concrete section may contain any general type of confining steel: either spiral or circular hoops; or rectangular...

Code and Other Laws of Cyberspace

From the Publisher:Should cyberspace be regulated? How can it be done? It's a cherished belief of techies and net denizens everywhere that cyberspace is fundamentally impossible to regulate. Harvard Professor Lawrence Lessig warns that, if we're not careful...

Matching properties of MOS transistors

The matching properties of the threshold voltage, substrate factor, and current factor of MOS transistors have been analyzed and measured. Improvements to the existing theory are given, as well as extensions for long-distance matching and rotation of...

Hamlet on the Holodeck: The Future of Narrative in Cyberspace

From the Book:Introduction to Hamlet on the Holodeck by Janet H. MurrayAll media as extensions of ourselves serve to provide new transforming vision and awareness.--Marshall McLuhan Our various improvements not only mark a diminution of the function improved...

Spectrum analysis&#HASH#8212;A modern perspective

A summary of many of the new techniques developed in the last two decades for spectrum analysis of discrete time series is presented in this tutorial. An examination of the underlying time series model assumed by each technique serves as the common basis...

An Intrusion-Detection Model

A model of a real-time intrusion-detection expert system capable of detecting break-ins, penetrations, and other forms of computer abuse is described. The model is based on the hypothesis that security violations can be detected by monitoring a system's...

Feedback Systems: Input-Output Properties

Charles A. Desoer, M. Vidyasagar

Multilevel inverters: a survey of topologies, controls, and applications

Multilevel inverter technology has emerged recently as a very important alternative in the area of high-power medium-voltage energy control. This paper presents the most important topologies like diode-clamped inverter (neutral-point clamped), capacitor-clamped...

Optimum Settings for Automatic Controllers

Johann Ziegler, Nancy B. Nichols

Case study

Project managers can make more effective and efficient project adjustments if they detect project high-risk elements early. We analyzed 42 software development projects in order to investigate some early risk factors and their effect on software project...

Soil mechanics in engineering practice

Karl Terzaghi, Ralph B. Peck

Stability of networked control systems

First, we review some previous work on networked control systems (NCSs) and offer some improvements. Then, we summarize the fundamental issues in NCSs and examine them with different underlying network-scheduling protocols. We present NCS models with...

Robust frequency and timing synchronization for OFDM

A rapid synchronization method is presented for an orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing (OFDM) system using either a continuous transmission or a burst operation over a frequency-selective channel. The presence of a signal can be detected upon the...

A New Neutral-Point-Clamped PWM Inverter

A new neutral-point-clamped pulsewidth modulation (PWM) inverter composed of main switching devices which operate as switches for PWM and auxiliary switching devices to clamp the output terminal potential to the neutral point potential has been developed....

Bettering operation of Robots by learning

Suguru Arimoto, Sadao Kawamura, Fumio Miyazaki

Experimentation in Software Engineering

Like other sciences and engineering disciplines, software engineering requires a cycle of model building, experimentation, and learning. Experiments are valuable tools for all software engineers who are involved in evaluating and choosing between different...

Robust process control

Manfred Morari, Evanghelos Zafiriou

Task-technology fit and individual performance

A key concern in Information Systems (IS) research has been to better understand the linkage between information systems and individual performance. The research reported in this study has two primary objectives: (1) to propose a comprehensive theoretical...

Digital watermarking

Digital watermarking is a key ingredient to copyright protection. It provides a solution to illegal copying of digital material and has many other useful applications such as broadcast monitoring and the recording of electronic transactions. Now, for...

Route packets, not wires: on-chip inteconnection networks

Using on-chip interconnection networks in place of ad-hoc global wiring structures the top level wires on a chip and facilitates modular design. With this approach, system modules (processors, memories, peripherals, etc...) communicate by sending packets...

Being digital

From the Publisher:Being Digital decodes the mysteries and debunks the hype surrounding bandwidth, multimedia, virtual reality, and the Internet. It forecasts technologies that will make your telephone as context-sensitive as an English butler and replace...

Chaff: engineering an efficient SAT solver

Boolean satisfiability is probably the most studied of the combinatorial optimization/search problems. Significant effort has been devoted to trying to provide practical solutions to this problem for problem instances encountered in a range of applications...

Critical Values for Cointegration Tests

[The original version of this paper appeared as a University of California San Diego working paper in 1990 but has since disappeared from the web. This version includes a new appendix.] This paper provides tables of critical values for some popular tests...

Silicon as a mechanical material

Single-crystal silicon is being increasingly employed in a variety of new commercial products not because of its well-established electronic properties, but rather because of its excellent mechanical properties. In addition, recent trends in the engineering...

Elastography: A Quantitative Method for Imaging the Elasticity of Biological Tissues

We describe a new method for quantitative imaging of strain and elastic modulus distributions in soft tissues. The method is based on external tissue compression, with subsequent computation of the strain profile along the transducer axis, which is derived...

Variable structure control: a survey

A tutorial account of variable structure control with sliding mode is presented. The purpose is to introduce in a concise manner the fundamental theory, main results, and practical applications of this powerful control system design approach. This approach...

Low-power CMOS digital design

Motivated by emerging battery-operated applications that demand intensive computation in portable environments, techniques are investigated which reduce power consumption in CMOS digital circuits while maintaining computational throughput. Techniques...

The Social Life of Information

From the Publisher:For years pundits have predicted that information technology will obliterate the need for almost everything--from travel to supermarkets to business organizations to social life itself. Individual users, however, tend to be more skeptical....

Reliability evaluation of power systems

Roy Billinton, Ronald N. Allan

Occurrence of drugs in German sewage treatment plants and rivers

The occurrence of 32 drug residues belonging to different medicinal classes like antiphlogistics, lipid regulators, psychiatric drugs, antiepileptic drugs, betablockers and β 2 -sympathomimetics as well as five metabolites has been investigated in...

Quantitative seismology : theory and methods

In the past decade, seismology has matured as a quantitative science through an extensive interplay between theoretical and experimental workers. Several specialized journals have recorded this progress in thousands of pages of research papers, yet such...

A new model for control of systems with friction

In this paper we propose a new dynamic model for friction. The model captures most of the friction behavior that has been observed experimentally. This includes the Stribeck effect, hysteresis, spring-like characteristics for stiction, and varying break-away...

TCP Congestion Control with Appropriate Byte Counting (ABC)

This document proposes a small modification to the way TCP increases its congestion window. Rather than the traditional method of increasing the congestion window by a constant amount for each arriving acknowledgment, the document suggests basing the...

Interpretive case studies in IS research: nature and method

There has been an increase in recent years in the number of in-depth case studies which focus on human actions and interpretations surrounding the development and use of computer-based information systems (IS). This paper addresses philosophical and theoretical...

Femtocell networks: a survey

The surest way to increase the system capacity of a wireless link is by getting the transmitter and receiver closer to each other, which creates the dual benefits of higher-quality links and more spatial reuse. In a network with nomadic users, this inevitably...

Basic problems in stability and design of switched systems

By a switched system, we mean a hybrid dynamical system consisting of a family of continuous-time subsystems and a rule that orchestrates the switching between them. The article surveys developments in three basic problems regarding stability and design...

Strategic alignment: leveraging information technology for transforming organizations

It is cleaaar that eventhough information technology (I/T) has evolved form its traditional orientation of administrative support toward a more strategic role within an organization, there is still a glaring lack of fundamental frameworks within which...

Wellsprings of Knowledge: Building and Sustaining the Sources of Innovation

From the Publisher:Why are some companies better at innovation than others? Drawing on the candid reflections of managers at leading technology-based companies such as Hewlett-Packard, Chaparral Steel, Microsoft, and Motorola, Wellsprings of Knowledge...

Simulation with Arena

From the Publisher:Arena is the world's most effective simulation technology for modeling systems in manufacturing,transportation,logistics,warehousing,and business processing. This highly anticipated text introduces the subject of simulation using examples...

Wind energy handbook

As environmental concerns have focused attention on the generation of electricity from clean and renewable sources wind energy has become the world's fastest growing energy source. The Wind Energy Handbook draws on the authors' collective industrial and...

Microalgae for biodiesel production and other applications: A review

Sustainable production of renewable energy is being hotly debated globally since it is increasingly understood that first generation biofuels, primarily produced from food crops and mostly oil seeds are limited in their ability to achieve targets for...

Sensor networks: evolution, opportunities, and challenges

Wireless microsensor networks have been identified as one of the most important technologies for the 21st century. This paper traces the history of research in sensor networks over the past three decades, including two important programs of the Defense...

A survey of industrial model predictive control technology

This paper provides an overview of commercially available model predictive control (MPC) technology, both linear and nonlinear, based primarily on data provided by MPC vendors. A brief history of industrial MPC technology is presented first, followed...

Chemical reactor analysis and design

Gilbert F. Froment, Kenneth B. Bischoff, Juray De Wilde

Cooperative communication in wireless networks

Transmit diversity generally requires more than one antenna at the transmitter. However, many wireless devices are limited by size or hardware complexity to one antenna. Recently, a new class of methods called cooperative communication has been proposed...

PEGASIS: Power-efficient gathering in sensor information systems

Sensor webs consisting of nodes with limited battery power and wireless communications are deployed to collect useful information from the field. Gathering sensed information in an energy efficient manner is critical to operate the sensor network for...

Service-Oriented Architecture: Concepts, Technology, and Design

"Service Oriented Architecture is a hot, but often misunderstood topic in IT today. Thomas articulately describes the concepts, specifications, and standards behind service orientation and Web Services. For enterprises adopting SOA, there is detailed...

Fault diagnosis in dynamic systems using analytical and knowledge-based redundancy—a survey and some new results

A review of the different concepts of model-based fault detection and isolation in dynamic processes indicates that the practical application can be considerably improved by a systematic exploitation of the potentialities of robust residual generation....

Instantaneous Reactive Power Compensators Comprising Switching Devices without Energy Storage Components

The conventional reactive power in single-phase or three- phase circuits has been defined on the basis of the average value concept for sinusoidal voltage and current waveforms in steady states. The instantaneous reactive power in three-phase circuits...

Standardised nordic questionnaires for the analysis of musculoskeletal symptoms

Standardised questionnaires for the analysis of musculoskeletal symptoms in an ergonomic or occupational health context are presented. The questions are forced choice variants and may be either self-administered or used in interviews. They concentrate...

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