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CiteWeb id: 20100000110

CiteWeb score: 2901

DOI: 10.1056/NEJM199406233302501

Background Although disuse of skeletal muscle and undernutrition are often cited as potentially reversible causes of frailty in elderly people, the efficacy of interventions targeted specifically at these deficits has not been carefully studied. Methods We conducted a randomized, placebo-controlled trial comparing progressive resistance exercise training, multinutrient supplementation, both interventions, and neither in 100 frail nursing home residents over a 10-week period. Results The mean (±SE) age of the 63 women and 37 men enrolled in the study was 87.1 ±0.6 years (range, 72 to 98); 94 percent of the subjects completed the study. Muscle strength increased by 113 ±8 percent in the subjects who underwent exercise training, as compared with 3 ±9 percent in the nonexercising subjects (P<0.001). Gait velocity increased by 11.8 ±3.8 percent in the exercisers but declined by 1.0 ±3.8 percent in the nonexercisers (P = 0.02). Stair-climbing power also improved in the exercisers as compared with the nonexercis...

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