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CiteWeb id: 20090000225

CiteWeb score: 2907

DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa032534

background An open-label study indicated that selective depletion of B cells with the use of rituximab led to sustained clinical improvements for patients with rheumatoid arthritis. To confirm these observations, we conducted a randomized, double-blind, controlled study. methods We randomly assigned 161 patients who had active rheumatoid arthritis despite treatment with methotrexate to receive one of four treatments: oral methotrexate (≥10 mg per week) (control); rituximab (1000 mg on days 1 and 15); rituximab plus cyclophosphamide (750 mg on days 3 and 17); or rituximab plus methotrexate. Responses defined according to the criteria of the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) and the European League against Rheumatism (EULAR) were assessed at week 24 (primary analyses) and week 48 (exploratory analyses). results At week 24, the proportion of patients with 50 percent improvement in disease symptoms according to the ACR criteria, the primary end point, was significantly greater with the rituximab–methotrexate combination (43 percent, P=0.005) and the rituximab– cyclophosphamide combination (41 percent, P=0.005) than with methotrexate alone (13 percent). In all groups treated with rituximab, a significantly higher proportion of patients had a 20 percent improvement in disease symptoms according to the ACR criteria (65 to 76 percent vs. 38 percent, P≤0.025) or had EULAR responses (83 to 85 percent vs. 50 percent, P≤0.004). All ACR responses were maintained at week 48 in the rituximab–methotrexate group. The majority of adverse events occurred with the first rituximab infusion: at 24 weeks, serious infections occurred in one patient (2.5 percent) in the control group and in four patients (3.3 percent) in the rituximab groups. Peripheral-blood immunoglobulin concentrations remained within normal ranges. conclusions In patients with active rheumatoid arthritis despite methotrexate treatment, a single course of two infusions of rituximab, alone or in combination with either cyclophosphamide or continued methotrexate, provided significant improvement in disease symptoms at both weeks 24 and 48.

The publication "Efficacy of B-cell-targeted therapy with rituximab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis." is placed in the Top 10000 of the best publications in CiteWeb. Also in the category Medicine it is included to the Top 1000. Additionally, the publicaiton "Efficacy of B-cell-targeted therapy with rituximab in patients with rheumatoid arthritis." is placed in the Top 1000 among other scientific works published in 2009.
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