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CiteWeb id: 20050000239

CiteWeb score: 2659

DOI: 10.1001/jama.293.15.1861

Results Relative to the normal weight category (BMI 18.5 to 25), obesity (BMI 30) was associated with 111 909 excess deaths (95% confidence interval [CI], 53 754170 064) and underweight with 33 746 excess deaths (95% CI, 15 726-51 766). Overweight was not associated with excess mortality (�86 094 deaths; 95% CI, �161 223 to �10 966). The relative risks of mortality associated with obesity were lower in NHANES II and NHANES III than in NHANES I. Conclusions Underweight and obesity, particularly higher levels of obesity, were associated with increased mortality relative to the normal weight category. The impact of obesity on mortality may have decreased over time, perhaps because of improvements in public health and medical care. These findings are consistent with the increases in life expectancy in the United States and the declining mortality rates from ischemic heart disease.

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