CiteWeb id: 19920000081

CiteWeb score: 4761

A new questionnaire on aggression was constructed. Replicated factor analyses yielded 4 scales: Physical Aggression, Verbal Aggression, Anger, and Hostility. Correlational analysis revealed that anger is the bridge between both physical and verbal aggression and hostility. The scales showed internal consistency and stability over time. Men scored slightly higher on Verbal Agression and Hostility and much higher on Physical Aggression. There was no sex difference for Anger. The various scales correlated differently with various personality traits. Scale scores correlated with peer nominations ofthe various kinds ofaggression. These findings suggest the need to assess not only overall aggression but also its individual components. The Hostility inventory developed by Buss and Durkee (1957) remains one ofthe most frequently used questionnaires on aggression, with 242 citations in the Social Science Citation Index between 1960 and 1989 (Bushman, Cooper, & Lemke, 1991). A major reason for its popularity is the division of the inventory into seven scales: Assault, Indirect Aggression, Irrita­ bility, Negativism, Resentment, Suspicion, and Verbal Aggres­ sion. Researchers can therefore discover not only how aggres­ sive a person is but also how the aggression is manifested. Scores on the inventory have been found to correlate with intensity of shock delivered in the aggression machine para­ digm (Scheier, Buss, & Buss, 1978). Violent prisoners have higher scores than nonviolent prisoners (Gunn & Gristwood, 1975). Compared with controls, men who have committed do­ mestic violence score higher on Assault, Indirect Aggression, Irritability, Resentment, and Suspicion but not on Negativism or Verbal Aggression (Maiuro, Cabn, Vitaliano, Wagner, & Ze­ gree, 1988). This research is just a brief sample of the studies (too numerous to review here) that contribute to construct va­ lidity. Given this evidence and the popularity of the inventory, is there a need for a new questionnaire on aggression? Yes, for several reasons. The seven scales were established a priori, and there was no factor analysis of items. The original study factor analyzed scales and found two factors (Buss & Durkee, 1957). One, consisting of Assault, Indirect Aggression, Irritability, and Verbal Aggression, is called Aggressiveness. The other, de