CiteWeb id: 19910000115

CiteWeb score: 4038

DOI: 10.1063/1.460205

The Gaussian‐2 theoretical procedure (G2 theory), based on a b i n i t i o molecular orbital theory, for calculation of molecular energies (atomization energies, ionization potentials,electron affinities, and proton affinities) of compounds containing first‐ (Li–F) and second‐row atoms (Na–Cl) is presented. This new theoretical procedure adds three features to G1 theory [J. Chem. Phys. 9 0, 5622 (1989)] including a correction for nonadditivity of diffuse‐s p and 2d f basis set extensions, a basis set extension containing a third d function on nonhydrogen and a second p function on hydrogen atoms, and a modification of the higher level correction. G2 theory is a significant improvement over G1 theory because it eliminates a number of deficiencies present in G1 theory. Of particular importance is the improvement in atomization energies of ionic molecules such as LiF and hydrides such as C2H6, NH3, N2H4, H2O2, and CH3SH. The average absolute deviation from experiment of atomization energies of 39 first‐row compounds is reduced from 1.42 to 0.92 kcal/mol. In addition, G2 theory gives improved performance for hypervalent species and electron affinities of second‐row species (the average deviation from experiment of electron affinities of second‐row species is reduced from 1.94 to 1.08 kcal/mol). Finally, G2 atomization energies for another 43 molecules, not previously studied with G1 theory, many of which have uncertain experimental data, are presented and differences with experiment are assessed.